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Sredni Simone Treiger - - 2012
PURPOSE: Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors (ATRTs) are rare, highly malignant central nervous system tumors that occur during infancy and early childhood. Their poor outcome and resistance to conventional chemotherapies and radiotherapy, urges the development of new therapies. Recent studies have evaluated the effects of histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) as a ...
Morisawa Yusuke - - 2012
Attenuated total reflection far-ultraviolet (ATR-FUV) spectra containing Rydberg states of n-alkanes (CnH2n+1; n varies in the range 5-9) and branched alkanes observed in the liquid phase were investigated by quantum chemical calculations with the aim of elucidating electronic transitions from σ orbitals of liquid n- and branched alkanes. New assignments ...
Schoels Monika M MM Correspondence to Dr Monika M Schoels, 2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Center for Rheumatic Diseases, Hietzing Hospital, Wolkersbergenstrasse 1, Vienna 1130, Austria. - - 2013
Suppression of the immunoinflammatory cascade by targeting interleukin 6 (IL-6) mediated effects constitutes a therapeutic option for chronic inflammatory diseases. Tocilizumab is the only IL-6 inhibitor (IL-6i) licensed for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), but also other agents targeting either IL-6 or its receptor are investigated in ...
Louedec Karim - - 2012
We present a new method to study light scattering on nonabsorbing spherical particles. This method is based on the Ramsauer approach, a model known in atomic and nuclear physics. Its main advantage is its intuitive understanding of the underlying physics phenomena. We show that although the approximations are numerous, the ...
Ritter Markus - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To describe the clinical and genetic characteristics of a mother and her son presenting with two distinct and rare forms of retinal degeneration. METHODS: Investigations in both patients comprised spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), fundus autofluorescence imaging, non-contact biometry, ultrasonography, electroretinography (ERG) and analysis of the ...
Vardi Nigar - - 2012
This study was conducted to evaluate a possible protective role of apricot in apoptotic cell death induced by methotrexate (MTX) and renal damage by different histological and biochemical parameters. Twenty-eight rats were divided into four groups, control, apricot, methotrexate, and apricot + methotrexate. Methotrexate induced renal failure, as shown by ...
Zhu Xishan - - 2012
Our aim was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) on ConA-induced hepatitis and to elucidate the possible mechanism involved. MSCs were isolated from bone marrow and their characteristics and anti-apoptotic effects on the L02 cell line were analyzed. The effect of intravenous infusion of BMMSCs ...
Lantos Joshua E - - 2012
Giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath (GCTTS) is one of the most common benign soft tissue tumors in the extremities, and is frequently associated with bone abnormalities. Although extrinsic bone erosion is the most common bone abnormality associated with GCTTS, intraosseous invasion of GCTTS occurs rarely and may mimic ...
Treutter Dieter - - 2012
The fruits of the European plum Prunus domestica exhibit a great diversity in appearance including the skin colors. This study attempts to elucidate the phenylpropanoid and flavonoid profiles of 28 plum varieties belonging to P. domestica and related species as well as hybrids. A total of 49 phenolic compounds extracted ...
Chhablani Jay J Shiley Eye Center, University of California, San Diego, 9415 Campus Point Drive, Rm 217B, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2013
To evaluate the impact of scanning density on macular choroidal volume measurement using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Thirty eyes of normal subjects underwent consecutive raster choroidal scanning protocols using SD-OCT in enhanced-depth imaging mode. Manual choroidal segmentation was performed using the built-in automated retinal segmentation software to obtain five ...
Lenz Mark M AO Research Institute Davos, Davos-Platz, Switzerland. - - 2013
Cerclage technology is regaining interest due to the increasing number of periprosthetic fractures. Different wiring techniques have been formerly proposed and have hibernated over years. Hereby, they are compared to current cerclage technology. Seven groups (n = 6) of different cable cerclage (Ø1.7 mm, crimp closure) configurations (one single cerclage looped once ...
Bassi Sarah - - 2012
In medical radiography, a large area of the human body sometimes needs to be investigated by means of X-ray examinations, for example, the lower spine. With computed radiography (CR) cassettes, due to their large surface area, it is possible to make this type of investigation with a single exposure and ...
Prasad Anamika A Departments of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 94305, - - 2013
Endovascular aneurysm repair (Greenhalgh in N Engl J Med 362(20):1863-1871, 2010) techniques have revolutionized the treatment of thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysm disease, greatly reducing the perioperative mortality and morbidity associated with open surgical repair techniques. However, EVAR is not free of important complications such as late device migration, endoleak ...
Zhang Peiqing - - 2012
 : CHO glycosylation mutants, pioneered by Stanley and co-workers, have proven to be valuable tools in glycobiology and biopharmaceutical research. Here we aim to provide a summary of our efforts to isolate industrially applicable CHO glycosylation mutants, termed CHO-gmt cells, using cytotoxic lectins and zinc-finger nuclease technology. The genetic defects ...
Bussière B - - 2012
The bulk laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) fluence of Ti:sapphire is determined under single-pulse irradiation from the femtosecond to nanosecond temporal regimes in the visible and near-infrared spectral domains. In the range of explored laser conditions, the LIDT fluence increases with both pulse duration and wavelength. The results are also compared ...
Tao Zui - - 2012
Sodium iodate (NaIO(3))-induced retina injury is one of models that is commonly used to study various retinal diseases caused by retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) injury such as AMD. Previous researches have revealed that RPE and photoreceptors are main impaired objects in this model. By comparison, intra-retinal layer has not been ...
Hendler Karen K Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Olive View-UCLA Medical Center, 100 Stein Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. - - 2013
To evaluate the effects of inferior oblique muscle recession (IOR) in cases of laterally incomitant hypertropia <10 prism dioptres (PD) in central gaze thact 2t are clinically consistent with superior oblique palsy (SOP). We retrospectively reviewed patients with SOP and hypertropias <10 PD in central gaze who underwent graded IOR. ...
Salazar-Salinas Karim - - 2012
This is a preliminary cross multidisciplinary theoretical-computational approach for the design of a drug delivery system based on immunoconjugated carbon nanotube against HER2- overexpressing cancer cells. This drug delivery system allows the release of an encapsulated cytotoxic cocktail in a controlled manner under pulsed radio frequency (RF) irradiation. Our effort ...
Itoh Kengou - - 2012
Conjugate hydrosilylation of 3,3-diarylacrylate derivatives catalyzed by chiral rhodium-bis(oxazolinyl)phenyl complexes (1 mol %) at 60 degC for 2 h was investigated to prepare optically active 3,3-diarylpropanoate derivatives in high yields up to 99% yield and high enantioselectivities up to 99%.
Alemany R - - 2012
Soon after the discovery that viruses cause human disease, started the idea of using viruses to treat cancer. After the initial indiscriminate use, crude preparations of each novel virus in the early twentieth century, a second wave of virotherapy blossomed in the 60s with purified and selected viruses. Responses were ...
Teo Lynette L S - - 2012
Isolated cleft mitral valve (ICMV) is a rare entity not known to be related to pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (PA-VSD). This report describes the use of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging to diagnose ICMV in a patient with repaired PA-VSD who presented with incidental severe mitral regurgitation (MR) ...
Qiao Shigang - - 2012
PURPOSE: Delayed volatile anesthetic preconditioning (APC) can protect against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury; the delayed phase is called the second window of protection (SWOP), but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is involved in the myocardial protection conferred by APC in the acute phase; autophagy has been reported ...
Purevsuren Jamiyan - - 2012
Mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (FAO) disorders are caused by defects in one of the FAO enzymes that regulates cellular uptake of fatty acids and free carnitine. An in vitro probe acylcarnitine (IVP) assay using cultured cells and tandem mass spectrometry is a tool to diagnose enzyme defects linked to most ...
Helmi Mochamat - - 2012
External leg compression (ELC) may increase cardiac output (CO) in fluid-responsive patients like passive leg raising (PLR). We compared the hemodynamic effects of two methods of ELC and PLR measured by thermodilution (COtd), pressure curve analysis Modelflow™ (COmf) and ultra-sound HemoSonic™ (COhs), to evaluate the method with the greatest hemodynamic ...
Otjen Jeffrey P - - 2012
Foreign body ingestion is a common problem in the pediatric population and a frequent cause for emergency room visits. Magnets are common household objects that when ingested can bring about severe, possibly fatal gastrointestinal complications. Radiography is an integral component of the management of these children. Pediatric and emergency radiologists ...
Stokholm Jette J Memory Disorders Research Group, Department of Neurology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, N6702, 9 Blegdamsvej, Copenhagen 2100, Denmark. - - 2013
A longitudinal study spanning over 8 years and including 17 asymptomatic individuals with CHMP2B mutations was conducted to assess the earliest neuropsychological changes in autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease frontotemporal dementia (FTD) linked to chromosome 3 (FTD-3). Subjects were assessed with neuropsychological tests in 2002, 2005 and 2010. Cross-sectional analyses showed ...
Shin Seung-Ho - - 2012
This study examined the indoor concentrations of a wide range of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in currently built new apartments every month over a 24-month period and the source characteristics of indoor VOCs. The indoor total VOC (TVOC) concentrations exhibited a decreasing tendency over the 24-month follow-up period. Similar to ...
Zhou F Y - - 2012
In this study, the microstructure, mechanical properties, corrosion behaviors, and in vitro biocompatibility of Zr-Mo alloys as a function of Mo content after solution treatment were systemically investigated to assess their potential use in biomedical application. The experimental results indicated that Zr-1Mo alloy mainly consisted of an acicular structure of ...
Ferro Mark A - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to utilize bootstrapping to investigate the robustness of latent class trajectories and risk factors of depressive symptoms among mothers of children with epilepsy. METHODS: Data were obtained from a national prospective cohort study (2004-09) of children newly diagnosed with epilepsy and their families ...
Jacob Anu - - 2012
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) has been described as a disease clinically characterised by severe optic neuritis (ON) and transverse myelitis (TM). Other features of NMO include female preponderance, longitudinally extensive spinal cord lesions (>3 vertebral segments), and absence of oligoclonal IgG bands . In spite of these differences from multiple sclerosis ...
Liang Xing-Xiang - - 2012
A new approach is described to quantify the number of enzyme molecules, such as Candia antarctica lipase B, that are displayed on the cell surface of Pichia pastoris. Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) were fused and displayed on the surface of P. pastoris by ...
Li Quan Q Department of Orthopedics, Changhai Hospital, 168 Changhai Road, Yangpu District, Shanghai 200433, China. - - 2013
Hypothesis that loss of integrity of the membranes in the craniocervical junction might be the cause of neck pain in patients with whiplash-associated disorders (WADs) has been proposed. In recent years, with development of more detailed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, morphologic changes of the ligaments and membranes in the ...
Evans Christopher Charles Douglas - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Prehospital airway management for adult trauma patients remains controversial. We sought to review the frequency that paramedic non-drug assisted intubation or attempted intubation is performed for trauma patients in Ontario, Canada, and determine its association with mortality. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the Ontario Trauma Registry's ...
Sui Guo-Yuan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologists have recently investigated sunlight exposure as a risk factor for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), but there remains an ongoing dispute over this association due to insufficient evidence and unreliable data. OBJECTIVES: To analyse comprehensively the epidemiological literature concerning the association between AMD and sunlight exposure. METHODS: We systematically ...
Ippolito Davide - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the additional functional vascular information and the relationship between perfusion measurements and glucose metabolism (SUVmax) obtained by including a perfusion CT study in a whole-body contrast-enhanced PET/CT protocol in primary lung cancer lesions. METHODS: Enrolled in this prospective study were 34 consecutive patients with a biopsy-proven diagnosis ...
Peiró A M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) is one of the most abused recreational drugs. Its usual pattern of misuse includes repeated doses taken over a short time period that could influence MDMA pharmacology and toxicity. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and pharmacologically induced effects of two MDMA consecutive doses ...
Ye Liping - - 2012
The dimeric status of nitric oxide (NO)-sensitive soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) is obligatory for its catalyzing activity to synthesis the second messenger cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), which leads to vasodilatation. The present study was conducted to determine whether or not the dimerization of sGC is modulated by thiol-reducing agents and ...
Mukamal K J KJ Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 1309 Beacon Street, Brookline, MA 02446, USA. - - 2013
We sought to derive and validate a cardiovascular disease (CVD) prediction algorithm for older adults with diabetes, and evaluate the incremental benefit of adding novel circulating biomarkers and measures of subclinical atherosclerosis. As part of the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS), a population-based cohort of adults aged ≥65 years, we examined the ...
Baier Clemens - - 2012
Bone-marrow oedema (BME) represents a reversible but mostly painful increase in interstitial fluid. The exact pathogenetic processes still remain unknown. Treatment options are mainly symptomatic with core decompression as golden standard leading to immediate pain relieve. Recently, it has been shown that intravenous prostacyclin and bisphosphonates are useful in achieving ...
Imai Kenta - - 2012
This report describes a case involving the rare combination of persistent truncus arteriosus type A2, double aortic arch, and mitral stenosis. At the age of 26 days, the patient underwent division of the right-sided aortic arch with tracheal compression and bilateral pulmonary banding. Fontan completion was successfully achieved after separation of ...
Kroenke Candyce H CH Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, 2101 Webster, 20th Floor, Oakland, CA 94612, USA. - - 2013
Larger social networks have been associated with lower breast cancer mortality. The authors evaluated how levels of social support and burden influenced this association. We included 2,264 women from the Life After Cancer Epidemiology study who were diagnosed with early-stage, invasive breast cancer between 1997 and 2000, and provided data ...
Yuan Zhengrong - - 2012
This study was designed to investigate the candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the exon's region of bovine diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase (DGAT1) gene using bioinformatics and experimental methods. A total of 17 SNPs were screened from public data resources and DNA sequencing. Three SNPs (c.572A>G, c.1241C>T and c.1416T>G) of these candidate ...
Behzadian Farnaz - - 2012
The hydrodynamic characteristics and the overall volumetric oxygen transfer coefficient of a new multi-environment bioreactor which is an integrated part of a wastewater treatment system, called BioCAST, were studied. This bioreactor contains several zones with different environmental conditions including aerobic, microaerophilic and anoxic, designed to increase the contaminant removal capacity ...
Peiris Sasanthi - - 2012
We describe the mathematical model and present simulation results for the optimization of a hybrid Raman/optical parametric amplifier (HROPA), exhibiting a bandwidth of 170 nm and low ripple that covers the top half of the wavelength plan (e.g., 1441 to 1611 nm) of next generation coarse wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network ...
Gasparini Roberto R Department of Health Sciences, Genoa University, Genoa, Italy. - - 2013
Annual vaccination is the main mean of preventing influenza in the elderly. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the adjuvanted seasonal influenza vaccines available in Italy in preventing hospitalization for influenza and pneumonia, a matched case-control study was performed in elderly subjects during the 2010-2011 season in Genoa (Italy). ...
Uysal Mehmet Atilla - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Current guidelines focus more on levels of asthma control than on severity of asthma. The original version of the Asthma Control Test (ACT), a self-administered instrument to determine asthma control levels, was designed for English-speaking patients. More recently, the ACT has been translated into many languages and has been ...
den Daas Izaak - - 2012
BACKGROUND/AIM: Timed interval cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sampling by indwelling catheterization can be a valuable corroborative tool for the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic assessment of drugs. CSF sampling in studies on drug candidates for Alzheimer's disease have been conducted in evaluations of the biomarkers acetylcholine (ACh), tau proteins, amyloid precursor protein and ...
Procópio Luciano - - 2012
The draft genome of the soil actinomycete Dietzia cinnamea P4 reveals a versatile group of α/β-hydrolase fold enzymes. Phylogenetic and comparative sequence analyses were used to classify the α/β-hydrolases of strain P4 into six different groups: (i) lipases, (ii) esterases, (iii) epoxide hydrolases, (iv) haloacid dehalogenases, (v) C-C breaking enzymes ...
Feng Ye - - 2012
A portable method of group velocity measurement is proposed based on a self-seeded gain-switched laser. The calculated group velocity in the optical fiber is obtained by measuring the round-trip frequencies of the gain-switched laser diode with different external cavities, and only a 2 m long fiber is needed. The measurement can ...
Ram Rapur - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aims of the present report were to document our experience of the prevalence of tuberculous peritonitis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, mode of presentation, diagnosis and outcome and to discuss the current published data about catheter removal. METHODS: A retrospective study of CAPD patients with tuberculous ...
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