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Results 351 - 400 of 2649
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Ohno Akira A Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Toho University, Japan. - - 2013
Antimicrobial growth promoters (AGPs) have been banned and phased out because their use has been linked to the emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant pathogens; however, the ban has had a marked impact on livestock production, and feed additive alternatives to AGPs are required. We focused on green tea leaves as ...
Haas J - - 2012
Current studies suggest dysfunctional emotional processing as a key factor in the aetiology of temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Investigating facial emotion recognition (FER) may offer an elegant and reliable way to study emotional processing in patients with TMD. Twenty patients with TMD and the same number of age-, sex- and education-matched ...
- - 2012
Fluorosis in over one quarter of 13-year-olds who grew up in an area with water fluoridation.
Vithanarachchi Sashiprabha M - - 2012
A multimodal, β-amyloid-targeted contrast agent was synthesized and studied in vitro. The agent has a higher relaxivity than a clinically approved contrast agent and interacts with β-amyloid aggregates producing changes in relaxation rate and fluorescence emission.
Escribano D - - 2012
The objective of this study was to develop and validate a time-resolved immunofluorometric assay (TR-IFMA) for porcine salivary chromogranin A (CgA) measurements, using a species-specific antibody, and evaluate its behaviour in an acute stress model. Polyclonal antibodies were produced in rabbits immunized with a synthetic porcine fragment of CgA359-379 and ...
Mansour A N - - 2012
X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy at the Ga and Ge K-edges was used to study changes in the Ga and Ge electronic structure and local coordination geometry as a function of composition in Ba(8)Ga(16)Ge(30-x)Si(x) type I clathrates (x = 0, 7.5, 9.1, 10.7, 13.4 and 30). Based on XANES data, the partial ...
Belsey Jonathan - - 2012
Abstract Objective: It is unclear whether small bowel visibility in video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is enhanced by the use of bowel preparation in addition to pre-procedural fasting. The objective of this study was to clarify this issue by means of a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis. Methods: Randomised ...
Yamato Masanori - - 2012
Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) can reduce inflammation in a variety of clinical conditions, including trauma, postherpetic neuralgia, and rheumatoid arthritis. However, the effect of LLLT on internal organs has not been elucidated. The goal of the present study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of daily external LLLT in an ...
Whiteway Susan L - - 2012
Medulloblastoma accounts for 20 % of all primary pediatric intracranial tumors. Current treatment cures 50-80 % of patients but is associated with significant long-term morbidity and thus new therapeutic targets are needed. One such target is cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6), a serine/threonine kinase that plays a vital role in cell cycle progression and ...
Toyoda Hidenori - - 2012
We investigated the gene expression of tissue inhibitor metalloproteinases (TIMPs) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and serum levels of TIMPs, MMPs, and hyaluronic acid that are associated with liver fibrosis in 64 patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD). Whereas, no differences were found between patients with and without nonalcoholic steatohepatitis ...
Shaw Joseph E - - 2012
Thermal scanning lithography is used to pattern semiconducting nanoribbon-like pentacene structures with ultrahigh spatial resolution onto arbitrary substrates in air. The method allows control of the pentacene crystal growth direction and domain-size distribution. By combining these quasi-1-dimensional nanoribbon-like structures with conductive electrodes and a suitable gate dielectric, functional p-channel transistors ...
Chen Qing-An - - 2012
The transition metal catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of unsaturated compounds arguably presents one of the most attractive methods for the synthesis of chiral compounds. Over the last few decades, Pd has gradually grown up as a new and popular metal catalyst in homogeneous asymmetric hydrogenation the same as traditional Ru, Rh ...
Bradbury Michelle S - - 2012
Early diagnosis and treatment of melanoma are essential to minimizing morbidity and mortality. The presence of lymph node metastases is a vital prognostic predictor, and accurate identification by imaging has important implications for disease staging, prognosis, and clinical outcome. Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping procedures are limited by a lack ...
Kennett Douglas J - - 2012
The role of climate change in the development and demise of Classic Maya civilization (300 to 1000 C.E.) remains controversial because of the absence of well-dated climate and archaeological sequences. We present a precisely dated subannual climate record for the past 2000 years from Yok Balum Cave, Belize. From comparison ...
Malt Barbara C - - 2012
It is widely assumed that artifacts fall into distinct kinds. These kinds are generally identified by appeal to words-chair versus stool versus bowl versus vase, and so on. But contextual and cross-linguistic variation in what artifacts are grouped together by name raise questions about whether artifacts indeed do fall into ...
Endres Michaela - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Scaffold-assisted autologous chondrocyte implantation is an effective clinical procedure for cartilage repair. From the regulatory point of view, the ovine model is one of the suggested large animal models for pre-clinical studies. The aim of our study was to evaluate the in vitro re-differentiation capacity of expanded ovine ...
Baciewicz Anne M - - 2012
Abstract Background: Rifampin is a potent inducer of both cytochrome P-450 oxidative enzymes and the P-glycoprotein transport system. Among numerous well-documented, clinically significant interactions, examples include warfarin, oral contraceptives, itraconazole, digoxin, verapamil, simvastatin, and human immunodeficiency virus-related protease inhibitors. Rifabutin reduces serum concentrations of antiretroviral agents, but less so than ...
Depry Charlene C Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2013
Cells rely on a complex, interconnected network of signaling pathways to sense and interpret changes in their extracellular environment. The development of genetically encoded fluorescent protein (FP)-based biosensors has made it possible for researchers to directly observe and characterize the spatiotemporal dynamics of these intracellular signaling pathways in living cells. ...
Oliveira Boaz Galdino de - - 2012
In this paper, the intermolecular structural study asserted by the vibrational analysis in the stretch frequencies of hydrogen bonds (πH) and dihydrogen bonds (H(-δ)H(+δ)) have definitively been revisited by means of calculations carried out by Density Functional Theory (DFT) and topological parameters derived from the classic treatise of the Quantum ...
Inoue Takashi A - - 2012
Many butterflies acquire nutrients from non-nectar sources such as puddles. To better understand how male Papilio butterflies identify suitable sites for puddling, we used behavioral and electrophysiological methods to examine the responses of Japanese Papilio butterflies to Na(+), K(+), Ca(2+), and Mg(2+). Based on behavioral analyses, these butterflies preferred a ...
Nishida Yoshihiro - - 2012
Although Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is common in western countries, it is extremely rare in Asian ones including Japan. Recently, oral risedronate (17.5 mg once daily) was approved in Japan as a treatment of PDB besides calcitonin and etidronate. However, there are few data regarding the efficacy of this agent, ...
Kolesarova A - - 2012
The aim of this study was to examine possible effects of bee pollen added to the feed mixture (FM) on rat ovarian functions (secretion activity and apoptosis). We evaluated the bee pollen effect on the release of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and steroid hormones (progesterone and estradiol), as well ...
Stean H - - 2012
Dentistry as a profession is suffering in the economic depression, yet this is not reflected in academic journals, with an increase in titles, articles and the advertising of new products and training courses suggesting otherwise. Work for dentists is thinning and patients are less willing to accept the costs of ...
Schlipalius David I - - 2012
Phosphine is a small redox-active gas that is used to protect global grain reserves, which are threatened by the emergence of phosphine resistance in pest insects. We find that polymorphisms responsible for genetic resistance cluster around the redox-active catalytic disulfide or the dimerization interface of dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (DLD) in insects ...
Báez Alejandra Lidia - - 2012
SUMMARY Chagasic cardiopathy has become one of the most frequent causes of heart failure and sudden death, as well as one of the most common causes of cardio-embolic stroke in Latin America. The myocyte response to oxidative stress involves the progression of cellular changes, primarily targeting the mitochondria and modifying ...
Tzifa Aphrodite - - 2012
Aortopulmonary window is a communication between the main pulmonary artery and the ascending aorta in the presence of two separate semilunar valves. The combination of an aortopulmonary window with interrupted aortic arch is rare. We discuss the unique case of an extremely premature infant weighing 1.7 kilograms who underwent cardiovascular ...
Roome Chris J - - 2012
We investigated how two calcium clearance mechanisms, the sodium-calcium exchanger-NCX, and the plasma membrane calcium ATPase-PMCA2, function at the facilitating cerebellar parallel fibre to Purkinje neuron (PF-PN) synapse. Forward mode NCX helped recover PF presynaptic calcium elevations when the PFs received a double stimulation and the calcium load was sufficiently ...
Anthonappa R P RP Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, School of Dentistry, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia. - - 2013
Several papers have been published to illustrate the effectiveness of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as a pulpotomy medicament. Most of these reports do not offer a critical assessment on the data quality. Therefore, this review evaluated whether the currently available evidence is of an appropriate quality to support the long-term ...
Ekholm Ola - - 2012
Gambling is a worldwide phenomenon. For most persons this causes only small or no problems, but for some, pathological gambling can be the result of entering the gambling environment. The objectives were to estimate the past year and lifetime prevalence of problem gambling in the adult Danish population (16 years or ...
Devendra Raghavendra - - 2012
We investigate the two-dimensional continuous size-based separation of suspended particles in gravity-driven deterministic lateral displacement (g-DLD) devices. The suspended particles are driven through a regular array of cylindrical obstacles under the action of gravity. We perform experiments covering the entire range of forcing orientations with respect to the array of ...
Graf S W - - 2012
This study aims to compare different methods of monosodium urate crystal (MSU) detection in synovial fluid (SF) and the effect of sample storage and handling on crystal detection. A systematic literature search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and the American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism conference ...
Lim Kipil - - 2012
Blue (<480 nm) emitting Cd-free quantum dots (QDs) are in great demand for various applications. However, their synthesis has been challenging. Here we present blue emitting InP/ZnS core/shell QDs with a band edge emission of 475 nm and a full width at half maximum of 39 nm (215 meV) from their quantum confined states. ...
Hammel Joy - - 2012
Purpose: This qualitative, multi-site study compared and contrasted the outcomes of mobility technology (MT) and the factors influencing these outcomes from the perspective of MT users, caregivers, and professionals involved in MT service delivery. Method: Qualitative focus groups were held in the USA and Canada with multiple stakeholder groups (consumer: ...
Dubrovskii Vladimir G - - 2012
Au-catalyzed CdTe nanowires have been grown by close-space sublimation on Mo foils via the vapor-liquid-solid technique. Nanowire length (up to 25 μm) increased as a function of growth temperature and time. Nanowire average radius only started to increase after 20 min of growth. A model has been developed to quantitatively describe this ...
Alfadhli Suad - - 2012
Analysing two CTLA-4 markers [exon 1 A49G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and exon 4 3'UTR (AT)n repeat] and the ICOS intron 4 (GT)n marker for their potential association with HT, and exploring the effect of the tested SNPs on the CTLA-4 isoform expression at the mRNA and protein levels. Total ...
Dougherty Donald M DM Department of Psychiatry, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, NRLC MC 7793, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, TX 78229-3900, USA. - - 2013
Marijuana is a popular drug of abuse among adolescents, and they may be uniquely vulnerable to resulting cognitive and behavioral impairments. Previous studies have found impairments among adolescent marijuana users. However, the majority of this research has examined measures individually rather than multiple domains in a single cohesive analysis. This ...
Ebersbach Hilmar - - 2012
Disease intervention by targeting a critical pathway molecule through a blocking antibody or interference by therapeutic proteins is currently en vogue. Generation of blocking antibodies or therapeutic proteins inevitably requires the production of recombinant proteins or cell-based immunogens. Thus, one could call the antigen molecule the neglected player in antibody ...
Koelblinger Claus - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare tumour-to-liver contrast (TLC) of C-arm CT during hepatic arteriography (CACTHA) acquired using three protocols in patients with HCC. METHODS: This prospective study was IRB approved and informed consent was obtained from each patient. Twenty-nine patients (mean age, 68 ± 7 years; 27 men) with 55 HCCs (mean diameter, 2.6 ± 1.5 cm) underwent ...
Mason Michael J - - 2012
Although some evidence indicates that religiosity may be protective against substance use in the urban youth population, limited research has investigated the effects of multiple dimensions of religiosity on substance use in this population. In this study, a sample of 301 urban adolescents was used (a) to test the effects ...
Bouffier Laurent - - 2012
The control of motion of small objects is an emerging research area. Their design strongly depends on the strategy chosen to trigger the locomotion, which is typically obtained by either physical or chemical fueling. An ongoing challenge in this field is the remote control of the motion with space and ...
Averbeck B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Thunberg's thermal grill produces a sensation of strong heat upon skin contact with spatially interlaced innocuous warm and cool stimuli. METHODS: To examine the classes of peripheral axons that might contribute to this illusion, the effects of topical l-menthol, an activator of TRPM8, and cinnamaldehyde, a TRPA1 agonist, on ...
Costa R - - 2012
Electroactive materials can be taken to advantage for the development of sensors and actuators as well as for novel tissue engineering strategies. Composites based on poly(vinylidene fluoride), PVDF, have been evaluated with respect to their biological response. Cell viability and proliferation were performed in vitro both with Mesenchymal Stem Cells ...
Clark David A - - 2012
Concern has been raised about an increased risk of lymphoma and skin cancers in patients with rheumatoid arthritis due to administration of anti-TNF-α drugs. Meta-analysis of observational data from registries as well as from randomized controlled trials has failed to show a significant increase in the risk of lymphoma when ...
Philip Benjamin A BA Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 206 Melvin H. Marx Building, 1416 Carrie Francke Dr, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. - - 2013
Previous findings show an advantage in response speed when stimulus and response correspond spatially (i.e., the Simon effect). Chronic unilateral amputees show altered spatial perception near their affected hand, providing an opportunity to investigate whether experience also affects the visuomotor stimulus-response (S-R) mapping that underlies the Simon effect. We used ...
Boligon A A - - 2012
Body size is directly related to the productive and reproductive performance of beef cattle raised under free-range conditions. In an attempt to better plan selection criteria, avoiding extremes in body size, this study estimated the heritabilities and genetic correlations of yearling hip height (YH) and mature hip height (MH) with ...
Yanagisawa Shin - - 2012
Autophagy is a degradation system in which cellular components are digested via vacuoles/lysosomes. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the induction of autophagy results from inactivation of Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 (TORC1), promoting formation of the serine/threonine kinase Atg1, which is one of the key autophagy-related (Atg) proteins required ...
Omata Takuya - - 2012
The effect of platinum loading on cathode performance in hydrogen/oxygen fuel cells was investigated using perfluorosulfonic acid (Nafion), sulfonated polyimide (SPI-8) and sulfonated poly(phenylene ether ether ketone) (SPEEK) ionomers as the electrode binder. By lowering the platinum loading, the cathode polarization decreased for MEAs using SPI-8 and SPEEK binders at ...
Palma Antonella Di - - 2012
The ultrastructure and functional adaptations of male chelicerae in Hattena cometis Domrow are discussed. In particular, as in many other gamasid mites, males of Hattena use the chelicerae, modified as gonopods, to transfer the sperm into the female. For such purpose, a slender process extending from the movable digit, the ...
Meyer Frederik M - - 2012
The Gram-positive soil bacterium Bacillus subtilis uses glucose and malate as the preferred carbon sources. In the presence of either glucose or malate, the expression of genes and operons for the utilization of secondary carbon sources is subject to carbon catabolite repression. While glucose is a preferred substrate in many ...
Yuan Wenjing - - 2012
Covalently grafting reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets with sulfophenyl or ethylenediamine groups can produce chemically modified graphene (CMG) for fabricating high-performance gas sensors. The NO(2) sensors based on these CMGs exhibit sensitivities 4 to 16 times higher than that of a sensor based on rGO. They also show excellent selectivity ...
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