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Jud Schefer R - - 2012
Pharmacogenetics is the study of genetic determinants of different responses to drug therapy and deals with differences in metabolic pathways and therapeutic effects as well as adverse reactions. A common genetic defect found in veterinary medicine is the MDR1 mutation occurring in Collies and related breeds that leads to an ...
Woods Amanda G - - 2012
Whole-body cooling, or therapeutic hypothermia, is increasingly becoming the standard of treatment for moderate to severe neonatal encephalopathy because it reduces neurodevelopmental disabilities and mortality in term neonates. Subcutaneous fat necrosis (SCFN) of the newborn has been identified as a potential side effect of birth asphyxia. In recent literature, there ...
Kohri Kenjiro - - 2012
Prior to human spaceflight the potential problems related to reduced gravitational forces on the musculoskeletal system were recognized, the extent and significance of the changes, however, were not known. Loss of bone mineral density has been a consistent finding after long-duration space flight and long-term bed rest. The main pathogenesis ...
Mallo J - - 2012
The aim of this study was to examine injury incidence in professional football players according to the playing positions and with a special reference to training periodization. A Spanish professional team was followed prospectively for the 2007-08 and 2008-09 seasons and exposure times and time-loss injuries were individually recorded during ...
- - 2012
A caregiver is an unpaid person, typically a family member or friend, who helps an ill person with the physical care and management of a disease. The task of caregiving results in additional responsibilities on the caregiver's daily life, and occupies the caregiver's time, energy, and attention, which is demanding ...
Domagała Piotr - - 2012
Few reports describing the use of organs donated by transplant recipients have been published. In this case report, kidneys procured from a brain-dead liver recipient were transplanted successfully. A 21-year-old man was referred for liver transplant after an overdose of acetaminophen. The patient's kidney function was initially normal, with proper ...
Russi E - - 2012
The differential diagnosis of persistent radiologic pulmonary shadow is broad and is illustrated and discussed with the help of four patients histories. The term chronic pneumonia is a misnomer. Particulary, slowly growing types of lung cancer should be considered as a potential etiology. They are potentially curable by surgical resection. ...
Bass Leon C - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Pleural effusions in ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, whether transudative or exudative, can occur in up to 30% of cases. This disorder is always reversible but may have various clinical presentations and degrees of severity. Although assessing for risk factors to predict clinical severity is helpful, it is rare for ovarian ...
Spatz Diane L - - 2012
Infants born with a giant omphalocele often require multiple surgeries requiring a lengthy hospital stay. These vulnerable infants may experience a long period of being NPO (nothing by mouth), followed by slowly advancing to enteral feeds. Human milk is the ideal method of nutrition for all infants and should be ...
Tan Wen-Fei - - 2012
A patient with acute liver failure and thromboembolism of the internal jugular vein subsequently had a massive pulmonary embolism and died 25 days after orthotopic liver transplant. The primary cause of death was massive pulmonary embolus. This case report highlights the need for clinicians to be aware that fatal embolic ...
Hoffmann Michael - - 2012
Early diagnosis of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and reliable prediction of outcome are essential for determining treatment strategies and allocating resources. This study introduces the Eppendorf-Cologne Scale (ECS) and evaluated its predictive accuracy for outcome and TBI presence compared with those of the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). A retrospective cohort ...
Marin Virna V Centro Ricerca M. Tettamanti, Clinica Pediatrica Università Milano-Bicocca, Ospedale San Gerardo, 20900 Monza, - - 2012
Use of adoptive T-cell therapy (ACT) is increasing; however, T-cell therapy can result in severe toxicity. Consequently, several suicide-gene strategies that allow selective destruction of the infused T cells have been described. We compared effectiveness of four such strategies in vitro in Epstein Barr virus (EBV)-cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). Herpes ...
Staab J - - 2012
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), clinically characterized by contractile dysfunction and ventricular chamber enlargement, is a heterogeneous heart disease leading to progressive systolic heart failure and sudden cardiac death. The etiology of the disease is multifactorial and involves genetic factors, viral infections, autoimmune phenomena, and toxic agents. Within the last two decades, ...
Nowak-Stępniowska Agata - - 2012
Mitochondria are cell energetic centers where ATP is produced. They also play a very important role in the PDT as intracellular sites of photosensitizer localization. Photosensitizers gathering in mitochondria (like porphyrin derivatives used in this work) are more effective in tumor cell destruction. Moreover, it was assumed that di-amino acid ...
Nakanishi Ryota - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Mutations of the KRAS or BRAF genes are now recognized as prognostic markers for colorectal cancer (CRC). They are also important predictive markers for resistance to the monoclonal antibodies that target the epidermal growth factor receptor. METHODS: In this retrospective study, KRAS and BRAF mutations were analyzed using a ...
Kitagawa Atsushi - - 2012
PURPOSE: The objectives of the study were to examine knee kinematics in knees with severe valgus deformities and to compare pre- and post-operative knee kinematics for the same subjects implanted with medial-pivot total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Seven subjects with severe valgus deformities due to osteoarthritis (OA) or rheumatoid arthritis ...
Nührenberg Thomas G - - 2012
Inflammation as a systemic process plays a central role in atherosclerotic plaque progression (PP). Here we investigated other systemic correlates of PP by global gene expression profiling (GEP) in peripheral blood. From a database of 45,727 coronary angiograms, we identified two patient groups with good risk factor control, but different ...
Dunleavy Mark - - 2013
Dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) signalling has been shown to modulate seizure-induced hippocampal cell death. D2R knockout (D2R-/-) mice are more susceptible to kainic acid (KA)-induced excitotoxicity, displaying cell death in the CA3 subfield of the hippocampus at KA doses not damaging in wild-type (WT) animals. Absence of D2R signalling in ...
Ernst Barbara - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a reduction of elevated androgen levels in premenopausal women after marked weight loss induced by bariatric surgery. In this study, we aimed to assess whether circulating androgen levels also decline after bariatric surgery in women displaying normal values preoperatively as well as in postmenopausal women. ...
Niemann M - - 2012
The term diabetic cardiomyopathy was initially introduced in the 1980s when evidence was found that diabetes leads to a distinct cardiomyopathy, independent of coronary artery disease or hypertension. The detection of diabetic cardiomyopathy using echocardiography is challenging because no pathognomonic signs exist; however, it is the merit especially of the ...
Jiang Yumei - - 2012
Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), the first enzyme of phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, participates in the biosynthesis of flavonoids, lignins, stilbenes and many other compounds. In this study, we cloned a 2,326 bp full-length PAL2 gene from Lycoris radiata by using degenerate oligonucleotide primer PCR (DOP-PCR) and the rapid amplification of cDNA ends method. The ...
Takahashi Sho - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study was carried out to compare computed tomographic (CT) gastrography and conventional optical gastroscopy (GS) in order to evaluate the effectiveness of chemotherapy in primary gastric lesions. METHODS: Patients with unresectable advanced and unresected early gastric cancer who had primary lesions and had received chemotherapy were enrolled. ...
Roberts Veena - - 2012
Hypoxic injury occurs when the blood supply to an organ is interrupted; subsequent reperfusion halts ongoing ischemic damage but paradoxically leads to further inflammation. Together this is termed ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). IRI is inherent to organ transplantation and impacts both the short- and long-term outcomes of the transplanted organ. Activation ...
Shepet Kevin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Twenty-five percent of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) cases are hereditary. The ideal age for prophylactic thyroidectomy is based on the specific RET mutation involved. The purpose of this study was to determine whether such age-appropriate prophylactic thyroidectomy results in improved disease-free survival. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients underwent thyroidectomy for hereditary ...
Smyk Daniel S - - 2012
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a progressive cholestatic liver disease serologically characterized by the presence of high-titer antimitochondrial antibodies and, histologically by chronic nonsuppurative cholangitis and granulomata. The aetiology of the disease remains elusive, although genetic, epigenetic, environmental, and infectious factors have been considered important for the induction of the ...
Therasse Ashley - - 2012
New onset diabetes mellitus after transplant (NODAT) refers to the development of diabetes post-transplant in previously non-diabetic patients and is associated with increased rates of acute transplant rejection, infection, late cardiovascular events, and decreased survival. NODAT is primarily due to the immunosuppressive drug regimen but the standard predisposing risk factors ...
Dimou S - - 2012
Historically, brain tumour resection has relied upon standardised anatomical atlases and classical mapping techniques for successful resection. While these have provided adequate results in the past, the emergence of new technologies has heralded a wave of less invasive, patient-specific techniques for the mapping of brain function. Functional magnetic resonance imaging ...
Thompson Richele J RJ Department of Molecular and Structural Biochemistry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, - - 2012
2-Aminoimidazoles (2AIs) have been documented to disrupt bacterial protection mechanisms, including biofilm formation and genetically encoded antibiotic resistance traits. Using Acinetobacter baumannii, we provide initial insight into the mechanism of action of a 2AI-based antibiofilm agent. Confocal microscopy confirmed that the 2AI is cell permeable, while pull-down assays identified BfmR, ...
Ruiz-Medina Jessica - - 2012
RATIONALE: Previous research suggests that chronic daily caffeine administration protects against brain injury in different animal models of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, ischemic and traumatic brain injury, and allergic encephalitis. However, little is known about the effects of chronic caffeine administration on 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-induced neuroinflammation. OBJECTIVE: ...
Colson Philippe - - 2012
The family "Marseilleviridae" is a new proposed taxon for giant viruses that infect amoebae. Its first member, Acanthamoeba polyphaga marseillevirus (APMaV), was isolated in 2007 by culturing on amoebae a water sample collected from a cooling tower in Paris, France. APMaV has an icosahedral shape with a diameter of ≈250 nm. ...
Babaie Mahdi - - 2012
Many snake venoms comprise different factors, which can either promote or inhibit the blood coagulation pathway. Coagulation disorders and hemorrhage belong to the most prominent features of bites of the many vipers. A number of these factors interact with components of the human blood coagulation. This study is focused on ...
Inzirillo Francesco - - 2012
Chest drain insertion is a simple procedure with very low morbidity and mortality. The correct procedure provides for a good fixation of the drainage to the skin. An alternative "Roman Sandal technique" for securing the chest drain to the skin is proposed compared to the classical methods. The main feature ...
Ziaei Mohammed - - 2012
A 37-year old general practitioner thought to be in good health presented to the ophthalmology department with palinopsia, headaches and transient visual obscurations. A CT scan revealed a large destructive lesion centred on the occiput and stealth guided excisional biopsy of the occipital lesion showed diffuse large B cell, Non-Hodgkin's ...
Linnman C C P.A.I.N. Group, Department Anesthesiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA. - - 2013
We review current concepts in CRPS from a neuroimaging perspective and point out topics and potential mechanisms that are suitable to be investigated in the next step towards understanding the pathophysiology of CRPS. We have outlined functional aspects of the syndrome, from initiating lesion via inflammatory mechanisms to CNS change ...
Xu Liangliang - - 2012
N-cadherin, a calcium-dependent cellular adhesive protein, plays important roles during embryonic development and bone formation. The potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in osteoblast differentiation and homing to the sites of injury make it a promising cell resource for tissue engineering. However, the role of N-cadherin in MSCs osteoblast differentiation ...
Desai Pinaki R PR College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Florida A&M University, 1520 S MLK Jr. Blvd., Tallahassee, Florida, 32307, - - 2013
To investigate the percutaneous permeation pathways of cell penetrating peptide modified lipid nanoparticles and oleic acid modified polymeric nanoparticles. Confocal microscopy was performed on skin cultures (EpiDermFT™) for modified and un-modified nanoparticles. Differential stripping was performed following in vitro skin permeation of Ibuprofen (Ibu) encapsulated nanoparticles to estimate Ibu levels ...
Flamm Heinz - - 2012
Franz Schneider (13.09.1812-29.11.1897) in 1850 was appointed the first lecturer on "Chemistry for physicians" by the Viennese university. Two years later he accepted the professorship in the military medical schools in the "Josephinum" from where he shifted to the philosophical faculty as professor of "Common and medical chemistry". Soon after ...
Neiman M M Department of Biology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2013
The predominance of sexual reproduction despite its costs indicates that sex provides substantial benefits, which are usually thought to derive from the direct genetic consequences of recombination and syngamy. While genetic benefits of sex are certainly important, sexual and asexual individuals, lineages, or populations may also differ in physiological and ...
Minniti Giuseppe - - 2012
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has been increasingly employed as an alternative to whole brain radiation therapy in patients with brain metastases, with the aim to reduce its potential toxicity. We have evaluated clinical outcomes of SRS as initial treatment for brain metastases in patients 70 years and older. Between November 2007 and ...
Guerrero Ana T - - 2012
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) and its receptor (PAFR) have been shown to be involved in several inflammatory events, including neutrophil chemoattraction and nociception. The present study addressed the role of PAF in the genesis of articular hyperalgesia in a model of joint inflammation. Zymosan-induced articular hyperalgesia, oedema and neutrophil migration were ...
Ding Zhen-Yu - - 2012
The antiapoptotic factor Livin has been considered critical for tumor progression and poor prognosis for variant types of tumors. However, there are only limited reports regarding its expression and biological functions in colon cancer. Here, we examined Livin expression in four colon cancer cell lines (HCT116, RKO, KM12C, and SW620) ...
Bonvehí J Serra - - 2012
The aim of this work is to determine the content of essential and toxic elements in 25 raw propolis samples, when considering pollution agents and geographical and botanical factors. The microwave-assisted digestion was the most reliable and accurate method for determination of inorganic elements in propolis samples. The results were ...
Van Opstaele Filip - - 2012
In this study, headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) were optimised and implemented to investigate the volatile composition of novel floral hop essences prepared from four German aroma hop varieties. In total, ninety-one different constituents were assigned, which were further grouped into monoterpene hydrocarbons, esters, ketones, ...
Jin Shang-Hui - - 2012
Trans-zeatin is a kind of cytokinins that plays a crucial role in plant growth and development. The master trans-zeatin O-glucosyltransferase of Arabidopsis thaliana, UGT85A1, has been previously identified through biochemical approach. To determine the in planta role of UGT85A1 gene, the characterization of transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpressing UGT85A1 was carried ...
Linsler Stefan - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: LiquoGuard is a new device for intracranial pressure (ICP)-controlled drainage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This present study evaluates the accuracy of ICP measurement via the LiquoGuard device in comparison with Spiegelberg. Thus, we compared data ascertained from simultaneous measurement of ICP using tip-transducer and tip-sensor devices. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Zhou Houjiang - - 2012
Mass spectrometry (MS)-based phosphoproteomics has achieved extraordinary successes in qualitative and quantitative analysis of cellular protein phosphorylation. Considering that an estimated level of phosphorylation in a cell is placed at well above 100,000 sites, there is still much room for improvement. Here, we attempt to extend the depth of phosphoproteome ...
Rivers Susan E - - 2012
The RULER Approach ("RULER") is a setting-level, social and emotional learning program that is grounded in theory and evidence. RULER is designed to modify the quality of classroom social interactions so that the climate becomes more supportive, empowering, and engaging. This is accomplished by integrating skill-building lessons and tools so ...
Mathur Shishir - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In selected patients, stress-only SPECT imaging has been proposed as an alternative to rest-stress SPECT imaging to improve laboratory efficiency and reduce radiation exposure. The impact of attenuation correction (AC) upon interpretation, post-test patient management and cardiac risk stratification in relation to stress-only imaging is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: ...
Straburzyńska-Lupa Anna - - 2012
In this study, the levels of bone turnover markers (BTMs) and bone mineral density (BMD) were studied in relation to body mass and several inflammatory markers, in postmenopausal patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Fifty-nine postmenopausal women with active RA (lean, overweight, obese) were studied. The femoral BMD and serum levels ...
Sawaki Yoshiharu - - 2012
Many plant species excrete organic acids into the rhizosphere in response to aluminum stress to protect sensitive cells from aluminum rhizotoxicity. When the roots of Eucalyptus camaldulensis, a major source of pulp production, were incubated in aluminum-toxic medium, citrate released into the solution increased as a function of time. Citrate ...
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