Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2028
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Leo Silvana - - 2012
PURPOSE: Gastrointestinal cancer (GI) incidence increases with each decade of life and is the leading cause of death in patients aged >70 years. Nevertheless, elderly patients are often excluded or underrepresented in clinical trials. We performed a review of current recommendations in the management of GI elderly cancer patients. METHODS: A ...
Wang Song - - 2012
The 14-mer thrombopoietin mimetic peptide (TMP), especially in the form of dimer, displayed potent megakaryocytopoiesis activity in vitro. However, it is difficult to prepare such short peptide with high bioactivity through gene-engineering approaches. In this study, a chimeric protein containing a tandem dimer of TMP (dTMP) fused to human growth ...
Ortega Gabriel - - 2012
Protein function, structure and dynamics are intricately correlated, but studies on structure-activity relationships are still only rarely complemented by a detailed analysis of dynamics related to function (functional dynamics). Here, we have applied NMR to investigate the functional dynamics in two homologous periplasmic sugar binding proteins with bi-domain composition: E.coli ...
Hanes Jonathan M - - 2012
Spring leaf phenology in temperate climates is intricately related to numerous aspects of the lower atmosphere [e.g., surface energy balance, carbon flux, humidity, the diurnal temperature range (DTR)]. To further develop and improve the accuracy of ecosystem and climate models, additional investigations of the specific nature of the relationships between ...
Rebholz-Schuhmann Dietrich - - 2012
In response to the unbridled growth of information in literature and biomedical databases, researchers require efficient means of handling and extracting information. As well as providing background information for research, scientific publications can be processed to transform textual information into database content or complex networks and can be integrated with ...
O'Hare Peter Gregory PG - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to describe the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies among interstitial cystitis (IC) patients, patients' perception of CAM therapies' effectiveness, and the association of time since diagnosis with perceived effectiveness of these therapies. METHODS: In April 2009, the Interstitial ...
Suter Esther - - 2012
Authors have commented on the limited use of theory in the interprofessional field and its critical importance to advancing the work in this field. While social psychological and educational theories in the interprofessional field are increasingly popular, the contribution of organizational and systems theories is less well understood. This paper ...
Tagare Amit - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the morbidity and mortality in ELBW babies till discharge from a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). METHODS: This study was a prospective observational study conducted in a 40 bed well equipped level III care NICU between 01.12.2006 and 30.04.2008. All ELBW babies admitted during this period were ...
Sasaki Sei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Familial form of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is a rare hereditary disease caused by arginine vasopressin type 2 receptor (AVPR2) or water channel aquaporin 2 (AQP2) gene mutations. It is speculated that 90 % of NDI families carry disease-causing mutations in AVPR2 and 10 % carry the mutations in AQP2; however, ...
Sato Toyotaka - - 2012
Fluoroquinolone resistance is mainly caused by mutations in quinolone resistance-determining regions of DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV in Escherichia coli. The AcrAB-TolC efflux pump contributes to resistance against fluoroquinolone and other antimicrobials. In this study, we investigated a high-level mechanism of fluoroquinolone resistance in E. coli that was isolated from ...
Kawaguchi Mio - - 2012
A convenient and efficient method was established for isolating antifungal antibiotic-producing fungi from soil samples. In this method, soil samples were diluted and directly plated in agar medium by the standard fungi-isolating method, and the plates were cultured at 27 °C for 2-3 days to permit the growth of fungal colonies. ...
Idei Masahiko - - 2012
The most complete account to date of the ultrastructure of flagellate cells in diatoms is given for the sperm of Thalassiosira lacustris and Melosira moniliformis var. octogona, based on serial sections. The sperm are uniflagellate, with no trace of a second basal body, and possess a 9 + 0 axoneme. The significance ...
Wu Zhong-Shuai - - 2012
Three-dimensional graphene-based frameworks (3D-GFs) with hierarchical macro- and meso-porous structures are presented. The interconnected macropores are derived from hydrothermally assembled 3D graphene aerogels (GAs) while the mesopores are generated by the silica networks uniformly grown on the surface of graphene. The resulting 3D-GFs exhibit narrow mesopore size distribution (2~3.5 nm), ...
Ebert Martin - - 2012
The size, morphology and chemical composition of 37 715 individual particles collected over 22 sampling days in the vicinity of a large integrated steel production were studied by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Based on the morphology, chemistry and beam stability the particles were classified into the following fourteen groups: silicates, ...
Yanazume Shintaro - - 2012
A high cure rate of ovarian germ cell tumors was achieved by establishment of a cisplatin-containing regimen. We encountered a rare case of a 33-year-old, nulligravida Japanese woman with systemic thromboembolism following anti-cancer chemotherapy with cisplatin, etoposide, and bleomycin in ovarian germ cell tumor. She suffered from brain infarction, multiple ...
Figueiredo M L - - 2012
Despite the increasing concern given to air quality in urban and industrial areas in recent years, particular emphasis on regulation, control, and reduction of air pollutant emissions is still necessary to fully characterize the chain emissions-air quality-exposure-dose-health effects, for specific sources. The Estarreja region was selected as a case study ...
Koike Manabu - - 2012
The DNA repair protein Ku70 is a key player in chemoresistance to anticancer agents (e.g., etoposide) or radioresistance. The responses of different organs to radiation vary widely and likely depend on the cell population in the organs. Previously, we established and characterized Ku70-deficient murine lung epithelial (Ku70 -/- MLE) cells ...
Chatziralli Irini P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Our study aims to investigate the possible risk factors for poor vision-related quality of life in patients scheduled to undergo phacoemulsification. METHODS: Participants in our study were 220 patients who were eligible for phacoemulsification cataract surgery. All participants underwent a routine ophthalmological examination and completed the Visual Function Questionnaire-25 ...
Al-Kharazi Khalid - - 2012
Desmoplastic infantile astrocytoma (DIA) and ganglioglioma (DIG) are uncommon and generally benign intracranial tumors that typically affect infants. Unusual cases bearing aggressive clinical and malignant histological features have been described in the literature. We report a patient who was diagnosed at the age of 6 weeks with a DIA that ...
Nishizaki Naoto - - 2012
First described in Japanese patients, Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a congenital condition associated with multiple anomalies and mental retardation. Although urological and immune abnormalities are common in KS, immune complex nephritis such as membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) has not yet been reported. We describe the first reported case of a KS ...
Zhang Zhijuan - - 2012
Microporous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have attracted tremendous attention because of their versatile structures and tunable porosity that allow almost unlimited ways to improve their properties and optimize their functionality, making them very promising for a variety of important applications, especially in the adsorption and separation of small gases and hydrocarbons. ...
Oehninger Luciano - - 2012
Metal complexes with N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands have been widely used in catalytic chemistry and are now increasingly considered for the development of new chemical tools and metal based drugs. Ruthenium complexes of the type (p-cymene)(NHC)RuCl(2) interacted with biologically relevant thiols and selenols, which resulted in the inhibition of enzymes ...
Fushimi Tatsuya - - 2012
Pyrosequencing system utilizing luciferase is one of the next-generation DNA sequencing systems. However, there is a crucial problem with the current pyrosequencing system: luciferase cannot discriminate between ATP and dATP completely, and dATPαS must be used as the dATP analogue. dATPαS is expensive and has low activity for the enzyme. ...
Xu Tingting - - 2012
Individual WS(2) nanotubes (NTs) were bended and released in-situ inside a transmission electron microscope. Kinks appeared in the NTs suddenly during the bending process. Shell distortion, shell breaking and rotation of broken shells were observed in these kinks. Spontaneous self-healing and focused electron beam-assisted healing of the structure were observed ...
Zysk John R - - 2012
The positive allosteric modulator (PAM) binding site for metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu(5) ) lacks a readily available radio-labeled tracer for detailed structure-activity studies. This communication describes a selective mGlu(5) compound, 7-methyl-2-(4-(pyridin-2-yloxy)benzyl)-5-(pyridin-3-yl)isoindolin-1-one (PBPyl) that binds with high affinity to human mGlu(5) and exhibits functional PAM activity. Analysis of PBPyl ...
Osborne Thomas H - - 2012
Polaromonas sp. str. GM1 is an aerobic, psychrotolerant, heterotrophic member of the Betaproteobacteria and is the only isolate capable of oxidising arsenite at temperatures below 10 °C. Sequencing of the aio gene cluster in GM1 revealed the presence of the aioB and aioA genes, which encode the arsenite oxidase but ...
Curran Thomas - - 2012
Abstract Research indicates that obsessive and harmonious passion can explain variability in burnout through various mediating processes (e.g., Vallerand, Paquet, Phillippe, & Charest, 2010). The current study extended previous research (Curran, Appleton, Hill, & Hall, 2011; Gustafsson, Hassmén, & Hassmén, 2011) by testing a model in which the effects of ...
VÄ›trovský Tomáš - - 2012
Production of the lignocellulose-degrading enzymes endo-1,4-β-glucanase, 1,4-β-glucosidase, cellobiohydrolase, endo-1,4-β-xylanase, 1,4-β-xylosidase, Mn peroxidase, and laccase was characterized in a common wood-rotting fungus Fomes fomentarius, a species able to efficiently decompose dead wood, and compared to the production in eight other fungal species. The main aim of this study was to characterize ...
Osmonov D K - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: We examined the quantity and localization of pelvic lymph node (LN) metastases in patients undergoing extended pelvic lymphadenectomy (ePLND). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 174 patients with intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer underwent radical prostatectomy (RP) and ePLND. We analyzed the relationship between the number of LNs removed ...
Valatas V - - 2012
De novo differentiation of CD4(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (induced (i) Tregs) occurs preferentially in the gut-associated lymphoid tissues (GALT). We addressed the contribution of background genetic factors in affecting the balance of iTreg, T helper type 1 (Th1), and Th17 cell differentiation in GALT in vivo following the transfer of ...
Braithwaite Susan S - - 2012
Hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, preexisting diabetes, and glycemic variability each may affect hospital outcomes. Observational findings derived from randomized trials or retrospective studies suggest that independent of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, a relationship exists between variability and hospital outcomes. A review of studies conducted in diverse hospital populations is reported here, showing a ...
Fombong Ayuka T - - 2012
Oplostomus haroldi Witte belongs to a unique genus of afro-tropical scarabs that have associations with honey bee colonies, from which they derive vital nutrients. Although the attributes of the honey bee nest impose barriers to communication among nest invaders, this beetle still is able to detect conspecific mates for reproduction. ...
Amemiya Nobuyuki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder is a regular complication seen in hemodialysis patients and leads to substantial increases in the fracture rate, morbidity, and mortality. Discovered a few years ago, several clinical studies have shown a negative correlation between adiponectin and bone mineral density (BMD) independently of confounding ...
Ansari Daniel - - 2012
Abstract Malignancies of the hepato-pancreatico-biliary (HPB) system are relatively common and generally characterized by a dismal prognosis. Positron emission tomography (PET) is a functional imaging technique that has emerged as an important modality in oncological decision-making. The principal radiopharmaceutical in PET imaging is the glucose analog (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose, which is able ...
Abbott Erika P - - 2012
The red yeasts of the Pucciniomycotina have rarely been transformed with DNA molecules. Transformation methods were recently developed for a species of Sporobolomyces, based on selection using uracil auxotrophs and plasmids carrying the wild-type copies of the URA3 and URA5 genes. However, these plasmids were ineffective in the transformation of ...
Jones G - - 2012
The aim of this birth cohort study was to determine whether early life factors (birth weight, breastfeeding, and maternal smoking) were associated with bone mass and fractures in 16-year-old adolescents. The results suggest that breastfeeding is associated with higher bone mass and lower fracture risk at age 16 but not in ...
Cheung Chi Shing Calvin - - 2012
Thermal comfort is a major issue in cities and it is expected to change in the future due to the changing climate. The objective of this paper is to use the universal thermal comfort index (UTCI) to compare the outdoor thermal comfort in Hong Kong in the past (1971-2000) and ...
Prasad Devkota Hari - - 2012
Two new C-methyl flavonoids, diplomorphanins A (1) and B (2) were isolated from the aerial parts of Diplomorpha canescens (Meisn.) C. A. Meyer along with a known compound, farrerol 7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (3). Structures of these compounds were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data.
Luchting B - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND METHOD: Surgical infection remains a main cause of death after heart surgery, despite advances in pharmacological therapy. Daptomycin is a cyclic lipopeptide antibiotic, useful in gram-positive organisms resistant to standard treatment, including vancomycin. The aim of this study was to describe the use of daptomycin regarding efficacy, efficiency ...
Hall Pippa - - 2012
In this article, we illustrate the application of a number of theoretical frameworks we have used to guide our work in interprofessional education (IPE) and collaborative interprofessional care (IPC). Although we do not claim to be experts in any one of these theories, each has offered important insights that have ...
Bull Steven D - - 2012
Boronic acids can interact with Lewis bases to generate boronate anions, and they can also bind with diol units to form cyclic boronate esters. Boronic acid based receptor designs originated when Lorand and Edwards used the pH drop observed upon the addition of saccharides to boronic acids to determine their ...
Komiyama Hiroto - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Grafting bone between the tendon graft and the bone tunnel in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction increases the mechanical strength of the tendon graft. However, the biological role of the bone graft is unclear. The purpose of this research was to elucidate the role of bone graft cells after autologous ...
Mariano-Goulart Denis - - 2012
PURPOSE: A higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs) in HIV-infected patients, together with chronic infection and treatments, has resulted in an increased risk of silent myocardial ischaemia (SMI). The objective of this study was to evaluate whether myocardial SPECT should be used for screening HIV-infected patients with no clinical ...
Kumar Shukla Sudhir - - 2012
The dominant role of biofilm-associated protein (Bap) in Staphylococcus aureus biofilm development prompted us to investigate Bap as a potential target for proteinase-mediated biofilm dispersion. Biofilm assay in microtitre plates showed that proteinase K hampered the early adhesion of cells as well as biofilm development. Proteinase K treatment of 24- ...
Fukuda Tetsuya - - 2012
A germylyne complex Cp*(CO)(2)W[triple bond, length as m-dash]GeC(SiMe(3))(3) () reacted with alcohols to give simple nucleophilic addition products, while reacted with two molecules of arylaldehydes consecutively to give base-stabilised alkoxy(germylene) complexes via C-H bond activation and hydrogermylation.
Bull James A - - 2012
The first preparation of iodoaziridines is described. The addition of diiodomethyllithium to N-Boc-imines affords these novel aziridines in high yields. The reaction proceeds in one-pot via a highly diastereoselective cyclisation of an amino gem-diiodide intermediate.
Sheng Y H - - 2012
The MUC1 cell-surface mucin is highly expressed on the gastric mucosal surface, while MUC13 is highly expressed on the intestinal mucosal surface. Polymorphisms in both MUC1 and MUC13 have been linked to inflammatory bowel diseases. MUC1 can act as a decoy molecule on the apical cell surface of epithelial cells ...
Wu Bao-Jin - - 2012
Recently, it was reported that soluble MICB (sMICB) may impair tumor immunogenicity by reducing natural killer group 2D ligand densities on malignant cells. The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of sMICB in melanoma patients. In the present study, we determined sMICB serum concentration in 125 melanoma ...
Maier D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Open transosseous rotator cuff reconstruction (RCR) still plays a prominent role in current treatment of rotator cuff tears. This study aimed to examine mid-term and long-term results of clinical outcome, determine influencing factors and analyze complications. PATIENTS: This retrospective cohort study included 104 Patients following standardized open transosseous RCR. After ...
Gui Songbai - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the endoscopic treatment of cerebral hemisphere convexity arachnoid cyst. METHODS: Eight cases of hemisphere convexity arachnoid cyst treated with cyst-ventricular or cisternal endoscopic approach in September 2007 to March 2011 were retrospectively recruited. The clinical symptoms, radiological findings, surgical indications, surgical ...
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