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Results 651 - 700 of 2119
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Tohme Rania A - - 2012
Objectives. We estimated rates and determinants of hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing, infection, and linkage to care among US racial/ethnic minorities. Methods. We analyzed the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health Across the US Risk Factor Survey conducted in 2009-2010 (n = 53 896 minority adults). Results. Overall, 19% of respondents were ...
Abarin Taraneh - - 2012
Introduction For years, body mass index (BMI) has been used by scientists to track weight problems and obesity in children and adults. Recent studies have implicated the fat mass and obesity gene (FTO) in the increase of BMI in young adults. A longer duration of breastfeeding is known to reduce ...
Donaldson Malcolm - - 2012
Congenital hypothyroidism, usually of the primary and permanent variety, is an eminently preventable cause of growth retardation and mental handicap whose outlook has been transformed by newborn screening, usually involving the measurement of capillary TSH. Severe primary congenital hypothyroidism, due for example to athyreosis, may result in subtle cognitive, behavioural ...
Bonacina Luigi - - 2012
Harmonic nanoparticles were firstly introduced in 2006 as bio-markers for nonlinear imaging. This review provides a general explanation of the physical mechanism at the basis of this novel approach, highlighting its benefits and the complementarity to fluorescent/luminescent labels. A series of application examples from the very recent literature are reported, ...
Scranton Richard E - - 2012
Introduction.  Optimal pharmacologic management of diseases comorbid with erectile dysfunction (ED), such as cardiovascular disease, depression, diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and benign prostatic hyperplasia/lower urinary tract symptoms (BPH/LUTS), is dependent upon long-term treatment compliance and may be complicated by poor adherence to medication use. ED may contribute to poor adherence to ...
Herrero Raquel - - 2012
PURPOSE: To quantify changes in the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) over 3 years and to evaluate whether treatment protects against RNFL degeneration. Methods: Ninety-four MS patients and 50 healthy subjects were followed-up over 3 years. All subjects underwent a complete ophthalmic examination, which ...
Nguyen Nhung - - 2012
Gastric acid secretion by the H(+)/K(+) ATPase at the apical surface of activated parietal cells requires luminal K(+) provided by the KCNQ1/KCNE2 K(+) channel. However, little is known about the trafficking and relative spatial distribution of KCNQ1 and H(+)/K(+) ATPase in resting and activated parietal cells and the capacity of ...
Mahle Gray Kristen - - 2012
Objectives. To report on indicators of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy, we analyzed data collected through the national HIV surveillance system. Methods. We analyzed data from adults and adolescents aged 13 years or older diagnosed with HIV in 13 US jurisdictions that have laboratory reporting of CD4+ T-lymphocyte (CD4) and viral ...
Capurso Daniel - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Applying supervised learning/classification techniques to epigenomic data may reveal properties that differentiate histone modifications. Previous analyses sought to classify nucleosomes containing histone H2A/H4 arginine 3 symmetric dimethylation (H2A/H4R3me2s) or H2A.Z using human CD4+ T-cell chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-Seq) data. However, these efforts only achieved modest accuracy with limited ...
Bonnet Xavier - - 2012
The lack of shelter can perturb behaviors, increase stress level, and thus alter physiological performances (e.g. digestive, immune, or reproductive functions). Although intuitive, such potential impacts of lack of shelter remain poorly documented. We manipulated shelter availability, environmental and physiological variables (i.e. access to a heat source, predator attack, feeding ...
Filella Xavier - - 2012
Abstract The usefulness of %[-2] proPSA and Prostate Health Index (phi) in the detection of prostate cancer are currently unknown. It has been suggested that these tests can distinguish prostate cancer from benign prostatic diseases better than PSA or %fPSA. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available ...
Elder Todd E - - 2012
Several recent studies suggest that individual subjective survival forecasts are powerful predictors of both mortality and behavior. Using 15 years of longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study, I present an alternative view. Across a wide range of ages, predictions of in-sample mortality rates based on subjective forecasts are substantially ...
Saab Antoine M - - 2012
Juniperus excelsa fruit essential oil as well as J. oxycedrus, Cedrus libani, and Pinus pinea wood essential oils have been obtained with yields between 2.2 ± 0.3 % to 3.4 ± 0.5 % and analyzed by gas chromatography. Sesquiterpenes mainly characterized C. libani and J. oxycedrus essential oils, while in P. pinea and J. excelsa, monoterpenes ...
Nybom Inna - - 2012
Activated carbon (AC) amendment is a recently developed sediment remediation method. The strong hydrophobic organic contaminant sorption efficiency of AC has been shown in several studies, but effects on benthic organisms require more investigation. The AC induced effects on egestion rate, growth and reproduction of Lumbriculus variegatus were studied by ...
Unverfehrt Leonid - - 2012
The new compound LaSr(3)F(5)(CN(2))(2) was prepared and structurally characterized as a prototype structure for the remarkably distorted mixed-valent compound Eu(4)F(5)(CN(2))(2), which contains four distinct europium ions in the structure: one Eu(3+) and three Eu(2+). Instead of repeating the given distorted structural pattern, LaSr(3)F(5)(CN(2))(2) forms a structure which can be considered ...
Martínez-Lillo José - - 2012
Three novel heterobimetallic Re(iv) compounds of formulae [ReBr(4)(μ-ox)M(4,7-Cl(2)phen)(2)]·CH(3)CN·CH(3)NO(2) [M = Co(ii) () and Ni(ii) ()] and [ReBr(4)(ox)](3)[Co(III)(5,6-dmphen)(3)](2)·CH(3)CN·2CH(3)NO(2)·4H(2)O () [ox = oxalate, 4,7-Cl(2)phen = 4,7-dichloro-1,10-phenanthroline and 5,6-dmphen = 5,6-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline] have been synthesised and the structures of and determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Compound is an oxalato-bridged Re(IV)Co(II) heterodinuclear complex where ...
Liu Yaowen - - 2012
Spatial arrangement of multiple cell types plays a critical role in maintaining the viability of cells and functionality of tissues. Micropatterning has been used to fabricate scaffolds to modulate cell distribution, growth and functions for reconstructing the anisotropy in native tissues. In current study a glass substrate patterned with an ...
Cheng Chong - - 2012
Graphene oxide (GO), reduced graphene oxide (rGO), and their derivatives are investigated for various biomedical applications explosively. However, the defective biocompatibility was also recognized, which restricted their potential applications as biomaterials. In this study, a facile biomimetic approach for preparation of biopolymer adhered GO (rGO) with controllable 2D morphology and ...
Li Yan-Yan - - 2012
A novel series of homometallic and heterometallic lanthanide (Eu(3+)(Tb(3+))-Gd(3+)) hybrid silica microspheres (EDTA-(Eu(Tb)-Gd)-TTA-SiO(2)) are synthesized with 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTA) functionalized silane and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) by sol-gel process, whose physical characterization are carried out and especially the luminescence and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent properties are discussed. These hybrids ...
Marzluff William F - - 2012
The 3' ends of two large noncoding RNAs, MALAT1 (metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1) and MEN β, are formed by cleavage by RNase P and are capped but not polyadenylated. In the November 1, 2012, issue of Genes & Development, Wilusz and colleagues (pp. 2392-2407) show that when these 3' ...
Ingham Philip W - - 2012
Inspired by a zebrafish mutation, two recent studies by Creanga and colleagues (pp. 1312-1325) and Tukachinsky and colleagues have shed new light on the way in which lipidated Hedgehog proteins are secreted and released from expressing cells, suggesting a model for the sequential action of the Disp and Scube2 proteins ...
Jover Emmanuel - - 2012
Headache, muscle aches and chest pain of mild to medium intensity are among the most common clinical symptoms in moderate Staphylococcus aureus infections, with severe infections usually associated with worsening pain symptoms. These nociceptive responses of the body raise the question of how bacterial infection impinges on the nervous system. ...
Fong A W Y - - 2013
We conducted a crossover randomised study to evaluate the performance of a novel optical stylet, the InnoScope, for tracheal intubation in simulated normal and difficult airways. Twenty-five anaesthetists attempted tracheal intubation on a SimMan 3G simulator using the InnoScope first followed by the Macintosh laryngoscope or vice versa. Three airway ...
Leitritz Martin A - - 2013
To investigate the long term effectiveness of grid laser photocoagulation (GLP) versus intravitreal bevacizumab (BEV) in macular oedema (MO) secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO), and to evaluate the treatment courses after treatments were switched. In this prospective interventional consecutive case series, previously untreated eyes with perfused MO were ...
Reed Erica E - - 2012
In an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance and few antimicrobials in the developmental pipeline, many institutions have developed antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) to help implement evidence-based (EB) strategies for ensuring appropriate utilization of these agents. EB strategies for accomplishing this include formulary restriction with prior authorization. Potential limitations to this ...
Lee Sung-Eun - - 2013
Iron overload due to regular transfusions of packed red cells can cause multiple organ damage. Iron chelation therapy (ICT) is important in patients with aplastic anemia (AA) who require blood transfusions as supportive management. With the introduction of the oral iron chelator deferasirox, ICT has become more widely available and ...
Meyer Laurence R - - 2013
The University of California Santa Cruz (UCSC) Genome Browser (http://genome.ucsc.edu) offers online public access to a growing database of genomic sequence and annotations for a wide variety of organisms. The Browser is an integrated tool set for visualizing, comparing, analysing and sharing both publicly available and user-generated genomic datasets. As ...
Andreini Claudia - - 2013
We present here MetalPDB (freely accessible at http://metalweb.cerm.unifi.it), a novel resource aimed at conveying the information available on the three-dimensional (3D) structures of metal-binding biological macromolecules in a consistent and effective manner. This is achieved through the systematic and automated representation of metal-binding sites in proteins and nucleic acids by ...
de la Cova Claire - - 2012
The conserved E3 ubiquitin ligase component named SEL-10 in Caenorhabditis elegans and Fbw7 in mammals targets substrates for ubiquitin-mediated degradation through a high-affinity binding site called a Cdc4 phosphodegron (CPD). As many known substrates of Fbw7 are oncoproteins, the identification of new substrates may offer insight into cancer biology as ...
Luo Weifei - - 2012
A conserved transcriptional feedback loop underlies animal circadian rhythms. In Drosophila, the transcription factors CLOCK (CLK) and CYCLE (CYC) activate the transcription of direct target genes like period (per) and timeless (tim). They encode the proteins PER and TIM, respectively, which repress CLK/CYC activity. Previous work indicates that repression is ...
Gardner Eugene J - - 2012
To compare nuclear and cytoplasmic RNA from a single cell type, free of cross-contamination, we studied the oocyte of the frog Xenopus tropicalis, a giant cell with an equally giant nucleus. We isolated RNA from manually dissected nuclei and cytoplasm of mature oocytes and subjected it to deep sequencing. Cytoplasmic ...
Liu Yan - - 2012
Previous studies have shown that by minimizing the total variation (TV) of the to-be-estimated image with some data and other constraints, piecewise-smooth x-ray computed tomography (CT) can be reconstructed from sparse-view projection data without introducing notable artifacts. However, due to the piecewise constant assumption for the image, a conventional TV ...
Tsuneyoshi Norihiro - - 2012
Activin/Nodal signaling via SMAD2/3 maintains human embryonic stem cell (hESC) pluripotency by direct transcriptional regulation of NANOG or, alternatively, induces mesoderm and definitive endoderm (DE) formation. In search of an explanation for these contrasting effects, we focused on SNON (SKIL), a potent SMAD2/3 corepressor that is expressed in hESCs but ...
Okamura Daiji - - 2012
Transcription elongation is stimulated by positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb), for which activity is repressed in the 7SK small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (7SK snRNP) complex. We show here a critical role of 7SK snRNP in growth control of primordial germ cells (PGCs). The expression of p15(INK4b), a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor ...
Milanowska Kaja - - 2013
Many RNA molecules undergo complex maturation, involving e.g. excision from primary transcripts, removal of introns, post-transcriptional modification and polyadenylation. The level of mature, functional RNAs in the cell is controlled not only by the synthesis and maturation but also by degradation, which proceeds via many different routes. The systematization of ...
Julian Laura - - 2013
In the largest sample studied to date, we measured cognitive functioning in children and adolescents with pediatric multiple sclerosis (n = 187) as well as those with clinically isolated syndrome (n = 44). Participants were consecutively enrolled from six United States Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Centers of Excellence. Participants had a ...
Leung Molly M - - 2013
The Rhodobacter capsulatus response regulator CtrA controls the expression of 227 genes, some of which are upregulated by both the phosphorylated and unphosphorylated forms of CtrA. Therefore, CtrA concentration alone, regardless of phosphorylation state, may determine expression of downstream genes, yet little is known about the regulation of ctrA in ...
Schneider John A - - 2013
We evaluated network mixing and influences by network members upon Black men who have sex with men. We conducted separate social and sexual network mixing analyses to determine the degree of mixing on risk behaviors (e.g., unprotected anal intercourse [UAI]). We used logistic regression to assess the association between a ...
Havens Jennifer R - - 2013
We determined the factors associated with hepatitis C (HCV) infection among rural Appalachian drug users. This study included 394 injection drug users (IDUs) participating in a study of social networks and infectious disease risk in Appalachian Kentucky. Trained staff conducted HCV, HIV, and herpes simplex-2 virus (HSV-2) testing, and an ...
Hennessy Michael - - 2013
We estimated the long-term (36-month) effects of Project iMPPACS, a multisite randomized controlled trial of mass media and small-group intervention for African American adolescents. We collected 6 waves of longitudinal data on program participants aged 14 to 17 years (n = 1139) in Providence, Rhode Island; Syracuse, New York; Columbia, ...
Blair Janis E - - 2013
The diagnosis of coccidioidomycosis relies heavily on serologic test results in addition to clinical history, physical examination, and radiographic findings. Use of the enzyme immunoassay (EIA) has increased because it is rapidly performed and does not require referral to a reference laboratory, as do complement fixation and immunodiffusion tests. However, ...
Driessen Rosalie P C - - 2013
Archaeal chromatin proteins share molecular and functional similarities with both bacterial and eukaryotic chromatin proteins. These proteins play an important role in functionally organizing the genomic DNA into a compact nucleoid. Cren7 and Sul7 are two crenarchaeal nucleoid-associated proteins, which are structurally homologous, but not conserved at the sequence level. ...
Schepers Wim - - 2012
The readdition of an essential nutrient to starved, fermenting cells of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae triggers rapid activation of the protein kinase A (PKA) pathway. Trehalase is activated 5-10-fold within minutes and has been used as a convenient reporter for rapid activation of PKA in vivo. Although trehalase can be ...
Wang Pingrong - - 2013
Divinyl reductase (DVR) converts 8-vinyl groups on various chlorophyll intermediates to ethyl groups, which is indispensable for chlorophyll biosynthesis. To date, five DVR activities have been detected, but adequate evidence of enzymatic assays using purified or recombinant DVR proteins has not been demonstrated, and it is unclear whether one or ...
van Lis Robert - - 2013
Eukaryotic algae have long been known to live in anoxic environments, but interest in their anaerobic energy metabolism has only recently gained momentum, largely due to their utility in biofuel production. Chlamydomonas reinhardtii figures remarkably in this respect, because it efficiently produces hydrogen and its genome harbors many genes for ...
Edwards Malia M - - 2013
The mechanisms controlling vascular development, both normal and pathological, are not yet fully understood. Many diseases, including cancer and diabetic retinopathy, involve abnormal blood vessel formation. Therefore, increasing knowledge of these mechanisms may help develop novel therapeutic targets. The identification of novel proteins or cells involved in this process would ...
Fernandez-Jimenez Nora - - 2012
Epigenetic mechanisms, including DNA methylation, are important determinants in development and disease. There is a need for technologies capable of detecting small variations in methylation levels in an accurate and reproducible manner, even if only limited amounts of DNA are available (which is the case in many studies in humans). ...
Kennedy Andrew B - - 2013
Synthetic RNA control devices that use ribozymes as gene-regulatory components have been applied to controlling cellular behaviors in response to environmental signals. Quantitative measurement of the in vitro cleavage rate constants associated with ribozyme-based devices is essential for advancing the molecular design and optimization of this class of gene-regulatory devices. ...
Girardot Michael - - 2012
More than a hundred protein-coding genes are controlled by genomic imprinting in humans. These atypical genes are organized in chromosomal domains, each of which is controlled by a differentially methylated "imprinting control region" (ICR). How ICRs mediate the parental allele-specific expression of close-by genes is now becoming understood. At several ...
Lee Mi-Sun - - 2013
We examined the association between household solid fuel exposure and lung function in a densely populated district in urban Shanghai, China. Spirometry was performed in 12 506 subjects, aged 18 and over, residing in the Putuo District in Shanghai, China, in a cross-sectional survey. Exposure to solid fuel use at ...
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