Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2827
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Sellner L - - 2012
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with 17p deletion or mutations of the TP53 gene has a very poor outcome. Optimal treatment of these patients remains a major clinical challenge, and disagreement on the optimal treatment approach exists. Conventional chemo-immunotherapy with rituximab in combination with purine analogues yields lower response-rates and less ...
Villavicencio-Lorini Pablo P Centre for Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Hospital of Freiburg, Freiburg, - - 2013
Deletions of the chromosomal region 2q37 cause brachydactyly-mental retardation syndrome (BDMR), also known as Albright hereditary osteodystrophy-like syndrome. Recently, histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) haploinsufficiency has been postulated to be the critical genetic mechanism responsible for the main clinical characteristics of the BDMR syndrome like developmental delay and behavioural abnormalities in ...
Tanabe Saori - - 2012
Upshaw-Schulman syndrome (USS) is caused by a congenital deficit in ADAMTS13 activity owing to genetic mutations. USS is characterized by severe neonatal jaundice with a negative Coombs test and repeated childhood episodes of thrombocytopenia reversible by fresh frozen plasma (FFP) infusions. We present two patients with USS, both of whom ...
Koeppen M M Mucosal Inflammation Program, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado, - - 2013
Acute lung injury (ALI) is associated with high morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. At present, the functional contribution of airway mucins to ALI is unknown. We hypothesized that excessive mucus production could be detrimental during lung injury. Initial transcriptional profiling of airway mucins revealed a selective and robust ...
Mirasoli Mara - - 2012
A miniaturized multiplex biosensor exploiting a microfluidic oligonucleotide array and chemiluminescence (CL) lensless imaging detection has been developed for parvovirus B19 genotyping. The portable device consists of a reaction chip, comprising a glass slide arrayed with three B19 genotype-specific probes and coupled with a polydimethylsiloxane microfluidic layer, and a charge-coupled ...
Ongaro Michael - - 2012
This review deals with recent advances in bioelectroanalytical applications of nanostructured electrodes, in particular nanoelectrode ensembles (NEEs) and arrays (NEAs). First, nanofabrication techniques, principles of function, and specific advantages and limits of NEEs and NEAs are critically discussed. In the second part, some recent examples of bioelectroanalytical applications are presented. ...
Minelli Alessandro - - 2012
Recording and describing animal 'monsters' collected in the field can still contribute to progress in developmental biology despite the uncontrolled conditions the specimen experienced throughout development. Comparison with model organisms and a sound phylogenetic analysis may offer a tentative explanation for the underlying developmental mechanism and suggest new targets for ...
De Luca Paul A - - 2012
Buzz-pollination is a plant strategy that promotes gamete transfer by requiring a pollinator, typically bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea), to vibrate a flower's anthers in order to extract pollen. Although buzz-pollination is widespread in angiosperms with over 20,000 species using it, little is known about the functional connection between natural variation in ...
Stapleton Heather M - - 2012
California's furniture flammability standard Technical Bulletin 117 (TB 117) is believed to be a major driver of chemical flame retardant (FR) use in residential furniture in the United States. With the phase-out of the polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) FR mixture PentaBDE in 2005, alternative FRs are increasingly being used to ...
D'Agata Roberta - - 2012
Surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) is a powerful tool for simple, fast and cheap nucleic acid detection. Great efforts have been made during the last decade with the aim of developing even more sensitive and specific SPRI-based methods to be used for the direct detection of DNA and RNA. Here, ...
Walters Glenn D - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine whether qualitatively distinct trajectories of antisocial behavior could be identified in 1,708 children (843 boys, 865 girls) from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-Child Data (NLSY-C). Repeated ratings were made on the Behavior Problems Index (BPI: Peterson and Zill Journal of ...
Dubé Marie-Pier - - 2012
Dehydrin defines a complex family of intrinsically disordered proteins with potential adaptive value with regard to freeze-induced cell dehydration. Search within an expressed sequence tags library from cDNAs of cold-acclimated crowns of alfalfa (Medicago sativa spp. sativa L.) identified transcripts putatively encoding K(3)-type dehydrins. Analysis of full-length coding sequences unveiled ...
Nave Rüdiger - - 2012
PURPOSE: Teduglutide is a recombinant analogue of human glucagon-like peptide-2 that has recently been approved for the treatment of short bowel syndrome in adults. This study was designed to study the influence of renal function and age on teduglutide pharmacokinetics. METHODS: This was an open-label study with six parallel groups ...
Zeng K K Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. - - 2013
There is increasing evidence that background selection, the effects of the elimination of recurring deleterious mutations by natural selection on variability at linked sites, may be a major factor shaping genome-wide patterns of genetic diversity. To accurately quantify the importance of background selection, it is vital to have computationally efficient ...
Castañeda María - - 2012
We report the development of an effective system for analyzing X chromosome-linked mini short tandem repeat loci with reduced-size amplicons (less than 220 bp), useful for analyzing highly degraded DNA samples. To generate smaller amplicons, we redesigned primers for eight X-linked microsatellites (DXS7132, DXS10079, DXS10074, DXS10075, DXS6801, DXS6809, DXS6789, and DXS6799) ...
Wang Yong - - 2012
The 1,6-naphthyridine motif is a multivalent scaffold in medicinal chemistry presenting various bioactivities when properly substituted. By incorporating a cyclic urea pharmacophore into the 1,6-naphthyridine framework through conformationally constraining the 7,8-positions, the resulting 1H-imidazo[4,5-h][1,6]naphthyridin-2(3H)-one was identified as a new class of c-Met kinase inhibitor. A comprehensive SAR study indicated that ...
Liu Hui - - 2012
Chitin synthases, that catalyze the formation of chitin the major component of cell walls in most filamentous fungi, play crucial roles in the growth and morphogenesis. To investigate the roles of chitin synthase in Penicillium chrysogenum, we developed an RNAi system to silence the class III chitin synthase gene chs4. ...
Angelina Emilio L - - 2012
In this work, halogen bonding (XB) and hydrogen bonding (HB) complexes were studied with the aim of analyzing the variation of the total electronic energy density H(r ( b )) with the interaction strengthening. The calculations were performed at the MP2/6-311++G(2d,2p) level of approximation. To explain the nature of such ...
Awoke Akilew - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a growing public health problem in many developing countries including Ethiopia. However, its prevention and control has not yet received due attention. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of hypertension among adults in Gondar city, North-West Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional ...
de Vries Folgerdiena M - - 2012
Background: Patients with diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Controlling lipid levels has a preventive effect on the occurrence of major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. Individual trials have shown varying data on the efficacy of treatment with lipid-lowering statin therapy in the primary prevention of such ...
Lourenço Célia - - 2012
ABSTRACT Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry was used to characterize the gas-phase reactivity of Hf dipositive ions, Hf2+ and HfO2+, towards several oxidants: thermodynamically facile O-atom donor N2O, ineffective donor CO, and intermediate donors O2, CO2, NO, and CH2O. The Hf2+ ion exhibited electron transfer with N2O, O2, ...
Deng Gary G Integrative Medicine Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA. - - 2013
Postoperative ileus (POI) prolongs hospital stay and increases risk of postoperative complications. We conducted a randomized, sham-controlled trial to evaluate whether acupuncture reduces POI more effectively than sham acupuncture. Colon cancer patients undergoing elective colectomy were randomized to receive 30 min of true or sham acupuncture twice daily during their first ...
Besagni Céline - - 2012
Plastoglobules are lipid droplets present in all plastid types. In chloroplasts, they are connected to the thylakoid membrane by the outer lipid half-bilayer. The plastoglobule core is composed of neutral lipids most prominently the prenylquinones, triacylglycerols, fatty acid phytyl esters but likely also unknown compounds. During stress and various developmental ...
Bodson Laurent - - 2012
ABSTRACT: In the previous issue of Critical Care, Muller and colleagues investigated whether respiratory variation in inferior vena cava diameter (ΔIVC) could be a useful predictor of fluid responsiveness in spontaneously breathing patients. The study concludes that accuracy was not very good and therefore that this parameter should be used ...
Ab Hamid Suzina Sheikh - - 2012
Human amniotic membrane that has been processed and sterilised by gamma irradiation is widely used as a biological dressing in surgical applications. The morphological structure of human amniotic membrane was studied under scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to assess effects of gamma radiation on human amniotic membrane following different preservation methods. ...
Toshikuni Nobuyuki - - 2012
Background/Aims: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an established curative therapy for early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We assessed the positions of inserted needle electrodes using three-dimensional ultrasonography (3D-US) and examined the association between the electrode position and outcomes of RFA. Methodology: Forty-seven patients with 49 HCC nodules treated with a cooled-tip RFA ...
Wu Ming-Hsun - - 2012
Background/Aims: It has been a matter of debate whether the advantage of gasless laparoscope setting is obvious when compared with the conventional operation. Thus, we compare the systemic response of proinflammatory markers and the adhesion molecules in serum levels after surgery between these two procedures. Methodology: There were 23 patients ...
Singer Susanne - - 2012
PURPOSE: The EORTC QLQ-H&N35 (H&N35) is widely used to measure quality of life in head and neck cancer patients. The aims of this study were to obtain insight into a) the languages in which the H&N35 has been used and the psychometric properties in those languages, b) the study designs, ...
Zhai Junfeng - - 2012
This work presents a new colorimetric microorganism biosensor for monitoring and detecting acute toxicity in water, where prussian blue (PB) is used as the colorimetric indicator and E. coli as the model bacterial. In this biosensor, the electron mediator, ferricyanide, accepts electrons from E. coli during respiration to produce ferrocyanide, ...
Li Xin - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sedative and hypnotic effects of Eucommiol, a monomer compound extracted from male Eucommia flowers using a system solvent method. Eucommiol shows significant effects in mice, including reduced spontaneous activity, and increased the sleep ratio or lengthened the sleep time with a ...
Kazenwadel Christian - - 2012
Phenoxy radical coupling reactions are involved in the biosynthesis of lignans in planta. Interestingly, the reaction can be guided by dirigent proteins, which mediate the stereoselective formation of either (+) or (-)-pinoresinol from coniferyl alcohol. So far, the mechanism is poorly understood, and for detailed mechanistic studies, a heterologous expression ...
Ren Yuan-Yuan - - 2012
Background/Aims: The hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection course is divided into 4 immune phases which were mainly characterized by clinical markers. We investigated the immune markers, especially inhibitory receptors, cytokine and chemokine expressions among the immune phases especially between immune tolerance (IT) phase and immune control (IC) phase. Methodology: Blood ...
Chengalroyen M D - - 2012
Investigation into the biodegradative capability of several actinomycetes led to the discovery of many strains possessing an ability to decolorize a variety of azo and triphenylmethane dyes. Of particular interest is an Amycolatopsis sp. isolate which displayed the ability to decolorize the azo dye amido black. Through the screening of ...
Herrmann Nathan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The management of neuropsychiatric symptoms, including psychosis, in Parkinson's Disease (PD) is complicated by the fact that treatment with antipsychotics can worsen the movement disorder, which may necessitate changes to antiparkinsonian medications. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine what antipsychotics are prescribed to residents in long-term ...
Pedersen Nancy L - - 2013
The Interplay of Genes and Environment across Multiple Studies (IGEMS) group is a consortium of eight longitudinal twin studies established to explore the nature of social context effects and gene-environment interplay in late-life functioning. The resulting analysis of the combined data from over 17,500 participants aged 25-102 at baseline (including ...
Ngoc T T B - - 2012
The impact of fibre level and fibre source on digestibility, gastrointestinal tract (GIT) development, total tract mean retention time (MRT) and growth performance was studied in indigenous Mong Cai (MC) and exotic Landrace × Yorkshire (LY) pigs. The diets were based on maize, rice bran, soyabean meal, fish meal and ...
McCabe A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that outpatient treatment of patients with low-risk stable pulmonary embolism (PE) is safe, effective and potentially reduces costs. It is not clear how many patients presenting to an Irish Emergency Department (ED) are potentially suitable for outpatient management. AIMS: To identify how many patients presenting ...
Jiang Wei - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The extent of mediastinal lymphadenectomy for clinical stage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial. This study explored the value of selective mediastinal lymphadenectomy from the clinical viewpoint. METHODS: From 2005 to 2008, a total of 403 patients diagnosed clinically as having stage I NSCLC underwent lobectomy and mediastinal ...
Westerlund Tommy - - 2012
Background Numerous patients are subject to drug-related problems (DRPs) every day, resulting in sub-optimal therapy, suffering and decreased quality of life, as well as in high societal health care costs. Classifying DRPs is important for the development of counselling skills and for pharmaceutical care practice and research, including assessments of ...
Tamgho Ingrid-Suzy - - 2012
The reaction of diiminoisoindoline with amine terminated polyethers results in the formation of phthalocrown macrocycles. For n = 1 (where n is the number of ether units), a 2+2 condensation takes place, but for n = 2 and 3, a 1+1 macrocycle formation occurs. The n = 2 phthalocrown is ...
Zhang Jiu-Cong - - 2012
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of 2 y of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on the percentage of activated CD38(+)CD8(+) T cells and human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR(+)CD8(+) T cells, and the expression of the co-stimulatory molecule CD28 on CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in the peripheral ...
Im Hee Yeon - - 2012
Increasing numbers of studies have explored human observers' ability to rapidly extract statistical descriptions from collections of similar items (e.g., the average size and orientation of a group of tilted Gabor patches). Determining whether these descriptions are generated by mechanisms that are independent from object-based sampling procedures requires that we ...
Wang Bin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer stem cells (CSCs), which require activation of Wnt signaling to maintain their self-renewal and tumorigenicity, are proposed to be critical targets for effective therapy of gastric carcinomas. Gene therapies that are delivered by adenovirus of serotype 5 (Ad5) or chimeric 5/35(Ad5/35) adenovirus have shown promise for treating ...
Parker Matthew W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory patients with uncertain functional capacity may benefit from combined exercise and vasodilator stress protocols for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). The safety and MPI image quality with regadenoson administered during symptom-limited exercise have not been prospectively evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 140 patients (mean age 61 years, 48% ...
Spiliopoulos Stavros - - 2012
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is defined as the persistent inability to reach or maintain penile rigidity enough for sexual satisfaction. Nearly 30% of the men between ages 40 and 70 years are affected by ED. A variety of pathologies, including neurological, psychological, or endocrine disorders and drug side effects, may incite ED. ...
Macdiarmid Jennie I - - 2012
The concept of a healthy and environmentally sustainable diet is not new, but with increasing concern about future global food security and climate change there is a renewed interest in this topic. Dietary intakes in UK accounts for approximately 20-30% of total annual greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE), with the greatest ...
Daniel M - - 2012
Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a frequent cause of acute mastoiditis. Despite the recent (2005) introduction of pneumococcal vaccination, mastoiditis incidence and severity may be increasing. This study aimed to assess the incidence, severity and microbiology of acute mastoiditis over an 11-year period. Methods: Retrospective review of paediatric acute mastoiditis cases ...
Rémond Marc Gerard - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In Australia, rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is almost exclusively restricted to Aboriginal Australian and Torres Strait Islander people with children being at highest risk. International criteria for echocardiographic diagnosis of RHD have been developed but the significance of minor abnormalities which do not reach these criteria remains unclear. ...
Klusek Jessica - - 2012
While there is a strong sex bias in the presentation of autism, it is unknown whether this bias is also present in subclinical manifestations of autism among relatives, or the broad autism phenotype. This study examined this question and investigated patterns of co-occurrence of broad autism phenotype traits within families ...
Dermitzakis Konstantinos - - 2012
Abstract Physiological studies of the human finger indicate that friction in the tendon-pulley system accounts for a considerable fraction of the total output force (9-12%) in a high-load static posteccentric configuration. Such a phenomenon can be exploited for robotic and prosthetic applications, as it can result in (1) an increase ...
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