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Results 101 - 150 of 2820
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Eamens Gj - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the sensitivity and cross-reactivity of six serological enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) based on serovar-independent antigens of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (App). DESIGN: An experimental pig trial using direct or natural challenge with App and direct challenge or vaccination using other common respiratory pathogens. PROCEDURE: A 39-kDa outer membrane protein ...
- - 2012
A caregiver is an unpaid person, typically a family member or friend, who helps an ill person with the physical care and management of a disease. The task of caregiving results in additional responsibilities on the caregiver's daily life, and occupies the caregiver's time, energy, and attention, which is demanding ...
Ohshima Hiroshi - - 2012
Bone loss and urolithiasis are inevitable outcome in human space flight and long-duration bet rest. The rate of space flight induced bone loss is 10 times faster than in those with osteoporosis. Significant bone loss at weight bearing bones, elevated urinary calcium excretion, and un-coupling of bone resorption and bone ...
Simoni P - - 2012
Superior labral anterior to posterior (SLAP) tears include a number of abnormal changes of the superior glenoid labrum. SLAP tears have been first reported in elite young atlete and are caused by repetitive overhead motion or by a fall on an outstretched arm. SLAP can lead to chronic pain and ...
Perry D C - - 2012
Perthes' disease is an osteonecrosis of the juvenile hip, the aetiology of which is unknown. A number of comorbid associations have been suggested that may offer insights into aetiology, yet the strength and validity of these are unclear. This study explored such associations through a case control study using the ...
Moore Deonna R - - 2012
Approximately 10000 deceased donor organs are available yearly for 85 000 US patients awaiting kidney transplant. Living kidney donation is essential to close this gap and offers better survival rates. However, nationally, 80% of potential donors evaluated fail to donate. Nurse coordinators who perform predonation screening and education need additional ...
Lin Zhong - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to describe the baseline refractive and nearwork-induced transient myopia (NITM) characteristics of the Beijing Myopia Progression Study, a 3-year cohort study, that has three overall specific aims: to investigate the natural history of NITM in schoolchildren living in the inner city of ...
Muñoz-Soria E - - 2012
The aim of this paper was to evaluate the effect of a treatment with glycophosphopeptide on Olympic high platform divers during training and competition by measuring lymphocytes and cortisol in peripheral blood, and secretory immunoglobin A in saliva (sIgA). Two groups of 8 divers were given a 14-day treatment of ...
Li Hong-Wei - - 2012
Objective: To study the patterns and morphologic characteristics of blunt head injury and analyse its formative mechanism in attempt to provide references for medicolegal expertise. Methods: The statistical analysis was done in terms of gender, age, as well as the nature, pattern, location, and feature of the injuries. Results: Among ...
Shiba Naoto - - 2012
We have developed a "hybrid training system" (HTS) that is designed to maintain the musculoskeletal system of astronauts by using an electrically stimulated antagonist to resist the volitional contraction of agonist muscles in weightlessness. In other words, electrical stimulation generates a resistive force instead of gravity. HTS will become a ...
Gordon Christopher T - - 2012
: Oesophageal atresia (OA) and mandibulofacial dysostosis (MFD) are two congenital malformations for which the molecular bases of syndromic forms are being identified at a rapid rate. In particular, the EFTUD2 gene encoding a protein of the spliceosome complex has been found mutated in patients with MFD and microcephaly (MIM610536). ...
Kondo Shigetada - - 2012
Muscle atrophy caused by unloading stress is a serious problem in bed rest patients or astronauts. In our previous studies, we revealed that induction and activation of ubiquitin ligase Cbl-b played an important role in skeletal muscle atrophy caused by unloading stress. Under muscle atrophy conditions, Cbl-b interacted with and ...
Jameson S S - - 2012
Despite excellent results, the use of cemented total hip replacement (THR) is declining. This retrospective cohort study records survival time to revision following primary cemented THR using the most common combination of components that accounted for almost a quarter of all cemented THRs, exploring risk factors independently associated with failure. ...
Kutlu Yasemin - - 2012
In this study, the reliability, validity, and psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Fraboni Scale of Ageism were assessed. The psychometric properties of the scale were studied through a descriptive and correlational design. The study sample consisted of 231 healthy people living in the Marmara region of Turkey. ...
Brunetti O - - 2012
This double-blind randomized controlled study aims at determining the effect of repeated muscle vibration (rMV) on explosive and reactive leg power and on knee laxity of female volleyball players. Eighteen voluntary volleyball athletes, belonging to the same senior regional level team (age=22.7±3 years, height=180.3 ± 5 cm, mass=64±4 kg) were ...
Stähli C - - 2012
A 75 years old man is suffering from recurrent seizures since several years. The seizures start with vegetative symptoms including tingling sensations, followed by a deep feeling of eternity and happiness. In one third of the cases he looses consciousness completely. Several workups have failed to reveal a diagnosis. An ...
Watson Robert T - - 2012
Traditional medical schools in modern academic health centers make discoveries, create new knowledge and technology, provide innovative care to the sickest patients, and educate future academic and practicing physicians. Unfortunately, the growth of the research and clinical care missions has sometimes resulted in a loss of emphasis on the general ...
Rodia Fabio - - 2012
Posterior shoulder dislocation is a rare event that may occur after a direct trauma, an epileptic seizure, electric shock or electroconvulsive therapy. In more than 50% of the cases, posterior dislocations are missed on initial evaluation and often misdiagnosed as frozen shoulders with unfortunate consequences. We present the case of ...
Howells N R - - 2012
Hypermobility is an acknowledged risk factor for patellar instability. In this case control study the influence of hypermobility on clinical outcome following medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction for patellar instability was studied. A total of 25 patients with hypermobility as determined by the Beighton criteria were assessed and compared with ...
Baker P N - - 2012
Current analysis of unicondylar knee replacements (UKRs) by national registries is based on the pooled results of medial and lateral implants. Consequently, little is known about the differential performance of medial and lateral replacements and the influence of each implant type within these pooled analyses. Using data from the National ...
Ikeda Chika - - 2012
Muscle atrophy caused by unloading stress is a challenging problem for bed-rested patients or astronauts. However, countermeasures against these muscle atrophy have not been developed yet. Under unloading conditions, skeletal muscle mass is rapidly lost by the increase in protein breakdown and the decrease in protein synthesis. It has been ...
Cousins G R - - 2012
We report the results of six trauma and orthopaedic projects to Kenya in the last three years. The aims are to deliver both a trauma service and teaching within two hospitals; one a district hospital near Mount Kenya in Nanyuki, the other the largest public hospital in Kenya in Mombasa. ...
Abrantes Ana M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades very few advances have been made in the development of new treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). While patients with OCD improve with available treatments (pharmacotherapy and/or cognitive-behavioral therapy), moderate levels of OCD symptoms often persist even with adequate doses and durations of these treatments. ...
Hu Yong - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the stability and three-dimensional movements of the atlantoaxial joint after artificial atlanto-odontoid joint (AAOJ) arthroplasty by comparing with a conventional method.Methods: After anterior decompression, 24 human cadaveric spinal specimens of C0-C3 were randomly divided into two groups: Group A receiving artificial AAOJ arthroplasty; Group B experiencing anterior ...
Bae-Harboe Yoon-Soo Cindy - - 2012
Cutaneous pigmentation or skin color is the body's natural protection against sun-induced damage. Skin color is determined primarily by melanin, a biopolymer that is synthesized within epidermal melanocytes, packaged in cellular organelles called melanosomes, and then dispersed to neighboring keratinocytes. The process of melanogenesis involves numerous molecules and intracellular pathways ...
Gulotta L V - - 2012
Reverse total shoulder replacement (RTSR) depends on adequate deltoid function for a successful outcome. However, the anterior deltoid and/or axillary nerve may be damaged due to prior procedures or injury. The purpose of this study was to determine the compensatory muscle forces required for scapular plane elevation following RTSR when ...
Macauley Robert - - 2012
With more than 80 000 patients in the United States on waiting lists for a kidney-and more than 100 000 patients beginning treatment for end-stage renal disease each year-transplant programs must evaluate potential recipients in a fair and efficient manner. To this end, certain "absolute exclusion criteria" have been proposed ...
Matsui Hiroyuki - - 2012
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease caused by the degeneration and destruction of joint cartilage followed by peri-articular or subchondral bone formation and concomitant degeneration of other components of joints including synovium. Several animal OA models that adopt surgically induced joint instability have been developed. Analysis of those OA models indicates ...
Yang Hualu - - 2012
In this study, we established design feasibility and evaluated the effects of cognitive behavior therapy provided to individuals with Parkinson's disease. A single-group interrupted time series design was used in this pilot study. Analyses were conducted on 22 participants, who provided data at pretest, post-test, and 3 month follow up. ...
Yu Yong-Min - - 2012
Objective: To introduce a new animal model of graded mechanical primary brainstem injury (BSI). Methods: Altogether 45 rabbits were subjected to BSI by type II biological impact machine designed by the Third Military Medical University. The animals were divided into 4 experimental groups (n equal to 10) and 1 control ...
Mukai Chiaki - - 2012
Despite the fact that astronauts living in the International Space Station (ISS) conduct daily two-hour intensive exercise programs to maintain their health, many health problems persist. These problems which include adverse effects of microgravity to bone, muscle and stamina, have not completely been countered. For example, bone mass reduction (about ...
Li L Y - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the development of the osseous acetabular index (OAI) and cartilaginous acetabular index (CAI) using MRI. The OAI and CAI were measured on the coronal MR images of the hip in 81 children with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), with a mean ...
Wilson Rula - - 2012
Context-Kidney transplant is usually the best treatment option for patients with end-stage renal disease; however, transplant rates remain low in the United States. More research is needed about patients' educational needs to ensure that patients are making informed decisions about their treatment options.Objective-To examine patients' perceptions of the delivery and ...
Reynolds P Preston - - 2012
The community health center (CHC), or neighborhood health center as it was originally known, was an innovation developed under President Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty to address the needs of poor urban and rural Americans. The ranks of CHCs have grown from 8 pilot health centers in 1965 to more ...
Go J - - 2012
Epizootic ulcerative syndrome was diagnosed, and the presence of Aphanomyces invadans confirmed, from an outbreak of clinical disease in wild-caught bony bream (Nematalosa erebi) from the Darling River near Bourke, in New South Wales, Australia, during 2008. This confirms a significant extension of the agent beyond its historical range.
Caixeta Camila Roberto da Costa Borges - - 2012
In this exploratory and descriptive research, we identified the meaning of religion and spirituality in the experience of patients at a public health service for treatment of HIV/AIDS in a Brazilian upcountry town. Eight participants were selected through theoretical sampling. Data were collected through semistructured interviews, and analyzed by means ...
Reinhart W - - 2012
A female patient with primary sclerosing cholangitis developed a cholangiocarcinoma (Klatskin tumor) at the age of 42 years. It was successfully resected by hemihepatectomy and hepaticojejunostomy. In the next 15 years she had recurrent episodes of bacterial cholangitis and had to be hospitalized several times a year for intravenous antibiotitics. ...
Allen Tracey - - 2012
CHARGE syndrome is a condition that has historically been diagnosed on the basis of the clinical findings of coloboma, heart disease, choanal atresia, restricted growth, and/or central nervous system anomalies, genital hypoplasia, and ear anomalies and/or deafness. Recently, researchers have discovered a genetic link, specifically, a strong association between the ...
Sakuma Mayumi - - 2012
Osteoporosis is one of the main diseases of the locomotive syndrome. Exercise therapy is a basic approach for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, and is effective for increasing bone mineral density and preventing fall. Single foothold standing with the eyes open for one minute and squatting by "rokotore" are recommended ...
Thanakwang Kattika - - 2012
In this qualitative study, we provide an in-depth understanding of the views of healthy aging among Thai elderly and explore the ways that contribute to healthy aging. Data were collected using focus groups and in-depth interviews in four selected provinces of Thailand, and were analyzed using content analysis. The results ...
Shimazaki Haruo - - 2012
Autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegias (AR-HSP) constitute a heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative diseases involving pyramidal tracts dysfunction. The genes responsible for many types of AR-HSPs remain unknown. We attempted to identify the gene responsible for AR-HSP with optic atrophy and neuropathy. The present study involved two patients in a consanguineous ...
Stephan R - - 2012
In meat samples from 2 hunted red deer (Cervus elaphus) of different origins (region Ilanz, region Filisur) large-scale greenish tissue discolorations with a gelatinous change of fascia were observed and diagnosed as eosinophilic fasciitis. Sarcocystis hjorti, a recently described Sarcocystis species in red deer and moose in Norway, was found ...
Zhang Jing - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the expression of Caspase-3 and Hsp70 in rabbits after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to explore the feasibility of its application in estimation of injury time in forensic medicine. Methods: A rabbit model of heavy TBI was developed by high velocity impact on the parietal bone ...
Ohnishi Isao - - 2012
Fragility fractures are the most serious complication of osteoporosis and have been recognized as a major public health problem. It is essential to precisely quantify the stress or strength of the fragile bone in order to estimate the fracture risk and plan preventive interventions. Quantitative computed tomography-based finite element method ...
Madan Alok - - 2012
Context-Little systematic research has been conducted to understand pain among persons with end-stage liver disease, especially among liver transplant candidates. Appropriate pain assessment and management are important areas of consideration as treatment options are limited.Objective-To describe the nature of chronic pain in patients with end-stage liver disease, the extent to ...
Sakai Akinori - - 2012
Osteocytes sense mechanical stress. Many long cell processes of osteocytes connect with osteoblasts and osteoclasts as well as other osteocytes. Tethering elements on the cell processes amplify mechanical strain. Primary cilia of osteocytes and integrin of extracellular matrix act as mechnosensors. Osteocytes express RANKL. The disruption of osteocyte-specific RANKL leads ...
Zhang Gong-Lin - - 2012
A 48-year-old man sustained a traffic accident injury to his left leg. It was an open fracture of the left tibia and fibula accompanied by a large soft tissue defect (27 cm multiply 7 cm). Doppler examination revealed the posterior tibial artery was occluded due to thrombosis. Three weeks after ...
Rich Eugene C - - 2012
The primary-care-oriented Teaching Health Center Graduate Medical Education (THCGME) program funded by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 offers opportunities to explore alternative solutions to such graduate medical education (GME) policy issues as institutional indirect educational costs, variations in trainee-related productivity gains, and the program costs of ...
Zhang Peng - - 2012
High-velocity penetrating pelvic injury is one of the most difficult challenges to trauma surgeons. The injury sites frequently include soft tissue, pelvis, genitourinary tract, vascular structures and intraabdominal viscera. We present an unusual case of a male patient suffering a collision at night with a deformed steel bar penetrating into ...
Vernillo G - - 2012
This study aims to examine the cardiovascular responses during an indoor race walking competition over the distance of 3-km for female and 5-km for male athletes. During the Italian indoor RW Championship heart rate was monitored on eleven well trained race walkers (five men and six women) and then refereed ...
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