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Vidailhet Marie - - 2012
The few controlled studies that have been carried out have shown that bilateral internal globus pallidum stimulation is a safe and long-term effective treatment for hyperkinetic disorders. However, most recent published data on deep brain stimulation (DBS) for dystonia, applied to different targets and patients, are still mainly from uncontrolled ...
Kim Du Sik - - 2012
Abstract Staurosporine, a non-specific protein kinase inhibitor, has been shown to induce neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells, but the mechanism by which staurosporine induces neurite outgrowth is still obscure. In the present study, we investigated whether the activation of Rac1 was responsible for the neurite outgrowth triggered by staurosporine. Staurosporine ...
Iwai Leo K - - 2012
The discoidin domain receptors (DDRs) are collagen binding receptor tyrosine kinases that play important roles in cell migration, invasion and adhesion. Crosstalk between growth factor signaling and components of the extracellular matrix are drivers of cellular function but the integrated signaling networks downstream of such crosstalk events have not been ...
Muller Matthew D MD Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Penn State Hershey, Heart and Vascular Institute, Hershey, Pennsylania 17033, - - 2013
We sought to determine how the aging left ventricle (LV) responds to sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation. Three separate echocardiographic experiments were conducted in 11 healthy young (26 ± 1 yr) and 11 healthy older (64 ± 1 yr) adults. Tissue Doppler imaging was used to measure systolic myocardial velocity ...
Nóbrega Celestino - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the use of irradiation with a low-level laser therapy (LLLT), wavelength 830 nm, for treating pain inherent to tooth movement caused by orthodontic devices, simulated by positioning interdental elastomeric separators. Methods: Sixty orthodontic patients were randomly assigned to ...
Barnkob L L - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of relative humidity on the migration of benzophenone from paperboard into the food simulant Tenax®. Kinetic migration investigations were carried out with three relative humidities in the interval between 39% and >73%. All investigations were carried out at a constant ...
Yanow Susan - - 2013
The Roe v Wade decision made safe abortion available but did not change the reality that more than 1 million women face an unwanted pregnancy every year. Forty years after Roe v Wade, the procedure is not accessible to many US women. The politics of abortion have led to a ...
Linke M - - 2012
Ovarian stimulation with gonadotrophins is an integral part of assisted reproductive technologies in human subfertility/infertility treatment. Recent findings have associated ovarian stimulation with the increased incidence of imprinting disorders in humans as well as defects in genome-wide methylation reprogramming and, in particular, imprinting in mice. Here, we present the first ...
Büyükgebiz Atilla - - 2012
Newborn screening (NS) for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is one of the major achievements in preventive medicine. Most neonates born with CH have normal appearance and no detectable physical signs. Hypothyroidism in the newborn period is almost always overlooked, and delayed diagnosis leads to the most severe outcome of CH, mental ...
Lavín Carmen - - 2012
Theoretical cross sections for photoionization of the methanol valence orbitals in covering a region up to 80 eV beyond the first ionization potential are reported. The molecular quantum defect orbital, MQDO, method, which has proved to be reliable in previous applications to molecular photoionization, has been used. To our knowledge, ...
Salehin Mohammad - - 2012
Medicago truncatula NIP/LATD gene, required for symbiotic nitrogen fixing nodule and root architecture development, encodes a member of the NRT1(PTR) family that demonstrates high-affinity nitrate transport in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Of three Mtnip/latd mutant proteins, one retains high-affinity nitrate transport in oocytes, while the other two are nitrate-transport defective. To ...
Kimmerle Joachim - - 2012
Abstract In computer-supported information exchange, people frequently tend to withhold their own information and free-ride on the others' contributions. In doing so, they save costs (time and effort) and maximize their own benefit. However, if everyone behaved in this way, there would be no information sharing at all. In this ...
Dunlop Rebecca A RA School of Veterinary Science, University of Queensland, Gatton, QLD 4343, Australia. - - 2013
The behavioural response study (BRS) is an experimental design used by field biologists to determine the function and/or behavioural effects of conspecific, heterospecific or anthropogenic stimuli. When carrying out these studies in marine mammals it is difficult to make basic observations and achieve sufficient samples sizes because of the high ...
Yang Yong Y Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, - - 2013
Mycobacteria are shaped by a thick envelope made of an array of uniquely structured lipids and polysaccharides. However, the spatial organization of these molecules remains unclear. Here, we show that exposure to an esterase from Mycobacterium smegmatis (Msmeg_1529), hydrolyzing the ester linkage of trehalose dimycolate in vitro, triggers rapid and ...
Fedder J - - 2013
Does neonatal outcome including congenital malformations in children born after ICSI with epididymal and testicular sperm [testicular sperm extraction (TESE)/percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA)/testicular sperm aspiration (TESA) (TPT)] differ from neonatal outcome in children born after ICSI with ejaculated sperm, IVF and natural conception (NC)? Children born after TPT have ...
Lanéelle Marie-Antoinette - - 2012
Mycolic acids, very long-chain α-alkyl, β-hydroxylated fatty acids, occur in the Corynebacteriales order where their chain lengths (C26 to C88) and structural features (oxygen functions, cis or trans double bonds, cyclopropane rings and methyl branches) are genus- and species-specific. The molecular composition and structures of the mycolic acids of two ...
Harley Stephen J - - 2012
The dynamic and equilibrium water vapor sorption properties of Sylgard-184, a commercially available poly(dimethylsiloxane) elastomer (PDMS), were determined via gravimetric analysis from 30 to 70 °C. Described here is a methodology for quantitatively assessing how water vapor diffuses and ad/absorbs into polymeric materials that are traditionally considered hydrophobic. PDMS materials ...
Jeong Byeong-Ho - - 2012
Background. There are limited data on the performance of the pneumonia severity index (PSI) and CURB-65, which were originally developed for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), for patients with healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP).Methods. The performances of PSI and CURB-65 were retrospectively evaluated in patients with HCAP compared to patients with CAP using prospectively collected data ...
Nelson Samantha A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term outcome of tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) and extracapsular repair (ECR) for treatment of a ruptured cranial cruciate ligament (RCCL). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS: Normal adult dogs (control, n = 79); dogs with unilateral CCL disease (n = 38). METHODS: Dogs had TPLO ...
Sengupta Arkajyoti - - 2012
Mechanism and the origin of enantioselectivity in the decarboxylative protonation of alpha-amino malonate hemiester promoted by epicinchona-thiourea hybrid organocatalyst is established by using the DFT(M06-2X/6-311+G**//ONIOM2) computational methods. The origin of stereoselectivity rendered by this hybrid bifunctional catalyst in asymmetric protonation is investigated for the first time using suitable transition state ...
Stürmer Birgit - - 2012
When the lateralized readiness potential (LRP) is recorded in stimulus-response compatibility (SRC) tasks, two processes may overlap in the LRP, stimulus-driven response priming and activation based on response selection rules. These overlapping processes are hard to disentangle with standard analytical tools. Here, we show that Residue Iteration Decomposition (RIDE), based ...
Alford Joshua S - - 2012
Warming of 4-phthalimido-N-mesyl-1,2,3-triazole in the presence of alkenes followed by silica gel induced hydrolysis results in a highly diastereoselective and catalyst-free entry to N-phthalimidocyclopropanecarboxaldehydes.
Kilmer Beau - - 2012
Objectives. We examined the public health impact of South Dakota's 24/7 Sobriety Project, an innovative program requiring individuals arrested for or convicted of alcohol-involved offenses to submit to breathalyzer tests twice per day or wear a continuous alcohol monitoring bracelet. Those testing positive are subject to swift, certain, and modest ...
Krishnan Jerry A JA University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2013
Comparative effectiveness research (CER) is intended to address the expressed needs of patients, clinicians, and other stakeholders. Representatives of 54 stakeholder groups with an interest in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) participated in workshops convened by the COPD Outcomes-based Network for Clinical Effectiveness and Research Translation (CONCERT) over a 2-year ...
Parati Gianfranco G Department of Health Sciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy. - - 2013
Observational studies have shown that 24-h and morning ambulatory blood pressure (BP) control is low. This large-scale, practice-based study evaluated the effects of telmisartan 40 or 80 mg alone or in combination with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 12.5 mg on these BP parameters over 8 weeks; treatment was adjusted if clinic BP remained ≥140/90 mm Hg. ...
Yanagi Mai - - 2012
Accumulated evidence suggests that an altered ambulatory blood pressure (BP) profile, particularly elevated nighttime BP, reflects target organ injury and is a better predictor of further cardiorenal risk than the clinic BP or daytime BP in hypertensive patients complicated by chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this study, we examined the ...
Baxley Allison A - - 2012
Brentuximab vendotin is a monoclonal antibody approved in August 2011 for use in patients with Hodgkin disease and a rare systemic lymphoma known as anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Brentuximab is approved in patients with Hodgkin disease who have failed autologous transplantation or after failure of at least two prior multi-agent ...
Park Kwang-Yeol - - 2012
Background/Aims: An increase in the pulsatility index (PI) has been suggested to reflect distal vascular resistance. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between intracranial arterial calcification and intracranial PIs. Methods: Consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack were included. The PIs of ...
Ryan Terence E - - 2013
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can be used to measure muscle oxygen consumption (mVO(2)) using arterial occlusions. The recovery rate of mVO(2) after exercise can provide an index of skeletal muscle mitochondrial function. The purpose of this study was to test the influence of exercise modality and intensity on NIRS measurements of ...
Edwards Arden Fredeking - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although ablative laser technology and surgical treatment are considered to be the criterion standard for the rejuvenation of aging skin, the demand for procedures with less down time and risk, such as nonablative laser and radiofrequency (RF) treatments, has increased over the last several decades. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the ...
Si Jiyeon - - 2012
Norovirus (NoV) and hepatitis A virus (HAV) are pathogenic enteric viruses responsible for public health concerns worldwide. The viral transmission occurs through fecally contaminated food, water, fomites, or direct contact. However, the difficulty in cultivating these viruses makes it challenge to characterize the resistance to various environmental stresses. In this ...
Rouxel Mélanie - - 2012
Assortative mating resulting from host plant specialization has been proposed to facilitate rapid ecological divergence in biotrophic plant pathogens. Downy mildews, a major group of biotrophic oomycetes, are prime candidates for testing speciation by host plant specialization. Here, we combined a phylogenetic and morphological approach with cross-pathogenicity tests to investigate ...
Fong A W Y - - 2013
We conducted a crossover randomised study to evaluate the performance of a novel optical stylet, the InnoScope, for tracheal intubation in simulated normal and difficult airways. Twenty-five anaesthetists attempted tracheal intubation on a SimMan 3G simulator using the InnoScope first followed by the Macintosh laryngoscope or vice versa. Three airway ...
Mahle Gray Kristen - - 2012
Objectives. To report on indicators of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy, we analyzed data collected through the national HIV surveillance system. Methods. We analyzed data from adults and adolescents aged 13 years or older diagnosed with HIV in 13 US jurisdictions that have laboratory reporting of CD4+ T-lymphocyte (CD4) and viral ...
Aronson Joshua J Department of Applied Psychology, New York University, New York, NY, USA. - - 2013
Stereotype threat is the unpleasant psychological experience of confronting negative stereotypes about race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, or social status. Hundreds of published studies show how the experience of stereotype threat can impair intellectual functioning and interfere with test and school performance. Numerous published interventions derived from this research have ...
Stefanis Nicholas C NC *To whom correspondence should be addressed; Centre for Clinical Research in Neuropsychiatry, School of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, The University of Western Australia and North Metropolitan Health Service-Mental Health, Gascoyne House, John XXIII Avenue, Mt Claremont, WA 6010, Perth, Australia; tel: (08)9347-6439, fax: (08)9384-5128, e-mail: - - 2013
Genetic variability within the ZNF804A gene has been recently found to be associated with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, although the pathways by which this gene may confer risk remain largely unknown. We set out to investigate whether common ZNF804A variants affect psychosis-related intermediate phenotypes such as cognitive performance dependent on ...
Bonnet Xavier - - 2012
The lack of shelter can perturb behaviors, increase stress level, and thus alter physiological performances (e.g. digestive, immune, or reproductive functions). Although intuitive, such potential impacts of lack of shelter remain poorly documented. We manipulated shelter availability, environmental and physiological variables (i.e. access to a heat source, predator attack, feeding ...
Driessen Rosalie P C - - 2013
Archaeal chromatin proteins share molecular and functional similarities with both bacterial and eukaryotic chromatin proteins. These proteins play an important role in functionally organizing the genomic DNA into a compact nucleoid. Cren7 and Sul7 are two crenarchaeal nucleoid-associated proteins, which are structurally homologous, but not conserved at the sequence level. ...
Filella Xavier - - 2012
Abstract The usefulness of %[-2] proPSA and Prostate Health Index (phi) in the detection of prostate cancer are currently unknown. It has been suggested that these tests can distinguish prostate cancer from benign prostatic diseases better than PSA or %fPSA. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available ...
Elder Todd E - - 2012
Several recent studies suggest that individual subjective survival forecasts are powerful predictors of both mortality and behavior. Using 15 years of longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study, I present an alternative view. Across a wide range of ages, predictions of in-sample mortality rates based on subjective forecasts are substantially ...
Saab Antoine M - - 2012
Juniperus excelsa fruit essential oil as well as J. oxycedrus, Cedrus libani, and Pinus pinea wood essential oils have been obtained with yields between 2.2 ± 0.3 % to 3.4 ± 0.5 % and analyzed by gas chromatography. Sesquiterpenes mainly characterized C. libani and J. oxycedrus essential oils, while in P. pinea and J. excelsa, monoterpenes ...
Nybom Inna - - 2012
Activated carbon (AC) amendment is a recently developed sediment remediation method. The strong hydrophobic organic contaminant sorption efficiency of AC has been shown in several studies, but effects on benthic organisms require more investigation. The AC induced effects on egestion rate, growth and reproduction of Lumbriculus variegatus were studied by ...
Phillips Charles D - - 2012
Objectives. We explored differences in criminal convictions between holders and nonholders of a concealed handgun license (CHL) in Texas. Methods. The Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS) provides annual data on criminal convictions of holders and nonholders of CHLs. We used 2001 to 2009 DPS data to investigate the differences ...
Allen Sharon S - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Accumulating evidence has linked depressive symptoms and sex hormones to risk for relapse; however, the specific mechanisms involved in these associations remain unknown. This randomized crossover study assessed physiological response to nicotine by menstrual phase in female smokers with and without depressive symptoms following acute smoking abstinence. METHODS: Females, ...
Pithadia Amit S AS Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, United - - 2012
In Alzheimer's disease (AD), metal-associated amyloid-β (metal-Aβ) species have been suggested to be involved in neurotoxicity; however, their role in disease development is still unclear. To elucidate this aspect, chemical reagents have been developed as valuable tools for targeting metal-Aβ species, modulating the interaction between the metal and Aβ, and ...
Han Zhang - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: It's unknown whether the prognostic value of admission heart rate (HR) was different in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with or without concomitant type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Consecutive STEMI patients who presented within 12 hours of symptom onset were recruited from 274 hospitals in ...
Havre R F - - 2012
Purpose: To investigate whether ultrasound-based strain imaging can discriminate between colorectal adenocarcinomas and stenotic Crohn's lesions in newly resected surgical specimens.Materials and Methods: Resected surgical specimens from 27 patients electively operated for colorectal tumors or stenotic lesions from Crohn's disease were prospectively examined with ultrasonography using a Hitachi HV 900 ...
Sugimura Satoshi S National Livestock Breeding Center, Fukushima 961-8511, - - 2013
To identify embryos individually during in vitro development, we previously developed the well-of-the-well (WOW) dish, which contains 25 microwells. Here we investigated the effect of embryo density (the number of embryos per volume of medium) on in vitro development and gene expression of bovine in vitro-fertilized embryos cultured in WOW ...
Youngstrom Eric A - - 2012
Assessment has been a historical strength of psychology, with sophisticated traditions of measurement, psychometrics, and theoretical underpinnings. However, training, reimbursement, and utilization of psychological assessment have been eroded in many settings. Evidence-based medicine (EBM) offers a different perspective on evaluation that complements traditional strengths of psychological assessment. EBM ties assessment ...
Beel Benedikt - - 2012
Cryptochromes (CRYs) are flavoproteins that are known as blue light photoreceptors in many organisms. Recently, genome sequences from a variety of algae became available. Functional characterizations of animal-like CRYs from Oestreococcus tauri, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Phaeodactylum tricornutum highlighted novel functions and properties. As arising from studies in fungi, certain algal ...
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