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Tanemura Akihiro - - 2012
Pancreatic tumor metastasis from colorectal cancer is very rare. This study evaluated the significance of an endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNAB) and surgical treatment. Case 1 was a 67-year-old male with a history of rectal cancer (6 years ago) and lung metastases (5 years ago) who had two masses in the ...
Crespo Gastón A - - 2012
An electrochemical sensing protocol based on supported liquid ion-selective membranes for the direct detection of total alkalinity of a sample that contains a weak base such as Tris (pKa = 8.2) is presented here for the first time. Alkalinity is determined by imposing a defined flux of hydrogen ions from ...
Zhou Dong-Jie - - 2012
A new strain, Enterobacter sp. ECU1107, was identified among over 200 soil isolates using a two-step screening strategy for the enantioselective synthesis of (2S,3R)-3-phenylglycidate methyl ester (PGM), a key intermediate for production of a potent anticancer drug Taxol(®). An organic-aqueous biphasic system was employed to reduce spontaneous hydrolysis of the ...
Song Jun - - 2012
Hydrogen embrittlement in metals has posed a serious obstacle to designing strong and reliable structural materials for many decades, and predictive physical mechanisms still do not exist. Here, a new H embrittlement mechanism operating at the atomic scale in α-iron is demonstrated. Direct molecular dynamics simulations reveal a ductile-to-brittle transition ...
Örtqvist Maria - - 2012
The Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) is distinguished from other knee-specific measures by the inclusion of separate scales for evaluation of activities of daily living, sports and recreation function, and knee-related quality of life, with presentation of separate subscale scores as a profile. However, its applicability in children ...
Le Ngoc Hoan - - 2012
In this study, we investigated effects of pine nut oil (PNO) on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and metabolic dysfunction in skeletal muscle and brown adipose tissue (BAT). Male C57BL/6 mice were fed an HFD with 15% energy from lard and 30% either from soybean oil (SBO-HFD) or PNO (PNO-HFD) for ...
Le Aiwen - - 2012
PURPOSE: To explore the feasibility of surgical management of cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy (CSEP) using a transvaginal approach. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with CSEP presenting at the Shenzhen Nanshan People's hospital between January 2008 and May 2012 were reviewed in the study. Ten patients underwent uterine artery embolization, 13 patients underwent ...
Karumidze Natia - - 2012
Klebsiella bacteria have emerged as an increasingly important cause of community-acquired nosocomial infections. Extensive use of broad-spectrum antibiotics in hospitalised patients has led to both increased carriage of Klebsiella and the development of multidrug-resistant strains that frequently produce extended-spectrum β-lactamases and/or other defences against antibiotics. Many of these strains are ...
Wang Jing - - 2012
Acute inflammatory responses are important in host defense, whereas dysregulated inflammation results in life-threatening complications. Here we found that paired immunoglobulin-like type 2 receptor alpha (PILRα), an inhibitory receptor containing immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIMs), negatively regulated neutrophil infiltration during inflammation. Pilra(-/-) mice had increased neutrophil recruitment to inflammatory sites ...
Murai Aya - - 2012
Facial nerve edema is an important finding in Bell's palsy patients. Inflammation may cause facial nerve edema, and mechanical compression and ischemic change of the facial nerve may occur in the facial nerve canal. A few studies have reported the dimensions of the facial nerve canal using conventional computed tomography ...
MacAskill Andrew F AF Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, New York, - - 2012
We found that medium spiny neurons (MSNs) in both the direct and indirect pathways of the mouse nucleus accumbens (NAc) receive inputs from the cortex, thalamus and hippocampus. However, hippocampal inputs were much weaker onto indirect MSNs, where they contacted small spines located in the distal dendrites. This selective targeting ...
Huang Andrew T - - 2012
Granular cell tumors (GCT) of the head and neck are not uncommon; however, involvement of the cervical esophagus is rare. Characterized by an infiltrative growth pattern, these benign tumors are historically difficult to surgically excise and are radioresistant. We present here a case of dysphagia caused by a GCT of ...
Lemmers Richard J L F - - 2012
Facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD) is characterized by chromatin relaxation of the D4Z4 macrosatellite array on chromosome 4 and expression of the D4Z4-encoded DUX4 gene in skeletal muscle. The more common form, autosomal dominant FSHD1, is caused by contraction of the D4Z4 array, whereas the genetic determinants and inheritance of D4Z4 array ...
Holsinger R M Damian - - 2012
Cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein by enzymes commonly referred to as β- and γ-secretase constitute an important process in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The regulation of this process is therefore an important subject of investigation. Numerous sources of endogenous regulation have been identified, and one of these ...
Cáceres-Saez Iris - - 2012
A survey of the elemental contents of K, Mg, Mn, Na, Cl, Br, Cs, Co, Rb, Fe, Zn, Al, Ti, V, As, Ag, Au and Cd in liver, kidney and muscle was performed in specimens of Commerson's dolphins (Cephalorhynchus c. commersonii) from subantarctic waters. The concentrations were determined by Instrumental ...
Landy Nathan - - 2012
Invisibility is a notion that has long captivated the popular imagination. However, in 2006, invisibility became a practical matter for the scientific community as well, with the suggestion that artificially structured metamaterials could enable a new electromagnetic design paradigm, now termed transformation optics. Since the advent of transformation optics and ...
van der Vliet Dennis F - - 2012
Among the most challenging issues in technologies for electrochemical energy conversion are the insufficient activity of the catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction, catalyst degradation and carbon-support corrosion. In an effort to address these barriers, we aimed towards carbon-free multi/bimetallic materials in the form of mesostructured thin films with tailored ...
Daugaard Cecilie Laubjerg - - 2012
Hip fractures are associated with high mortality, but the cause of this is still not entirely clear. We investigated the effect of surgical delay, weekends, holidays, and time of day admission on mortality in hip fracture patients. Using data from the Danish National Indicator Project, we identified 38,020 patients admitted ...
Soskis Michael J MJ Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2012
EphB receptor tyrosine kinases control multiple steps in nervous system development. However, it remains unclear whether EphBs regulate these different developmental processes directly or indirectly. In addition, given that EphBs signal through multiple mechanisms, it has been challenging to define which signaling functions of EphBs regulate particular developmental events. To ...
Evans Vanessa C - - 2012
Identification of proteins by tandem mass spectrometry requires a reference protein database, but these are only available for model species. Here we demonstrate that, for a non-model species, the sequencing of expressed mRNA can generate a protein database for mass spectrometry-based identification. This combination of high-throughput sequencing and protein identification ...
Kim Young-Kwan - - 2012
Surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) has been extensively investigated since its discovery on rough Ag surface because of high sensitivity and resolution. Ag nanostructures are considered highly active for SERS but their liability to oxidization impedes their practical applications as a SERS-based sensing platform. Here, we show that graphene oxide ...
Frey Benicio N - - 2012
Depression during midlife years may lead to significant sleep disturbances and adversely impact quality of life (QOL). In this report, we examined the effects of treatment with quetiapine extended release (XR), 150-300 mg/day, on sleep and QOL in 23 midlife women with major depressive disorder (MDD). Quetiapine XR improved subjective sleep ...
Balasubramanian Deepak - - 2013
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a metabolically versatile bacterium that is found in a wide range of biotic and abiotic habitats. It is a major human opportunistic pathogen causing numerous acute and chronic infections. The critical traits contributing to the pathogenic potential of P. aeruginosa are the production of a myriad of ...
Cardenas-Montemayor Eloy - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine functional and subjective results of patients who received arthroscopic debridement for their TFCC Palmer 1B lesions and to compare their results with those of arthroscopic suture repair. METHODS: Between March 2007 and August 2011, 36 patients were diagnosed with Palmer type ...
Tanaka Atsushi - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Progranulin (PGRN) is the precursor of granulin (GRN) that is a soluble cofactor for toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) signaling evoked by oligonucleotide (CpG)-DNA. Since TLR9 signaling plays an important role in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we investigated whether PGRN is involved in the pathogenesis of SLE. METHODS: We ...
Woo Jae-Sung - - 2012
HmuUV is a bacterial ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter that catalyzes heme uptake into the cytoplasm of the Gram-negative pathogen Yersinia pestis. We report the crystal structure of HmuUV at 3.0 Å resolution in a nucleotide-free state, which features a heme translocation pathway in an outward-facing conformation, poised to accept a ...
Watzka F M - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Due to their rarity and lack of prospective trials, the optimal treatment of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNENs) is still debated. Recommendations gathered by retrospective analyses of patient data should be based on the new classification of neuroendocrine neoplasms. METHODS: In a retrospective single-center study (1990 to 2012), 127 patients ...
Deng Xiaohu - - 2012
A previous study showed that most ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients presented recurrence within 6 months post-discontinuation of etanercept. How to reduce recurrence following discontinuation of etanercept should be further researched. In this study, 111 ankylosing spondylitis patients meeting the Assessment in AS 20 % response (ASAS20) criteria after 12-week administration of etanercept ...
- - 2012
Burkitt lymphoma is a mature aggressive B-cell lymphoma derived from germinal center B cells. Its cytogenetic hallmark is the Burkitt translocation t(8;14)(q24;q32) and its variants, which juxtapose the MYC oncogene with one of the three immunoglobulin loci. Consequently, MYC is deregulated, resulting in massive perturbation of gene expression. Nevertheless, MYC ...
Lee Geun-Shik GS Inflammatory Disease Section, Medical Genetics Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, - - 2012
Mutations in the gene encoding NLRP3 cause a spectrum of autoinflammatory diseases known as cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS). NLRP3 is a key component of one of several distinct cytoplasmic multiprotein complexes (inflammasomes) that mediate the maturation of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β) by activating caspase-1. Although several models for inflammasome ...
Shiffman Saul S Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, 130 N. Bellefield Avenue, Suite 510, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2013
Non-daily, or intermittent smokers (ITS), are increasingly prevalent. Their smoking may be more situational than that of daily smokers (DS), and thus is hypothesized to be more influenced by cues. To assess ITS' response to cues, and compare it to that of DS. Samples of 239 ITS and 207 DS ...
Riss Philipp - - 2012
PURPOSE: The indications and results of preoperative localization, surgical strategy, indication for thymectomy, the application of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) monitoring, cryopreservation, and replantation of cryopreserved parathyroid tissue are not well documented in renal hyperparathyroidism (RHPT). The current trends in surgery for RHPT are to be evaluated in an international ...
Ijumba Petrida - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In 2001, South Africa began implementing the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programme. This programme included distribution of free formula milk for infants up to 6 months of age at all public health facilities. Effective from 1 January 2011, KwaZulu-Natal became the first province to phase out ...
Kite Donna M - - 2012
With the approaching release of the DSM V in 2013, there has been much debate about the proposal to remove the diagnostic label of Asperger's disorder from the new DSM. This study explored how health and education professionals perceive the conditions of autism and Asperger's disorder and their views on ...
Okugawa Yoshinaga - - 2012
Smad interacting protein 1 (SIP1) is an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-inducible gene that plays a key role in tumor progression in various cancers. This study seeks to clarify the clinical and biological significance of SIP1 expression, especially in intestinal type gastric cancer. We analyzed the mRNA levels of SIP1 and other ...
Dorenkamp M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: With increasing numbers of implanted pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) and a rising incidence of malignant tumors, there is a growing probability of radiation-mediated device dysfunction. The only guidelines for the management of patients with cardiac pacemakers in the case of radiation therapy were published in 1994 and ...
Guignard Marie - - 2012
Layered oxides are the subject of intense studies either for their properties as electrode materials for high-energy batteries or for their original physical properties due to the strong electronic correlations resulting from their unique structure. Here we present the detailed phase diagram of the layered P2-Na(x)VO(2) system determined from electrochemical ...
Froberg Lonnie - - 2012
Historically, the treatment of periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFFs) has been associated with a high frequency of complications and reoperations. The preferred treatment is internal fixation, a revision of the femoral stem, or a combination of both. An improved understanding of plate use during internal fixation, and the introduction of locking-plate ...
Parvatiyar Kislay K Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, - - 2012
The induction of type I interferons by the bacterial secondary messengers cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP) or cyclic di-AMP (c-di-AMP) is dependent on a signaling axis that involves the adaptor STING, the kinase TBK1 and the transcription factor IRF3. Here we identified the heliase DDX41 as a pattern-recognition receptor (PRR) that sensed ...
Ochi Kozo - - 2013
Genome sequencing of Streptomyces, myxobacteria, and fungi showed that although each strain contains genes that encode the enzymes to synthesize a plethora of potential secondary metabolites, only a fraction are expressed during fermentation. Interest has therefore grown in the activation of these cryptic pathways. We review current progress on this ...
Hamdan Abbas Abou - - 2012
We studied the mechanism of aerobic inactivation of Desulfovibrio fructosovorans nickel-iron (NiFe) hydrogenase by quantitatively examining the results of electrochemistry, EPR and FTIR experiments. They suggest that, contrary to the commonly accepted mechanism, the attacking O(2) is not incorporated as an active site ligand but, rather, acts as an electron ...
Dotan Moshe - - 2012
Coronary artery anomalies may increase the risk of sudden death. Despite awareness of this association with certain congenital heart anomalies such as tetralogy of Fallot and transposition of the great arteries, it is thought to be an infrequent finding in cases of isolated patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). The authors report ...
Friedrich Sabrina - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Meningiomas are mostly benign, but they may have a notorious tendency to recur when total resection is not possible. Systemic chemotherapeutical treatment has been largely disappointing. The treatment of meningiomas with the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor celecoxib showed inhibitory-growth effects in vitro and in vivo after subcutaneous transplantation into mouse. ...
Maljevic Snezana - - 2012
Potassium (K(+)) channels are encoded by approximately 80 genes in mammals. They are expressed in many tissues and have diverse physiological roles. Human K(+) channels are divided mainly into calcium (Ca(2+))-activated (K(Ca)), inward-rectifying (K(IR)), two-pore (K(2P)), and voltage-gated (K(v)) channels. The K(v) channels form the largest family, with approximately 40 ...
Zhou Wei - - 2012
Associations between adiponectin (ADIPOQ) genetic polymorphisms (rs2241766 G/T and rs266729 G/C) and cancer risk have been extensively studied in the past decade, while conflicting results were reported. Therefore, this study would explore the associations by using a meta-analysis. The databases of Medline, Embase, and Wangfang were retrieved, and the latest ...
Damashek Amy A Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, MI 49008, USA. - - 2013
Research indicates that mothers' supervision protects children from injuries. However, little research has examined the role of fathers' supervision in children's injuries. This study compared the role of maternal and paternal supervision in children's injury risk and severity using maternal reports. Mothers (n = 170) of toddlers were interviewed for ...
Zhu Weiquan W Department of Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, - - 2012
The innate immune response is essential for combating infectious disease. Macrophages and other cells respond to infection by releasing cytokines, such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β), which in turn activate a well-described, myeloid-differentiation factor 88 (MYD88)-mediated, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)-dependent transcriptional pathway that results in inflammatory-cell activation and recruitment. Endothelial cells, which usually ...
Cakar Merih Kızıl - - 2012
To investigate the frequency of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related events after allogeneic HCT in a moderate endemic area for HBV infection. The data of 197 patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoetic stem cell transplatation (HCT) from September 2003 through December 2010 were reviewed retrospectively with respect to HBV-related events. Resolved HBV ...
Mehrotra Shakti - - 2012
KEY MESSAGE : ANN-based combinatorial model is proposed and its efficiency is assessed for the prediction of optimal culture conditions to achieve maximum productivity in a bioprocess in terms of high biomass. A neural network approach is utilized in combination with Hidden Markov concept to assess the optimal values of ...
Cayre R O - - 2012
This report describes a case of an asymptomatic 18-year-old boy with a grade 1/6 ejection systolic murmur in the aortic area referred for an echocardiographic study to rule out a congenital heart disease. The patient had situs solitus, levocardia, bicuspid aortic valve, dilation of the proximal portions of the right ...
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