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Feldman Jonathan M - - 2012
Failure to detect respiratory compromise can lead to emergency healthcare use and fatal asthma attacks. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of predicting peak expiratory flow (PEF) and receiving feedback on perception of pulmonary function and adherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). The sample consisted of 192 ...
Nilsson Jakob - - 2012
Segregation of chromosomes during mitosis requires the interaction of dynamic microtubules with the kinetochore, a large protein structure established on the centromere region of sister chromatids. The core microtubule-binding activity of the kinetochore resides in the KMN network, an outer kinetochore complex. As part of the KMN network, the Ndc80 ...
Almeida D O - - 2012
Infectious bronchitis is caused by a coronavirus, infectious bronchitis virus (IBV). Infectious bronchitis is an acute and highly contagious disease of economic importance due to the reduction in weight gain observed with infected broilers and the drop in egg quality and production associated with infected laying hens. The presence of ...
Purswell J L - - 2012
Two simultaneous trials were conducted using a commercially available, live, F strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum (FMG) vaccine (trial 1) or 2 inocula of layer complex-derived MG strains (LCD-MG; trial 2). In each of the 2 trials, 4 commercial turkeys were housed in each of 2 adjoining pens immediately adjacent to air ...
Pérez-Bonilla A - - 2012
The influence of AME(n) concentration of the diet on productive performance and egg quality traits was studied in Hy-Line brown egg-laying hens differing in initial BW from 24 to 59 wk of age. Eight treatments were arranged factorially with 4 diets varying in energy content (2,650, 2,750, 2,850, and 2,950 ...
Vela Javier - - 2012
In this study we isolated and characterized Staphylococcus xylosus, a coagulase-negative staphylococcal species considered as commensal and one of the prevalent staphylococcal species found in poultry bioaerosol. Isolates were obtained using air samplers and selective phenylethyl alcohol agar for gram-positive bacteria during 35-d periods at different times of the day. ...
Choudhri Asim F - - 2012
This article provides a summary of how to approach the imaging analysis of lesions of the anterior, central, and posterior skull base. The primary focus is tumors and tumor-mimickers, and representative examples are shown to differentiate the features of lesions that can occur in the same location.
Hsu Honda - - 2012
ABSTRACT: We describe our experience in expanding the use of pedicled anterolateral thigh and vastus lateralis myocutaneous flaps. A total of 33 patients underwent 34 flaps between March 2003 and January 2012. The defects included 18 ischial, 3 trochanteric, 5 lower abdomen, 2 perineogenital, 1 groin, and 5 knee defects. ...
Basu Sandip - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Serendipitous observation of multifocal bilobar hepatic metastases on F-fluoride (NaF) PET arising in the setting of infiltrating ductal carcinoma of breast is described in the present report. A 46-year-old female patient with infiltrating ductal carcinoma had an F-fluoride PET which demonstrated uptake in multiple skeletal metastasis and several upper ...
Hossain M E - - 2012
The present study was conducted to select appropriate microbial strains for the development of fermented Alisma canaliculatum A. Br. et Bouche (FAC) feed additive and to examine their effects on broilers. In experiment 1, 16 strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus plantarum, Enterococcus faecium, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus coagulans, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae ...
Bryson Thomas C - - 2012
This article discusses the rationale for imaging cervical lymph nodes and reviews nodal anatomy and common drainage patterns, imaging features of pathologic lymph nodes, and the advantages of various imaging modalities available for evaluation and diagnosis of the lymph nodes.
Suzuki Yukihisa - - 2012
The aim of this study was to apply positron emission tomography (PET) with C-8-dicyclopropylmethyl-1-methyl-3-propylxanthine (MPDX), a radioligand for adenosine A1 receptor (A1R), to patients with hemianopia caused by brain injury to study neurorepair mechanisms in the brain. Four patients with homonymous hemianopia and 15 healthy subjects were examined using PET ...
Cao Li - - 2012
Previous studies have demonstrated that Lactobacillus has anti-inflammatory properties, but the protective functions of Lactobacillus and mechanisms of inhibition of necrotic enteritis (NE) in the intestines of chickens have not been fully clarified. In the present study, we selected a probiotic strain, Lactobacillus fermentum 1.2029, which has good adhesive ability ...
Vorholt Julia A - - 2012
Our knowledge of the microbiology of the phyllosphere, or the aerial parts of plants, has historically lagged behind our knowledge of the microbiology of the rhizosphere, or the below-ground habitat of plants, particularly with respect to fundamental questions such as which microorganisms are present and what they do there. In ...
Hanning I - - 2012
Pasture-flock-raised poultry are becoming an increasingly popular product, but only limited options are currently available for maintaining gut health. For these producers, prebiotics are an attractive option because they are generally recognized as safe (GRAS) and can be mixed into the feed and thus do not require adjustments to production ...
Lindenbaum Larry - - 2012
Pain management in the intensive care unit (ICU) is a complex process. Both the experience of pain as well as its treatment can have consequences relating to the overall outcome of the patient. Further, lack of the ability of many patients in the ICU to communicate their distress makes it ...
Yeong Eng-Kean - - 2012
The treatment of bone-exposed wounds with artificial dermis is not widely accepted in burn patients because of uncertain clinical results. This article aimed to review our clinical experience with this technique. We implanted artificial dermis in 11 bone-exposed burns. Implantation was directly performed on bones with periosteum, whereas bones without ...
Tzeng Yuan-Sheng - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Herniations of the cervical disk in plastic surgeons are far more common in practice than the paucity of reported cases would indicate. A likely explanation may be the peculiar, nonergonomic positions that plastic surgeons must hold during surgery while wearing a headlight and loupes. From January 2003 to December ...
Parmentier Henk K - - 2012
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are present in high levels in the air of chicken houses and likely have immune-modulating effects. In this study, layers from the 30th generation of a divergent selection experiment for humoral immune reactivity to subcutaneously administered sheep red blood cells were concurrently intratracheally challenged with human serum albumin ...
Mehri M - - 2012
An artificial neural network (ANN) approach was used to develop feed-forward multilayer perceptron models to estimate the nutritional requirements of digestible lysine (dLys), methionine (dMet), and threonine (dThr) in broiler chicks. Sixty data lines representing response of the broiler chicks during 3 to 16 d of age to dietary levels ...
Gupta Ajay - - 2012
The authors present imaging anatomy of the parapharyngeal space. Imaging approach is discussed in terms of the effect it has on differential diagnosis and diagnosis by the otolaryngologist. Neoplastic and congenital lesions are discussed along with other neck diseases occurring in this space.
Star L - - 2012
The objective of the current study was to determine the bioavailability of an organic zinc source (Availa-Zn) compared with zinc sulfate in a European-type broiler diet. A total of 480 one-day-old male Ross 308 broilers were housed in 48 digestibility cages (10 birds per cage), being randomly divided over 9 ...
Goldacre Michael J - - 2012
: To investigate the risk of intestinal cancer in a cohort of people who had undergone cholecystectomy for gallstones, and in a cohort of people who had been hospitalized for gallbladder disease but had not undergone cholecystectomy. : Some investigators have suggested that cholecystectomy increases the risk of intestinal cancer. ...
Sava Francesco - - 2012
There is new evidence for ambient air pollution (AAP) leading to an increased incidence of respiratory diseases in adults. Research has demonstrated that co-exposures have the potential to dramatically augment the effects of AAP and lower the threshold of effect of a given pollutant. Interactions between genes related to oxidative ...
Lin Jia-Ling - - 2012
: Despite evidence that psychological distress manifests itself in underreported and atypical ways, few studies have assessed these symptoms in women who have experienced intrauterine insemination (IUI). : The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of psychological distress and explore the relationships among psychological distress, various demographic ...
Cherng Juin-Hong - - 2012
ABSTRACT: There is an urgent need to develop tissue-engineered cartilage for patients experiencing joint malfunction due to insufficient self-repairing capacity of articular cartilage. The aim of this research was to explore the effect of hyperbaric oxygen and air on tissue-engineered cartilage formation from human adipose-derived stem cells seeding on the ...
Pillai Jay J - - 2012
ABSTRACT: We retrospectively compared the seizure focus-localizing capability of interictal PET/CT to that of interictal magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted imaging and ictal SPECT in 21 patient candidate for neurosurgery with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) by assessing overall lateralizing ability of these modalities and concordance of findings on these studies with results ...
Teoh Anthony Yuen Bun - - 2012
: The aim of the current study was to perform a multicentered prospective double-blinded randomized controlled trial comparing laparoendoscopic single-site access (LESS) versus conventional three-port laparoscopic appendectomy (TPLA). : The clinical benefits and disadvantages of LESS appendectomy are uncertain. : Between October 2009 and March 2011, consecutive patients admitted with ...
Forest Fabien - - 2012
SMARCB1 germline mutations mainly predispose to rhabdoid tumors. However, less aggressive tumors with a later onset have also been reported in a context of SMARCB1 constitutional mutation-that is, schwannomatosis and meningiomatosis. No other tumor type has formally been observed in such a context thus far. We report on a patient ...
Kuo Mei-Chen - - 2012
: Faster than anticipated increases in population, aging is making the issue of frailty among the elderly increasingly important. Despite general agreement that a frailty assessment is important for planning care for the older adults, a lack of consensus remains regarding the best methodology to use for frailty assessments. : ...
Chu Tian-Qing - - 2012
: Early prediction of the efficacy of a combination of an antiangiogenic drug with cytotoxic chemotherapy is a significant challenge. In that regard, circulating endothelial cells (CECs) and cytokeratins (CKs) seem to reflect their roles in both tumor angiogenesis and tumor cell death. : Patients with advanced, previously untreated non-small-cell ...
Caputo M P - - 2012
The mass depopulation of production birds remains an effective means of controlling fast-moving, highly infectious diseases such as avian influenza and virulent Newcastle disease. Two experiments were performed to compare the physiological responses of White Pekin commercial ducks during foam depopulation and CO(2) gas depopulation. Both experiment 1 (5 to ...
Li C L - - 2012
Addition of roxarsone can significantly improve the growth of broiler chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus). Nevertheless, this application will lead to the contamination of the environment as well as animal products. Understanding the response of genes to roxarsone may bring about the discovery of new, safer substitutes. In this study, we ...
Peppard William J - - 2012
This article provides a review of commonly prescribed medications in the surgical ICU, focusing on sedatives, antipsychotics, neuromuscular blocking agents, cardiovascular agents, anticoagulants, and antibiotics. A brief overview of pharmacology is followed by practical considerations to aid prescribers in selecting the best therapy within a given category of drugs to ...
Malik Vinod - - 2012
F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (F-FDG PET) imaging is increasingly the standard of care in the staging of esophageal cancer. Synchronous neoplasms may be identified, and this study evaluated the prevalence of such tumors and their impact on management. Five hundred ninety-one (73.6%) of 803 consecutive patients with biopsy-proven esophageal cancer ...
Sun H - - 2012
A study was conducted to determine the effect of feeding high concentrations of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) on egg production and the internal quality of eggs from laying hens. Four diets were formulated to contain 0, 17, 35, or 50% corn DDGS. A total of two hundred ...
Chen Yo-Shen - - 2012
ABSTRACT: To optimize the outcome of the free fibula flap in mandibular reconstruction, the central portion of the mandible can be divided into upper and lower arches during preoperative evaluation and planning. We present 2 cases requiring mandibular reconstruction with free fibula flap after ameloblastoma excision, to illustrate the "two ...
Rose Cecile S - - 2012
Military personnel can be exposed to toxicants and conditions that can contribute to lung diseases. This article describes what is known about these exposures and diseases, focusing on the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Adverse lung health outcomes have been reported in US military personnel deployed to Iraq and/or Afghanistan. Most ...
Chen Miao-Yen - - 2012
: Impaired swallowing is common in elderly patients as well as those with neurological disorders and degenerative diseases. Convenient and accurate assessments should be available to community-dwelling older adults to diagnose and provide early management and care of swallowing difficulties, an important factor of influence on elderly life quality. : ...
Harnath Thomas - - 2012
: To evaluate prognostic factors of thymic epithelial tumors (TETs) with particular reference to histology and the dose-response relationship of adjuvant radiotherapy. : Retrospective study with central pathological review on patients resected for TET between 1966 and 2004 at a single institution. Prognostic factors were identified using Cox regression analysis. ...
Bae Young Kyung - - 2012
Estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) are prognostic markers of breast cancer and predictive markers of response to endocrine therapy. To determine rates of ER and PR expression in invasive breast carcinoma among Korean women, the Breast Pathology Study Group of the Korean Society of Pathologists collected 1198 specimens ...
Harolds Jay A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Previous articles in this series have focused on tips for educators and leaders in giving a presentation, followed by articles on composing the talk and PowerPoint slides. This article focuses on how a speaker can effectively use questions to engage the audience and answer questions from the listeners, including ...
Huang Benjamin Y - - 2012
Imaging with CT, MRI, or fluorodeoxyglucose F 18-positron emission tomography is often an important complement to laryngoscopy for diagnosis and management of laryngeal pathology. At most centers, CT is the most popular modality for general laryngeal imaging given its widespread availability, ease of acquisition, and familiarity to clinicians, whereas MRI ...
Tung Kwang-Yi - - 2012
Mallet fractures are avulsions of the terminal extensor tendon from the base of the distal phalangeal bone with a bony fragment. Surgical treatment, which provides accurate anatomical reduction and rigid fixation, is recommended for mallet fractures with involvement of more than one third of the base of the distal phalangeal ...
Hsiao Ya-Chu - - 2012
: Numerous studies have indicated an association between spirituality and health outcomes. However, little information is available about interventions that have been shown to enhance spiritual health and decrease stress. : This study examined the effects of a spiritual learning program (SLP) on nursing student-perceived spiritual health and clinical practice ...
Roussan D A - - 2012
In this study, we provide a protocol for detection of Clostridium colinum and Clostridium perfringens by the single-tube duplex-PCR (dPCR) test for simultaneous and specific detection of both bacteria from pure cultures and fecal samples spiked with these pathogens. Specific primers for each pathogen were selected that amplified products of ...
Nguyen Minhchau Thi - - 2012
To review the epidemiology, presentation, diagnosis, treatment, pathogenesis, and genetics of the syndrome known under the acronym of SAPHO for Synovitis, Acne, Pustulosis, Hyperostosis, and Osteitis to heighten awareness of this entity. We conducted a Medline search using SAPHO syndrome, chronic recurrent multifocal osteitis/osteomyelitis, and related terms as keywords and ...
Wang Lei - - 2012
The aim of this study is to evaluate the agreement between myocardial F-FDG PET imaging and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) in assessing cardiac function and relationship of cMRI late gadolinium enhancement (cMRI-LGE) and myocardial perfusion/metabolism pattern in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM). Forty-two consecutive patients diagnosed with IDCM ...
Polanowski A - - 2012
Immunity transfer from a mother to the newborn does not depend exclusively on immunoglobulins. Peptides, which are characterized by immunoregulatory properties that accompany IgG(2), known as proline-rich polypeptide complex (PRP), have been discovered for the first time in ovine colostrum. In this report we present new data showing that some ...
Lee Jian-Jr - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon (KMP) is a rare and life-threatening disease of vascular tumor combined with severe consumptive coagulopathy. Currently, there is no established effective treatment of KMP. In this case series, from 2006 to 2008, we treated 6 pediatric patients with newly diagnosed KMP using intralesional corticosteroid injections. The severity ...
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