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Kelly Sarah-Louise - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To review clinical indications and demographics of transfusion and the patterns of blood component ordering, transfusion, wastage and traceability, before (2007) and after (2011) implementation of simple improvement strategies. METHODS: Retrospective case note review of all patients presenting to the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh (RIE) Emergency Department (ED) for ...
Emmerich Nathan - - 2012
This essay comments on the British Medical Association's recent suggestion that protocols for Elective Ventilation (EV) might be revived in order to increase the number of viable organs available for transplant. I suggest that the proposed revival results, at least in part, from developments in the contemporary political landscape, notably ...
Yamani Yusuke - - 2012
A pair of experiments investigated the architecture of visual processing, parallel versus serial, across high and low levels of spatial interference in a divided attention task. Subjects made speeded judgments that required them to attend to a pair of color-cued objects among gray filler items, with the spatial proximity between ...
Bagdasarov Zhanna - - 2012
Cases have been employed across multiple disciplines, including ethics education, as effective pedagogical tools. However, the benefit of case-based learning in the ethics domain varies across cases, suggesting that not all cases are equal in terms of pedagogical value. Indeed, case content appears to influence the extent to which cases ...
Auner Alexander W - - 2012
PURPOSE: Create a Raman spectroscopic database with potential to diagnose cancer and investigate two different diagnostic methodologies. Raman spectroscopy measures the energy of photons scattered inelastically by molecules. These molecular signatures form the basis of identifying complex biomolecules and can be used to differentiate normal from neoplastic tissue. METHODS: 1,352 ...
Helmi Mochamat - - 2012
External leg compression (ELC) may increase cardiac output (CO) in fluid-responsive patients like passive leg raising (PLR). We compared the hemodynamic effects of two methods of ELC and PLR measured by thermodilution (COtd), pressure curve analysis Modelflow™ (COmf) and ultra-sound HemoSonic™ (COhs), to evaluate the method with the greatest hemodynamic ...
Otjen Jeffrey P - - 2012
Foreign body ingestion is a common problem in the pediatric population and a frequent cause for emergency room visits. Magnets are common household objects that when ingested can bring about severe, possibly fatal gastrointestinal complications. Radiography is an integral component of the management of these children. Pediatric and emergency radiologists ...
Xiong Yule - - 2012
We theoretically investigate for the first time an all-optical switch using a silicon-based ring-assisted Mach-Zehnder interferometer (RAMZI), where the switch mechanism relies on Raman-induced loss. Compared to the conventional standalone microring resonator (MRR) switches, the RAMZI structure improves the fabrication tolerances by removing the critical coupling requirement for the MRR ...
Bhatti Shaukat Ali - - 2012
The objective of present study was to evaluate the growth potential of Sahiwal calves for veal production on whole milk or whole milk and milk replacer combined in a ratio of 50:50 (MMR). For this purpose, 48 Sahiwal calves (both male and female) were assigned to four dietary treatments having ...
Oncel Selim - - 2012
We have chosen Google, which is the most widely used search engine, to simulate a parent's experience in trying to find an answer on whether to have her/his child vaccinated against influenza. In doing this, we aimed to find out the chances that a parent with usual Internet searching tendencies ...
Ertekin Tolga - - 2012
PURPOSE: The subcortical brain structures are associated with other structures of nervous system; therefore, they have major influence on sensory-motor, limbic and cognitive information processing. Magnetic resonance imaging provides a detailed knowledge of normal and diseased anatomical structures for medical research. The aim of the current study was to compare ...
Ozolina Natalia V - - 2012
The experiments conducted on tonoplast of Beta vulgaris L. roots were performed to identify detergent-resistant lipid-protein microdomains (DRMs, interpreted as lipid rafts).The presence of DRMs can be found when dynamic clustering of sphingolipids, sterols, saturated fatty acids is registered, and the insolubility of these microdomains in nonionic detergents at low ...
Freischmidt Axel - - 2012
Cell-free synthesis of recombinant proteins has emerged as an alternative method of protein production although protein yields still cannot compete with in vivo expression techniques. In systems based on S30 extracts of Escherichia coli unfavorable side-reactions are involved in limiting protein yields. Therefore, carrying out cell-free reactions at lower temperatures ...
Mercuri Jeremy - - 2012
Nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue regeneration has been proposed as an early-stage interventional therapy to combat intervertebral disc degeneration. We have previously reported on the development and characterization of a novel biomimetic acellular porcine nucleus pulposus (APNP) hydrogel. Herein we aimed to evaluate this material for use as a suitable scaffold ...
Vahabzadeh Yousef - - 2012
In this article we propose a novel mechano-optical switch and dual channel transmitter based on photonic crystal. The device consists of two waveguides and an elliptical cavity in a square lattice structure. Two optical signals at separate wavelengths are inserted in the input waveguide. The elliptical cavity can be rotated ...
Al-Sukhni Eisar - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study was designed to elicit end-user opinions regarding the importance and diagnostic accuracy of MRI for T-category, threatened or involved circumferential margin (CRMi), and lymph node involvement (LNi) for preoperative staging of rectal cancer and to determine completeness of MRI reports for these elements on a population based ...
Sun Yuechi - - 2012
To study the clinical features and associated risk factors of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM) in Chinese patients. Forty-one Chinese Han patients with a diagnosis of CADM in West China Hospital from August 2008 to 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. The prevalence of ILD in CADM patients ...
Bai Yan - - 2012
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were treated with bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) dose-dependently and time-dependently. Together they caused a strong synergistic effect on the osteogenic differentiation of MSCs, with lower concentrations of each factor being enough to show the synergistic ...
de Moraes Maia Mila Leite - - 2012
This study investigated the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the masticatory performance (MP), pressure pain threshold (PPT), and pain intensity in patients with myofascial pain. Twenty-one subjects, with myofascial pain according to Research Diagnostic Criteria/temporomandibular dysfunction, were divided into laser group (n = 12) and placebo group (n = 9) to receive ...
Bicho Rita C - - 2012
Pesticide exposure has been related with thyroid disrupting effects in different vertebrate species. However, very little is known about the effects of these compounds in reptiles. In the Mediterranean area, lacertid lizards are the most abundant vertebrate group in agroecosystems, and have been identified as potential model species for reptile ...
Huang Y - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection remains the principal treatment for advanced gastric cancer. However, one of the difficulties in radical D2 lymphadenectomy is the identification of the vascular abnormalities around the stomach, especially abnormal hepatic artery. The hepatic artery arising from the superior mesenteric artery shows great variations, and whether or not ...
Giani I - - 2012
The Italian society of colo-rectal surgery (SICCR) is dedicated to improving the study, prevention and management of the diseases of the colon, rectum and anus. One of the aims of the society is to establish guidelines to the treatment of these diseases. These guidelines are based on the international literature ...
Kobayashi Tominari - - 2012
Virus particles are promising vehicles and templates for vaccination, drug delivery and material sciences. Although infectious picornaviruses can be synthesized from genomic or synthetic RNA by cell-free protein expression systems derived from mammalian cell extract, there has been no direct evidence that authentic viral particles are indeed synthesized in the ...
Cheng Gong - - 2012
A soil metagenomic library was constructed and screened for clones that conferred fosfomycin resistance. A novel protein with 46 % identity to UDP-N-acetylglucosamine enolpyruvyl transferase (MurA) from Desulfuromonas acetoxidans DSM 684 (GenBank accession number: ZP_01311756) was identified. Multiple sequence alignment revealed that the novel protein was a natural MurA, in which ...
van de Beek Diederik - - 2012
Bacterial meningitis kills or maims about a fifth of people with the disease. Early antibiotic treatment improves outcomes, but the effectiveness of widely available antibiotics is threatened by global emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria. New antibiotics, such as fluoroquinolones, could have a role in these circumstances, but clinical data to support ...
Pelletier Amandine - - 2012
The effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) on the control of body energy balance in developing organisms have not been studied, despite the involvement of energy status in vital physiological functions. We examined the effects of chronic RF-EMF exposure (900 MHz, 1 V m(-1)) on the main functions involved in body energy homeostasis ...
Goyal Deepak - - 2012
PURPOSE: There is an increasing use of various synthetic and biological products in orthopaedics. The use of a biological product can be a major area of concern for patients of various cultures/religions. The purpose of this work is to study various restrictions in different faiths and their compatibility with available ...
Gradmann Sabine - - 2012
We present a computational environment for Fast Analysis of multidimensional NMR DAta Sets (FANDAS) that allows assembling multidimensional data sets from a variety of input parameters and facilitates comparing and modifying such "in silico" data sets during the various stages of the NMR data analysis. The input parameters can vary ...
Baier Clemens - - 2012
Bone-marrow oedema (BME) represents a reversible but mostly painful increase in interstitial fluid. The exact pathogenetic processes still remain unknown. Treatment options are mainly symptomatic with core decompression as golden standard leading to immediate pain relieve. Recently, it has been shown that intravenous prostacyclin and bisphosphonates are useful in achieving ...
Imai Kenta - - 2012
This report describes a case involving the rare combination of persistent truncus arteriosus type A2, double aortic arch, and mitral stenosis. At the age of 26 days, the patient underwent division of the right-sided aortic arch with tracheal compression and bilateral pulmonary banding. Fontan completion was successfully achieved after separation of ...
Yuan Zhengrong - - 2012
This study was designed to investigate the candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the exon's region of bovine diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase (DGAT1) gene using bioinformatics and experimental methods. A total of 17 SNPs were screened from public data resources and DNA sequencing. Three SNPs (c.572A>G, c.1241C>T and c.1416T>G) of these candidate ...
Behzadian Farnaz - - 2012
The hydrodynamic characteristics and the overall volumetric oxygen transfer coefficient of a new multi-environment bioreactor which is an integrated part of a wastewater treatment system, called BioCAST, were studied. This bioreactor contains several zones with different environmental conditions including aerobic, microaerophilic and anoxic, designed to increase the contaminant removal capacity ...
Hofmann Meike - - 2012
We demonstrate an integrated optofluidic system for monitoring the particle mass concentration and the Sauter mean diameter of polydisperse flowing suspensions of water and standardized test dust. For optimum integration, a planar emitter-receiver unit is developed and fabricated on Si technology. A vertical cavity surface emitting laser at 850 nm serves ...
Grenvald Julie Cornelius - - 2012
Oil exploration is expected to increase in the near future in Western Greenland. At present, effects of exposure to oil compounds on early life-stages of the ecologically important Calanus spp. are unknown. We investigated the effects of the oil compound pyrene, on egg hatching and naupliar development of the calanoid ...
Monini Simonetta - - 2012
This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the Esteem(®) middle ear implant in sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) of different degree as well as to compare it with that obtained with conventional hearing aids. Fifteen out of 30 adults patients who received an Esteem(®) middle ear device for rehabilitation ...
Sole C V - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the outcomes and risk factors of patients treated with stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) delivered by image-guided helical tomotherapy (HT) for extracranial oligometastases. METHODS: From August 2006 through July 2011, 42 consecutive patients (median age 69 years [range 16-87]) with oligometastases (≤3) received HT to all known cancer sites ...
Wang Kun - - 2012
Recombinant microbial transglutaminase (rMTG) is usually expressed as a soluble zymogen (pro-rMTG) in heterologous expression systems but proteolytic activation of the inactive pro-rMTG is essential. Instead of screening proteases for activating pro-rMTG, we examined an alternative method by introducing a specific cleavage site of enterokinase between the pro-peptide and mature ...
Li Ning - - 2012
Chemical and surface characteristics of sulfite-pretreated royal palm sheath (RPS) fibers and parenchyma cells were investigated in order to study cell-type-dependent biomass hydrolysis by cellulase. Size, chemical composition, cellulose crystallinity and the exposure of cellulose microfibrils in pretreated RPS biomass affected the enzymatic accessibility and digestibility of different cell-type substrates.
Rubinson Kenneth A - - 2012
The low-resolution three-dimensional structure of purified native beef heart mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase (COX) in asolectin unilamellar liposomes has been measured by small-angle neutron scattering under the conditions where the protein remains fully functional. From a neutron scattering perspective, the use of mixed-lipid liposomes provided for a more homogeneous matrix ...
Furuichi Yoshihiro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography is an ultrasound technique that is capable of measuring tissue stiffness noninvasively. It is difficult to differentiate idiopathic portal hypertension (IPH) from liver cirrhosis (LC) or chronic hepatitis (CH), and liver biopsy is essential. We investigated whether it would be possible to noninvasively ...
Urbina Mauricio A - - 2012
Inanga (Galaxias maculatus) is an amphidromous fish with a well-known capacity to withstand a wide range of environmental salinities. To investigate the molecular mechanisms facilitating acclimation of inanga to seawater, several isoforms of the Na(+), K(+)-ATPase ion transporter were identified. This included three α-1 (a, b and c), an α-2 ...
Bassi Sarah - - 2012
In medical radiography, a large area of the human body sometimes needs to be investigated by means of X-ray examinations, for example, the lower spine. With computed radiography (CR) cassettes, due to their large surface area, it is possible to make this type of investigation with a single exposure and ...
Zhang Peiqing - - 2012
 : CHO glycosylation mutants, pioneered by Stanley and co-workers, have proven to be valuable tools in glycobiology and biopharmaceutical research. Here we aim to provide a summary of our efforts to isolate industrially applicable CHO glycosylation mutants, termed CHO-gmt cells, using cytotoxic lectins and zinc-finger nuclease technology. The genetic defects ...
Pasquier Eddy - - 2012
The anti-angiogenic activity of chemotherapy is both dose- and schedule-dependent. While conventional maximum tolerated dose (MTD) chemotherapy exerts only mild and reversible anti-angiogenic effects, low-dose metronomic (LDM) chemotherapy was developed to specifically target tumour angiogenesis. However, the long-term effects of either MTD or LDM chemotherapy on vascular endothelial cells have ...
Tseng Chia-Chen - - 2012
This study utilized audiometry, and cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP), ocular VEMP (oVEMP) and caloric tests to investigate the sequence of vestibular deficits in patients with noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Thirty patients with NIHL underwent an inner ear test battery. Another 30 normal controls with age- and sex-matched were included ...
Kupchik Yonatan M - - 2012
The ventral pallidum (VP) is a part of the ventral striatopallidal system and is involved in reward-related behaviors. The VP is composed of a ventromedial (VPvm) and a dorsolateral (VPdl) subregion, and some rostral-caudal differences are reported. Study of the VP often focuses on the subcommissural VP, typically considered homogenous ...
Blanc D S - - 2012
The performance of the Xpert MRSA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay on pooled nose, groin, and throat swabs (three nylon flocked eSwabs into one tube) was compared to culture by analyzing 5,546 samples. The sensitivity [0.78, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.73-0.82] and specificity (0.99, 95 % CI 0.98-0.99) were similar to ...
Fernández-Lizarbe E - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to demonstrate feasibility and analyze dosimetric differences in prone and supine position breast cancer radiotherapy in women with large or pendulous breast. METHODS: Ten post-lumpectomy breast cancer patients underwent supine and prone computed tomography-based treatment plan. On each data set, the whole breast, ...
Lo Pizzo Marianna - - 2012
Distribution of aquaporin-4 (AQP4) was studied by western analysis and immunofluorescence in rat astrocytes exposed to either hypothermic (30 °C) or hyperosmolar (0.45 M sucrose) stress, and in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients who suffered traumatic brain injury (TBI). CSF was obtained from 5 healthy subjects and from 20 patients suffering ...
Katz Evgeny - - 2012
This review outlines advances in designing modified electrodes with switchable properties controlled by various physical and chemical signals. Irradiation of the modified electrode surfaces with various light signals, changing the temperature of the electrolyte solution, application of a magnetic field or electrical potentials, changing the pH of the solutions, and ...
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