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Suckow Shelby K SK Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97223, - - 2013
The periaqueductal gray (PAG) is a critical brain region involved in opioid analgesia and provides efferents to descending pathways that modulate nociception. In addition, the PAG contains ascending pathways to regions involved in the regulation of reward, including the substantia nigra (SN) and the ventral tegmental area (VTA). SN and ...
Aboye Teshome L TL Department of Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, United - - 2012
Herein, we report for the first time the design and synthesis of a novel cyclotide able to efficiently inhibit HIV-1 viral replication by selectively targeting cytokine receptor CXCR4. This was accomplished by grafting a series of topologically modified CVX15 based peptides onto the loop 6 of cyclotide MCoTI-I. The most ...
Ross Audrey G AG Department of Chemistry, Columbia University, Havemeyer Hall, 3000 Broadway, New York, New York 10027, United - - 2013
Halocycloalkenones are demonstrated to function as potent dienophiles in inter- and intramolecular Diels-Alder cycloadditions. We have found 2-brominated cycloalkenone dienophiles to be both highly endo selective and significantly more reactive than their nonhalogenated parent compounds. A method for the facile conversion of brominated cyclobutanone DA adducts to synthetically useful cyclopropyl ...
Czekster Clarissa M CM Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, New York 10461, United - - 2012
Tetrahydrofolate cofactors are required for one carbon transfer reaction involved in the synthesis of purines, amino acids, and thymidine. Inhibition of tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis is a powerful therapeutic strategy in the treatment of several diseases, and the possibility of using antifolates to inhibit enzymes from Mycobacterium tuberculosis has been explored. This ...
Chung Cindy C Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, United - - 2012
Native tissues provide cells with complex, three-dimensional (3D) environments comprised of hydrated networks of extracellular matrix proteins and sugars. By mimicking the dimensionality of native tissue while deconstructing the effects of environmental parameters, protein-based hydrogels serve as attractive, in vitro platforms to investigate cell-matrix interactions. For cell encapsulation, the process ...
Hui Fan F Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 9500 Gilman Drive, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0375, - - 2012
Crystal (Cry) proteins are globally used in agriculture as proteinaceous insecticides. They have also been recently recognized to have great potential as anthelmintic agents in targeting parasitic roundworms (e.g., hookworms). The most extensively characterized of the anthelmintic Cry proteins is Cry5B. We report here the 2.3 Å resolution structure of ...
Villacorta Junior Humberto - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is considered the gold-standard method for the calculation of cardiac volumes. Transthoracic impedance cardiography assesses the cardiac output. No studies validating this measurement, in comparison to that obtained by magnetic resonance imaging, are available. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of transthoracic impedance cardiography in the ...
- - 2012
In 2010, an estimated 18.8 million persons in the United States had diagnosed diabetes mellitus and another 7.0 million had undiagnosed diabetes. Since 1990, the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes in the United States has risen sharply among all age groups, both sexes, and all racial/ethnic groups for which data are ...
- - 2012
Epilepsy is a neurologic disorder that negatively affects the quality of life for millions of persons in the United States; however, nationally representative U.S. estimates of the prevalence of epilepsy are scant. To determine epilepsy prevalence among adults, assess their access to care, and provide baseline estimates for a Healthy ...
- - 2012
Background: Breast cancer death rates have been declining among U.S. women since 1990 because of early detection and advances in treatment; however, all racial groups have not benefited equally. Methods: Breast cancer incidence, stage at diagnosis, and mortality rates for 2005-2009 for women in the United States and for each ...
Kawabata-Yoshihara Liz Andrea - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a controversial risk factor for dementia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the association between AF and dementia in the "Sao Paulo Ageing & Health" (SPAH) study participants. METHODS: SPAH is a cross-sectional, population-based study of elderly people living in a deprived ...
Yurtdaş Mustafa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Natriuretic peptides are released by the heart in response to wall stress. OBJECTIVE: The NT-Pro-BNP concentrations in slow coronary flow (SCF) patients were assessed before and after the exercise test and compared with the values of healthy controls. METHODS: The study population was 34 patients with SCF [22 males ...
Yuan Shi-Min - - 2012
Contegra, a bovine jugular vein graft, has been widely used as a preferable biomaterial in the surgical treatment of congenital heart defects, especially as a conduit for the right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction. This article aims to make a comprehensive review on the clinical outcomes of Contegra. Reports of Contegra ...
Takimura Celso Kiyochi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fast post-implantation stent endothelialization is desirable for theoretically reducing the possibility of stent thrombosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent of sirolimus-eluting stent strut endothelialization (delivered from the luminal and abluminal aspects or abluminal aspect only) in the iliac arteries of rabbits. METHODS: The iliac arteries of 10 rabbits were ...
- - 2012
Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure causes heart disease and lung cancer in nonsmoking adults and several health conditions in children. Only completely eliminating smoking in indoor spaces fully protects nonsmokers from SHS. State and local laws can provide this protection in enclosed workplaces and public places by completely eliminating smoking in ...
Sun Bao-Jun - - 2012
Life history traits may vary within and among species. Rarely, however, are both variations examined concurrently to identify the life history adaptation. We found that female body size, offspring number and size, and incubation period showed convergent evolution in two lacertid lizards (Takydromus wolteri and Eremias argus) that occur sympatrically ...
Korchi Amine M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Pseudoprogression is a rare complication of radiation therapy, and discrimination between true progression and pseudoprogression is of paramount importance for further medical care. We present a case of intra-axial pseudoprogression following complementary proton radiation therapy for a choroid plexus carcinoma in a child. We aim to highlight radiological patterns ...
Friis-Holmberg Teresa - - 2012
This prospective study investigates the use of phalangeal bone mineral density (BMD) in predicting fractures in a cohort (15,542) who underwent a BMD scan. In both women and men, a decrease in BMD was associated with an increased risk of fracture when adjusted for age and prevalent fractures. PURPOSE: The ...
Mindell Jennifer - - 2012
Anaemia increases with age and is common among older people. Due to its relationship with morbidity and mortality, accurate diagnosis is important. Thresholds defining the diagnosis of anaemia have been the subject of considerable scientific debate, with both higher and lower cut-offs proposed. High haemoglobin is also a health risk ...
Isidro Ma Luisa - - 2012
This study aims to investigate the adequacy of pathology reports of specimens from patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) operated in our institution. Retrospective analysis of the pathology reports of all patients diagnosed with DTC in our area, from 1 January 2006 through 30 June 2011, was done. Sixty-eight patients ...
Cottone Mario - - 2012
To the Editor: Sandborn et al. (Aug. 16 issue)(1) report that tofacitinib has efficacy in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. The authors note that Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors JAK1 and JAK3 are surprisingly ineffective in the treatment of Crohn's disease.(2) In Crohn's disease, the major cytokines arise from the differentiation ...
Kim J S - - 2012
The purpose of this phase I clinical trial was to evaluate the safety, tolerability and potential efficacy of VM202, naked DNA expressing two isoforms of hepatocyte growth factor, as an adjunct therapy to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). Nine patients were assigned to ...
Prakash Dwivedi Om - - 2012
Common variants near melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) gene are shown to be associated with adiposity but have varied effects in different age groups. Among Indians, studies have shown association of these variants with obesity in adults, but their association in children is yet to be confirmed. We evaluated association of ...
Wood Susanna A - - 2012
Depuration of tetrodotoxin (TTX) was investigated in adult grey side-gilled sea slugs, Pleurobranchaea maculata, maintained in captivity on a TTX-free diet. Three adults were harvested every 21 days for 126 days, and TTX concentrations were measured in organs/tissues and egg masses. Automated rRNA intergenic spacer analysis (ARISA) was used to investigate bacterial ...
Lim Michelle - - 2012
Endothelial dysfunction is a key pathogenic mechanism of cardiovascular diseases. The retinal microvascular network offers a unique, non-invasive window to study endothelial function. Recently, dynamic measurement of retinal vessel caliber using flicker light stimulation has been used to evaluate potential endothelial dysfunction and other mechanisms in cardiovascular diseases. A variety ...
Miyake Takatomo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Retinal ischemia in eyes with diabetic retinopathy and retinal vein occlusion leads to local tissue acidosis. Acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) are expressed in photoreceptors and other neurons in the retina, and may play a role in acid-induced cell injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective ...
Feng Xin - - 2012
Switchable reaction patterns of beta-substituted cyclic enones have been reported via amine-based dienamine activation. While gama-regioselective vinylogous Michael addition was observed with alkylidenemalononitriles, a completely different [4+2] cycloaddition was obtained with allylidene- or alkynylidenemanolonitrile substrates, affording densely substituted bicyclo[2.2.2]octanes or analogous architectures with moderate to excellent diastereo- and enantioselectivity by ...
Lucarelli Giuseppe - - 2012
PURPOSE: Kidney retransplantation is the best treatment option for transplanted patients returning to dialysis. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of removal of a failed graft on the outcome of a subsequent transplant. METHODS: We identified 140 patients who underwent retransplantation at our institution. Retrospective comparison ...
Kully-Martens Katrina - - 2012
Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) have difficulties with cognitive-based executive function (EF) tasks. The goal of the present study was to determine if children with FASD have impairments on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), which measures affective EF (i.e., decision-making and risk-taking). Individuals with FASD (n = 31) ...
Bonicelli Gilles - - 2012
Three hundred and twenty-seven patients from two population-based cohorts with an established diagnosis of polycythaemia vera were studied for prognostic risk factors for survival and leukaemia in a long-term survey. The relative survival (RS) was 72% and 46% at 10 and 20 years respectively, from the time of diagnosis. Multivariate analysis ...
Nexon David H - - 2012
To the Editor: In their Perspective article, Basu and Hassenplug (Aug. 9 issue)(1) claim that the time required for patients to gain access to high-risk medical devices is roughly similar in the United States and the European Union. However, the authors do not consider in their estimates the development time ...
Yeoh Kar Kheng - - 2012
Inhibition of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylases (PHD or EGLN enzymes) is of interest for the treatment of anemia and ischemia-related diseases. Most PHD inhibitors work by binding to the single ferrous ion and competing with 2-oxoglutarate (2OG) co-substrate for binding at the PHD active site. Non-specific iron chelators ...
Aukema Harold M - - 2012
We have previously shown nutritional intervention with fish oil (n-3 PUFA) to reduce numerous complications associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the JCR:LA-corpulent (cp) rat. In the present study, we sought to explore the potential role of fish oil to prevent glomerulosclerosis in JCR:LA-cp rats via renal eicosanoid metabolism ...
Leikfoss I S - - 2012
Genome-wide association studies have revealed that the 16p13 chromosomal region, including CLEC16A, DEXI, CIITA and SOCS1, is associated with susceptibility to autoimmune diseases. As non-coding single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may confer susceptibility to disease by affecting expression of nearby genes, we examined whether autoimmune-associated intronic CLEC16A SNPs (rs12708716, rs6498169 and rs7206912) ...
Du Jie - - 2012
A cationic copolymer triggered dimerization of a self-complementary stem-loop DNA. The dimerization was faster than spontaneous dissociation of the dimer. Reversible transformation between stem-loop and dimer structures was driven by switching on/off copolymer activity.
Luo Chonglin - - 2012
MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression and have important roles in various types of cancer. Previously, miR-137 was reported to act as a tumor suppressor in different cancers, including malignant melanoma. In this study, we show that low miR-137 expression is correlated with poor survival in stage ...
Sole Sushant S - - 2012
Context: Tamarindus indica L. (Leguminosae) is widely used as a traditional medicine for the management of diabetes mellitus (DM) in India, in addition to its anti-inflammatory activity. The present study has been designed to understand the correlation involved between antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory action of aqueous seed extract of T. indica ...
Singla Amit - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Coil embolization has gained importance in the management of intracranial aneurysms over the past decade. However, the recurrence risk after embolization mandates closer follow-up than surgical clip ligation. Currently, there is no reliable system for predicting aneurysm sac thrombosis. An aneurysm embolization grade (AEG) reported previously by the senior ...
Madsen Anne Mette - - 2012
Selection of sampling device, sampling location and period are important first steps in the measurement of exposure to bioaerosols in indoor air. The steps following the sampling include treatment of samples and laboratory analysis. In this study, settling bacteria, endotoxin, fungi and serine protease have been measured in Danish homes ...
Xu J - - 2012
Genome-wide association study (GWAS) has identified serine/threonine kinase 39 (STK39) as a candidate gene for hypertension. A replication study provided supporting evidence that STK39 functional polymorphism rs35929607 was associated with hypertension. Recently, another study also showed rs6749447 within the STK39 was associated with blood pressure responses. However, these studies were ...
Borkar Durga S - - 2012
PURPOSE: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors and kinases are commonly used in the treatment regimen of various solid tumors including non-small cell lung, colorectal, head and neck, breast, and pancreatic cancers. The aim of this study is to describe common ocular adverse effects associated with EGFR inhibitor treatment, outline ...
De Greve Kristiaan - - 2012
Long-distance quantum teleportation and quantum repeater technologies require entanglement between a single matter quantum bit (qubit) and a telecommunications (telecom)-wavelength photonic qubit. Electron spins in III-V semiconductor quantum dots are among the matter qubits that allow for the fastest spin manipulation and photon emission, but entanglement between a single quantum-dot ...
Torrens George Edward - - 2012
The purpose of the study was the assessment of preferences for four types of assistive technology (AT) domestic cutlery with 24 female and 10 male participants who had a range of upper limb impairments. A mixed-methods methodology, that included a paired comparisons analysis, was used to inform product development. Qualitative ...
Lee H-S - - 2012
We examined major trends and patterns regarding sodium and potassium intake and the ratio of sodium and potassium in the diets of South Koreans. We used data from 24-h dietary recall data from 10 267, 8819 and 9264 subjects ages 2 years in the 1998, 2005 and 2009 Korean National Health ...
Götze Jens - - 2012
Cathodoluminescence (CL) microscopy and spectroscopy are luminescence techniques with widespread applications in geosciences. Many rock-forming and accessory minerals show CL characteristics, which can be successfully used in geoscientific research. One of the most spectacular applications is the visualization of growth textures and other internal structures that are not discernable with ...
Bilgiç Reyhan - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to examine the major determinants of psychological health during unemployment. With this in mind, 438 (17% female and 83% male) unemployed individuals were contacted through Turkey's State Employment Office. It was expected that the relationship between duration of unemployment and psychological wellbeing would be ...
El-Galaly Tarec C - - 2012
A number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) have been linked to higher risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). We investigated the VTE risk associated with SNPs in the GP6 (rs1613662), SERPINC1 (rs2227589), F11 (rs2036914 and rs2289252), FGG (rs2066865), and F12 (rs1801020) genes. In F11, the CC genotype for rs2036914 and the ...
Minaee Bagher - - 2012
Prognosis studies are fast developing and very practical types of medical research. Sciatica is one of the common types of low back pain and identifying prognostic factors of the illness can help physicians and patients to choose best method of practice. The prognostic factors of sciatica are presented from the ...
Owen Roger G - - 2012
This report represents a further update of the consensus panel criteria for the assessment of clinical response in patients with Waldenström macroglobulinaemia (WM). These criteria have been updated in light of further data demonstrating an improvement in categorical responses with new drug regimens as well as acknowledgement of the fact ...
- - 2012
To the Editor: Esbjörnsson and colleagues (July 19 issue)(1) conclude that infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) attenuates the course of HIV-1 infection. Their report raises three issues. First, in Guinea-Bissau, up to 30% of persons infected with both HIV-1 and HIV-2 have coinfection with human T-cell lymphotropic ...
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