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Results 401 - 450 of 2827
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Vanderlaan Doug P - - 2012
In Western populations, male gender atypicality (i.e., cross-gender behavior and identity) and male androphilia (i.e., sexual attraction to adult males) tend to cluster in particular families. Here, we examined whether this familial clustering effect extended to non-Western populations by examining the genealogical relationships of 17 Samoan transgendered androphilic males, known ...
Aplesnin S S - - 2012
The structural, magnetic, and thermophysical properties of cation-substituted sulfides Gd(X)Mn(1-X)S (0.04 ≤ X ≤ 0.25) with the NaCl-type face-centered cubic lattice have been investigated. The range of existence of long-range antiferromagnetic order has been established. The anomalies observed in the temperature dependence of the specific heat correspond to the temperatures of the magnetic phase ...
Smith Gregory N - - 2012
The formation of ions in nonpolar solvents (with relative permittivity ε(r) of approximately 2) is more difficult than in polar liquids; however, these charged species play an important role in many applications, such as electrophoretic displays. The low relative permittivities of these solvents mean that charges have to be separated ...
Nakayama Michihiro - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the clinical value of dual-time-point F-18 FDG PET/CT imaging to differentiate malignant lymphoma (ML) from benign lymph node (BLN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were 310 lymph nodes in 84 patients (195 ML lesions in 30 patients and 115 BLN ...
Spasovski Vesna - - 2012
The expression of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) gene is altered in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) and the regulation of transcription could be a mechanism that modulates JAK2 gene expression. We analyzed the transcriptional potential of single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs12343867 T > C in JAK2 intron 14, tagging 46/1 haplotype, and its ...
Jamnongkan Wassana - - 2012
The oxidized alpha-1 antitrypsin (ox-A1AT) is one modified form of A1AT, generated via oxidation at its active site by free radicals released from inflammatory cells which subsequently are unable to inhibit protease enzymes. The presence of ox-A1AT in human serum has been used as oxidative stress indicator in many diseases. ...
Megalovasilis Pavlos - - 2012
The Kozani-Ptolemais-Amyntaio basin constitutes the principal coal field of Greece. Approximately 50 % of the total power production of Greece is generated by five power stations operating in the area. Lignite samples, together with the corresponding fly ash and bottom ash were collected, over a period of 3 months, from the power ...
Roma Paolo - - 2012
We describe a case of shibari, a double hanging sexual asphyxia practice, which ended fatally for one of the two women involved. We present the autopsy findings and a psychiatric and psychometric evaluation of the surviving participant. The survivor had a borderline personality disorder, had suffered sexual abuse as a ...
Tognetti Vincent - - 2012
A computational study utilizing density functional theory (DFT) was performed to analyze the mechanism of ethylene dimerization catalyzed by (P,N) nickel(II) complexes, where (P,N) is a mixed phosphine-iminophosphorane ligand. Two plausible reaction pathways were considered, namely the Cossee and metallacycle pathways, for three model systems. The fundamental role of ligand ...
Sjölander Maria - - 2012
PURPOSE: Since 2005, statins have been recommended to patients with ischaemic stroke. The objective of this study was to analyse how statin treatment has been disseminated in different patient groups (age, sex, socioeconomic status and country of birth) in Sweden between 2004 and 2009. METHODS: The Swedish Stroke Register (Riks-Stroke) ...
Czech-Damal Nicole U - - 2012
Passive electroreception is a sensory modality in many aquatic vertebrates, predominantly fishes. Using passive electroreception, the animal can detect and analyze electric fields in its environment. Most electric fields in the environment are of biogenic origin, often produced by prey items. These electric fields can be relatively strong and can ...
Galarreta Betty C - - 2012
A selective aptameric sequence is adsorbed on a two-dimensional nanostructured metallic platform optimized for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) measurements. Using nanofabrication methods, a metallic nanostructure was prepared by electron-beam lithography onto a glass coverslip surface and embedded within a microfluidic channel made of polydimethylsiloxane, allowing one to monitor in situ ...
Elroby Shabaan A K - - 2012
The electronic structure, the origin of the extraordinary stability and the reaction mechanisms of the decomposition reaction of the three-membered ring cyclopropenone (IO), its phenyl derivative (IIO) and its sulfur analogues (IS and IIS) have been investigated at the B3LYP/6-311 + G** level of theory. All critical points on the reaction surface, ...
van der Veen Willem - - 2012
Background Computerized physician order entry (CPOE) in hospitals is widely considered to be important for patient safety, but implementation is lagging behind and user satisfaction is often low. Risk analysis methods may improve the implementation process and thus user satisfaction. Objective The aim of our study was to determine the ...
Okamoto Scott K - - 2012
This article describes the relevance of a culturally grounded approach toward drug prevention development for indigenous youth populations. This approach builds drug prevention from the "ground up" (i.e., from the values, beliefs, and worldviews of the youth that are the intended consumers of the program) and is contrasted with efforts ...
Vigueira C C CC Department of Biology, Washington University, St Louis, MO, - - 2013
Weeds are among the greatest pests of agriculture, causing billions of dollars in crop losses each year. As crop field management practices have changed over the past 12 000 years, weeds have adapted in turn to evade human removal. This evolutionary change can be startlingly rapid, making weeds an appealing system ...
Ampe Lisa - - 2012
Past fMRI research has demonstrated that to understand other people's behavior shown visually, the mirror network is strongly involved. However, the mentalizing network is also recruited when a visually presented action is unusual and/or when perceivers think explicitly about the intention. To further explore the conditions that trigger mentalizing activity, ...
Roussouly Pierre P Croix Rouge française CMCR des Massues, 92 rue Edmond Locard, 69005 Lyon, France. - - 2013
Retrospective study of a prospective clinical and radiological database of subjects with adolescent (AIS) and adult (AS) idiopathic scoliosis undergoing surgical correction by posterior approach. To evaluate the differences in sagittal alignment of the spine and pelvis in AIS and AS before surgery and changes after surgery in both populations. ...
Stewart James J P - - 2012
Modern semiempirical methods are of sufficient accuracy when used in the modeling of molecules of the same type as used as reference data in the parameterization. Outside that subset, however, there is an abundance of evidence that these methods are of very limited utility. In an attempt to expand the ...
Riese Harriëtte - - 2012
The Twin Interdisciplinary Neuroticism Study (TWINS) is a three-wave study including >800 twin pairs from the northern part of the Netherlands. The aim of the study is to unravel why neuroticism reflects vulnerability to mental disorders. In this study, we focus on possible mechanisms underlying this vulnerability and their genetic ...
Hetsroni Iftach - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test whether low-grade Lachman test (i.e. Grade 0-1+) and a negative pivot shift at 6-12 weeks post-ACL rupture in recreational alpine skiers can be used to predict good function and normal knee laxity in nonoperated patients at minimum 2 years after the injury. METHODS: ...
Kachroo Naveen - - 2013
Tissue biomarkers could pivotally improve clinical outcome prediction following prostate cancer therapy. Clinically, prostate cancer is managed by diverse treatment modalities whose individual influence on a biomarker's predictive ability is not well understood and poorly investigated in the literature. We conducted a systematic review to assess the predictive value of ...
Nilsen Thomas S - - 2012
We describe the importance of the Norwegian Twin Registry (NTR) for research in public health and provide examples from several programs of twin research at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH), including the Nordic Twin Study of Cancer, our epigenetics platform, and our large program of research in mental ...
Modepalli Naresh N Department of Pharmaceutics, The University of Mississippi, 113 Faser Hall, University, Mississippi 38677, - - 2013
Iontophoretic mediated transdermal delivery of ferric pyrophosphate (FPP) in combination with microneedle pretreatment was investigated as a potential treatment for iron deficiency anemia (IDA). In vitro transdermal delivery studies were performed using hairless rat skin and pharmacodynamic studies were performed in hairless anemic rat model. The hematological and biochemical parameters ...
Takahashi Koichi - - 2012
The efficacy of sequential therapy of pazufloxacin (PZFX), which is a parenteral fluoroquinolone, followed by oral fluoroquinolones [tosufloxacin tosilate (TFLX) or levofloxacin (LVFX)] for treatment of pyelonephritis, was evaluated. Patients with pyelonephritis who had fever (≥37.5 °C), pyuria (≥10 white blood cells/high-power field), and bacteriuria (≥10(4) colony-forming units/ml) were eligible for ...
Lyon Juliana Pereira - - 2012
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been originally developed for the treatment of cancer, but it has been successfully employed in the treatment of infectious diseases, including fungal infections. Surfactants are amphiphilic compounds that also have antifungal properties. The present work demonstrates the synergic effect of PDT with methylene blue (MB) and ...
Voutsadakis Ioannis A - - 2012
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women and a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Sub-types of breast cancer defined by the expression of steroid hormones and Her2/Neu oncogene have distinct prognosis and undergo different therapies. Besides differing in their phenotype, sub-types of breast cancer display various molecular ...
Henriksen Nadia A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A systemically altered connective tissue metabolism has been demonstrated in patients with abdominal wall hernias. The most pronounced connective tissue changes are found in patients with direct or recurrent inguinal hernias as opposed to patients with indirect inguinal hernias. The aim of the present study was to assess whether ...
Saarinen Tuure - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) may necessitate acute and late re-operations. Published long-term follow studies after ACDF are scarce. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to give a detailed description of early and late re-operations after ACDF in an 11-year follow-up. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all available clinical data, including ...
Zhang Hong - - 2012
In two experiments, we investigated the effect of regulatory focus (Higgins, Am Psychol, 52, 1280-1300, 1997) on people's maintenance and switching behavior. In the experimental tasks, participants were asked to react selectively to one category of stimuli while ignoring the other. After several practice trials, participants had to switch either ...
Cullom S James - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Dipyridamole is used for stress (82)rubidium chloride ((82)RbCl) PET because of its long hyperemic duration. Regadenoson has advantages of a fixed dose and favorable symptom profile, but its mean maximal hyperemia is only 2.3 minutes. To determine its suitability for (82)RbCl PET, we imaged subjects using a regadenoson protocol based ...
Castellanos Elisabeth E Hereditary Cancer Program, Institute of Predictive and Personalized Medicine of Cancer (IMPPC), Badalona, - - 2013
Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is an autosomal-dominant disorder affecting about 1:33 000 newborns, mainly characterized by the development of tumors of the nervous system and ocular abnormalities. Around 85% of germline NF2 mutations are point mutations. Among them, ∼25% affect splicing and are associated with a variable disease severity. In the ...
Temple Jeff R JR Behavioral Health and Research, Department of Ob/Gyn, UTMB Health, Galveston, TX 77555-0587, USA. - - 2013
The prevention of teen dating violence is a major public health priority. However, the dearth of longitudinal studies makes it difficult to develop programs that effectively target salient risk factors. Using a school-based sample of ethnically diverse adolescents, this longitudinal study examined whether substance use (alcohol, marijuana, and hard drugs) ...
Nakatsuka Takashi - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Japanese gentians (Gentiana triflora and Gentiana scabra) are amongst the most popular floricultural plants in Japan. However, genomic resources for Japanese gentians have not yet been developed, mainly because of the heterozygous genome structure conserved by outcrossing, the long juvenile period, and limited knowledge about the inheritance of ...
Höpler Wolfgang - - 2012
We report a case of nocardiosis in a patient with several risk factors for this rare infection. Radiologically, the patient's multiple lung abscesses were misinterpreted as pulmonary metastases. Diagnosis was finally reached by the growth of Nocardia asteroides in two different blood culture sets. Nocardia bacteraemia is a rare clinical ...
Xu Chuan - - 2012
In the past few decades, despite all the significant achievements in industrial microbial improvement, the approaches of traditional random mutation and selection as well as the rational metabolic engineering based on the local knowledge cannot meet today's needs. With rapid reconstructions and accurate in silico simulations, genome-scale metabolic model (GSMM) ...
Vaibhav Kumar - - 2012
Azadirachta indica Linn. (Meliaceae) has been used from ancient times as a remedy for various ailments. The present study was designed to investigate the antioxidant and anti-apoptotic properties of A. indica seed extract (ASE) in transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rat model. Antioxidant potential of ASE was determined in ...
Figueroa Leonardo T - - 2012
Lithium, generally, occurs in barely trace amounts in ground water with few major exceptions. One of these is the northern area of Chile where all potable water and many of the food stuffs contain high levels of lithium. Surface water can contain between 100 and 10,000 times more than most ...
Y Hu - - 2012
The potential atheroprotective effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), long-acting GLP-1 analogues and inhibitors of the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) are currently the subject of intense research. Recent evidence suggests the effects of DPP-IV inhibitors, may, in-part, be mediated by GLP-1 independent molecular mechanisms. In this report we demonstrate that ...
Xiao Meng M Department of Clinical Laboratory, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, PR - - 2013
We developed a reverse line blot (RLB) hybridization-, and rolling circle amplification (RCA)-based assays for the identification of Trichoporon species and evaluated them with 48 isolates that had been previously recognized as belonging to eight species (Trichosporon asahii, T. cutaneum, T. dermatis, T. domesticum, T. inkin, T. japonicum, T. jirovecii, ...
Moon Deok-Bog - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The long-term outcomes after resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with macroscopic bile duct tumor thrombus (BDTT) are unclear. This multicenter study was conducted to determine the prognosis of HCC patients with macroscopic BDTT who underwent resection with curative intent. METHODS: Of 4,308 patients with HCC from four Korean institutions, ...
Chai Weidong - - 2012
The enteropathogenic coronavirus transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) causes severe disease in young piglets. We have studied the protective effects of the probiotic Enterococcus faecium NCIMB 10415 (E. faecium), which is approved as a feed additive in the European Union, against TGEV infection. E. faecium was added to swine testicle (ST) ...
Cherouveim Evgenia D - - 2012
This study examined the effect of gender on breath-hold time (BHT). Sixteen healthy subjects, eight males (M) and eight females (F), aged 18-30 years, without breath-hold (BH) experience, performed: (a) a pulmonary function test, (b) an incremental cycle ergometer test to exhaustion and (c) a BH protocol, which included eight repeated ...
Soejima Yuji - - 2012
Reconstruction of inferior vena cava (IVC) defects after surgical resection of the IVC is associated with significant complications, such as venous thrombosis and graft infection. We herein report a new technique called "tube cavoplasty" that uses only autologous venous grafts to reconstruct IVC defects after resection of leiomyosarcomas of the ...
Khorsand Fahimeh - - 2012
3-Hydroxybutyrate, one of the main blood ketone bodies, has been considered as a critical indicator for diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis. Biosensors designed for detection of 3-hydroxybutyrate with advantages of precision, easiness and speedy performance have attracted increasing attention. This study attempted to develop a 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase-based biosensor in which single-walled ...
Lund Lars H LH Department of Medicine, Unit of Cardiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2012
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) may be as common and as lethal as heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF). Three randomized trials of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ie, renin-angiotensin system [RAS] antagonists) did not reach primary end points but may have had selection bias ...
Kilpin Kelly J - - 2012
Organometallic ruthenium(ii) arene complexes containing the PTA ligand ([Ru(η(6)-arene)Cl(2)(PTA)], PTA = 1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphatricyclo-[3.3.1.1]decane, termed RAPTA) show pharmacologically relevant anti-tumour properties in vitro. Two new enantiomeric pairs of RAPTA compounds, containing the chiral arene (R)- or (S)-2-phenyl-N-(1-phenylethylene)acetamide and either dichlorido or oxalato ligands were synthesised and fully characterised. The stability of the ...
Lau Fiona K - - 2012
Perchlorate (ClO(4)(-)) is ubiquitous in the environment and inhibits the thyroid's uptake of iodide. Food and tap water are likely sources of environmental exposure to perchlorate. The aim of this study was to identify significant dietary sources of perchlorate using perchlorate measured in urine as an exposure indicator. Sample-weighted, age-stratified ...
Kasuga Akiyoshi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of simultaneous endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for synchronous double early gastric cancers. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 832 single gastric cancers from 789 patients treated by single ESD (single group) and 124 synchronous double cancers from 62 patients treated by simultaneous ...
Gassel Sören - - 2012
Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous (Phaffia rhodozyma) is the only yeast or fungus that synthesizes the commercially attractive carotenoid astaxanthin. For a suitable bioprocess, the wild type has to be modified for increasing biomass content. To achieve this, a two step strategy has been followed. At first, random mutagenesis was applied leading to ...
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