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Okamoto Minoru - - 2012
Although thymomas are the most common anterior mediastinal neoplasm, those causing cardiac tamponade are unusual. To the best of our knowledge, only 13 cases have been proven in the English literature We report thymoma in a 66-year old man that caused cardiac tamponade, for which he underwent an emergency operation. ...
Kreuz Peter C - - 2012
PURPOSE: The influence of gender on the biomechanical outcome after autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) including isokinetic muscle strength measurements has not been investigated. The present prospective study was performed to evaluate gender-specific differences in the biomechanical function 48 months after ACI. METHODS: Fifty-two patients (mean age 35.6 ± 8.5 years) that met our inclusion ...
Mannoor Kaiissar - - 2012
A substantial proportion of circulating antibodies in healthy individuals exhibit self-reactivity. These antibodies, referred to as natural autoantibodies, are thought to arise naturally without actual antigen stimulation as they are present in human cord blood and in mice housed in germfree conditions and fed an antigen-free diet. Natural autoantibodies are ...
Takahashi Kei - - 2012
Kawasaki disease (KD) is considered to be a kind of systemic vasculitis syndrome. It most frequently affects infants and young children and primarily invades medium-sized muscular arteries, including the coronary arteries. The etiology of KD is unknown, but epidemiological data suggest involvement of infectious agents, such as bacteria and viruses, ...
Gottlieb Roberta A - - 2012
Whether an element of routine housekeeping or in the setting of imminent disaster, it is a good idea to get one's affairs in order. Autophagy, the process of recycling organelles and protein aggregates, is a basal homeostatic process and an evolutionarily conserved response to starvation and other forms of metabolic ...
Takeshima Yasuhiro - - 2012
The effect of audiovisual interactions on size perception has yet to be examined, despite its fundamental importance in daily life. Previous studies have reported that object length can be estimated solely on the basis of the sounds produced when an object is dropped. Moreover, it has been shown that people ...
Higashimura Yasuki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Agarose is hydrolyzed easily to yield oligosaccharides, designated as agaro-oligosaccharides (AGOs). Recently, it has been demonstrated that AGOs induce heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression in macrophages and that they might lead to anti-inflammatory property. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanism of AGO-mediated HO-1 induction remains unknown, as does AGOs' ability to elicit ...
Lu Ming-Chi - - 2012
In a previous study, we found that anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) enhance nuclear factor (NF)-κB activity and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α production by normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and U937 cells via binding to surface-expressed citrullinated glucose-regulated protein 78 (cit-GRP78). However, the downstream signaling pathways remain unclear after ...
Chen Ko-Ron - - 2012
The skin is a common target organ in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis. Skin lesions may present as the initial manifestation or as the associated cutaneous manifestations in ANCA-associated vasculitis. Visually assessing the cutaneous manifestations and performing a biopsy of skin lesions to facilitate histopathologic confirmation are highly valuable diagnostically. ...
Brusselaers Nele - - 2012
PURPOSE: In ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), early appropriate antimicrobial therapy may be hampered by involvement of multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens. METHODS: A systematic review and diagnostic test accuracy meta-analysis were performed to analyse whether lower respiratory tract surveillance cultures accurately predict the causative pathogens of subsequent VAP in adult patients. Selection and ...
Boffano Paolo - - 2012
This report describes an unusual case of trilobate Stafne bone cavity in a 72-year-old male asymptomatic patient, presenting as a radiolucency in the left mandibular body with an irregular peripheral border and a central area of reduced density on panoramic radiograph.
Cho Young Sun - - 2012
Stable transgenic germlines carrying the red fluorescence protein (RFP) gene (rfp) driven by fast skeletal myosin light chain-2 gene (mlc2f) promoter were established in a truly euryhaline fish species, the marine medaka (Oryzias dancena; Beloniformes). Transgenic lines contained transgene copy numbers varying from a single copy to more than 230 ...
Pfaunmiller Erika L EL Department of Chemistry, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68588-0304, - - 2013
Affinity monolith chromatography (AMC) is a type of liquid chromatography that uses a monolithic support and a biologically related binding agent as a stationary phase. AMC is a powerful method for the selective separation, analysis, or study of specific target compounds in a sample. This review discusses the basic principles ...
Windhorst Sabine - - 2012
Inositolhexakisphosphate (InsP6) is the most abundant inositolphosphate in mammalian cells with concentrations up to 50 µM. After necrosis of tumor cells InsP6 is released into the extracellular space where it is available for vital cells. Here, we show that extracellular InsP6, in low cellular concentrations (≤ 50 µM), stimulate tumor ...
Shiina Takuya - - 2012
DNA from plasmid pUC18 was irradiated with low-LET (13 keV/μm) or high-LET (60 keV/μm) carbon ions or X-rays (4 keV/μm) in solutions containing several concentrations of Tris (0.66-200 mM) to determine the yield of abasic (AP) sites and the effect of scavenging capacity. The yield of AP sites, detected as single-strand breaks (SSB) after ...
Soria Bernat - - 2012
Cell-attached and inside-out patch clamp recording was used to compare the functional expression of membrane ion channels in mouse and human embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Both ESCs express mechanosensitive Ca(2+) permeant cation channels (MscCa) and large conductance (200 pS) Ca(2+)-sensitive K(+) (BK(Ca2+)) channels but with markedly different patch densities. MscCa is ...
Hiranita Takato T Psychobiology Section, Molecular Targets and Medications Discovery Branch, Intramural Research Program, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD, - - 2013
Sigma(1) receptors (σ(1)Rs) are intracellularly mobile chaperone proteins implicated in several disease processes, as well as psychiatric disorders and substance abuse. Here we report that although selective σ(1)R agonists (PRE-084, (+)-pentazocine) lacked reinforcing effects in drug-naive rats, over the course of 28 experimental sessions, which was more than sufficient for ...
Deans Zuzana Z Department of Community Based Medicine, Centre for Ethics in Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, - - 2013
Non-invasive prenatal testing for single gene disorders is now clearly on the horizon. This new technology offers obvious clinical benefits such as safe testing early in pregnancy. Before widespread implementation, it is important to consider the possible ethical implications. Four hypothetical scenarios are presented that highlight how ethical ideals of ...
KlanĨar Uroš U Lek Pharmaceuticals d.d., Verovškova 57, 1526, Ljubljana, - - 2013
The aim of this work was to establish alternative in vitro dissolution method with good discrimination and in vivo predictability for the evaluation of HPMC extended release matrix tablets. For this purpose, two different HPMC matrix tablet formulations were first evaluated by a range of conventional dissolution testing methods using ...
Dodson Robin E - - 2012
Higher house dust levels of PBDE flame retardants (FRs) have been reported in California than other parts of the world, due to the state's furniture flammability standard. However, changing levels of these and other FRs have not been evaluated following the 2004 U.S. phase-out of PentaBDE and OctaBDE. We analyzed ...
Andriulli A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Given the significant side-effects and healthcare costs associated with telaprevir- or boceprevir-combination therapy, identifying patients likely to respond to dual therapy peg-interferon (Peg-IFN)/ribavirin is highly desirable. Since the perception of how large the pool of patients who may achieve rapid virologic response (RVR) is vaguely ascertained, we searched the ...
Makris Konstantinos C - - 2012
Environmental factors, such as storage time, frequency of bottle reuse and temperature, have been shown to facilitate antimony (Sb) leaching from water- and food-packaging materials. The globally escalating consumption of water packaged in Sb-containing bottles, such as that of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), could increase human daily Sb doses. This study ...
Salek S S - - 2012
Silicate minerals can be a source of calcium and alkalinity, enabling CO(2) sequestration in the form of carbonates. For this to occur, the mineral needs to be first dissolved in an acidifying process such as the biological process of anaerobic fermentation. In the present study, the main factors which govern ...
Vanderoost Jef - - 2012
Bone fracture risk can increase through bone microstructural changes observed in bone pathologies, such as glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Resorption cavities present one of these microstructural aspects. We recently found that glucocorticoids (GCs) affect the shape of the resorption cavities. Specifically, we found that in the presence of GC osteoclasts (OCs) cultured ...
Chen Li-Ping - - 2012
Background/Aims: This study aims to build rat acute hepatic failure models by 90% hepatectomy, perform autologous hepatocyte transplantation with the cells separated from the resected liver tissues, and observe the effectiveness of the transplantation on acute hepatic failure. Methodology: Ninety percent hepatectomy was performed on twenty male Sprague-Dawley rats. No ...
Acheson K J - - 2012
At the beginning of the last century obesity and type 2 diabetes were treated quite successfully using low-carbohydrate diets. Following the discovery of insulin, the carbohydrate content of the diabetic diet became more liberal, as glycaemia and glycosuria could be controlled, more or less well, with hypoglycaemic medication and insulin ...
Liu Jingbo - - 2012
Transition metal oxide based disinfectants offer an effective approach for water purification. The present discovery found that silver (Ag) decorated titania (TiO(2)) nano-composites displayed high potency at 2.5 ppm within 4 h co-incubation, proved to be effective at 100% inactivation. The composite disinfectant was effective against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive ...
Qi Renli - - 2012
FATP1 plays an important role in the trafficking of free fatty acids in adipocytes, however, its precise function and relationship with other fatty acid transporters all remain poorly understood. In this study, FATP1 gene silencing was induced by transfecting siRNA of target sequence into chicken preadipocytes, then the expression of ...
Lai Chao-Han - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) is the modality of choice in the diagnosis of mycotic aneurysms. The present study aimed to classify the CT findings of mycotic aneurysms, and to assess their predictive value based on the correlation of a CT-based grading system with prognostic factors and outcomes. METHODS: Over the ...
Tonorezos Emily S ES Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, - - 2013
Determine the relationship between diet and metabolic abnormalities among adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We surveyed 117 adult survivors of childhood ALL using the Harvard Food Frequency Questionnaire. Physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) was measured with the SenseWear Pro2 Armband. Insulin resistance was estimated using the Homeostasis ...
Zhou Xiaoxia - - 2012
The hierarchically porous and iron-functionalized zeolite ZSM-5 has been fabricated as a Fenton photocatalyst by a facile post-treatment process, which exhibits an excellent visible-light catalytic property in the adsorption/degradation of organic pollutants under mild reaction conditions.
Zeng Fu-Ren - - 2012
X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1), a DNA repair enzyme, plays a crucial role in the base excision repair by generating a single nucleotide repair patch. It has been demonstrated that the XRCC1 Arg399Gln gene polymorphism was associated with variations in XRCC1 enzyme activity. The aim of this study was ...
Liu Yang - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Findings from previous studies on socioeconomic inequalities in alcohol use among adolescents are not consistent. This study examined and compared the relationship between socioeconomic status and alcohol use of adolescents in China and Finland. METHODS: The sample included 2,005 Chinese and 1,685 Finnish 15-year-old school children. The associations between ...
Wei Ping P Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition, Department of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing, 100048, China. - - 2013
The perceptual load of a given task affects attentional selection, with the selection occurring earlier when the load is high and later when the load is low. Recent evidence suggests that local competitive interaction may underlie the perceptual load effect and determine to what extent a task-irrelevant distractor is processed. ...
Kim Jung Ho - - 2012
Background/Aims: Sequential antiviral therapy for chronic hepatitis B may lead to the selection of multidrug-resistant mutation. This study was carried out to assess the efficacy of entecavir in patients that have experienced adefovir monotherapy failure after the development of lamivudine resistance. Methodology: Fifty-three patients with confirmed genotypic lamivudine-resistant chronic hepatitis ...
Barberi Marzia M Department of Anatomy, Histology, Forensic Medicine and Orthopedic, Section of Histology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, - - 2012
Down-regulation with gonadodropin-releasing agonist (GnRH-a) protocol during IVF stimulation leads to a severe endogenous LH suppression, which may affect the follicular development. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of recombinant LH (r-LH) administration, during late follicular development stages, in recombinant FSH (r-FSH) stimulated cycles on follicular ...
Goles Eric - - 2012
Analyzing all the deterministic dynamics of a Boolean regulatory network is a difficult problem since it grows exponentially with the number of nodes. In this paper, we present mathematical and computational tools for analyzing the complete deterministic dynamics of Boolean regulatory networks. For this, the notion of alliance is introduced, ...
Misterska Ewa - - 2012
PURPOSE: In the presented study, we aimed to assess changes over time in the perception of trunk deformity, body function, stress level and mental health in females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who were treated conservatively with a Cheneau brace, taking the Trunk Appearance Perception Scale (TAPS), Scoliosis Research Society-22 ...
Gillespie Nathan A NA Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA. - - 2013
We describe the data being collected from the Brisbane Longitudinal Twin Study in Australia as part of the US National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)-funded project, Pathways to Cannabis Use, Abuse and Dependence. The history, recruitment, assessment, and retention of twin families in this project are described in detail, along ...
Gilbert Eva Marianne - - 2012
Single-stage nitritation-anammox combines the growth of aerobic ammonium-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria (AnAOB) in one reactor. The necessary compromise of their milieu conditions often leads to the growth of nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB). For this study, a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) for nitritation-anammox was operated for 180 days with ...
van der Bij Sjoukje - - 2012
PURPOSE: Existing estimated lung cancer risks per unit of asbestos exposure are mainly based on, and applicable to, high exposure levels. To assess the risk at low cumulative asbestos exposure, we provide new evidence by fitting flexible meta-regression models, a notably new and more robust method. METHODS: Studies were selected ...
Fukuda Akinari - - 2012
Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) presents a unique challenge as it does not involve replacement of the hepatic inferior vena cava (IVC). We report a case of successful LDLT in a patient with BCS associated with occlusion of the hepatic veins as well as the IVC. ...
Riva Rossi C M - - 2012
The Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, which was introduced deliberately in Chile four decades ago for sport fishing and aquaculture, represents a rare example of a successful translocation of an anadromous Pacific salmon into the southern Hemisphere, offering a unique opportunity to examine the role of introduction history and genetic variability ...
Suh Min Hee - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare the correlation between optic disc rim area and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (rim-RNFL correlation) in diabetic eyes with non-progressive RNFL defects and normal tension glaucoma (NTG) eyes. METHODS: Seventy-three eyes of 73 patients with preperimetric or early NTG and 25 eyes of 25 type II diabetes ...
Homma Sakae - - 2012
Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss syndrome) are conditions classified under the general heading of antinuclear cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). Lung lesion is a very common and important clinical feature in AAV. In MPA, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage and pulmonary fibrosis (PF) are ...
Warfel J M JM Division of Bacterial, Parasitic and Allergenic Products, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2013
Despite near universal vaccine coverage, the bacterial pathogen Bordetella pertussis has re-emerged as a major public health concern. We recently developed a baboon (Papio anubis) model of pertussis that provides an excellent model of human pertussis. Using this model, the immune response to pertussis was characterized by measuring cytokines in ...
Bacon Michael Patrick - - 2012
We investigated the physiological mechanism of grapheme-color synesthesia using metacontrast masking. A metacontrast target is rendered invisible by a mask that is delayed by about 60 ms; the target and mask do not overlap in space or time. Little masking occurs, however, if the target and mask are simultaneous. This effect ...
Zhang Yuzhen - - 2012
The weak acids, furan derivatives, and phenolic compounds formed during lignocellulose pretreatment are potential inhibitors of subsequent enzymatic and microbial processes. In this work, the effects of the steam explosion process on the formation of weak acids, furan derivatives, and phenolic compounds were explored. The correlations of different steam explosion ...
Travin Mark I - - 2012
Radionuclide cardiac imaging has potential to assess underlying molecular, electrophysiologic, and pathophysiologic processes of cardiac disease. An area of current interest is cardiac autonomic innervation imaging with a radiotracer such as (123)I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-mIBG), a norepinephrine analogue. Cardiac (123)I-mIBG uptake can be assessed by planar and SPECT techniques, involving determination of ...
Qiu A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in cortical thickness and subcortical structures have been studied in schizophrenia but little is known about corresponding changes in mania and brain structural differences between these two psychiatric conditions, especially early in the stage of the illness. In this study we aimed to compare cortical thickness and shape ...
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