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Czech-Damal Nicole U - - 2012
Passive electroreception is a sensory modality in many aquatic vertebrates, predominantly fishes. Using passive electroreception, the animal can detect and analyze electric fields in its environment. Most electric fields in the environment are of biogenic origin, often produced by prey items. These electric fields can be relatively strong and can ...
Galarreta Betty C - - 2012
A selective aptameric sequence is adsorbed on a two-dimensional nanostructured metallic platform optimized for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) measurements. Using nanofabrication methods, a metallic nanostructure was prepared by electron-beam lithography onto a glass coverslip surface and embedded within a microfluidic channel made of polydimethylsiloxane, allowing one to monitor in situ ...
Elroby Shabaan A K - - 2012
The electronic structure, the origin of the extraordinary stability and the reaction mechanisms of the decomposition reaction of the three-membered ring cyclopropenone (IO), its phenyl derivative (IIO) and its sulfur analogues (IS and IIS) have been investigated at the B3LYP/6-311 + G** level of theory. All critical points on the reaction surface, ...
Bishay M - - 2012
PURPOSE: In our institution, some children routinely receive parenteral nutrition (PN) following surgery for duodenal atresia/stenosis, while others do not. Our aim was to compare growth and infection rate between these two treatment strategies. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all children undergoing surgery for duodenal atresia/stenosis over 7 years. ...
Singh S N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to find out incidence, predictors, onset and severity of respiratory distress including meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) among vigorous neonates born through meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF), which may or may not be evident at birth. METHODS: Two hundred ninety vigorous neonates were studied. Data were collected ...
Ruiz-Romero Erick - - 2012
A new haloalkaliphilic archaeon, strain B4(T), was isolated from the former lake Texcoco in Mexico. The cells were Gram-negative, pleomorphic-shaped, pink to red pigmented and aerobic. Strain B4(T) required at least 2.5 M NaCl for growth, with optimum growth at 3.4 M NaCl. It was able to grow over a pH range ...
Goste─Źnik Christian - - 2012
Victims of traumatic events who experience re-traumatization often develop a highly ambivalent relationship to God and all religiosity as extremely conflictual. On the one hand, they may choose to blame God for not having protected them, for having left them to feel so alone, for having been indifferent to them ...
Chen Ko-Ron - - 2012
The skin is a common target organ in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis. Skin lesions may present as the initial manifestation or as the associated cutaneous manifestations in ANCA-associated vasculitis. Visually assessing the cutaneous manifestations and performing a biopsy of skin lesions to facilitate histopathologic confirmation are highly valuable diagnostically. ...
Brusselaers Nele - - 2012
PURPOSE: In ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), early appropriate antimicrobial therapy may be hampered by involvement of multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens. METHODS: A systematic review and diagnostic test accuracy meta-analysis were performed to analyse whether lower respiratory tract surveillance cultures accurately predict the causative pathogens of subsequent VAP in adult patients. Selection and ...
Boffano Paolo - - 2012
This report describes an unusual case of trilobate Stafne bone cavity in a 72-year-old male asymptomatic patient, presenting as a radiolucency in the left mandibular body with an irregular peripheral border and a central area of reduced density on panoramic radiograph.
Cho Young Sun - - 2012
Stable transgenic germlines carrying the red fluorescence protein (RFP) gene (rfp) driven by fast skeletal myosin light chain-2 gene (mlc2f) promoter were established in a truly euryhaline fish species, the marine medaka (Oryzias dancena; Beloniformes). Transgenic lines contained transgene copy numbers varying from a single copy to more than 230 ...
Windhorst Sabine - - 2012
Inositolhexakisphosphate (InsP6) is the most abundant inositolphosphate in mammalian cells with concentrations up to 50 µM. After necrosis of tumor cells InsP6 is released into the extracellular space where it is available for vital cells. Here, we show that extracellular InsP6, in low cellular concentrations (≤ 50 µM), stimulate tumor ...
Shiina Takuya - - 2012
DNA from plasmid pUC18 was irradiated with low-LET (13 keV/μm) or high-LET (60 keV/μm) carbon ions or X-rays (4 keV/μm) in solutions containing several concentrations of Tris (0.66-200 mM) to determine the yield of abasic (AP) sites and the effect of scavenging capacity. The yield of AP sites, detected as single-strand breaks (SSB) after ...
Soria Bernat - - 2012
Cell-attached and inside-out patch clamp recording was used to compare the functional expression of membrane ion channels in mouse and human embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Both ESCs express mechanosensitive Ca(2+) permeant cation channels (MscCa) and large conductance (200 pS) Ca(2+)-sensitive K(+) (BK(Ca2+)) channels but with markedly different patch densities. MscCa is ...
Misegades Lara K - - 2012
In 2010, California experienced its largest pertussis epidemic in more than 60 years; a substantial burden of disease was noted in the 7- to 10-year-old age group despite high diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP) coverage, indicating the possibility of waning protection. To evaluate the association between pertussis and ...
Asemi Z - - 2012
Background/objectives:Owing to excess body weight and increased secretion of inflammatory cytokines primarily during the third trimester, pregnancy is associated with elevated insulin resistance. To our knowledge, no report is available indicating the effects of probiotic yoghurt consumption on serum insulin levels in pregnant women. This study was designed to determine ...
Ma Yan - - 2012
Food allergy is an important clinical problem of increasing prevalence worldwide. Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated allergic responses are the most widely recognized form of food allergy. The prevalence of food allergy is influenced by country, age, culture, and dietary habits. Strategies for the prevention of food allergy have been extensively studied. ...
Hu Xianmei - - 2012
When 3 % (v/v) liquid paraffin was added to the medium, β-carotene production increased from 397 to 715 mg l(-1) in mated cultures of Blakeslea trispora. Liquid paraffin also enhanced the oxygen concentration and induce high oxidative stress, as observed by the increase in activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and peroxidase ...
Montalcini Tiziana - - 2012
The utilization of different macronutrients is relevant for the risk of obesity, diabetes, or the appearing of vascular complications. The Respiratory Quotient (RQ) is a parameter measuring the fuel utilizations; in fact, it can indicate the fat stores utilization or lipogenesis activation. Aim of this study was to investigate the ...
Flavia De Oliveira - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in fibrotic lesion in mdx mice. A total of six male C57BL/10 mice and six C57BL/10-DMD/mdx were distributed into two groups: control and animals with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The medial part of gastrocnemius muscle ...
Takahashi Hidenori - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Whether the remnant stomach can be safely preserved when performing distal pancreatectomy (DP) in patients with a prior distal gastrectomy (DG) remains unclear because the remnant stomach and pancreatic body/tail share an arterial blood supply via the splenic artery (SPA). METHODS: A total of 18 patients with prior DG ...
Grover Navdeep - - 2012
AcT (perhydrolase) containing paint composites were prepared leading to broad-spectrum decontamination. AcT was immobilized onto multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) and then incorporated into latex-based paints to form catalytic coatings. These AcT-based paint composites showed a 6-log reduction in the viability of spores of Bacillus cereus and Bacillus anthracis (Sterne) within ...
Ya Bai-Liu - - 2012
Cholesterol plays an important role in synaptic plasticity, learning and memory. To better explore how dietary cholesterol contributes to learning and memory and the related changes in synaptic structural plasticity, rats were categorized into a regular diet (RD) group and a cholesterol-enriched diet (CD) group, and were fed with respective ...
Kim Kyung Won - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of free-breathing, dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI of the abdomen and thorax using the radial-gradient-echo sequence with k-space weighted image contrast (KWIC) reconstruction. METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained. Fourteen patients underwent free-breathing radial DCE-MRI. Radial MRI yielded full-frame images by gridding all k-space data ...
Kwong Melissa G Y - - 2012
Oat β-glucan attenuates postprandial glycemic responses when solubilized to form viscous solutions. High molecular weight (MW) β-glucan is associated with high solution viscosity, which is in turn associated with lower glycemic responses. However, low MW β-glucan is also able to form viscoelastic gels. The effect of low (145 000 g mol(-1)) ...
Kwon Sae Kwang - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to report clinical outcomes after high tibial osteotomy (HTO) in patients with a discoid lateral meniscus and to determine (1) whether discoid lateral meniscus degeneration by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) progresses after HTO and (2) whether this progression adversely affects clinical results. METHODS: The records ...
Günther Sabine - - 2012
Connexin 43 (Cx 43)-expressed by germ cells (GC), Sertoli cells (SC) and Leydig cells-is one of at least eleven Cx in the murine testis. A general knockout (KO) of Cx 43 in mice results in perinatal death and a SC-specific KO of Cx 43 (SCCx43KO) causes infertility of male mice ...
Lee Jun Seok - - 2012
Fungal ball in paranasal sinus was reported to be rare, but these days we have encountered numerous cases. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 4,485 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) who underwent sinus surgery from 1999 to 2010. Patients were categorized into group A (patients from 1999 to 2004) and ...
Di Daniele Nicola - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a cluster of metabolic alteration associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease and overall mortality than the single alterations alone. The Italian Mediterranean Diet (IMD) can exert a positive effect on cardiovascular risk and related morbidity and mortality. The aim was to evaluate the benefits ...
Gupta Gagan D - - 2012
Translin and its interacting partner protein, TRAX, are members of the translin superfamily. These proteins are involved in mRNA regulation and in promoting RISC activity by removing siRNA passenger strand cleavage products, and have been proposed to play roles in DNA repair and recombination. Both homomeric translin and heteromeric translin-TRAX ...
Ishii Noriyuki - - 2012
n-Dodecyl-β-D-maltoside solubilized glucuronide transporter (GusB), the product of gusB gene from Escherichia coli, was treated with Bio-Beads as an agent for removing the detergent from a micellar solution under suitable combination with dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine. Optimizing conditions led to a two-dimensional crystalline array formation of GusB. The crystalline arrays appear to have ...
Djalalov Sandjar - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost effectiveness of genetic screening for the apolipoprotein (APOE) ε4 allele in combination with preventive donepezil treatment in comparison with the standard of care for amnestic mild cognitive impairment (AMCI) patients in Canada. METHODS: We performed a cost-effectiveness analysis using a Markov model with a societal ...
Salci Tânia Pereira - - 2012
Background Fungi have been developing resistance and merit greater attention because these microorganisms are among the major causes of hospital infection. Objective The aim of the present study was to characterize the pattern of fluconazole use in an adult intensive care unit. Setting The setting was an intensive care unit ...
Dapri Giovanni - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Single-access laparoscopy (SAL) has gained significant interest in recent years. Potential benefits, beyond cosmetic outcomes, could be reduction of abdominal trauma, decreased risk of incisional hernia and diminished postoperative pain. Technique and initial experience in patients submitted to laparoscopic adjustable gastric band removal (LAGBR) through SAL is reported here. ...
Shiraishi Kensuke - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Trastuzumab has been recently approved for clinical use to treat HER2-expressing advanced gastric cancer, and anti-HER2-targeting therapy has become a promising option for gastric cancer. Lapatinib is a dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting EGFR and HER2. The aim of the present study was to explore the utility of lapatinib ...
Peng Xiang-Qian - - 2012
To expand the functionality of lipase B from Candida antarctica (CALB), we used the multi-site saturation mutagenesis methods to create CALB mutants with improved thermal stability. The times of residual activity of the mutants mCALB168 and mCALB7 were 14 and 6 times higher than that of the displayed WT-CALB at ...
Soussan Michael - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that a high-fat and low-carbohydrate (HFLC) diet before FDG-PET/CT could identify patients with active cardiac sarcoidosis (CS). METHODS: Fifty-eight sarcoidosis patients with a suspicion of CS consumed a HFLC diet before FDG-PET/CT. Clinical, electrical, and other imaging investigations were compared to PET results. RESULTS: Using Japanese Ministry ...
Athmaram T N - - 2012
Dengue non-structural protein (NS1) is known to be protective antigen and also has immense application for serodiagnosis. Several serodiagnostic assays available for dengue viral infection are dependent on tissue culture-grown viral proteins. This task is unsafe, laborious, more expensive that makes it unsuitable for routine large-scale production. Although bacterial expression ...
Ovejero Paloma - - 2012
New pyridine-functionalised pyrazole compounds [Hpz(R(n)py)] (R(n) = C(6)H(4)OC(n)H(2n+1); n = 12, 14, 16, 18; ) and their corresponding silver complexes [Ag(Hpz(R(n)py))(2)][A] ([A] = NO(3)(-), BF(4)(-); ) have been synthesised and characterised. All of them, with the exception of , are liquid crystal materials exhibiting monotropic or enantiotropic SmA mesophases, in ...
Sakaguchi Masahiro - - 2012
Two guidelines are currently available to guide Japanese clinicians caring for patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP): the 2005 American Thoracic Society/Infectious Diseases Society of America (ATS/IDSA) guidelines or the 2008 Japanese Respiratory Society (JRS) guidelines. We aimed to measure compliance with guideline recommendations for VAP in Japanese intensive care units ...
Tao Zhengxu - - 2012
Blue-emitting phosphors of the Ce(3+)-activated phosphosilicate Sr(5)(PO(4))(2)SiO(4) with an apatite structure were prepared via a conventional solid-state reaction method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), photoluminescence (PL) spectra, time-resolved luminescence, thermal quenching and luminescence decay curves (lifetimes) were applied to characterize the phosphors. The effects of the Ce(3+) ...
Zheng Yingfeng - - 2012
The Guangzhou Twin Registry is a population-based registry of twins residing in Guangzhou City. The initial registry database included 9,700 pairs of young twins recruited from the Official Household Registry of Guangzhou City. The registry is designed to provide a resource to identify the genetic and environmental causes of common ...
Hur Yoon-Mi - - 2012
Twin studies of Africans have been scarce although Africans have shown the highest twin birth rate in the world. As a parallel study of the South Korean Twin Registry, the Nigerian Twin and Sibling Registry (NTSR) was developed to understand causal influences on the development of cognitive abilities, personality, and ...
Feng Ran - - 2012
In this paper, the origins of enantioselectivity in asymmetric ketone hydrogenation catalyzed by RuH(2)(binap)(cydn) (cydn = trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane) were discussed. Fifteen substrates involving aromatic, heteroaromatic, olefinic and dialkyl prochiral ketones were used to probe the catalytic mechanism and find an effective way to predict the chirality of the products. The calculated ...
Cai Kebo - - 2012
The aim of this study was to explore whether IL-7 participates in the pathogenesis of Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). This was a prospective study. 20 GO patients (40 eyes) and 20 healthy volunteers (40 eyes) were recruited. The tear concentration of IL-7 was measured using ELISA assay. IL-7 expression in orbital ...
Siwek Agata - - 2012
The preliminary cytotoxic effect of 4-ethoxycarbonylmethyl-1-(piperidin-4-ylcarbonyl)-thiosemicarbazide hydrochloride (1)-a potent topoisomerase II inhibitor-was measured using a MTT assay. It was found that the compound decreased the number of viable cells in both estrogen receptor-positive MCF-7 and estrogen receptor-negative MDA-MB-231breast cancer cells, with IC(50) values of 146 ± 2 and 132 ± 2 μM, respectively. To clarify ...
Kalinkat Gregor - - 2012
The question whether top-down or bottom-up forces dominate trophic relationships, energy flow, and abundances within food webs has fuelled much ecological research with particular focus on soil litter ecosystems. Because litter simultaneously provides habitat structure and a basal resource, disentangling direct trophic and indirect non-trophic effects on different trophic levels ...
Dodson Robin E - - 2012
Higher house dust levels of PBDE flame retardants (FRs) have been reported in California than other parts of the world, due to the state's furniture flammability standard. However, changing levels of these and other FRs have not been evaluated following the 2004 U.S. phase-out of PentaBDE and OctaBDE. We analyzed ...
Stapleton Heather M - - 2012
California's furniture flammability standard Technical Bulletin 117 (TB 117) is believed to be a major driver of chemical flame retardant (FR) use in residential furniture in the United States. With the phase-out of the polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) FR mixture PentaBDE in 2005, alternative FRs are increasingly being used to ...
Kang Z F - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with reduced incretin effects. Although previous studies have shown that hyperglycaemia contributes to impaired incretin responses in beta cells, it is largely unknown how hyperlipidaemia, another feature of type 2 diabetes, contributes to impaired glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) response. Here, we investigated the effects ...
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