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Iblher Niklas N Department of Plastic and Hand Surgery, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. - - 2012
Although a multitude of proposed forehead rejuvenation procedures have been described, long-term and systematic morphometric evaluation is rare. There are no studies comparing endoscopic forehead lifts and transpalpebral browpexy techniques according to their efficacy in raising and reshaping the brow. In a retrospective study, standardized photographic documentations of patients undergoing ...
Broer Peter N PN Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn, - - 2012
Plastic surgeons often approach nasal aesthetic evaluation with the aid of seemingly objective measurements. However, ideal measurements of an attractive nose, as suggested in the literature, might not apply on a cross-cultural basis. Given these controversies, this study aimed to investigate the cultural and ethnic impact on nasal shape preferences. ...
Dini Gal Moreira GM Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Sorocaba, São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2012
Deep vein thrombosis and its most dangerous outcome, pulmonary embolism, are complications with a high incidence in hospitalized patients. In plastic surgery, abdominoplasty is the aesthetic surgery more frequently associated with deep vein thrombosis condition. This study aimed to test the efficacy and safety of oral rivaroxaban for the prevention ...
Bertelli Jayme A JA Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Governador Celso Ramos Hospital, Florianópolis and Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil. - - 2012
In extended upper-type lesions of the brachial plexus, nerve transfers and root grafting have improved the results of shoulder and elbow reconstruction. However, wrist extension reconstruction has received little attention. In 20 cadaveric upper limbs, we dissected the anterior interosseous nerve and extensor carpi radialis brevis motor branch. Four patients ...
Liao Yu-Fang YF Craniofacial Center and the Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Gueishan Township Taiwan. - - 2012
Nasoalveolar molding is increasingly being used to treat unilateral cleft nose deformity before primary repair. The Grayson technique starts nasal molding when an alveolar gap is reduced to 5 mm, whereas the Figueroa technique performs nasal and alveolar molding at the same time. The authors investigated the comparative efficacy, efficiency, ...
Buchanan Edward P EP Division of Plastic Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Wash, - - 2012
Zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures associated with ipsilateral naso-orbito-ethmoidal fractures are more complex injuries than isolated zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures. This injury pattern can have significant long-term morbidity if not recognized and treated appropriately during the initial operation. The purpose of this study is to compare mechanisms of injury, treatment, and outcome between ...
Jones Barry M BM King Edward VII's Sister Agnes Hospital, London and Glasgow, United Kingdom. - - 2012
The longevity of face-lift surgery is a key question that has not been adequately addressed by previous studies. No study has used standardized photographs, objective measurements, or validated subjective scoring systems. From 2001 to 2011, photographs were standardized in this institution. Fifty primary face-lift patients were assessed 5.5 years after ...
Lorenc Z Paul ZP Lorenc Aesthetic Plastic Surgery Center, New York, NY 10028, USA. - - 2012
Soft-tissue augmentation with injectable fillers is commonly performed in the malar area. A four-point scale, the Medicis Midface Volume Scale, was developed and validated as an objective measure of the severity of midface volume loss. Using a separate photographic guide, four investigators rated photographs (front and right and left sides, ...
Park Joo Hyun JH Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2012
The authors present the senior author's experience and evolution of techniques with the use of autologous costal cartilage grafts in Asian rhinoplasty. Eighty-three patients who had rhinoseptoplasty with autologous costal cartilage grafts were included in this retrospective review. The types of grafts, complications related to the graft itself and graft ...
Choudry Umar U Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn 55455, USA. - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the current preferences of plastic surgeons regarding preoperative assessment and their effect on clinical outcome in primary breast augmentation. An eight-question online survey was sent to members of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. Data collected online were analyzed using Student's t ...
Bossert Ronald P RP Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pa 15123, - - 2012
Patients presenting for plastic surgery consultation after massive weight loss require a thorough preoperative evaluation that takes into account the complex medical and psychosocial issues associated with obesity. A number of factors must be considered, including type of weight loss procedure, nutritional deficiencies, body mass index at the time of ...
Rasko Yvonne M YM Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9132, - - 2012
Secondary rhytidectomy procedures present an additional level of complexity in comparison with primary procedures. Patients may seek secondary rhytidectomy, in part, as a result of complications stemming from the initial procedure, because of the natural process of aging, or a combination of the two. The aim of this literature review ...
Waljee Jennifer F JF Section of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Mich 48109-5340, USA. - - 2012
Every year, hundreds of new surgical devices and techniques are introduced, and plastic surgeons must determine the associated risks, benefits, and costs of these options when incorporating these advances into their armamentarium. This article will discuss the elements of treatment effectiveness by applying the principles of evidence-based medicine to therapeutics. ...
Colohan Shannon S Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Texas 75390, - - 2012
Increasing focus on reducing morbidity from latissimus dorsi flaps has led to the evolution of muscle-sparing variants and perforator-based flaps. This study aimed to investigate the vascular anatomy of the muscle-sparing variant and to describe its application as a free flap based on the descending branch of the thoracodorsal artery. ...
Liu Mengyuan T MT Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2012
Müller's muscle-conjunctival resection is used to correct mild to moderate ptosis commonly encountered in the rejuvenation patient population. The authors examined its efficacy and analyzed variables that potentially affect outcomes. Patients who underwent ptosis correction using Müller's muscle-conjunctival resection with greater than 10-month follow-up were included. Amount of ptosis reduction, ...
Saint-Cyr Michel M University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA. - - 2012
After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Describe the indications and contraindications for free flap reconstruction. 2. Describe the indications, anatomy, harvest technique, and advantages and disadvantages of the workhorse free flaps. 3. Describe the indications and contraindications for extremity replantation. 4. Describe the techniques and ...
Butala Parag P Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery Laboratory, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, - - 2012
The graying of our population has motivated the authors to better understand age-related impairments in wound healing. To increase research throughput, the authors hypothesized that the Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome Zmpste24-deficient (Zmpste24(-/-)) mouse could serve as a model of senescent wound healing. Using a stented excisional wound closure model, the authors ...
Rosenow F - - 2012
The term non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) refers to a heterogeneous group of diseases with different etiology, prognosis and treatment. The different forms of NCSE comprise about 25-50% of all status epilepticus cases. The most frequent form encountered in clinical practice is complex-partial SE but the rarer conditions of absence status, ...
Alasker Ahmed - - 2012
An increasing number of small renal masses (SRMs) are being detected with modern cross-sectional imaging. The natural history of SRMs is mostly unknown. Initial active surveillance (AS) is a reasonable treatment option for small renal masses (SRMs) < 4 cm in the infirm patient with major comorbidities. Partial nephrectomy (PN) is the ...
Atmaca Halil - - 2012
PURPOSE: Depending on the location and extent of the meniscectomy, loading on the tibial articular cartilage alters. The main purpose of the present study was to analyze the loading on the tibial articular cartilage following medial meniscectomy performed in various location and extent, as well as in the healthy knee, ...
Ahn Eu-Ree - - 2012
The forkhead-associated (FHA) domain is involved in protein-protein interaction by recognizing a phosphothreonine epitope on target proteins. In this study, we investigated in planta functions of the Arabidopsis FHA domain 2. AtFHA2 was mainly localized in the nucleus. Arabidopsis fha2 null mutants grew normally during the vegetative stage, but had ...
Chakrabarti Mrinmay - - 2012
Neuroblastoma is an extracranial solid tumor that usually occurs in infants and children. Malignant neuroblastomas remain mostly refractory to currently available chemotherapeutic agents. So, new therapeutic agents and their molecular mechanisms for induction of cell death must be explored for successful treatment of human malignant neuroblastomas. Two polyphenolic compounds, which ...
Trabert J - - 2012
Given the number of studies that have investigated the subject of intracerebral hemorrhage, there are still many research questions unanswered, including prevention and treatment of progressive hemorrhage, indications for surgical intervention, secondary prophylaxis and also treatment of intracerebral hemorrhage in patients with new anticoagulants. This article presents an overview of ...
- - 2012
In 2007, the national prevalence of HIV in Kenya was 7.1% among persons aged 15-64 years, with provincial prevalence rates ranging from 0.8% in North Eastern Province to 14.9% in Nyanza Province. Although an estimated 85.0% of males in Kenya are circumcised, nearly half of all uncircumcised men live in ...
Seideman Casey A - - 2012
Within the last decade, the adaptation of robotic urologic surgery has had a profound impact on surgical practice, with robotic upper tract reconstruction for ureteropelvic junction obstruction gaining rapid acceptance. Recent advances in robotic reconstruction demonstrate efficacious outcomes of robotic pyeloplasty, as compared with conventional laparoscopic pyeloplasty, even in the ...
- - 2012
Background: In 2009, 6.7% of the estimated 1.1 million persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States were youths (defined in this report as persons aged 13-24 years); more than half of youths with HIV (59.5%) were unaware of their infection. Methods: CDC used National HIV ...
Romero-Maroto M - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Two processes of vastly different clinical characteristics-what we know today as "Aphthous Stomatitis" and "noma"-occupied the minds of dentists and doctors from the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries. The aim of this article was to look at their knowledge-concerning the differential diagnosis and treatment of these two processes. MATERIALS AND ...
Dekker Nicky - - 2012
Referral of patients with endometrial (EC) and/or ovarian cancer (OC) for genetic counseling is based on age at diagnosis and family history. Many patients with hereditary cancers are missed by following this strategy. We determined acceptance and mutation detection rate of offering genetic counseling and testing to unselected EC and ...
Franz Maximilian B - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The corpus luteum (CL), develops from the ruptured follicle after gonadotropin stimulation. Based on intracellular reorganization of the cytoskeleton an human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) dependent sprouting and migration of luteinizing granulosa cells (LGCs) and endothelial cells is observed. Rho-GTPases are shown to be key regulators of cytoskeletal restructuring. In ...
Saar Indrek - - 2012
Neuropeptide galanin and its three receptors, galanin receptor type 1-galanin receptor type 3, are known to be involved in the regulation of numerous psychological processes, including depression. Studies have suggested that stimulation of galanin receptor type 2 (GalR2) leads to attenuation of the depression-like behavior in animals. However, due to ...
Wang Zhifu - - 2012
Sepsis represents a systemic inflammatory response to infection and its sequelae include severe sepsis, septic shock, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and death. Studies in mice and humans indicate that the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS, NOS2) plays an important role in the development of sepsis and its sequelae. It ...
- - 2012
The recycling of lead has increased during the past 20 years, with more workers and their families potentially being exposed to lead from recycling facilities, including facilities that recycle lead-acid batteries. During November 2010-May 2011, four voluntary blood lead screening clinics for children of employees of a battery recycling facility ...
Schwarz Frank - - 2012
PURPOSE: This case illustrates a pulp tissue-induced dentointegration of a titanium implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One commercially available titanium implant with a sand-blasted and acid-etched surface was placed in the maxilla of a foxhound where the palatinal root of the previously (i.e., 8 weeks) removed first molar was unintentionally retained. After ...
- - 2012
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections attributed to male-to-male sexual contact comprised 64% of the estimated new HIV infections in the United States in 2009. Assessing the geographic distribution of HIV infection by transmission category can help public health programs target prevention resources to men who have sex with men (MSM) ...
Dekate Parag - - 2012
Acute diarrhea is the second leading cause of under-five mortality in India. It is defined as the passage of frequent watery stools (>3/24 h). Recent change in consistency of stools is more important than frequency. Acute diarrhea is caused by variety of viral, bacterial and parasitic agents. The common ones are: ...
Mazza Alberto - - 2012
The role of arterial hypertension (HT) as risk factor for Parkinson's disease (PD) is still debated. Case-control and retrospective studies do not support an association between HT and PD and the risk of PD seems to be lower in hypertensive than in normotensive subjects. In addition, the use of calcium-channel ...
Humbert Ianessa A IA Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, 98 North Broadway, Suite 409, Baltimore, MD 21231, - - 2013
Oropharyngeal swallowing is a complex sensorimotor phenomenon that has had decades of research dedicated to understanding it more thoroughly. However, the underlying neural mechanisms responsible for normal and disordered swallowing remain very vague. We consider this gap in knowledge the result of swallowing research that has been broad (identifying phenomena) ...
Pastor Verónica V Department of Physiology and Institute of Cell Biology, School of Medicine, University of Buenos Aires, Paraguay 2155 7th floor, C1121A6B, Buenos Aires, - - 2013
Prior exposure to drugs of abuse may increase or decrease the reinforcing effects of the drug in later consumptions. Based on the initial locomotor activity (LA) response to an acute drug administration or to novelty in an open-field arena, animals can be classified as low or high LA responders (LR ...
Arthur Joseph G JG Department of Mathematics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA. - - 2013
We derive a formula that relates the spike-triggered covariance (STC) to the phase resetting curve (PRC) of a neural oscillator. We use this to show how changes in the shape of the PRC alter the sensitivity of the neuron to different stimulus features, which are the eigenvectors of the STC. ...
Mulvihill John J - - 2012
Computational models of diseased arteries are advancing rapidly, and a need exists to develop more accurate material models of human atherosclerotic plaques. However, intact samples for in vitro mechanical testing are not readily available. Most plaque samples are harvested from carotid endarterectomies where the geometries are not suitable for the ...
Qiu Qian-Hui - - 2012
Abstract Conclusion: Nasal polyposis (NP) is frequently found to run in families. Earlier onset of the condition strongly suggested the genetic basis for the development of NP and implied that it might be a genetic disease involving multiple genes. Objective: The etiology and pathogenesis of NP remain largely unknown, although ...
Pinto Alvaro - - 2012
In the last few years, the treatment of castration-resistant prostate carcinoma (CRPC) has changed completely. The approval of docetaxel and subsequent investigation in this field have led to development of new agents that have demonstrated an improvement in overall survival in the post-docetaxel setting, such as cabazitaxel and abiraterone. Radium-223 ...
Jin Sung-Chul - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the outcomes of middle cerebral artery bifurcation (MCAB) aneurysms treated with simple coiling using single or multiple catheters without stents or balloons. METHODS: This study included 100 patients with 103 MCAB aneurysms who underwent a simple coiling procedure without the adjuvant use of stents or balloons. The ...
Tormey W P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Biochemical toxicology in suicides provides a template to improve preventive interventions in cases of suicide. The menu for biochemical toxicological analysis in coroners' cases is not prescriptive in Ireland or in the United Kingdom. The aim of the study was to confirm that reliance on the results of an ...
Gordon Jason - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess trends in hip fracture rates and outcomes following hospitalisation for hip fracture. Hip fracture admissions increased over the study period. Men fared worst in terms of higher absolute mortality. Refracture rates and male health outcomes require further attention. PURPOSE: The aim of ...
Takeuchi Masato - - 2012
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is currently the standard treatment for Kawasaki disease (KD). Although IVIG therapy is generally well tolerated, several minor adverse reactions have been reported. We report a patient with KD treated with IVIG, who developed a cutaneous reaction in the convalescent phase (approximately 10 days after therapy). We identified ...
Pereira Rosangela A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the patterns of consumption of foods high in solid fats and added sugars (SoFAS) in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; individual dietary intake survey. Food intake was assessed by means of two non-consecutive food records. Foods providing >9·1 % of energy from saturated fat, or >1·3 % of ...
Fiorito Elisa - - 2012
Estrogen receptor (ER) is a hormone-regulated transcription factor that controls cell division and differentiation in the ovary, breast, and uterus. The expression of ER is a common feature of the majority of breast cancers, which is used as a therapeutic target. Recent genetic studies have shown that ER binding occurs ...
Ford A C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms (GERS) are common in the community. However, few studies have examined their long-term natural history, or impact on survival. AIM: To examine these issues in individuals recruited into a community-based screening programme for Helicobacter pylori in 1994. METHODS: Data on mortality and cause of death at ...
Saul-Tcherkas Vered - - 2012
Water and nutrient availability are the major limiting factors of biological activity in arid and semiarid ecosystems. Therefore, perennial plants have developed different ecophysiological adaptations to cope with harsh conditions. The chemical profile of the root exudates varies among plant species and this can induce variability in associated microbial populations. ...
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