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Abbasi David - - 2012
: Physical examination may be inconclusive in adolescents presenting with an acute traumatic knee effusion because of pain and guarding. The purpose of this study was to describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in adolescents with traumatic knee effusions and to compare injuries based on age, sex, and physeal ...
Spiker Andrea M - - 2012
The running portion of the triathlon represents the final leg of the competition and, by some reports, the most important part in determining a triathlete's overall success. Although most triathletes spend most of their training time on cycling, running injuries are the most common injuries encountered. Common causes of running ...
D'Alessandro R - - 2012
Factors that compete to establish heart failure (HF) are not completely known. In the last years the several technological improvements allowed us to deeply study the molecular and genetic aspects of this complex syndrome. This new approach to HF based on molecular biology new discoveries shows us more clearly the ...
Nanda S - - 2012
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) occurs in 1 in every 500 individuals. It represents the most common cause of sudden cardiac death in those under the age of twenty-five. 3-5% patients with HCM go on to develop the dilated, hypokinetic end stage (ES) HCM with systolic failure. They have a higher incidence ...
Myshrall Timothy D TD Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, - - 2012
Interactions between the embryonic pial basement membrane (PBM) and radial glia (RG) are essential for morphogenesis of the cerebral cortex because disrupted interactions cause cobblestone malformations. To elucidate the role of dystroglycan (DG) in PBM-RG interactions, we studied the expression of DG protein and Dag1 mRNA (which encodes DG protein) ...
Aydin M - - 2012
Cardiac dyssynchrony is a well known entity in patients with wide QRS complex (>120 ms). Dyssynchrony may also cause ventricular dysfunction in heart failure patients with narrow QRS complexes. In the study, the presence and extent of cardiac dyssynchrony were investigated in patients with heart failure both with narrow and ...
Demirağ Burak - - 2012
This study aims to compare the clinical outcome and possible complications of augmentation technique and standard reconstruction for the treatment of partial anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears. Forty patients (36 males, 4 females; mean age 30 years; range 19 to 40 years) who underwent surgery due to ACL tear were ...
Miller D Joshua - - 2012
: Although flexible intramedullary nailing is a popular treatment option for femoral shaft fractures in juvenile and young adolescent patients, it may not be appropriate in some patients because of patient size and/or fracture configuration. : Retrospective review over a 3-year period identified 17 skeletally immature patients (18 fractures) with ...
Hack Jamie - - 2012
Abstract The study aimed to evaluate the phonological profiles of Chinese-English bilingual children in primary grades relative to those of English monolinguals, and to compare these profiles with speech-language pathologists' (SLPs') ratings of children's speech in terms of accent or developmental level. Participants were 29 Chinese-English bilinguals and 25 English-monolingual ...
Wang Shuangkun - - 2012
Leukoaraiosis (LA) is a common radiological finding in the elderly and may reflect cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). Although SVD has been identified as a major cause of vascular cognitive impairment or vascular dementia, the mechanisms for this association remain unclear. We therefore aimed to measure brain metabolites in LA ...
Stinson Matthew E T - - 2012
Abstract A series of dams on the Deschutes River, Oregon, act as migration barriers that segregate the river system into upper and lower basins. Proposed fish passage between basins would reunite populations of native potamodromous fish and allow anadromous fish of Deschutes River origin access to the upper basin. We ...
Atik O Sahap - - 2012
Strong evidences which indicate that tranexamic acid reduces blood loss and blood transfusion requirement in patients who are scheduled for total knee arthroplasty are available. However, dose and method of administration, safety and side effects are still controversial issues. The effect of tranexamic acid on thromboembolic events and mortality is ...
Sung Ki Hyuk - - 2012
: This study was performed to estimate the rate of angular correction after asymmetrical physeal suppression and analyze the factors that influence the rate of correction by using a linear mixed model application. : A total of 175 physes (72 distal femoral, 70 proximal tibial, and 33 distal tibial) from ...
Laird Robert H - - 2012
The Kona Ironman Triathlon is one of the most difficult endurance races in the world. The medical director of this race has summarized his experience in managing the injuries that these triathletes suffer. The heat, strong winds, and overall length of the event present unique injuries in swimming, cycling, and ...
Altıntaş Faik - - 2012
This study aims to investigate whether the usage of fondaparinux sodium may result in major hemorrhages following major orthopedic surgery. Forty-three patients (30 females and 13 males; mean age 66 years; range 34 to 94 years) at the age of >18 years who were scheduled for major orthopedic surgery were ...
Sanpera Ignacio I - - 2012
: During the last few years, the use of the 8-plate as a technique for hemiepiphysiodesis has gained wide acceptance, as it has been shown that it works in a more physiological way than other methods such as staples or transphyseal screws. It has mechanically been compared with a tension ...
Lockett Lawrence J - - 2012
Personal recollections of dehydration meltdowns during the Kona Ironman Triathlon, reflections on their cause, and the author's experiential recommendations regarding hydration, prevention of dehydration, and "beat the heat and humidity" measures.
Kuhn Phillip - - 2012
Immobilisation of liposomes and cells is often a prerequisite for long-term observations. The most common immobilisation approaches rely on surface modifications, encapsulation in porous materials or trapping in microfluidic channels by means of hurdle-like structures. While these approaches are useful for larger mammalian cells, the immobilisation of smaller organisms like ...
Forni Andrea - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: To compare the images of the mental canal in panoramic radiography (PR) and computed tomography (CT) by analyzing the concordance with diagnostic tests and examiners. MATERIAL AND METHODS:: The position of the mental foramen (MF), distance to the lower mandibular border, anterior length of the mental loop (ML), agreement ...
Mathur A P - - 2012
The concomitant use of aspirin and an ADP receptor (P2Y12) blocker, also known as dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), has been extensively investigated as a primary and secondary prevention strategy in an effort to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. In this manuscript the authors review the current guideline recommendations for ...
Ledochowski Larissa - - 2012
To ensure the highest technical performance, speed, safety, excellent control and to improve competitive performance, a successful regulation of competitive anxiety is necessary. Therefore, it seems crucial to identify factors influencing competitive anxiety of adolescent athletes. Research suggests that people reporting high quality of life are more capable to cope ...
Kannan Jaya - - 2012
Educators in anesthesia residency programs across the country are facing a number of challenges as they attempt to integrate blended learning techniques in their curriculum. Compared with the rest of higher education, which has made advances to varying degrees in the adoption of online learning anesthesiology education has been sporadic ...
Cates Robert A - - 2012
: Fractures of the lateral humeral condyle represent the second most common elbow fracture in children and the most common physeal fracture about the elbow. Growth disturbances after this fracture, including premature physeal arrest, are rare but important complications. Only 4 radiographically documented reports of premature physeal arrest exist to ...
Fernandez Ritin R School of Nursing, Midwifery and Indigenous Health, Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences, University of Wollongong, St George Hospital, Kogarah, Australia. - - 2012
To examine the association between trait emotional intelligence and learning strategies and their influence on academic performance among first-year accelerated nursing students. The study used a prospective survey design. A sample size of 81 students (100% response rate) who undertook the accelerated nursing course at a large university in Sydney ...
Koepsel Justin T JT Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1550 Engineering Dr., Madison, WI 53706, - - 2012
Chemically defined substrates, which rigorously control protein-surface and cell-surface interactions, can be used to probe the effects of specific biomolecules on cell behavior. Here we combined a chemically-defined, array-based format with automated, time-lapse microscopy to efficiently screen cell-substrate interactions. Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of alkanethiolates bearing oligo(ethylene glycol) units and reactive ...
Walczyńska A - - 2012
The current case study concerns evaluation of the life history of an insect species living in a demanding habitat, namely a xylem-feeder Aredolpona rubra (Linnaeus) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) representing the wood-feeding guild. Growth rate, development time and body size at maturity were studied at different temperature regimes with discreteness of insect ...
Abella Francesc - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of apical periodontitis (AP) on individual roots of teeth with irreversible pulpitis viewed with periapical (PA) radiographs and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. PA radiographs and CBCT scans were taken of 138 teeth in 130 patients diagnosed with irreversible pulpitis ...
Andras Lindsay - - 2012
: Correcting pelvic obliquity and improving sitting balance in neuromuscular scoliosis often requires fixation to the pelvis. We describe the use of a T square instrument to assist intraoperatively in evaluating the alignment of these curves and achieving balance in the coronal plane. : The T square instrument was constructed ...
Murray Melissa E ME Department of Neuroscience, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida 32224, USA. - - 2012
White matter hyperintensities (WMHs) associate with both cognitive slowing and motor dysfunction in the neurologically normal elderly. A full understanding of the pathology underlying this clinicoradiologic finding is currently lacking in autopsy-confirmed normal brains. To determine the histopathologic basis of WMH seen on magnetic resonance imaging, we studied the relationship ...
Smits Marleen - - 2012
Aims and objectives.  To examine whether the relationship between specialty and patient safety is mediated by safety culture. Background.  Research has shown that patient safety in hospitals varies by specialty. The safety culture among healthcare professionals in hospital units is believed to influence safety performance. If there is a mediation ...
Pullara A - - 2012
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent implantation is a well known risk factor leading to an increased rates of stroke, cardiovascular death and myocardial infarction. Anyway there are few data on very-long term outcome (more than 1 year follow up) of PAD after ...
Mishra Swati - - 2012
Heterotopic ossification (HO) associated with traumatic neurological or musculoskeletal injuries remains a major clinical challenge. One approach to understanding better and potentially treating this condition is to silence one or more genes believed to be responsible for osteogenesis by small interfering RNA (siRNA) post-injury. Improved methods of delivering siRNA to ...
Ruedl Gerhard - - 2012
Data on the injury and illness risk among young elite athletes are of utmost importance, because injuries and illnesses can counter the beneficial effects of sports participation at a young age, if children or adolescents are unable to continue to participate because of residual effects of injury or chronic illness. ...
Silva Selina - - 2012
: Spasticity is the major etiology for hip dislocation in nonambulatory cerebral palsy patients. Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) was used to control lower extremity spasticity, but is now done infrequently in nonambulatory cerebral palsy. Current surgical treatment is usually intrathecal baclofen pump (ITBP) placement. A major theoretical difference between SDR ...
Casana R - - 2012
A 58-year-old Caucasian lady presented for severe left internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis. Two months before she was operated for right carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in another Institution, complicated with internal carotid artery thrombosis and development of transient hemiplegia and aphasia. Postoperative selective DSA showed the development of an abnormal basal ...
Pandya Nirav K - - 2012
: Adolescent tibial tubercle fractures are uncommon, complex, high-energy injuries. The use of lateral radiographs in isolation to diagnose and treat these injuries is the standard of practice. However, with a single 2-dimensional (2D) view, there may be a risk that the degree of injury can be underestimated. This study ...
Wang Wenlan - - 2012
This experiment was designed to determine whether hydrogen (H(2)) rich saline can ameliorate brain abnormalities in a rat model with acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. Sprague-Dawley male rats were used for CO poisoning and H(2) rich saline treatment. Changes in neurons, microglias, and myelin sheath were observed by electron microscope. ...
Deakon Robert T - - 2012
Cycling-related injuries account for 20% of all injuries occurring during triathlons. Traumatic injuries caused by falls or accidents are thankfully rare but can be highly variable and very serious in nature. The best approach to these injuries is prevention. The majority of complaints arising from cycling are due to overuse ...
He Mingli - - 2012
We aimed to examine the prevalence of lower-extremity peripheral artery disease (LE-PAD) and its associated factors in 3,128 Chinese hypertensive adults 45 to 75 years old without known cardiovascular disease, PAD, chronic kidney disease, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. A cross-sectional investigation was carried out in a rural area of Lianyungang, China. ...
Resmini C - - 2012
Coronary artery disease represents the most important cause of mortality and morbidity in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Despite continuous improvements in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), CKD is still associated with more adverse events after PCI. We performed a retrospective study to compare bare metal stents (BMS) versus drug eluting stents ...
Sügün Tahir Sadık - - 2012
This study aims to compare the functional results of dynamic compression plates (DCP) and interlocked retrograde intramedullary nails (IRIN) used for the treatment of humeral shaft nonunions. Twenty-six patients (12 males, 14 females; mean age, 42.8 years; range 21 to 61 years) who underwent surgical treatment of humeral shaft nonunion ...
Kamat Ameya S - - 2012
: The aim of this study was to identify the optimal cast index (CI) level that reduces the risk of fracture redisplacement. The CI is the ratio of sagittal to coronal width from the inside edges of the cast at the fracture site. Previous studies have used 0.7 as the ...
Day Bruce - - 2012
Strength exercises for the knee, shoulder, and the core are essential to help prevent injuries to triathletes. This article will outline the most common exercises to strength the major joints and flexibility exercises to maintain range of motion of the joints.
Dowjat Karol K Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities, 1050 Forest Hill Rd, Staten Island, NY 10314, USA. - - 2012
The triplication of the DYRK1A gene encoding proline-directed serine/threonine kinase and located in the critical region of Down syndrome (DS) has been implicated in cognitive deficits and intellectual disability of individuals with DS. We investigated the effect of abnormal levels of this kinase on the cytoskeleton in brain and peripheral ...
Li Yan - - 2012
Sepsis is a clinical syndrome defined by a systemic response to infection and remains a prevalent clinical challenge. The underlying pathophysiology of sepsis is poorly understood. Using a metabolomic method, the present study observed changes in lymph composition during sepsis in a septic model in an attempt to find out ...
Norouzi Kian - - 2012
To explore rehabilitation care process in patients who commit self-immolation. Self-immolation is not only a type of burn injury, but it is also a suicidal method. It is placed in burn injury category that requires long-term rehabilitation and treatment measures. As a suicidal method, among all forms of suicidal attempts, ...
Qin Guangcheng - - 2012
Migraine is a refractory disease that is due to neuronal hyperexcitability, and has high incidence, mortality, and disability rates. The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 2B (NR2B) subunit has been found to play an important role in the pathogenesis of migraine. There is evidence suggesting that a tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homolog ...
Bales James - - 2012
Most triathlon overuse injuries occur due to the running and cycling aspects of the sport. By nature of swimming being a non-weight-bearing sport, triathletes have a tendency to use swimming for rehabilitation and recovery. Swimming has a significantly lower injury rate than the other 2 disciplines in a triathlon. Most ...
Sun Zhen - - 2012
We evaluated the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the Chinese version of the 5th edition Addiction Severity Index (ASI-C-5) in Chinese male alcohol-dependent inpatients. Three hundred and fifty-four inpatients with alcohol dependence from five regions of China were interviewed in person by five trained interviewers using the ASI-C-5. Responses were ...
Panico C - - 2012
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) became an attractive alternative to surgery for patients with severe aortic stenosis and high operative risk. The first multicenter randomized trial, conducted in such high risk cohort, showed 20% reduction in mortality in the group treated with TAVI compared to those treated with medical therapy ...
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