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Trajkovski Mirko - - 2012
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) uses the chemical energy of lipids and glucose to produce heat, a function that can be induced by cold exposure or diet. A key regulator of BAT is the gene encoding PR domain containing 16 (Prdm16), whose expression can drive differentiation of myogenic and white fat ...
Le Ngoc Hoan - - 2012
In this study, we investigated effects of pine nut oil (PNO) on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and metabolic dysfunction in skeletal muscle and brown adipose tissue (BAT). Male C57BL/6 mice were fed an HFD with 15% energy from lard and 30% either from soybean oil (SBO-HFD) or PNO (PNO-HFD) for ...
Le Aiwen - - 2012
PURPOSE: To explore the feasibility of surgical management of cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy (CSEP) using a transvaginal approach. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with CSEP presenting at the Shenzhen Nanshan People's hospital between January 2008 and May 2012 were reviewed in the study. Ten patients underwent uterine artery embolization, 13 patients underwent ...
Karumidze Natia - - 2012
Klebsiella bacteria have emerged as an increasingly important cause of community-acquired nosocomial infections. Extensive use of broad-spectrum antibiotics in hospitalised patients has led to both increased carriage of Klebsiella and the development of multidrug-resistant strains that frequently produce extended-spectrum β-lactamases and/or other defences against antibiotics. Many of these strains are ...
Wang Jing - - 2012
Acute inflammatory responses are important in host defense, whereas dysregulated inflammation results in life-threatening complications. Here we found that paired immunoglobulin-like type 2 receptor alpha (PILRα), an inhibitory receptor containing immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIMs), negatively regulated neutrophil infiltration during inflammation. Pilra(-/-) mice had increased neutrophil recruitment to inflammatory sites ...
Cardenas-Montemayor Eloy - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine functional and subjective results of patients who received arthroscopic debridement for their TFCC Palmer 1B lesions and to compare their results with those of arthroscopic suture repair. METHODS: Between March 2007 and August 2011, 36 patients were diagnosed with Palmer type ...
Woo Jae-Sung - - 2012
HmuUV is a bacterial ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter that catalyzes heme uptake into the cytoplasm of the Gram-negative pathogen Yersinia pestis. We report the crystal structure of HmuUV at 3.0 Å resolution in a nucleotide-free state, which features a heme translocation pathway in an outward-facing conformation, poised to accept a ...
Watzka F M - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Due to their rarity and lack of prospective trials, the optimal treatment of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNENs) is still debated. Recommendations gathered by retrospective analyses of patient data should be based on the new classification of neuroendocrine neoplasms. METHODS: In a retrospective single-center study (1990 to 2012), 127 patients ...
Kabashima Yoshiki - - 2012
Several bacteria possess membrane-bound dehydrogenases other than cytosolic dehydrogenases in their respiratory chains. In many cases, the membrane-bound malate:quinone oxidoreductases (MQOs) are essential for growth. However, these MQOs are absent in mammalian mitochondria, and therefore may be a potential drug target for pathogenic bacteria. To characterize the kinetic properties of ...
Tsunoda Akira - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to conduct a psychometric evaluation of the fecal incontinence quality of life scale (FIQL) in the Japanese language using rigorous methodologies. METHODS: The FIQL was translated into Japanese. After being linguistically validated, the Japanese version of the FIQL was administered to a sample ...
Magdon Paul - - 2012
Defining "forest land" is a complex issue and has been discussed for decades. Today, a confusing multitude of definitions of forest land are in use making comparison of forest area figures difficult. But currently, comparability is receiving much attention when it comes to install market mechanisms for ecosystem services. Minimum ...
Menke S Matthew - - 2012
Photoconversion in planar-heterojunction organic photovoltaic cells (OPVs) is limited by a short exciton diffusion length (L(D)) that restricts migration to the dissociating electron donor/acceptor interface. Consequently, bulk heterojunctions are often used to realize high efficiency as these structures reduce the distance an exciton must travel to be dissociated. Here, we ...
Zhou Wei - - 2012
Associations between adiponectin (ADIPOQ) genetic polymorphisms (rs2241766 G/T and rs266729 G/C) and cancer risk have been extensively studied in the past decade, while conflicting results were reported. Therefore, this study would explore the associations by using a meta-analysis. The databases of Medline, Embase, and Wangfang were retrieved, and the latest ...
Cakar Merih Kızıl - - 2012
To investigate the frequency of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related events after allogeneic HCT in a moderate endemic area for HBV infection. The data of 197 patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoetic stem cell transplatation (HCT) from September 2003 through December 2010 were reviewed retrospectively with respect to HBV-related events. Resolved HBV ...
Aoyama Masahito - - 2012
In this paper, we describe the effectiveness of our curve-fitting method by comparing liver volumes estimated by our new technique to volumes obtained with the standard manual contour-tracing method. Hepatic parenchymal-phase images of 13 patients were obtained with multi-detector CT scanners after intravenous bolus administration of 120-150 mL of contrast material ...
Ikbal Mohammed - - 2012
We have introduced a series of non-ionic photoacid generators (PAGs) for carboxylic and sulfonic acids based on N-hydroxy anthracene-1,9-dicarboxyimide (HADI). The newly synthesized PAGs exhibited positive solvachromatic emission (λmax (hexane) = 461 nm, λmax (ethanol) = 505 nm) as a function of solvent polarity. Irradiation of PAGs in acetonitrile (ACN) ...
Al-Biltagi Mohammed - - 2012
Thrombocytopenia can be a real challenge during cardiac surgery in children with cyanotic congenital heart disease. This report describes a 7-year-old girl with d-transposition of the great arteries, ventricular septal defect, pulmonary hypertension, chronic thrombocytopenia, polycythemia, and chronic renal impairment. The thrombocytopenia improved several days after splenectomy. The child then ...
Friedmacher Florian - - 2012
PURPOSE: The high morbidity of newborn infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is attributed to pulmonary hypoplasia (PH), which is characterized by a failure of alveolar development. The nitrofen-induced CDH model has been widely used to investigate the pathogenesis of PH in CDH. It has previously been shown that the ...
Yoon Kyoung Ho - - 2012
PURPOSE: In patients who underwent arthroscopic meniscectomy for medial meniscus tears, the authors wished to ascertain (1) whether varus alignment in the lower extremity would increase after an operation and (2) if so, what the related factors would be. METHODS: Among 181 patients from 20 to 60 years of age who ...
Avila-Alvarez Alejandro - - 2012
Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) in the newborn combined with persistent pulmonary hypertension was reported previously to occur in 3-12 % of full-term neonates with TGA. Right-to-left shunting at the ductal level causes severe hypoxemia despite prostaglandin infusion and balloon atrial septostomy. Although the introduction of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) ...
Rodríguez Martín José Antonio - - 2012
This study spatially analysed the relation between mercury (Hg) content in soil and Hg in rock fragment for the purpose of assessing natural soil Hg contribution compared with Hg from human inputs. We present the Hg content of 318 soil and rock fragment samples from 11 islands distributed into two ...
Omu Onutobor - - 2012
Religious faith is central to life for Muslim patients in Kuwait, so it may influence adaptation and rehabilitation. This study explored quantitative associations among religious faith, self-efficacy, and life satisfaction in 40 female stroke patients and explored the influence of religion within stroke rehabilitation through qualitative interviews with 12 health ...
Wang Chun-Guang - - 2012
The cerebrospinal fluid-contacting nucleus (CSF-CN) may influence actual composition of the CSF for non-synaptic signal transmission via releasing or absorbing bioactive substances, which distributes and localizes in the ventral periaqueductal central gray of the brainstem. Previous studies demonstrated that CSF-CN was involved in neuropathic pain and morphine dependence. Thus, to ...
Wang Zhitao - - 2012
Bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) were used as cell therapy for various diseases in recent years. Some reports showed that transplanted MSCs promote functional recovery in animal models of brain trauma. But other studies indicate that tissue replacement by this method may not be the main source of therapeutic benefit. ...
Hoblyn J C - - 2012
Predictive characteristics of subjects agreeing to be randomized into clinical trials for the treatment of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder have been little studied. In this study, we used data from the recruitment phase of a randomized trial that compared long acting injectable (LAI) risperidone to oral antipsychotic medications. Basic socio-demographic ...
Lu Da-Wen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To assess the efficacy and safety of anterior chamber paracentesis (ACP) and the changes in pH values in eyes with acute primary angle closure (APAC). METHODS: This retrospective case-control study involved 22 patients with APAC who underwent ACP (study group) and 21 patients with APAC who did not undergo ...
Mehrotra Shakti - - 2012
KEY MESSAGE : ANN-based combinatorial model is proposed and its efficiency is assessed for the prediction of optimal culture conditions to achieve maximum productivity in a bioprocess in terms of high biomass. A neural network approach is utilized in combination with Hidden Markov concept to assess the optimal values of ...
Cayre R O - - 2012
This report describes a case of an asymptomatic 18-year-old boy with a grade 1/6 ejection systolic murmur in the aortic area referred for an echocardiographic study to rule out a congenital heart disease. The patient had situs solitus, levocardia, bicuspid aortic valve, dilation of the proximal portions of the right ...
Guo Fawen - - 2012
Ultraviolet photodetectors have applications in fields such as medicine, communications and defence, and are typically made from single-crystalline silicon, silicon carbide or gallium nitride p-n junction photodiodes. However, such inorganic photodetectors are unsuitable for certain applications because of their high cost and low responsivity (<0.2 A W(-1)). Solution-processed photodetectors based on organic ...
Habbe Nils - - 2012
PURPOSE: Neuroendocrine tumors (NET) of the ileum/jejunum are rare and may require different treatment options to provide long-term survival. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the outcome of surgery for ileojejunal NET. METHODS: A database of patients that underwent surgery for ileojejunal NETs between 1999 and 2010 was ...
Deng Xiaohu - - 2012
A previous study showed that most ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients presented recurrence within 6 months post-discontinuation of etanercept. How to reduce recurrence following discontinuation of etanercept should be further researched. In this study, 111 ankylosing spondylitis patients meeting the Assessment in AS 20 % response (ASAS20) criteria after 12-week administration of etanercept ...
- - 2012
Burkitt lymphoma is a mature aggressive B-cell lymphoma derived from germinal center B cells. Its cytogenetic hallmark is the Burkitt translocation t(8;14)(q24;q32) and its variants, which juxtapose the MYC oncogene with one of the three immunoglobulin loci. Consequently, MYC is deregulated, resulting in massive perturbation of gene expression. Nevertheless, MYC ...
Riss Philipp - - 2012
PURPOSE: The indications and results of preoperative localization, surgical strategy, indication for thymectomy, the application of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) monitoring, cryopreservation, and replantation of cryopreserved parathyroid tissue are not well documented in renal hyperparathyroidism (RHPT). The current trends in surgery for RHPT are to be evaluated in an international ...
Ijumba Petrida - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In 2001, South Africa began implementing the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programme. This programme included distribution of free formula milk for infants up to 6 months of age at all public health facilities. Effective from 1 January 2011, KwaZulu-Natal became the first province to phase out ...
Kite Donna M - - 2012
With the approaching release of the DSM V in 2013, there has been much debate about the proposal to remove the diagnostic label of Asperger's disorder from the new DSM. This study explored how health and education professionals perceive the conditions of autism and Asperger's disorder and their views on ...
Holt Cheryl L - - 2012
Self-esteem and self-efficacy are theorized to serve as mediators of the relationship between religious involvement and health outcomes. Studies confirming these relationships have produced mixed evidence. This study examined whether self-esteem and self-efficacy mediate the relationship between religious involvement (beliefs, behaviors) and a set of modifiable health behaviors in a ...
Greber Basil J - - 2012
Eukaryotic ribosome biogenesis requires many protein factors that facilitate the assembly, nuclear export and final maturation of 40S and 60S particles. We have biochemically characterized ribosomal complexes of the yeast 60S-biogenesis factor Arx1 and late-maturation factors Rei1 and Jjj1 and determined their cryo-EM structures. Arx1 was visualized bound to the ...
Le Fur E - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of experience and technical changes on peri- and postimplantation (1 month later) dosimetry for permanent prostate brachytherapy (PPB). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From July 2003 to May 2010, 150 prostate cancer patients underwent low-dose, loose-seed I(125) PPB as monotherapy with intraoperative planning. Patients were divided into three ...
Zhou Dong-Jie - - 2012
A new strain, Enterobacter sp. ECU1107, was identified among over 200 soil isolates using a two-step screening strategy for the enantioselective synthesis of (2S,3R)-3-phenylglycidate methyl ester (PGM), a key intermediate for production of a potent anticancer drug Taxol(®). An organic-aqueous biphasic system was employed to reduce spontaneous hydrolysis of the ...
Song Jun - - 2012
Hydrogen embrittlement in metals has posed a serious obstacle to designing strong and reliable structural materials for many decades, and predictive physical mechanisms still do not exist. Here, a new H embrittlement mechanism operating at the atomic scale in α-iron is demonstrated. Direct molecular dynamics simulations reveal a ductile-to-brittle transition ...
Hamdan Abbas Abou - - 2012
We studied the mechanism of aerobic inactivation of Desulfovibrio fructosovorans nickel-iron (NiFe) hydrogenase by quantitatively examining the results of electrochemistry, EPR and FTIR experiments. They suggest that, contrary to the commonly accepted mechanism, the attacking O(2) is not incorporated as an active site ligand but, rather, acts as an electron ...
Dotan Moshe - - 2012
Coronary artery anomalies may increase the risk of sudden death. Despite awareness of this association with certain congenital heart anomalies such as tetralogy of Fallot and transposition of the great arteries, it is thought to be an infrequent finding in cases of isolated patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). The authors report ...
Friedrich Sabrina - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Meningiomas are mostly benign, but they may have a notorious tendency to recur when total resection is not possible. Systemic chemotherapeutical treatment has been largely disappointing. The treatment of meningiomas with the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor celecoxib showed inhibitory-growth effects in vitro and in vivo after subcutaneous transplantation into mouse. ...
Maljevic Snezana - - 2012
Potassium (K(+)) channels are encoded by approximately 80 genes in mammals. They are expressed in many tissues and have diverse physiological roles. Human K(+) channels are divided mainly into calcium (Ca(2+))-activated (K(Ca)), inward-rectifying (K(IR)), two-pore (K(2P)), and voltage-gated (K(v)) channels. The K(v) channels form the largest family, with approximately 40 ...
Wang Xudong - - 2012
The aggregation behaviors of a series of dissymmetric cationic Gemini surfactants, [CmH2m+1(CH3)2N(CH2)2N(CH3)2CnH2n+1]Br2, designated as m-2-n (with a fixed m + n = 24, m = 16, 14, 12) have been investigated in a protic ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate (EAN). Surface tension, polarized optical microscopy (POM), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and ...
Seker D - - 2012
PURPOSE: Small mesh size has been recognized as one of the factors responsible for recurrence after Lichtenstein hernia repair due to insufficient coverage or mesh shrinkage. The Lichtenstein Hernia Institute recommends a 7 × 15 cm mesh that can be trimmed up to 2 cm from the lateral side. We performed a systematic review ...
Israelsson Leif A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The most important wound complications are surgical site infection, wound dehiscence and incisional hernia. Experimental and clinical evidences support that the development of wound complications is closely related to the surgical technique at wound closure. RESULTS: The suture technique monitored through the suture length-to-wound length ratio is of major ...
Zare Hossein - - 2012
Because of its policy implications, the income elasticity of health care expenditures is a subject of much debate. Governments may have an interest in subsidizing the care of those with low income. Using more than two decades of data from the Iran Household Expenditure and Income Survey, this article investigates ...
Lanni Stefano - - 2012
US is a powerful tool for the assessment of joint synovitis in children with JIA and has been shown to be more accurate than clinical examination in detecting synovial disease. Recent studies have documented the presence of US-detected synovial pathology in children with JIA in clinical remission. US assessment enables ...
Luo Gang - - 2012
In situ biogas upgrading was conducted by introducing H(2) directly to the anaerobic reactor. As H(2) addition is associated with consumption of the CO(2) in the biogas reactor, pH increased to higher than 8.0 when manure alone was used as substrate. By co-digestion of manure with acidic whey, the pH ...
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