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Results 301 - 350 of 4623
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Miragoli Michele - - 2012
Aim: To investigate the effect of surface charge of therapeutic nanoparticles on sarcolemmal ionic homeostasis and the initiation of arrhythmias. Materials & methods: Cultured neonatal rat myocytes were exposed to 50 nm-charged polystyrene latex nanoparticles and examined using a combination of hopping probe scanning ion conductance microscopy, optical recording of ...
Das Shaoli - - 2012
Investigations have revealed that silencing unwanted transcripts or off-targeting can induce false positive phenotype during RNA interference (RNAi)-based gene function study. But still the standard computational approaches towards small interfering RNA (siRNA) off-target minimization fall short in terms of addressing this false positive phenotype issue. Some of these off-targets may ...
Brede Christian - - 2012
Understanding the spatiotemporal changes of cellular and molecular events within an organism is crucial to elucidate the complex immune processes involved in infections, autoimmune disorders, transplantation, and neoplastic transformation and metastasis. Here we introduce a novel multicolor light sheet fluorescence microscopy (LSFM) approach for deciphering immune processes in large tissue ...
Çuburu Nicolas - - 2012
The induction of persistent intraepithelial CD8+ T cell responses may be key to the development of vaccines against mucosally transmitted pathogens, particularly for sexually transmitted diseases. Here we investigated CD8+ T cell responses in the female mouse cervicovaginal mucosa after intravaginal immunization with human papillomavirus vectors (HPV pseudoviruses) that transiently ...
Sheng Zijing - - 2012
8-Oxoguanine (8-oxoG), a common DNA lesion caused by reactive oxygen species, is associated with carcinogenesis and neurodegeneration. Although the mechanism by which 8-oxoG causes carcinogenesis is well understood, the mechanism by which it causes neurodegeneration is unknown. Here, we report that neurodegeneration is triggered by MUTYH-mediated excision repair of 8-oxoG-paired ...
Nishio Miki - - 2012
Mps one binder 1a (MOB1A) and MOB1B are key components of the Hippo signaling pathway and are mutated or inactivated in many human cancers. Here we show that intact Mob1a or Mob1b is essential for murine embryogenesis and that loss of the remaining WT Mob1 allele in Mob1a(Δ/Δ)1b(tr/+) or Mob1a(Δ/+)1b(tr/tr) ...
Hart Lori S - - 2012
The proto-oncogene c-Myc paradoxically activates both proliferation and apoptosis. In the pathogenic state, c-Myc-induced apoptosis is bypassed via a critical, yet poorly understood escape mechanism that promotes cellular transformation and tumorigenesis. The accumulation of unfolded proteins in the ER initiates a cellular stress program termed the unfolded protein response (UPR) ...
Zhang Ming-Zhi - - 2012
Renal tubule epithelia represent the primary site of damage in acute kidney injury (AKI), a process initiated and propagated by the infiltration of macrophages. Here we investigated the role of resident renal macrophages and dendritic cells in recovery from AKI after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury or a novel diphtheria toxin-induced (DT-induced) ...
Riday Thorfinn T - - 2012
Angelman syndrome (AS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by maternal deletions or mutations of the ubiquitin ligase E3A (UBE3A) allele and characterized by minimal verbal communication, seizures, and disorders of voluntary movement. Previous studies have suggested that abnormal dopamine neurotransmission may underlie some of these deficits, but no effective treatment ...
Zhang Ting-Xing - - 2013
To investigate the effects of a single dose of metformin (MF) on endothelium-dependent vasodilatation and serum antioxidant and free fatty acid levels in patients with primary hypertension (PH) after an acute glucose load. Patients with untreated PH were randomized to a no-metformin group (PH, n = 34) and a metformin ...
Jones R Brad RB Department of Immunology, University of Toronto, and Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2012
The genetic diversity of HIV-1 represents a major challenge in vaccine development. In this study, we establish a rationale for eliminating HIV-1-infected cells by targeting cellular immune responses against stable human endogenous retroviral (HERV) antigens. HERV DNA sequences in the human genome represent the remnants of ancient infectious retroviruses. We ...
Keum Jung-Won JW Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, - - 2012
Non-Watson-Crick base pairing provides an in situ approach for actuation of DNA nanostructures through responses to solution conditions. Here we demonstrate this concept by using physiologically-relevant changes in pH to regulate DNA pyramid assembly/disassembly and to control the release of protein cargo.
Chiba Junya J Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, Sugitani 2630, Toyama 930-0194, Japan. - - 2012
APOBEC3G catalyzes deamination of cytosines in HIV-1 genome, and restricts the HIV-1 infection. Here, we propose a picomole-scale assay for the detection of DNA deamination catalyzed by APOBEC3G. Our results show the suitability of the developed method for a time course analysis of enzyme-catalyzed DNA modifications.
Hope Jennifer M JM Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, - - 2013
A platinum(II) complex of a monoanionic, tetradentate β-diketiminate (BDI) ligand with pendant quinoline arms, BDI(QQ)H, is reported. The complex, [Pt(BDI(QQ))]Cl, is emissive in DMSO, but non-emissive in aqueous buffer. Upon binding DNA in buffer, however, a 150-fold turn-on in emission intensity occurs. Dynamic light scattering and (1)H NMR spectroscopy indicate ...
Maeda Yutaka Y Perinatal Institute, Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center and University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229-3039, - - 2012
Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the lung is a subtype of highly invasive pulmonary tumors and is associated with decreased or absent expression of the transcription factor NK2 homeobox 1 (NKX2-1; also known as TTF-1). Here, we show that haploinsufficiency of Nkx2-1 in combination with oncogenic Kras(G12D), but not with oncogenic EGFR(L858R), ...
Duncan Tanya M TM Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, - - 2013
Folate status and the status of the methionine cycle are typically assessed by measuring folate and metabolites in the plasma. It is assumed that plasma metabolite levels are proportional to their levels in tissues, but there is little information to support this assumption. We developed a mathematical model, based on ...
Holsinger R M Damian - - 2012
Cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein by enzymes commonly referred to as β- and γ-secretase constitute an important process in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The regulation of this process is therefore an important subject of investigation. Numerous sources of endogenous regulation have been identified, and one of these ...
Cáceres-Saez Iris - - 2012
A survey of the elemental contents of K, Mg, Mn, Na, Cl, Br, Cs, Co, Rb, Fe, Zn, Al, Ti, V, As, Ag, Au and Cd in liver, kidney and muscle was performed in specimens of Commerson's dolphins (Cephalorhynchus c. commersonii) from subantarctic waters. The concentrations were determined by Instrumental ...
Landy Nathan - - 2012
Invisibility is a notion that has long captivated the popular imagination. However, in 2006, invisibility became a practical matter for the scientific community as well, with the suggestion that artificially structured metamaterials could enable a new electromagnetic design paradigm, now termed transformation optics. Since the advent of transformation optics and ...
van der Vliet Dennis F - - 2012
Among the most challenging issues in technologies for electrochemical energy conversion are the insufficient activity of the catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction, catalyst degradation and carbon-support corrosion. In an effort to address these barriers, we aimed towards carbon-free multi/bimetallic materials in the form of mesostructured thin films with tailored ...
Michalek Matthias - - 2012
Human pathogens often produce soluble protein toxins that generate pores inside membranes, resulting in the death of target cells and tissue damage. In pathogenic amoebae, this has been exemplified with amoebapores of the enteric protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica. Here we characterize acanthaporin, to our knowledge the first pore-forming toxin to ...
Thomas S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of literature regarding the influence of anthropometric features on the hamstring graft obtained in ACL reconstruction. This study was undertaken to assess the influence of anthropometric measurements on the graft diameter obtained at ACL reconstruction surgery within the European population. We hypothesise that anthropometric features ...
Braun Joerg E - - 2012
The removal of the mRNA 5' cap structure by the decapping enzyme DCP2 leads to rapid 5'→3' mRNA degradation by XRN1, suggesting that the two processes are coordinated, but the coupling mechanism is unknown. DCP2 associates with the decapping activators EDC4 and DCP1. Here we show that XRN1 directly interacts ...
Tee Benjamin C-K - - 2012
Pressure sensitivity and mechanical self-healing are two vital functions of the human skin. A flexible and electrically conducting material that can sense mechanical forces and yet be able to self-heal repeatably can be of use in emerging fields such as soft robotics and biomimetic prostheses, but combining all these properties ...
Tanemura Akihiro - - 2012
Pancreatic tumor metastasis from colorectal cancer is very rare. This study evaluated the significance of an endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNAB) and surgical treatment. Case 1 was a 67-year-old male with a history of rectal cancer (6 years ago) and lung metastases (5 years ago) who had two masses in the ...
Crespo Gastón A - - 2012
An electrochemical sensing protocol based on supported liquid ion-selective membranes for the direct detection of total alkalinity of a sample that contains a weak base such as Tris (pKa = 8.2) is presented here for the first time. Alkalinity is determined by imposing a defined flux of hydrogen ions from ...
Agrawal Kanhaiyalal - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to assess the utility of F-18-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (F-18 FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in assessing bone marrow involvement (BMI) compared to bone marrow biopsy (BMB) in initial staging of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) in pediatric patients. METHODS: Data of 38 pediatric patients (mean ...
Martínez-Quintana Efrén - - 2012
Subclinical hypothyroidism usually is asymptomatic, but it can be associated with various adverse cardiologic outcomes. With the objective of gaining insight into the role of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in congenital heart abnormalities, this study measured serum TSH concentrations in different subtypes of grown-up congenital heart disease (GUCHD) patients. Serum TSH ...
Vágvölgyi Csaba - - 2012
In this study, more than 150 bacteria showing antagonistic properties against bacterial and fungal pathogens of the tomato plant were isolated and characterized. The most efficient agents against these phytopathogenic microorganisms belong to the genus Bacillus: the best biocontrol isolates were representatives of Bacillus subtilis, B. mojavensis and B. amyloliquefaciens ...
Hussman Julia M - - 2012
Palivizumab prophylaxis has been demonstrated to reduce the number of hospitalizations attributable to respiratory syncytial virus in high-risk infants. However, as palivizumab acquisition costs are high, quantifying cost-effectiveness is important. The primary aim of this review was to examine the cost-effectiveness of palivizumab across numerous indications in high-risk infants and ...
Kakinoki Keitaro - - 2012
PURPOSE: Although splenectomy plays an important role in the management of patients with liver cirrhosis, the optimal technique, open surgery, total laparoscopic surgery or hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS), has not yet been defined. The present study evaluated the outcomes of HALS splenectomy for cirrhotic patients. METHODS: A total of 28 ...
van Rooyen Heidi - - 2012
Mounting evidence exists that mobile voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) is able to extend coverage to new localities and populations. We describe two feasibility and acceptability pilot studies conducted in rural and urban South Africa in preparation for the larger NIMH Project Accept HIV prevention trial. A total of 1,015 ...
Ma Brigette B Y - - 2012
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is endemic to Asia and over 40 % of NPC tissues harbor PIK3CA amplifications. This study characterized the preclinical activity of MK-2206, an oral allosteric inhibitor of AKT in 6 NPC cell lines: C666-1, HK1, HONE-1-EBV, HONE-1, CNE-2 and HNE-1. Exposure to increasing concentrations of MK-2206 resulted in ...
Ji Hong-Fei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether focal adhesion kinase (FAK) overexpression correlates with lymph node metastases and prognosis. METHODS: The protein expression of FAK was investigated in 153 paraffin-embedded tissues by immunohistochemical analysis and then correlated with various clinicopathologic parameters. FAK mRNA level was detected with ...
Littrell Megan - - 2012
Coverage of case management interventions remains low and inadequate to achieve millennium development goal (MDG) target reductions in child mortality. Children living in the poorest households are particularly disadvantaged. Community case management (CCM) uses trained and supervised community health workers to improve access to, quality of and demand for effective ...
Hus Vanessa - - 2012
Standardized Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) scores provide a measure of autism severity that is less influenced by child characteristics than raw totals (Gotham et al. in Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(5), 693-705 2009). However, these scores combine symptoms from the Social Affect (SA) and Restricted and Repetitive ...
Taxman Faye S - - 2012
Clinical trials on technology transfer models are rare, even with the interest in advancing the uptake of evidence-based practices in social service agencies. This article presents the results from a trial examining different transfer strategies to assist juvenile justice caseworkers in using screening, assessment, and case planning practices to address ...
Northam Gemma B - - 2012
Although language difficulties are common in children born prematurely, robust neuroanatomical correlates of these impairments remain to be established. This study investigated whether the greater prevalence of language problems in preterm (versus term-born) children might reflect injury to major intra- or interhemispheric white matter pathways connecting frontal and temporal language ...
Wang Xiaoya - - 2012
This paper presents the preparation of novel thiacalixarene (TCA) covalently functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), and an enhanced differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetric procedure for the determination of trace amounts of Pb2+ ions, which relies on the selective accumulation of the metals at a TCA-MWCNT-modified glassy carbon electrode. Through a ...
Krishnan Archana - - 2012
HIV-infected individuals with substance use disorders have a high prevalence of medical and psychiatric morbidities that complicate treatment. Incarceration further disrupts healthcare access and utilization. Without appropriate diagnosis and treatment, drug relapse upon release exceeds 85 %, which contributes to poor health outcomes. A prospective cohort of 1,032 HIV-infected jail detainees ...
Runeson-Broberg Roma - - 2012
PURPOSE: Medical symptoms called sick building syndrome (SBS) and sick house syndrome (SHS) are usually investigated separately: in this study, SBS and SHS were explored simultaneously. The significance of personal factors, perceptions of air quality, and psychosocial work situation in explaining SBS and SHS were investigated. METHODS: A random sample ...
Wang Guowen - - 2012
Aerobic granule was successfully cultivated in SBR (sequencing batch reactor) by struvite carrier (magnesium ammonium phosphate, MgNH(4)PO(4)), which can increase polysaccharides to 42.2 mg/gMLVSS (mixed liquor volatile suspended solid) versus only 28.4 mg/gMLVSS of the sludge without it. Meanwhile, it was found that struvite play a positive role in initial granulation and ...
Trajkovski Mirko - - 2012
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) uses the chemical energy of lipids and glucose to produce heat, a function that can be induced by cold exposure or diet. A key regulator of BAT is the gene encoding PR domain containing 16 (Prdm16), whose expression can drive differentiation of myogenic and white fat ...
Le Ngoc Hoan - - 2012
In this study, we investigated effects of pine nut oil (PNO) on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and metabolic dysfunction in skeletal muscle and brown adipose tissue (BAT). Male C57BL/6 mice were fed an HFD with 15% energy from lard and 30% either from soybean oil (SBO-HFD) or PNO (PNO-HFD) for ...
Le Aiwen - - 2012
PURPOSE: To explore the feasibility of surgical management of cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy (CSEP) using a transvaginal approach. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with CSEP presenting at the Shenzhen Nanshan People's hospital between January 2008 and May 2012 were reviewed in the study. Ten patients underwent uterine artery embolization, 13 patients underwent ...
Karumidze Natia - - 2012
Klebsiella bacteria have emerged as an increasingly important cause of community-acquired nosocomial infections. Extensive use of broad-spectrum antibiotics in hospitalised patients has led to both increased carriage of Klebsiella and the development of multidrug-resistant strains that frequently produce extended-spectrum β-lactamases and/or other defences against antibiotics. Many of these strains are ...
Wang Jing - - 2012
Acute inflammatory responses are important in host defense, whereas dysregulated inflammation results in life-threatening complications. Here we found that paired immunoglobulin-like type 2 receptor alpha (PILRα), an inhibitory receptor containing immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIMs), negatively regulated neutrophil infiltration during inflammation. Pilra(-/-) mice had increased neutrophil recruitment to inflammatory sites ...
Cardenas-Montemayor Eloy - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine functional and subjective results of patients who received arthroscopic debridement for their TFCC Palmer 1B lesions and to compare their results with those of arthroscopic suture repair. METHODS: Between March 2007 and August 2011, 36 patients were diagnosed with Palmer type ...
Woo Jae-Sung - - 2012
HmuUV is a bacterial ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter that catalyzes heme uptake into the cytoplasm of the Gram-negative pathogen Yersinia pestis. We report the crystal structure of HmuUV at 3.0 Å resolution in a nucleotide-free state, which features a heme translocation pathway in an outward-facing conformation, poised to accept a ...
Watzka F M - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Due to their rarity and lack of prospective trials, the optimal treatment of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNENs) is still debated. Recommendations gathered by retrospective analyses of patient data should be based on the new classification of neuroendocrine neoplasms. METHODS: In a retrospective single-center study (1990 to 2012), 127 patients ...
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