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Poole C M - - 2012
Cloud computing allows for vast computational resources to be leveraged quickly and easily in bursts as and when required. Here we describe a technique that allows for Monte Carlo radiotherapy dose calculations to be performed using GEANT4 and executed in the cloud, with relative simulation cost and completion time evaluated ...
Andersson Roland E - - 2012
Nonsurgical treatment with antibiotics has recently been proposed as the first line of treatment for noncomplicated appendicitis. This has met with considerable interest, illustrated by the number of reviews and meta-analyses, which exceed the number of original reports of the issue. The results in these studies are seriously biased due ...
Hori Tomohide - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperoxaluria type-1 (PH1) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by impaired activity of hepatic peroxisomal alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase that leads to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A definitive diagnosis is often delayed until ESRD appears. Based on the etiology, liver transplantation (LT) seems to be the definitive treatment. PATIENTS AND ...
Grover Navdeep - - 2012
AcT (perhydrolase) containing paint composites were prepared leading to broad-spectrum decontamination. AcT was immobilized onto multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) and then incorporated into latex-based paints to form catalytic coatings. These AcT-based paint composites showed a 6-log reduction in the viability of spores of Bacillus cereus and Bacillus anthracis (Sterne) within ...
Ya Bai-Liu - - 2012
Cholesterol plays an important role in synaptic plasticity, learning and memory. To better explore how dietary cholesterol contributes to learning and memory and the related changes in synaptic structural plasticity, rats were categorized into a regular diet (RD) group and a cholesterol-enriched diet (CD) group, and were fed with respective ...
Chayama Kazuaki - - 2013
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a serious health problem leading to cirrhosis, liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma. The recent introduction of telaprevir, which was approved in November 2011, in combination with peg-interferon and ribavirin is expected to markedly improve the eradication rate of the virus. However, side effects of ...
Kim Kyung Won - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of free-breathing, dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI of the abdomen and thorax using the radial-gradient-echo sequence with k-space weighted image contrast (KWIC) reconstruction. METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained. Fourteen patients underwent free-breathing radial DCE-MRI. Radial MRI yielded full-frame images by gridding all k-space data ...
Kwong Melissa G Y - - 2012
Oat β-glucan attenuates postprandial glycemic responses when solubilized to form viscous solutions. High molecular weight (MW) β-glucan is associated with high solution viscosity, which is in turn associated with lower glycemic responses. However, low MW β-glucan is also able to form viscoelastic gels. The effect of low (145 000 g mol(-1)) ...
Masri Selma - - 2012
The circadian clock machinery is responsible for biological timekeeping on a systemic level. The central clock system controls peripheral clocks through a number of output cues that synchronize the system as a whole. There is growing evidence that changing cellular metabolic states have important effects on circadian rhythms and can ...
Gogiel Magdalena M Institute of Human Genetics, RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsstrasse 30, Aachen, - - 2013
Uniparental disomy (UPD) of single chromosomes is a well-known molecular aberration in a group of congenital diseases commonly known as imprinting disorders (IDs). Whereas maternal and/or paternal UPD of chromosomes 6, 7, 11, 14 and 15 are associated with specific IDs (Transient neonatal diabetes mellitus, Silver-Russell syndrome, Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS), ...
Misegades Lara K LK Epidemic Intelligence Service and Meningitis and Vaccine Preventable Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS-C25, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA. - - 2012
In 2010, California experienced its largest pertussis epidemic in more than 60 years; a substantial burden of disease was noted in the 7- to 10-year-old age group despite high diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP) coverage, indicating the possibility of waning protection. To evaluate the association between pertussis and ...
Asemi Z - - 2012
Background/objectives:Owing to excess body weight and increased secretion of inflammatory cytokines primarily during the third trimester, pregnancy is associated with elevated insulin resistance. To our knowledge, no report is available indicating the effects of probiotic yoghurt consumption on serum insulin levels in pregnant women. This study was designed to determine ...
Ma Yan - - 2012
Food allergy is an important clinical problem of increasing prevalence worldwide. Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated allergic responses are the most widely recognized form of food allergy. The prevalence of food allergy is influenced by country, age, culture, and dietary habits. Strategies for the prevention of food allergy have been extensively studied. ...
Hu Xianmei - - 2012
When 3 % (v/v) liquid paraffin was added to the medium, β-carotene production increased from 397 to 715 mg l(-1) in mated cultures of Blakeslea trispora. Liquid paraffin also enhanced the oxygen concentration and induce high oxidative stress, as observed by the increase in activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and peroxidase ...
Montalcini Tiziana - - 2012
The utilization of different macronutrients is relevant for the risk of obesity, diabetes, or the appearing of vascular complications. The Respiratory Quotient (RQ) is a parameter measuring the fuel utilizations; in fact, it can indicate the fat stores utilization or lipogenesis activation. Aim of this study was to investigate the ...
Flavia De Oliveira - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in fibrotic lesion in mdx mice. A total of six male C57BL/10 mice and six C57BL/10-DMD/mdx were distributed into two groups: control and animals with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). The medial part of gastrocnemius muscle ...
Takahashi Hidenori - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Whether the remnant stomach can be safely preserved when performing distal pancreatectomy (DP) in patients with a prior distal gastrectomy (DG) remains unclear because the remnant stomach and pancreatic body/tail share an arterial blood supply via the splenic artery (SPA). METHODS: A total of 18 patients with prior DG ...
Li Lian - - 2012
Heat stress results in apoptosis in testicular germ cells. A small heat shock protein (hsp), hsp32, is induced by heat stress in the testis, but little is known about its definitive function in physiological processes. To clarify the underlying role of hsp32, hsp32 expression and related signals in the heat ...
Eicher Carmen - - 2012
PURPOSE: Duplex drugs are promising anticancer agents. After in vivo cleavage into active nucleoside analogues, they exert their anti-tumour activity with reduced toxicity and side effects. Here we evaluated the impact of two duplex drugs on the viability of hepatoblastoma (HB) cells lines and their toxicity against human fibroblasts. METHODS: ...
Kang S-S - - 2012
The lack of appropriate animal model for studying protective immunity has limited vaccine development against cholera. Here, we demonstrate a pulmonary cholera model conferred by intranasal administration of mice with live Vibrio cholerae. The bacterial components, but not cholera toxin, caused lethal and acute pneumonia by inducing massive inflammation. Intranasal ...
Kang Z F - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with reduced incretin effects. Although previous studies have shown that hyperglycaemia contributes to impaired incretin responses in beta cells, it is largely unknown how hyperlipidaemia, another feature of type 2 diabetes, contributes to impaired glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) response. Here, we investigated the effects ...
Debanne Dominique - - 2012
Synaptic transmission in the brain generally depends on action potentials. However, recent studies indicate that subthreshold variation in the presynaptic membrane potential also determines spike-evoked transmission. The informational content of each presynaptic action potential is therefore greater than initially expected. The contribution of this synaptic property, which is a fast ...
Lee Yun-Hsuan - - 2012
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Serum α-fetoprotein (AFP) and total tumor volume (TTV) are important factors linked with post-operative tumor recurrence in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. We investigated the role of a new prognostic marker, AFP-to-TTV ratio, in predicting HCC recurrence. METHODS: A total of 655 HCC patients undergoing resection were analyzed. RESULTS: In ...
Liu Su-Hsun SH Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2024 E. Monument St., Suite 2-600, Baltimore, MD, 21287, - - 2013
Higher prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in men and postmenopausal women than in premenopausal women has suggested a potential role of sex hormones in the pathogenesis of the disease. We sought to evaluate the association between oral contraceptive pills (OCP) and NAFLD and to determine whether adiposity mediates ...
de Mattos Elsa - - 2012
This study aims to analyze the process of semiotic regulation in youth transition to adulthood from the perspectives of cultural developmental psychology and dialogical self theory. The focus is on the transformations that occur in youth's self-system configurations during a critical developmental period. In this paper, we will advance the ...
Radhakrishnan Nita - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To measure serum zinc, selenium, retinol and tocoferol levels at diagnosis of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and to compare it to that of a control population. Correlation was made with episodes of febrile neutropenia during the first 8 wk of therapy. METHODS: Fasting levels of serum zinc, selenium, retinol ...
El Chehadeh-Djebbar Salima S Centre de Génétique et Centre de Référence Anomalies du Développement et Syndromes Malformatifs, Hôpital d'Enfants, CHU de Dijon, - - 2013
Cohen syndrome (CS) is a rare autosomal recessive condition caused by mutations and/or large rearrangements in the VPS13B gene. CS clinical features, including developmental delay, the typical facial gestalt, chorioretinal dystrophy (CRD) and neutropenia, are well described. CS diagnosis is generally raised after school age, when visual disturbances lead to ...
Ishak Mohd Shuhaimi Bin Haji - - 2012
The birth of people with confused or ambiguous sex makeup as a biological fact since the annals of history has posed the challenge of accommodating them within the binary gender of sociocultural systems. In this process, the role of religion as a defining factor in social engineering has been paramount. ...
Bishay M - - 2012
PURPOSE: In our institution, some children routinely receive parenteral nutrition (PN) following surgery for duodenal atresia/stenosis, while others do not. Our aim was to compare growth and infection rate between these two treatment strategies. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all children undergoing surgery for duodenal atresia/stenosis over 7 years. ...
Poitout V V Montreal Diabetes Research Center, CRCHUM, Technopôle Angus, 2901 Rachel Est, Montréal, QC, Canada. - - 2013
The incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide are secreted by enteroendocrine cells and augment glucose-induced insulin secretion in response to food ingestion in a glucose-dependent manner. This mechanism forms the basis for incretin-based therapies in type 2 diabetes. However, the insulinotropic effect of incretins is diminished in type ...
Singh S N - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to find out incidence, predictors, onset and severity of respiratory distress including meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) among vigorous neonates born through meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF), which may or may not be evident at birth. METHODS: Two hundred ninety vigorous neonates were studied. Data were collected ...
Ruiz-Romero Erick - - 2012
A new haloalkaliphilic archaeon, strain B4(T), was isolated from the former lake Texcoco in Mexico. The cells were Gram-negative, pleomorphic-shaped, pink to red pigmented and aerobic. Strain B4(T) required at least 2.5 M NaCl for growth, with optimum growth at 3.4 M NaCl. It was able to grow over a pH range ...
Goste─Źnik Christian - - 2012
Victims of traumatic events who experience re-traumatization often develop a highly ambivalent relationship to God and all religiosity as extremely conflictual. On the one hand, they may choose to blame God for not having protected them, for having left them to feel so alone, for having been indifferent to them ...
Oka Mayumi - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate retinal morphological changes in strabismus patients with abnormal binocular vision development by comparing differences in quadrantal macular retinal thickness. METHODS: Six strabismus patients (6 dominant and 5 non-dominant eyes) with abnormal binocular vision (mean age 22 years), and 11 control subjects (11 dominant and 11 non-dominant eyes) (mean ...
Hogeveen Jeremy J Department of Psychology and Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON, - - 2013
Imitation is a fundamentally important human capability and has been the topic of considerable research in the behavioural sciences. One paradigm for investigating the basic nature of imitation is the "automatic imitation" paradigm. In this paradigm, participants are symbolically cued to make a particular response, whilst being incidentally exposed to ...
Perrault Raissa - - 2012
Vascular dysfunction is the underlying cause of nearly 80% of heart disease cases, and its initiation and progression can be exacerbated by circulating factors, such as insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). IGF-1, which is highly homologous to insulin, elicits a response via a classical tyrosine kinase receptor, the IGF-1R. However, it ...
Guan Qingfeng - - 2012
The effects of dry heating, wet heating, and extrusion on the degradation of DNA in cottonseed meal (CSM) were studied using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and real-time PCR approach. Both the sad1 DNA, ranging between 128 and 883 bp in size, and the cry1Ab/c gene, ranging between 183 and 652 bp in ...
Korbee Rebecca S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: There are no data regarding the long-term prognostic value of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in obese patients. The aim of this study was to examine the value of stress (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin MPI findings for the prediction of very long-term outcome in obese patients. METHODS: The ...
Goldblum David D Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Basel, University Basel, 4031, Basel, Switzerland. - - 2013
To report the natural, longitudinal history of shifts in refractive errors in different age groups in a large western European cohort over at least 5 years in the same patients. The electronic database of a large regional clinic containing 225,000 patients was searched for records of patients with a follow-up ...
Kwon Sae Kwang - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to report clinical outcomes after high tibial osteotomy (HTO) in patients with a discoid lateral meniscus and to determine (1) whether discoid lateral meniscus degeneration by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) progresses after HTO and (2) whether this progression adversely affects clinical results. METHODS: The records ...
Günther Sabine - - 2012
Connexin 43 (Cx 43)-expressed by germ cells (GC), Sertoli cells (SC) and Leydig cells-is one of at least eleven Cx in the murine testis. A general knockout (KO) of Cx 43 in mice results in perinatal death and a SC-specific KO of Cx 43 (SCCx43KO) causes infertility of male mice ...
Lee Jun Seok - - 2012
Fungal ball in paranasal sinus was reported to be rare, but these days we have encountered numerous cases. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 4,485 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) who underwent sinus surgery from 1999 to 2010. Patients were categorized into group A (patients from 1999 to 2004) and ...
Di Daniele Nicola - - 2012
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a cluster of metabolic alteration associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease and overall mortality than the single alterations alone. The Italian Mediterranean Diet (IMD) can exert a positive effect on cardiovascular risk and related morbidity and mortality. The aim was to evaluate the benefits ...
Gupta Gagan D - - 2012
Translin and its interacting partner protein, TRAX, are members of the translin superfamily. These proteins are involved in mRNA regulation and in promoting RISC activity by removing siRNA passenger strand cleavage products, and have been proposed to play roles in DNA repair and recombination. Both homomeric translin and heteromeric translin-TRAX ...
Ishii Noriyuki - - 2012
n-Dodecyl-β-D-maltoside solubilized glucuronide transporter (GusB), the product of gusB gene from Escherichia coli, was treated with Bio-Beads as an agent for removing the detergent from a micellar solution under suitable combination with dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine. Optimizing conditions led to a two-dimensional crystalline array formation of GusB. The crystalline arrays appear to have ...
Djalalov Sandjar - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost effectiveness of genetic screening for the apolipoprotein (APOE) ε4 allele in combination with preventive donepezil treatment in comparison with the standard of care for amnestic mild cognitive impairment (AMCI) patients in Canada. METHODS: We performed a cost-effectiveness analysis using a Markov model with a societal ...
Salci Tânia Pereira - - 2012
Background Fungi have been developing resistance and merit greater attention because these microorganisms are among the major causes of hospital infection. Objective The aim of the present study was to characterize the pattern of fluconazole use in an adult intensive care unit. Setting The setting was an intensive care unit ...
Dapri Giovanni - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Single-access laparoscopy (SAL) has gained significant interest in recent years. Potential benefits, beyond cosmetic outcomes, could be reduction of abdominal trauma, decreased risk of incisional hernia and diminished postoperative pain. Technique and initial experience in patients submitted to laparoscopic adjustable gastric band removal (LAGBR) through SAL is reported here. ...
Shiraishi Kensuke - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Trastuzumab has been recently approved for clinical use to treat HER2-expressing advanced gastric cancer, and anti-HER2-targeting therapy has become a promising option for gastric cancer. Lapatinib is a dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting EGFR and HER2. The aim of the present study was to explore the utility of lapatinib ...
Arishima Hidetaka - - 2012
Amputation neuromas typically arise in injured peripheral nerves; rarely, however, they arise in the spinal cord. We report a rare case of intramedullary amputation neuroma associated with ependymoma in the cervical spinal cord. A 73-year-old woman presented with a 5-year history of progressive gait disturbance. Neurological examination revealed complete motor ...
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