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Ravi Bheeshma - - 2012
Most of the evidence regarding complications following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is based on studies of patients with osteoarthritis (OA), with little being known about outcomes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The objective of the present study was to review the current evidence regarding ...
Northey Luke Cameron - - 2012
To establish within-rater repeatability and minimum measurements required for reliable assessment of central corneal thickness (CCT) using Topcon three-dimensional OCT-2000 (Topcon Medical Systems, Oakland, NJ) Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) and to test agreement against ultrasound pachymetry (USP). Twenty participants underwent five scans using FD-OCT followed by five CCT measurements ...
Lee Sunggun - - 2012
Sarcopenic obesity is a body composition category in which obesity is accompanied by low skeletal muscle mass, offsetting the increase in body weight caused by increased adipose tissue. The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between knee osteoarthritis (OA) and 4 different categories of body composition: normal, ...
Ryder Nathan - - 2012
Trichomonas has been reported to be rare in Australia's major cities while remaining very common in some extremely remote Aboriginal communities. This study examined the Trichomonas prevalence and relationship to remoteness among patients attending sexual health clinics in rural and remote areas of New South Wales, Australia. During the period ...
Rosenberg Karen - - 2012
Potential effect of inhaled glucocorticoids must be weighed against known benefits.
Zheng Hong-Wei - - 2012
MicroRNAs have recently been shown to regulate the downstream bioprocesses of intracerebral hemorrhage. The aim of this study was to investigate whether miRNAs can be used as biomarkers to predict secondary hematoma enlargement (HE) in patients with ICH. Consecutively, 79 ICH patients admitted within 6 h of symptom onset and 30 ...
Buratti S - - 2012
Major malformations, surgery and persistent pulmonary hypertension (PHT) have been considered contraindications to therapeutic hypothermia (TH) in newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). We report two patients with undiagnosed congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) who developed HIE after birth. Diagnosis of moderate HIE was formulated based on clinical, laboratory and electroencephalographic criteria. ...
Rodriguez-Hart Cristina - - 2012
Undiagnosed sexually transmitted infections (STIs) may be common in the adult film industry because performers frequently engage in unprotected oral and anal intercourse, STIs are often asymptomatic, and the industry relies on urine-based testing. Between mid-May and mid-September 2010, a consecutive sample of adult film industry performers recruited from a ...
Yin Feng - - 2012
To assess the clinical effect of transplantation of human retinal pigment epithelial (hRPE) cells into the unilateral postcommissural putamen for treatment for Parkinson disease (PD). Cells from postmortem human eye tissue (10-20 weeks of gestation) were cultured in vitro. Cells from -generation passage were implanted in PD postcommissural putamen with stereotactic ...
Gallego Augusto Arias - - 2012
The use of monofocal, bifocal, or multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) is a common option to restore the refractive power of the eye in aphakic patients after cataract surgery. In this article, we study the predicted performance of two new designs of IOL, both with extended depth of focus: the quartic ...
Raymond H Fisher - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Serum specimens collected during the 2011 round of National HIV Behavioral Surveillance among men who have sex with men in San Francisco were tested for hepatitis C virus antibodies. Hepatitis C virus infection was found among men who have sex with men with a history of intravenous drug use ...
Brous Edie - - 2012
This is the third and final article in a three-part series on nursing boards' disciplinary actions and what nurses need to know to maintain their license in good standing. This article discusses strategies for protecting your license.
Kuijpers-Jagtman Anne Marie - - 2012
The extensive study presented by Toma and coworkers is one of the first presenting normative three-dimensional soft tissue face data derived from a large group of 15-year-old Caucasians using laser surface scanning. This data is not only important to quantify facial variation in a normal population but can help to ...
Santiveri Clara M - - 2012
According to biochemical assays, the Bcl-2 protein Diva from mouse regulates programmed cell death by heterodimerizing with other members of the family and by interacting with the apoptotic protease-activating factor Apaf-1. In typical Bcl-2 heterodimers, peptide fragments comprising the Bcl-2 homology domain 3 (BH3 domain) of proapoptotic members are capable ...
Margetić Branimir - - 2012
People who become patients in secure hospitals may not understand their situation and have different opinions about the nature of institutionalisation from each other and from staff and the authorities. More knowledge of patient perspectives could improve treatment outcomes. Our aim was to evaluate patients' beliefs about whether placement in ...
Wallis Laura - - 2012
Getting past "We've always done it this way" is crucial.
Zunner Brian P - - 2012
An exploration of bias in health care and how it affects this population.
Gnyawali Subodh - - 2012
To identify the optical needs of students with low vision studying in the integrated schools for the blind in Nepal. A total of 779 blind and vision-impaired students studying in 67 integrated schools for the blind across Nepal were examined using the World Health Organization/Prevention of Blindness Eye Examination Record ...
do Nascimento Antônia Sâmia F - - 2012
A lectin from seeds of Dioclea lasiocarpa (DLL) was purified in a single step by affinity chromatography in a Sephadex G-50 column. DLL haemagglutinated rabbit erythrocytes showing stability even after 1 h of exposure to a different pH values (optimal between pH 6.0 and 8.0) but was inhibited after incubation with ...
Ahmed Anisuddin - - 2012
In Bangladesh, male clients (MCs) of female sex workers (FSWs) represent diverse occupational categories from different socioeconomic strata, and they are considered a bridging group to transmit sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to their spousal and nonspousal female partners. This study aimed to better understand sexual behaviors, STI symptoms, and care-seeking ...
- - 2012
The American Journal of Nursing is a peer-reviewed journal. Nurses and other practitioners serve as peer reviewers, sharing with us their expertise in health care, research, and all aspects of nursing practice. They are essential to ensure the quality of the manuscripts we publish. We are pleased to acknowledge and ...
Chilakala S K - - 2012
Urachal diverticulum is an infrequent finding and its perforation as a cause of fetal urinary ascites has not been reported before. This is a case report on an infant with antenatal diagnosis of fetal ascites. This infant was delivered via cesarean section and needed mechanical ventilation owing to a massive ...
Ahmed Asma - - 2012
Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a common, potentially life threatening medical emergency. It is associated with higher rates of hospitalization, morbidity and mortality in the elderly when compared with younger patients, most likely due to higher prevalence of multiple comorbidities. Age is an independent risk factor for mortality in ...
Spyridon Michael - - 2012
To estimate the prevalence of self-reported "sensitive eyes" (SEs) in soft contact lens (CL) wearers, evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with SEs, and examine the effect of refitting them with silicone hydrogel lenses. After self-assessment, 2154 CL wearers were separated into SE and non-SE patients. Demographics, biometric data, wearing ...
Henderson Susan - - 2012
The passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 has helped reshape primary care by funding the development of care approaches that better integrate and coordinate services, such as the patient-centered medical home (PCMH). Primary care practices that adopt this model offer the comprehensive, patient-centered care ...
Jolliffe Darrick - - 2012
Systematic reviews of the relationship between non-manipulated factors (e.g. low empathy) and offending are becoming more common, and it is important to consider the methodological quality of studies included in such reviews. To assess aspects of the reliability and validity of the Cambridge Quality Checklists, a set of three measures ...
Sidler Jan A - - 2012
Viral nosocomial infections (NIs) in children are common and most frequently affect the gastrointestinal or respiratory tract. Few studies are dedicated to this topic. We aimed to determine incidence and characteristics of these specific viral NIs at our hospital. This was a retrospective analysis of nosocomial gastroenteritis and respiratory tract ...
Schneider Jessica - - 2012
Wickerhamomyces ciferrii is a microorganism characterized by the production and secretion of large amounts of acetylated sphingoid bases, in particular tetraacetyl phytosphingosine. Here, we present the 15.90-Mbp draft genome sequence of W. ciferrii NRRL Y-1031 F-60-10 generated by pyrosequencing and de novo assembly. The draft genome sequence comprising 364 contigs ...
Lin Feng - - 2012
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a mild decline in single or multiple cognitive domains, while global cognition and basic activities of daily living remain intact. Nurses play an important role in early detection of MCI and providing care to maintain maximum independence for individuals with MCI. This article seeks to ...
McInnes Kerry J - - 2012
11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type I (11βHSD1) regenerates active cortisol from inert cortisone in adipose tissue. Elevated adipose tissue 11βHSD1 activity is observed in obese humans and rodents, where it is linked to obesity and its metabolic consequences. Menopause is also associated with increased abdominal fat accumulation, suggesting that estrogen is also ...
Jeong Haeyoung - - 2012
Kluyveromyces marxianus is a thermotolerant yeast that has been explored for potential use in biotechnological applications, such as production of biofuels, single-cell proteins, enzymes, and other heterologous proteins. Here, we present the high-quality draft of the 10.9-Mb genome of K. marxianus var. marxianus KCTC 17555 (= CBS 6556 = ATCC ...
Yang Rong Ya - - 2012
This is the first report of the genome sequence of Trichosporon asahii environmental strain CBS 8904, which was isolated from maize cobs. Comparison of the genome sequence with that of clinical strain CBS 2479 revealed that they have >99% chromosomal and mitochondrial sequence identity, yet CBS 8904 has 368 specific ...
Fagiolini Andrea - - 2012
Trazodone is a triazolopyridine derivative that belongs to the class of serotonin receptor antagonists and reuptake inhibitors (SARIs). The drug is approved and marketed in several countries worldwide for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adult patients. In clinical studies, trazodone has demonstrated comparable antidepressant activity to other ...
Güçlü Oğuz - - 2012
We investigated whether the maxillary sinus plays a stimulatory role in nasal nitric oxide (NO) synthesis. Research on sinusitis and nasal polyps has found low NO levels in exhaled air and linked this to obstruction of the ostium. However, the major source of NO in exhaled air is thought to ...
Aversa S - - 2012
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are considered drugs of choice for treating nasal polyps (NPs). However, a subset of patients shows a limited clinical response even to high doses of GCs. Altered expression of glucocorticoid receptors (GRs), namely GR-alpha; and GR-beta;, is a potential mechanism underlying GC insensitivity. GCs modulate the expression of ...
Wright Elizabeth A EA Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2012
To study the risk factors for revision of primary total hip replacement (THR) in a US population-based sample. Using Medicare claims, we identified beneficiaries from 29 US states who underwent primary THR between July 1, 1995 and June 30, 1996, with followup through December 31, 2008. Potential cases had International ...
Anthony Scott A SA Optometry Clinic Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA. - - 2012
PURPOSE.: Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) is a rare immune-mediated neuropathy that commonly presents with diplopia after the acute onset of complete bilateral external ophthalmoplegia. Ophthalmoplegia is often accompanied by other neurological deficits such as ataxia and areflexia that characterize MFS. Although MFS is a clinical diagnosis, serological confirmation is possible ...
Nijhawan Ank E AE Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. - - 2012
Trichomonas vaginalis is the most prevalent curable sexually transmitted infection in the United States and may lead to preterm delivery, infertility, and increased HIV transmission. Incarcerated women may be at especially high risk for infection, although few studies have examined routine screening for Trichomonas infection in this population. Women older ...
Sun Shuying S Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research and Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California, - - 2012
A new study shows that loss of the lariat debranching enzyme Dbr1 suppresses TDP-43 toxicity. The accumulated intronic lariat RNAs, which are normally degraded after splicing, likely act as decoys to sequester TDP-43 away from binding to and disrupting functions of other RNAs.
Alvarez Tara L TL Department of Biomedical Engineering, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, New Jersey 07102, USA. - - 2012
This study assessed the prevalence of convergence insufficiency (CI) with and without simultaneous vision dysfunctions within the traumatic brain injury (TBI) sample population because although CI is commonly reported with TBI, the prevalence of concurrent visual dysfunctions with CI in TBI is unknown. A retrospective analysis of 557 medical records ...
Jund R R Puchheim, - - 2012
A herbal drug combination (Dry Extract BNO 1016) has been assessed for efficacy and tolerability in patients with acute viral rhinosinusitis. In this randomised, controlled trial patients with symptom duration of up to 3 days, mild to moderate facial pain and a Major Symptom Score (MSS) between 8 and 12 ...
Marín-Franch Iván I Indiana University School of Optometry, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA. - - 2012
Measurement of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness using optical coherence tomography (OCT) is commonly used in the detection and management of glaucoma. The Stratus OCT (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Dublin, CA) is widely used, but image acquisition is subject to artifacts, such as those caused by normal fixational eye ...
Grimes Matthew M School of Medicine, Departments of Neurology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, - - 2012
Although azithromycin promised to be a safe and effective single-dose oral treatment of early syphilis, azithromycin treatment failure has been documented and is associated with mutations in the 23S rDNA of corresponding Treponema pallidum strains. The prevalence of strains harboring these mutations varies throughout the United States and the world. ...
Rinker Brian B Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Ky 40536-0284, USA. - - 2012
Acellular dermal matrices are commonly used in breast reconstruction but add cost to the procedure and have been associated with complications. Dermal autograft may represent a useful alternative to matrices. Sixteen patients (26 breasts) underwent breast reconstruction using tissue expanders and dermal autograft. Their ages ranged from 41 to 66 ...
Del Vecchio Daniel A DA Division of Plastic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass, USA. - - 2012
A technique of implant exchange is reported using recipient-site preexpansion followed by autologous fat transplantation to the breast in 12 consecutive patients with breast implants who desired implant removal. Recipient-site preexpansion, used 2 weeks before fat grafting, may have both practical and theoretical benefits in increasing the breast subcutaneous space ...
Lequeux Charlotte C Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA. - - 2012
This pilot study examined the efficacy of 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine-labeled autologous adipose-derived stem cells seeded onto collagen scaffolds to augment and/or regenerate the fat-enriched hypodermal tissue in an acute porcine wound model. Porcine autologous adipose-derived stem cells were isolated and cultured. At passage 2, the cells were labeled with 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine, seeded onto ...
Fallucco Michael M Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, - - 2012
Current literature for surgical deactivation of frontal migraine trigger points does not incorporate decompression of the supraorbital foramen or fascial bands at the supraorbital rim (frontal exit) as part of the surgical procedure. To evaluate this primary compression site for the supraorbital nerve, anatomical dissections were performed and a classification ...
Haddock Nicholas T NT New York University Langone Medical Center, Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York, NY, USA. - - 2012
Free tissue transfer to improve bulk and contour in facial deformities has been proven useful, yet refinements that turn an acceptable result into an excellent result are essential to reconstruction. The authors reviewed their experience and described these refinements. The charts of 371 free tissue transfer cases (1989 to 2010) ...
Lakhiani Chrisovalantis C Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, - - 2012
The most untoward aspect of the anterolateral thigh is the complexity of the local vasculature. Failure to understand its variability can lead to vascular flap embarrassment and tissue loss. The authors present a comprehensive summary of the vascular anatomy of the anterolateral thigh. A MEDLINE search was performed for articles ...
Lin Chih-Hung CH Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. - - 2012
Thumb amputations proximal to the metacarpophalangeal joint inevitably result in destruction of the thenar musculature and secondary loss of opposition. Opposable tripod pinch is one of the essential goals in toe-to-thumb reconstruction. Pronation osteosynthesis is the traditional method of restoring opposition, but a simultaneous opponensplasty may turn this static process ...
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