Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2820
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Parker Matthew W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory patients with uncertain functional capacity may benefit from combined exercise and vasodilator stress protocols for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). The safety and MPI image quality with regadenoson administered during symptom-limited exercise have not been prospectively evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 140 patients (mean age 61 years, 48% ...
Spiliopoulos Stavros - - 2012
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is defined as the persistent inability to reach or maintain penile rigidity enough for sexual satisfaction. Nearly 30% of the men between ages 40 and 70 years are affected by ED. A variety of pathologies, including neurological, psychological, or endocrine disorders and drug side effects, may incite ED. ...
Macdiarmid Jennie I - - 2012
The concept of a healthy and environmentally sustainable diet is not new, but with increasing concern about future global food security and climate change there is a renewed interest in this topic. Dietary intakes in UK accounts for approximately 20-30% of total annual greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE), with the greatest ...
Daniel M - - 2012
Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a frequent cause of acute mastoiditis. Despite the recent (2005) introduction of pneumococcal vaccination, mastoiditis incidence and severity may be increasing. This study aimed to assess the incidence, severity and microbiology of acute mastoiditis over an 11-year period. Methods: Retrospective review of paediatric acute mastoiditis cases ...
Hasegawa Tomomi - - 2012
Late mortality following surgical repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) is often associated with pulmonary venous stenosis. We describe here two successful cases of primary sutureless repair for simple TAPVC in patients who had a potential risk of postoperative pulmonary venous stenosis. A 10-day-old neonate with mixed-type TAPVC ...
Endo Jun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Preoperative traction for hip fractures is of no benefit in semi-urgent surgery. However, its efficacy has not been assessed in cases in which emergency surgery was not possible. We evaluated the efficacy of preoperative skin traction for hip fractures in a level II trauma center in Japan where many ...
Han Yu - - 2012
Substantial evidence has demonstrated that platelet-derived growth factor-D (PDGF-D) is tightly associated with the development and progression of tumors. However, its biological functions in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remain to be delineated. In this study, we found that expressions of PDGF-D mRNA and protein in ESCC tissues and cells ...
Miller Judith R - - 2012
In an influential paper, Kirkpatrick and Barton (Am Nat 150:1-23 1997) presented a system of diffusive partial differential equations modeling the joint evolution of population density and the mean of a quantitative trait when the trait optimum varies over a continuous spatial domain. We present a stability theorem for steady ...
Aplesnin S S - - 2012
The structural, magnetic, and thermophysical properties of cation-substituted sulfides Gd(X)Mn(1-X)S (0.04 ≤ X ≤ 0.25) with the NaCl-type face-centered cubic lattice have been investigated. The range of existence of long-range antiferromagnetic order has been established. The anomalies observed in the temperature dependence of the specific heat correspond to the temperatures of the magnetic phase ...
Smith Gregory N - - 2012
The formation of ions in nonpolar solvents (with relative permittivity ε(r) of approximately 2) is more difficult than in polar liquids; however, these charged species play an important role in many applications, such as electrophoretic displays. The low relative permittivities of these solvents mean that charges have to be separated ...
Nakayama Michihiro - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the clinical value of dual-time-point F-18 FDG PET/CT imaging to differentiate malignant lymphoma (ML) from benign lymph node (BLN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were 310 lymph nodes in 84 patients (195 ML lesions in 30 patients and 115 BLN ...
Spasovski Vesna - - 2012
The expression of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) gene is altered in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) and the regulation of transcription could be a mechanism that modulates JAK2 gene expression. We analyzed the transcriptional potential of single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs12343867 T > C in JAK2 intron 14, tagging 46/1 haplotype, and its ...
Jamnongkan Wassana - - 2012
The oxidized alpha-1 antitrypsin (ox-A1AT) is one modified form of A1AT, generated via oxidation at its active site by free radicals released from inflammatory cells which subsequently are unable to inhibit protease enzymes. The presence of ox-A1AT in human serum has been used as oxidative stress indicator in many diseases. ...
Megalovasilis Pavlos - - 2012
The Kozani-Ptolemais-Amyntaio basin constitutes the principal coal field of Greece. Approximately 50 % of the total power production of Greece is generated by five power stations operating in the area. Lignite samples, together with the corresponding fly ash and bottom ash were collected, over a period of 3 months, from the power ...
Roma Paolo - - 2012
We describe a case of shibari, a double hanging sexual asphyxia practice, which ended fatally for one of the two women involved. We present the autopsy findings and a psychiatric and psychometric evaluation of the surviving participant. The survivor had a borderline personality disorder, had suffered sexual abuse as a ...
Tognetti Vincent - - 2012
A computational study utilizing density functional theory (DFT) was performed to analyze the mechanism of ethylene dimerization catalyzed by (P,N) nickel(II) complexes, where (P,N) is a mixed phosphine-iminophosphorane ligand. Two plausible reaction pathways were considered, namely the Cossee and metallacycle pathways, for three model systems. The fundamental role of ligand ...
Blasi Francesca - - 2012
Product authenticity is an important topic in dairy sector. Dairy products sold for public consumption must be accurately labelled in accordance with the contained milk species. Linear discriminant analysis (LDA), a common chemometric procedure, has been applied to fatty acid% composition to classify pure milk samples (cow, ewe, buffalo, donkey, ...
Tuong William - - 2012
This systematic review examines the effectiveness of videos in modifying health behaviors. We searched PubMed (1975-2012), PsycINFO (1975-2012), EMBASE (1975-2012), and CINAHL (1983-2012) for controlled clinical trials that examined the effectiveness of video interventions in changing health behaviors. Twenty-eight studies comprised of 12,703 subjects were included in the systematic review. ...
Munoz Carlos - - 2012
The inward rectifier K(+) channel Kir2.1 contributes to the maintenance of the resting cell membrane potential in excitable cells. Loss of function mutations of KCNJ2 encoding Kir2.1 result in Andersen-Tawil syndrome, a disorder characterized by periodic paralysis, cardiac arrhythmia, and dysmorphic features. The ubiquitously expressed protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) activates ...
Sellner L - - 2012
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with 17p deletion or mutations of the TP53 gene has a very poor outcome. Optimal treatment of these patients remains a major clinical challenge, and disagreement on the optimal treatment approach exists. Conventional chemo-immunotherapy with rituximab in combination with purine analogues yields lower response-rates and less ...
Ab Hamid Suzina Sheikh - - 2012
Human amniotic membrane that has been processed and sterilised by gamma irradiation is widely used as a biological dressing in surgical applications. The morphological structure of human amniotic membrane was studied under scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to assess effects of gamma radiation on human amniotic membrane following different preservation methods. ...
Toshikuni Nobuyuki - - 2012
Background/Aims: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an established curative therapy for early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We assessed the positions of inserted needle electrodes using three-dimensional ultrasonography (3D-US) and examined the association between the electrode position and outcomes of RFA. Methodology: Forty-seven patients with 49 HCC nodules treated with a cooled-tip RFA ...
Wu Ming-Hsun - - 2012
Background/Aims: It has been a matter of debate whether the advantage of gasless laparoscope setting is obvious when compared with the conventional operation. Thus, we compare the systemic response of proinflammatory markers and the adhesion molecules in serum levels after surgery between these two procedures. Methodology: There were 23 patients ...
Singer Susanne - - 2012
PURPOSE: The EORTC QLQ-H&N35 (H&N35) is widely used to measure quality of life in head and neck cancer patients. The aims of this study were to obtain insight into a) the languages in which the H&N35 has been used and the psychometric properties in those languages, b) the study designs, ...
Zhai Junfeng - - 2012
This work presents a new colorimetric microorganism biosensor for monitoring and detecting acute toxicity in water, where prussian blue (PB) is used as the colorimetric indicator and E. coli as the model bacterial. In this biosensor, the electron mediator, ferricyanide, accepts electrons from E. coli during respiration to produce ferrocyanide, ...
Li Xin - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sedative and hypnotic effects of Eucommiol, a monomer compound extracted from male Eucommia flowers using a system solvent method. Eucommiol shows significant effects in mice, including reduced spontaneous activity, and increased the sleep ratio or lengthened the sleep time with a ...
Zhu Chunyu - - 2012
Nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) is a non-structural protein of avian influenza virus. It can interact with a variety of proteins of the host cells, enhancing the expression of viral proteins and changing the growth and metabolism of the host cells, thereby enhancing the virus' pathogenicity and virulence. To investigate whether ...
Kuwayama Kenji - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine whether an ingested drug and its metabolites could be detected in the subject's fingerprints. Caffeine (CF) was chosen as the model drug. Three healthy subjects were asked to consume a cup of coffee (ca. 100 mL) containing 80 micro micro mg CF as the total ...
Mishra A K - - 2012
Brain abscess represents a significant medical problem, despite recent advances made in detection and therapy. Streptococcus intermedius, a commensal organism, has the potential to cause significant morbidity. S. intermedius expresses one or more members of a family of structurally and antigenically related surface proteins termed antigen I/II, which plays a ...
Banda Me - - 2012
Abstract AIM: To describe a temporal cluster of avian malaria (Plasmodium spp.) at an Operation Nest Egg™ (ONE) site in Rotorua which caused mortality in a juvenile kiwi and had high population prevalence in brown kiwi (Apteryx mantelli). METHODS: A 70-day-old wild-born captive brown kiwi was submitted for post-mortem examination ...
Mérie Charlotte - - 2012
The need for anticoagulation after surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) with biological prostheses is not well examined. To perform a nationwide study of the association of warfarin treatment with the risk of thromboembolic complications, bleeding incidents, and cardiovascular deaths after bioprosthetic AVR surgery. Through a search in the Danish National ...
Rebholz C M - - 2012
Background/objectives:Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States and the world. Clinical trials have suggested that soybean protein lowers lipids and blood pressure. The effect of soybean protein on novel CVD risk factors has not been well studied. The objective of this study was to ...
Li Yue-Sheng - - 2012
We have successfully synthesized S = 1/2 kagome antiferromagnets MCu(3)(OH)(6)Cl(2) (M = Ni and Co) by a hydrothermal method with a rotating pressure vessel. Structural characterization shows that both compounds have similar crystal structure to ZnCu(3)(OH)(6)Cl(2) with [Formula: see text] symmetry. As with ZnCu(3)(OH)(6)Cl(2), the compounds show no obvious hysteresis at 2 K. ...
van Beijsterveldt Catharina E M - - 2012
The Netherlands Twin Register (NTR) began in 1987 with data collection in twins and their families, including families with newborn twins and triplets. Twenty-five years later, the NTR has collected at least one survey for 70,784 children, born after 1985. For the majority of twins, longitudinal data collection has been ...
Aluotto Sabrina - - 2012
Platensimycin and platencin are compounds that were discovered at Merck Research Laboratories and have shown promising antibacterial activity. They are both produced in fermentation by the actinomycete Streptomyces platensis. Merck reported a crude, insoluble production medium to produce the antibiotics. To test the possible effects of different primary metabolites and ...
Morigaki Atsunori - - 2012
Treatment of β-fluoroalkylated-α,β-unsaturated ketones with 1.2 equiv. of various arylboronic acids in the presence of 5 mol% of [Rh(COD)(2)]BF(4) and 6 mol% of (S)-BINAP in toluene/H(2)O (v/v = 4/1) at the reflux temperature for 3 h gave the corresponding Michael adducts in high yields with over 90% enantioselectivity. Though other ...
Zhou Li - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-2 was previously shown to be less frequently expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The present study was designed to investigate the clinical, pathological, and prognostic significance of PAI-2 expression in HCC. METHODS: Expression of PAI-2 was detected immunohistochemically for specimens from 78 patients with HCC after ...
Watanabe Atsushi - - 2012
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is defined as a specific form of chronic, progressive fibrosing interstitial pneumonia of unknown cause. IPF is associated with an increased risk of lung cancer, and lung cancer patients with IPF undergoing pulmonary resection for non-small cell lung cancer have increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. Especially, ...
Yazbek Thierry - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is one of the most frequently performed bariatric surgeries. Even with a high failure rate, revisional procedures such as re-banding or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) were commonly performed. Recently, conversions of LAGB to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) were reported. We will review our ...
Flores-Suárez Luis F - - 2012
Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) frequently involves the lungs. However, as opposed to granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's), limited forms are not recognised. In recent years, cases have been reported in which the lungs were affected without other organ manifestations. For years, many have been labelled as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). In this ...
Motiwala S R - - 2012
The current standard treatment of chronic heart failure (HF) is based on clinical judgment, with the goal of achieving the maximally tolerated therapeutic program. The complexity of this approach may contribute to the well-established treatment gaps that exist in HF management; consequently, the risks for morbidity and mortality in this ...
Andriulli A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Given the significant side-effects and healthcare costs associated with telaprevir- or boceprevir-combination therapy, identifying patients likely to respond to dual therapy peg-interferon (Peg-IFN)/ribavirin is highly desirable. Since the perception of how large the pool of patients who may achieve rapid virologic response (RVR) is vaguely ascertained, we searched the ...
Makris Konstantinos C - - 2012
Environmental factors, such as storage time, frequency of bottle reuse and temperature, have been shown to facilitate antimony (Sb) leaching from water- and food-packaging materials. The globally escalating consumption of water packaged in Sb-containing bottles, such as that of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), could increase human daily Sb doses. This study ...
Salek S S - - 2012
Silicate minerals can be a source of calcium and alkalinity, enabling CO(2) sequestration in the form of carbonates. For this to occur, the mineral needs to be first dissolved in an acidifying process such as the biological process of anaerobic fermentation. In the present study, the main factors which govern ...
Nakatsuka Takashi - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Japanese gentians (Gentiana triflora and Gentiana scabra) are amongst the most popular floricultural plants in Japan. However, genomic resources for Japanese gentians have not yet been developed, mainly because of the heterozygous genome structure conserved by outcrossing, the long juvenile period, and limited knowledge about the inheritance of ...
Höpler Wolfgang - - 2012
We report a case of nocardiosis in a patient with several risk factors for this rare infection. Radiologically, the patient's multiple lung abscesses were misinterpreted as pulmonary metastases. Diagnosis was finally reached by the growth of Nocardia asteroides in two different blood culture sets. Nocardia bacteraemia is a rare clinical ...
Xu Chuan - - 2012
In the past few decades, despite all the significant achievements in industrial microbial improvement, the approaches of traditional random mutation and selection as well as the rational metabolic engineering based on the local knowledge cannot meet today's needs. With rapid reconstructions and accurate in silico simulations, genome-scale metabolic model (GSMM) ...
Vaibhav Kumar - - 2012
Azadirachta indica Linn. (Meliaceae) has been used from ancient times as a remedy for various ailments. The present study was designed to investigate the antioxidant and anti-apoptotic properties of A. indica seed extract (ASE) in transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rat model. Antioxidant potential of ASE was determined in ...
Figueroa Leonardo T - - 2012
Lithium, generally, occurs in barely trace amounts in ground water with few major exceptions. One of these is the northern area of Chile where all potable water and many of the food stuffs contain high levels of lithium. Surface water can contain between 100 and 10,000 times more than most ...
Y Hu - - 2012
The potential atheroprotective effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), long-acting GLP-1 analogues and inhibitors of the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) are currently the subject of intense research. Recent evidence suggests the effects of DPP-IV inhibitors, may, in-part, be mediated by GLP-1 independent molecular mechanisms. In this report we demonstrate that ...
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