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Faridi A - - 2012
As a new modeling method, support vector regression (SVR) has been regarded as the state-of-the-art technique for regression and approximation. In this study, the SVR models had been introduced and developed to predict body and carcass-related characteristics of 2 strains of broiler chicken. To evaluate the prediction ability of SVR ...
Meltzer Daniel E - - 2012
Masticator space anatomy and pathologic conditions are illustrated examples from computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Characteristic imaging features of various disease processes are presented to aid the otolaryngologist (head and neck surgeon) in diagnosis. The article describes infection, primary neoplasm, metastatic disease, Osteonecrosis, and vascular anomalies.
Huang Tingting - - 2012
C-Labeled 2-β-carbomethoxy-3-β-(4-fluorophenyl)tropane (C-CFT) is a commonly used positron emission tomography (PET) tracer for dopamine transporters imaging. The present study estimated human radiation absorbed doses of C-CFT based on whole-body PET imaging in healthy subjects. Whole-body PET was performed on 6 subjects after injection of 472.06 ± 116.47 MBq of C-CFT. ...
Debnam J Matthew JM Section of Neuroradiology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, The University of Texas, Houston, TX 77005, USA. - - 2012
Cross-sectional imaging plays an important role in the evaluation of the retropharyngeal space (RPS) and the prevertebral space (PVS). Because of their deep location within the neck, lesions arising within these spaces are difficult, if not impossible, to evaluate on clinical examination. This article details the cross-sectional anatomy and imaging ...
Chen Yo-Shen - - 2012
ABSTRACT: To optimize the outcome of the free fibula flap in mandibular reconstruction, the central portion of the mandible can be divided into upper and lower arches during preoperative evaluation and planning. We present 2 cases requiring mandibular reconstruction with free fibula flap after ameloblastoma excision, to illustrate the "two ...
Rose Cecile S - - 2012
Military personnel can be exposed to toxicants and conditions that can contribute to lung diseases. This article describes what is known about these exposures and diseases, focusing on the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Adverse lung health outcomes have been reported in US military personnel deployed to Iraq and/or Afghanistan. Most ...
Chen Miao-Yen - - 2012
: Impaired swallowing is common in elderly patients as well as those with neurological disorders and degenerative diseases. Convenient and accurate assessments should be available to community-dwelling older adults to diagnose and provide early management and care of swallowing difficulties, an important factor of influence on elderly life quality. : ...
Alberts Mark J MJ Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, - - 2012
The world faces an epidemic of atrial fibrillation and atrial fibrillation-related stroke. An individual's risk of atrial fibrillation-related stroke can be estimated with the CHADS(2) or CHA(2)DS(2)VASc scores, and reduced by two-thirds with effective anticoagulation. Vitamin K antagonists, such as warfarin, are underused and often poorly managed. The direct thrombin ...
Omana D A - - 2012
Evaluation of poultry protein isolate (PPI) as a food ingredient was carried out by substituting nonmeat ingredients such as soy protein isolate (SPI) or meat protein in turkey bologna. Two concentrations (1.5 and 2% dry weight basis) of PPI prepared from mechanically separated turkey meat were used in this study. ...
Olin Anna-Carin - - 2012
Sensitive methods to detect airways inflammation caused by exposures associated with adverse respiratory effects are crucial, as is the identification of individuals with early-stage disease. In this review, the use of induced sputum and sampling of the fraction of nitric oxide to identify airways inflammation associated with occupational exposures is ...
Moore Laura J - - 2012
Sepsis in the surgical patient continues to be a common and potentially lethal problem. Early identification of patients and timely implementation of evidence-based therapies continue to represent significant clinical challenges for care providers. The implementation of a sepsis screening program in conjunction with protocol for the delivery of evidence-based care ...
Lee Yao-Chou - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Trismus is a common problem among oral cancer patients. This report aimed to study the inciting factors of trismus and to find out the rationale of trismus release. Between 1996 and 2008, 61 oral cancer patients with retrievable records of interincisor distance (IID) were analyzed by retrospective chart review. ...
Chang Kao-Ping - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRs) are involved in gene expression and function, but little is known of their function in ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), which plays a critical role in flap compromise during microvascular flap surgeries. This article aimed to determine the expression profiles of miRs in rat flap surgeries after IRI. Vessel specimens ...
Sood Akshay A Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Health Sciences Center, University of New Mexico, 1 University of New Mexico, MSC 10 5550, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA. - - 2012
Almost 3 billion people worldwide burn solid fuels indoors. Despite the large population at risk worldwide, the effect of exposure to indoor solid fuel smoke has not been adequately studied. Indoor air pollution from solid fuel use is strongly associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, acute respiratory tract infections, and ...
Chen Kuei-Min - - 2012
: Having a better comprehension of older adults' physical health can help healthcare professionals better design program activities to maintain and promote the health of this population. : This study investigated the physical health of community-dwelling older adults and compared physical health differences among different age subgroups, gender, and exercise ...
Zupa Angela - - 2012
: An understanding of the activated protein signaling architecture in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is of critical importance to the development of new therapeutic approaches and identification of predictive and prognostic biomarkers for patient stratification. : We used reverse-phase protein microarrays to map the activated protein signaling networks of 47 ...
Kapell D N R G - - 2012
Leg health is an important component of broiler welfare and the economics of broiler production. This study presents the development of leg health in 3 purebred commercial broiler lines during 25 yr of selection and investigates the genetic background of leg health traits in current populations of these lines. The ...
Huang Sheng-Ping - - 2012
The promotion of wound healing using dermal substitutes has become increasingly widespread, but the outcomes of substitute-assisted healing remain functionally deficient. Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) have been investigated widely in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering, and they have the potential to enhance wound healing. In this study, we focused on ...
Ospina-Rojas I C - - 2012
This work studied the effect of supplementing commercially available amino acids in low-protein diets using different ratios of digestible (dig) glycine+serine:lysine (Gly+Ser:Lys) on performance, serum parameters, feathering, and litter characteristics of broiler chickens during the starter period. A total of one thousand fifty 1-d-old Cobb-Vantress male chicks were distributed in ...
Wei Li L Medicines Monitoring Unit, School of Medicine, Division of Medical Sciences, Centre for Academic Clinical Practice, Division of Clinical and Population Sciences and Education, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital & Medical School, Dundee, - - 2012
This study was carried out to determine whether pregnancy rate is reduced after appendicitis or appendicectomy. The association between appendicectomy, appendicitis, and subsequent fertility is controversial. A cohort study was carried out in the Medicines Monitoring database. The cohort of women who underwent appendicectomy and appropriate comparators were followed up ...
Laney A Scott - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to provide an update on selected issues of current interest and recent developments related to 3 types of inorganic mineral dust exposures causing classic forms of pneumoconiosis: coal mine dust, crystalline silica, and asbestos. Common themes include new imaging modalities, emerging exposures, and evolving ...
Liu Li-Fang - - 2012
: Nurses affect patient safety. Although studies have associated patient safety with nurse staffing levels, Taiwan's Department of Health does not yet support changing nurse workforce standards for medical institutions. : This study was designed to gain insight into the workload of nurses employed at medical institutions and to determine ...
Mohiti-Asli M - - 2012
A 12-wk experiment was conducted to study the effects of feeding regimen, inclusion of a fiber source, and CP content of the diet on performance of broiler breeder hens. In total, 360 hens and 60 males, 43 wk of age, were assigned to 60 floor pens (6 hens and 1 ...
Agarwal Amit K - - 2012
The mylohyoid muscle divides the lower part of the oral cavity into 2 spaces: the sublingual space, which is located superior to the muscle, and the submandibular space, inferior to the muscle but superior to the hyoid bone. Although the submandibular and sublingual spaces are small, a wide range of ...
Bagshaw Philip F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: We report a multicentered randomized controlled trial across Australia and New Zealand comparing laparoscopic-assisted colon resection (LCR) with open colon resection (OCR) for colon cancer. BACKGROUND:: Colon cancer is a significant worldwide health issue. This trial investigated whether the short-term benefits associated with LCR for colon cancer could be ...
Tung Kwang-Yi - - 2012
Mallet fractures are avulsions of the terminal extensor tendon from the base of the distal phalangeal bone with a bony fragment. Surgical treatment, which provides accurate anatomical reduction and rigid fixation, is recommended for mallet fractures with involvement of more than one third of the base of the distal phalangeal ...
Hsiao Ya-Chu - - 2012
: Numerous studies have indicated an association between spirituality and health outcomes. However, little information is available about interventions that have been shown to enhance spiritual health and decrease stress. : This study examined the effects of a spiritual learning program (SLP) on nursing student-perceived spiritual health and clinical practice ...
Roussan D A - - 2012
In this study, we provide a protocol for detection of Clostridium colinum and Clostridium perfringens by the single-tube duplex-PCR (dPCR) test for simultaneous and specific detection of both bacteria from pure cultures and fecal samples spiked with these pathogens. Specific primers for each pathogen were selected that amplified products of ...
Nguyen Minhchau Thi - - 2012
To review the epidemiology, presentation, diagnosis, treatment, pathogenesis, and genetics of the syndrome known under the acronym of SAPHO for Synovitis, Acne, Pustulosis, Hyperostosis, and Osteitis to heighten awareness of this entity. We conducted a Medline search using SAPHO syndrome, chronic recurrent multifocal osteitis/osteomyelitis, and related terms as keywords and ...
Ho Lawrence A - - 2012
Many home-based and leisure activities can generate hazardous respirable exposures. Routine domestic activities and a variety of hobbies, avocations, and leisure pursuits have been associated with a spectrum of respiratory tract disorders. Indoor environments present a special risk for high-intensity exposures and adverse health effects. There are important knowledge gaps ...
Smith James D - - 2012
: Nonoperative management (NOM) of rectal cancer after a complete clinical response (cCR) to neoadjuvant therapy is controversial. In this article, we retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of patients managed with selective NOM after a cCR to neoadjuvant treatment and compared these with patients who underwent standard rectal resection with a ...
Osarogiagbon Raymond U - - 2012
: Pathologic nodal stage is the key prognostic factor in resectable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Mediastinal lymph node (MLN) metastasis connotes a poor prognosis. Yet, some NSCLC resections exclude MLN examination. : We analyzed U.S. Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program data from 1998 to 2002 to quantify the long-term ...
Li L - - 2012
Here, we investigated adhesion and invasion of Riemerella anatipestifer (RA) to primary duck embryo ļ¬broblast (DEF) cells. The ability of RA to adhere to, and more importantly, to invade DEF cells was demonstrated by using a gentamicin invasion assay and was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Adhesion of RA ...
Geurts Jeroen J G JJ Department of Anatomy and Neurosciences, Section of Clinical Neuroscience, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands. - - 2012
During the past 10 years, the intense involvement of the grey matter of the CNS in the pathology of multiple sclerosis has become evident. On gross inspection, demyelination in the grey matter is rather inconspicuous, and lesions in the grey matter are mostly undetectable with traditional MRI sequences. However, the ...
Kuwada Clinton - - 2012
The most common of the lesions in the carotid space are discussed in relation to their radiographic diagnosis and clinical implications. The appearance of tumors and lesions on computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging is presented, and their differential diagnosis is discussed. The image of each carotid disease is presented, ...
Star L - - 2012
The objective of the current study was to determine the bioavailability of an organic zinc source (Availa-Zn) compared with zinc sulfate in a European-type broiler diet. A total of 480 one-day-old male Ross 308 broilers were housed in 48 digestibility cages (10 birds per cage), being randomly divided over 9 ...
Nakayama Michihiro - - 2012
ABSTRACT: An F-FDG-PET with CT scan was performed to stage a tongue cancer, revealing the hypermetabolic region in the thoracic vertebra. This corresponded to a benign lesion seen on MRIs and CT.Although these findings suggested a vertebral hemangioma, "hot" vertebra in FDG-PET was atypical. The final diagnosis was confirmed capillary ...
Olson-Manning Carrie F - - 2012
Adaptive evolution is shaped by the interaction of population genetics, natural selection and underlying network and biochemical constraints. Variation created by mutation, the raw material for evolutionary change, is translated into phenotypes by flux through metabolic pathways and by the topography and dynamics of molecular networks. Finally, the retention of ...
To Kathleen B - - 2012
Critically ill patients in intensive care units are subject to many complications associated with therapy. Many of these complications are health care-associated infections and are related to indwelling devices, including ventilator-associated pneumonia, central line-associated bloodstream infection, catheter-associated urinary tract infection; surgical site infection, venous thromboembolism, deep venous thrombosis, and pulmonary ...
Gonzalez Carlos C Department of Clinical Psychology, Hospital Divino Espírito Santo, Ponta Delgada, - - 2012
The present study on long-term outcome of presymptomatic testing for Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) aimed to evaluate the psychological well-being and the familial satisfaction of subjects that 5 years prior received an unfavorable result in the predictive testing (PT). The study included 47 testees of Azorean origin (23 from the island ...
Weickhardt Andrew J AJ Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, University of Colorado Cancer Center, Colorado 80045, USA. - - 2012
Many patients with oncogene-driven non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors experience limited sites of disease progression. This study investigated retrospectively the benefits of local ablative therapy (LAT) to central nervous system (CNS) and/or limited systemic disease progression and continuation of crizotinib or erlotinib in patients with metastatic ...
Lee D-H - - 2012
To date, all isolated highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses that cause systemic infection with a high mortality rate in poultry species have been known to belong to either the H5 or H7 subtypes. The HPAI viruses may originate because of the insertion of multiple basic amino acids at the ...
Liu J - - 2012
Cryopreservation of testicular tissue is a promising method of preserving male reproductive potential for avian species. This study was conducted to assess whether a vitrification method can be used to preserve avian testicular tissue, using the Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) as a model. A simple vitrification method that included dimethyl ...
Schon Eric A EA Department of Neurology, Columbia University Medical Center, 630 West 168th Street, New York, New York 10032, USA. - - 2012
Mutations in the human mitochondrial genome are known to cause an array of diverse disorders, most of which are maternally inherited, and all of which are associated with defects in oxidative energy metabolism. It is now emerging that somatic mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are also linked to other complex ...
Di Maio Massimo - - 2012
The TORCH (Tarceva or Chemotherapy) trial randomized patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer to first-line erlotinib followed by second-line cisplatin/gemcitabine versus. standard inverse sequence. The trial, designed to test noninferiority in overall survival, was stopped at interim analysis because of inferior survival in the experimental arm. Quality of life (QoL), ...
Wulf Marie-Angela - - 2012
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation and high gene copy number (CN) predict response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy in the adenocarcinoma subtype of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The aims of this study were first to compare automated enzyme metallographic silver-enhanced in situ hybridization (SISH) with conventionally ...
Szema Anthony M - - 2012
A task force of the American Thoracic Society has defined work-exacerbated asthma (WEA) as the worsening of asthma caused by conditions at work. Occupational asthma (OA) is asthma that is initiated by occupational exposures in people without prior asthma. In contrast, WEA is asthma (already present or coincident [new onset]) ...
Cao J - - 2012
Our previous study suggested that green light promotes broiler growth during the early stage [posthatching day (P) 0 to P26], and blue light enhances growth during the later stage (P27 to P49). The purpose of this study was to improve broiler growth and productive performance by using a combination of ...
Li Tao - - 2012
Abstract The goal of this study was to investigate whether hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC) attenuated ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced kidney injury. Male SD rats were randomly divided into a sham group, I/R group, and HBOC group (injection of 0.1 gHb/kg PolyPHb). The ischemia was induced by bilateral renal pedicle cross-clamping for 45min. ...
Klaipetch Alisa - - 2012
ABSTRACT: We report the usefulness of F-FDG PET/CT for the detection and therapy evaluation of the infective vegetation. A 64-year-old man with history of aortic valve replacement presented with 2 months of fever without identifiable cause. Echocardiogram showed no inflammation vegetation or abnormality of mechanical valve function. FDG PET/CT with ...
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