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Results 201 - 250 of 2649
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Shu J C - - 2012
SUMMARY A review of the annual prevalence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa at a regional hospital in Taiwan revealed a significant increase in the incidence of extensive drug-resistant P. aeruginosa (XDRPA) from 2·1% in 2003 to 5·8% in 2007. The first XDRPA isolate was recovered in 2001 from the emergency ward. The ...
Eiamsa-Ard Pradinunt - - 2012
The lower plant Physcomitrella patens synthesizes several long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) by a series of desaturation and elongation reactions. In the present study, the full-length cDNAs for two novel fatty acid elongases designated PpELO1 and PpELO2 were isolated from P. patens using a PCR-based cloning strategy. These cDNAs encoding ...
Schmier Jordana K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Topical β-blockers are commonly prescribed for primary open-angle glaucoma. Existing research is limited regarding respiratory or cardiovascular events that may result from using these topical β-blockers. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate inpatient and outpatient service encounters and payments associated with the topical adjunctive use of the β-blocker timolol for glaucoma. STUDY ...
Du Peng - - 2012
Four novel metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) based on high-nuclear metal carboxylate clusters, namely, [Zn(4)(L)(2)(μ(3)-OH)(2)(H(2)O)(1.5)]·2H(2)O (), [Zn(5)Na(L)(2)(μ(3)-OH)(4)(CH(3)CH(2)O)(H(2)O)(2)] (), [Cd(4)(L)(2)(BIME)(0.5)(μ(3)-OH)(2)(H(2)O)(1.5)]·2H(2)O (), and [Zn(4)(L)(2)(BET)(0.5)(μ(3)-OH)(2)(H(2)O)] (), where H(3)L = (3,5-dicarboxyl-phenyl)-(4-(2'-carboxyl-phenyl)-benzyl)ether, BET = 1,1'-(2'-oxybis(ethane-2,1-diyl))bis(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl), BIME = 1,2-bis(imidazol-1-yl)ethane, have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. In , each planar octanuclear zinc cluster [Zn(8)(μ(3)-OH)(8)(CO(2))(12)(H(2)O)(3)] is linked by twelve L ...
Hartmann-Fritsch Fabienne - - 2012
PURPOSE: Human amniotic fluid comprises cells with high differentiation capacity, thus representing a potential cell source for skin tissue engineering. In this experimental study, we investigated the ability of human amniotic fluid derived cells to substitute dermal fibroblasts and support epidermis formation and stratification in a humanized animal model. METHODS: ...
Román V - - 2012
RATIONALE: Cariprazine (RGH-188) is a D(3)-preferring dopamine D(3)/D(2) receptor partial agonist antipsychotic candidate for the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar mania. Substance abuse is a frequent comorbidity of both disorders and is associated with serious health issues. Based on preclinical efficacy, dopamine D(2) and D(3) receptor partial agonists and antagonists ...
de Haan M C - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Computed tomography (CT) colonography cost assumptions so far ranged from <euro>346 to <euro>594 per procedure, based on clinical CT reimbursement rates. The aim of our study was to estimate the costs in a screening situation. METHODS: Data were collected within an invitational population-based CRC screening trial (n = 2,920, age 50-75 years) ...
Scheider Linda - - 2012
Domestic dogs comprehend human gestural communication flexibly, particularly the pointing gesture. Here, we examine whether dogs interpret pointing informatively, that is, as simply providing information, or rather as a command, for example, ordering them to move to a particular location. In the first study a human pointed toward an empty ...
Shi Yongli - - 2012
To improve the poor compatibility among different components of Drug-in-adhesive type patch, two novel plasters (Drug-in-fiber and Drug-in-adhesive/fiber) were developed based on ibuprofen (IBU)-loaded fiber mats. These fibrous mats were fabricated via electrospinning of cellulose acetate/poly(vinylpyrrolidone) composites in a binary solvent of N,N-dimethyl acetamide/acetone. Physical status studies suggested that Drug-in-fiber ...
Jiao Alan - - 2012
Since their discovery not long ago, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been extensively studied in hundreds of laboratories around the world. Initially thought of as merely cytoplasmic repressors of mRNA expression, it has since become more apparent that they also play regulatory roles in the nucleus. A recent study published in Nature ...
Vitorasso R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: So far there are no studies investigating whether the time spent walking in daily life by patients with COPD corresponds to an activity of at least moderate intensity according to the recommendations of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). aim: To quantify in patients with COPD the time ...
Bai Xiangzhi - - 2012
To well enhance the mineral image and image details obtained by microscopes, an effective mineral image enhancement algorithm through feature extraction using the morphological center operator is proposed in this work. First, mineral image feature extraction based on the morphological center operator is proposed and discussed. Second, the multiscale extension ...
Sun Tao - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to investigate the patient characteristics and clinical outcomes of children with pediatric brainstem glioma. Between 2004 and 2009, a total of 42 children were diagnosed with brainstem gliomas at the Neurosurgical Center of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, China. A retrospective study including the 33 patients ...
Briggs A M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Evidence points to clinicians' beliefs and practice behaviours related to low back pain (LBP), which are discordant with contemporary evidence. While interventions to align beliefs and behaviours with evidence among clinicians have demonstrated effectiveness, a more sustainable and cost-effective approach to positively developing workforce capacity in this area may ...
Stimberg Verena C - - 2012
A microfluidic platform is reported for various experimentation schemes on cell membrane models and membrane proteins using a combination of electrical and optical measurements, including confocal microscopy. Bilayer lipid membranes (BLMs) are prepared in the device upon spontaneous and instantaneous thinning of the lipid solution in a 100-μm dry-etched aperture ...
Morabito Rosa - - 2012
We report the CT and MR characteristics of a newborn with a rare, complex malformation characterised by a large rhinopharyngeal and oropharyngeal enterogenous cyst, associated with an osseous defect of the basiocciput, called canalis basilaris medianus (CBM). A partial herniation of the bulb was demonstrated through the bony defect on ...
Wittschieber Daniel - - 2012
Due to increasing international migratory movements, forensic age estimations of living individuals in criminal proceedings are gaining increasing significance for forensic physicians and radiologists involved in delivering expert opinions. The present study examines the suitability of the radiologically well-known Risser sign grading as a possible new criterion in forensic age ...
Enthaler Bernd - - 2012
Matrix-assisted laser/desorption ionization (MALDI) mass-spectrometric imaging (MSI), also known as MALDI imaging, is a powerful technique for mapping biological molecules such as endogenous proteins and peptides in human skin tissue sections. A few groups have endeavored to apply MALDI-MSI to the field of skin research; however, a comprehensive article dealing ...
Hwang Hyun-Jun - - 2012
In this work, a flash-light sintering process for Cu nanoinks was studied. In order to precisely monitor the milliseconds flash-light sintering process, a real-time Wheatstone bridge electrical circuit and a high-rate data acquisition system were used. The effects of several flash-light irradiation conditions (irradiation energy, pulse number, on-time, and off-time) ...
Chen Bo-Ching - - 2012
Copper toxicity and accumulation in plants are affected by physicochemical characteristics of soil solutions such as the concentrations of coexistent cations (e.g., Ca(2+), Mg(2+), K(+), Na(+), and H(+)). The biotic ligand model (BLM) approach has been proposed to predict metal phyto-toxicity and -accumulation by taking into account the effects of ...
Cheng Yin-Hui - - 2012
There is increasing recognition that consumer aesthetics-the responses of consumers to the aesthetic or appearance aspects of products-has become an important area of marketing in recent years. Consumer aesthetic responses to a product are a source of pleasure for the consumer. Previous research into the aesthetic responses to products has ...
Davis Michael - - 2012
All of finance is now automated, most notably high frequency trading. This paper examines the ethical implications of this fact. As automation is an interdisciplinary endeavor, we argue that the interfaces between the respective disciplines can lead to conflicting ethical perspectives; we also argue that existing disciplinary standards do not ...
Wang Yi - - 2012
We report a case of pulmonary adenofibroma, a rare benign soft-tissue tumor characterized by a combination of glandular and spindle stromal elements, in a 55-year-old man. This case is interesting because of the unusual X-ray and computed tomography (CT) imaging findings of a well-defined, subpleural soft-tissue nodule in the inferior ...
Xuan Lei - - 2012
ABSTRACT Most evidence concerning cross-linguistic variation in noun bias, the preponderance of nouns in early expressive lexicons (Gentner, 1982), has come from comparisons of monolingual children acquiring different languages. Such designs are susceptible to a number of potential confounders, including group differences in developmental level and sociodemographic characteristics. The aim ...
Bates Christopher M - - 2012
Block copolymers (BCPs) must necessarily have high interaction parameters (χ), a fundamental measure of block incompatibility, to self-assemble into sub-10-nanometer features. Unfortunately, a high χ often results from blocks that have disparate interfacial energies, which makes the formation of useful thin-film domain orientations challenging. To mitigate interfacial forces, polymers composed ...
Song Qi-Xia - - 2012
N6-methyladenine (m(6)A) is a rare base naturally occurring in DNA. It is different from the base adenine due to its N-CH(3). Therefore, the base not only pairs with thymine, but also with other DNA bases (cytosine, adenine and guanine). In this work, Møller-Plesset second-order (MP2) method has been used to ...
Ostan R R Department of Experimental Pathology, University of Bologna, Via San Giacomo, 12, 40126, Bologna, - - 2013
With aging, an increased prevalence of a clustering of metabolic abnormalities has been observed. These abnormalities include obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and insulin resistance and are collectively known as metabolic syndrome (MetS), a low-grade, systemic, inflammatory condition associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and other adverse health outcomes. ...
Malkinson Sam - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Smile esthetics have been shown to play a major role in the perception of whether a person is attractive, and whether or not they are perceived as friendly, trustworthy, intelligent, and self-confident. A proposed major determinant of the esthetics of a smile is the amount of gingival display, which ...
Ren Ang - - 2012
A hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase gene, designated as GlHMGS (GenBank accession No. JN391469) involved in ganoderic acid (GA) biosynthesis pathway was cloned from Ganoderma lucidum. The full-length cDNA of GlHMGS (GenBank accession No. JN391468) was found to contain an open reading frame of 1,413 bp encoding a polypeptide of 471 amino acid residues. ...
Chen Min - - 2012
Concentrations of 16 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were measured in 28 surface soils samples collected from Urumqi, northwest China, for examination of distributions, source contributions, and potential health effects. The results indicated that the sum of 16 PAHs concentration ranged from 331 to 15,799 μg kg(-1) (dw) in soils, with a ...
Romero-Canelón Isolda - - 2012
The pathways involved in cellular uptake and accumulation of iminopyridine complexes of general formula [Ru(η(6)-p-cymene)(N,N-dimethyl-N'-[(E)-pyridine-2-ylmethylidene]benzene-1,4-diamine)X]PF(6) bearing two different halido ligands X = Cl or I, have been explored. The ratio of passive/active cellular accumulation of Ru in A2780 human ovarian cancer cells is compared and contrasted with cisplatin. Also, saturation ...
Ståhl M K MK Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Hatanpää Hospital, Tampere, Finland. - - 2013
Prevalence of neck pain has increased among adolescents. The origins of adult chronic neck pain may lie in late childhood, but for early prevention, more information is needed about its aetiology. We investigated the relative roles of genetic and environmental factors in early adolescent neck pain with a classic twin ...
Soule Tanya - - 2012
Cyanobacteria in nature are exposed not only to the visible spectrum of sunlight but also to its harmful ultraviolet components (UVA and UVB). We used Nostoc punctiforme ATCC 29133 as a model to study the UVA response by analyzing global gene expression patterns using genomic microarrays. UVA exposure resulted in ...
Hayes Sandra C - - 2012
Exercise for Health was a randomized, controlled trial designed to evaluate two modes of delivering (face-to-face [FtF] and over-the-telephone [Tel]) an 8-month translational exercise intervention, commencing 6-weeks post-breast cancer surgery (PS). Outcomes included quality of life (QoL), function (fitness and upper body) and treatment-related side effects (fatigue, lymphoedema, body mass ...
Retz Wolfgang - - 2012
ADHD and psychopathy are both associated with poor social adaptation and antisocial behavior. Previous studies have also suggested that ADHD and psychopathy share some symptomatology. The current study attempted to further uncover the relationship between ADHD and psychopathy in perpetrators by investigating the possibility of underlying common factors of ADHD ...
Weng Lucy - - 2012
Magnesium has attracted some attention in orthopedics due to its biodegradability and mechanical properties. Since magnesium is an essential natural mineral for bone growth, it can be expected that as a biomaterial, it would support bone formation. However, upon degradation in the body, magnesium releases OH(-) which results in an ...
Dajka J - - 2012
We study superconducting and non-superconducting nanorings and look for non-classical features of magnetic flux passing through nanorings. We show that the magnetic flux can exhibit purely quantum properties in some peculiar states with quadrature squeezing. We identify a subset of Gazeau-Klauder states in which the magnetic flux can be squeezed ...
Chauvelier Sophie - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the accuracy of three formulae that estimate creatinine clearance (CL(CR)), in elderly hospitalized patients: the Cockcroft-Gault (CG) formula and the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formulae with 4 and 6 variables (MDRD4 and MDRD6). METHODS: A prospective, cross-sectional, observational study ...
Dan Shan S BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen, - - 2012
To report the performance of massively parallel sequencing (MPS) based prenatal noninvasive fetal trisomy test based on cell-free DNA sequencing from maternal plasma in a routine clinical setting in China. The MPS-based test was offered as a prenatal screening test for trisomies 21 and 18 to pregnant women in 49 ...
Sharpe Erica E Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular Science, Potsdam, NY 13699-5810, - - 2013
With increased awareness of nutrition and the advocacy for healthier food choices, there exists a great demand for a simple, easy-to-use test that can reliably measure the antioxidant capacity of dietary products. We report development and characterization of a portable nanoparticle based-assay, similar to a small sensor patch, for rapid ...
Bottari A - - 2012
AIM:he aim of this pilot, single-blinded study was to evaluate the efficacy of a proprietary, dietary supplement Lady Prelox® for supporting and improving sexual function in generally healthy, post-menopausal women. METHODS: The Lady Prelox® and placebo control groups were comparable at inclusion with regard to the total Female Sexual Function ...
Liu Chung-Pin - - 2012
The effect of angiotensin 1-7 (Ang 1-7) on cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](i)) in MDCK renal tubular cells was explored. The Ca(2+)-sensitive fluorescent dye fura-2 was applied to measure [Ca(2+)](i). Ang 1-7 at concentrations of 10-50 µM induced a [Ca(2+)](i) rise in a concentration-dependent manner. The response was reduced partly by ...
Ahmadi Hosseini Seyed Mahdi - - 2012
To evaluate corneal thickness and volume in subclinical and clinical keratoconus in Asian population with the aim of discriminating between normal and ectatic cornea. Eyes were placed into one of the following three groups: normal, subclinical, and mild-moderate keratoconus. Pentacam Scheimpflug imaging (Oculus Inc., Wetzlar, Germany) was performed for each ...
Román Falcó Iván - - 2012
A new approach for the determination of kinetic parameters of the cis-trans isomerization during the oxidation process of 24 virgin olive oils belonging to 8 different varieties is presented. The accelerated process of degradation at 100 ºC was monitored recording the Fourier Transform Infrared Spectra. The parameters obtained confirm a ...
Berth Alexander - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The stemless shoulder prosthesis is a new concept in shoulder arthroplasty. To date, only a few studies have investigated the results of this prosthesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and radiological midterm results of this implant in comparison with a standard anatomic stemmed shoulder ...
Inamdar Arati A - - 2012
Fungi are implicated in poor indoor air quality and may pose a potential risk factor for building/mold related illnesses. Fungi emit numerous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as alcohols, esters, ethers, ketones, aldehydes, terpenoids, thiols, and their derivatives. The toxicity profile of these VOCs has never been explored in a model ...
Todaka Hiroshi - - 2012
Some central nervous system neurons express receptors of gastrointestinal hormones, but their pharmacological actions are not well known. Previous anatomical and unit recording studies suggest that a group of cerebellar Purkinje cells express motilin receptors, and motilin depresses the spike discharges of vestibular nuclear neurons that receive direct cerebellar inhibition ...
Duquesnoy R J - - 2012
The concept that HLA antibodies are specific for epitopes rather than HLA antigens is important not only for the determination of mismatch acceptability for sensitized patients but also for a better understanding of the antibody response to an HLA mismatch. Numerous publications describe epitope-specific antibodies, but there is no standardized ...
García-Fernández Luis - - 2012
Inspired by the amino acid 2-chloro-4,5-dihydroxyphenylalanine (Cl-DOPA), present in the composition of the proteinaceous glue of the sandcastle worm Phragmatopoma californica, a simple strategy is presented to confer antifouling properties to polymer surfaces using (but not releasing) a bioinspired biocide. Cl-Dopamine is used to functionalize polymer materials and hydrogel films ...
Li Qing Q Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangdong, - - 2013
The ectopic expression of transcription factors for reprogramming human somatic cells to a pluripotent state represents a valuable resource for the development of in vitro-based models for human disease and has great potential in regenerative therapies. However, the majority of studies have used skin fibroblasts to generate induced pluripotent stem ...
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