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Results 451 - 500 of 2032
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Conibear Anne C - - 2012
The θ-defensins are, to date, the only known ribosomally-synthesised cyclic peptides in mammals and they have promising antimicrobial bioactivities. The characteristic structural motif of the θ-defensins is the cyclic cystine ladder, comprising a cyclic peptide backbone and three parallel disulfide bonds. In contrast to the cyclic cystine knot, which characterises ...
Uhlemann Madlen - - 2012
Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding molecules regulating gene expression. Recently circulating miRNAs could be detected in the plasma, serving as novel biomarkers. Different forms of exercise mobilize progenitor cells from the bone marrow, helping in tissue repair. Data of different forms of exercise on endothelial cell damage are lacking. ...
Mai Yosuke - - 2012
Nicotine- and tar-free cigarette smoke extract (CSE) is reported to induce cell damage via activation of protein kinase C (PKC) and NADPH oxidase (NOX) in rat C6 glioma cells. Here we determined PKC isozyme(s) activated by CSE and their activation mechanism. In C6 glioma cells, mRNAs for PKCα, PKCδ, PKCε, ...
Singh Jagdeep K - - 2012
PURPOSE: Breast cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) are an important therapeutic target as they are predicted to be responsible for tumour initiation, maintenance and metastases. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is upregulated in breast cancer and associated with poor prognosis. Breast cancer cell line studies indicate that IL-8 via its cognate receptors, CXCR1 and ...
Whitehead Terence R - - 2012
Management practices from large-scale swine production facilities have resulted in the increased collection and storage of manure for off-season fertilization use. Odor and emissions produced during storage have increased the tension among rural neighbors and among urban and rural residents. Production of these compounds from stored manure is the result ...
Thongsri Yordhathai - - 2012
AIMS: Screening of bacterial flora for strains producing metabolites with inhibitory effects on the human pathogenic oomycete Pythium insidiosum. Separation and characterization of extracts from Pseudomonas stutzeri with anti-Pythium inhibitory activity. Search for genes with anti-Pythium effect within the genome of P. stutzeri. METHODS: A total of 88 bacterial strains ...
Gerbeth Kathleen - - 2012
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug intake is associated with a high prevalence of gastrointestinal side effects, and severe cardiovascular adverse reactions challenged the initial enthusiasm in cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors. Recently, it was shown that myrtucommulone, the active ingredient of the Mediterranean shrub Myrtus communis, dually and potently inhibits microsomal prostaglandin E2 synthase-1 and ...
Hälvin Kristel - - 2012
The application of LC/MS-TOF method combined with stable isotope dilution assay was studied for determination of thiamine, riboflavin, nicotinamide, nicotinic acid, pantothenic acid, pyridoxal, and pyridoxine in food. Nutritional yeast powder was used as a model food matrix. Acid extraction was compared with various enzymatic treatments in ammonium formate buffer ...
Hua Xiaoyang X Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 8033 Burnett-Womack, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7219, - - 2013
Mast cell activation results in the immediate release of proinflammatory mediators prestored in cytoplasmic granules, as well as initiation of lipid mediator production and cytokine synthesis by these resident tissue leukocytes. Allergen-induced mast cell activation is central to the pathogenesis of asthma and other allergic diseases. Presently, most pharmacological agents ...
Zhang Aihua - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the commonest primary hepatic malignancy and the third most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Incidence remains highest in the developing world and is steadily increasing across the developed world. Current diagnostic modalities, of ultrasound and α-fetoprotein, are expensive and lack sensitivity in tumour detection. Because ...
Rogala Jacek - - 2012
The role of cortical feedback in the thalamocortical processing loop has been extensively investigated over the last decades. With an exception of several cases, these searches focused on the cortical feedback exerted onto thalamo-cortical relay (TC) cells of the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN). In a previous, physiological study, we ...
Millogo Athanase - - 2012
Purpose:  To estimate the lifetime prevalence of neurocysticercosis (NCC)-associated epilepsy and the proportion of NCC among people with epilepsy in three Burkina Faso villages. Methods:  Three villages were selected to represent three types of pig-rearing methods: (1) Batondo, where pigs are left to roam; (2) Pabré, where pigs are mostly ...
Tungen Jørn E - - 2012
Asymmetric iodolactonization of γ- and δ-unsaturated carboxylic acids has been explored in the presence of six different chiral organocatalysts 5-8. The catalyst 6b was found to facilitate the cyclization of 5-arylhex-5-enoic acids 1 to the corresponding iodolactones 2 with up to 96% ee. By this protocol, unsaturated carboxylic acids are ...
Huber Sabrina M - - 2012
Palladium-catalyzed hydrogenation of an octahedral zinc trans-ditriflate hemiporphyrazine "HpH(2)Zn(OTf)(2)" furnishes a new macrocycle "HpH(6)Zn(OTf)(2)". This reaction is fully reversible upon heating in nitrobenzene, and the conversion is easily monitored by changes in color and fluorescence properties. The reversible cycling between these molecules may find future applications in hemiporphyrazine-based catalysts and/or ...
Ybañez Adrian Patalinghug - - 2012
Anaplasma marginale is an etiologic agent of bovine anaplasmosis. This study aimed to molecularly detect and characterize A. marginale that is prevalent in Mongolian cattle populations. A highly specific and sensitive nested PCR (nPCR) method based on the Msp5 gene was developed to detect A. marginale (Msp5 nPCR). The method ...
Marimon Maria Paula C - - 2012
High fluoride concentrations (up to 11 mg/L) have been reported in the groundwater of the Guarani Aquifer System (Santa Maria Formation) in the central region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil. In this area, dental fluorosis is an endemic disease. This paper presents the geochemical data and ...
Jia Jin-Liang - - 2012
Nearly monodisperse Au nanorods (NRs) with different aspect ratios were separated from home-synthesized polydisperse samples using a gradient centrifugation method. The morphology, size and its distribution, and photo-absorption property were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy and UV-visible spectroscopy. Subsequently, using colloidal Au NRs (36.2 nm ×10.7 nm) with 97.4% ...
Parish Leslie D - - 2012
A 31-year-old man presented with acute left hemiplegia. History revealed a tuberculous pneumonia partially treated 10 months before, and headache and left leg jerks occurring recently. Upon examination, he was drowsy, with rightward gaze and head deviation and left hemiplegia. MRI showed an infarct on the right anterior and middle ...
Levy Ophir - - 2012
Carbyne radicals: Reactions of trihaloalkyl compounds with Cr(2+) or V(2+) in aqueous solutions yield alkynes and other products. Stepwise halogen abstractions from the trihaloalkyls form alkyl carbyne triradicals in solution. These radicals undergo coupling reaction producing triply bonded alkyne molecules. This process is not metal-assisted and does not occur in ...
Gunderson Leonard L LL Mayo Clinic Arizona, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, USA. - - 2012
On initial publication of GI Intergroup Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 98-11 [A Phase III Randomized Study of 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU), Mitomycin, and Radiotherapy Versus 5-Fluorouracil, Cisplatin and Radiotherapy in Carcinoma of the Anal Canal], concurrent chemoradiation (CCR) with fluorouracil (FU) plus mitomycin (MMC) decreased colostomy failure (CF) when compared with ...
Isaacs John T JT Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins, The Johns Hopkins University, 1650 Orleans St., Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. - - 2013
Tasquinimod is an orally active antiangiogenic drug that is currently in phase III clinical trials for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer. However, the target of this drug has remained unclear. In this study, we applied diverse strategies to identify the histone deacetylase HDAC4 as a target for the antiangiogenic ...
Monjardino Teresa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To quantify short- and long-term associations between dietary patterns defined a priori and bone mineral density (BMD) during adolescence. DESIGN: Dietary patterns were defined at 13 years old using a Mediterranean diet (MD) quality index, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet index and the Oslo Health Study ...
Collier Barbara - - 2012
Human rights legislation and anti-discrimination and accessibility laws exist in many countries and through international conventions and treaties. To varying degrees, these laws protect the rights of people with disabilities to full and equal access to goods and services. Yet, the accessibility requirements of people with complex communication needs (CCN) ...
Lu Dylan - - 2012
The resolution of conventional optical lens systems is always hampered by the diffraction limit. Recent developments in artificial metamaterials provide new avenues to build hyperlenses and metalenses that are able to image beyond the diffraction limit. Hyperlenses project super-resolution information to the far field through a magnification mechanism, whereas metalenses ...
Schneider Robert H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: =0.025). The TM group also showed a 24% risk reduction in the secondary end point (hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% confidence interval, 0.51-0.1.13; P=0.17). There were reductions of 4.9 mm Hg in systolic blood pressure (95% confidence interval -8.3 to -1.5 mm Hg; P=0.01) and anger expression (P<0.05 for all ...
Shum Michaël M Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Faculté de médecine et des sciences de la santé, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, - - 2013
This study was aimed at establishing whether specific activation of angiotensin II (ANG II) type 2 receptor (AT2R) modulates adipocyte differentiation and function. In primary cultures of subcutaneous (SC) and retroperitoneal (RET) preadipocytes, both AT2R and AT1R were expressed at the mRNA and protein level. Cells were stimulated with ANG ...
Liebenberg A - - 2012
The complete genome of the German isolate AC of Apple stem grooving virus (ASGV) was sequenced. It encodes two overlapping open reading frames (ORFs), similarly to previously described ASGV isolates. Two regions of high variability were detected between the ASGV isolates, variable region 1 (V1, from amino acids (aa) 532 ...
Urwin Heidi J - - 2012
Breast milk fatty acid composition may be affected by the maternal diet during gestation and lactation. The influence of dietary and breast milk fatty acids on breast milk immune factors is poorly defined. We determined the fatty acid composition and immune factor concentrations of breast milk from women residing in ...
Phillips Jonathan J - - 2012
Single-protein-chain superhelical filaments are obtained from monomeric repeat proteins by controlling the chemistry and solvent exposure at their terminal interfaces. The assembly was achieved in aqueous solution, at neutral pH value, and at room temperature. The building block was a recombinantly engineered designed tetratricopeptide repeat protein. Directed head-to-tail self-assembly was ...
Ochoa Maria C - - 2012
Interleukin 15 (IL-15) effects on CD8 T and NK lymphocytes hold promise to treat cancer. Fusion proteins have been engineered to provide IL-15 receptor alpha (IL-15Rα) mediated trans-presentation to lymphocytes and extend the plasma half-life of the cytokine. In this study, we report on a triple fusion protein combining apolipoprotein ...
Douiri Abdel A Division of Health and Social Care Research, King's College London, Capital House, 42 Weston St, London SE1 3QD, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Stroke is a common long-term condition with an increasing incidence as the population ages. This study evaluates temporal changes in the prevalence of cognitive impairment after first-ever stroke stratified by sociodemography, vascular risk factors, and stroke subtypes, up to 15 years after stroke. Data were collected between 1995 and 2010 ...
Shi Jinhong - - 2012
Lhx8, also named L3, is a recently identified member of the LIM homeobox gene family. Previously, we found acetylcholinesterase (AChE)-positive cells in fimbria-fornix (FF) transected rat hippocampal subgranular zone (SGZ). In the present study, we detected choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)-positive cholinergic cells in hippocampal SGZ after FF transaction, and these ChAT-positive ...
Kannengiesser Klaus - - 2012
Abstract Background. Although endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has improved the diagnostic of potential malignancies, gastric lesions with suspicion of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) or benign lesions like lipoma or leiomyoma can often not be accurately differentiated by EUS, therefore, requiring tissue sampling with the risk of bleeding complications especially in GIST. ...
Chaker Seham - - 2012
Background: Currently there are no protein biomarkers for aggressive subtypes of thyroid carcinomas (TC) in clinical use that would allow for early detection and patient management. We hypothesized that activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM or CD166) expression in thyroid tissues will reveal ALCAM to be a potential diagnostic and/or ...
Chandratre Priyanka - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Gout is the commonest inflammatory arthritis affecting around 1.4% of adults in Europe. It is predominantly managed in primary care and classically affects the joints of the foot, particularly the first metatarsophalangeal joint. Gout related factors (including disease characteristics and treatment) as well as comorbid chronic disease are ...
Laine Marc - - 2012
Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel dramatically reduced the rate of major adverse cardiac events following percutaneous coronary intervention. Clopidogrel is a prodrug which requires a two-step hepatic biotransformation thanks to the cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzyme system. Genetic polymorphism of CYP450 system (e.g., CYP2C19*2) responsible for altered clopidogrel metabolism ...
Guo Mian - - 2012
Different metalloporphyrin model compounds have been synthesized to study the mechanisms of cytochrome P450s with various terminal oxidants, and numerous intermediates have been reported. However, the detailed mechanism of the oxygen atom transfer from iodosylarene to the substrates remains unclear. Here we report the direct ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic observation of the ...
Dusetzina Stacie B SB Division of General Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 5034 Old Clinic Building, CB# 7110, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2013
Nearly a decade ago, researchers identified a potential interaction between tamoxifen and strong CYP2D6 inhibitors, including several frequently used antidepressants. Based on evidence available at that time, a United States Food and Drug Administration advisory committee recommended tamoxifen's label be changed in October 2006, noting that postmenopausal women with estrogen ...
Klimstra Theo A - - 2012
Adolescence and young adulthood are characterized by important changes in personality, changes toward a more stable identity, and the establishment of intimate relationships. We examined the role of personality traits in establishing intimate relationships, the interplay between personality traits and interpersonal identity processes during these relationships, and the role of ...
Koopman Werner J H WJ Department of Biochemistry, Nijmegen Centre for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) sustains organelle function and plays a central role in cellular energy metabolism. The OXPHOS system consists of 5 multisubunit complexes (CI-CV) that are built up of 92 different structural proteins encoded by the nuclear (nDNA) and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Biogenesis of a functional OXPHOS system further ...
Powell David R - - 2012
Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) is the major, and SGLT1 the minor, transporter responsible for renal glucose reabsorption. Increasing urinary glucose excretion (UGE) by selectively inhibiting SGLT2 improves glycemic control in diabetic patients. We generated Sglt1 and Sglt2 knockout (KO) mice, Sglt1/Sglt2 double KO (DKO) mice, and wildtype (WT) littermates to ...
Yoshikawa Tadanobu - - 2012
Peripapillary and macular retinoschisis are usually associated with optic disc pits. We report a rare case of peripapillary retinoschisis with optic disc hypoplasia. A 59-year-old woman presented with asthenopia. Her best-corrected visual acuity was 20/20 OD. Ophthalmoscopy of the right eye revealed peripapillary retinoschisis, optic disc hypoplasia and dilated and ...
Asemi Zatollah - - 2012
Although gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with an increased risk of maternal and neonatal morbidity, there is no consensus as to the optimal approach of nutritional management in these patients. The present study was designed to assess the effect of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan ...
Cattaneo Zaira - - 2012
Visual stimuli that exhibit vertical symmetry are easier to remember than stimuli symmetric along other axes, an advantage that extends to the haptic modality as well. Critically, the vertical symmetry memory advantage has not been found in early blind individuals, despite their overall superior memory, as compared with sighted individuals, ...
Iervolino Vincenzo - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Radiotherapy, alone or in combination with chemotherapy and/or surgery, is a fundamental and irreplaceable method of treating tumours. Nonetheless, although the technological advances made during recent years and the associated improvements in this type of treatment have reduced the incidence of complications, 5-15 % of patients still experience damage to ...
Jagtap Krishna K - - 2012
Bodipy laser dyes are highly efficient but degrade rapidly in solution by reacting with in situ generated singlet oxygen ((1) O(2) ). To increase the lasing lifetimes of these dyes, we have designed and synthesised two different congeners of the widely studied Pyrromethene 567 (PM567) by substitution at the boron centre ...
Batabyal Subrata - - 2012
We investigate picosecond-resolved energy transfer between a quantum dot (donor) and an organic molecule (acceptor) in the proximity of a reflecting metallic/non-metallic surface. We demonstrate experimentally that the Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) is significantly influenced by the proximity of the mirror. Locating a cadmium selenide quantum dot (donor: D) ...
Shankar Lalitha K - - 2012
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has a long-standing interest in evaluating and using the known advantages of molecular and functional imaging, as well as assessing the potential of novel imaging agents and modalities, to improve clinical cancer research and cancer care. In this Perspectives article, I discuss the strategies and ...
Singh Bharti - - 2012
With the objective of understanding the role of size and current level of filamentary regions on the resistive switching parameters, detailed conductive atomic force microscope investigations of resistive memory cells having different dimensions have been carried out in this study. Cu-Cu(2)O-Ti memory cells having dimensions of 150, 50 and 25 μm ...
Sera Nobuko - - 2012
Atomic bomb (A-bomb) radiation is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and metabolic CVD risk factors. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is also known to be a risk factor for CVD and little is known whether CKD is associated with A-bomb radiation. To examine whether CKD is associated with CVD risk factors ...
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