Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 2118
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Nilsson Jakob - - 2012
Segregation of chromosomes during mitosis requires the interaction of dynamic microtubules with the kinetochore, a large protein structure established on the centromere region of sister chromatids. The core microtubule-binding activity of the kinetochore resides in the KMN network, an outer kinetochore complex. As part of the KMN network, the Ndc80 ...
Almeida D O - - 2012
Infectious bronchitis is caused by a coronavirus, infectious bronchitis virus (IBV). Infectious bronchitis is an acute and highly contagious disease of economic importance due to the reduction in weight gain observed with infected broilers and the drop in egg quality and production associated with infected laying hens. The presence of ...
Cherng Juin-Hong - - 2012
ABSTRACT: There is an urgent need to develop tissue-engineered cartilage for patients experiencing joint malfunction due to insufficient self-repairing capacity of articular cartilage. The aim of this research was to explore the effect of hyperbaric oxygen and air on tissue-engineered cartilage formation from human adipose-derived stem cells seeding on the ...
Pillai Jay J - - 2012
ABSTRACT: We retrospectively compared the seizure focus-localizing capability of interictal PET/CT to that of interictal magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted imaging and ictal SPECT in 21 patient candidate for neurosurgery with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) by assessing overall lateralizing ability of these modalities and concordance of findings on these studies with results ...
Suzuki Yukihisa - - 2012
The aim of this study was to apply positron emission tomography (PET) with C-8-dicyclopropylmethyl-1-methyl-3-propylxanthine (MPDX), a radioligand for adenosine A1 receptor (A1R), to patients with hemianopia caused by brain injury to study neurorepair mechanisms in the brain. Four patients with homonymous hemianopia and 15 healthy subjects were examined using PET ...
Cao Li - - 2012
Previous studies have demonstrated that Lactobacillus has anti-inflammatory properties, but the protective functions of Lactobacillus and mechanisms of inhibition of necrotic enteritis (NE) in the intestines of chickens have not been fully clarified. In the present study, we selected a probiotic strain, Lactobacillus fermentum 1.2029, which has good adhesive ability ...
Vorholt Julia A - - 2012
Our knowledge of the microbiology of the phyllosphere, or the aerial parts of plants, has historically lagged behind our knowledge of the microbiology of the rhizosphere, or the below-ground habitat of plants, particularly with respect to fundamental questions such as which microorganisms are present and what they do there. In ...
Hanning I - - 2012
Pasture-flock-raised poultry are becoming an increasingly popular product, but only limited options are currently available for maintaining gut health. For these producers, prebiotics are an attractive option because they are generally recognized as safe (GRAS) and can be mixed into the feed and thus do not require adjustments to production ...
Lindenbaum Larry - - 2012
Pain management in the intensive care unit (ICU) is a complex process. Both the experience of pain as well as its treatment can have consequences relating to the overall outcome of the patient. Further, lack of the ability of many patients in the ICU to communicate their distress makes it ...
Kryvenko Oleksandr N - - 2012
Lymphovascular invasion is a known independent prognostic factor in prostate cancer. The objective of this study is to describe reliable morphologic features for identification of lymphovascular invasion in prostatectomy specimens and avoid misinterpretation of its mimickers. A total of 364 foci of lymphovascular invasion were analyzed in 264 slides from ...
Sauler Maor M Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, 15 York Street, New Haven, CT 06510, - - 2012
With the introduction of new materials and changes in manufacturing practices, occupational health investigators continue to uncover associations between novel exposures and chronic forms of diffuse parenchymal lung disease and terminal airways disease. To discern exposure-disease relationships, clinicians must maintain a high index of suspicion for the potential toxicity of ...
Yang Chiu-Yueh - - 2012
: Poor sleep quality may have a significant and negative impact on physical and mental health. Poor sleep quality also increases the risk of all-cause mortality. Few studies have explored the sleep quality of community-dwelling older adults in Taiwan. : This study examined the prevalence of sleep disturbance and potential ...
Heist Rebecca S RS Department or Thoracic Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA. - - 2012
Amplification of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) has been reported in squamous cell lung carcinoma and may be a molecular target for therapy. Little is known, however, about the clinical and demographic correlates of FGFR1 amplification. The study is an Institutional Review Board approved retrospective analysis of 226 patients ...
Huffman K - - 2012
Genetic selection has been very successful at significantly increasing BW and breast muscle proportion in commercial broiler and turkey strains. The mechanisms of breast muscle growth in poultry and the interactive effects of nutritional status and selection are not fully understood. The hypothesis underlying the current study is that feed ...
Vela Javier - - 2012
In this study we isolated and characterized Staphylococcus xylosus, a coagulase-negative staphylococcal species considered as commensal and one of the prevalent staphylococcal species found in poultry bioaerosol. Isolates were obtained using air samplers and selective phenylethyl alcohol agar for gram-positive bacteria during 35-d periods at different times of the day. ...
Choudhri Asim F - - 2012
This article provides a summary of how to approach the imaging analysis of lesions of the anterior, central, and posterior skull base. The primary focus is tumors and tumor-mimickers, and representative examples are shown to differentiate the features of lesions that can occur in the same location.
Li Tianjie T National Laboratory of Medical Molecular Biology, Peking Union Medical College, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medicine, Beijing, - - 2012
Alpha-2-adrenergic receptor (ADRA2A) is involved in the sympathetic nervous system and plays a role in the regulation of insulin secretion and lipolysis. Recent studies have indicated that the ADRA2A polymorphisms are associated with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Caucasians and African Americans. The present study aimed to evaluate the association ...
D'Angelo Sandra P - - 2012
EGFR and KRAS mutations are mutually exclusive and predict outcomes with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment in patients with stage IV lung cancers. The clinical significance of these mutations in patients with resected stage I-III lung cancers is unclear. At our institution, resection specimens from ...
Schilling M W - - 2012
Research was conducted to determine the effect of stunning method (low atmosphere pressure, LAPS, and electrical stunning, ES) and deboning time (0.75 and 4 h) on breast meat quality (n = 576, 144 birds per treatment) in a commercial processing plant. Breast meat quality was evaluated through determining pH, Commission ...
Feldman Jonathan M - - 2012
Failure to detect respiratory compromise can lead to emergency healthcare use and fatal asthma attacks. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of predicting peak expiratory flow (PEF) and receiving feedback on perception of pulmonary function and adherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). The sample consisted of 192 ...
Helland Aslaug - - 2012
: Asbestos-related malignant pleural mesothelioma is one of the most lethal tumor types. The advent of antimetabolite treatment as pemetrexed, introduced in the early 2000s, may have increased survival on a population basis. In this study, we have analyzed population-based incidence and survival data over the last 40 years. : ...
Mohiti-Asli M - - 2012
The effects of inclusion of cellulose or inulin as a source of dietary fiber and CP content of the diet on hepatic fat deposition were investigated in hens fed restricted or close to ad libitum consumption. There were 12 dietary treatments forming a 2 × 3 × 2 factorial with ...
Tang Yu-Wen - - 2012
Wide excision is the major recommendation for management of soft-tissue sarcomas. Pathologic reports of postexcision sarcomas revealed very close (within 2 mm) but clear excision margins. This investigation was a retrospective study to determine whether wide reexcision plus radiotherapy (R/T), or R/T only, yielded better outcomes. We evaluated our soft-tissue ...
Fujimoto Junya - - 2012
Understanding oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes expression patterns is essential for characterizing lung cancer pathogenesis. We have previously demonstrated that mGprc5a/hGPRC5A is a lung-specific tumor suppressor evidenced by inflammation-mediated tumorigenesis in Gprc5a-knockout mice. The implication of GPRC5A in human lung cancer pathogenesis, including that associated with inflammatory chronic obstructive pulmonary ...
Pérez-Bonilla A - - 2012
The influence of AME(n) concentration of the diet on productive performance and egg quality traits was studied in Hy-Line brown egg-laying hens differing in initial BW from 24 to 59 wk of age. Eight treatments were arranged factorially with 4 diets varying in energy content (2,650, 2,750, 2,850, and 2,950 ...
Goldacre Michael J - - 2012
: To investigate the risk of intestinal cancer in a cohort of people who had undergone cholecystectomy for gallstones, and in a cohort of people who had been hospitalized for gallbladder disease but had not undergone cholecystectomy. : Some investigators have suggested that cholecystectomy increases the risk of intestinal cancer. ...
Sava Francesco - - 2012
There is new evidence for ambient air pollution (AAP) leading to an increased incidence of respiratory diseases in adults. Research has demonstrated that co-exposures have the potential to dramatically augment the effects of AAP and lower the threshold of effect of a given pollutant. Interactions between genes related to oxidative ...
Lin Jia-Ling - - 2012
: Despite evidence that psychological distress manifests itself in underreported and atypical ways, few studies have assessed these symptoms in women who have experienced intrauterine insemination (IUI). : The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of psychological distress and explore the relationships among psychological distress, various demographic ...
Gelecek Nihal - - 2012
Our aim was to determine the effects of resistance training on cardiovascular risk factors in postmenopausal women. Forty-five women were included in the study. Resistance exercises were done with an intensity of 60% of 1-Repetition Maximum, for 12 weeks. Heart rate, blood pressure, estimated peak VO(2), lipid profiles, and homocysteine ...
Minatel Emilio - - 2012
This study aimed to assess the safety of high doses of radiation delivered with tomotherapy to the intact lung after radical pleurectomy/decortication or biopsy for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Twenty-eight patients were enrolled in this prospective study and underwent adjuvant or definitive tomotherapy after radical pleurectomy/decortication (n = 20) or ...
Kuttappan V A - - 2012
White striping could be a potential reason for the rejection of raw breast fillets in the market. The condition is characterized grossly by the white striations occurring on the fillets showing myopathic changes on microscopic examination. Early research has shown similar lesions in the case of nutritional muscular dystrophy, which ...
Teoh Anthony Yuen Bun - - 2012
: The aim of the current study was to perform a multicentered prospective double-blinded randomized controlled trial comparing laparoendoscopic single-site access (LESS) versus conventional three-port laparoscopic appendectomy (TPLA). : The clinical benefits and disadvantages of LESS appendectomy are uncertain. : Between October 2009 and March 2011, consecutive patients admitted with ...
Forest Fabien - - 2012
SMARCB1 germline mutations mainly predispose to rhabdoid tumors. However, less aggressive tumors with a later onset have also been reported in a context of SMARCB1 constitutional mutation-that is, schwannomatosis and meningiomatosis. No other tumor type has formally been observed in such a context thus far. We report on a patient ...
Kuo Mei-Chen - - 2012
: Faster than anticipated increases in population, aging is making the issue of frailty among the elderly increasingly important. Despite general agreement that a frailty assessment is important for planning care for the older adults, a lack of consensus remains regarding the best methodology to use for frailty assessments. : ...
Chu Tian-Qing - - 2012
: Early prediction of the efficacy of a combination of an antiangiogenic drug with cytotoxic chemotherapy is a significant challenge. In that regard, circulating endothelial cells (CECs) and cytokeratins (CKs) seem to reflect their roles in both tumor angiogenesis and tumor cell death. : Patients with advanced, previously untreated non-small-cell ...
Caputo M P - - 2012
The mass depopulation of production birds remains an effective means of controlling fast-moving, highly infectious diseases such as avian influenza and virulent Newcastle disease. Two experiments were performed to compare the physiological responses of White Pekin commercial ducks during foam depopulation and CO(2) gas depopulation. Both experiment 1 (5 to ...
Li C L - - 2012
Addition of roxarsone can significantly improve the growth of broiler chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus). Nevertheless, this application will lead to the contamination of the environment as well as animal products. Understanding the response of genes to roxarsone may bring about the discovery of new, safer substitutes. In this study, we ...
Peppard William J - - 2012
This article provides a review of commonly prescribed medications in the surgical ICU, focusing on sedatives, antipsychotics, neuromuscular blocking agents, cardiovascular agents, anticoagulants, and antibiotics. A brief overview of pharmacology is followed by practical considerations to aid prescribers in selecting the best therapy within a given category of drugs to ...
Martelli Gabriele - - 2012
: To assess the role of axillary dissection in older breast cancer patients with a clinically clear axilla. : Axillary dissection, once standard treatment for breast cancer, is associated with considerable morbidity. It has been substituted by sentinel node biopsy with dissection only if the sentinel node is positive. We ...
Hirayama Shunki - - 2012
: Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are recruited into cancer-induced stroma and produce a specific microenvironment for cancer progression. CD204 (+) TAMs are reportedly related to tumor progression and clinical outcome in some tumors. The aim of this study was to clarify the correlation between CD204 (+) TAMs and the clinicopathological features ...
Zhang H - - 2012
Hypoxia inhibits avian embryonic development, as well as increases embryonic mortality. However, the key organ systems affected by hypoxia, and their critical windows for development, are poorly understood. Consequently, chicken embryos were continuously exposed to 3 levels of oxygen (21, 15, or 13% O(2)) throughout d 0 to 10, d ...
Kanekar Sangam G - - 2012
The authors present imaging anatomy of the parotid space and discuss non-neoplastic lesions, autoimmune disorders, cysts, neoplastic lesions, epithelial tumors, and nonepithelial lesions. They describe the diseases and their appearance on imaging, describing how the differential diagnoses appear, along with presenting examples of the images, primarily computed tomography and magnetic ...
Sun H - - 2012
A study was conducted to determine the effect of feeding high concentrations of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) on egg production and the internal quality of eggs from laying hens. Four diets were formulated to contain 0, 17, 35, or 50% corn DDGS. A total of two hundred ...
Kum Jennifer B - - 2012
Occasionally, testicular teratomas have been observed to occur in association with somatic-type malignancies. The latter may be seen in the primary germ cell tumor or, more commonly, in metastases after chemotherapy. The molecular-genetic relationship between the teratoma and the somatic-type malignancy is uncertain. We examined 27 pairs of teratoma and ...
O'Bleness Majesta M Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, Human Medical Genetics and Neuroscience Programs, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado 80045, - - 2012
Given the unprecedented tools that are now available for rapidly comparing genomes, the identification and study of genetic and genomic changes that are unique to our species have accelerated, and we are entering a golden age of human evolutionary genomics. Here we provide an overview of these efforts, highlighting important ...
Rengaraj D - - 2012
Primordial germ cells (PGC) from early embryos are applicable to various kinds of research, including the production of transgenic animals. Primordial germ cells eventually migrate and differentiate into germ cells in the gonads, where they settle and rapidly proliferate. However, the proliferation rate of PGC is low in early embryos, ...
Yassin Hurria - - 2012
A deterministic model is developed to support the tactical and operational replacement decisions at broiler breeder farms. The marginal net revenue approach is applied to determine the optimal replacement age of a flock. The objective function of the model maximizes the annual gross margin over the flock's production cycle. To ...
Warshafsky Daniel - - 2012
This article presents a comprehensive analysis of the neck fascia and neck spaces that are formed by the interplay of the different fascial layers. Because a solid and thorough understanding of the anatomy and relationship of the various neck spaces is so valuable in diagnosing and treating diseases of the ...
Milner Phillip J PJ Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, United - - 2012
A series of monoligated L·Pd(II)(Ar)X complexes (L = dialkyl biaryl phosphine) have been prepared and studied in an effort to better understand an unusual dearomative rearrangement previously documented in these systems. Experimental and theoretical evidence suggest a concerted process involving the unprecedented Pd(II)-mediated insertion of an aryl group into an ...
Bayyareddy Krishnareddy K Department of Entomology, Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, United - - 2012
Lipid rafts are microdomains in the plasma membrane of eukaryotic cells. Among their many functions, lipid rafts are involved in cell toxicity caused by pore forming bacterial toxins including Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Cry toxins. We isolated lipid rafts from brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV) of Aedes aegypti larvae as a ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >