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Results 401 - 450 of 2820
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Korbee Rebecca S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: There are no data regarding the long-term prognostic value of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in obese patients. The aim of this study was to examine the value of stress (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin MPI findings for the prediction of very long-term outcome in obese patients. METHODS: The ...
Zhou Xiaoxia - - 2012
The hierarchically porous and iron-functionalized zeolite ZSM-5 has been fabricated as a Fenton photocatalyst by a facile post-treatment process, which exhibits an excellent visible-light catalytic property in the adsorption/degradation of organic pollutants under mild reaction conditions.
Zeng Fu-Ren - - 2012
X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1), a DNA repair enzyme, plays a crucial role in the base excision repair by generating a single nucleotide repair patch. It has been demonstrated that the XRCC1 Arg399Gln gene polymorphism was associated with variations in XRCC1 enzyme activity. The aim of this study was ...
Liu Yang - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Findings from previous studies on socioeconomic inequalities in alcohol use among adolescents are not consistent. This study examined and compared the relationship between socioeconomic status and alcohol use of adolescents in China and Finland. METHODS: The sample included 2,005 Chinese and 1,685 Finnish 15-year-old school children. The associations between ...
Halbfass Philipp - - 2012
Three-dimensional (3-D) mapping systems are of great value for the diagnosis and ablation of cardiac arrhythmias. If applied appropriately, 3-D mapping systems (3DM) can reduce fluoroscopy and procedural time. In general, two advanced mapping systems are currently in use: the CARTO™ system (Biosense Webster) uses ultralow-intensity magnetic fields to locate ...
He Chaoyu - - 2012
Using the first-principles method, we investigate the energetic stability, dynamic stability and electronic properties of two viable three-dimensional (3D) carbon semiconductors with an entirely sp(2) configuration, sp(2)-diamond and cubic-graphite. Both allotropes are more stable than the previously proposed K4-carbon and T-carbon and were confirmed to be dynamically stable. Interestingly, sp(2)-diamond ...
Zhen-Bo Tu - - 2012
Background/Aims: To clarify any association between the hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism and susceptibility to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methodology: The PubMed, CNKI databases were searched for all available articles. The OR corresponding to the 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was used to assess the association between hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism and susceptibility to ...
Deary Michael E - - 2012
Our recent work has provided new insights into the equilibria and species that exist in aqueous solution at different pHs for the boric acid - hydrogen peroxide system, and the role of these species in oxidation reactions. Most recently, (M. C. Durrant, D. M. Davies and M. E. Deary, Org. ...
Wang Feng - - 2012
The mycelia of Trametes versicolor immobilized in alginate beads provided higher laccase production than that in pelleted form. An efficient ultrasonic treatment enhanced laccase production from the immobilized T. versicolor cultures. The optimized treatment process consisted of exposing 36-h-old bead cultures to 7-min ultrasonic treatments twice with a 12-h interval ...
Adeniyi Adebayo A - - 2012
In this work several quantum properties including the NEDA and QTAIM are computed on three models of rapta-C complexes using DFT with hybrid functional and basis set with ECP and without ECP. Several interesting correlations within the observed properties and also with the reported experimental behaviors of these complexes including ...
Yu Yong - - 2012
Here we report the use of sulfuric acid as a catalyst for the facile and homogeneous synthesis of core-shell SiO(2)@TiO(2) nanocomposites using simple apparatus, under ambient pressure and temperature. The resultant SiO(2)@TiO(2) exhibits an ideal core-shell structure with uniform nanoscale TiO(2) coverage. The shell thickness of SiO(2)@TiO(2) can be conveniently ...
Toscano Giuseppe - - 2012
Propylene glycol (PG) is a main component of aircraft deicing fluids and its extensive use in Northern airports is a source of soil and groundwater contamination. Bacterial consortia able to grow on PG as sole carbon and energy source were selected from soil samples taken along the runways of Oslo ...
Poulsen Jon W - - 2012
Protein digestion is an integral part of the 'shotgun' proteomics approach and commonly requires overnight incubation prior to mass spectrometry analysis. Quadruplicate 'shotgun' proteomic analysis of whole yeast lysate demonstrated that Guanidine-Hydrochloride (Gnd-HCl) protein digestion can be optimally completed within 30 minutes with endoprotease Lys-C. No chemical artifacts were introduced ...
Hammerstad Sara Salehi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Transient postoperative hypocalcemia is one of the most common complications after thyroidectomy. Permanent hypocalcemia, however, is rare, but usually requires life-long treatment and follow-up. The risk of permanent hypocalcemia has been shown to be significantly higher in patients with Graves' disease. In the present study we evaluated short-term and ...
Chai Weidong - - 2012
The enteropathogenic coronavirus transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) causes severe disease in young piglets. We have studied the protective effects of the probiotic Enterococcus faecium NCIMB 10415 (E. faecium), which is approved as a feed additive in the European Union, against TGEV infection. E. faecium was added to swine testicle (ST) ...
Cherouveim Evgenia D - - 2012
This study examined the effect of gender on breath-hold time (BHT). Sixteen healthy subjects, eight males (M) and eight females (F), aged 18-30 years, without breath-hold (BH) experience, performed: (a) a pulmonary function test, (b) an incremental cycle ergometer test to exhaustion and (c) a BH protocol, which included eight repeated ...
Soejima Yuji - - 2012
Reconstruction of inferior vena cava (IVC) defects after surgical resection of the IVC is associated with significant complications, such as venous thrombosis and graft infection. We herein report a new technique called "tube cavoplasty" that uses only autologous venous grafts to reconstruct IVC defects after resection of leiomyosarcomas of the ...
Khorsand Fahimeh - - 2012
3-Hydroxybutyrate, one of the main blood ketone bodies, has been considered as a critical indicator for diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis. Biosensors designed for detection of 3-hydroxybutyrate with advantages of precision, easiness and speedy performance have attracted increasing attention. This study attempted to develop a 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase-based biosensor in which single-walled ...
Riese Harriëtte - - 2012
The Twin Interdisciplinary Neuroticism Study (TWINS) is a three-wave study including >800 twin pairs from the northern part of the Netherlands. The aim of the study is to unravel why neuroticism reflects vulnerability to mental disorders. In this study, we focus on possible mechanisms underlying this vulnerability and their genetic ...
Hetsroni Iftach - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test whether low-grade Lachman test (i.e. Grade 0-1+) and a negative pivot shift at 6-12 weeks post-ACL rupture in recreational alpine skiers can be used to predict good function and normal knee laxity in nonoperated patients at minimum 2 years after the injury. METHODS: ...
Nilsen Thomas S - - 2012
We describe the importance of the Norwegian Twin Registry (NTR) for research in public health and provide examples from several programs of twin research at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH), including the Nordic Twin Study of Cancer, our epigenetics platform, and our large program of research in mental ...
Takahashi Koichi - - 2012
The efficacy of sequential therapy of pazufloxacin (PZFX), which is a parenteral fluoroquinolone, followed by oral fluoroquinolones [tosufloxacin tosilate (TFLX) or levofloxacin (LVFX)] for treatment of pyelonephritis, was evaluated. Patients with pyelonephritis who had fever (≥37.5 °C), pyuria (≥10 white blood cells/high-power field), and bacteriuria (≥10(4) colony-forming units/ml) were eligible for ...
Lyon Juliana Pereira - - 2012
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been originally developed for the treatment of cancer, but it has been successfully employed in the treatment of infectious diseases, including fungal infections. Surfactants are amphiphilic compounds that also have antifungal properties. The present work demonstrates the synergic effect of PDT with methylene blue (MB) and ...
Voutsadakis Ioannis A - - 2012
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women and a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Sub-types of breast cancer defined by the expression of steroid hormones and Her2/Neu oncogene have distinct prognosis and undergo different therapies. Besides differing in their phenotype, sub-types of breast cancer display various molecular ...
Henriksen Nadia A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A systemically altered connective tissue metabolism has been demonstrated in patients with abdominal wall hernias. The most pronounced connective tissue changes are found in patients with direct or recurrent inguinal hernias as opposed to patients with indirect inguinal hernias. The aim of the present study was to assess whether ...
Tanabe Saori - - 2012
Upshaw-Schulman syndrome (USS) is caused by a congenital deficit in ADAMTS13 activity owing to genetic mutations. USS is characterized by severe neonatal jaundice with a negative Coombs test and repeated childhood episodes of thrombocytopenia reversible by fresh frozen plasma (FFP) infusions. We present two patients with USS, both of whom ...
Mirasoli Mara - - 2012
A miniaturized multiplex biosensor exploiting a microfluidic oligonucleotide array and chemiluminescence (CL) lensless imaging detection has been developed for parvovirus B19 genotyping. The portable device consists of a reaction chip, comprising a glass slide arrayed with three B19 genotype-specific probes and coupled with a polydimethylsiloxane microfluidic layer, and a charge-coupled ...
Ongaro Michael - - 2012
This review deals with recent advances in bioelectroanalytical applications of nanostructured electrodes, in particular nanoelectrode ensembles (NEEs) and arrays (NEAs). First, nanofabrication techniques, principles of function, and specific advantages and limits of NEEs and NEAs are critically discussed. In the second part, some recent examples of bioelectroanalytical applications are presented. ...
Minelli Alessandro - - 2012
Recording and describing animal 'monsters' collected in the field can still contribute to progress in developmental biology despite the uncontrolled conditions the specimen experienced throughout development. Comparison with model organisms and a sound phylogenetic analysis may offer a tentative explanation for the underlying developmental mechanism and suggest new targets for ...
De Luca Paul A - - 2012
Buzz-pollination is a plant strategy that promotes gamete transfer by requiring a pollinator, typically bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea), to vibrate a flower's anthers in order to extract pollen. Although buzz-pollination is widespread in angiosperms with over 20,000 species using it, little is known about the functional connection between natural variation in ...
Haggård L - - 2012
We aimed at evaluating whether β-glucans could improve low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels and/or glycemic control in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG), in whom statins usually have muscle-related side effects. Fifty-nine MG patients participated in the study and received a daily dietary supplement of 3 g of β-glucans during 8 weeks. ...
Zheng Zhixiang - - 2012
A facile and green method was developed to synthesize the graphene-carbon nanotubes (Gr-CNTs) nanocomposite with a sandwich lamination structure. Pt nanoparticles were loaded on the as-synthesized Gr-CNTs nanocomposite to prepare an electrochemical sensor for determining bisphenol A (BPA) in thermal printing paper. The electrochemical behavior of BPA on the Pt/Gr-CNTs ...
Ganor Y - - 2012
The penile urethra is routinely targeted by sexually transmitted bacterial and viral pathogens, and also represents a probable site for HIV type-1 (HIV-1) entry. Yet, the mechanisms of urethral HIV-1 transmission are unknown. To describe the initial steps of penile HIV-1 entry, we obtained whole penile tissues from individuals undergoing ...
Mogi Ai - - 2012
Malignant cells supply their energy needs through increased glucose consumption, producing large quantities of lactic acid via glycolysis. Glucose transporters (GLUTs) and monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs) are therefore commonly up-regulated in human malignancies to mediate glucose influx and lactic acid efflux, respectively. However, their roles in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) have ...
Chavhan Govind B - - 2012
Postoperative bile leaks are difficult to diagnose because signs and symptoms are nonspecific, and definitive diagnosis requires a drainage catheter to be placed that drains frank bile or fluid that turns out bile on laboratory analysis. Hepatobiliary scintigraphy, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) have been traditionally ...
Wu Su Fang - - 2012
PURPOSE: Cervical carcinoma is the second most prevalent and the fifth most deadly malignancy seen in women worldwide. Dysregulated activation of EGF ErbB system has been implicated in diverse types of human cancer; however, it is elusive how it is regulated in human cervical cancer cells. We herein aimed to ...
Gorin Michael A - - 2012
PURPOSE: To describe the frequency and severity of atherosclerosis contained within the non-neoplastic tissue of partial nephrectomy (PN) specimens. METHODS: Archived open PN specimens were evaluated for histological evidence of atherosclerosis. Clinically significant atherosclerosis was defined as arterial luminal narrowing of >25 % due to fibrointimal thickening. Histological findings were correlated ...
Li Lian - - 2012
Heat stress results in apoptosis in testicular germ cells. A small heat shock protein (hsp), hsp32, is induced by heat stress in the testis, but little is known about its definitive function in physiological processes. To clarify the underlying role of hsp32, hsp32 expression and related signals in the heat ...
Eicher Carmen - - 2012
PURPOSE: Duplex drugs are promising anticancer agents. After in vivo cleavage into active nucleoside analogues, they exert their anti-tumour activity with reduced toxicity and side effects. Here we evaluated the impact of two duplex drugs on the viability of hepatoblastoma (HB) cells lines and their toxicity against human fibroblasts. METHODS: ...
Kang S-S - - 2012
The lack of appropriate animal model for studying protective immunity has limited vaccine development against cholera. Here, we demonstrate a pulmonary cholera model conferred by intranasal administration of mice with live Vibrio cholerae. The bacterial components, but not cholera toxin, caused lethal and acute pneumonia by inducing massive inflammation. Intranasal ...
Debanne Dominique - - 2012
Synaptic transmission in the brain generally depends on action potentials. However, recent studies indicate that subthreshold variation in the presynaptic membrane potential also determines spike-evoked transmission. The informational content of each presynaptic action potential is therefore greater than initially expected. The contribution of this synaptic property, which is a fast ...
Lee Yun-Hsuan - - 2012
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Serum α-fetoprotein (AFP) and total tumor volume (TTV) are important factors linked with post-operative tumor recurrence in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. We investigated the role of a new prognostic marker, AFP-to-TTV ratio, in predicting HCC recurrence. METHODS: A total of 655 HCC patients undergoing resection were analyzed. RESULTS: In ...
Liu Su-Hsun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Higher prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in men and postmenopausal women than in premenopausal women has suggested a potential role of sex hormones in the pathogenesis of the disease. We sought to evaluate the association between oral contraceptive pills (OCP) and NAFLD and to determine whether adiposity ...
de Mattos Elsa - - 2012
This study aims to analyze the process of semiotic regulation in youth transition to adulthood from the perspectives of cultural developmental psychology and dialogical self theory. The focus is on the transformations that occur in youth's self-system configurations during a critical developmental period. In this paper, we will advance the ...
Radhakrishnan Nita - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To measure serum zinc, selenium, retinol and tocoferol levels at diagnosis of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and to compare it to that of a control population. Correlation was made with episodes of febrile neutropenia during the first 8 wk of therapy. METHODS: Fasting levels of serum zinc, selenium, retinol ...
Ishak Mohd Shuhaimi Bin Haji - - 2012
The birth of people with confused or ambiguous sex makeup as a biological fact since the annals of history has posed the challenge of accommodating them within the binary gender of sociocultural systems. In this process, the role of religion as a defining factor in social engineering has been paramount. ...
Awoke Akilew - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a growing public health problem in many developing countries including Ethiopia. However, its prevention and control has not yet received due attention. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of hypertension among adults in Gondar city, North-West Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional ...
de Vries Folgerdiena M - - 2012
Background: Patients with diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Controlling lipid levels has a preventive effect on the occurrence of major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. Individual trials have shown varying data on the efficacy of treatment with lipid-lowering statin therapy in the primary prevention of such ...
Lourenço Célia - - 2012
ABSTRACT Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry was used to characterize the gas-phase reactivity of Hf dipositive ions, Hf2+ and HfO2+, towards several oxidants: thermodynamically facile O-atom donor N2O, ineffective donor CO, and intermediate donors O2, CO2, NO, and CH2O. The Hf2+ ion exhibited electron transfer with N2O, O2, ...
Besagni Céline - - 2012
Plastoglobules are lipid droplets present in all plastid types. In chloroplasts, they are connected to the thylakoid membrane by the outer lipid half-bilayer. The plastoglobule core is composed of neutral lipids most prominently the prenylquinones, triacylglycerols, fatty acid phytyl esters but likely also unknown compounds. During stress and various developmental ...
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