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Liu Mengyuan T MT Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2012
Müller's muscle-conjunctival resection is used to correct mild to moderate ptosis commonly encountered in the rejuvenation patient population. The authors examined its efficacy and analyzed variables that potentially affect outcomes. Patients who underwent ptosis correction using Müller's muscle-conjunctival resection with greater than 10-month follow-up were included. Amount of ptosis reduction, ...
Anderson Deborah J - - 2012
Self-administered swabs are used to sample vaginal contents for a variety of clinical purposes including detection of sexually transmitted infections, condom breakage, and vaginal product use. The goal of this study was to determine whether a quantitative glycogen assay can be used to assess whether a swab has been exposed ...
Li Lirong - - 2012
Type 1 diabetes is characterized pathologically by autoimmune insulitis-related islet β-cell destruction. Although intensive insulin therapy for patients with type 1 diabetes can correct hyperglycemia, this therapy does not prevent all diabetes-related complications. Recent studies have shown that autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a promising new approach for ...
McInnes Kerry J - - 2012
11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type I (11βHSD1) regenerates active cortisol from inert cortisone in adipose tissue. Elevated adipose tissue 11βHSD1 activity is observed in obese humans and rodents, where it is linked to obesity and its metabolic consequences. Menopause is also associated with increased abdominal fat accumulation, suggesting that estrogen is also ...
Saint-Cyr Michel M University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA. - - 2012
After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Describe the indications and contraindications for free flap reconstruction. 2. Describe the indications, anatomy, harvest technique, and advantages and disadvantages of the workhorse free flaps. 3. Describe the indications and contraindications for extremity replantation. 4. Describe the techniques and ...
Zhao Jin - - 2012
HIV transmission among men who have sex with men (MSM) has become an increasing concern in China. Money boys (MBs) are a subgroup of MSM who sell sex to men. Direct comparison of HIV prevalence and related risk factors between MB and noncommercial MSM (ncMSM) has rarely been done. This ...
Sun Shuying S Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research and Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California, - - 2012
A new study shows that loss of the lariat debranching enzyme Dbr1 suppresses TDP-43 toxicity. The accumulated intronic lariat RNAs, which are normally degraded after splicing, likely act as decoys to sequester TDP-43 away from binding to and disrupting functions of other RNAs.
Schneider Jessica - - 2012
Wickerhamomyces ciferrii is a microorganism characterized by the production and secretion of large amounts of acetylated sphingoid bases, in particular tetraacetyl phytosphingosine. Here, we present the 15.90-Mbp draft genome sequence of W. ciferrii NRRL Y-1031 F-60-10 generated by pyrosequencing and de novo assembly. The draft genome sequence comprising 364 contigs ...
Grimes Matthew M School of Medicine, Departments of Neurology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, - - 2012
Although azithromycin promised to be a safe and effective single-dose oral treatment of early syphilis, azithromycin treatment failure has been documented and is associated with mutations in the 23S rDNA of corresponding Treponema pallidum strains. The prevalence of strains harboring these mutations varies throughout the United States and the world. ...
Farinelli C K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether increasing body mass index (BMI) alters the efficacy of ultrasound-directed cerclage in women with a history of preterm birth. METHODS: This was a planned secondary analysis of a multicenter trial in which women with a singleton gestation and prior spontaneous preterm birth (17 to 33 + ...
Jeong Haeyoung - - 2012
Kluyveromyces marxianus is a thermotolerant yeast that has been explored for potential use in biotechnological applications, such as production of biofuels, single-cell proteins, enzymes, and other heterologous proteins. Here, we present the high-quality draft of the 10.9-Mb genome of K. marxianus var. marxianus KCTC 17555 (= CBS 6556 = ATCC ...
Sims Traci T - - 2012
An innovative program for recruiting nurses in the psychiatric setting.
Martone Gerald - - 2012
One of the world's worst refugee crises revisited.
Wright Elizabeth A EA Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2012
To study the risk factors for revision of primary total hip replacement (THR) in a US population-based sample. Using Medicare claims, we identified beneficiaries from 29 US states who underwent primary THR between July 1, 1995 and June 30, 1996, with followup through December 31, 2008. Potential cases had International ...
Rosenberg Karen - - 2012
Potential effect of inhaled glucocorticoids must be weighed against known benefits.
Alvarez Tara L TL Department of Biomedical Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey 07102, USA. - - 2012
This study assessed the prevalence of convergence insufficiency (CI) with and without simultaneous vision dysfunctions within the traumatic brain injury (TBI) sample population because although CI is commonly reported with TBI, the prevalence of concurrent visual dysfunctions with CI in TBI is unknown. A retrospective analysis of 557 medical records ...
Bossert Ronald P RP Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pa 15123, - - 2012
Patients presenting for plastic surgery consultation after massive weight loss require a thorough preoperative evaluation that takes into account the complex medical and psychosocial issues associated with obesity. A number of factors must be considered, including type of weight loss procedure, nutritional deficiencies, body mass index at the time of ...
Brous Edie - - 2012
This is the third and final article in a three-part series on nursing boards' disciplinary actions and what nurses need to know to maintain their license in good standing. This article discusses strategies for protecting your license.
Broer Peter N PN Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn, - - 2012
Plastic surgeons often approach nasal aesthetic evaluation with the aid of seemingly objective measurements. However, ideal measurements of an attractive nose, as suggested in the literature, might not apply on a cross-cultural basis. Given these controversies, this study aimed to investigate the cultural and ethnic impact on nasal shape preferences. ...
Park Joo Hyun JH Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2012
The authors present the senior author's experience and evolution of techniques with the use of autologous costal cartilage grafts in Asian rhinoplasty. Eighty-three patients who had rhinoseptoplasty with autologous costal cartilage grafts were included in this retrospective review. The types of grafts, complications related to the graft itself and graft ...
Lee Sunggun - - 2012
Sarcopenic obesity is a body composition category in which obesity is accompanied by low skeletal muscle mass, offsetting the increase in body weight caused by increased adipose tissue. The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between knee osteoarthritis (OA) and 4 different categories of body composition: normal, ...
Butala Parag P Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery Laboratory, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, - - 2012
The graying of our population has motivated the authors to better understand age-related impairments in wound healing. To increase research throughput, the authors hypothesized that the Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome Zmpste24-deficient (Zmpste24(-/-)) mouse could serve as a model of senescent wound healing. Using a stented excisional wound closure model, the authors ...
Ryder Nathan - - 2012
Trichomonas has been reported to be rare in Australia's major cities while remaining very common in some extremely remote Aboriginal communities. This study examined the Trichomonas prevalence and relationship to remoteness among patients attending sexual health clinics in rural and remote areas of New South Wales, Australia. During the period ...
Kuijpers-Jagtman Anne Marie - - 2012
The extensive study presented by Toma and coworkers is one of the first presenting normative three-dimensional soft tissue face data derived from a large group of 15-year-old Caucasians using laser surface scanning. This data is not only important to quantify facial variation in a normal population but can help to ...
Santiveri Clara M - - 2012
According to biochemical assays, the Bcl-2 protein Diva from mouse regulates programmed cell death by heterodimerizing with other members of the family and by interacting with the apoptotic protease-activating factor Apaf-1. In typical Bcl-2 heterodimers, peptide fragments comprising the Bcl-2 homology domain 3 (BH3 domain) of proapoptotic members are capable ...
Chilakala S K - - 2012
Urachal diverticulum is an infrequent finding and its perforation as a cause of fetal urinary ascites has not been reported before. This is a case report on an infant with antenatal diagnosis of fetal ascites. This infant was delivered via cesarean section and needed mechanical ventilation owing to a massive ...
Nelson Roxanne - - 2012
Task shifting and sharing may provide one solution.
Richter Frank - - 2012
Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is considered a proinflammatory cytokine, but whether neuronal IL-17 receptors contribute to the generation of arthritic pain is unknown. This study was undertaken to explore whether IL-17A acts on neurons, whether it sensitizes joint nociceptors, and whether neutralization of IL-17 is antinociceptive. We recorded action potentials from rat ...
Hotton Anna L - - 2012
Serosorting, selecting sex partners of the same HIV status, may be associated with increased risk of sexually transmitted infection (STI). We examined the association between unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) with a seroconcordant partner and STIs among HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM) at an urban lesbian, gay, bisexual, ...
Jones Barry M BM King Edward VII's Sister Agnes Hospital, London and Glasgow, United Kingdom. - - 2012
The longevity of face-lift surgery is a key question that has not been adequately addressed by previous studies. No study has used standardized photographs, objective measurements, or validated subjective scoring systems. From 2001 to 2011, photographs were standardized in this institution. Fifty primary face-lift patients were assessed 5.5 years after ...
Rodriguez-Hart Cristina - - 2012
Undiagnosed sexually transmitted infections (STIs) may be common in the adult film industry because performers frequently engage in unprotected oral and anal intercourse, STIs are often asymptomatic, and the industry relies on urine-based testing. Between mid-May and mid-September 2010, a consecutive sample of adult film industry performers recruited from a ...
Ahmed Anisuddin - - 2012
In Bangladesh, male clients (MCs) of female sex workers (FSWs) represent diverse occupational categories from different socioeconomic strata, and they are considered a bridging group to transmit sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to their spousal and nonspousal female partners. This study aimed to better understand sexual behaviors, STI symptoms, and care-seeking ...
Wells Courtenay A - - 2012
U.S. breastfeeding rates have improved, but we need to do more to support this practice.
Kato So - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN.: A retrospective multi-institutional study. OBJECTIVE.: To clarify the distribution of intraoperative blood loss during cervical laminoplasty for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), and to identify the radiographical risk factors for the occurrence of major blood loss in patients with OPLL undergoing laminoplasty. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: ...
Ahmed Asma - - 2012
Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a common, potentially life threatening medical emergency. It is associated with higher rates of hospitalization, morbidity and mortality in the elderly when compared with younger patients, most likely due to higher prevalence of multiple comorbidities. Age is an independent risk factor for mortality in ...
Anthony Scott A SA Optometry Clinic Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA. - - 2012
PURPOSE.: Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) is a rare immune-mediated neuropathy that commonly presents with diplopia after the acute onset of complete bilateral external ophthalmoplegia. Ophthalmoplegia is often accompanied by other neurological deficits such as ataxia and areflexia that characterize MFS. Although MFS is a clinical diagnosis, serological confirmation is possible ...
Liao Yu-Fang YF Craniofacial Center and the Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Gueishan Township Taiwan. - - 2012
Nasoalveolar molding is increasingly being used to treat unilateral cleft nose deformity before primary repair. The Grayson technique starts nasal molding when an alveolar gap is reduced to 5 mm, whereas the Figueroa technique performs nasal and alveolar molding at the same time. The authors investigated the comparative efficacy, efficiency, ...
Spyridon Michael - - 2012
To estimate the prevalence of self-reported "sensitive eyes" (SEs) in soft contact lens (CL) wearers, evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with SEs, and examine the effect of refitting them with silicone hydrogel lenses. After self-assessment, 2154 CL wearers were separated into SE and non-SE patients. Demographics, biometric data, wearing ...
Sisson Evan M - - 2012
A case report and the evidence for choosing among several available drugs for this patient.
Ravi Bheeshma - - 2012
Most of the evidence regarding complications following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is based on studies of patients with osteoarthritis (OA), with little being known about outcomes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The objective of the present study was to review the current evidence regarding ...
Northey Luke Cameron - - 2012
To establish within-rater repeatability and minimum measurements required for reliable assessment of central corneal thickness (CCT) using Topcon three-dimensional OCT-2000 (Topcon Medical Systems, Oakland, NJ) Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) and to test agreement against ultrasound pachymetry (USP). Twenty participants underwent five scans using FD-OCT followed by five CCT measurements ...
Choudry Umar U Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn 55455, USA. - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the current preferences of plastic surgeons regarding preoperative assessment and their effect on clinical outcome in primary breast augmentation. An eight-question online survey was sent to members of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. Data collected online were analyzed using Student's t ...
Iblher Niklas N Department of Plastic and Hand Surgery, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. - - 2012
Although a multitude of proposed forehead rejuvenation procedures have been described, long-term and systematic morphometric evaluation is rare. There are no studies comparing endoscopic forehead lifts and transpalpebral browpexy techniques according to their efficacy in raising and reshaping the brow. In a retrospective study, standardized photographic documentations of patients undergoing ...
Dini Gal Moreira GM Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Sorocaba, São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2012
Deep vein thrombosis and its most dangerous outcome, pulmonary embolism, are complications with a high incidence in hospitalized patients. In plastic surgery, abdominoplasty is the aesthetic surgery more frequently associated with deep vein thrombosis condition. This study aimed to test the efficacy and safety of oral rivaroxaban for the prevention ...
Huang Johnny X JX Institute for Molecular Bioscience, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, - - 2012
This study utilizes sensitive, modern isothermal titration calorimetric methods to characterize the microscopic thermodynamic parameters that drive the binding of basic drugs to α-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) and thereby rationalize the thermodynamic data in relation to docking models and crystallographic structures of the drug-AGP complexes. The binding of basic compounds from ...
Jund R R Puchheim, - - 2012
A herbal drug combination (Dry Extract BNO 1016) has been assessed for efficacy and tolerability in patients with acute viral rhinosinusitis. In this randomised, controlled trial patients with symptom duration of up to 3 days, mild to moderate facial pain and a Major Symptom Score (MSS) between 8 and 12 ...
Potera Carol - - 2012
'Near-time' readings aren't as accurate and could lead to harm.
Del Vecchio Daniel A DA Division of Plastic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass, USA. - - 2012
A technique of implant exchange is reported using recipient-site preexpansion followed by autologous fat transplantation to the breast in 12 consecutive patients with breast implants who desired implant removal. Recipient-site preexpansion, used 2 weeks before fat grafting, may have both practical and theoretical benefits in increasing the breast subcutaneous space ...
Liu Yu - - 2012
Background:  The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between HbA1c and serum fetuin-A levels in middle-aged and elderly Chinese. Methods:  A total of 3790 subjects (1519 men; 2271 women) aged ≥40 years were enrolled in this cross-sectional study in the Songnan community of Baoshan District, Shanghai, China. ...
Jenkins Wiley D - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Emergency department patients are at increased risk for infection with chlamydia and gonorrhea, but routine screening of asymptomatic patients is problematic. Limiting screening to patients answering the affirmative to 2 questions would reduce the number of tests administered by 51.9%, increase the tested population prevalence to 15.7%, and still ...
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