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Results 401 - 450 of 1761
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Liu Jing - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) is highly expressed in many human cancers and regulates critical steps in mitotic progression. Previously, we have reported that PLK1 was overexpressed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well understood. By using microRNA (miR) target prediction algorithms, ...
Ramapanicker Ramesh - - 2012
The synthetic tetrapeptide GPRP based on the amino-terminal GPR sequence of the fibrin α-chain, binds the D-dimer protein with a dissociation constant KD of 25 μM. The D-dimer protein, a well-known biomarker for thrombosis, contains two cross-linked D fragments from the fibrinogen protein formed upon degradation of the fibrin gel, ...
Wang Youping Y Central Laboratory and Division of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital, Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou, - - 2013
To determine the role of the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) channel in the regulation of renal inflammation, lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 3 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally injected into wild-type (WT) and TRPV1-null mutant (TRPV1(-/-)) mice. The kidney and serum were collected 6 or 24 h after LPS injection for morphological ...
Maggioni Daniela - - 2012
A new amphoteric copolymer, PhenISA, has been obtained by copolymerization of 4-(4'-aminobutyl)-1,10-phenanthroline (BAP) with 2-methylpiperazine and bis(acrylamido)acetic acid (BAC) (6% of phenanthroline-containing repeating units). The copolymer showed excellent solubility in water, where it self-aggregated to give clear nanoparticle suspensions (hydrodynamic diameter = 21 ± 2 nm, by dynamic light scattering ...
Maurer Gerd - - 2012
The comments deal with a correlation presented in the above mentioned manuscript. That particular correlation is revised resulting in a more reasonable set of model parameters and better predictions for the simultaneous solubility of both gases in that particular ionic liquid.
Chen Jun-Feng - - 2012
Tubulointerstitial macrophage infiltration is a hallmark of chronic kidney disease (CKD) involved in the progression of renal fibrosis. Pirfenidone is a newly identified anti-fibrotic drug, the potential mechanism of which remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of pirfenidone on M1/M2 macrophage infiltration in nephrectomized ...
Lv Ping - - 2012
Whereas prehearing spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) rely faithfully on outputs from spontaneously active developing hair cells, the electrical phenotypes of posthearing neurons are shaped by distinct rapid and graded receptor potentials from hair cells. To date, technical difficulties in isolation of fragile posthearing neurons from the rigid bony labyrinth of ...
Yamanaka Soichiro - - 2013
RNA interference (RNAi) is a conserved mechanism in which small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) guide the degradation of cognate RNAs, but also promote heterochromatin assembly at repetitive DNA elements such as centromeric repeats. However, the full extent of RNAi functions and its endogenous targets have not been explored. Here we show ...
van Leeuwen Youri Mikal - - 2012
Repeptization (redispersion) from an aggregated state is usually only possible in charge-stabilized colloidal systems if the system is either coagulated in the secondary minimum of the interaction potential, or if the system cannot settle completely into the primary minimum. In this work we analyze the zeta potential, conductivity and long-term ...
Hazimihalis P J - - 2012
Muscle fiber type is a well studied property in limb muscles, however, much less is understood about myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoform expression in caudal muscles of mammalian tails. Didelphid marsupials are an interesting lineage in this context as all species have prehensile tails, but show a range of tail-function ...
Salvador Jorge A R - - 2012
Covering: up to 2012Steroids, a widespread class of natural organic compounds occurring in animals, plants and fungi, have shown great therapeutic value for a broad array of pathologies. The present overview is focused on the anticancer activity of steroids, which is very representative of a rich structural molecular diversity and ...
Kocabaş Abdullah - - 2012
Cardiac rhabdomyomas (CRs) are the most common heart tumors in children and closely associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). This study was performed to assess the presentation type, clinical course, treatment modalities, and outcome of the patients with rhabdomyoma, associated with TSC. We reviewed our patients with cardiac rhabdomyomas (CRs), ...
An In-Sook - - 2012
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer insensitive to chemotherapy. Efforts are, therefore, directed toward understanding the molecular mechanisms of chemotherapy insensitivity and the development of new anticancer drugs. Ginsenoside Rh2, one of the components in ginseng saponin, has been shown to have anti-proliferative ...
Myers Grant A - - 2012
The binding of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) to a planar phospholipid bilayer is measured using single-molecule total-internal-reflection-fluorescence microscopy. From several reports in the literature, GLP-1 has been shown to be a random coil in free solution, adopting a folded, alpha-helix conformation when intercalated into membrane environments. Single-molecule fluorescence measurements of GLP-1 ...
Dale Russell C - - 2012
There is increasing interest in the role of autoantibodies in acquired autoimmune central nervous system disorders. N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is an autoimmune encephalitis defined by the presence of autoantibodies that bind to the NMDAR. Although there is evidence of NMDAR antibody pathogenicity, it is unclear which treatment results in ...
Křesinová Zdena - - 2012
The white rot fungus Pleurotus ostreatus is able to completely remove the synthetic hormone 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2, 200 μg in 20 mL) from a liquid complex or mineral medium in 3 or 14 days, respectively. Its efficiency has also been documented in the removal of estrogenic activity that correlated with the ...
Jeon Hyun Min - - 2013
Necrosis is commonly found in the core region of solid tumours due to metabolic stress such as hypoxia and glucose deprivation (GD) resulting from insufficient vascularization. Necrosis promotes tumour growth and development by releasing the tumour-promoting cytokine high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1); however, the molecular mechanism underlying necrotic cell ...
Peterson Suzanne E - - 2012
Neural progenitor cells, neurons, and glia of the normal vertebrate brain are diversely aneuploid, forming mosaics of intermixed aneuploid and euploid cells. The functional significance of neural mosaic aneuploidy is not known; however, the generation of aneuploidy during embryonic neurogenesis, coincident with caspase-dependent programmed cell death (PCD), suggests that a ...
Schoofs Till - - 2012
The origin of aberrant DNA methylation in cancer remains largely unknown. In this study, we elucidated the DNA methylome in primary Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (APL) and the role of PML-RARα in establishing these patterns. APL patients showed increased genome-wide DNA methylation with higher variability than healthy CD34+ cells, promyelocytes and ...
Cline Troy D - - 2013
Macrophages are known to be one of the first lines of defense against influenza virus infection. However, they may also contribute to severe disease caused by the highly pathogenic avian (HPAI) H5N1 influenza viruses. One reason for this may be the ability of certain influenza virus strains to productively replicate ...
Guo Xue-kun - - 2013
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is one of the most important viral pathogens in the swine industry. Emerging evidence indicates that the host microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in host-pathogen interactions. However, whether host miRNAs can target PRRSV and be used to inhibit PRRSV infection has not been reported. ...
Karmaus Peer W F PW Cell and Molecular Biology Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA. - - 2013
Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC) has potent immune modulatory properties and can impair pathogen-induced immune defenses, which in part have been attributed to ligation of the cannabinoid receptors 1 (CB(1)) and 2 (CB(2)). Most recently, dendritic cells (DC) were identified for their potential to enhance influenza-induced immunopathology in mice lacking CB(1) and CB(2) ...
Zustiak Silviya P - - 2012
Recent advances in our understanding of the sophistication of the cellular microenvironment and the dynamics of tissue remodeling during development, disease, and regeneration have increased our appreciation of the current challenges facing tissue engineering. As this appreciation advances, we are better equipped to approach problems in the biology and therapeutics ...
La Spisa Fabio - - 2012
A library of symmetrical and unsymmetrical bis-(β-aminoamides) has been prepared starting from symmetrical secondary diamines by using a double Ugi four-component reaction. A sacrifical Mumm rearrangement, thanks to the use of 2-hydroxymethyl benzoic acid, is necessary to suppress the competing split-Ugi reaction, increasing the yield and simplifying the purification step. ...
Crijns S P M - - 2012
In radiotherapy one aims to deliver a radiation dose to a tumour with high geometrical accuracy while sparing organs at risk (OARs). Although image guidance decreases geometrical uncertainties, treatment of cancer of abdominal organs is further complicated by respiratory motion, requiring intra-fraction motion compensation to fulfil the treatment intent. With ...
Beyer J - - 2012
In November 2011, the Third European Consensus Conference on Diagnosis and Treatment of Germ-Cell Cancer (GCC) was held in Berlin, Germany. This third conference followed similar meetings in 2003 (Essen, Germany) and 2006 (Amsterdam, The Netherlands) [Schmoll H-J, Souchon R, Krege S et al. European consensus on diagnosis and treatment ...
Bonaccorsi Guglielmo - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate the applicability and validity of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) compared with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in a population of girls with restrictive anorexia nervosa (AN). Methods: A total of 30 girls (11-19 years old) with AN were enrolled. DXA and BIA (BIA software and the Deurenberg equations) ...
Kim Sun-Ouck - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to compare the results of the Q-tip test before and after the tension-free vaginal tape-obturator (TVT-O) in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) to determine the value of the Q-tip test in predicting the outcome of transobturator tape (TOT). METHODS: Between ...
Furman Jennifer L - - 2012
Astrocytes are the most abundant cell type in the brain and play a critical role in maintaining healthy nervous tissue. In Alzheimer's disease (AD) and most other neurodegenerative disorders, many astrocytes convert to a chronically "activated" phenotype characterized by morphologic and biochemical changes that appear to compromise protective properties and/or ...
Ma Liangsuo - - 2012
Although reduced working memory brain activation has been reported in several brain regions of cocaine-dependent subjects compared with controls, very little is known about whether there is altered connectivity of working memory pathways in cocaine dependence. This study addresses this issue by using functional magnetic resonance imaging-based stochastic dynamic causal ...
Henry Molly J - - 2012
The human ability to continuously track dynamic environmental stimuli, in particular speech, is proposed to profit from "entrainment" of endogenous neural oscillations, which involves phase reorganization such that "optimal" phase comes into line with temporally expected critical events, resulting in improved processing. The current experiment goes beyond previous work in ...
Myrvik Matthew P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) experience a broad range of mental health disorders placing them at risk for more complicated hospitalizations for pain. The current study examined the impact of mental health disorders on admission rates and hospital length of stay (LOS) for vaso-occlusive pain events (VOE) in ...
Fricke Jens - - 2013
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) forms cytoplasmic inclusion bodies (IBs) that are thought to be sites of nucleocapsid accumulation and viral RNA synthesis. The present study found that IBs also were the sites of major sequestration of two proteins involved in cellular signaling pathways. These are phosphorylated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase ...
Charpentier Charlotte C Laboratoire de Virologie, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Groupe Hospitalier Bichat-Claude Bernard, HUPNVS, Université Paris Diderot, Paris 7, PRES Sorbonne Paris Cité, EA4409, 75018, Paris, - - 2013
The aims of the study were to assess in patients with advanced HIV disease receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) intensification with enfuvirtide (i) resistance at virological failure (VF), (ii) impact of baseline tropism on immunovirological response, and (iii) HIV-1 DNA tropism evolution during ART. The ANRS 130 APOLLO randomized trial evaluated ...
Wang Guang-Hui GH School of Pharmaceutical Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen, - - 2013
A truncated version of retinoid X receptor-α, tRXR-α, promotes cancer cell survival by activating the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway. However, targeting the tRXR-α-mediated survival pathway for cancer treatment remains to be explored. We report here our identification of a new natural product molecule, CF31, a xanthone isolated from Cratoxylum formosum ...
Hanafusa Tadashi - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Identification of new cancer antigens is necessary for the efficient diagnosis and immunotherapy. A variety of tumor antigens have been identified by several methodologies. Among those antigens, cancer/testis (CT) antigens have became promising targets. METHODS: The serological identification of antigens by the recombinant expression cloning (SEREX) methodology has ...
Gaens Michaela E - - 2012
Purpose:To compare four known pharmacokinetic models for their ability to describe dynamic contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of carotid atherosclerotic plaques, to determine reproducibility, and to validate the results with histologic findings.Materials and Methods:The study was approved by the institutional medical ethics committee. Written informed consent was obtained from ...
Senchenkov Alex - - 2012
Limb salvage procedures in previously operated, radiated, and vessel-depleted fields rely heavily on the use of microvascular tissue transfer. This report illustrates the feasibility of the use of ovarian vessels for the revascularization of a free flap. We have achieved success with the use of rectus abdominis muscle free flap ...
Saltzman Darin J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Free tissue transplantations are lengthy procedures that result in prolong tissue ischemia. Restoral of blood flow is essential for free flap recovery; however, upon reperfusion tissue that is viable may continue to be nonperfused. To further elucidate this pathophysiology skeletal muscle microcirculation was investigated during reperfusion following 4-hour single ...
Avraham Y - - 2012
Leptin is a potent AMP kinase (AMPK) inhibitor that induces neuroprotection, neurogenesis, and angiogenesis when administered immediately after stroke. To dissociate these effects, we explored the effects of delayed administration of leptin, at 10 days after stroke onset, on neurogenesis and angiogenesis after stroke. Sabra mice underwent photothrombotic stroke and ...
Bendor Daniel - - 2012
Pitch, our perception of how high or low a sound is on a musical scale, is a fundamental perceptual attribute of sounds and is important for both music and speech. After more than a century of research, the exact mechanisms used by the auditory system to extract pitch are still ...
Sulemanji Demet S - - 2012
PURPOSE: Our aim was to compare adaptive support ventilation with and without closed loop control by end tidal CO(2) (ASVCO(2), ASV) with pressure (PC) and volume control ventilation (VC) during simulated clinical scenarios [normal lungs (N), COPD, ARDS, brain injury (BI)]. METHODS: A lung model was used to simulate representative ...
Fisk John C JC Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14124, - - 2013
Arginine (arg) methylation is a widespread posttranslational modification of proteins that impacts numerous cellular processes such as chromatin remodeling, RNA processing, DNA repair, and cell signaling. Known arg methylproteins arise mostly from yeast and mammals, and are almost exclusively nuclear and cytoplasmic. Trypanosoma brucei is an early branching eukaryote whose ...
Lin Zhen Z Tulane University Health Sciences Center and Tulane Cancer Center, New Orleans, LA, - - 2013
Using a simple viral genome enrichment approach, we report the de novo assembly of the Akata and Mutu Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genomes from a single lane of next-generation sequencing (NGS) reads. The Akata and Mutu viral genomes are type I EBV strains of approximately 171 kb in length. Evidence for ...
Ramadoss Sivakumar S Laboratory of Molecular Signaling, Division of Oral Biology and Medicine, School of Dentistry, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, - - 2012
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a critical event that occurs in embryonic development, tissue repair control, organ fibrosis, and carcinoma invasion and metastasis. Although significant progress has been made in understanding the molecular regulation of EMT, little is known about how chromatin is modified in EMT. Chromatin modifications through histone acetylation ...
Leonard Steven N - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Continued selective pressure from glycopeptide use has led to non-susceptible strains of Staphylococcus aureus, including vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (VISA). Though relatively uncommon, VISA presents a particularly difficult clinical challenge when it arises. Pertinent to this investigation is the correlation between vancomycin intermediacy and daptomycin non-susceptibility. The aim of this ...
Maresca Marcello - - 2012
Custom designed nucleases (CDNs) greatly facilitate genetic engineering by generating a targeted DNA double-strand break (DSB) in the genome. Once a DSB is created, specific modifications can be introduced around the breakage site during its repair by two major DNA damage repair (DDR) mechanisms: the dominant but error-prone non-homologous end ...
Abro Manzoor Ali - - 2012
The influence of nitrogen (N) nutrition on a plant's susceptibility to Botrytis and other pathogens is well documented However, little is known of possible effects on sporulation of the pathogen on diseased tissue and on the pathogenicity of resulting secondary inoculum. To address this question, sporulation by two strains of ...
Sato Kota - - 2012
We recently reported spinal blood flow-metabolism uncoupling in the Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1)-transgenic (Tg) mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), suggesting relative hypoxia in the spinal cord. However, the hypoxic stress sensor pathway in ALS has not been well studied. In the present work, we examined the temporal and ...
Chung Yongchul - - 2012
Molecular dynamics simulations and energy landscape analyses are carried out to study the atomic mobility of a polymer glass during the physical aging process that follows shear and thermal cycles. The mobility is characterized by the fraction of atoms moving more than its diameter in a given time interval. The ...
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