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Vinaya Kumar R - - 2012
Among the great challenges facing clinical research is the development of bioactive surgical additives regulating inflammation and increasing healing. Although the use of fibrin adhesives and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is well documented, they have their own limitations. Hence, reconstructive dental surgeons are looking for an "edge" that jump starts the ...
Gouveris Haralampos - - 2012
The aim of this study is to determine differences in postoperative air-bone gap (ABG) after placement of teflon-platinum or nitinol middle ear prostheses in primary stapedotomy patients with otosclerosis. Thirty otosclerosis patients (24 female, 6 male; age 10-61 years) with primary stapedotomy were studied prospectively. Before and after surgery, the mean ...
Metz J A J - - 2012
The class of deterministic 'Daphnia' models treated by Diekmann et al. (J Math Biol 61:277-318, 2010) has a long history going back to Nisbet and Gurney (Theor Pop Biol 23:114-135, 1983) and Diekmann et al. (Nieuw Archief voor Wiskunde 4:82-109, 1984). In this note, we formulate the individual based models (IBM) supposedly ...
Senhaji Mohamed Amine - - 2012
Xeroderma pigmentosum is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by hypersensitivity to UV light which is due to alterations of the nucleotide excision repair pathway. Eight genes (XPA to XPG and XPV) are responsible for the disease. Among them, the XPC gene is known to be the most mutated in ...
Stockmann Marianne - - 2012
The dynactin p150glued subunit, encoded by the gene DCTN1 is part of the dynein-dynactin motor protein complex responsible for retrograde axonal transport. This subunit is a candidate modifier for neurodegenerative diseases, in particular motoneuron and extrapyramidal diseases. Based on an extensive screening effort of all 32 exons in more than ...
Kurtenbach Anne - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare visual acuities estimated by three methods of visual evoked potential (VEP) recordings to those obtained by two subjective measures [ETDRS and FrACT (Freiburg acuity test)]. METHODS: Ten healthy subjects, aged between 26 and 67 years (mean 43.5), were examined. Best-corrected acuity determined by the ETDRS was between 0.03 ...
Lötters Freek - - 2012
Backgrounds Few studies have addressed the specific contribution of health in relation to socio-demographic and motivational aspects to re-entering paid employment. The purpose of this study among beneficiaries of unemployment benefits is to evaluate the detrimental effects of poor health and a lack of motivation on the likelihood of getting ...
Cvačka Josef - - 2012
A female-produced sex pheromone of Stylops muelleri was identified as an unusually branched saturated aldehyde (9R)-3,5-syn-3,5,9-trimethyldodecanal. We named it stylopsal. Its structure was established by using mass spectrometry, infrared spectroscopy, and organic synthesis of candidate compounds. The synthetic standard of (9R)-3,5-syn-3,5,9-trimethyldodecanal gave identical chromatographic and mass spectrometric data as the ...
Yamaguchi Masaya - - 2012
Autophagy requires ubiquitin-like Atg8 and Atg12 conjugation systems, where Atg7 has a critical role as the sole E1 enzyme. Although Atg7 recognizes two distinct E2s, Atg3 and Atg10, it is not understood how Atg7 correctly loads these E2s with their cognate ubiquitin-like proteins, Atg8 and Atg12. Here, we report the ...
Tsimberidou Apostolia M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Liver metastases in patients with cancer are associated with poor survival. We hypothesized that hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) of oxaliplatin combination therapy would have antitumor activity in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with advanced cancer and predominant liver metastases were treated on a phase I study of HAI ...
Clemen Christoph S - - 2012
The intermediate filament protein desmin is an essential component of the extra-sarcomeric cytoskeleton in muscle cells. This three-dimensional filamentous framework exerts central roles in the structural and functional alignment and anchorage of myofibrils, the positioning of cell organelles and signaling events. Mutations of the human desmin gene on chromosome 2q35 ...
Kudo-Saito Chie - - 2012
We previously found that cancer metastasis is accelerated by immunosuppression during Snail-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, the molecular mechanism still remained unclear. Here, we demonstrate that CCL2 is a critical determinant for both tumor metastasis and immunosuppression induced by Snail(+) tumor cells. CCL2 is significantly upregulated in various human tumor ...
Toi Masakazu - - 2012
Data reviewed at the Kyoto Breast Cancer Consensus Conference (KBCCC) showed that preoperative systemic therapy (PST) could optimize surgery through the utilization of information relating to pre- and post-PST tumor stage, therapeutic sensitivity, and treatment-induced changes in the biological characteristics of the tumor. As such, it was noted that the ...
Maclennan-Smith Felicity - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the validity of diagnostic pure-tone audiometry in a natural environment using a computer-operated audiometer with insert earphones covered by circumaural earcups incorporating real-time monitoring of environmental noise. Design: A within-subject repeated measures design was employed to compare air (250 to 8000 Hz) and bone (250 to 4000 ...
Hao Pengfei - - 2012
A new type of water droplet transportation mechanism on microstructured hydrophobic surface is proposed and investigated experimentally and theoretically - water droplet could be driven by scale effect under disturbance and vibration, which is different from the traditional contact angle-gradient based method. Scale-gradient microstructured hydrophobic surface is fabricated in which ...
Yoshikawa Kozo - - 2012
PURPOSES: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common sarcoma of the intestinal tract. The risk category is usually determined by tumor size and mitotic count, but accurate preoperative diagnosis of GIST is very difficult. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of positron emission tomography (PET)-CT for ...
Dotan Hen - - 2012
Semiconductor photoelectrodes for solar hydrogen production by water photoelectrolysis must employ stable, non-toxic, abundant and inexpensive visible-light absorbers. Iron oxide (α-Fe(2)O(3)) is one of few materials meeting these requirements, but its poor transport properties present challenges for efficient charge-carrier generation, separation, collection and injection. Here we show that these challenges ...
Tello-Montoliu Antonio - - 2012
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most important predictor of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and pharmacodynamic (PD) studies have shown that DM patients with impaired renal function are characterized by reduced clopidogrel response. However, post-hoc PD studies conducted in unselected cohorts, composed of both DM and non-DM patients, have reached controversial ...
Alfonzo Antonio - - 2012
The potential for the transport and diffusion of some pathogenic microorganisms by migratory birds is of concern. Migratory birds may be involved in the dispersal of microorganisms and may play a role of mechanical and biological vectors. The efficiency of dispersal of pathogenic microorganisms depends on a wide range of ...
Pérez-Vives Cari - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the optical quality of the Visian Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) for different powers and pupil diameters. METHODS: Wavefront aberrations of the -3, -6, -9, -12 and -15 diopters (D) V4b ICLs were measured at 3- and 4.5-mm pupils. The root mean square (RMS) of total higher order ...
Okugawa Yoshinaga - - 2012
Smad interacting protein 1 (SIP1) is an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-inducible gene that plays a key role in tumor progression in various cancers. This study seeks to clarify the clinical and biological significance of SIP1 expression, especially in intestinal type gastric cancer. We analyzed the mRNA levels of SIP1 and other ...
Dorenkamp M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: With increasing numbers of implanted pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) and a rising incidence of malignant tumors, there is a growing probability of radiation-mediated device dysfunction. The only guidelines for the management of patients with cardiac pacemakers in the case of radiation therapy were published in 1994 and ...
Guignard Marie - - 2012
Layered oxides are the subject of intense studies either for their properties as electrode materials for high-energy batteries or for their original physical properties due to the strong electronic correlations resulting from their unique structure. Here we present the detailed phase diagram of the layered P2-Na(x)VO(2) system determined from electrochemical ...
Saphier Oshra - - 2012
PURPOSE: The production of reactive oxygen substances plays an important regulatory role in many physiologic reproductive processes. Excessive production may lead to oxidative stress (OS), and bring about pregnancy disorders. Growing evidence indicates that OS plays a major role in the pathophysiology of complications such as early pregnancy loss, placental ...
Zou Xiaoming - - 2012
As organisms are typically exposed to chemical mixtures over long periods of time, chronic mixture toxicity is the best way to perform an environmental risk assessment (ERA). However, it is difficult to obtain the chronic mixture toxicity data due to the high expense and the complexity of the data acquisition ...
Taghipour M - - 2012
Organic acid has been related to nutrient mobilization, mainly in phosphorus (P) insoluble utilization, and therefore enhances P bioavailability. In this study, we examined the effect of low-molecular-weight organic acids (malic, citric, and oxalic acids) on P release of some calcareous soils from western Iran. Fractionation and speciation of P ...
Bonnave P-E - - 2012
Despite recommendations, gastric aspirate collected by invasive nasogastric aspiration is still routinely used for the direct detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in our institution. Reviewing 82 patients with culture-proven respiratory tuberculosis over a 28-month period, we observed no patient diagnosed solely by gastric aspirate analysis. Moreover, the diagnosis yield of gastric ...
Coltrini Daniela - - 2012
The subcutaneous Matrigel plug assay in mice is a method of choice for the in vivo evaluation of pro- and anti-angiogenic molecules. However, quantification of the angiogenic response in the plug remains a problematic task. Here we report a simple, rapid, unbiased and reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) method to investigate ...
Bilyk Bohdan - - 2012
We report here the in vivo expression of the synthetic transposase gene himar1(a) in Streptomyces coelicolor M145 and Streptomyces albus. Using the synthetic himar1(a) gene adapted for Streptomyces codon usage, we showed random insertion of the transposon into the streptomycetes genome. The insertion frequency for the Himar1-derived minitransposons is nearly ...
Xu Ning-Long - - 2012
Active dendrites provide neurons with powerful processing capabilities. However, little is known about the role of neuronal dendrites in behaviourally related circuit computations. Here we report that a novel global dendritic nonlinearity is involved in the integration of sensory and motor information within layer 5 pyramidal neurons during an active ...
Johnston Karissa M - - 2012
In advanced follicular lymphoma, rituximab is currently used with chemotherapy as induction therapy, and as maintenance monotherapy following induction in previously untreated patients and treatment-experienced relapsed/refractory patients. Herein, the authors characterize the clinical effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of rituximab in follicular lymphoma, based on the literature review. Rituximab has a ...
Kapilashrami Anuj - - 2012
Global health initiatives (GHIs) have gained prominence as innovative and effective policy mechanisms to tackle global health priorities. More recent literature reveals governance-related challenges and their unintended health system effects. Much less attention is received by the relationship between these mechanisms, the ideas that underpin them and the country-level practices ...
Fukuda Isao - - 2012
PURPOSE: Intravenous solutions are often administered to the mother on the day of a cesarean delivery to minimize the effect of preoperative fasting or to stabilize the hemodynamics. Different intravenous solutions contain varying amounts of glucose, and rapid administration may lead to hypoglycemia in the neonate. We conducted a study ...
Kim Yeongjin - - 2012
Mechanical property characterization of prostate tumors can enhance the results obtained by palpation by providing quantitative and precise diagnostic information to surgeons. The multi-focal characteristics of prostate tumors cause inhomogeneity and local property variance in the prostate glands, which is one reason for inaccurate property characterizations of the tumors. Therefore, ...
Zhang Xiaohui - - 2012
All cyanobacteria sequenced to date have multiple psbA genes, encoding the D1 protein. Some of these psbA genes have a series of mutations that would seem to render D1 incapable of binding the Mn(4)CaO(5) metallocluster (Murray, Photosynth Res 110(3):177-184, 2012). Nonetheless, these genes are expressed under specific environmental conditions, such ...
van der Veen Jochem W - - 2012
Several in vitro DNA microarray studies have shown the importance of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) in skin sensitization. Nevertheless, the exact in vivo role of the Nrf2-Keap1 pathway during the induction of skin sensitization remains unknown. To study the function of Nrf2, a local lymph node assay was ...
Benlekbir Samir - - 2012
Vacuolar-type ATPases (V-type ATPases) in eukaryotic cells are large membrane protein complexes that acidify various intracellular compartments. The enzymes are regulated by dissociation of the V(1) and V(O) regions of the complex. Here we present the structure of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae V-type ATPase at 11-Å resolution by cryo-EM of protein ...
Chuman Tomáš - - 2012
In this study, we investigated the relationships between stream water chemistry and watershed characteristics (topography-mean altitude and slope; climate-mean annual temperature and precipitation; geology-geochemical reactivity; land cover; inhabitation-population density, road density and number of municipalities). We analyzed the concentrations of the major anions (Cl, F, NO(3), SO(4), SiO(2)), cations (Ca, ...
Prieto Gonzalo - - 2012
Supported metal nanoparticles play a pivotal role in areas such as nanoelectronics, energy storage/conversion and as catalysts for the sustainable production of fuels and chemicals. However, the tendency of nanoparticles to grow into larger crystallites is an impediment for stable performance. Exemplarily, loss of active surface area by metal particle ...
Takata Yuka - - 2012
Bernard-Soulier syndrome (BSS) is an inherited bleeding disorder caused by a defect in the platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib/IX complex. The GPIX W127X mutation is the most common genetic defect in Japanese patients with BSS, which is often misdiagnosed as immune thrombocytopenic purpura, presumably due to residual expression of GPIbα. Neither ...
Tersi Luca - - 2012
Model-based mono-planar and bi-planar 3D fluoroscopy methods can quantify intact joints kinematics with performance/cost trade-off. The aim of this study was to compare the performances of mono- and bi-planar setups to a marker-based gold-standard, during dynamic phantom knee acquisitions. Absolute pose errors for in-plane parameters were lower than 0.6 mm or ...
Izhaki Ido - - 2012
The phyllosphere is one of the largest habitats for terrestrial microorganisms. To gain a better insight into the factors underlying the composition of bacterial communities inhabiting leaf surfaces we performed culture-dependent and independent (Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis) analyses on the bacteria associated with the leaves of three plant species: Amygdalus ...
Shahid Shakeel Ahmad - - 2012
Membrane proteins are largely underrepresented among available atomic-resolution structures. The use of detergents in protein purification procedures hinders the formation of well-ordered crystals for X-ray crystallography and leads to slower molecular tumbling, impeding the application of solution-state NMR. Solid-state magic-angle spinning NMR spectroscopy is an emerging method for membrane-protein structural ...
Montserrat Ferran - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to report the survival analysis of partial lateral facetectomy and Insall's procedure in patients with isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis, and to assess the risk and protective factors for failure of this procedure. METHODS: From 1992 to 2004, all subjects with isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis who ...
Rankin Kristin M - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to summarize the methodology, partnerships, and products developed as a result of a distance-based workforce development initiative to improve analytic capacity among maternal and child health (MCH) epidemiologists in state health agencies. This effort was initiated by the Centers for Disease Control's MCH Epidemiology ...
Fragoso Ana Catarina - - 2012
PURPOSE: Esophageal atresia and tracheo-esophageal fistula (EA-TEF) result from abnormal division of the foregut into esophagus and trachea thus, it may influence airway branching and lung development. The present study examined lung morphogenesis in fetuses with EA-TEF focusing in the expression of FGF10 and its receptor FGFR2 IIIb. METHODS: Pregnant ...
Lesimple Thierry - - 2012
Background Several cancer therapies can prolong cardiac repolarization. This study assessed the potential of eribulin to affect cardiac repolarization in patients with advanced solid tumors. Methods In this Phase I, open-label, single-arm study, patients received eribulin mesylate (1.4 mg/m(2); Days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle). The primary objective was ...
Holtkamp Wolf - - 2012
Ribosomes synthesizing inner membrane proteins in Escherichia coli are targeted to the membrane by the signal recognition particle (SRP) pathway. By rapid kinetic analysis we show that after initial binding to the ribosome, SRP undergoes dynamic fluctuations in search of additional interactions. Non-translating ribosomes, or ribosomes synthesizing non-membrane proteins, do ...
Kim Young-Kwan - - 2012
Surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) has been extensively investigated since its discovery on rough Ag surface because of high sensitivity and resolution. Ag nanostructures are considered highly active for SERS but their liability to oxidization impedes their practical applications as a SERS-based sensing platform. Here, we show that graphene oxide ...
Frey Benicio N - - 2012
Depression during midlife years may lead to significant sleep disturbances and adversely impact quality of life (QOL). In this report, we examined the effects of treatment with quetiapine extended release (XR), 150-300 mg/day, on sleep and QOL in 23 midlife women with major depressive disorder (MDD). Quetiapine XR improved subjective sleep ...
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