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Results 401 - 450 of 2645
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Ghebrehewet S - - 2012
SUMMARY We describe the largest outbreak of measles in Central and Eastern Cheshire (North West England) since the MMR vaccine was introduced in 1988, the majority of cases were not vaccinated and more than 20% of the cases belonged to the travelling community. Over 4 months, 147 clinical cases of ...
Giganti Fiorenza - - 2012
Normal subjects show an increase of sleepiness in the morning, early afternoon and before sleep. In the advanced stages of Parkinson's disease (PD) the mean level of sleepiness is quite high, while with respect to healthy subjects it seems to be unchanged in the early stages. The aim of this ...
Miguel Gabriel Antonio Stanisci - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Heart transplantation is an alternative for individuals with end-stage heart disease. However, episodes of heart rejection (HR) are frequent and increase morbidity and mortality, requiring the use of an accurate non-invasive exam for their diagnosis, since endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is not a complication-free procedure. OBJECTIVE: To compare the parameters ...
Wang Le - - 2012
Five organic acids (acetic, ferulic, 4-hydroxybenzoic, formic and levulinic acids) typically associated in the hemicellulose hydrolysate were selected to study their effects on the xylitol fermentation. The effects of individual and combined additions were independently evaluated on the following parameters: inhibitory concentration; initial cell concentration; pH value; and membrane integrity. ...
Mukherjee Somik - - 2012
This paper presents a detailed electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry (CV) investigation into the electrocatalytic activity of ultrafine (i.e., smaller than 2 nm) platinum (Pt) nanoparticles generated on a fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) surface via room temperature tilted target sputter deposition. In particular, the Pt-decorated FTO electrode surfaces were tested ...
León Federico R - - 2012
Summary Research on gender power in contraceptive use has focused on whether women have an active role in household decision-making (the participation model) or on the extent of their control of domestic decisions (the control model); it has also addressed the joint effects of power, age, education and work. Findings ...
Teulings H E - - 2012
Background:  Vitiligo is a common skin disease characterized by autoimmune melanocyte destruction. Recent genetic studies suggest a lower susceptibility to melanoma in patients with vitiligo; however, lifetime melanoma prevalence in patients with vitiligo has not previously been studied. Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) prevalence has been studied, but only in small ...
Liu Yu-Fan - - 2012
In prokaryotes, two-component signal transduction systems, consisting of a histidine kinase and a response regulator, play a critical role in regulating a range of cellular functions. A recent work suggests that XCC3315, a response regulator with a CheY-like receiver (REC) domain attached to an uncharacterized HD-related output domain (HDOD domain), ...
Imani Fooladi Abbas Ali - - 2012
Bioactive glass (BG) composites with a base of SiO(2) -Na(2) O-CaO-P(2) O(5) are biocompatible biomaterials. The assessment of their abilities for medical applications has interested researchers. We produced a BG-containing SiO(2) -MgO-CaO-P(2) O(5) by the sol-gel method. To determine the antibacterial effects, we analyzed the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and ...
Lotze Christian - - 2012
Energy harvesting from noise is a paradigm proposed by the theory of stochastic resonances. We demonstrate that the random switching of a hydrogen (H(2)) molecule can drive the oscillation of a macroscopic mechanical resonator. The H(2) motion was activated by tunneling electrons and caused fluctuations of the forces sensed by ...
Nebbioso M - - 2012
The pit of the optic nerve head (ON) is a rare congenital defect that sometimes presents itself with a maculopathy of various neuroretinal layers for unknown reason. This study was focused, before and after pharmacological and parasurgical treatment, on the structural and functional visual assessment in a patient with optic ...
Gualandro Danielle Menosi - - 2012
Over 230 million surgeries are performed annually worldwide, cardiac complications being the most common causes of postoperative morbidity and mortality. As life expectancy has extended worldwide, a growing number of patients with multiple comorbidities have undergone noncardiac surgeries. Consequently, cardiovascular complications associated with those procedures are expected to increase, and ...
Vélez Saül - - 2012
Evidence of how temperature plays a role in the magnetic irreversibility in the intermediate state of a cylinder and various disks of pure type-I superconducting lead is presented. Isothermal measurements of first magnetization curves and hysteresis cycles are analyzed in a reduced representation that defines an equilibrium state for flux ...
Vignesh Babu Heeralal - - 2012
The syntheses of Zn(ii), Cd(ii) and Cu(ii) complexes of 2,5-bis{N-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)iminomethyl}pyrrole (DIP(2)pyr)H and their catalytic activities in CO(2) fixation are reported. The structures of these complexes were characterized by IR, (1)H, (13)C NMR and single crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. The catalytic activities of these complexes for the cycloaddition of CO(2) to ...
Roccia Fabio - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to analyze the incidence, characteristics, and correlations between maxillofacial fractures and dental injuries in patients who were treated at a first-level trauma center in a metropolitan center in northwest Italy in the last 11 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 1, 2001 and December ...
Viefhues Martina - - 2012
The efficient detection, separation and purification of topological and (protein-)complexed DNA variants is mandatory for many state-of-the-art molecular medicine technologies, like medical diagnostics, gene- and cancer-therapy as well as plasmid vaccination. Here, we present the proof-of-concept of a novel micro-nanofluidic device for a fast and efficient, continuous-flow, and virtually label-free ...
Aprile I - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Autosomal dominant facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD), the third most common muscular dystrophy, is characterised by asymmetric and highly variable muscle weakness. In FSHD patients, the coupling of the ankle muscles impairment with the knee, hip and abdominal muscles impairment, causes complex alterations of balance and walking with deterioration of quality of ...
Lyrdal David - - 2012
Abstract Objective. In the Western world the incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has been increasing for several decades. In Sweden the incidence has decreased since 1980. This may reflect better health of the population. Another possible explanation could be a decrease in incidentally diagnosed RCC. Since these tumours are ...
Mao Mei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are defined as a special type of stem cell that have been found to directly incorporate into injured vessels and that participate in angiogenesis and reconstruction by differentiation into endothelial cells. EPCs are widely used to therapeutically treat cardiovascular disease, limb ischemia and vascular repair. ...
McCarthy Aoife L - - 2012
Brewers' spent grain (BSG) is a low-value co-product of the brewing industry produced in large quantities annually. This paper reviews the existing evidence regarding the phenolic component of BSG, focusing on composition, extraction and biofunctions such as antioxidant, anti-atherogenic, anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic activities. Furthermore, the incorporation of BSG in foodstuffs ...
Gershon Elliot S - - 2012
In bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SZ) rare and de novo chromosomal microdeletions and microduplications (CNVs) have strong effects on risk. For de novo CNVs, the risk of BD or SZ is 10% and for deletions of the q11 region on chromosome 22, the risk of either of these disorders ...
Sterman Hugo - - 2012
The authors describe a rare case of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA) associated with tuberous sclerosis complex that presented with intratumoral bleeding with extension to the ventricles. The literature regarding intracranial hemorrhage of SEGA is reviewed and only five cases have been reported in the literature. We have not identified ...
Heser K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Whether late-onset depression is a risk factor for or a prodrome of dementia remains unclear. We investigated the impact of depressive symptoms and early- v. late-onset depression on subsequent dementia in a cohort of elderly general-practitioner patients (n = 2663, mean age = 81.2 years). Method Risk for subsequent dementia was estimated over ...
Wiklund Martin - - 2012
In part 21 of the tutorial series "Acoustofluidics - exploiting ultrasonic standing wave forces and acoustic streaming in microfluidic systems for cell and particle manipulation", we review applications of ultrasonic standing waves used for enhancing immunoassays and particle sensors. The paper covers ultrasonic enhancement of bead-based immuno-agglutination assays, bead-based immuno-fluorescence ...
Geurts Hilde M - - 2012
We tested whether in 85 healthy adults (18-29 years) there is a relationship between grey-matter (GM) volume and autism and ADHD symptom severity. The structural MRI findings and autism and ADHD self-reports revealed that autism and ADHD symptom severity was correlated with GM volume in the left inferior frontal gyrus. Autism ...
Duckett Simon B - - 2012
Parahydrogen induced polarisation (PHIP) has wide utility in NMR and MRI as it can increase the sensitivity of both techniques. The transfer of spin order from parahydrogen to nuclei in the analyte leads to an increased magnetic response following interrogation by RF pulses. This spin transfer is catalysed by a ...
Komori Yasuka - - 2012
Abstract This study investigated the extent of contact-lens use in Japanese college water-polo male players over 20 years (1991-2011, once every five years). Information about the use of contact lenses during play and the types of contact lens was obtained through a self-report questionnaire. The proportion of contact lens use ...
Dong Haiying - - 2012
Alveolar macrophages (AMs) play a vital role in lung immunity. The recent studies demonstrated that potassium channels were associated with macrophage functions, such as activation, migration and cytokines secretion. However, less is known regarding the expression and function of ERG channels in AMs. Our study showed that ERG1 channel expressed ...
Bachernegg Alexander - - 2012
Purpose: Genetic factors have been shown to play a remarkable role in the pathophysiology of glaucoma. Recently, two polymorphisms (rs1533428 and rs12994401) on chromosome 2p were found to be strongly associated with POAG in an Afro-Caribbean population in Barbados, West Indies. As data with regard to the role of these ...
Lee Eun Kyeong - - 2012
Abstract Glutathione (GSH) is an important cellular antioxidant and has a critical role in maintaining the balance of cellular redox. In this study, we investigated the GSH biosynthesis genes involved in the elevation of endogenous GSH levels using an irradiation system with an irradiation dose rate of 1.78 mGy/h, which ...
Kulikovska Olga - - 2012
We studied peculiarities of the structural reconstruction within holographically recorded gratings on the surface of several different amorphous azobenzene-containing polymers. Under illumination with a light interference pattern, two processes take place in this type of polymer. The first process is the light-induced orientation of azobenzene units perpendicular to the polarization ...
Mukherjee Koushik - - 2012
Tuberculosis is a dreadful disease that results in innumerable deaths across the world that is caused by bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Emergence of multi drug resistance (MDR) and extremely drug resistance tuberculosis (XDR) strains and its co-infection with HIV has made tuberculosis more difficult to treat. Therefore, new anti-mycobacterial agent(s) for ...
Ko Sung Min - - 2012
Cardiac computed tomography (CT) produces high-quality anatomical images of the cardiac valves and associated structures. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides images of valve morphology, and allows quantitative evaluation of valvular dysfunction and determination of the impact of valvular lesions on cardiovascular structures. Recent studies have demonstrated that cardiac CT ...
Calmy A - - 2012
We evaluated the influence of long-term HIV infection and its treatment on distal tibia and radius microstructure. Premenopausal eumenorrheic HIV-positive women displayed trabecular and cortical microstructure alterations, which could contribute to increased bone fragility in those patients. INTRODUCTION: Bone fragility is an emerging issue in HIV-infected patients. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry ...
Ekizer Abdullah - - 2012
The aim of this experimental study was to evaluate histomorphometrically the effects of light-emitting diode (LED) photobiomodulation therapy (LPT) on bone formation in response to expansion of the interpremaxillary suture in rats. Twenty male, 50- to 60-day-old Wistar rats were divided into two equal groups (control and experimental). Both groups ...
Gervasini Guillermo - - 2012
In this study, we analyzed the influence of CYP1A2 genetic variation and enzyme activity on lung cancer risk in a high-incidence area. A total of 95 lung cancer patients and 196 controls were genotyped for the -3860G/A, -3113A/G, -2467T/delT, -739T/G, and -163C/A polymorphisms in the 5'-untranslated region of the gene. ...
Clark David A - - 2012
Concern has been raised about an increased risk of lymphoma and skin cancers in patients with rheumatoid arthritis due to administration of anti-TNF-α drugs. Meta-analysis of observational data from registries as well as from randomized controlled trials has failed to show a significant increase in the risk of lymphoma when ...
Boligon A A - - 2012
Body size is directly related to the productive and reproductive performance of beef cattle raised under free-range conditions. In an attempt to better plan selection criteria, avoiding extremes in body size, this study estimated the heritabilities and genetic correlations of yearling hip height (YH) and mature hip height (MH) with ...
Yanagisawa Shin - - 2012
Autophagy is a degradation system in which cellular components are digested via vacuoles/lysosomes. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the induction of autophagy results from inactivation of Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 (TORC1), promoting formation of the serine/threonine kinase Atg1, which is one of the key autophagy-related (Atg) proteins required ...
Omata Takuya - - 2012
The effect of platinum loading on cathode performance in hydrogen/oxygen fuel cells was investigated using perfluorosulfonic acid (Nafion), sulfonated polyimide (SPI-8) and sulfonated poly(phenylene ether ether ketone) (SPEEK) ionomers as the electrode binder. By lowering the platinum loading, the cathode polarization decreased for MEAs using SPI-8 and SPEEK binders at ...
Palma Antonella Di - - 2012
The ultrastructure and functional adaptations of male chelicerae in Hattena cometis Domrow are discussed. In particular, as in many other gamasid mites, males of Hattena use the chelicerae, modified as gonopods, to transfer the sperm into the female. For such purpose, a slender process extending from the movable digit, the ...
Meyer Frederik M - - 2012
The Gram-positive soil bacterium Bacillus subtilis uses glucose and malate as the preferred carbon sources. In the presence of either glucose or malate, the expression of genes and operons for the utilization of secondary carbon sources is subject to carbon catabolite repression. While glucose is a preferred substrate in many ...
Yuan Wenjing - - 2012
Covalently grafting reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets with sulfophenyl or ethylenediamine groups can produce chemically modified graphene (CMG) for fabricating high-performance gas sensors. The NO(2) sensors based on these CMGs exhibit sensitivities 4 to 16 times higher than that of a sensor based on rGO. They also show excellent selectivity ...
Guy Paul L - - 2012
The preservation of macromolecules is at best haphazard. Modern techniques have improved the detection of ancient DNA and proteins, but there is little information on the preservation of RNA. Fifty-year-old dried leaf material showing symptoms of peach calico disease was used successfully in RT-PCRs to amplify peach latent mosaic viroid ...
Pescosolido N - - 2012
AIM: To investigate the effect of luminance variations, as well as the oral administration of a food supplement, on the visual bioelectric response while using of Night Vision Goggles (NVG). METHODS: Two trials were performed, both enrolling healthy male aircrew members wearing NVG, and recording Visual Evoked Potentials (VEPs) from ...
Birnbaum Monica S - - 2012
Kornell and Bjork (Psychological Science 19:585-592, 2008) found that interleaving exemplars of different categories enhanced inductive learning of the concepts based on those exemplars. They hypothesized that the benefit of mixing exemplars from different categories is that doing so highlights differences between the categories. Kang and Pashler (Applied Cognitive Psychology ...
Mullen Michael T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Seizures are common after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) but their impact on outcome is uncertain and prophylactic anti-convulsant use is controversial. We hypothesized that seizures would not increase the risk of in-hospital mortality in a large administrative database. METHODS: The study population included patients in the 2006 Nationwide Inpatient Sample ...
Kallberg Kristian - - 2012
Chromatography has become an indispensable tool for the purification of proteins. Since the regulatory demands on protein purity are expected to become stricter, the need for generating improved resins for chromatographic separations has increased. More advanced scientific investigations of protein structure/function relationships, in particular, have also been a driving force ...
Sung-Chan P - - 2012
Effective interventions are needed to address the growing epidemic of childhood obesity. In the past 35 years, family-based approach has gradually developed as a preferred intervention. This review aimed to examine the methodological rigour and treatment effectiveness of family-based interventions according to intervention types and theoretical orientations. A total of ...
Seder-Colomina M - - 2012
Microbial mats are coastal ecosystems that consist mainly of cyanobacteria, primary producers in these habitats that play an important role in stabilising delta sediments. However, these ecosystems are subject to various kinds of pollution, including metal contamination, placing their survival at risk. Among heavy metals, copper is an essential metal ...
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