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Hamadanchi Ali - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Infective Endocarditis (IE) is considered as a multifaceted problem in every aspect from etiology and presentation to diagnosis and management. Early recognition of this disease and especially its complications, remain a critical task for the cardiologist. Atrial endocarditis is a rare and sometimes unrecognized complication of mitral valve ...
Toster Jeremiah - - 2012
Diatoms are one of the most successful photosynthetic organisms and given the important role that their shells (frustules) play in light trapping we explored their use in multilayered materials for application as photoanodes in dye sensitised solar cells (DSSCs). We find a substantial improvement in energy conversion efficiency of 30%, ...
- - 2012
To the Editor: Sandborn et al. (Aug. 16 issue)(1) report that tofacitinib has efficacy in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. The authors note that Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors JAK1 and JAK3 are surprisingly ineffective in the treatment of Crohn's disease.(2) In Crohn's disease, the major cytokines arise from the differentiation ...
Umar Asad - - 2012
Prevention of cancer remains the most promising strategy for reducing both its incidence and the mortality due to this disease. For more than four decades, findings from epidemiology, basic research and clinical trials have informed the development of lifestyle and medical approaches to cancer prevention. These include selective oestrogen receptor ...
Vafai Scott B - - 2012
Much of our current knowledge about mitochondria has come from studying patients who have respiratory chain disorders. These disorders comprise a large collection of individually rare syndromes, each presenting in a unique and often devastating way. In recent years, there has been great progress in defining their genetic basis, but ...
Lin Congxing - - 2012
Serum response factor (SRF) is a transcription factor that regulates the expression of growth-related immediate-early, cytoskeletal, and muscle-specific genes to control growth, differentiation, and cytoskeletal integrity in different cell types. To investigate the role for SRF in epidermal development and homeostasis, we conditionally knocked out SRF in epidermal keratinocytes. We ...
Steward Grieg F - - 2012
Viruses are abundant in the ocean and a major driving force in plankton ecology and evolution. It has been assumed that most of the viruses in seawater contain DNA and infect bacteria, but RNA-containing viruses in the ocean, which almost exclusively infect eukaryotes, have never been quantified. We compared the ...
Duan Shao-Bin - - 2012
Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect and mechanism of aging on iodinated-contrast-media-induced nephropathy in male rats. Methods: Twenty-four healthy male rats were initially divided into 12-month-old and 24-month-old age groups (adult and older age groups, respectively; n = 12/group); subsequently, each age group was randomly divided into ...
Tempelaar Sarah - - 2012
Owing to their low toxicity, biocompatibility and biodegradability, aliphatic poly(carbonate)s have been widely studied as materials for biomedical application. Furthermore, the synthetic versatility of the six-membered cyclic carbonates for the realization of functional degradable polymers by ring-opening polymerisation has driven wider interest in this area. In this review, the synthesis ...
Zhu Xianlun - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to review the role of choroid plexus coagulation (CPC) for hydrocephalus not due to CSF overproduction. METHODS: The literatures covering CPC/cauterization/extirpation and ablation searched through PubMed were reviewed. RESULTS: The history of CPC goes back to early 1900s by open surgery. It has evolved to mainly ...
Qing Yu-Feng - - 2012
Previous studies demonstrated that toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 was involved in the development of autoinflammatory disease including gouty arthritis (GA). TLR4 functional gene Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms play a role in some autoinflammatory disease susceptibility. We undertook this study to analyze the association between the genetic polymorphisms within TLR4 gene ...
Li Zhaolong - - 2012
Poultry Flavivirus (PF) was a recently emerged virus with high morbidity rates and mortality rates in China. It is the causative agent of egg drop syndrome at present. Development of the reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was the most efficient way to prevent and control the PF disease. ...
Tokinaga Hiroki - - 2012
Global mean sea surface temperature (SST) has risen steadily over the past century, but the overall pattern contains extensive and often uncertain spatial variations, with potentially important effects on regional precipitation. Observations suggest a slowdown of the zonal atmospheric overturning circulation above the tropical Pacific Ocean (the Walker circulation) over ...
Yu Fei - - 2012
Fatigue is reported as the most common symptom by patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The physiological and functional parameters related to fatigue in MS patients are currently not well established. A new wearable wireless body measurement system, named Fatigue Monitoring System (FAMOS), was developed to study fatigue in MS. It ...
Fogarty Simon W - - 2012
Understanding stem cell (SC) biology remains challenging and one of the few human tissues within which their in situ location is well characterized is the cornea. Individual human corneal epithelial cells were isolated from biopsies of live tissues using fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS); these were divided into putative SCs, transit-amplifying ...
Wang Xiaoyu - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN.: Computer modeling and simulations to analyze correction forces at the bone-screw interface in scoliosis instrumentation. OBJECTIVE.: To derive the minimum corrective forces applied on vertebrae through pedicle screws to achieve desired scoliosis corrections and evaluate the actual bone-screw forces associated with 3 types of pedicle screws (monoaxial, polyaxial, ...
Berk Veli - - 2012
A 32-y-old woman presented with pneumonia. Treatment was started with moxifloxacin. On day 2 of moxifloxacin treatment the patient developed neutropenia. After discontinuing the moxifloxacin, neutrophil counts were normal on day 4. Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of this adverse effect in patients treated with moxifloxacin.
Myers Martin G MG - - 2012
Although it is a widely held thought that direct hormone action on peripheral tissues is sufficient to mediate the control of nutrient handling, the role of the central nervous system in certain aspects of metabolism has long been recognized. Furthermore, recent findings have suggested a more general role for the ...
Jallouli Raida - - 2012
An extracellular lipase from Fusarium solani strain (F. solani lipase (FSL)) was purified to homogeneity by ammonium sulphate precipitation, gel filtration and anion exchange chromatography. The purified enzyme has a molecular mass of 30 kDa as estimated by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The 12 NH(2)-terminal amino acid residues showed ...
Filiopoulos Vassilis - - 2012
Introduction: Measuring total (residual kidney plus peritoneal) creatinine clearance (CrCl) with 24-h urine and dialysate collections is recommended for peritoneal dialysis (PD) adequacy evaluation. Prediction equations applied in this instance could simplify the approach. Cockcroft-Gault and modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) four (MDRD-4) and six (MDRD-6) variables equations ...
Habesoglu Mehmet - - 2012
Our objective was to determine the effect of different types of otologic surgeries on tinnitus symptoms. Our study consisted of 63 patients who were operated between January and June 2011. Variables such as age, sex, presence of systemic diseases, location and size of the perforation, duration of dry period, type ...
Gámez-González Luisa Berenise - - 2012
Recently, there have been increasing reports of severe forms of Kawasaki disease (KD) associated with shock that have been managed in pediatric intensive care units. It has been suggested that KD is more severe in the Hispanic population. We conducted a study to determine the frequency of Kawasaki disease shock ...
Ramírez Iliana María - - 2012
This paper presents a study on a system comprised of a low-dimensional structure (Ga(1-x)Al(x)As and GaAs quantum well wire), an intense laser field and an applied magnetic field in axial direction, resulting in a modified structure by interaction with the laser field. A variation of the concentration of aluminum is ...
Smith Stacy R - - 2012
To the Editor: In their Perspective article, Basu and Hassenplug (Aug. 9 issue)(1) claim that the time required for patients to gain access to high-risk medical devices is roughly similar in the United States and the European Union. However, the authors do not consider in their estimates the development time ...
Chevallier L - - 2012
We have previously described SEG/Pas as the first mouse inbred strain able to survive subcutaneous injection of virulent Yersinia pestis, the agent of plague, and we identified Yprl1, Yprl2 and Yprl3 as three quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling this exceptional phenotype in females from a backcross between SEG/Pas and C57BL/6 ...
Gao Yi-Jin - - 2012
We report the outcome of 92 non-high risk children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) following a Berlin-Frankfürt-Münster (BFM) Intercontinental ALL -based protocol. Compared with a matched historical control group, we found a lower incidence of treatment-related early death (1·2% vs. 10·9%, P = 0·015), a higher 6-year event-free survival (75·4 ± 4·9% vs. 58·2 ± 6·7%, ...
Puwanant Sarinya - - 2012
An 80-year-old woman with a history of mitral-valve repair presented with fatigue. On examination, she had normal vital signs and markedly pale conjunctivae.
Mechanic Robert - - 2012
Medicare typically spends as much or more in the 90 days after discharge as it does for the initial hospitalization, and post-acute care spending varies widely. This variation highlights opportunities for bundled payments to help improve quality and reduce spending.
Adamczyk Barbara - - 2012
The majority of proteins present in human serum/plasma are glycoproteins, validating this fluid as an ideal starting material for N-glycan analysis and discovery of potential biomarkers. The glycoprotein content for both serum and plasma is very similar, except for proteins removed in coagulation process, including fibrinogen. Our aim was to ...
Flouty Oliver - - 2012
We describe a novel spinal cord (SC) stimulator that is designed to overcome a major shortcoming of existing stimulator devices: their restricted capacity to selectively activate targeted axons within the dorsal columns. This device overcomes that limitation by delivering electrical stimuli directly to the pial surface of the SC. Our ...
Raman R Shankar - - 2012
A simple technique of decompressing the duodenum following difficult gastrectomies is described which can be applied across the country to reduce the incidence of this serious complication. The procedure has been used in 120 patients with no instance of duodenal blowout.
Manta Fernanda Saloum Neves - - 2012
The Brazilian population is highly heterogeneous as a result of five centuries of inter-ethnic mating between native Amerindians, European colonizers and Africans arrived during slavery. This study aimed to assess the proportions of inter-ethnic admixture in the Brazilian population of Rio de Janeiro using autosomal Ancestry-Informative Markers (AIMs). The autosomal ...
Hagiwara Akiko - - 2012
Objective: This study examines the effect of the Maternal and Child Health (MCH) handbook - a home-based health record - on women's knowledge and behavior in the Jericho and Ramallah Governorates of Palestine. Methods: This study uses a repeated, cross-sectional data set in which pre- and post-intervention situations are incorporated ...
Maviki M - - 2012
We report two HIV-positive patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) who developed clinical features in keeping with secondary adrenal suppression following epidural and subacromial triamcinolone. Both patients were on ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor containing HAART and both required maintenance hydrocortisone therapy following diagnosis. This highlights the need for radiologists and ...
Onuigbo Macaulay A C - - 2012
Background: The impact of acute kidney injury (AKI) on chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression remains uncertain; the common belief is that AKI in CKD is short-lived with subsequent full recovery. However 25.2% of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) Medicare patients all experienced antecedent AKI. We recently described a new syndrome of ...
Shirzadi Ali - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN.: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE.: To evaluate the efficacy of video telescope operating monitor (VITOM) as an alternative to operative microscope (OM) in spinal surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: The surgical operating microscope can be expensive, cumbersome, and ergonomically disadvantageous. VITOM is a novel telescope-based exoscope system that can ...
Evans Laura Jane - - 2012
A 44-year-old man presented to the emergency department with severe pain after an accident at the gym. He had been doing squats while balancing a 200-kg bar across his trapezius.
Batygin Konstantin - - 2012
The existence of gaseous giant planets whose orbits lie close to their host stars ('hot Jupiters') can largely be accounted for by planetary migration associated with viscous evolution of proto-planetary nebulae. Recently, observations of the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect during planetary transits have revealed that a considerable fraction of hot Jupiters are ...
An Shuxian - - 2012
We investigated the protective effect and mechanism of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) on rats ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) renal injury. Eighteen Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly divided into three groups. Control group (n = 6) suffered left unilateral nephrectomy, I/R + NS (normal saline) (n = 6) and I/R + NGAL (n = 6) group were subjected to 45 min right renal ischemia/24 h ...
Grant Sheena - - 2012
Mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS III, Sanfilippo syndrome) is a lysosomal storage disorder, caused by a deficiency in one of four enzymes involved in the catabolism of the glycosaminoglycan heparan sulphate. It is a degenerative disorder, with a progressive decline in children's intellectual and physical functioning. There is currently no cure ...
Feng Renwei - - 2012
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of selenium (Se) on the uptake and translocation of cadmium (Cd) and essential elements in paddy rice (Oryza sativa L., Shuangyou 998). Selenium could alleviate/aggravate Cd toxicity in paddy rice, which depended on the dosages of Se and/or Cd. When Cd ...
Campos Ricardo Pereira - - 2012
Previous studies show controversial results regarding the influence of age on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with Fibromyalgia (FM). While some studies suggest that elderly patients have a worse HRQOL when compared with younger patients, others did not find differences according to age. The aim of the study ...
Burke Derek G - - 2012
Lysosomal glucocerebrosidase (GBA1) deficiency is causative for Gaucher disease. Not all individuals with GBA1 mutations develop neurological involvement raising the possibility that other factors may provide compensatory protection. One factor may be the activity of the non-lysosomal β-glucosidase (GBA2) which exhibits catalytic activity towards glucosylceramide and is reported to be ...
Zhi Mingjia - - 2012
This paper presents a review of the research progress in the carbon-metal oxide composites for supercapacitor electrodes. In the past decade, various carbon-metal oxide composite electrodes have been developed by integrating metal oxides into different carbon nanostructures including zero-dimensional carbon nanoparticles, one-dimensional nanostructures (carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers), two-dimensional nanosheets ...
Berger Kenneth I - - 2012
MPS encompasses a group of rare lysosomal storage disorders that are associated with the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) in organs and tissues. This accumulation can lead to the progressive development of a variety of clinical manifestations. Ear, nose, throat (ENT) and respiratory problems are very common in patients with MPS ...
Louhasakul Yasmi - - 2012
In view of ever-growing demand of biodiesel, there is an urgent need to look for inexpensive and promising renewable raw material oils for its production. In this context, the aim of this study was to evaluate the potential use of industrial wastes for low-cost production of oils through microbial fermentation. ...
Cahill Sean - - 2012
Men who have sex with men (MSM) have been disproportionately affected by HIV since the onset of the epidemic. Public health discourse about prevention has traditionally focused on individual risk behavior and less on the socio-structural factors that place MSM at increased risk of infection. Anti-gay bias and stigma are ...
Akaike Gensuke - - 2012
Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare cutaneous neoplasm that is thought to represent intraepithelial adenocarcinoma developing in an area rich in apocrine glands. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings for this disease are not well established. We report three cases of pathologically confirmed EMPD in which MRI was performed before ...
Wei Cui - - 2012
The aminobenzo[a]quinolizines were investigated as a novel class of DPP-IV inhibitors. The stereochemistry of this class plays an important role in the bioactivity. In this study, the mechanisms of how different configuration of three chiral centers of this class influences the binding affinity were investigated by molecular dynamics simulations, free ...
Sheffield Justin - - 2012
Drought is expected to increase in frequency and severity in the future as a result of climate change, mainly as a consequence of decreases in regional precipitation but also because of increasing evaporation driven by global warming. Previous assessments of historic changes in drought over the late twentieth and early ...
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