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Warshafsky Daniel - - 2012
This article presents a comprehensive analysis of the neck fascia and neck spaces that are formed by the interplay of the different fascial layers. Because a solid and thorough understanding of the anatomy and relationship of the various neck spaces is so valuable in diagnosing and treating diseases of the ...
Li Tao - - 2012
Abstract The goal of this study was to investigate whether hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) attenuated ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced kidney injury. Male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham group, I/R group, and HBOC group (injection of 0.1 gHb/kg PolyPHb). The ischemia was induced by bilateral renal pedicle cross-clamping for 45min. ...
Klaipetch Alisa - - 2012
ABSTRACT: We report the usefulness of F-FDG PET/CT for the detection and therapy evaluation of the infective vegetation. A 64-year-old man with history of aortic valve replacement presented with 2 months of fever without identifiable cause. Echocardiogram showed no inflammation vegetation or abnormality of mechanical valve function. FDG PET/CT with ...
Donnelly Tam Truong - - 2012
In Qatar, cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular diseases can be prevented and controlled by modifying lifestyle risk behaviors. In this qualitative study, we investigate ways to increase participation in physical activity, and to promote a healthy diet, and nonsmoking behavior in Qatari women. Individual ...
Wang Y - - 2012
Avian influenza virus (AIV) is a major respiratory disease of poultry that causes catastrophic losses to the poultry industry. The Mx protein has been shown to confer antiviral responses to influenza viruses in mice. One nonsynonymous substitution (S631N) in the chicken Mx protein is reported to be associated with resistance ...
Pasquali F - - 2012
As part of a more comprehensive research activity on the use of modified-atmosphere packaging for the improvement of quality and functional properties of table eggs, the effects of air, 100% CO(2), and 100% O(2) packaging were also evaluated on the survival of experimentally inoculated pathogen bacteria (Salmonella Enteritidis, Escherichia coli, ...
Martelli Gabriele - - 2012
: To assess the role of axillary dissection in older breast cancer patients with a clinically clear axilla. : Axillary dissection, once standard treatment for breast cancer, is associated with considerable morbidity. It has been substituted by sentinel node biopsy with dissection only if the sentinel node is positive. We ...
Hirayama Shunki - - 2012
: Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are recruited into cancer-induced stroma and produce a specific microenvironment for cancer progression. CD204 (+) TAMs are reportedly related to tumor progression and clinical outcome in some tumors. The aim of this study was to clarify the correlation between CD204 (+) TAMs and the clinicopathological features ...
Zhang H - - 2012
Hypoxia inhibits avian embryonic development, as well as increases embryonic mortality. However, the key organ systems affected by hypoxia, and their critical windows for development, are poorly understood. Consequently, chicken embryos were continuously exposed to 3 levels of oxygen (21, 15, or 13% O(2)) throughout d 0 to 10, d ...
Kanekar Sangam G - - 2012
The authors present imaging anatomy of the parotid space and discuss non-neoplastic lesions, autoimmune disorders, cysts, neoplastic lesions, epithelial tumors, and nonepithelial lesions. They describe the diseases and their appearance on imaging, describing how the differential diagnoses appear, along with presenting examples of the images, primarily computed tomography and magnetic ...
Kryvenko Oleksandr N - - 2012
Lymphovascular invasion is a known independent prognostic factor in prostate cancer. The objective of this study is to describe reliable morphologic features for identification of lymphovascular invasion in prostatectomy specimens and avoid misinterpretation of its mimickers. A total of 364 foci of lymphovascular invasion were analyzed in 264 slides from ...
Yang Chiu-Yueh - - 2012
: Poor sleep quality may have a significant and negative impact on physical and mental health. Poor sleep quality also increases the risk of all-cause mortality. Few studies have explored the sleep quality of community-dwelling older adults in Taiwan. : This study examined the prevalence of sleep disturbance and potential ...
Huffman K - - 2012
Genetic selection has been very successful at significantly increasing BW and breast muscle proportion in commercial broiler and turkey strains. The mechanisms of breast muscle growth in poultry and the interactive effects of nutritional status and selection are not fully understood. The hypothesis underlying the current study is that feed ...
Huang Tingting - - 2012
C-Labeled 2-β-carbomethoxy-3-β-(4-fluorophenyl)tropane (C-CFT) is a commonly used positron emission tomography (PET) tracer for dopamine transporters imaging. The present study estimated human radiation absorbed doses of C-CFT based on whole-body PET imaging in healthy subjects. Whole-body PET was performed on 6 subjects after injection of 472.06 ± 116.47 MBq of C-CFT. ...
Olin Anna-Carin - - 2012
Sensitive methods to detect airways inflammation caused by exposures associated with adverse respiratory effects are crucial, as is the identification of individuals with early-stage disease. In this review, the use of induced sputum and sampling of the fraction of nitric oxide to identify airways inflammation associated with occupational exposures is ...
Moore Laura J - - 2012
Sepsis in the surgical patient continues to be a common and potentially lethal problem. Early identification of patients and timely implementation of evidence-based therapies continue to represent significant clinical challenges for care providers. The implementation of a sepsis screening program in conjunction with protocol for the delivery of evidence-based care ...
Ho Lawrence A - - 2012
Many home-based and leisure activities can generate hazardous respirable exposures. Routine domestic activities and a variety of hobbies, avocations, and leisure pursuits have been associated with a spectrum of respiratory tract disorders. Indoor environments present a special risk for high-intensity exposures and adverse health effects. There are important knowledge gaps ...
Cheng Hsiu-Ting - - 2012
ABSTRACT: A quantum dot (QD)-conjugated collagen-hyaluronic acid (HA) porous scaffold was combined with our previously reported animal model of mice inferior epigastric flaps and QD infusion to study scaffold angiogenesis. A CdSe/ZnS QD-labeled collagen/HA scaffold was fabricated and examined with a confocal microscope. The degradation rate of the scaffold was ...
Albrecht H N - - 2012
White Leghorn chickens were selected for 36 generations for high (HAS) or low (LAS) antibody response to SRBC 5 d after an intravenous challenge. Our objective was to determine differences in egg quality resulting from that selection. In total, eggs from 45 hens from each line were assessed for shape ...
Yalçin S - - 2012
Eggs (n = 1,800) obtained from Ross broiler breeders at 32 and 48 wk of age were incubated at either a constant temperature of 37.6°C throughout (T1), or the temperature was reduced for 6 h to 36.6°C each day during embryonic age (EA) 10 to 18 (T2). Yolk sac, liver, ...
Jindal Gaurav - - 2012
A review of the current clinical applications of a variety of percutaneous and endovascular interventional procedures of the extracranial head and neck is presented. After a description of general principles and embolic agents for interventional procedures, management of specific disorders is presented and procedural steps are described for epistaxis, embolization ...
Lee D-H - - 2012
To date, all isolated highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses that cause systemic infection with a high mortality rate in poultry species have been known to belong to either the H5 or H7 subtypes. The HPAI viruses may originate because of the insertion of multiple basic amino acids at the ...
Liu J - - 2012
Cryopreservation of testicular tissue is a promising method of preserving male reproductive potential for avian species. This study was conducted to assess whether a vitrification method can be used to preserve avian testicular tissue, using the Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) as a model. A simple vitrification method that included dimethyl ...
Wulf Marie-Angela - - 2012
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation and high gene copy number (CN) predict response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy in the adenocarcinoma subtype of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The aims of this study were first to compare automated enzyme metallographic silver-enhanced in situ hybridization (SISH) with conventionally ...
Szema Anthony M - - 2012
A task force of the American Thoracic Society has defined work-exacerbated asthma (WEA) as the worsening of asthma caused by conditions at work. Occupational asthma (OA) is asthma that is initiated by occupational exposures in people without prior asthma. In contrast, WEA is asthma (already present or coincident [new onset]) ...
Cao J - - 2012
Our previous study suggested that green light promotes broiler growth during the early stage [posthatching day (P) 0 to P26], and blue light enhances growth during the later stage (P27 to P49). The purpose of this study was to improve broiler growth and productive performance by using a combination of ...
Zeng Tao - - 2012
ABSTRACT: A 35-year-old man presented with right lower extremity numbness and weakness. CT demonstrated an irregular left parietal hypoattenuation with a punctuate calcification. MRI revealed a T1 low signal and T2 high signal lesion with extensive surrounding edema. Gadolinium-enhanced MRI showed an irregular enhancing lesion. F-FDG and C-methionine PET both ...
Zhao Yu A - - 2012
The nose and upper airways form the initial area of impact for air pollutants and allergens. The development of nasal allergies in the workplace (occupational rhinitis) may herald subsequent development of occupational asthma. Exposure controls, periodic surveillance, and early intervention may circumvent work-related airways disease and prevent unnecessary worker impairment ...
Yamanaka Makako - - 2012
INTRODUCTION:: Genetic characterization of malignant mesothelioma shows a homozygous deletion of the INK4A/ARF locus, which results in inactivation of the p53 pathways. METHODS:: We examined possible antitumor effects of adenoviruses with a deletion of the E1B-55kD gene (Ad-delE1B55) on mesothelioma and investigated combinatory actions with the first-line chemotherapeutic agents. RESULTS:: ...
Stevens Sherri - - 2012
We conducted this qualitative study to elicit the experiences of midlife women who survived myocardial infarctions (MIs) and returned home to recover. We selected a phenomenological research method based on the philosophy of Merleau-Ponty. The researcher interviewed eight women ranging in age from 45 to 65. The interviews were transcribed ...
Kim E J - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine standardized AA digestibility of corn, corn gluten meal, and 3 distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) using the precision-fed cecectomized rooster assay (PFR), the standardized ileal AA broiler chicken assay (SIAAD), and a newly developed precision-fed ileal broiler chicken assay (PFC). For ...
Shin D - - 2012
The effect of conventionally applied kosher salt on the microbiological profile of posteviscerated chicken carcasses obtained from a local commercial processing facility was evaluated. The broiler carcasses were divided into treatments 1 through 8. Standard sampling methods were used to evaluate Salmonella prevalence, aerobic plate counts, coliforms, generic Escherichia coli, ...
Chien Sou-Hsin - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Simultaneous multiple free flaps have become a useful option in head and neck reconstructions. We performed a 10-year retrospective study between 2001 and 2010. There were 58 men and 1 woman. The overall mortality rate was 51.7%. The longest surviving patient is 9 years and 4 months, whereas the ...
Dormitzer Philip R - - 2012
Following the impact of the genomics revolution on vaccine research and the development of reverse vaccinology, it was predicted that another new approach, structure-based antigen design, would become a driving force for vaccine innovation. Now, 5 years on, there are several examples of how structure-based design, or structural vaccinology, can ...
Faridi A - - 2012
As a new modeling method, support vector regression (SVR) has been regarded as the state-of-the-art technique for regression and approximation. In this study, the SVR models had been introduced and developed to predict body and carcass-related characteristics of 2 strains of broiler chicken. To evaluate the prediction ability of SVR ...
Meltzer Daniel E - - 2012
Masticator space anatomy and pathologic conditions are illustrated examples from computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Characteristic imaging features of various disease processes are presented to aid the otolaryngologist (head and neck surgeon) in diagnosis. The article describes infection, primary neoplasm, metastatic disease, Osteonecrosis, and vascular anomalies.
Smith James D - - 2012
: Nonoperative management (NOM) of rectal cancer after a complete clinical response (cCR) to neoadjuvant therapy is controversial. In this article, we retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of patients managed with selective NOM after a cCR to neoadjuvant treatment and compared these with patients who underwent standard rectal resection with a ...
Osarogiagbon Raymond U - - 2012
: Pathologic nodal stage is the key prognostic factor in resectable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Mediastinal lymph node (MLN) metastasis connotes a poor prognosis. Yet, some NSCLC resections exclude MLN examination. : We analyzed U.S. Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program data from 1998 to 2002 to quantify the long-term ...
Li L - - 2012
Here, we investigated adhesion and invasion of Riemerella anatipestifer (RA) to primary duck embryo ļ¬broblast (DEF) cells. The ability of RA to adhere to, and more importantly, to invade DEF cells was demonstrated by using a gentamicin invasion assay and was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Adhesion of RA ...
Kuwada Clinton - - 2012
The most common of the lesions in the carotid space are discussed in relation to their radiographic diagnosis and clinical implications. The appearance of tumors and lesions on computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging is presented, and their differential diagnosis is discussed. The image of each carotid disease is presented, ...
Gelecek Nihal - - 2012
Our aim was to determine the effects of resistance training on cardiovascular risk factors in postmenopausal women. Forty-five women were included in the study. Resistance exercises were done with an intensity of 60% of 1-Repetition Maximum, for 12 weeks. Heart rate, blood pressure, estimated peak VO(2), lipid profiles, and homocysteine ...
Kuttappan V A - - 2012
White striping could be a potential reason for the rejection of raw breast fillets in the market. The condition is characterized grossly by the white striations occurring on the fillets showing myopathic changes on microscopic examination. Early research has shown similar lesions in the case of nutritional muscular dystrophy, which ...
Omana D A - - 2012
Evaluation of poultry protein isolate (PPI) as a food ingredient was carried out by substituting nonmeat ingredients such as soy protein isolate (SPI) or meat protein in turkey bologna. Two concentrations (1.5 and 2% dry weight basis) of PPI prepared from mechanically separated turkey meat were used in this study. ...
Soslow Robert A - - 2012
It is unknown whether the type and grade of a primary endometrial carcinoma is reliably maintained in recurrence. All matched primary and recurrent endometrial carcinomas diagnosed from 2000 to 2010 at our institution were identified; 34 cases had available slides. Histologic classification was performed using modifications to the World Health ...
Fishwick David - - 2012
Asthma and extrinsic allergic alveolitis (EAA) remain prevalent respiratory diseases and the cause of a significant disease burden. This article reviews the recent occupational and environmental causes described for these conditions. Even over the limited time spam addressed by this article, novel agents and new data relating to already suggested ...
Cohen Howard J - - 2012
Respiratory protection is used as a method of protecting individuals from inhaling harmful airborne contaminants and in some cases to supply them with breathable air in oxygen-deficient environments. This article focuses on the use and types of personal respiratory protection (respirators) worn by individuals at workplaces where airborne hazardous contaminants ...
Faber T A - - 2012
Fermentable oligosaccharides, particularly those found in soybean meal (SBM), may modulate fermentation in the ceca, thus affecting intestinal immune responses to intestinal pathogens. We hypothesized that fermentable oligosaccharides found in SBM would positively affect cecal fermentation and intestinal immune status in chicks challenged with an acute coccidiosis (Eimeria acervulina) infection ...
Nakayama Michihiro - - 2012
ABSTRACT: An F-FDG-PET with CT scan was performed to stage a tongue cancer, revealing the hypermetabolic region in the thoracic vertebra. This corresponded to a benign lesion seen on MRIs and CT.Although these findings suggested a vertebral hemangioma, "hot" vertebra in FDG-PET was atypical. The final diagnosis was confirmed capillary ...
To Kathleen B - - 2012
Critically ill patients in intensive care units are subject to many complications associated with therapy. Many of these complications are health care-associated infections and are related to indwelling devices, including ventilator-associated pneumonia, central line-associated bloodstream infection, catheter-associated urinary tract infection; surgical site infection, venous thromboembolism, deep venous thrombosis, and pulmonary ...
Schilling M W - - 2012
Research was conducted to determine the effect of stunning method (low atmosphere pressure, LAPS, and electrical stunning, ES) and deboning time (0.75 and 4 h) on breast meat quality (n = 576, 144 birds per treatment) in a commercial processing plant. Breast meat quality was evaluated through determining pH, Commission ...
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