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Results 351 - 400 of 2032
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Vesterdal Lise K - - 2012
Abstract This study compared the oxidative stress level and vasomotor dysfunction after exposure to urban dust, diesel exhaust particles (DEP) or single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT). DEP and SWCNT increased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cultured endothelial cells and acellullarly, whereas the exposure to urban dust did not ...
Mercey Guillaume - - 2012
Pyridinium and bis-piridinium aldoximes are used, as antidotes, to reactivate acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibited by organophosphorus nerve agents. Herein, we described a series of nine non quaternary phenyl-tetrahydroisoquinoline-pyridinaldoxime conjugates more efficient than, or as efficient as pyridinium oximes to reactivate VX-, tabun- and ethyl paraoxon-inhibited human AChE. This study explores the ...
Zhang Zhijuan - - 2012
Microporous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have attracted tremendous attention because of their versatile structures and tunable porosity that allow almost unlimited ways to improve their properties and optimize their functionality, making them very promising for a variety of important applications, especially in the adsorption and separation of small gases and hydrocarbons. ...
Oehninger Luciano - - 2012
Metal complexes with N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands have been widely used in catalytic chemistry and are now increasingly considered for the development of new chemical tools and metal based drugs. Ruthenium complexes of the type (p-cymene)(NHC)RuCl(2) interacted with biologically relevant thiols and selenols, which resulted in the inhibition of enzymes ...
Fushimi Tatsuya - - 2012
Pyrosequencing system utilizing luciferase is one of the next-generation DNA sequencing systems. However, there is a crucial problem with the current pyrosequencing system: luciferase cannot discriminate between ATP and dATP completely, and dATPαS must be used as the dATP analogue. dATPαS is expensive and has low activity for the enzyme. ...
Xu Tingting - - 2012
Individual WS(2) nanotubes (NTs) were bended and released in-situ inside a transmission electron microscope. Kinks appeared in the NTs suddenly during the bending process. Shell distortion, shell breaking and rotation of broken shells were observed in these kinks. Spontaneous self-healing and focused electron beam-assisted healing of the structure were observed ...
Burton O T OT Department of Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2013
Interleukin (IL)-4 has critical roles in allergic disorders, including food hypersensitivity. The direct effects of the cytokine on the survival and function of mast cells, the key effectors of food anaphylaxis, have not been established. In this study, we demonstrate that IL-4 induces a marked intestinal mastocytosis in mice. This ...
Levin Gregory P GP Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2012
Lower serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations are associated with greater risks of many chronic diseases across large, prospective community-based studies. Substrate 25-hydroxyvitamin D must be converted to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D for full biological activity, and complex metabolic pathways suggest that interindividual variability in vitamin D metabolism may alter the clinical consequences of ...
Zysk John R - - 2012
The positive allosteric modulator (PAM) binding site for metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu(5) ) lacks a readily available radio-labeled tracer for detailed structure-activity studies. This communication describes a selective mGlu(5) compound, 7-methyl-2-(4-(pyridin-2-yloxy)benzyl)-5-(pyridin-3-yl)isoindolin-1-one (PBPyl) that binds with high affinity to human mGlu(5) and exhibits functional PAM activity. Analysis of PBPyl ...
Sato Toyotaka - - 2012
Fluoroquinolone resistance is mainly caused by mutations in quinolone resistance-determining regions of DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV in Escherichia coli. The AcrAB-TolC efflux pump contributes to resistance against fluoroquinolone and other antimicrobials. In this study, we investigated a high-level mechanism of fluoroquinolone resistance in E. coli that was isolated from ...
Kawaguchi Mio - - 2012
A convenient and efficient method was established for isolating antifungal antibiotic-producing fungi from soil samples. In this method, soil samples were diluted and directly plated in agar medium by the standard fungi-isolating method, and the plates were cultured at 27 °C for 2-3 days to permit the growth of fungal colonies. ...
Idei Masahiko - - 2012
The most complete account to date of the ultrastructure of flagellate cells in diatoms is given for the sperm of Thalassiosira lacustris and Melosira moniliformis var. octogona, based on serial sections. The sperm are uniflagellate, with no trace of a second basal body, and possess a 9 + 0 axoneme. The significance ...
Wu Zhong-Shuai - - 2012
Three-dimensional graphene-based frameworks (3D-GFs) with hierarchical macro- and meso-porous structures are presented. The interconnected macropores are derived from hydrothermally assembled 3D graphene aerogels (GAs) while the mesopores are generated by the silica networks uniformly grown on the surface of graphene. The resulting 3D-GFs exhibit narrow mesopore size distribution (2~3.5 nm), ...
Ebert Martin - - 2012
The size, morphology and chemical composition of 37 715 individual particles collected over 22 sampling days in the vicinity of a large integrated steel production were studied by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Based on the morphology, chemistry and beam stability the particles were classified into the following fourteen groups: silicates, ...
Yanazume Shintaro - - 2012
A high cure rate of ovarian germ cell tumors was achieved by establishment of a cisplatin-containing regimen. We encountered a rare case of a 33-year-old, nulligravida Japanese woman with systemic thromboembolism following anti-cancer chemotherapy with cisplatin, etoposide, and bleomycin in ovarian germ cell tumor. She suffered from brain infarction, multiple ...
Figueiredo M L - - 2012
Despite the increasing concern given to air quality in urban and industrial areas in recent years, particular emphasis on regulation, control, and reduction of air pollutant emissions is still necessary to fully characterize the chain emissions-air quality-exposure-dose-health effects, for specific sources. The Estarreja region was selected as a case study ...
Penrad-Mobayed May - - 2012
Subterminal lampbrush loops of one of the 12 bivalents of the oocyte karyotype of Pleurodeles waltl (Amphibian, Urodele) underwent prominent morphological changes upon in vitro culture. These loops exhibited a fine ribonucleoprotein (RNP) granular matrix, which evolved during culture into huge structures that we have named 'chaussons' (slippers). This phenomenon ...
Leo Silvana - - 2012
PURPOSE: Gastrointestinal cancer (GI) incidence increases with each decade of life and is the leading cause of death in patients aged >70 years. Nevertheless, elderly patients are often excluded or underrepresented in clinical trials. We performed a review of current recommendations in the management of GI elderly cancer patients. METHODS: A ...
Legaz-García María Del Carmen - - 2012
Genome sequencing projects generate vast amounts of data of a wide variety of types and complexities, and at a growing pace. Traditionally, the annotation of such sequences was difficult to share with other researchers. Despite the fact that this has improved with the development and application of biological ontologies, such ...
Malik M - - 2012
Potential effects of the selective β(3)-adrenoceptor agonist mirabegron on cardiac repolarization were studied in healthy subjects. The four-arm, parallel, two-way crossover study was double-blind and placebo- and active (moxifloxacin)-controlled. After 2 baseline ECG days, subjects were randomized to one of eight treatment sequences (22 females and 22 males per sequence) ...
Feng Chun - - 2012
Aim:  A tubal ectopic pregnancy (EP) in the first trimester remains a major life-threatening complication for the mother. We aim to determine whether serum reproductive hormones may be clinically useful in the early identification of a tubal EP. Methods:  A total of 109 age-matched patients with a serum β-human chorionic ...
Coate J E JE Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. - - 2013
Allopolyploidy is often associated with increased photosynthetic capacity as well as enhanced stress tolerance. Excess light is a ubiquitous plant stress associated with photosynthetic light harvesting. We show that under chronic excess light, the capacity for non-photochemical quenching (NPQ(max)), a photoprotective mechanism, was higher in a recently formed natural allotetraploid ...
Dulin David - - 2012
To understand genomic processes such as transcription, translation or splicing, we need to be able to study their spatial and temporal organization at the molecular level. Single-molecule approaches provide this opportunity, allowing researchers to monitor molecular conformations, interactions or diffusion quantitatively and in real time in purified systems and in ...
Lin Yun Y Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2013
Hyperforin, a lipophilic constituent of medicinal herb St John's wort, has been identified as the main active ingredient of St John's wort extract for antidepressant action by experimental and clinical studies. Hyperforin is currently known to activate transient receptor potential canonical (subtype) 6 (TRPC6) channel, increase the phosphorylated CREB (p-CREB), ...
Zhu A Z X AZ Center for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2012
Bupropion is indicated to promote smoking cessation. Animal studies suggest that the pharmacologic activity of bupropion can be mediated by its major metabolite, hydroxybupropion. We measured plasma bupropion and its metabolite levels in a double-blind, placebo controlled, randomized smoking-cessation trial. Among the treatment-adherent individuals, higher hydroxybupropion concentrations (per μg/ml) resulted ...
Pop Viorela V Department of Pediatrics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, - - 2013
Clinical studies suggest that traumatic brain injury (TBI) hastens cognitive decline and development of neuropathology resembling brain aging. Blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption following TBI may contribute to the aging process by deregulating substance exchange between the brain and blood. We evaluated the effect of juvenile TBI (jTBI) on these processes ...
Nishizaki Naoto - - 2012
First described in Japanese patients, Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a congenital condition associated with multiple anomalies and mental retardation. Although urological and immune abnormalities are common in KS, immune complex nephritis such as membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) has not yet been reported. We describe the first reported case of a KS ...
Kashiwazaki Daina - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Previous reports have suggested that endovascular parent artery occlusion is an effective and safe procedure for the treatment of vertebral artery dissection (VAD). However, the results of long-term outcomes are still unclear. This study reviewed the clinical and imaging outcomes of patients with VAD treated by endovascular internal trapping. ...
Flores Edgar - - 2012
The development and operation of a highly accurate primary gas facility for the dynamic production of mixtures of nitrogen dioxide in nitrogen based on continuous weighing of a permeation tube and accurate impurity quantification and correction of the gas mixtures using FT-IR is described. Nitrogen dioxide gas mixtures in the ...
Gühring T - - 2012
Minimally invasive percutaneous instrumentations are increasingly being used for stabilization of thoracolumbar fractures, mainly due to the advantages of reduced soft tissue damage. While percutaneous instrumentation can be generally used in less displaced fractures, it remains controversial whether such techniques should also be performed in patients with severe fracture dislocation. ...
Martín Abraham A Molecular Imaging Unit, CIC biomaGUNE, San Sebastián, Spain. - - 2013
The precise biologic mechanisms involved in functional recovery processes in response to stroke such as dopaminergic neurotransmission are still largely unknown. For this purpose, we performed in parallel in vivo magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography (PET) with [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]FDG) and [(11)C]raclopride at 1, 3, 7, 14, 21, and ...
Tagare Amit - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the morbidity and mortality in ELBW babies till discharge from a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). METHODS: This study was a prospective observational study conducted in a 40 bed well equipped level III care NICU between 01.12.2006 and 30.04.2008. All ELBW babies admitted during this period were ...
Sasaki Sei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Familial form of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is a rare hereditary disease caused by arginine vasopressin type 2 receptor (AVPR2) or water channel aquaporin 2 (AQP2) gene mutations. It is speculated that 90 % of NDI families carry disease-causing mutations in AVPR2 and 10 % carry the mutations in AQP2; however, ...
Varsos Georgios V GV Neurosurgical Unit, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Division of Neurosurgery, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK. - - 2013
Critical closing pressure (CCP) is the arterial blood pressure (ABP) at which brain vessels collapse and cerebral blood flow (CBF) ceases. Using the concept of impedance to CBF, CCP can be expressed with brain-monitoring parameters: cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), ABP, blood flow velocity (FV), and heart rate. The novel multiparameter ...
Osborne Thomas H - - 2012
Polaromonas sp. str. GM1 is an aerobic, psychrotolerant, heterotrophic member of the Betaproteobacteria and is the only isolate capable of oxidising arsenite at temperatures below 10 °C. Sequencing of the aio gene cluster in GM1 revealed the presence of the aioB and aioA genes, which encode the arsenite oxidase but ...
O'Donnell Martha E ME Department of Physiology and Membrane Biology, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA. - - 2013
Cerebral edema forms in the early hours of ischemic stroke by processes involving increased transport of Na and Cl from blood into brain across an intact blood-brain barrier (BBB). Our previous studies provided evidence that the BBB Na-K-Cl cotransporter is stimulated by the ischemic factors hypoxia, aglycemia, and arginine vasopressin ...
Schilthuizen M - - 2012
I made use of the known dates of reclamation (and of afforestations) in the IJsselmeerpolders in The Netherlands to assess evolutionary adaptation in Cepaea nemoralis. At 12 localities (three in each polder), I sampled a total of 4390 adult individuals in paired open and shaded habitats, on average 233 m apart, ...
Isgrò M - - 2012
The C-C motif chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5), CCL11, and CCL24 are involved in the pathogenesis of asthma, and their function is mainly associated with the airway recruitment of eosinophils. This study tested their ability to induce the migration of circulating fibrocytes, which may contribute to the development of irreversible airflow ...
Parkinson Lynne - - 2012
The usefulness of chiropractic for treatment of low back pain is a contentious issue. Chiropractors advocate holism and general well-being as a key principle on which they base their clinical practice, yet the quality of life, lifestyle, health and economic impacts of chiropractic intervention for back pain in adults have ...
Chen Hualin - - 2012
Leather tanneries around the world, including China, introduce chromium (Cr) and other metals into the environment. In China, the population pressure compels the utilization of every piece of available land for food production. In this study, we investigated the content, leachability and possible storage sinks for Cr and other metals ...
Valatas V - - 2012
De novo differentiation of CD4(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (induced (i) Tregs) occurs preferentially in the gut-associated lymphoid tissues (GALT). We addressed the contribution of background genetic factors in affecting the balance of iTreg, T helper type 1 (Th1), and Th17 cell differentiation in GALT in vivo following the transfer of ...
Braithwaite Susan S - - 2012
Hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, preexisting diabetes, and glycemic variability each may affect hospital outcomes. Observational findings derived from randomized trials or retrospective studies suggest that independent of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, a relationship exists between variability and hospital outcomes. A review of studies conducted in diverse hospital populations is reported here, showing a ...
Ma Mengtao - - 2012
Reactions of [Pt(PCy(3))(2)] (Cy = cyclohexyl) with group 12 metal dihalides have afforded the novel metal only Lewis pair (MOLP) complexes, [(Cy(3)P)(2)Pt→MX(2)] (M = Zn or Cd, X = Br or I), or the oxidative addition product, trans-[(Cy(3)P)(2)(I)PtHgI]. The zinc complex represents the first MOLP to contain an unsupported Pt→Zn ...
Liu Dan-Dan - - 2012
Measurements of the advancing contact angle ( ) and adsorption properties were carried out for aqueous solutions of four cationic surfactants, hexadecanol glycidyl ether ammonium chloride (C16PC), guerbet alcohol hexadecyl glycidyl ether ammonium chloride (C16GPC), hexadecanol polyoxyethylene(3) glycidyl ether ammonium chloride(C16(EO)3PC) and guerbet alcohol hexadecyl polyoxyethylene(3) glycidyl ether ammonium chloride ...
Roth Bodil - - 2012
Abstract Objective. Microscopic colitis (MC) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are both gastrointestinal disorders with female predominance that affect well-being. Autoantibodies against gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) have recently been detected in IBS patients. The purpose of this study was to compare gastrointestinal symptoms and well-being in MC female outpatients, with or ...
Azuma Junichi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study is a pharmacogenetic clinical trial designed to clarify whether the N-acetyltransferase 2 gene (NAT2) genotype-guided dosing of isoniazid improves the tolerability and efficacy of the 6-month four-drug standard regimen for newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis. METHODS: In a multicenter, parallel, randomized, and controlled trial with a PROBE design, ...
Márquez Javier - - 2012
Glutamine/glutamate homeostasis must be exquisitely regulated in mammalian brain and glutaminase (GA, E.C. 3.5.1.2) is one of the main enzymes involved. The products of GA reaction, glutamate and ammonia, are essential metabolites for energy and biosynthetic purposes but they are also hazardous compounds at concentrations beyond their normal physiological thresholds. ...
Zhang Liguo - - 2012
DNA methylation and histone H3 Lys 9 dimethylation (H3K9me2) are important epigenetic repression marks for silencing transposons in heterochromatin and for regulating gene expression. However, the mechanistic relationship to other repressive marks, such as histone H3 Lys 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) is unclear. FERTILIZATION-INDEPENDENT ENDOSPERM1 (FIE1) encodes an Esc-like core component ...
Mansfield Aaron S - - 2012
As macrophages are some of the first cells to encounter metastatic tumor cells in sentinel lymph nodes (SLN) and natural killer (NK) cells are critical to the cytotoxicity of abnormal cells, we sought to determine if these cell populations were altered in the presence of nodal metastasis. We used immunohistochemistry ...
Knight-Madden Jennifer M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) patients with asthma have an increased risk of death. Acute chest syndrome (ACS) is a major cause of mortality in patients with SCD, and ACS may be more common in SCD patients who smoke. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that ...
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