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Althabegoiti M Julia - - 2012
Here we present the genome sequence of Rhizobium grahamii CCGE502. R. grahamii groups with other newly described broad-host-range species, which are not very efficient Phaseolus vulgaris symbionts, with a wide geographic distribution and which constitutes a novel Rhizobium clade.
Liu Guangjin - - 2012
This work describes a whole-genome sequence of Streptococcus agalactiae strain GD201008-001, a pathogen causing meningoencephalitis in cultural tilapia in China. The genome sequence provides opportunities to understand the piscine GBS pathogenicity and its genetic basis associated with host tropism.
Wang Yufei - - 2012
Brucella abortus is one of the common pathogens causing brucellosis in China. Here, we report the genome sequence of B. abortus strain 134, a strain isolated from a human patient and belonging to biovar 1, the most highly represented biovar among B. abortus strains in China.
Kim Kwang Kyu - - 2012
Halogranum salarium is an extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from evaporitic salt crystals and belongs to the family Halobacteriaceae. Here, we present the 4.5-Mb draft genome sequence of the type strain (B-1(T)) of H. salarium. This is the first report of the draft genome sequence of a haloarchaeon in the genus ...
Ngeow Yun Fong - - 2012
Mycobacterium abscessus is an environmental bacterium with increasing clinical relevance. Here, we report the annotated whole-genome sequence of M. abscessus strain M152.
Silva Artur - - 2012
Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is of major veterinary importance because it affects many animal species, causing economically significant livestock diseases and losses. Therefore, the genomic sequencing of various lines of this organism, isolated from different hosts, will aid in the development of diagnostic methods and new prevention and treatment strategies and improve ...
de Oliveira Cunha Cláudio - - 2012
The genus Burkholderia represents a challenge to the fields of taxonomy and phylogeny and, especially, to the understanding of the contrasting roles as either opportunistic pathogens or bacteria with biotechnological potential. Few genomes of nonpathogenic strains, especially of diazotrophic symbiotic bacteria, have been sequenced to improve understanding of the genus. ...
Lai Qiliang - - 2012
Cycloclasticus sp. strain P1 was isolated from deep-sea sediments of the Pacific Ocean and characterized as a unique bacterium in the degradation of pyrene, a four-ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH). Here we report the complete genome of P1 and genes associated with PAH degradation.
Chen Jian-Woon - - 2012
Roseomonas sp. strain B5 was isolated from Malaysian tropical soil that showed N-acylhomoserine lactone degradation. This is the first genome announcement of a member from the genus of Roseomonas and the first report on the quorum-quenching activity of Roseomonas spp.
Tang Kai - - 2012
Oceaniovalibus guishaninsula, as a representative of a new genus within the family Rhodobacteraceae, was isolated from surface seawater that was sulfidic. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of the type strain, JLT2003(T).
Lee Sang-Jae - - 2012
Anoxybacillus kamchatkensis G10 is a spore-forming thermophilic bacterium isolated from a hot spring in Indonesia. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of A. kamchatkensis G10 that may reveal insights into aerobic/anaerobic metabolisms and carbon utilization in moderate thermophiles.
MacInnes Janet I - - 2012
Here, we report the first complete genome sequence of Actinobacillus suis, an important opportunistic pathogen of swine. By comparing the genome sequence of A. suis with those of other members of the family Pasteurellaceae, we hope to better understand the role of these organisms in health and disease in swine.
Yin Ye - - 2012
Pedobacter arcticus sp. nov. was originally isolated from tundra soil collected from Ny-Ålesund, in the Arctic region of Norway. It is a Gram-negative bacterium which shows bleb-shaped appendages on the cell surface. Here, we report the draft annotated genome sequence of Pedobacter arcticus sp. nov., which belongs to the genus ...
Carneiro Adriana Ribeiro - - 2012
Exiguobacterium antarcticum is a psychotropic bacterium isolated for the first time from microbial mats of Lake Fryxell in Antarctica. Many organisms of the genus Exiguobacterium are extremophiles and have properties of biotechnological interest, e.g., the capacity to adapt to cold, which make this genus a target for discovering new enzymes, ...
Ho Wing-Sze - - 2012
Escherichia coli is an important etiologic agent of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). Multidrug-resistant E. coli EC302/04 was isolated from a tracheal aspirate, and its genome sequence is expected to provide insights into antimicrobial resistance as well as adaptive and virulence mechanisms of E. coli involved in LRTI.
Lee Se Hee - - 2012
Salimicrobium sp. strain MJ3 was isolated from myulchi-jeot, traditional fermented seafood made from anchovy in South Korea. Here we announce the draft genome sequence of Salimicrobium sp. MJ3 with 2,717,782 bp, which consists of 45 contigs (>500 bp in size), and provide a description of their annotation.
Song Shiping - - 2012
Multidrug-resistant Stenotrophomonas maltophilia has emerged as an important cause of nosocomial infections, which is attributable mainly to the production of diverse β-lactamases by S. maltophilia. The L2 β-lactamase mediated by the AmpR-L2 module is the most represented lactamase. Here, we announce the genome sequence of S028, an isolate harboring the ...
Wang Yufei - - 2012
Brucella canis is considered a rare cause of human brucellosis because of difficulties in presumptive diagnosis and underestimation of the incidence. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of a Brucella canis isolate, BCB018, isolated from a human patient, providing precious resources for comparative genomics analysis of Brucella field strains.
Gibbings Derrick - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) form a class of short RNAs (∼ 21 nucleotides) that post-transcriptionally regulate partially complementary messenger RNAs. Each miRNA may target tens to hundreds of transcripts to control key biological processes. Although the biochemical reactions underpinning miRNA biogenesis and activity are relatively well defined and the importance of their homeostasis ...
Kyula Joan N - - 2012
Locally advanced head and neck cancer carries a poor prognosis, even with standard combination (surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy) treatment regimens. There is a pressing need for novel therapies with activity against this tumour type. Oncolytic reovirus type 3 (Dearing) is preferentially cytotoxic in tumour cells with an activated Ras signalling pathway ...
Bowden Charles L - - 2012
Over the past decade the use of lamotrigine in bipolar disorder has increased. However, the evidence base suggests a more limited role for lamotrigine as part of an overall treatment regimen in bipolar disorder. We reviewed publications of randomized clinical trials of lamotrigine, emphasizing studies in bipolar disorder. The low ...
Huang Xiaojie X Infectious Diseases Department, Beijing YouAn Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2012
The HIV viral load set point has long been used as a prognostic marker of disease progression and more recently as an end-point parameter in HIV vaccine clinical trials. The definition of set point, however, is variable. Moreover, the earliest time at which the set point is reached after the ...
Suri Rakesh M RM Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn 55905, USA. - - 2012
Latest generation biologic aortic valve prostheses were designed to improve hemodynamic performance. We sought to determine whether there are clinically important early differences among these devices. Three hundred adults with severe aortic valve stenosis undergoing aortic valve replacement were randomized to receive the Edwards Magna, Sorin Mitroflow, or St. Jude ...
Nacionales Dina C DC Department of Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida 32610, - - 2012
Blood transfusion is a well-established risk factor for adverse outcomes during sepsis. The specific mechanisms responsible for this effect remain elusive, and few studies have investigated this phenomenon in a model that reflects not only the clinical circumstances in which blood is transfused, but also how packed red blood cells ...
Guo Weidun Alan WA Department of Surgery, University at Buffalo-State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14215, USA. - - 2012
It is not clear why some patients with aspiration advance to acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome, whereas others do not. The Western diet is high in advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), which have been found to be proinflammatory. We hypothesize that dietary AGEs exaggerate the pulmonary inflammatory response ...
Steinle Jena J JJ Department of Ophthalmology, Hamilton Eye Institute, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 930 Madison Avenue, Suite 768A, Memphis, TN 38163, USA. - - 2012
Retinal endothelial cell (REC) apoptosis occurs in response to a number of stressors, including high glucose, oxidative stress, hypoxia. Because these stressors are common factors in a number of ocular diseases, it is critical to understand the cellular mechanisms by which apoptosis occurs in REC. This review discusses the various ...
Briney John S JS Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington, 9725 Third Ave. NE, Suite #401, Seattle, WA 98115, USA. - - 2012
Community coalitions are a popular strategy to coordinate activities and resources to prevent adolescent substance use and delinquent behavior. Despite early evidence of their lack of effectiveness, a new generation of community coalitions has shown positive results in preventing youth substance use and delinquency. This success can be attributed to ...
Xia Jun J Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bengbu Medical College, Anhui, PR China, - - 2012
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is the fourth most common cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States, suggesting that designing novel therapeutic strategy is required to improve the survival outcome of patients diagnosed with PC. Recently, microRNAs (miRNA) have been found to be involved in the regulation of multiple aspects of ...
Swanstrom Ronald R Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2012
Transmission of HIV-1 results in the establishment of a new infection, typically starting from a single virus particle. That virion replicates to generate viremia and persistent infection in all of the lymphoid tissue in the body. HIV-1 preferentially infects T cells with high levels of CD4 and those subsets of ...
Zhang Lei L Sheila and David Fuente Graduate Program in Cancer Biology, Leonard Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL33136, - - 2012
The Caribbean tropical tree, Pimenta dioica has been used for a variety of human endeavors, such as in perfumery industry, food spice, as a natural pesticide, and in folk medicine. Discovered in Jamaica during the voyages of Christopher Columbus, the dried unripe berries of P. dioica also known as Allspice ...
Holt Ian J IJ MRC Mitochondrial Biology Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Elucidation of the process of DNA replication in mitochondria is in its infancy. For many years, maintenance of the mitochondrial genome was regarded as greatly simplified compared to the nucleus. Mammalian mitochondria were reported to lack all DNA repair systems, to eschew DNA recombination, and to possess but a single ...
Tumaneng Karen K Department of Pharmacology and Moores Cancer Center, School of Medicine, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, - - 2012
Organ development is a complex process governed by the interplay of several signalling pathways that have critical functions in the regulation of cell growth and proliferation. Over the past years, the Hippo pathway has emerged as a key regulator of organ size. Perturbation of this pathway has been shown to ...
Okamoto Scott K SK School of Social Work, Hawai'i Pacific University, 1188 Fort St. Mall, Suite 201C, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA. - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to adapt and validate narrative scripts to be used for the video components of a culturally grounded drug prevention program for rural Native Hawaiian youth. Scripts to be used to film short video vignettes of drug-related problem situations were developed based on a foundation ...
Kopecky B J BJ Department of Biology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA. - - 2012
Three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions of the vertebrate inner ear have provided novel insights into the development of this complex organ. 3D reconstructions enable superior analysis of phenotypic differences between wild type and mutant ears but can result in laborious work when reconstructed from physically sectioned material. Although nondestructive optical sectioning light ...
Foster Jonathan D JD Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1100, USA. - - 2012
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is a Gram-positive facultative anaerobe found worldwide and is most commonly associated with skin disease in swine, while anecdotal reports of cases in dogs have been associated with endocarditis. Clinicians should consider systemic infectious diseases as a potential cause of erythematous skin lesions. A 5-year-old female spayed Labrador ...
Erlandson Kristine M KM Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, CO 80045, USA. - - 2012
The incidence of and risk factors for falls in HIV-1-infected persons are unknown. Fall history during the prior 12 months, medical diagnoses, and functional assessments were collected on HIV-infected persons 45-65 years of age receiving effective antiretroviral therapy. Fall risk was evaluated using univariate and multivariate regression analyses. Of 359 ...
Albertazzi Lorenzo L Materials Research Laboratory, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-5121, United - - 2012
Hybrid dendritic-linear block copolymers based on a 4-arm poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) core were synthesized using an accelerated AB2/CD2 dendritic growth approach through orthogonal amine/epoxy and thiol-yne chemistries. The biological activity of these 4-arm and the corresponding 2-arm hybrid dendrimers revealed an enhanced, dendritic effect with an exponential increase in cell ...
Guo Feng F Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, - - 2012
Analysis of chemical or biomolecular contents in a tiny amount of specimen presents a significant challenge in many biochemical studies and diagnostic applications. In this work, we present a single-layer, optofluidic device for real-time, high-throughput, quantitative analysis of droplet contents. Our device integrates an optical fiber-based, on-chip detection unit with ...
Mereuta Loredana - - 2012
Metal ions binding exert a crucial influence upon the aggregation properties and stability of peptides, and the propensity of folding in various substates. Herein, we demonstrate the use of the α-HL protein as a powerful nanoscopic tool to probe Cu(2+)-triggered physicochemical changes of a 20 aminoacids long, antimicrobial-derived chimera peptide ...
Fournier Claire T CT Department of Biology, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut 06459, United - - 2012
Comprehensive knowledge of proteome complexity is crucial to understanding cell function. Amino termini of yeast proteins were identified through peptide mass spectrometry on glutaraldehyde-treated cell lysates as well as a parallel assessment of publicly deposited spectra. An unexpectedly large fraction of detected amino-terminal peptides (35%) mapped to translation initiation at ...
Chavarha Mariya M Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239-3098, United - - 2012
Prior studies have shown that the biological mixture of the two hydrophobic surfactant proteins, SP-B and SP-C, produces faster adsorption of the surfactant lipids to an air/water interface, and that they induce 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine (POPE) to form inverse bicontinuous cubic phases. Previous studies have shown that SP-B has a much ...
Totten Sarah M SM Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, California 95616, United - - 2012
Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs), as an abundant and bioactive component of breast milk, work in many ways to promote the health of breast fed infants. The expression of HMOs has been shown to vary in accordance with Lewis blood type and secretor status, as women of different blood types differ ...
Sanchez-Mora C - - 2012
AIMS. The purpose of this study is to update the information available on the main group of genes that have been related with a susceptibility to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or with the pharmacological response to different drugs used in the treatment of ADHD, in a number of different ...
Mateos V - - 2012
INTRODUCTION. Despite the high degree of disability it entails, many patients with migraine have never visited their doctor for this reason. It is necessary to conduct a study to examine the characteristics of first-time visits as a step that must be carried out prior to establishing specific intervention measures for ...
Collado-Vazquez S - - 2012
INTRODUCTION. Lesions of the peripheral nerves have been known since ancient times, but there are few references to the treatments that were used in the past. AIM. To analyse obstetric brachial palsy and its treatments throughout history. DEVELOPMENT. There are a number of different references to the peripheral nerves and ...
Lubrini G - - 2012
INTRODUCTION. Reduced speed of information processing seems to characterize neuropsychological performance in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. However, the impact in speed of information processing of depressive symptoms, that are highly prevalent in this population, has not been precisely defined yet due to the presence of some methodological limitations in most ...
Martin-Viota L - - 2012
INTRODUCTION. Encephalitis due to NMDA receptors antibodies is a relatively common condition but it was under diagnosed until recently. It courses predictably and similarly in adults and children, although there are some differences, still less its association with tumours. CASE REPORT. A 3 years-old girl who was admitted to our ...
Olazaran-Rodriguez J - - 2012
The psychological and behavioural symptoms of dementia (BPSD) [corrected] give rise to personal suffering, are the cause of added deterioration and worsen the economic and social cost of dementias. To offer a systematic approach to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of BPSD. [corrected]. The study adopts a global perspective that ...
Co Carlos C CC Chemical Engineering Program, University of Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0012, United - - 2012
We report here a new methodology for sorting mammalian cells based on their intrinsic motility on planar substrates, independent of chemoattractants and external fields. This biological analogue of thin layer chromatography consists of arrays of asymmetric adhesive islands on tissue culture dishes that rectify the random movement of cells and ...
Sinha Sujeet Kumar - - 2012
The vestibulocochlear nerve is a sensory nerve that serves the organs of hearing and equilibrium. Neuropathies of the nerve, particularly auditory neuropathy may be caused by primary demyelination or by axonal diseases. In disorders affecting the cochlear nerve, it is probable that the vestibular nerve is involved as well. There ...
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