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Results 201 - 250 of 2827
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Bonaiuto M - - 2012
The aim of the study was the evaluation of the autonomic cardiac function in professional soccer players by heart rate recovery (HRR) measurement after 1' or 2' of active recovery (HRR1 or HRR2, respectively) from an exercise stress test. Ninety-two adult professional soccer players (aged 25.27 ± 4.06 years). The ...
Weisbrod Allison B - - 2012
Previous studies have documented short-term functional outcomes for patients sustaining penetrating brain injuries (PBIs). However, little is known regarding the long-term functional outcome in this patient population. Therefore, we sought to describe the long-term functional outcomes of combat casualties sustaining PBI. Prospective data were collected from 2,443 patients admitted to ...
Henzen C - - 2012
Insulinoma are rare tumours with an incidence of 4/100'000, supposedly hypoglycaemic symptoms, however, are often attributed to people without diabetes mellitus. The many different causes of hypoglycaemic disorders are best classified in whether occurring in healthy-appearing or ill patients. Patient's history and physical examination allow to substantiate the suspected hyperinsulinaemic ...
Min Li - - 2012
Harms technique of C1-C2 fixation for atlantoaxial complex becomes more popular due to good fusion rate and low vertebral artery injury (VAI) rate. But considering the unique and variable anatomy of atlantoaxial complex, iatrogenic VAI will result in catastrophic consequences and provides particular surgical challenges for surgeons. To our knowledge, ...
Reynolds P Preston - - 2012
The community health center (CHC), or neighborhood health center as it was originally known, was an innovation developed under President Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty to address the needs of poor urban and rural Americans. The ranks of CHCs have grown from 8 pilot health centers in 1965 to more ...
Go J - - 2012
Epizootic ulcerative syndrome was diagnosed, and the presence of Aphanomyces invadans confirmed, from an outbreak of clinical disease in wild-caught bony bream (Nematalosa erebi) from the Darling River near Bourke, in New South Wales, Australia, during 2008. This confirms a significant extension of the agent beyond its historical range.
Caixeta Camila Roberto da Costa Borges - - 2012
In this exploratory and descriptive research, we identified the meaning of religion and spirituality in the experience of patients at a public health service for treatment of HIV/AIDS in a Brazilian upcountry town. Eight participants were selected through theoretical sampling. Data were collected through semistructured interviews, and analyzed by means ...
Reinhart W - - 2012
A female patient with primary sclerosing cholangitis developed a cholangiocarcinoma (Klatskin tumor) at the age of 42 years. It was successfully resected by hemihepatectomy and hepaticojejunostomy. In the next 15 years she had recurrent episodes of bacterial cholangitis and had to be hospitalized several times a year for intravenous antibiotitics. ...
Aziz Khalid - - 2012
: To describe the implementation and outcomes of delayed cord clamping (DCC) in preterm babies. : Following staff orientation, a policy of DCC for 45 seconds was instituted for all eligible babies born between 28 and 32 weeks' gestational age, and later to all those younger than 33 weeks. : ...
Coe D P - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to determine the association between health-related fitness (HRF) and academic achievement in middle school youth. Subjects were 312 middle school students. HRF was assessed using the FITNESSGRAM test battery. Students were grouped by the number of fitness tests in which they performed within ...
Gavaskar Ashok-S - - 2012
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) for an untreated acetabular fracture is technically challenging and the long-term result is not so favorable. A 45-year-old female patient with untreated column and comminuted posterior wall fracture of the acetabulum was treated in our institution by reconstruction of the posterior wall using iliac strut autograft ...
Sharma A - - 2012
The aim of this study was to establish the effects of core strengthening exercise program on trunk instability in response to vertical jump performances and static balance variables in volleyball players. As a core stabilization program aids in developing a stable spine over the pelvis and improves trunk stability this ...
Cannon Anne - - 2012
Ventricular assist devices (VADs) are a surgical treatment for heart failure. These devices may be implanted as a bridge to transplant or as destination therapy. After surgical recovery and education regarding device care, patients are discharged home. Meticulous care of the driveline must be taken to prevent infection and trauma ...
Bardach Ariel - - 2012
: Varicella-zoster virus causes chickenpox and herpes zoster. More than 90% of varicella cases occur in childhood. The aim of this study was to gather all relevant information on epidemiology and resource use in Latin America and the Caribbean since 2000. : Epidemiologic studies published since 2000 with at least ...
Kottner J - - 2012
The development of the Glamorgan Paediatric Pressure Ulcer Risk Assessment Scale was based on empirical data. This instrument was translated into German for application in a hospital in Berlin. Psychometric properties of scale scores of the German version in a paediatric intensive care setting are unknown. In the current study, ...
Stalder J - - 2012
Three case studies exemplify the role of smell and its associations with memories, paramount life episodes and critical decisions. Specific food and drinks resp. their fragrances may be of particular importance in multimorbid and terminally ill patients. A "white hat round" by a particularly trained hospital cook is proposed.
Shimazaki Haruo - - 2012
Autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegias (AR-HSP) constitute a heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative diseases involving pyramidal tracts dysfunction. The genes responsible for many types of AR-HSPs remain unknown. We attempted to identify the gene responsible for AR-HSP with optic atrophy and neuropathy. The present study involved two patients in a consanguineous ...
Stephan R - - 2012
In meat samples from 2 hunted red deer (Cervus elaphus) of different origins (region Ilanz, region Filisur) large-scale greenish tissue discolorations with a gelatinous change of fascia were observed and diagnosed as eosinophilic fasciitis. Sarcocystis hjorti, a recently described Sarcocystis species in red deer and moose in Norway, was found ...
Rubin Peter - - 2012
Beginning in December 2012, all UK doctors will be required to complete a periodic revalidation process conducted by the General Medical Council (GMC) to retain their licence to practise medicine. Regular appraisals, based on the GMC's core guidance for doctors, will be used by responsible officers to evaluate a doctor's ...
Kulvatunyou Narong - - 2012
Small 14F pigtail catheters (PCs) have been shown to drain air quite well in patients with traumatic pneumothorax (PTX). But their effectiveness in draining blood in patients with traumatic hemothorax (HTX) or hemopneumothorax (HPTX) is unknown. We hypothesized that 14F PCs can drain blood as well as large-bore 32F to ...
Dorflinger Lindsey - - 2012
Although recent studies have demonstrated that tissue requesters' behavior during conversations about tissue donation affects consent rates, the link between requesters' behavior and consent rates remains unclear. To examine whether positive/collaborative requester behaviors elicit complementary behaviors from next of kin who were initially undecided about their willingness to donate their ...
Smith Joan Renaud - - 2012
Infants born prematurely lose the protection of the uterus at a time of fetal development when the brain is growing and organizing exponentially. Environmental factors such as stress in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) may play a role in altered brain maturation and neurobehavioral outcomes. Strategies aimed at reducing ...
Kido Rika - - 2012
Mechanical stress to bone plays an important role in the maintenance of bone homeostasis. Mechanical stress initiates multiple signaling pathways in osteocytes and osteoblasts. Mechanical stress to bone induces fluid shear stress (FSS) caused by a change in extracellular fluid flow. FSS induces Ca(2 + ) influx that activates downstream ...
Kiernan Michael S - - 2012
In patients with heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF), renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade reduces morbidity and mortality, but comes at an increased risk of adverse events (AEs). We utilized the HEAAL trial data to identify predictors of the most frequent investigator-reported AEs. The HEAAL trial investigated the relationship ...
Tsirikos A I - - 2012
We reviewed 212 consecutive patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis who underwent posterior spinal arthrodesis using all pedicle screw instrumentation in terms of clinical, radiological and Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 outcomes. In Group 1 (51 patients), the correction was performed over two rods using bilateral segmental pedicle screws. In Group 2 (161 ...
O'Dougherty Maureen - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Examine interactive effects of life events, perceived stress and depressive symptoms during a randomized controlled aerobics intervention among women (aged 18-30) in the urban U.S. Midwest, 2006-2009. METHOD: Participants [n=372 at baseline and n=303 at follow up] completed perceived stress, depressive symptoms and life events scales at baseline and ...
Ohshima Hiroshi - - 2012
Bone loss and urolithiasis are inevitable outcome in human space flight and long-duration bet rest. The rate of space flight induced bone loss is 10 times faster than in those with osteoporosis. Significant bone loss at weight bearing bones, elevated urinary calcium excretion, and un-coupling of bone resorption and bone ...
Simoni P - - 2012
Superior labral anterior to posterior (SLAP) tears include a number of abnormal changes of the superior glenoid labrum. SLAP tears have been first reported in elite young atlete and are caused by repetitive overhead motion or by a fall on an outstretched arm. SLAP can lead to chronic pain and ...
Rich Eugene C - - 2012
The primary-care-oriented Teaching Health Center Graduate Medical Education (THCGME) program funded by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 offers opportunities to explore alternative solutions to such graduate medical education (GME) policy issues as institutional indirect educational costs, variations in trainee-related productivity gains, and the program costs of ...
Zhang Peng - - 2012
High-velocity penetrating pelvic injury is one of the most difficult challenges to trauma surgeons. The injury sites frequently include soft tissue, pelvis, genitourinary tract, vascular structures and intraabdominal viscera. We present an unusual case of a male patient suffering a collision at night with a deformed steel bar penetrating into ...
Vernillo G - - 2012
This study aims to examine the cardiovascular responses during an indoor race walking competition over the distance of 3-km for female and 5-km for male athletes. During the Italian indoor RW Championship heart rate was monitored on eleven well trained race walkers (five men and six women) and then refereed ...
Moreira A - - 2012
The present study compared the ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and immune-endocrine (IgA and cortisol) responses to simulated training matches (TM) and official matches (OM) in elite young male basketball players (N.=10). Saliva samples were collected from each player before and after three TM and two OM and subsequently tested ...
Portocarrero B - - 2012
Secondary hypogammaglobulinemia may be a relevant predisposing condition in patients with recurrent bacterial upper airway disease (pneumonia, sinusitis) or first-time opportunistic infection, particularly if additional immunosuppressive factors like underlying hematological disease or immunosuppressive therapy are present. As an example, we present a retired farmer with myeloma, treated Hodgkin-lymphoma and hypogammaglobulinemia ...
Sakuma Mayumi - - 2012
Osteoporosis is one of the main diseases of the locomotive syndrome. Exercise therapy is a basic approach for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, and is effective for increasing bone mineral density and preventing fall. Single foothold standing with the eyes open for one minute and squatting by "rokotore" are recommended ...
Thanakwang Kattika - - 2012
In this qualitative study, we provide an in-depth understanding of the views of healthy aging among Thai elderly and explore the ways that contribute to healthy aging. Data were collected using focus groups and in-depth interviews in four selected provinces of Thailand, and were analyzed using content analysis. The results ...
Ballow Shana L - - 2012
In the emergency department (ED) of a teaching hospital, rapid sequence intubation (RSI) is performed by physicians with a wide range of experience. A variety of medications have been used for RSI, with potential for inadequate or excessive dosing as well as complications including hypotension and the need for redosing. ...
Välimäki Tarja - - 2012
Family caregivers provide the majority of home care of people with Alzheimer's disease. In this study, we discuss family caregivers' life orientation and changes in life orientation during the first year after the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. Family caregivers' unstructured diaries (n = 83), of the first six months after diagnosis (years ...
Qu Zhi-Gang - - 2012
Objective: To report the technique of reconstruction of large skin and soft tissue defects in the upper extremity using pedicled latissimus dorsi myocu-taneous flaps. Methods: Six patients with large skin and soft tissue defects were included in this report. There were 5 trauma patients and the rest one needed to ...
Eamens Gj - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the sensitivity and cross-reactivity of six serological enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) based on serovar-independent antigens of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (App). DESIGN: An experimental pig trial using direct or natural challenge with App and direct challenge or vaccination using other common respiratory pathogens. PROCEDURE: A 39-kDa outer membrane protein ...
Zhang Gong-Lin - - 2012
A 48-year-old man sustained a traffic accident injury to his left leg. It was an open fracture of the left tibia and fibula accompanied by a large soft tissue defect (27 cm multiply 7 cm). Doppler examination revealed the posterior tibial artery was occluded due to thrombosis. Three weeks after ...
Kadivar Maliheh - - 2012
With an increased demand in the clinical field, physicians and nursing leaders in Iran have been working on developing an advanced practice nursing role. A neonatal nurse practitioner (NNP) program was developed by Tehran Medical University with cooperation of Iran's Neonatologist Association. The first group of master's students started their ...
Melloh M - - 2012
Blood lactate concentration (BLC) has been the basis of rational performance diagnostics for almost five decades. Aim of this study was to identify the variability of the BLC during repeated constant power tests (VC-BLC) and to quantify the corresponding variability of changes in the BLC over time (VC-BLC-Difference). Twelve healthy ...
Hachiya T - - 2012
This study evaluated whether central command plays an important role in activating muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) during short-term maximal handgrip contractions. The increase in MSNA was examined while influence of minimizing for other factors such as mechanoreflex, metaboreflex and fatigue during repetitive exercise in seven 19- to 26-year-old participants. ...
van der Wilden Gwendolyn M - - 2012
Pneumothoraces (PTXs) are a common entity in thoracic trauma. Micropower impulse radar (MIR) has been able to detect PTXs in surgical patients. However, this technology has not been tested previously on trauma patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of MIR to detect clinically ...
Wallace D F - - 2012
Intra-operative, peri-articular injection of local anaesthesia is an increasingly popular way of controlling pain following total knee replacement. At the same time, the problems associated with allogenic blood transfusion have led to interest in alternative methods for managing blood loss after total knee replacement, including the use of auto-transfusion of ...
Larsson Ingrid - - 2012
In this study, patients' experiences of a nurse-led rheumatology clinic for those undergoing biological therapy are discussed. The study had an explorative design, based on a qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. Strategic sampling was used in order to achieve variations in experiences of a nurse-led clinic. Interviews were ...
Wang Hai-Yan - - 2012
Objective: To explore the changes of Treg-Th17 balance influenced by corticosterone, major effect hormone of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis under running stress. Methods: A total of 25 corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) wildtype (CRH+/+) and knockout (CRH-/-) mice were adopt and divided into 4 groups as follows: CRH+/+ ctrl, CRH+/+ stress, CRH-/- ctrl ...
Saini Pramod - - 2012
When compared to adults, pediatric fractures unite readily and nonunion is quite rare. Nonunion is often associated with open fractures, operative interventions, infection, pediatric osteogenesis imperfecta and neurofibromatosis. There are only a few studies and reports mentioning nonunion following conservative ma- nagement of closed pediatric fractures. We report here a ...
Halbritter Jan - - 2012
To identify disease-causing mutations within coding regions of 11 known NPHP genes (NPHP1-NPHP11) in a cohort of 192 patients diagnosed with a nephronophthisis-associated ciliopathy, at low cost. Mutation analysis was carried out using PCR-based 48.48 Access Array microfluidic technology (Fluidigm) with consecutive next-generation sequencing. We applied a 10-fold primer multiplexing ...
Jin Guang - - 2012
We have previously demonstrated that valproic acid (VPA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, can improve survival after hemorrhagic shock (HS), protect neurons from hypoxia-induced apoptosis, and attenuate the inflammatory response. We have also shown that administration of 6% hetastarch (Hextend [Hex]) after traumatic brain injury (TBI) decreases brain swelling, without affecting ...
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