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Results 601 - 650 of 4623
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Wu Ting-Yu - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of gas tamponade without vitrectomy in patients with myopic foveoschisis and foveal detachment. METHODS: We examined 10 eyes of 10 patients with myopic foveoschisis and foveal detachment. All patients received an intravitreal injection of 0.2-0.4 mL C3F8 and remained in the prone position for 5 to ...
Hohenberger Werner - - 2012
PURPOSE: For many years, the impact of the surgeon volume on short- and long-term outcome after rectal carcinoma surgery is controversially discussed. Literature and own department data were reviewed in order to clarify the impact of surgeon volume in the current era of total mesorectal excision surgery, multimodal therapy, quality ...
Morgan B - - 2012
Post-mortem computed tomography with coronary angiography (PMCTA) could have a role in the investigation of sudden natural death. This study assesses the accuracy of targeted coronary PMCTA, using both air and iodinated contrast media, to provide sensitivity and specificity for critical stenosis (CS) on a segmental basis, based on a ...
Dunlop Sally M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The necessary first steps for televised media campaign effects are population exposure and recall. To maximise the impact of campaign funding, it is critical to identify modifiable factors that increase the efficiency of an advertisement reaching the target audience and of their recalling that advertisement. METHODS: Data come from ...
Cheah Ker Y - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Grape seed extract (GSE) constitutes a rich source of procyanidins. GSE has been demonstrated to exert encouraging anti-inflammatory and anti-ulcer properties in experimental settings, although its effects on inflammation of the colon remain undefined. AIM: To determine the effects of GSE in a rat model of dextran sulphate sodium ...
Hsiao H-B - - 2012
Kinsenoside is able to improve bone turnover rate in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. In vitro analysis shows that kinsenoside antagonizes osteoclast development and bone resorption. INTRODUCTION: Kinsenoside, the main active compound of the traditional Taiwanese herb Anoectochilus formosanus, has an antiinflammatory effect. This study investigates whether kinsenoside inhibits osteoporosis and osteoclastogenesis. ...
Tu Yabin - - 2012
The porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) capsid protein (Cap) is an important antigen for the development of vaccines. To achieve high-level expression of recombinant PCV2 Cap in Pichia pastoris, the wild-type Cap (wt-Cap) and optimized Cap (opti-Cap) gene fragments encoding the same amino acid sequence of PCV2 were amplified by ...
Sredni Simone Treiger - - 2012
PURPOSE: Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors (ATRTs) are rare, highly malignant central nervous system tumors that occur during infancy and early childhood. Their poor outcome and resistance to conventional chemotherapies and radiotherapy, urges the development of new therapies. Recent studies have evaluated the effects of histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) as a ...
Morisawa Yusuke - - 2012
Attenuated total reflection far-ultraviolet (ATR-FUV) spectra containing Rydberg states of n-alkanes (CnH2n+1; n varies in the range 5-9) and branched alkanes observed in the liquid phase were investigated by quantum chemical calculations with the aim of elucidating electronic transitions from σ orbitals of liquid n- and branched alkanes. New assignments ...
D'Andrea Cosimo - - 2012
In this paper a novel method, based on time-resolved diffuse optical spectroscopy, is proposed to measure the absorption of small amounts of nanostructured powder materials independent of scattering. Experimental validation, in the visible and near-infrared spectral range, has been carried out on India Ink<sup/>particles. The effectiveness of the technique to ...
Francis Jasmine H - - 2012
PURPOSE: Review our experience in the use of indocyanine green (ICG) enhanced transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) in combination with ophthalmic artery chemosurgery for retinoblastomas unresponsive to standard TTT. METHODS: Single centre, retrospective study of 16 eyes in 13 retinoblastoma patients treated with TTT and ICG via indirect ophthalmoscope: 23 treatments of ...
Bhargava Darpan - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: A prospective randomized double-blind study was conducted to assess the latency and duration of pterygomandibular nerve block with a mixture of 1.8 ml 2 % lignocaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine and 1 ml of 4 mg dexamethasone and its impact on postoperative sequelae of surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Zhu Colleen L - - 2012
We have recently described the surviving cones and Müller-glia process remodeling in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and shown that rod degeneration triggers the reorganization of the cone mosaic into an orderly array of rings. Within these rings, remodeled Müller-glia processes envelope cones. Here, we report the spatiotemporal pattern of healthy rods, ...
Sipola Seija - - 2012
BACKGROUND: With a critical illness, intestinal complications are associated with high morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Operative findings and outcomes of 77 intensive care unit (ICU) patients treated with colectomy are described. RESULTS: Three conditions led to colectomy: sepsis (S group; n = 31), fulminant Clostridium difficile colitis (Cl group; n = 25), and cardiovascular ...
van der Steen Jenny T - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Families of patients with dementia may need support in difficult end-of-life decision making. Such guidance may be culturally sensitive. METHODS: To support families in Canada, a booklet was developed to aid decision making on palliative care issues. For reasons of cost effectiveness and promising effects, we prepared for its ...
Bussière B - - 2012
The bulk laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) fluence of Ti:sapphire is determined under single-pulse irradiation from the femtosecond to nanosecond temporal regimes in the visible and near-infrared spectral domains. In the range of explored laser conditions, the LIDT fluence increases with both pulse duration and wavelength. The results are also compared ...
Tao Zui - - 2012
Sodium iodate (NaIO(3))-induced retina injury is one of models that is commonly used to study various retinal diseases caused by retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) injury such as AMD. Previous researches have revealed that RPE and photoreceptors are main impaired objects in this model. By comparison, intra-retinal layer has not been ...
Salazar-Salinas Karim - - 2012
This is a preliminary cross multidisciplinary theoretical-computational approach for the design of a drug delivery system based on immunoconjugated carbon nanotube against HER2- overexpressing cancer cells. This drug delivery system allows the release of an encapsulated cytotoxic cocktail in a controlled manner under pulsed radio frequency (RF) irradiation. Our effort ...
Itoh Kengou - - 2012
Conjugate hydrosilylation of 3,3-diarylacrylate derivatives catalyzed by chiral rhodium-bis(oxazolinyl)phenyl complexes (1 mol %) at 60 degC for 2 h was investigated to prepare optically active 3,3-diarylpropanoate derivatives in high yields up to 99% yield and high enantioselectivities up to 99%.
- - 2012
Unusual outbreak of rhinitis in a Jersey herd Pulpy kidney reported by most regional laboratories in four- to six-month-old lambs Swine influenza in batches of weaners with salmonellosis and streptococcal disease Coronavirus infection diagnosed in pheasants with visceral gout and interstitial nephritis Swan mortality associated with duck virus enteritis These ...
Kavšek Michael - - 2012
When making relative distance judgments, adults attend to information provided by the ground surface and generally ignore information provided by ceiling surfaces. In the present study, we asked whether this ground dominance effect is present in infancy. Groups of 5- and 7-month-old infants viewed a display depicting textured ground and ...
Rodríguez-Palomares José F - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to compare the area at risk (AAR) determined by single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation (BARI) and modified Alberta Provincial Project for Outcome Assessment in Coronary Heart Disease (APPROACH) angiographic scores in the setting of patients undergoing coronary angioplasty for either ...
Huntimer Lucas - - 2012
Microparticle adjuvants based on biodegradable polyanhydrides were used to provide controlled delivery of a model antigen, ovalbumin (Ova), to mice. Ova was encapsulated into two different polyanhydride microparticle formulations to evaluate the influence of polymer chemistry on the nature and magnitude of the humoral immune response after administration of a ...
Au Yong Kong Jung - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Supratentorial atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor (ATRT) in many cases has a distinctive appearance on post-gadolinium MRI. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether this is a unique appearance allowing ATRT to be distinguished accurately from other types of pediatric supratentorial tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of all available preoperative ...
Shin Ga-Yeong - - 2012
PURPOSE: Currently, the interaction between the niche and glioma cancer stem cells (gCSCs) is gaining attention. However, there are few studies concerned with the effects of repeated exposure to a new microenvironment on gCSCs characteristics. In this study, serial in vivo subtransplantation was performed to create a new microenvironment. We ...
Doi Shinpei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) is widely performed in patients with common bile duct stones (CBDS). However, the long-term outcomes of patients following ES have not been sufficiently elucidated. Impaired papillary function following ES may result in additional late complications. In contrast, endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD)-another option for treating CBDS-is ...
Zhang Shengfan - - 2012
The effect of breast density on survival outcomes for American women who participate in screening remains unknown. We studied the role of breast density on both breast cancer and other cause of mortality in screened women. Data for women with breast cancer, identified from the community-based Carolina Mammography Registry, were ...
Brouwer Matthijs C - - 2012
Rapid diagnosis and treatment of acute community-acquired bacterial meningitis reduces mortality and neurological sequelae, but can be delayed by atypical presentation, assessment of lumbar puncture safety, and poor sensitivity of standard diagnostic microbiology. Thus, diagnostic dilemmas are common in patients with suspected acute community-acquired bacterial meningitis. History and physical examination ...
- - 2012
A debate at this year's BVA Congress considered the increasing proportion of women in the veterinary profession and the implications this could have. It also sought to dispel some of the myths surrounding women in the workplace. Georgina Mills reports.
Oner Veysi - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the influence of axial length on retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness in myopic, hyperopic and emmetropic eyes by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: Subjects were divided into three groups: myopic (n=35), emmetropic (n=30) and hyperopic eyes (n=33). RNFL thickness was obtained from all octametric ...
Persson Inga-Lill - - 2012
We have addressed the impact of moose (Alces alces L.) on accumulation of secondary metabolites, lignin, and nitrogen in bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) along gradients of habitat productivity and solar radiation. The study was conducted within a long-term research project on direct and indirect impacts of moose on the ecosystem. ...
Bahillo Jose - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the marginal adaptation of cavities restored with a three-step etch-and-rinse adhesive, OptiBond FL (OFL) under different application protocols. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four class V cavities were prepared with half of the margins located in enamel and half in dentin. Cavities were ...
Slade Peter G - - 2012
Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO) are the most common cell line used in the production of therapeutic proteins. Understanding the complex pattern of secreted host cell proteins (HCP) that are released by CHO cells will facilitate the development of new recombinant protein production processes. In this study we have adapted ...
Faillace Meghan E - - 2012
Mineralizing osteoblasts are regularly used to study osteogenesis and model in vivo bone formation. Thus, it is important to verify that the mineral and matrix being formed in situ are comparable to those found in vivo. However, it has been shown that histochemical techniques alone are not sufficient for identifying ...
Kiss Monika - - 2012
We studied whether visual search for targets defined by a combination of features from different dimensions is guided by separately represented target features or by an integrated representation of the target objects. In Experiment 1, participants searched for target singleton bars that were defined by a specific combination of color ...
Pilgrim Thomas - - 2012
Peri-procedural bleeding complications are feared adverse events in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Little is known about the implications of peri-procedural bleeding on clinical outcome. In a prospective single-center registry of consecutive patients undergoing TAVI, we investigated incidence, predictors and clinical consequences of life-threatening and major bleeding as ...
Marmotti A - - 2012
PURPOSE: Minced chondral fragments are becoming popular as a source of cells for cartilage repair, as a growing interest is developing towards one-stage procedures to treat cartilage lesions. The purpose of this study is to (A) compare cell outgrowth from cartilage fragments of adult and young donors using two different ...
Pandey Usha - - 2012
Investigations on periphyton along an eutrophication gradient (NO(3) (-) = 0.23-0.96 mg L(-1); PO (4) (-3)  = 0.16-0.86 mg L(-1)) of Ganga River indicated that benthic algal biomass decreased with increasing concentrations of nutrients and dissolved organic carbon (DOC). Periphyton biomass showed negative relationship (R (2) = 0.98; p < 0.0001) with DOC and positive relationship (R (2) = 0.96; p < 0.0001) ...
Wang Chenchen - - 2012
We demonstrate the direct coupling of transient capillary isotachophoresis/ capillary zone electrophoresis (CITP/CZE) with a high sensitivity triple quadrupole mass spectrometer operating in selected reaction monitoring (SRM) mode for sample quantitation. The capability of CITP/CZE for in situ sample enrichment and separation has been shown to significantly improve the analytical ...
Feng Ye - - 2012
A portable method of group velocity measurement is proposed based on a self-seeded gain-switched laser. The calculated group velocity in the optical fiber is obtained by measuring the round-trip frequencies of the gain-switched laser diode with different external cavities, and only a 2 m long fiber is needed. The measurement can ...
Ram Rapur - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aims of the present report were to document our experience of the prevalence of tuberculous peritonitis in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, mode of presentation, diagnosis and outcome and to discuss the current published data about catheter removal. METHODS: A retrospective study of CAPD patients with tuberculous ...
van Breda Shane V - - 2012
The anatomical localization of caffeine within young Camellia sinensis leaves was investigated using immunohistochemical methods and confocal scanning laser microscopy. Preliminary fixation experiments were conducted with young C. sinensis leaves to determine which fixation procedure retained caffeine the best as determined by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis. High pressure freezing, freeze ...
Choi B-O - - 2012
The objective of the study was to investigate the disease-causing mutation in an autosomal dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 family and examine the clinical and histopathological evaluation. We enrolled a family of Korean origin with axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease neuropathy (FC305; 13 males, six females) and applied genome-wide linkage analysis. Whole ...
Kihm Hagyong - - 2012
A new mirror mounting technique applicable to the primary mirror in a space telescope is presented. This mounting technique replaces conventional bipod flexures with flexures having mechanical shims so that adjustments can be made to counter the effects of gravitational distortion of the mirror surface while being tested in the ...
Tummaruk Padet - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of farrowing duration, parity number, and type of anti-inflammatory drug used postpartum on the incidence of postparturient disorders in sows. The duration of farrowing and postparturient disorders were examined in 64 sows at Days 0, 1, 2, and 3 after ...
Jang An Soo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Refractory asthma, a subtype of asthma with uncontrolled symptoms despite antiasthma medications, is a heterogeneous syndrome with variable clinical features, presumably different etiologies, and pathophysiological mechanisms. The heterogeneity of refractory asthma, however, is poorly understood. We aimed to characterize refractory asthma and to improve our understanding of the heterogeneity ...
Mangino Massimo - - 2012
Twins have fascinated human communities since the beginning of recorded history. In cardiovascular research, twin studies played a pivotal role in the discovery of the genetic basis of coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction and most of their associated risk factors. Matched for age, prenatal and postnatal environmental factors, discordant monozygous ...
Koivistoinen A - - 2012
AIM: To identify linear peptide homing to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumor cells using ex vivo phage display method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six clinical patient samples were used to identify linear homing peptide, which was exposed to NSCLC cell cultures and control cell lines to determine cell binding affinity ...
Meckel Stephan - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: 4D phase contrast MR imaging (4D PC MRI) has been introduced for spatiotemporal evaluation of intracranial hemodynamics in various cerebrovascular diseases. However, it still lacks validation with standards of reference. Our goal was to compare blood flow quantification derived from 4D PC MRI with transcranial ultrasound and 2D PC ...
Sadahiro Sotaro - - 2012
The most common site of metastases in patients with colorectal cancer is the liver. Hepatic resection is considered to be the treatment of choice for liver metastasis from colorectal cancer; however, hepatic resection can be performed in only 20 or 25 % of all patients. Recurrence develops in the remnant liver ...
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