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Pesqueira Aldiéris Alves - - 2013
ABSTRACT. Maxillary defects resulting from cancer, trauma, and congenital malformation affect the chewing efficiency and retention of dentures in these patients. The use of implant-retained palatal obturator dentures has improved the self-esteem and quality of life of several subjects. We evaluate the stress distribution of implant-retained palatal obturator dentures with ...
Mauban Joseph R H JR Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Maryland Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, - - 2013
We sought to determine some of the molecular requirements for basal state "tone" of skeletal muscle arterioles in vivo, and whether asynchronous Ca(2+) waves are involved or not. Cremaster muscles of anesthetized exMLCK and smGCaMP2 biosensor mice were exteriorized, and the fluorescent arterioles were visualized with wide-field, confocal or multiphoton ...
Connors Robert - - 2013
We describe a patient with complete, bilateral horizontal gaze palsies and facial diplegia caused by a midline tegmental pontine hemorrhage. The term "16 syndrome" (7 + 7 + ½ + ½ + ½ + ½ = 16) describes this combination of clinical findings.
Downey Cara C Division of Plastic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, 6701 Fannin Street, CC.610.00, Houston, Texas 77030-2399, USA. - - 2013
Vascular injuries in newborns are rare and most commonly occur in the process of obtaining vascular access for monitoring organ system functions or interventions in critical care. Care of vascular injuries in neonates poses several challenges, with the most significant arguably being the lack of clinical experience with such injuries. ...
Sears Erika Davis ED Section of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5340, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to (1) understand national variation in delay of emergency procedures in patients with open tibial fracture at the hospital level and (2) compare length of stay and cost in patients cared for at the best- and worst-performing hospitals for delay. The authors retrospectively analyzed ...
Vyas Raj M RM Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
The greater omentum is easily harvested for coverage of sternal wounds without muscle sacrifice. Its major disadvantage is a laparotomy incision with potential bowel injury, adhesions, or hernia. Over the past 20 years, the authors' technique has evolved to use a transdiaphragmatic opening for omental harvest when possible. The authors ...
Hawwa Nael N Medicine Institute, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Desk J3-4, Cleveland, OH 44195, - - 2013
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) significantly increases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. CKD remains an under-represented population in cardiovascular clinical trials, and cardiovascular disease is an under-treated entity in CKD. Traditional cardiovascular risk factors in conjunction with uremia-related complications often progress to myocardial dysfunction. Such uremic cardiomyopathy leads to over-activation of neurohormonal ...
Cohen Jennifer P JP Department of Medical Toxicology, Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center, Medical Toxicology, Phoenix, AZ 85006, - - 2013
2,3-Dimercaptopropane-1-sulfonate (DMPS) is a metal chelator approved in Europe for oral or intravenous use for heavy metal poisoning. Transdermally applied DMPS (TD-DMPS) is used by some alternative practitioners to treat autism, despite the absence of evidence for its efficacy. We found no literature evaluating the pharmacokinetics of the transdermal route ...
Duncan Lindsay R LR Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA, - - 2013
Encouraging cancer survivors to discuss clinical trials with their physicians may increase enrollment in clinical trials. Health messages offer one method for encouraging such discussions. We hypothesized that matching messages to an individual's preference for detailed or non-detailed information (i.e., monitoring style) would result in more discussions. Participants (N = 538) were ...
Bouldin Erin L D EL Northwest Center for Outcomes Research in Older Adults, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to provide normative data on fall prevalence in U.S. hospitals by unit type and to determine the 27-month secular trend in falls before the implementation of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Service (CMS) rule, which does not reimburse hospitals for care related to ...
Sasaki M - - 2013
Cardiac nuclear medicine, cardiac computed tomography (CT), interventional cardiology procedures, and electrophysiology procedures are increasing in number and account for an important share of patient radiation exposure in medicine. Complex percutaneous coronary interventions and cardiac electrophysiology procedures are associated with high radiation doses. These procedures can result in patient skin ...
Wang Haitao - - 2013
Rfa2 is a ssDNA (single-stranded DNA)-binding protein that plays an important role in DNA replication, recombination and repair. Rfa2 is regulated by phosphorylation, which alters its protein-protein interaction and protein-DNA interaction. In the present study, we found that the Pph3-Psy2 phosphatase complex is responsible for Rfa2 dephosphorylation both during normal ...
Mecklai Alicia - - 2013
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. While an invasive strategy of early revascularization reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with acute coronary syndromes, there is no convincing evidence that this strategy leads to an incremental survival advantage for patients with stable ischemic heart ...
Ivanov Vladimir N VN Department of Radiation Oncology, Center for Radiological Research, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 630 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2013
Sodium arsenite exposure at concentration >5 μM may induce embryotoxic and teratogenic effects in animal models. Long-term health effects of sodium arsenite from contaminated drinking water may result in different forms of cancer and neurological abnormalities. As cancer development processes seem to be originated in stem cells, we have chosen ...
Betcheva Elitza T ET Laboratory for International Alliance, RIKEN Center for Genomic Medicine, Yokohama City, Kanagawa, - - 2013
Schizophrenia, the most common major psychiatric disorder (or group of disorders), entails severe decline of higher functions, principally with alterations in cognitive functioning and reality perception. Both genetic and environmental factors are involved in its pathogenesis; however, its genetic background still needs to be clarified. The objective of the study ...
Prabhakar Shilpa S Neuroscience Center, Department of Neurology and Center for Molecular Imaging Research, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2013
Schwannomas are tumors formed by proliferation of dedifferentiated Schwann cells. Patients with neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) and schwannomatosis develop multiple schwannomas in peripheral and cranial nerves. Although benign, these tumors can cause extreme pain and compromise sensory/motor functions, including hearing and vision. At present, surgical resection is the main treatment modality, ...
Jang Shih-Fan - - 2013
To investigate the relationship between particle size and gastric emptying in rodents using radiolabeled insoluble polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) microcapsules/beads. PMMA microcapsules (50-500 µm) and beads (0.5-3 mm) loaded with technetium-99 m diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid ((99m) Tc-DTPA) were administered to ICR mice or Sprague Dawley (SD) rats by oral gavage. Gamma scintiscans were acquired ...
Cui Liang L Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2013
Oxidative damage to DNA has many origins, including irradiation, inflammation, and oxidative stress, but the chemistries are not the same. The most oxidizable base in DNA is 2-deoxyguanosine (dG), and the primary oxidation products are 8-oxodG and 2-amino-imidazolone. The latter rapidly converts to 2,2-diamino-oxazolone (Ox), and 8-oxodG is further oxidized ...
Yoon Jin Sook - - 2013
Cigarette smoking is known to aggravate Graves' orbitopathy (GO) severity by enhancing adipogenesis. We investigated the effect of quercetin, an antioxidant, on adipocyte differentiation induced by cigarette smoke extract (CSE) in primary cultured orbital fibroblasts (OFs) from GO patients. Freshly prepared CSE was added to the cells and H(2)O(2) was ...
Perez Carina L CL Department of Virology, Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, Solna, - - 2013
We aimed to investigate whether the character of the immunodominant HIV-Gag peptide (variable or conserved) targeted by CD8(+) T cells in early HIV infection would influence the quality and quantity of T cell responses, and whether this would affect the rate of disease progression. Treatment-naive HIV-infected study subjects within the ...
Rajasekaran Kanniah - - 2013
Genetic transformation of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is highly dependent on the ability to regenerate fertile plants from transgenic cells through somatic embryogenesis. Induction of embryogenic cell cultures is genotype dependant. However, once embryogenic cell cultures are available, they can be effectively used for transformation by Agrobacterium or biolistic bombardment ...
Kim Hee Jin - - 2013
Although well-accepted as the ultimate method for cotton functional genomics, Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated cotton transformation is not widely used for functional analyses of cotton genes and their promoters since regeneration of cotton in tissue culture is lengthy and labor intensive. In certain cases, A. rhizogenes-induced hairy root culture has been a ...
Zhang Baohong - - 2013
Transgenic cotton is among the first transgenic plants commercially adopted around the world. Since it was first introduced into the field in the middle of 1990s, transgenic cotton has been quickly adopted by cotton farmers in many developed and developing countries. Transgenic cotton has offered many important environmental, social, and ...
Ma Zhiying - - 2013
Cotton is an important world economic crop plant. It is considered that cotton is recalcitrant to in vitro proliferation. Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration has been successful by using hypocotyl, whereas it is highly genotype dependent. Here, a genotype-independent cotton regeneration protocol from shoot apices is presented. Shoot apices from ...
Randhawa Gurinder Jit - - 2013
India is one of the largest cotton-growing countries. Cotton is a fiber crop with varied applications from making tiny threads to fashionable clothing in the textile sector. In the near future, cotton crop will gain popularity as a multipurpose crop in India. The commercialization of Bt cotton in 2002 and ...
Liu Zhi - - 2013
Elite cotton cultivar Sumian16 was transformed with p7RPSBK-mGNA-NPTII containing Bt (CryIA(c)), Galanthus nivalis agglutinin (GNA) resistance genes and selectable marker NptII gene via the pollen tube pathway method and two fertile transgenic Bt + GNA plants were obtained in the present study. The integration and expression of the Bt and ...
Indraccolo Stefano - - 2013
While it is well established that an angiogenic switch marks escape from tumor dormancy in xenograft models, the molecular pathways involved in the control of tumor cell proliferation or survival by angiogenesis remain substantially uncharted. We recently demonstrated that signals stemming from angiogenic endothelial cells (EC) regulate the behavior of ...
Zhang Baohong - - 2013
Determining transgenic events is a critical step for obtaining transgenic plants as well as the later stage of application. Traditional methods, such as Northern blotting and qRT-PCR, for determining transgenic events either require radioactively labeled substrates, expensive instruments, or long-time commitments, which result in lab and time-consuming as well as ...
d'Onofrio Alberto - - 2013
Tumor progression is subject to modulation by the immune system. The immune system can eliminate tumors or keep them at a dormant equilibrium size, while some tumors escape immunomodulation and advance to malignancy. Herein, we discuss some aspects of immune evasion of dormant tumors from a theoretical biophysics point of ...
Zhang Jun - - 2013
In this chapter, we present detailed experimental procedures for investigating integration patterns of transgenes in cotton genome. We use conventional PCR and genomic Southern blot hybridization to characterize integration of T-DNA components and vector backbone fragments. For multiple copy insertions into the same site (complex loci), transgene/transgene junctions (including canonical ...
Freed Alan D - - 2013
The airways and parenchyma of lung experience large deformations during normal respiration. Spatially accurate predictions of airflow patterns and aerosol transport therefore require respiration to be modeled as a fluid-structure interaction problem. Such computational models in turn require constitutive models for the parencyhma that are both accurate and efficient. Herein, ...
Kim Yangjin - - 2013
Herein, a mathematical model of a molecular control system for the regulation of secondary tumors is formulated and analyzed to explore how secondary tumors can be controlled by a primary tumor with/without a surgery and the microenvironment. This control system is composed of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2), urokinase-type plasminogen activator ...
Zhang Baohong - - 2013
There are many methods and techniques that can be used to transfer foreign genes into cells. In plant biotechnology, Agrobacterium-mediated transformation is a widely used traditional method for inserting foreign genes into plant genome and obtaining transgenic plants, particularly for dicot plant species. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of cotton involves several important ...
Almog Nava - - 2013
Micro-tumors can remain dormant for prolonged periods of time before they switch and enter the rapid growth phase. This initial stage in tumor progression is clearly understudied. In spite of high prevalence, significant clinical implications and increased interest by the research community, tumor dormancy is still poorly understood. The topic ...
Rajasekaran Kanniah - - 2013
Biolistic transformation of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) meristems, isolated from mature seed, is detailed in this report. A commercially available, helium-driven biolistic device (Bio-Rad PDS1000/He) was used to bombard gold particles coated with a marker gene (uidA or "β-glucuronidase") into the shoot meristem. The penetration of gold particles was dependent ...
Wu Jiahe - - 2013
An optimized vip3A gene, designated as vip3A* was chemically synthesized and a thi1 gene chloroplast transit peptide coding sequence was attached to its 5' end to produce the tvip3A*. vip3A* and tvip3A* genes were transformed into Gossypium hirsutum cv. Zhongmiansuo35 mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Four independent transgenic T1 lines with ...
Pan Xiaoping - - 2013
Gene flow is one of the major concerns associated with the release of transgenic plants into the environment. Unrestricted gene flow can results in super weeds, reduction in species fitness and genetic diversity, and contamination of traditional plants and foods. Thus, it is important and also necessary to evaluate the ...
Enderling Heiko - - 2013
The cancer stem cell hypothesis postulates that only a subpopulation of cancer cells in a tumor is capable of initiating, sustaining, and reinitiating tumors, while the bulk of the population comprises non-stem cancer cells that lack tumor initiation potential. The interactions of these two phenotypically distinct populations can provoke various ...
Randhawa Gurinder Jit - - 2013
The adoption rate and global area under cultivation of genetically modified (GM) crops is dramatically increasing in recent past. GM cotton has occupied 25.0 million hectares (mha) comprising 15.6% of the global area under GM cultivation. Bt cotton, expressing delta-endotoxins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), is the only commercialized crop in ...
Zhang Baohong - - 2013
microRNAs (miRNAs) are an extensive class of newly identified endogenous small regulatory molecules. Many studies show that miRNAs play a critical role in almost all biological and metabolic progresses through targeting protein-coding genes for mRNA cleavage or translation inhibition. Many miRNAs are also identified from cotton using computational and/or experimental ...
Kleffel Sonja - - 2013
Increasing evidence suggests that tumor dormancy represents an important mechanism underlying the observed failure of existing therapeutic modalities to fully eradicate cancers. In addition to its more established role in maintaining minimal residual disease after treatment, dormancy might also critically contribute to early stages of tumor development and the formation ...
Yi Chengxin - - 2013
Transgenic cotton has widely been employed both in commercial cultivation and basic research. It is essential to determine which plants contain the transgene and in how many copies after transgenic cotton plants are generated. A TaqMan quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (Tq RT-PCR) method is described here to examine transgene ...
Wilkie Kathleen P - - 2013
The role of the immune system in tumor dormancy is now well established. In an immune-induced dormant state, potentially lethal cancer cells persist in a state where growth is restricted, to little or no increase, by the host's immune response. To describe this state in the context of cancer progression ...
Zhang Baolong - - 2013
Six transgenic Bt cotton cultivars (lines) including GKsu12, GK19, MR1, GK5, 109B, and SGK1 are highly resistant to bollworm from the seedling to boll-setting stages in bioassays with detached cotton leaves, though there are differences in resistant level and Bt toxin content in these transgenic cottons. Genetics analysis reveals that ...
Kamle Suchitra - - 2013
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) are being used extensively for the identification of Bt-protein in Bt transgenic crops. A sandwich ELISA test is the most preferable immunoassay for the quantification of Bt-protein in transgenic cotton plants. Here, we describe development of sandwich ELISA, employing polyclonal rabbit antibody as a capture antibody ...
Quesnel Bruno - - 2013
Tumor dormancy occurs when cancer cells are present but the tumor does not grow. Following treatment, patients may enter complete remission in which persistent cells represent the minimal residual disease (MRD). Experimental models and clinical data suggest that the absolute quantity of this MRD is extremely low. Very few cancer ...
Arshad Muhammad - - 2013
Plant transformation methods are invaluable biotechnological tools to generate specific and targeted genetic variation for performance improvement of crop plants. Genetic information is created by proper modification during gene cloning flanked by proper regulatory sequences and delivered to plants via -different plant transformation techniques. Due to being a multipurpose plant, ...
Hanin Leonid - - 2013
The hypothesis of early metastasis was debated for several decades. Dormant cancer cells and surgery-induced acceleration of metastatic growth were first observed in clinical studies and animal experiments conducted more than a century ago; later, these findings were confirmed in numerous modern studies.In this primarily methodological work, we discuss critically ...
Miao Weiguo - - 2013
The soil-borne fungal pathogen Verticillium dahliae Kleb causes Verticillium wilt in a wide range of crops including cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). To date, most upland cotton varieties are susceptible to V. dahliae and the breeding for cotton varieties with the resistance to Verticillium wilt has not been successful. Hpa1Xoo is a ...
Hahnfeldt Philip - - 2013
An increasingly appreciated focus of carcinogenesis research is on mechanisms governing tumor growth after the fact of cancer cell creation. Of particular interest are dynamical interactions between tumor and host cell populations that can themselves strongly impact the fate of established cancer lesions. Regardless of tumor type, all cancers face ...
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