Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2028
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Qiu Huibin - - 2012
Poly(cobaltoceniumethylene), a water-soluble cationic metal-containing polyelectrolyte, adopts a chiral structure when bound electrostatically to DNA.
Lee Yu-Ji - - 2012
Aims: The aim of the present study was to investigate the interaction of nutritional status, N-terminal probrain-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and ventricular remodeling in hemodialysis patients. Methods: NT-proBNP was measured by immunoassay. Nutritional status was assessed using the subjective global assessment (SGA) and malnutrition-inflammation score (MIS). Transthoracic echocardiographic examinations were ...
Babchishin Kelly M - - 2012
The current study presents a quantitative review of the discriminative and convergent validity of Implicit Association Test (IAT) measures adapted to assess sexual interest in children. IAT measures were able to distinguish sex offenders against children (SOC) from non-SOC (M weighted d from random-effects = 0.63, 95 % CI [0.42-0.83], N = 707, k = 12). The ...
Liu Zi-Chao - - 2012
Centipedes have venom glands in their first pair of limbs and their venoms contain a large number of components with different biochemical and pharmacological properties. However, information about the compositions and functions of their venoms is largely unknown. In this study, Scolopendra subspinipes dehaani venoms were systematically investigated by transcriptomic ...
Harmanli Oz - - 2012
The guidelines recently updated by the American Urological Association for the evaluation of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria (AMH) are based on data derived predominantly from men. They cannot be reliably applied to females as the epidemiology of AMH is gender dependent. The research on women in this area has been limited. ...
Lopes Taís S - - 2012
Summary The study objective was to analyse the association between food insecurity and the weight and height status of adolescents from a low-income area in the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The population-based cross-sectional survey included 523 adolescents aged 12-18 years, selected by a three-stage cluster sample. Dietary ...
Di Rosa Michelino - - 2012
Chitinase 3-like protein 1 (CHI3L-1) and chitotriosidase (CHIT-1) are members of the chitinase family. CHI3L-1 is a newly recognized protein that is secreted by activated macrophages and neutrophils and expressed in a broad spectrum of inflammatory conditions and cancers. In human plasma, CHIT-1 activity has been proposed as a biochemical ...
Ying-Xiu Zhang - - 2012
Several studies have reported that physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyle are associated with being overweight and obese in children and adults. A new policy of 1-h physical activity (PA) every day was released by the Chinese government. The present study examined the role of 1-h PA every day in preventing ...
Businaro Rita - - 2012
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory process, lasting for several decades until the onset of its clinical manifestations. The progression of the atherosclerotic lesion to a stable fibrotic plaque, narrowing the vascular lumen, or to a vulnerable plaque leading to main vascular complications, is associated to the involvement of several cell ...
Volkamer Andrea - - 2012
Due to the rising number of solved protein structures, computer-based techniques for automatic protein functional annotation and classification into families are of high scientific interest. DoGSiteScorer automatically calculates global descriptors for self-predicted pockets based on the 3D structure of a protein. Protein function predictors on three levels with increasing granularity ...
Laforest Claire - - 2012
Metformin associated lactic acidosis (MALA) is a serious complication occurring especially in elderly patients given high doses of the drug. We report a non-fatal case of MALA with pronounced acidosis (pH 6.76, lactate 30.81 mmol/l) and high metformin concentrations (127 mg/l) in a patient who had developed acute renal failure ...
Do Sung-Im - - 2012
TWIST1, Slug, Snail, SIP1, and NF-κB are overexpressed in various tumors and associated with metastasis and poor prognosis. In this study, we examined their potential roles in phyllodes tumor (PT). The expression of TWIST1, Snail, Slug, SIP1, and NF-κB in benign (n = 103), borderline (n = 38), and malignant (n = 38) PTs was examined ...
Zheng Yangfan - - 2012
We have synthesized a series of novel SERMs bearing a ferrocenyl unit based on a three-dimensional oxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptene core scaffold. These compounds displayed high receptor binding affinities as well as ERα or ERβ selectivity. In cell proliferation assays, we found that these ligands were cytotoxic at micromolar concentrations in both ER-positive ...
Ruby Michael V - - 2012
Over the last 30 years, there has been extensive research designed to quantify the extent of oral bioavailability and bioaccessibility of organic and inorganic contaminants in soil. One aspect of this research is the soil particle size selected to represent environmental exposures, which may affect study results and comparability across ...
Paris Clément - - 2012
siRNAs are usually formulated with cationic polymers or lipids to form supramolecular particles capable of binding and crossing the negatively charged cell membrane. However, particles hardly diffuse through tissues when administered in vivo. We therefore are developing cationic siRNAs, composed of an antisense sequence annealed to an oligophosphospermine-conjugated sense strand. ...
Caskey Robert C - - 2012
Fetal wounds have been found to have increased levels of high-molecular-weight hyaluronan (HMW-HA) compared with those of adults. The primary enzyme responsible for producing HMW-HA is hyaluronic acid synthase-1 (HAS-1). We hypothesized that over-expression of HAS-1 in adult dermal wounds would decrease inflammation and promote regenerative healing. To test this ...
Guo Tao - - 2012
In this work, one dimensional (1D) Ag-Au solid solution nanoalloys were synthesized by rapidly diffusing Ag into the preformed Au nanorod (AuNR) seeds at ambient temperature in aqueous solution. By varying the molar ratio of AgCl/AuNR (in gold atoms), two kinds of 1D Ag-Au alloy nanostructures with a narrow size ...
Hur Jin - - 2012
Escherichia coli strains were isolated from the feces of 130 diarrheic calves at different farms locations in Korea. The presence of the virulence genes, such as fanC, f41, f17a, eaeA, clpG, afa-8D, sta, stx1 and stx2, in each E. coli isolate was examined. Among the 314 isolates, 157 carried one ...
Veerakul Gumpanart - - 2012
Two decades ago, a series of 8 idiopathic ventricular fibrillation patients who each had an abnormal ECG (right bundle branch block with coved-type ECG), but otherwise had normal hearts were described by Brugada and Brugada. Since then, the clinical entity has become known as Brugada syndrome (BS). Shortly thereafter, mutations ...
Coupaye Muriel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Malabsorptive surgical procedures lead to deficiencies in fat-soluble vitamins. However, results concerning serum vitamin D (25OHD) after gastric bypass (GBP) are controversial. The aim of the study was to assess the influence of GBP on 25OHD and calcium metabolism. METHODS: Parameters of calcium metabolism were evaluated in 202 obese ...
Böhmer D - - 2012
The incidence of advanced prostate cancer has decreased since the introduction of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) measurements. The treatment of these patients remains a challenge due to the bad prognosis and continues to be controversially discussed. The article discusses the questions concerning radiotherapy including pelvic lymph nodes as well as an ...
Zhang Lei - - 2012
A novel hexanuclear {Mn(6)} coordination complex with octahedral topology has been prepared and was subsequently used as a building unit for the construction of coordination polymers and metal-organic gels; the latter exhibit thixotropic behavior and reversible sol-gel phase transitions.
Dani Carlo - - 2012
We carried out a survey of current practices of neonatal respiratory support in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Italy with the aim of comparing the current reality with evidence from the literature. We sent a questionnaire by email to the 103 level III neonatal units in Italy. There was ...
Matsumoto Takumi - - 2012
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists have brought about a significant advancement in treatment for autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Crohn's disease; however, they are accompanied with a risk of severe adverse effects. We report the case of a 68-year-old female with a 33-year history of RA that ...
Nieman David C - - 2012
Red pepper spice (RP) and turmeric (TM) are used as flavorings in foods and for medicinal purposes. Utilizing a randomized, doubled-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover design (2-week washout), 4-week supplementation with RP (1 g/d) or TM (2.8 g/d) was tested for influences on inflammation and oxidative stress in 62 overweight/obese (body mass index ≥ 27 kg/m(2)) females ...
Kashiwazaki Daina - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Previous reports have suggested that endovascular parent artery occlusion is an effective and safe procedure for the treatment of vertebral artery dissection (VAD). However, the results of long-term outcomes are still unclear. This study reviewed the clinical and imaging outcomes of patients with VAD treated by endovascular internal trapping. ...
Flores Edgar - - 2012
The development and operation of a highly accurate primary gas facility for the dynamic production of mixtures of nitrogen dioxide in nitrogen based on continuous weighing of a permeation tube and accurate impurity quantification and correction of the gas mixtures using FT-IR is described. Nitrogen dioxide gas mixtures in the ...
Gühring T - - 2012
Minimally invasive percutaneous instrumentations are increasingly being used for stabilization of thoracolumbar fractures, mainly due to the advantages of reduced soft tissue damage. While percutaneous instrumentation can be generally used in less displaced fractures, it remains controversial whether such techniques should also be performed in patients with severe fracture dislocation. ...
Xing Siyuan - - 2012
In recent years, micropatterning techniques have gained increasing popularity from a broad range of engineering and biology communities for the promise to establish highly quantitative investigations on miniature biological objects (e.g., cells and bacteria) with spatially defined microenvironments. However, majority of the existing techniques rely on cleanroom-based microfabrication and cannot ...
Wang Chao - - 2012
Orthodontic treatments not only displace irregular teeth but also induce responses in surrounding bone tissues. Bone remodelling is regarded as the regulatory mechanism triggered by mechanical loading. This study was aimed at investigating the effect of orthodontic loading on both tooth movement and neighbouring bone density distribution. A set of ...
Angelov Borislav - - 2012
Studies of nonequilibrium lipid polymorphism at the nanoscale contribute to the in-depth understanding of the structural pathways for formation of aqueous channels and emerging of channels-network ordering in liquid-crystalline (LC) nanovehicles. We present experimental structural evidence for the smallest tetrahedral-type lipid membrane aggregate, which involves completely formed nanochannels and occurs ...
Ruffing T - - 2012
We report the case of a 12-year-old boy with a calcaneal fracture due to a simple supination trauma. As magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a non-displaced extra-articular fracture no surgical treatment was necessary. A conservative therapy using calcaneal fracture orthosis with full weight bearing was carried out. Using this procedure ...
Surana Sikander P - - 2012
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) carries a significant risk for sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), hospitalization and mortality. We present a case of a vintage hemodialysis patient who had a catastrophic event during his hemodialysis treatment - a sudden cardiac arrest. This case raises several important issues: First, patients with chronic kidney ...
Spelten O - - 2012
Severe burns due to electrical accidents occur rarely in Germany but represent a challenge for emergency physicians and their team. Apart from extensive burns cardiac arrhythmia, neurological damage caused by electric current and osseous injury corresponding to the trauma mechanism are also common. It is important to perform a survey ...
Sakurada Takumi - - 2012
Nifedipine is unstable under light and decomposes to a stable nitroso analog, nitrosonifedipine (NO-NIF). The ability of NO-NIF to block calcium channels is quite weak compared with that of nifedipine. Recently, we have demonstrated that NO-NIF reacts with unsaturated fatty acid leading to generate NO-NIF radical, which acquires radical scavenging ...
Surguchov Andrei - - 2012
The synuclein family consists of three distinct highly homologous genes, α-synuclein, β-synuclein, and γ-synuclein, which have so far been found only in vertebrates. Proteins encoded by these genes are characterized by an acidic C-terminal region and five or six imperfect repeat motifs (KTKEGV) distributed throughout the highly conserved N-terminal region. ...
Bauer Daniel - - 2012
The nests of European honeybees (Apis mellifera) are organised into wax combs that contain many cells with a hexagonal structure. Many previous studies on comb-building behaviour have been made in order to understand how bees produce this geometrical structure; however, it still remains a mystery. Direct construction of hexagons by ...
Wang Yanping - - 2012
Cerebral infarct is a common disease of older adults, which could increase the risk for cognitive impairment and dementia. Electroencephalogram (EEG) characteristics were analyzed to investigate the applied value in the assessment of cognitive impairment of the cerebral infarct patients. One hundred ten subjects with cerebral infarcts (including 65 cases ...
Legaz-García María Del Carmen - - 2012
Genome sequencing projects generate vast amounts of data of a wide variety of types and complexities, and at a growing pace. Traditionally, the annotation of such sequences was difficult to share with other researchers. Despite the fact that this has improved with the development and application of biological ontologies, such ...
Feng Chun - - 2012
Aim:  A tubal ectopic pregnancy (EP) in the first trimester remains a major life-threatening complication for the mother. We aim to determine whether serum reproductive hormones may be clinically useful in the early identification of a tubal EP. Methods:  A total of 109 age-matched patients with a serum β-human chorionic ...
Gunta Sujana S - - 2012
There is a rapid increase worldwide in the prevalence of obesity in adults and children. Obesity is not only a comorbidity for chronic kidney disease (CKD) but may also be a risk factor for CKD. Epidemiological correlations and pathophysiological changes have been observed associating obesity with CKD. Low birth weight ...
Vesterdal Lise K - - 2012
Abstract This study compared the oxidative stress level and vasomotor dysfunction after exposure to urban dust, diesel exhaust particles (DEP) or single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT). DEP and SWCNT increased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cultured endothelial cells and acellullarly, whereas the exposure to urban dust did not ...
Mercey Guillaume - - 2012
Pyridinium and bis-piridinium aldoximes are used, as antidotes, to reactivate acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibited by organophosphorus nerve agents. Herein, we described a series of nine non quaternary phenyl-tetrahydroisoquinoline-pyridinaldoxime conjugates more efficient than, or as efficient as pyridinium oximes to reactivate VX-, tabun- and ethyl paraoxon-inhibited human AChE. This study explores the ...
Chen Nelson K F - - 2012
Diabetes mellitus is characterized by chronic inflammation and increased risk of infections, particularly of tissues exposed to the external environment. However, the causal molecular mechanisms that affect immune cells and their functions in diabetes are unclear. Here we show, by transcript and protein analyses, signatures of glucose-induced tissue damage, chronic ...
Jung Wooseok - - 2012
A new micro blood sampling system has been designed, fabricated, and characterized to reduce iatrogenic blood loss from the catheterized neonates and pediatrics in intensive care unit by providing micro-volume of blood to analytical biomedical microdevices which can do point-of-care testing for their critical care. The system can not only ...
Artner J - - 2012
Because of its biopsychosocial factors chronic back pain is often resistant to unimodal therapy regimes. Multimodal pain programs are a promising therapy option in the management of chronic pain as they focus on functional restoration. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of psychopathology in patients with ...
Deans Zandra - - 2012
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) was first performed over 20 years ago and has become an accepted part of genetic testing and assisted reproduction worldwide. The techniques and protocols necessary to carry out genetic testing at the single-cell level can be difficult to master and have been developed independently by the ...
González-Lluch Carmen - - 2012
Many studies have investigated the effect of different parameters of the endodontically restored tooth on its final strength, using in vitro tests and model simulations. However, the differences in the experimental set-up or modelling conditions and the limited number of parameters studied in each case prevent us from obtaining clear ...
Penrad-Mobayed May - - 2012
Subterminal lampbrush loops of one of the 12 bivalents of the oocyte karyotype of Pleurodeles waltl (Amphibian, Urodele) underwent prominent morphological changes upon in vitro culture. These loops exhibited a fine ribonucleoprotein (RNP) granular matrix, which evolved during culture into huge structures that we have named 'chaussons' (slippers). This phenomenon ...
Leo Silvana - - 2012
PURPOSE: Gastrointestinal cancer (GI) incidence increases with each decade of life and is the leading cause of death in patients aged >70 years. Nevertheless, elderly patients are often excluded or underrepresented in clinical trials. We performed a review of current recommendations in the management of GI elderly cancer patients. METHODS: A ...
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