Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2820
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Sharma A - - 2012
The aim of this study was to establish the effects of core strengthening exercise program on trunk instability in response to vertical jump performances and static balance variables in volleyball players. As a core stabilization program aids in developing a stable spine over the pelvis and improves trunk stability this ...
Cannon Anne - - 2012
Ventricular assist devices (VADs) are a surgical treatment for heart failure. These devices may be implanted as a bridge to transplant or as destination therapy. After surgical recovery and education regarding device care, patients are discharged home. Meticulous care of the driveline must be taken to prevent infection and trauma ...
Bardach Ariel - - 2012
: Varicella-zoster virus causes chickenpox and herpes zoster. More than 90% of varicella cases occur in childhood. The aim of this study was to gather all relevant information on epidemiology and resource use in Latin America and the Caribbean since 2000. : Epidemiologic studies published since 2000 with at least ...
Kottner J - - 2012
The development of the Glamorgan Paediatric Pressure Ulcer Risk Assessment Scale was based on empirical data. This instrument was translated into German for application in a hospital in Berlin. Psychometric properties of scale scores of the German version in a paediatric intensive care setting are unknown. In the current study, ...
Stalder J - - 2012
Three case studies exemplify the role of smell and its associations with memories, paramount life episodes and critical decisions. Specific food and drinks resp. their fragrances may be of particular importance in multimorbid and terminally ill patients. A "white hat round" by a particularly trained hospital cook is proposed.
Vadalà A - - 2012
The aim of this paper was to report clinical, functional and radiological results of 80 patients surgically treated with a combined mini-open and percutaneous surgical repair as proposed by Kakiuchi. All patients were evaluated with a physical examination, evaluation scales, a functional test (Ergo-jump Bosco System), and an ultrasonographic exam ...
Müntener C - - 2012
167 adverse reactions of Swissmedic-authorized veterinary medicinal products were reported during the year 2011 (2010: 160). Species and drug classes remain comparable with previous years: most of the reactions occurred following the use of antiparasitic products (39 %), antiinfectives (20 %) or non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (11 %) in companion animals ...
Välimäki Tarja - - 2012
Family caregivers provide the majority of home care of people with Alzheimer's disease. In this study, we discuss family caregivers' life orientation and changes in life orientation during the first year after the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. Family caregivers' unstructured diaries (n = 83), of the first six months after diagnosis (years ...
Cahoon William D - - 2012
To review available evidence about the safety and efficacy of alemtuzumab for induction of immunosuppression in heart transplant recipients. Searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were conducted. Key search terms included alemtuzumab, Campath-1H, CD52, lymphocyte, cytolytic, induction, immunosuppression, rejection, and cardiac transplantation. Additional pertinent data were identified through a ...
Wagner Jean A - - 2012
Cancer after heart transplant is recognized as a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. A man's clinical course after receiving a heart transplant is described, with emphasis on important clinical considerations in the care of heart transplant recipients.
Xu Hui - - 2012
UVB radiation stimulates the production of vitamin D and also has immunosuppressive effects. Vitamin D is also known to alter immunological function. Thus, a relevant question is whether vitamin D is a mediator of the immunological effects of UVB. In this issue, Schwarz et al. have addressed this issue and ...
Dorflinger Lindsey - - 2012
Although recent studies have demonstrated that tissue requesters' behavior during conversations about tissue donation affects consent rates, the link between requesters' behavior and consent rates remains unclear. To examine whether positive/collaborative requester behaviors elicit complementary behaviors from next of kin who were initially undecided about their willingness to donate their ...
Weiss Kevin B - - 2012
There is a substantial international body of research that supports the value of the use of multisource feedback (MSF) for physician performance assessment. In this issue, Wright and colleagues add to this body of literature by examining two instruments designed to collect MSF from large cohorts of patients and colleagues ...
Holmboe Eric S - - 2012
Multisource feedback (MSF) is often promoted as a useful approach for formative assessment and is increasingly becoming part of regulatory-based assessment programs, such as revalidation and maintenance of certification. However, to achieve the full potential of MSF, substantially more attention should be directed at the specific purpose of the MSF ...
van der Wilden Gwendolyn M - - 2012
Pneumothoraces (PTXs) are a common entity in thoracic trauma. Micropower impulse radar (MIR) has been able to detect PTXs in surgical patients. However, this technology has not been tested previously on trauma patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of MIR to detect clinically ...
Todd S Rob - - 2012
Studies have documented a correlation between hypothyroxinemia and mortality in critically ill patients; however, there are limited data in sepsis. The objective of this study was to assess baseline thyroid function studies and their association with mortality in surgical sepsis. We hypothesized that the relatively decreased levels of free thyroxine ...
Krieger Andrew R - - 2012
In pediatric trauma patients, adult triage criteria that use mechanism of injury (MOI) have been shown to result in overactivation of trauma teams. Anatomy- and physiology-based (APB) triage criteria have been recommended to improve the accuracy of trauma activations. At our Level 1 academic tertiary pediatric trauma referral center, we ...
Van Haren Robert M - - 2012
Trauma center performance depends on quality metrics, such as mortality rates, but there have been few studies on how an exact definition of death can influence these statistics. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the mortality rate at one trauma center could be influenced by ...
Weisbrod Allison B - - 2012
Previous studies have documented short-term functional outcomes for patients sustaining penetrating brain injuries (PBIs). However, little is known regarding the long-term functional outcome in this patient population. Therefore, we sought to describe the long-term functional outcomes of combat casualties sustaining PBI. Prospective data were collected from 2,443 patients admitted to ...
Burlew Clay Cothren - - 2012
In the past three decades, there has been a significant clinical shift in the performance of resuscitative thoracotomy (RT), from a nearly obligatory procedure before declaring any trauma patient deceased to a more selective application of RT. We have sought to formulate an evidence-based guideline for the current indications for ...
Kutcher Matthew E - - 2012
Tissue injury leads to the release of DAMPs (damage-associated molecular patterns) that may drive a sterile inflammatory response; however, the role of extracellular histone levels after traumatic injury remains unexplored. We hypothesized that extracellular histone levels would be increased and associated with poor outcomes after traumatic injury. In this prognostic ...
Ballow Shana L - - 2012
In the emergency department (ED) of a teaching hospital, rapid sequence intubation (RSI) is performed by physicians with a wide range of experience. A variety of medications have been used for RSI, with potential for inadequate or excessive dosing as well as complications including hypotension and the need for redosing. ...
Kulvatunyou Narong - - 2012
Small 14F pigtail catheters (PCs) have been shown to drain air quite well in patients with traumatic pneumothorax (PTX). But their effectiveness in draining blood in patients with traumatic hemothorax (HTX) or hemopneumothorax (HPTX) is unknown. We hypothesized that 14F PCs can drain blood as well as large-bore 32F to ...
Harvin John A - - 2012
Early fixation (<24 hour) of femur fractures with an intramedullary nail (IMN) has been associated with a decreased incidence of pulmonary complication (PC) in stable trauma patients. Early fixation is in accordance with the "two-hit" hypothesis, that is, an increase in proinflammatory markers during Days 3 to 5 after injury, ...
Bein Thomas - - 2012
Advances in oxygenator membrane, vascular cannula, and centrifugal pump technologies led to the miniaturization of extracorporeal lung support (ECLS) and simplified its insertion and use. Support of combat injuries complicated by severe respiratory failure requires critical care resources not sustainable in the deployed environment. In response to this need, a ...
Jin Guang - - 2012
We have previously demonstrated that valproic acid (VPA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, can improve survival after hemorrhagic shock (HS), protect neurons from hypoxia-induced apoptosis, and attenuate the inflammatory response. We have also shown that administration of 6% hetastarch (Hextend [Hex]) after traumatic brain injury (TBI) decreases brain swelling, without affecting ...
Inaba Kenji - - 2012
Although uncomfortable for the operating team, trauma operating room (OR) temperatures have traditionally been kept warm in an attempt to mitigate intraoperative heat loss. The purpose of this study was to examine how ambient OR temperatures impact core temperature in patients undergoing emergent surgery for trauma. Injured adult patients requiring ...
Sugerman David E - - 2012
Patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), head Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) score of 3 or greater, who are indirectly transported from the scene of injury to a nontrauma center can experience delays to definitive neurosurgical management. Transport to a hospital with appropriate initial emergency department treatment and rapid admission ...
Drake Frederick Thurston - - 2012
Surgery resident education is based on experiential training, which is influenced by changes in clinical management strategies, technical and technologic advances, and administrative regulations. Trauma care has been exposed to each of these factors, prompting concerns about resident experience in operative trauma. The current study analyzed the reported volume of ...
Dua Anahita - - 2012
The effectiveness of damage-control resuscitation (DCR) has been demonstrated in recent US conflicts. Wartime casualties treated for hemorrhagic shock from vascular wounds were studied to report the 24-hour transfusion requirements, graft patency, and amputation-free survival for major vascular injuries. Joint Theater Trauma Registry data from August 2006 to April 2011 ...
Chao Wai-Nang - - 2012
The Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) score has been verified as a useful diagnostic tool for detecting necrotizing fasciitis (NF). Its application, however, is mainly for NF types I and II. The practical relevance of the LRINEC score for Vibro vulnificus-related skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) was ...
Schneider Jeffrey C - - 2012
Transfer to acute care from rehabilitation represents an interruption in a patient's recovery and a potential deficiency in quality of care. The objective of this study was to examine predictors of transfer to acute care in the inpatient burn rehabilitation population. Data are obtained from Uniform Data System for Medical ...
Hoffmann Michael - - 2012
Early diagnosis of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and reliable prediction of outcome are essential for determining treatment strategies and allocating resources. This study introduces the Eppendorf-Cologne Scale (ECS) and evaluated its predictive accuracy for outcome and TBI presence compared with those of the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). A retrospective cohort ...
Atallah Ehab - - 2012
Myelofibrosis (MF), a Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasm, is a life-threatening heterogeneous disorder characterized by dysregulation of the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling network. The clinical hallmarks of MF are progressive splenomegaly, anemia and debilitating symptoms attributable to ineffective hematopoiesis and excessive production of proinflammatory cytokines. ...
Passalacqua Giovanni - - 2012
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a high-prevalence disease, sustained by an IgE-triggered reaction with histamine release, followed by an inflammatory response which involves cells, mediators, cytokines and adhesion molecules. According to its duration, AR can be either intermittent or persistent. In the persistent form, the inflammatory component usually predominates. The current ...
Kimura Dai - - 2012
Our goal was to determine the factors associated with prolonged acidosis in children with diabetic ketoacidosis. The records of all children (109 admissions, 86 patients) admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) during a 3-year period with the diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis were analyzed. The charts were reviewed after ...
Megerle K - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes of dorsal intercarpal ligament capsulodesis for the treatment of static scapholunate instability at a minimum follow-up of four years. A total of 59 patients who underwent capsulodesis for this condition were included in a retrospective analysis after ...
Angadi D S DS Northampton General Hospital, Cliftonville, Northampton NN1 5BD, UK. - - 2012
The aim of this prospective randomised study was to compare the clinical and radiological results of a cemented all-polyethylene Ultima acetabular component with those of a cementless porous-coated acetabular component (PFC) following total hip replacement (THR). A total of 287 patients received either a polyethylene acetabular component (group A) or a ...
Vlatten Arnim A Department of Pediatric Anesthesia, IWK Health Centre, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. - - 2012
Airway management in children with cervical spine may make direct laryngoscopy difficult. Video laryngoscopy is an alternative to direct laryngoscopy. The GlideScope video laryngoscope, successfully used in expected and unexpected difficult pediatric airway situations, has not been studied so far in children with cervical spine immobilization. A total of 23 ...
Shin Andrew A Department of Ophthalmology, Jules Stein Eye Institute, Los Angeles, California 90095-7002, - - 2012
Intramuscular innervation of horizontal rectus extraocular muscles (EOMs) is segregated into superior and inferior (transverse) compartments, while all EOMs are also divided into global (GL) and orbital (OL) layers with scleral and pulley insertions, respectively. We sought evidence of potential independent action by examining passive mechanical coupling between EOM compartments. ...
Nowak-Stępniowska Agata - - 2012
Mitochondria are cell energetic centers where ATP is produced. They also play a very important role in the PDT as intracellular sites of photosensitizer localization. Photosensitizers gathering in mitochondria (like porphyrin derivatives used in this work) are more effective in tumor cell destruction. Moreover, it was assumed that di-amino acid ...
Nakanishi Ryota - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Mutations of the KRAS or BRAF genes are now recognized as prognostic markers for colorectal cancer (CRC). They are also important predictive markers for resistance to the monoclonal antibodies that target the epidermal growth factor receptor. METHODS: In this retrospective study, KRAS and BRAF mutations were analyzed using a ...
Colson Philippe - - 2012
The family "Marseilleviridae" is a new proposed taxon for giant viruses that infect amoebae. Its first member, Acanthamoeba polyphaga marseillevirus (APMaV), was isolated in 2007 by culturing on amoebae a water sample collected from a cooling tower in Paris, France. APMaV has an icosahedral shape with a diameter of ≈250 nm. ...
Nührenberg Thomas G - - 2012
Inflammation as a systemic process plays a central role in atherosclerotic plaque progression (PP). Here we investigated other systemic correlates of PP by global gene expression profiling (GEP) in peripheral blood. From a database of 45,727 coronary angiograms, we identified two patient groups with good risk factor control, but different ...
Ernst Barbara - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a reduction of elevated androgen levels in premenopausal women after marked weight loss induced by bariatric surgery. In this study, we aimed to assess whether circulating androgen levels also decline after bariatric surgery in women displaying normal values preoperatively as well as in postmenopausal women. ...
Shepet Kevin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Twenty-five percent of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) cases are hereditary. The ideal age for prophylactic thyroidectomy is based on the specific RET mutation involved. The purpose of this study was to determine whether such age-appropriate prophylactic thyroidectomy results in improved disease-free survival. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients underwent thyroidectomy for hereditary ...
Babaie Mahdi - - 2012
Many snake venoms comprise different factors, which can either promote or inhibit the blood coagulation pathway. Coagulation disorders and hemorrhage belong to the most prominent features of bites of the many vipers. A number of these factors interact with components of the human blood coagulation. This study is focused on ...
Therasse Ashley - - 2012
New onset diabetes mellitus after transplant (NODAT) refers to the development of diabetes post-transplant in previously non-diabetic patients and is associated with increased rates of acute transplant rejection, infection, late cardiovascular events, and decreased survival. NODAT is primarily due to the immunosuppressive drug regimen but the standard predisposing risk factors ...
Smyk Daniel S - - 2012
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a progressive cholestatic liver disease serologically characterized by the presence of high-titer antimitochondrial antibodies and, histologically by chronic nonsuppurative cholangitis and granulomata. The aetiology of the disease remains elusive, although genetic, epigenetic, environmental, and infectious factors have been considered important for the induction of the ...
Xu Liangliang - - 2012
N-cadherin, a calcium-dependent cellular adhesive protein, plays important roles during embryonic development and bone formation. The potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in osteoblast differentiation and homing to the sites of injury make it a promising cell resource for tissue engineering. However, the role of N-cadherin in MSCs osteoblast differentiation ...
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