Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2645
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Steinmetz A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pain and overuse are common problems for musicians. Up to 80% of professional musicians suffer from playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMD). The prevalence rate in music students is very high as well. Sufficient data on the underlying musculoskeletal dysfunctions however is scarce. Additionally, the self-assessment of health in musicians seems ...
Donovan Peter J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) is used for many off-label indications without high quality evidence to support its efficacy. The aim of this study was to determine indications for use of off-label rFVIIa, efficacy and safety, and adherence to institutional guidelines. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of off-label rFVIIa ...
Amin Reena - - 2012
Background: Different body-related behaviours and cognitions (checking, avoidance, comparison, display) have been shown to be related to unhealthy eating attitudes in a non-clinical sample. Aims: This study tested whether the use of body-related behaviours is higher in eating-disordered women than in non-clinical women. It also examined whether the use of ...
Thomas Neil - - 2012
Background: Depressive symptoms are common in schizophrenia. Previous studies have observed that depressive symptoms are associated with both insight and negative appraisals of illness, suggesting that the way in which the person thinks about their illness may influence the occurrence of depressive responses. In affective disorders, one of the most ...
Domanico D - - 2012
X-linked Retinoschisis is a bilateral retinal disease with a recessive X-linked inheritance, characterized by a macular involvement. Maculopathy consists of bilateral star-shaped microcystic changes. Peripheral retina is sometimes involved with schisis. In two years, were examined 10 eyes of 5 male patients (age range 20-25 years old) with X-linked Juvenile ...
Wallerstedt Anna - - 2012
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to identify preoperative patient and tumour-related factors associated with 12 months postoperative urinary incontinence. Material and methods. In total, 1529 men who had undergone radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer between September 2008 and February 2010 at 15 Swedish hospitals completed ...
Blythe Karole L - - 2012
Ground state depletion with individual molecule return (GSDIM) is used to interrogate the location of individual fluorescence bursts from fluorophore-labelled DNA molecules on gold nanowire surfaces. Carboxytetramethyl rhodamine (TAMRA)-labelled double-stranded DNA molecules were bound to the surface of gold nanowires via gold-thiol linkages. Individual fluorescence bursts were spatially localized using ...
Aguayo Víctor M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of facility-based care for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in malnutrition treatment centres (MTC). DESIGN: Early detection and treatment of SAM using locally adapted protocols; assessment of programme outcomes, including survival, default, discharge and recovery rates. SETTING: All forty-eight MTC in Jharkhand, India. SUBJECTS: ...
Li Qi - - 2012
A novel fabrication method of polymer tubes with simple operation process and high yield is presented. N,N'-methylene bisacrylamide (MBA) polymer microtubes are fabricated via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization using MBA self-assembled fibers as both the template and monomer source. The resulting products are characterized by SEM, TEM, FTIR, ...
Ye Zi-Piao - - 2012
Models describing the light response of photosynthetic electron transport rate (ETR) are routinely used to determine how light absorption influences energy, reducing power and yields of primary productivity; however, no single model is currently able to provide insight into the fundamental processes that implicitly govern the variability of light absorption. ...
Manzotte Thais - - 2012
Human leucocyte antigen (HLA) DQB1*0602 allele, a well-known genetic risk factor for narcolepsy, has been associated with sleep parameters in healthy subjects. We aimed to assess the association of this allele with daytime sleepiness and altered sleep electroencephalogram characteristics in the general population and in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea ...
Buhrman M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain can be treated with cognitive behavioural therapy delivered in multidisciplinary settings. However, relapse is likely, and there is a need for cost-effective secondary interventions for persons with residual problems after rehabilitation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a guided Internet-delivered cognitive ...
Wu Miao - - 2012
Methylumbelliferyl-β-cellobioside (MUF -G2) is a convenient fluorogenic substrate for certain β-glycoside hydrolases ( GH ). However, hydrolysis of the aglycone is poor with GH family 6 enzymes ( GH6), despite strong binding. Prediction of the orientation of the aglycone of MUF -G2 in the +1 subsite of Hypocrea jecorina Cel6A ...
Yazdankhah Kenary A - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of the present randomized clinical trial was to compare feeling of a foreign body and the early and late outcomes after inguinal hernia repair with the heavyweight (HW) mesh and lightweight (LW) mesh during a 12-month follow-up at a single specialist center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred ...
Loughlin Kevin R - - 2012
The implications of the article by Anderson et al go far beyond monitoring of cystoscopies. We are in an era of a growing doctor shortage and retrenched healthcare budgets. There will be an increased need for innovative approaches to deliver healthcare more efficiently and economically. There are at least three ...
Boffin Henri M J - - 2012
Stars are generally spherical, yet their gaseous envelopes often appear nonspherical when ejected near the end of their lives. This quirk is most notable during the planetary nebula phase, when these envelopes become ionized. Interactions among stars in a binary system are suspected to cause the asymmetry. In particular, a ...
Yamano K - - 2012
Human alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is caused by the accidental ingestion of Echinococcus multilocularis eggs. Early detection is essential as surgical resection is the only treatment for a complete cure. However, details are unclear about changes in the antibody response during the initial stages of infection, yet such information is useful ...
Taylor Rachel A - - 2012
Many natural systems are subject to seasonal environmental change. As a consequence many species exhibit seasonal changes in their life history parameters-such as a peak in the birth rate in spring. It is important to understand how this seasonal forcing affects the population dynamics. The main way in which seasonal ...
Ye Jun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: National coverage of neonatal screening for hyperphenylalaninaemia (HPA) in China is still low and tests to differentiate causes of HPA are not performed in many centres. This study aimed to describe the demographics, geographic distribution, diagnosis, treatment and clinical outcomes of treatment, including intellectual development, in patients with tetrahydrobiopterin ...
Lekpa F K - - 2012
Data on characteristics of neuropathic pain (NP) in sub-Saharan Africa are scarce, especially in the elderly. We conducted this study to appreciate the socio-demographic and clinical profile of chronic pain (CP) with neuropathic characteristics in sub-Saharan African elderly with musculoskeletal pain. From January to December 2011, we performed a cross-sectional ...
Varghese George Kadakasseril - - 2012
Context: Cassia alata Linn. [syn. Senna alata (L.) Roxb.] (Caesalpiniaceae) is used for treating various disease conditions including diabetes but its mechanism(s) of action and active principles remain to be elucidated. Objective: The antidiabetic principles were identified using an in vitro α-glucosidase inhibition study. Materials and methods: The methanol extract ...
King Daniel L - - 2012
Video-gaming is an increasingly prevalent activity among children and adolescents that is known to influence several areas of emotional, cognitive and behavioural functioning. Currently there is insufficient experimental evidence about how extended video-game play may affect adolescents' sleep. The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term impact of ...
Tekin Levent - - 2012
The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that dry needling is more effective than sham dry needling in the treatment of myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). This was a prospective, double-blinded, randomized-controlled study conducted in an outpatient clinic. Thirty-nine subjects with established myofascial trigger points were randomized into ...
Marcellis Rik G J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) with blood gas analysis may be helpful when there is a discrepancy between clinical findings and physiologic tests at rest. The aim of this study was to examine the added value of CPET compared to the measurement of the diffusing capacity of the lung for ...
Patel R - - 2012
Objectives To describe the prevalence of oral diseases and their impact on oral-health-related quality of life in people with severe mental illness undertaking community-based psychiatric care.Methods A survey was conducted at eight outpatient psychiatric care clinics in Tower Hamlets, London, UK. One hundred and twelve consecutive patients with mental illness ...
Birks Hilary H - - 2012
Parducci et al. (Reports, 2 March 2012, p. 1083) fail to present convincing evidence for glacial survival of Pinus and Picea in northern Scandinavia. Their methodology does not exclude contamination. Additionally, they should consider the lack of suitable habitats, the apparent extinction of both taxa after deglacial warming, and alternative ...
Nebbioso M - - 2012
AIM: To describe the observations obtained by confocal microscopy concerning corneal stromal structure in the process of adenoviral epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, from the onset of the disease up to 20 weeks of follow-up, after topical cyclosporine. METHODS: A 16-years-old boy has developed subepithelial infiltrates and an epidemic keratoconjunctivitis from adenovirus in ...
Rivera-Virtudazo R V - - 2012
An innovative type of hollow silicate nanoparticle with a micro/mesoporous shell wall (NSHPMS) was synthesized at room temperature via an eco-friendly double template approach, followed by simple acid reflux. TEM observations of NSHPMSs showed hollow interior nanoparticles (<100 nm) with a wormhole-like shell structure. The nitrogen gas (N(2)) adsorption/desorption isotherm exhibited ...
Chen Tao - - 2012
Glioma is one of the most common solid tumors, and the molecular mechanism for this disease is poorly understood. EphB4 tyrosine kinase receptor has been involved in various physiologic and pathologic processes, and the role of EphB4 in tumorigenesis has recently attracted much interest. However, its function in glioma remains ...
Ku Nai-Jen - - 2012
The glancing-angle deposition technique can be used to control the growth direction of InN nanorods and nanowires, enabling potential applications for fabricating nanopiezotronics and nanogenerators. This study demonstrates the feasibility of using an obliquely aligned InN nanorod array to harvest electricity from the ambient environment, leading to the realization of ...
Sharma Vinod Kumar - - 2012
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) to Parthenium hysterophorus is the most common cause of plant dermatitis in India. Parthenium dermatitis is caused by dry powder of leaves and flowers and hair-like structures (trichomes). Sesquiterpene lactones (SQLs) are the most important allergens responsible for ACD to parthenium. The different patterns include classical ...
Parlett Christopher M A - - 2012
In this review, we discuss the phenomenon of complementary macropore incorporation into mesoporous and/or microporous solids in order to enhance their catalytic performance in fuels and chemicals synthesis.
Coral Sandra - - 2012
PURPOSE: Pharmacologic DNA hypomethylation holds strong promises in cancer immunotherapy due to its immunomodulatory activity on neoplastic cells. Searching for more efficient DNA hypomethylating agents to be utilized to design novel immunotherapeutic strategies in cancer, we investigated the immunomodulatory properties of the new DNA hypomethylating agent SGI-110, that is resistant ...
Tanyeri Hasan - - 2012
Flexible optic laryngoscopy (FOL) allows us to visualize the obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)-related airway passages. Retropalatal region is a part of upper airway contributing to the OSA. We aimed to demonstrate the changes in the retropalatal surface area (RPSA) after submucosal uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (smUPPP) in an attempt to exhibit enlargement as ...
Morabito Rosa - - 2012
We report the CT and MR characteristics of a newborn with a rare, complex malformation characterised by a large rhinopharyngeal and oropharyngeal enterogenous cyst, associated with an osseous defect of the basiocciput, called canalis basilaris medianus (CBM). A partial herniation of the bulb was demonstrated through the bony defect on ...
Wittschieber Daniel - - 2012
Due to increasing international migratory movements, forensic age estimations of living individuals in criminal proceedings are gaining increasing significance for forensic physicians and radiologists involved in delivering expert opinions. The present study examines the suitability of the radiologically well-known Risser sign grading as a possible new criterion in forensic age ...
Enthaler Bernd - - 2012
Matrix-assisted laser/desorption ionization (MALDI) mass-spectrometric imaging (MSI), also known as MALDI imaging, is a powerful technique for mapping biological molecules such as endogenous proteins and peptides in human skin tissue sections. A few groups have endeavored to apply MALDI-MSI to the field of skin research; however, a comprehensive article dealing ...
Hwang Hyun-Jun - - 2012
In this work, a flash-light sintering process for Cu nanoinks was studied. In order to precisely monitor the milliseconds flash-light sintering process, a real-time Wheatstone bridge electrical circuit and a high-rate data acquisition system were used. The effects of several flash-light irradiation conditions (irradiation energy, pulse number, on-time, and off-time) ...
Chen Bo-Ching - - 2012
Copper toxicity and accumulation in plants are affected by physicochemical characteristics of soil solutions such as the concentrations of coexistent cations (e.g., Ca(2+), Mg(2+), K(+), Na(+), and H(+)). The biotic ligand model (BLM) approach has been proposed to predict metal phyto-toxicity and -accumulation by taking into account the effects of ...
Cheng Yin-Hui - - 2012
There is increasing recognition that consumer aesthetics-the responses of consumers to the aesthetic or appearance aspects of products-has become an important area of marketing in recent years. Consumer aesthetic responses to a product are a source of pleasure for the consumer. Previous research into the aesthetic responses to products has ...
Davis Michael - - 2012
All of finance is now automated, most notably high frequency trading. This paper examines the ethical implications of this fact. As automation is an interdisciplinary endeavor, we argue that the interfaces between the respective disciplines can lead to conflicting ethical perspectives; we also argue that existing disciplinary standards do not ...
Wang Yi - - 2012
We report a case of pulmonary adenofibroma, a rare benign soft-tissue tumor characterized by a combination of glandular and spindle stromal elements, in a 55-year-old man. This case is interesting because of the unusual X-ray and computed tomography (CT) imaging findings of a well-defined, subpleural soft-tissue nodule in the inferior ...
Xuan Lei - - 2012
ABSTRACT Most evidence concerning cross-linguistic variation in noun bias, the preponderance of nouns in early expressive lexicons (Gentner, 1982), has come from comparisons of monolingual children acquiring different languages. Such designs are susceptible to a number of potential confounders, including group differences in developmental level and sociodemographic characteristics. The aim ...
Fasullo John T - - 2012
An observable constraint on climate sensitivity, based on variations in mid-tropospheric relative humidity (RH) and their impact on clouds, is proposed. We show that the tropics and subtropics are linked by teleconnections that induce seasonal RH variations that relate strongly to albedo (via clouds), and that this covariability is mimicked ...
P Giuliani P - - 2012
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a pathological condition characterized by a progressive neurodegeneration of dopaminergic neurons with the consequent reduction of dopamine content in the substantia nigra. The neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) is widely used to mimic the neuropathology of PD in both in vivo and in vitro experimental models. We found ...
Mogo S - - 2012
A field campaign was conducted from October 2009 to July 2010 at Covilhã, a small town located in the region of Beira Interior (Portugal) in the interior of the Iberian Peninsula. The ambient light-absorption coefficient, σ(a) (522 nm), obtained from a Particle Soot Absorption Photometer (PSAP), presented a daily mean ...
Sousa Saulo M - - 2012
The genus Lippia (Verbenaceae) comprise around 160 species spread out mainly in South and Central Americas with few African species, some of them with potential medicinal use. Brazil is one the most important centers of diversity with approximately 75% of the species described so far. Innumerous species are endemic and ...
Kutter Annette P N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Modern high volume-low pressure (HVLP) endotracheal tubes (ETT) cuffs can seal the trachea using baseline cuff pressures (CP) lower than peak inspiratory airway pressures (PIP). The aim of the study was to determine whether this technique reduces the damage to the tracheal mucosa compared to constant CP of 20 cmH(2) ...
Cheng Jie - - 2012
Numerous studies have demonstrated lanthanide (Ln) accumulation in the liver, and the corresponding damage; however, very little work has been done to evaluate the relationship between Ln-induced liver injury and its gene expression profile in mice. In this study, liver injury and gene-expressed profiles in male mice induced by oral ...
El Kadib Abdelkrim - - 2012
The co-condensation of functional alkoxysilanes with tetraethoxysilane in the presence of a structure directing agent under sol-gel process chemistry is a common way to access functional organosilica with an ordered mesostructure. In this report, bulky silylated fatty acid methyl esters were used both as co-templating bio-molecules and functionalizing agents in ...
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