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Results 401 - 450 of 4626
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Guo Fawen - - 2012
Ultraviolet photodetectors have applications in fields such as medicine, communications and defence, and are typically made from single-crystalline silicon, silicon carbide or gallium nitride p-n junction photodiodes. However, such inorganic photodetectors are unsuitable for certain applications because of their high cost and low responsivity (<0.2 A W(-1)). Solution-processed photodetectors based on organic ...
Habbe Nils - - 2012
PURPOSE: Neuroendocrine tumors (NET) of the ileum/jejunum are rare and may require different treatment options to provide long-term survival. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the outcome of surgery for ileojejunal NET. METHODS: A database of patients that underwent surgery for ileojejunal NETs between 1999 and 2010 was ...
Aoyama Masahito - - 2012
In this paper, we describe the effectiveness of our curve-fitting method by comparing liver volumes estimated by our new technique to volumes obtained with the standard manual contour-tracing method. Hepatic parenchymal-phase images of 13 patients were obtained with multi-detector CT scanners after intravenous bolus administration of 120-150 mL of contrast material ...
Nauhaus Ian I Systems Neurobiology Laboratories, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California, - - 2012
Orientation and spatial frequency tuning are highly salient properties of neurons in primary visual cortex (V1). The combined organization of these particular tuning properties in the cortical space will strongly shape the V1 population response to different visual inputs, yet it is poorly understood. In this study, we used two-photon ...
Agrawal Kanhaiyalal - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to assess the utility of F-18-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (F-18 FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in assessing bone marrow involvement (BMI) compared to bone marrow biopsy (BMB) in initial staging of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) in pediatric patients. METHODS: Data of 38 pediatric patients (mean ...
Martínez-Quintana Efrén - - 2012
Subclinical hypothyroidism usually is asymptomatic, but it can be associated with various adverse cardiologic outcomes. With the objective of gaining insight into the role of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in congenital heart abnormalities, this study measured serum TSH concentrations in different subtypes of grown-up congenital heart disease (GUCHD) patients. Serum TSH ...
Vágvölgyi Csaba - - 2012
In this study, more than 150 bacteria showing antagonistic properties against bacterial and fungal pathogens of the tomato plant were isolated and characterized. The most efficient agents against these phytopathogenic microorganisms belong to the genus Bacillus: the best biocontrol isolates were representatives of Bacillus subtilis, B. mojavensis and B. amyloliquefaciens ...
Zonta Eleonora - - 2013
It is widely accepted that pre-mRNA maturation, including splicing, is tightly coupled to both transcription and mRNA export, but factors linking the three processes are less understood. By analysing the estrogen-regulated expression of the c-fos mRNA that is processed during transcription, we show that the ddx5 RNA helicase, is required ...
Hussman Julia M - - 2012
Palivizumab prophylaxis has been demonstrated to reduce the number of hospitalizations attributable to respiratory syncytial virus in high-risk infants. However, as palivizumab acquisition costs are high, quantifying cost-effectiveness is important. The primary aim of this review was to examine the cost-effectiveness of palivizumab across numerous indications in high-risk infants and ...
Kakinoki Keitaro - - 2012
PURPOSE: Although splenectomy plays an important role in the management of patients with liver cirrhosis, the optimal technique, open surgery, total laparoscopic surgery or hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS), has not yet been defined. The present study evaluated the outcomes of HALS splenectomy for cirrhotic patients. METHODS: A total of 28 ...
Montserrat Ferran - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to report the survival analysis of partial lateral facetectomy and Insall's procedure in patients with isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis, and to assess the risk and protective factors for failure of this procedure. METHODS: From 1992 to 2004, all subjects with isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis who ...
Rankin Kristin M - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to summarize the methodology, partnerships, and products developed as a result of a distance-based workforce development initiative to improve analytic capacity among maternal and child health (MCH) epidemiologists in state health agencies. This effort was initiated by the Centers for Disease Control's MCH Epidemiology ...
Fragoso Ana Catarina - - 2012
PURPOSE: Esophageal atresia and tracheo-esophageal fistula (EA-TEF) result from abnormal division of the foregut into esophagus and trachea thus, it may influence airway branching and lung development. The present study examined lung morphogenesis in fetuses with EA-TEF focusing in the expression of FGF10 and its receptor FGFR2 IIIb. METHODS: Pregnant ...
Yoon Kyoung Ho - - 2012
PURPOSE: In patients who underwent arthroscopic meniscectomy for medial meniscus tears, the authors wished to ascertain (1) whether varus alignment in the lower extremity would increase after an operation and (2) if so, what the related factors would be. METHODS: Among 181 patients from 20 to 60 years of age who ...
Avila-Alvarez Alejandro - - 2012
Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) in the newborn combined with persistent pulmonary hypertension was reported previously to occur in 3-12 % of full-term neonates with TGA. Right-to-left shunting at the ductal level causes severe hypoxemia despite prostaglandin infusion and balloon atrial septostomy. Although the introduction of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) ...
Brinkman Tara M TM Department of Epidemiology and Cancer Control, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA. - - 2013
Survivors of pediatric brain tumors (BTs) are at-risk for late effects which may affect mobility within and access to the physical environment. This study examined the prevalence of and risk factors for restricted environmental access in survivors of childhood BTs and investigated the associations between reduced environmental access, health-related quality ...
Rodríguez Martín José Antonio - - 2012
This study spatially analysed the relation between mercury (Hg) content in soil and Hg in rock fragment for the purpose of assessing natural soil Hg contribution compared with Hg from human inputs. We present the Hg content of 318 soil and rock fragment samples from 11 islands distributed into two ...
Omu Onutobor - - 2012
Religious faith is central to life for Muslim patients in Kuwait, so it may influence adaptation and rehabilitation. This study explored quantitative associations among religious faith, self-efficacy, and life satisfaction in 40 female stroke patients and explored the influence of religion within stroke rehabilitation through qualitative interviews with 12 health ...
Kalinin Stanislav - - 2012
We present a comprehensive toolkit for Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)-restrained modeling of biomolecules and their complexes for quantitative applications in structural biology. A dramatic improvement in the precision of FRET-derived structures is achieved by explicitly considering spatial distributions of dye positions, which greatly reduces uncertainties due to flexible dye ...
Tello-Montoliu Antonio - - 2012
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most important predictor of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and pharmacodynamic (PD) studies have shown that DM patients with impaired renal function are characterized by reduced clopidogrel response. However, post-hoc PD studies conducted in unselected cohorts, composed of both DM and non-DM patients, have reached controversial ...
Alfonzo Antonio - - 2012
The potential for the transport and diffusion of some pathogenic microorganisms by migratory birds is of concern. Migratory birds may be involved in the dispersal of microorganisms and may play a role of mechanical and biological vectors. The efficiency of dispersal of pathogenic microorganisms depends on a wide range of ...
Pérez-Vives Cari - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the optical quality of the Visian Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) for different powers and pupil diameters. METHODS: Wavefront aberrations of the -3, -6, -9, -12 and -15 diopters (D) V4b ICLs were measured at 3- and 4.5-mm pupils. The root mean square (RMS) of total higher order ...
Kozai Takashi D Yoshida - - 2012
Implantable neural microelectrodes that can record extracellular biopotentials from small, targeted groups of neurons are critical for neuroscience research and emerging clinical applications including brain-controlled prosthetic devices. The crucial material-dependent problem is developing microelectrodes that record neural activity from the same neurons for years with high fidelity and reliability. Here, ...
Lienkamp Soeren S SS Department of Medicine, Renal Division, University of Freiburg Medical Center, Freiburg, - - 2012
Cystic kidney diseases are a global public health burden, affecting over 12 million people. Although much is known about the genetics of kidney development and disease, the cellular mechanisms driving normal kidney tubule elongation remain unclear. Here, we used in vivo imaging to show for the first time that mediolaterally ...
Kabashima Yoshiki - - 2012
Several bacteria possess membrane-bound dehydrogenases other than cytosolic dehydrogenases in their respiratory chains. In many cases, the membrane-bound malate:quinone oxidoreductases (MQOs) are essential for growth. However, these MQOs are absent in mammalian mitochondria, and therefore may be a potential drug target for pathogenic bacteria. To characterize the kinetic properties of ...
Tsunoda Akira - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to conduct a psychometric evaluation of the fecal incontinence quality of life scale (FIQL) in the Japanese language using rigorous methodologies. METHODS: The FIQL was translated into Japanese. After being linguistically validated, the Japanese version of the FIQL was administered to a sample ...
Magdon Paul - - 2012
Defining "forest land" is a complex issue and has been discussed for decades. Today, a confusing multitude of definitions of forest land are in use making comparison of forest area figures difficult. But currently, comparability is receiving much attention when it comes to install market mechanisms for ecosystem services. Minimum ...
Menke S Matthew - - 2012
Photoconversion in planar-heterojunction organic photovoltaic cells (OPVs) is limited by a short exciton diffusion length (L(D)) that restricts migration to the dissociating electron donor/acceptor interface. Consequently, bulk heterojunctions are often used to realize high efficiency as these structures reduce the distance an exciton must travel to be dissociated. Here, we ...
Luo Gang - - 2012
In situ biogas upgrading was conducted by introducing H(2) directly to the anaerobic reactor. As H(2) addition is associated with consumption of the CO(2) in the biogas reactor, pH increased to higher than 8.0 when manure alone was used as substrate. By co-digestion of manure with acidic whey, the pH ...
Rinkevich Yuval - - 2012
Fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells (FSMCs) are principal cell types of connective and adventitial tissues that participate in the development, physiology and pathology of internal organs, with incompletely defined cellular origins. Here, we identify and prospectively isolate from the mesothelium a mouse cell lineage that is committed to FSMCs. The ...
Kim Bo Hyun - - 2012
Ivabradine slows the heart rate (HR) by selectively inhibiting the I(f) current in the sinus node without a negative inotropic effect. We aimed to investigate the effects of ivabradine on thyroid hormone-induced left ventricular (LV) remodeling and ion channel activity in rats. Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly selected into the ...
Kwon Hyung-Bae - - 2012
Members of the neuroligin family of cell-adhesion proteins are found at excitatory and inhibitory synapses and are mutated in some familial forms of autism spectrum disorders. Although they display synaptogenic properties in heterologous systems, the function of neuroligins in vivo in the regulation of synapse formation and synapse number has ...
Kim Yeongjin - - 2012
Mechanical property characterization of prostate tumors can enhance the results obtained by palpation by providing quantitative and precise diagnostic information to surgeons. The multi-focal characteristics of prostate tumors cause inhomogeneity and local property variance in the prostate glands, which is one reason for inaccurate property characterizations of the tumors. Therefore, ...
Zhang Xiaohui - - 2012
All cyanobacteria sequenced to date have multiple psbA genes, encoding the D1 protein. Some of these psbA genes have a series of mutations that would seem to render D1 incapable of binding the Mn(4)CaO(5) metallocluster (Murray, Photosynth Res 110(3):177-184, 2012). Nonetheless, these genes are expressed under specific environmental conditions, such ...
Brodie Scott E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The risk/benefit profile of intravitreal melphalan injection for treatment of active vitreous seeds in retinoblastoma remains uncertain. We report clinical and electroretinography results after 6 months of one patient who has shown a favorable initial clinical response to intravitreal melphalan injections for treatment of refractory vitreous seeds. METHODS: Clinical case ...
Diao Zhijuan - - 2012
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), a promising and novel anticancer cytokine, specifically kills numerous tumor cells by apoptosis. However, some malignancies are resistant to TRAIL treatment in clinical trials, thus limiting its therapeutic potential. In the present study, the TRAIL-resistant murine hepatocellular carcinoma cell line Hepa1-6 was used to ...
Muñoz Sebastián Andrés - - 2012
We investigated the relationship between the 4G/5G plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) and -308 A/G tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) polymorphisms and the clinical and biochemical features of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in an Argentinean patient cohort. A total of 402 patients were studied, including 179 SLE patients and 223 healthy individuals. ...
Nicastro Giuseppe G Molecular Structure Division, Medical Research Council National Institute for Medical Research, London, - - 2012
Let-7 is an important tumor-suppressive microRNA (miRNA) that acts as an on-off switch for cellular differentiation and regulates the expression of a set of human oncogenes. Binding of the human KSRP protein to let-7 miRNA precursors positively regulates their processing to mature let-7, thereby contributing to control of cell proliferation, ...
David Hélène N - - 2012
Argon has been shown to provide cortical as well as, under certain conditions, subcortical neuroprotection in all models so far (middle cerebral artery occlusion, trauma, neonatal asphyxia, etc.). This has led to the suggestion that argon could be a cost-efficient alternative to xenon, a metabolically inert gas thought to be ...
Greber Basil J - - 2012
Eukaryotic ribosome biogenesis requires many protein factors that facilitate the assembly, nuclear export and final maturation of 40S and 60S particles. We have biochemically characterized ribosomal complexes of the yeast 60S-biogenesis factor Arx1 and late-maturation factors Rei1 and Jjj1 and determined their cryo-EM structures. Arx1 was visualized bound to the ...
Le Fur E - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of experience and technical changes on peri- and postimplantation (1 month later) dosimetry for permanent prostate brachytherapy (PPB). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From July 2003 to May 2010, 150 prostate cancer patients underwent low-dose, loose-seed I(125) PPB as monotherapy with intraoperative planning. Patients were divided into three ...
Macalister Cora A - - 2012
The transition to flowering is a major determinant of plant architecture, and variation in the timing of flowering can have profound effects on inflorescence architecture, flower production and yield. Here, we show that the tomato mutant terminating flower (tmf) flowers early and converts the multiflowered inflorescence into a solitary flower ...
Thullner Martin - - 2012
Biodegradation of contaminants is a common remediation strategy for subsurface environments. To monitor the success of such remediation means a quantitative assessment of biodegradation at the field scale is required. Nevertheless, the reliable quantification of the in situ biodegradation process it is still a major challenge. Compound-specific stable isotope analysis ...
Wollman R - - 2012
The actin cortex both facilitates and hinders the exocytosis of secretory granules. How cells consolidate these two opposing roles was not well understood. Here we show that antigen activation of mast cells induces oscillations in Ca(2+) and PtdIns(4,5)P(2) lipid levels that in turn drive cyclic recruitment of N-WASP and cortical ...
Fu Jack J Department of Palliative Care and Rehabilitation Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, TX 77030, Houston, USA. - - 2013
This study aims to analyze the utilization and effectiveness of injectable spasticity medications by the physiatry team at a referral-based tertiary cancer center. A retrospective review and analysis of patient and injection characteristics were obtained from patients who had received onabotulinum toxin or phenol nerve block injections from December 1, ...
Thouvenot Eric - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the main nontraumatic cause of handicap in young adults. Immunomodulators and treatments limiting lymphocyte migration have been proven efficient to treat relapsing-remitting MS. Subcutaneous IFN-β1a improve relapse rate and MRI parameters in a series of double-blind, placebo-controlled trials in relapsing-remitting MS patients. Similar results, and with ...
Prosiegel M - - 2012
This article describes expert recommendations on the management of patients with acute stroke, who might suffer from dysphagia. The main goal is to reduce the risk of aspiration pneumonia (AP). Nurses or physicians should perform the standardized swallowing assessment (SSA) as soon as possible and speech-language therapists have to perform ...
Kudo-Saito Chie - - 2012
We previously found that cancer metastasis is accelerated by immunosuppression during Snail-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, the molecular mechanism still remained unclear. Here, we demonstrate that CCL2 is a critical determinant for both tumor metastasis and immunosuppression induced by Snail(+) tumor cells. CCL2 is significantly upregulated in various human tumor ...
Toi Masakazu - - 2012
Data reviewed at the Kyoto Breast Cancer Consensus Conference (KBCCC) showed that preoperative systemic therapy (PST) could optimize surgery through the utilization of information relating to pre- and post-PST tumor stage, therapeutic sensitivity, and treatment-induced changes in the biological characteristics of the tumor. As such, it was noted that the ...
Hirschmann Michael T MT Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Bruderholz, 4101, Bruderholz, Switzerland. - - 2013
SPECT/CT is a hybrid imaging modality, which combines a 3D scintigraphy (SPECT) and a conventional computerised tomography (CT). SPECT/CT allows accurate anatomical localisation of metabolic tracer activity. It allows the correlation of surgical factors such as tunnel position and orientation with mechanical alignment, clinical outcome and biological factors. The purpose ...
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