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Donnelly Tam Truong - - 2012
In Qatar, cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular diseases can be prevented and controlled by modifying lifestyle risk behaviors. In this qualitative study, we investigate ways to increase participation in physical activity, and to promote a healthy diet, and nonsmoking behavior in Qatari women. Individual ...
Wang Y - - 2012
Avian influenza virus (AIV) is a major respiratory disease of poultry that causes catastrophic losses to the poultry industry. The Mx protein has been shown to confer antiviral responses to influenza viruses in mice. One nonsynonymous substitution (S631N) in the chicken Mx protein is reported to be associated with resistance ...
Pasquali F - - 2012
As part of a more comprehensive research activity on the use of modified-atmosphere packaging for the improvement of quality and functional properties of table eggs, the effects of air, 100% CO(2), and 100% O(2) packaging were also evaluated on the survival of experimentally inoculated pathogen bacteria (Salmonella Enteritidis, Escherichia coli, ...
Harnath Thomas - - 2012
: To evaluate prognostic factors of thymic epithelial tumors (TETs) with particular reference to histology and the dose-response relationship of adjuvant radiotherapy. : Retrospective study with central pathological review on patients resected for TET between 1966 and 2004 at a single institution. Prognostic factors were identified using Cox regression analysis. ...
Springelkamp Henriët - - 2012
To determine, first, which regions of 3-D optical coherence tomography (OCT) volumes can be segmented completely in the majority of subjects and, second, the relationship between analyzed area and thickness measurement test-retest variability. Three-dimensional OCT volumes (6 × 6 mm) centered around the fovea and optic nerve head (ONH) of ...
Bae Young Kyung - - 2012
Estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) are prognostic markers of breast cancer and predictive markers of response to endocrine therapy. To determine rates of ER and PR expression in invasive breast carcinoma among Korean women, the Breast Pathology Study Group of the Korean Society of Pathologists collected 1198 specimens ...
Stevens Sherri - - 2012
We conducted this qualitative study to elicit the experiences of midlife women who survived myocardial infarctions (MIs) and returned home to recover. We selected a phenomenological research method based on the philosophy of Merleau-Ponty. The researcher interviewed eight women ranging in age from 45 to 65. The interviews were transcribed ...
Kim E J - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine standardized AA digestibility of corn, corn gluten meal, and 3 distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) using the precision-fed cecectomized rooster assay (PFR), the standardized ileal AA broiler chicken assay (SIAAD), and a newly developed precision-fed ileal broiler chicken assay (PFC). For ...
Shin D - - 2012
The effect of conventionally applied kosher salt on the microbiological profile of posteviscerated chicken carcasses obtained from a local commercial processing facility was evaluated. The broiler carcasses were divided into treatments 1 through 8. Standard sampling methods were used to evaluate Salmonella prevalence, aerobic plate counts, coliforms, generic Escherichia coli, ...
Matsubara Daisuke - - 2012
Rearranged during transfection (RET) fusions have been newly identified in approximately 1% of patients with primary lung tumors. However, patient-derived lung cancer cell lines harboring RET fusions have not yet been established or identified, and therefore, the effectiveness of an RET inhibitor on lung tumors with endogenous RET fusion has ...
Field R William RW Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, 105 River Street, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2012
Because tobacco smoking is a potent carcinogen, secondary causes of lung cancer are often diminished in perceived importance. The goal of this review is to describe the occurrence and recent findings of the 27 agents currently listed by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as lung carcinogens. The ...
Holstein Andreas - - 2012
The cytochrome P4502C enzymes account for the metabolism of approximately 20% of therapeutic drugs including certain oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs). This review focuses on the effect of CYP2C enzymes on metabolism of sulphonylureas (SUs), meglitinides, and thiazolidinediones (TZDs) discussing their impact on pharmacokinetics, drug interactions and toxicological profiles. Pharmacogenetic aspects ...
Yeong Eng-Kean - - 2012
The treatment of bone-exposed wounds with artificial dermis is not widely accepted in burn patients because of uncertain clinical results. This article aimed to review our clinical experience with this technique. We implanted artificial dermis in 11 bone-exposed burns. Implantation was directly performed on bones with periosteum, whereas bones without ...
Tzeng Yuan-Sheng - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Herniations of the cervical disk in plastic surgeons are far more common in practice than the paucity of reported cases would indicate. A likely explanation may be the peculiar, nonergonomic positions that plastic surgeons must hold during surgery while wearing a headlight and loupes. From January 2003 to December ...
Parmentier Henk K - - 2012
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are present in high levels in the air of chicken houses and likely have immune-modulating effects. In this study, layers from the 30th generation of a divergent selection experiment for humoral immune reactivity to subcutaneously administered sheep red blood cells were concurrently intratracheally challenged with human serum albumin ...
Mehri M - - 2012
An artificial neural network (ANN) approach was used to develop feed-forward multilayer perceptron models to estimate the nutritional requirements of digestible lysine (dLys), methionine (dMet), and threonine (dThr) in broiler chicks. Sixty data lines representing response of the broiler chicks during 3 to 16 d of age to dietary levels ...
Gupta Ajay - - 2012
The authors present imaging anatomy of the parapharyngeal space. Imaging approach is discussed in terms of the effect it has on differential diagnosis and diagnosis by the otolaryngologist. Neoplastic and congenital lesions are discussed along with other neck diseases occurring in this space.
Matsumiya Wataru - - 2012
Multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4) effluxes a wide variety of endogenous compounds, including cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), and is exclusively expressed in vascular endothelial cells (ECs) of the retina. This study aimed to investigate the role of MRP4 in retinal vascular development. The retinal vascular phenotype of Mrp4(-/-) mice was ...
Cheng Hsiu-Ting - - 2012
ABSTRACT: A quantum dot (QD)-conjugated collagen-hyaluronic acid (HA) porous scaffold was combined with our previously reported animal model of mice inferior epigastric flaps and QD infusion to study scaffold angiogenesis. A CdSe/ZnS QD-labeled collagen/HA scaffold was fabricated and examined with a confocal microscope. The degradation rate of the scaffold was ...
Albrecht H N - - 2012
White Leghorn chickens were selected for 36 generations for high (HAS) or low (LAS) antibody response to SRBC 5 d after an intravenous challenge. Our objective was to determine differences in egg quality resulting from that selection. In total, eggs from 45 hens from each line were assessed for shape ...
Yalçin S - - 2012
Eggs (n = 1,800) obtained from Ross broiler breeders at 32 and 48 wk of age were incubated at either a constant temperature of 37.6°C throughout (T1), or the temperature was reduced for 6 h to 36.6°C each day during embryonic age (EA) 10 to 18 (T2). Yolk sac, liver, ...
Jindal Gaurav - - 2012
A review of the current clinical applications of a variety of percutaneous and endovascular interventional procedures of the extracranial head and neck is presented. After a description of general principles and embolic agents for interventional procedures, management of specific disorders is presented and procedural steps are described for epistaxis, embolization ...
Purswell J L - - 2012
Two simultaneous trials were conducted using a commercially available, live, F strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum (FMG) vaccine (trial 1) or 2 inocula of layer complex-derived MG strains (LCD-MG; trial 2). In each of the 2 trials, 4 commercial turkeys were housed in each of 2 adjoining pens immediately adjacent to air ...
Rowe Meredeth A - - 2012
At every stage of dementia, people with the condition are at risk for both missing incidents, in which they are unattended and unable to navigate a safe return to their caregiver, and "wandering," a term often used to describe repetitive locomotion with patterns such as lapping or pacing. By understanding ...
Scagliotti Giorgio Vittorio - - 2012
Denosumab, a fully human anti-RANKL monoclonal antibody, reduces the incidence of skeletal-related events in patients with bone metastases from solid tumors. We present survival data for the subset of patients with lung cancer, participating in the phase 3 trial of denosumab versus zoledronic acid (ZA) in the treatment of bone ...
Malik Vinod - - 2012
F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (F-FDG PET) imaging is increasingly the standard of care in the staging of esophageal cancer. Synchronous neoplasms may be identified, and this study evaluated the prevalence of such tumors and their impact on management. Five hundred ninety-one (73.6%) of 803 consecutive patients with biopsy-proven esophageal cancer ...
Hatziioannou Theodora - - 2012
The AIDS pandemic continues to present us with unique scientific and public health challenges. Although the development of effective antiretroviral therapy has been a major triumph, the emergence of drug resistance requires active management of treatment regimens and the continued development of new antiretroviral drugs. Moreover, despite nearly 30 years ...
West Gordon - - 2012
Data from the Military Nursing Outcomes Database (MilNOD) project demonstrate that inadequately staffed shifts can increase the likelihood of adverse events, such as falls with injury, medication errors, and needlestick injuries to nurses. Such evidence can be used to show that it takes not only the right number of nursing ...
Wang Lei - - 2012
The aim of this study is to evaluate the agreement between myocardial F-FDG PET imaging and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) in assessing cardiac function and relationship of cMRI late gadolinium enhancement (cMRI-LGE) and myocardial perfusion/metabolism pattern in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM). Forty-two consecutive patients diagnosed with IDCM ...
Polanowski A - - 2012
Immunity transfer from a mother to the newborn does not depend exclusively on immunoglobulins. Peptides, which are characterized by immunoregulatory properties that accompany IgG(2), known as proline-rich polypeptide complex (PRP), have been discovered for the first time in ovine colostrum. In this report we present new data showing that some ...
Moretti Laura L Traumatic Brain Injury Research Laboratory, Kessler Foundation, West Orange, NJ, - - 2012
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important public health problem with potentially serious long-term neurobehavioural sequelae. There is evidence to suggest that a history of TBI can increase a person's risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. However, individuals with dementia do not usually have a history of TBI, and survivors of ...
Hsu Honda - - 2012
ABSTRACT: We describe our experience in expanding the use of pedicled anterolateral thigh and vastus lateralis myocutaneous flaps. A total of 33 patients underwent 34 flaps between March 2003 and January 2012. The defects included 18 ischial, 3 trochanteric, 5 lower abdomen, 2 perineogenital, 1 groin, and 5 knee defects. ...
Basu Sandip - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Serendipitous observation of multifocal bilobar hepatic metastases on F-fluoride (NaF) PET arising in the setting of infiltrating ductal carcinoma of breast is described in the present report. A 46-year-old female patient with infiltrating ductal carcinoma had an F-fluoride PET which demonstrated uptake in multiple skeletal metastasis and several upper ...
Hossain M E - - 2012
The present study was conducted to select appropriate microbial strains for the development of fermented Alisma canaliculatum A. Br. et Bouche (FAC) feed additive and to examine their effects on broilers. In experiment 1, 16 strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus plantarum, Enterococcus faecium, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus coagulans, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae ...
Bryson Thomas C - - 2012
This article discusses the rationale for imaging cervical lymph nodes and reviews nodal anatomy and common drainage patterns, imaging features of pathologic lymph nodes, and the advantages of various imaging modalities available for evaluation and diagnosis of the lymph nodes.
Yang Jui-Yung JY Linkou Burn Center, Department of Plastic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. - - 2012
Intrascar excision with debulking procedure is a good choice for scar revision in unique 3-dimensional facial aesthetic units, especially in the auricular area. It can remove or reduce scars in a shorter course without distortion of the surrounding anatomic structures and visible operative scars. This retrospective study was done to ...
Harolds Jay A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Previous articles in this series have focused on tips for educators and leaders in giving a presentation, followed by articles on composing the talk and PowerPoint slides. This article focuses on how a speaker can effectively use questions to engage the audience and answer questions from the listeners, including ...
Huang Benjamin Y - - 2012
Imaging with CT, MRI, or fluorodeoxyglucose F 18-positron emission tomography is often an important complement to laryngoscopy for diagnosis and management of laryngeal pathology. At most centers, CT is the most popular modality for general laryngeal imaging given its widespread availability, ease of acquisition, and familiarity to clinicians, whereas MRI ...
Soslow Robert A - - 2012
It is unknown whether the type and grade of a primary endometrial carcinoma is reliably maintained in recurrence. All matched primary and recurrent endometrial carcinomas diagnosed from 2000 to 2010 at our institution were identified; 34 cases had available slides. Histologic classification was performed using modifications to the World Health ...
Fishwick David - - 2012
Asthma and extrinsic allergic alveolitis (EAA) remain prevalent respiratory diseases and the cause of a significant disease burden. This article reviews the recent occupational and environmental causes described for these conditions. Even over the limited time spam addressed by this article, novel agents and new data relating to already suggested ...
Cohen Howard J - - 2012
Respiratory protection is used as a method of protecting individuals from inhaling harmful airborne contaminants and in some cases to supply them with breathable air in oxygen-deficient environments. This article focuses on the use and types of personal respiratory protection (respirators) worn by individuals at workplaces where airborne hazardous contaminants ...
Faber T A - - 2012
Fermentable oligosaccharides, particularly those found in soybean meal (SBM), may modulate fermentation in the ceca, thus affecting intestinal immune responses to intestinal pathogens. We hypothesized that fermentable oligosaccharides found in SBM would positively affect cecal fermentation and intestinal immune status in chicks challenged with an acute coccidiosis (Eimeria acervulina) infection ...
Lee Jian-Jr - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon (KMP) is a rare and life-threatening disease of vascular tumor combined with severe consumptive coagulopathy. Currently, there is no established effective treatment of KMP. In this case series, from 2006 to 2008, we treated 6 pediatric patients with newly diagnosed KMP using intralesional corticosteroid injections. The severity ...
Kim Ae Ran - - 2012
: Little is known about how quality of life (QOL) changes over time after gastrectomy. We prospectively examined changes of QOL in Korean patients with gastric cancer after curative resection. : As early detection and improved treatment have led to higher survival rates and an increasing number of long-term survivors, ...
Teng Ann Y - - 2012
This article illustrates the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on the work force and emphasizes that there are public health risks and significant societal financial losses in untreated OSA. Specifics of OSA impact on individuals are discussed with regard to veterans, first responders, farmers, and pilots, specially focusing on ...
Hsu Li-Ling - - 2012
: Nurses are experiencing new ethical issues because of global developments and changes in the healthcare environment. Blended learning is one of the various methods used to deliver meaningful learning experiences. Well-designed, properly administered nursing ethics education is essential for nursing students to visualize the role of professional nurses. However, ...
Lai Chung-Sheng - - 2012
ABSTRACT: There is a painting that looks like a representation of a simple surgical procedure. However, it holds a warm story of the love surrounding the first skin graft made by Dr. David Landsborough III for a Taiwanese child in 1928. He harvested the donor skin from his wife, Marjorie ...
Lobo Alice Z C - - 2012
The utility of sectioning at multiple levels in the histopathologic analysis of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) for melanoma and the correlation of metastasis size with risk of subsequent metastasis were investigated. Metastatic melanoma was identified in SLNs from 91 of 475 (19%) melanoma patients with SLN sampling at the Massachusetts ...
Diaz-Guzman Enrique - - 2012
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality in industrialized and nonindustrialized countries. Although tobacco use remains the main factor associated with development of the disease, occupational risk factors represent an important and preventable cause. The most common occupationally related factors include exposure to organic dusts, ...
O'Flaherty John D - - 2012
The cancer stem-cell (CSC) hypothesis suggests that there is a small subset of cancer cells that are responsible for tumor initiation and growth, possessing properties such as indefinite self-renewal, slow replication, intrinsic resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and an ability to give rise to differentiated progeny. Through the use of ...
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