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Results 501 - 550 of 2474
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Elliott Jonathan T - - 2012
In many cases, kinetic modeling requires that the arterial input function (AIF)-the time-dependent arterial concentration of a tracer-be characterized. A straightforward method to measure the AIF of red and near-infrared optical dyes (e.g., indocyanine green) using a pulse oximeter is presented. The method is motivated by the ubiquity of pulse ...
Freire Marcelo Oliveira - - 2012
Bone engineering strategies often exploit modulation of the extracellular environment, including delivery of exogenous growth factors to regenerate damaged tissues. We have recently reported a different approach, referred to as "antibody mediated osseous regeneration" (AMOR), which exploits the specificity of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to capture endogenous osteogenic growth factors produced ...
Ozbay Lara Aygen - - 2012
The calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) cyclosporine (CsA) and tacrolimus (Tac) are implicated in post-transplant complications such as cardiovascular morbidity. Prostanoids are fatty acid-derived compounds essential for controlling cardiovascular homeostasis. We tested the hypothesis that CNIs suppress cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-derived prostacyclin (PGI) and increase thromboxane synthesis in humans. Ten healthy men underwent 5-h ...
Cannizzaro Michael S - - 2012
This study examined the narrative discourse production and executive function (EF) abilities of 46 neuro-typical adults (18-98 years old). Two questions were addressed: Is the analysis of narrative structure sensitive to changes associated with aging? & What is the relationship between measures of narrative structure and EF? Narratives were elicited under ...
Amaku Marcos - - 2012
We address the observation that, in some cases, patients infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) are cleared of HCV when super-infected with the hepatitis A virus (HAV). We hypothesise that this phenomenon can be explained by the competitive exclusion principle, including the action of the immune system, and show ...
Liu Wei - - 2012
UV-induced DNA damage plays a key role in the etiology of certain diseases. The ability of blueberry anthocyanins and anthocyanidins (BA) to protect cellular DNA from UV-induced damage was investigated. BA were extracted by water (BAW), ethanol (BAE) or methanol (BAM). These extracts partially restored proliferation of UV-irradiated HepG2 cells ...
Moustsen V A - - 2012
To reduce mortality among suckling piglets, lactating sows are traditionally housed in farrowing crates. Alternatively, lactating sows can be housed in farrowing pens where the sow is loose to ensure more behavioural freedom and consequently a better welfare for the sow, although under commercial conditions, farrowing pens have been associated ...
Tassidis Helena - - 2012
ABSTACT: Src homology 2 domain-containing tyrosine phosphatase-2 (SHP-2) is an important regulator of cell signaling because of its ability to dephosphorylate receptors of growth factors as well as the cytokines and tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins associated with these receptors. In the current study, we used four different prostate cancer cell lines: PC3, ...
Mikhal Julia - - 2012
A volume-penalizing immersed boundary method is presented for the simulation of laminar incompressible flow inside geometrically complex blood vessels in the human brain. We concentrate on cerebral aneurysms and compute flow in curved brain vessels with and without spherical aneurysm cavities attached. We approximate blood as an incompressible Newtonian fluid ...
de Aguiar Cordeiro R - - 2012
The Cryptococcus neoformans species complex contains the most important agents of fungal meningoencephalitis. Therapeutic choices are limited and issues related to toxicity and resistance to antifungals have been described. The present study evaluated the inhibitory effect of the antifolate combinations sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (SMX/TMP) and sulfadiazine-pyrimethamine (SDZ/PYR) against planktonic cells and biofilms ...
Lafleur Josiane P - - 2012
The suitable optical properties of thiol-ene polymers combined with the ease of modifying their surface for the attachment of recognition molecules make them ideal candidates in many biochip applications. This paper reports the rapid one-step photochemical surface patterning of biomolecules in microfluidic thiol-ene chips. This work focuses on thiol-ene substrates ...
Chang Jhi-Kai - - 2012
This study aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of tramadol 37.5 mg/acetaminophen 325 mg combination tablets (Ultracet®) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). This was a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Sixty patients with active AS according to the Modified New York Criteria were enrolled. Active disease was defined by Bath ...
Huang Chun-Ta - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To identify factors for differentiating roseola infantum from urinary tract infection (UTI) and to describe a cohort of infants diagnosed with roseola infantum and sterile pyuria. METHODS: We examined medical records of infants diagnosed with roseola infantum or UTI. Multivariable analysis was performed to identify factors associated with UTI. ...
D'Aléo Anthony - - 2012
A series of six boron difluoride complexes of 3-hydroxyflavone derivatives is described. These dyes were synthesized very simply and exhibited bright visible emission in solution (up to unity) as well as emission in the solid state. Complexation to boron difluoride was shown to impart donor-acceptor character to the excited state ...
Komatsu Fuminari - - 2012
Minimally invasive surgery to the posterolateral craniovertebral junction (CVJ) has not been sufficiently described. The aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility of an endoscopic far-lateral approach to the posterolateral craniocervical junction and to better understand the related anatomy under distorted endoscopic view. Ten fresh cadavers were studied ...
Leroy Roos - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The present study explored the objective and subjective oral health care needs and the association between both among Belgian adults with disabilities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A two-stage sampling methodology was used to select a sample of adults (22-65 years old) with disabilities, from various types of residential settings, day care ...
Yamaguchi Masaya - - 2012
Streptococcus pyogenes causes a broad spectrum of infectious diseases, including pharyngitis, skin infections, and invasive necrotizing fasciitis. The initial phase of infection involves colonization, followed by intimate contact with the host cells, thus promoting bacterial uptake by them. S. pyogenes recognizes fibronectin (Fn) through its own Fn-binding proteins to obtain ...
E Lima Mariana Toledo Biscaia Raposo Mourão - - 2012
Complex physical therapy is the main treatment for the secondary lymphedema after breast cancer. The low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been used in order to stimulate lymphangiogenesis, encourage lymphatic motility, and reduce lymphostatic fibrosis. However, these factors could also favor the development of recurrence and metastasis. The objective of this ...
Gerberich Brandon G - - 2012
Patterned scaffold surfaces provide a platform for highly defined cellular interactions, and have recently taken precedence in tissue engineering. Despite advances in patterning techniques and improved tissue growth, no clinical studies have been conducted for implantation of patterned biomaterials. Four major clinical application fields where patterned materials hold great promise ...
- - 2012
To the Editor: With regard to the article by Kelly et al. (Sept. 6 issue)(1): in principle, the children could become shorter adults because of therapy, as the authors conclude, or they could become taller because of continued wheezing. Height depends on shape as well as bone length. At rest, ...
Zhou Xue - - 2012
The hypothesis for the etiology of schizophrenia involves various neurotransmitters, including 5-HT. Metabolic disorder of 5-HT is an important underlying neurobiochemical cause leading to the development of mental illness. Abnormality in the receptors involved in 5-HT synthesis and metabolism may affect the functioning of 5-HT in the central nervous system. ...
Magdy Emad A - - 2012
First branchial cleft (FBC) anomalies are uncommon. The aim of this retrospective clinical study is to describe our experience in dealing with these sporadically reported lesions. Eighteen cases presenting with various FBC anomalies managed surgically during an 8-year period at a tertiary referral medical institution were included. Ten were males ...
Al-Khedery Basima - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Anaplasma phagocytophilum is an intracellular organism in the Order Rickettsiales that infects diverse animal species and is causing an emerging disease in humans, dogs and horses. Different strains have very different cell tropisms and virulence. For example, in the U.S., strains have been described that infect ruminants but ...
Leung Ka-Ho - - 2012
A G-quadruplex-selective luminescent iridium(iii) switch-on probe has been developed for the detection of cysteine (Cys) in aqueous solution. The system is highly sensitive and selective towards Cys with a tunable range of detection. The detection of glutathione (GSH) is also examined.
Soto Paul L - - 2012
RATIONALE: Studies investigating dopamine D(2) receptor antagonism of cocaine's discriminative stimulus effects have resulted in varied effects possibly due to the use of different antagonists, species, and procedures. OBJECTIVES: The present study sought to further investigate D(2) antagonism of cocaine's discriminative stimulus effects using a variety of D(2) antagonists and ...
Dupuy Célie - - 2012
A multibiomarker approach was developed on juvenile Atlantic tomcod (Microgadus tomcod) to evaluate the pertinence of this approach for low-cost screening assessment of the environmental quality of various coastal sites within estuaries. Several biometric indices and biomarkers (ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity, metallothionein concentration, and immune responses) were investigated on immature and ...
Lombard Jay - - 2012
Psychiatric disorders are a leading cause of disability worldwide and despite significant pharmacologic advances, often remain difficult to diagnose correctly and treat fully. Factors which contribute to these difficulties include imprecise understanding of etiology, syndromal nature of many disorders and overlap in diagnostic criteria between conditions, medical and psychiatric comorbidity ...
Heinbokel Timm - - 2012
Aging affects all compartments of the immune response and has a major impact on transplant outcome and organ quality. Although clinical trials in the aging transplant population remain rare, our current understanding of immunosenescence provides a basis for an age-adapted immunosuppression and organ allocation with the goal to optimize utilization ...
Louhichi Nacim - - 2012
Lamellar ichthyosis (LI, MIM# 242300) is a severe autosomal recessive genodermatosis present at birth in the form of collodion membrane covering the neonate. Mutations in the TGM1 gene encoding transglutaminase-1 are a major cause of LI. In this study molecular analysis of two LI Tunisian patients revealed a common nonsense ...
Rusu Mugurel Constantin - - 2012
This study aimed to evaluate by immunohistochemistry and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) the morphological features of the oral mucosa endothelial tip cells (ETCs) and to determine the immune and ultrastructural patterns of the stromal nonimmune cells which could influence healing processes. Immune labeling was performed on bioptic samples obtained from ...
- - 2012
To the Editor: The study by Gler et al. (June 7 issue)(1) provides a needed reminder regarding the development pipeline for drugs for tuberculosis and multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis.(2) Delamanid with bedaquiline is increasing the potential for improving current regimens for tuberculosis. In their editorial in the same issue, Chaisson and ...
Singh Tajinder P - - 2012
To the Editor: The selection of controls in observational studies is challenging. The propensity-score methods use baseline variables as predictors and group assignment as the outcome.(1) The resulting model is applied to identify controls whose probability of receiving the intervention is close to that of patients who do receive the ...
Goto Taichiro - - 2012
Pulmonary sequestration describes a rare congenital mass of nonfunctional pulmonary tissue with an aberrant systemic arterial supply. Conventionally, the mass is removed surgically, but this carries a risk of serious and potentially fatal hemorrhage from the aberrant arteries during the operation. We describe how we performed coil embolization of the ...
Blume Moritz - - 2012
We present a novel joint image and motion reconstruction method for PET. The method is based on gated data and reconstructs an image together with a motion function. The motion function can be used to transform the reconstructed image to any of the input gates. All available events (from all ...
Ferran Marta - - 2012
Streptococcal throat infection is associated with a specific variant of psoriasis and with HLA-Cw6 expression. In this study, activation of circulating psoriatic cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen (CLA)(+) memory T cells cultured together with epidermal cells occurred only when streptococcal throat extracts were added. This triggered the production of Th1, Th17, and ...
Wei W - - 2012
Dual-specificity phosphatases (DUSPs) is an emerging subclass of the protein tyrosine phosphatase gene superfamily, a heterogeneous group of protein phosphatases that can dephosphorylate both phosphotyrosine and phosphoserine/phosphothreonine residues within the one substrate. Recently, a series of investigations of DUSPs defined their essential roles in cell proliferation, cancer and the immune ...
Palle Nanna - - 2012
The purpose was to investigate an intervention model for treating preschool children with phonological processes. Six children, three girls and three boys, between 4y 1m and 5y 7m, with similar developmental phonological disorder (PD) received an individually adjusted intervention including articulatory, phonological, and meta-phonological approaches. A single-subject multiple-baseline design with ...
Walton Raquel M - - 2012
Identification of neural stem and progenitor cells (NPCs) in vitro and in vivo is essential to the use of developmental and disease models of neurogenesis. The dog is a valuable large animal model for multiple neurodegenerative diseases and is more closely matched to humans than rodents with respect to brain ...
Olagunju Andrew T - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Co-morbidity of depressive symptomatology is a common indication for use of mental health services in oncology. In this regard, screening instruments are useful for prompt identification of mental disorders in cancer. This study is set to evaluate the diagnostic validity of Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale Revised (CES-DR) ...
Kalume Moïse Kasereka - - 2012
This study aimed to identify tick species and to determine their relationship with the Theileria parva seroprevalence in cattle raised under an extensive farming system in North Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo in two agro-ecological zones namely medium (1,000-1,850 m) and high (>1,850 m) altitude. Among the 3,215 ticks collected on ...
Müller Tobias - - 2012
The base is a key factor in aldol reactions in organic media, determining the selectivity. Here, we describe a tetrahedral phenylboronate salt as a mild non-nucleophilic base that is able to catalyse the aldol reaction and significantly decrease the formation of undesired elimination products.
- - 2012
Many palaeoclimate studies have quantified pre-anthropogenic climate change to calculate climate sensitivity (equilibrium temperature change in response to radiative forcing change), but a lack of consistent methodologies produces a wide range of estimates and hinders comparability of results. Here we present a stricter approach, to improve intercomparison of palaeoclimate sensitivity ...
Di Napoli Claudia - - 2012
We have investigated the ability of dual-frequency Coherent Antistokes Raman Scattering (D-CARS) micro-spectroscopy, based on femtosecond pulses (100 fs or 5 fs) spectrally focussed by glass dispersion, to distinguish the chemical composition of micron-sized lipid droplets consisting of different triglycerides types (poly-unsaturated glyceryl trilinolenate, mono-unsaturated glyceryl trioleate and saturated glyceryl ...
Tveiten O V - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: There are limited data on treatment effect in early and drug-naïve Parkinson's disease (PD) outside of clinical trials. We sought to review the treatment effects on motor symptoms in early, unselected PD patients. METHODS: We included 183 drug-naïve patients from a longitudinal cohort (The Norwegian ParkWest study). At the ...
Wang Hailin - - 2012
A facile and universal approach is reported for the preparation of silica particles of various mesostructures based on the self-assembly of amphiphilic precursor polymers in water and subsequent condensation. Depending on the hydrophilization degree of hyperbranched polyethoxysiloxane, various silica morphologies including mesoporous particles, hollow nanospheres and ultrasmall particles with high ...
Donmez-Altuntas Hamiyet - - 2012
Patulin (PAT) is a fungal secondary metabolite commonly present in apples and apple products. In the present study, PAT was evaluated for its genotoxic, cytotoxic and cytostatic effects to human peripheral blood lymphocytes by using the cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome (CBMN Cyt) assay. Lymphocyte cultures were treated with PAT at the ...
van den Bosch Remco C E - - 2012
Most massive galaxies have supermassive black holes at their centres, and the masses of the black holes are believed to correlate with properties of the host-galaxy bulge component. Several explanations have been proposed for the existence of these locally established empirical relationships, including the non-causal, statistical process of galaxy-galaxy merging, ...
Favier Judith - - 2012
To the Editor: Zhuang et al. (Sept. 6 issue)(1) report HIF2A somatic mutations in two patients with paraganglioma. In a recent transcriptome analysis of a large number of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas, we identified 16 sporadic tumors with a transcription signature similar to that of VHL-mutated tumors.(2) There was somatic inactivation ...
Schaaf Wolfgang - - 2012
The objective of this paper is to present observations, results from monitoring measurements, and preliminary conclusions about the development of patterns and structures during the first 5 years of development of an artificial catchment starting from point zero. We discuss the high relevance of initial system traits and external events for ...
Richardson Andrew D - - 2012
Nonstructural carbohydrate reserves support tree metabolism and growth when current photosynthates are insufficient, offering resilience in times of stress. We monitored stemwood nonstructural carbohydrate (starch and sugars) concentrations of the dominant tree species at three sites in the northeastern United States. We estimated the mean age of the starch and ...
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