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Kocaeli Hasan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The artery of Percheron (AOP) is a single thalamoperforating arterial trunk that provides bilateral supply to the paramedian thalami and the rostral midbrain. As this rare anatomical variant artery may be involved in endovascular procedures or encountered surgically during basilar terminus aneurysms, the present study was warranted. METHOD: Thirty-four ...
Feller Julian J OrthoSport Victoria, Richmond, VIC, Australia. - - 2013
Rates of return to pre-injury sport following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are less than might be expected from standard outcome measures and there appears to be a rapid decline in sporting participation after two to three years. There are many factors that influence whether an individual will return to ...
Wesselius Anke - - 2012
In the present study we investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the P2RX ( 4 ), which alter the P2X ( 4 ) R function, are associated with the development of osteoporosis and whether an interaction between the P2X ( 4 ) R and P2X ( 7 ) R ...
Sato Masaaki - - 2012
Chronic lung allograft dysfunction is a major challenge in long-term management of lung transplant recipients. Both alloimmune-dependent factors (rejection) and alloimmune-independent factors contribute to the development of chronic lung allograft dysfunction. Thus, use of the term "chronic rejection" tends to be intentionally avoided among specialists in the field, although "chronic ...
El-Sherbeni Ahmed A - - 2013
Cytochrome P450 (P450)-derived arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites serve pivotal physiological roles. Therefore, it is important to determine the dominant P450 AA monooxygenases in different organs. We investigated the P450 AA monooxygenases protein expression as well as regioselectivity, immunoinhibition, and kinetic profile of AA epoxygenation and hydroxylation in rat heart, lung, ...
Itoh Soichiro - - 2012
This study was performed to investigate the effects of the co-administration of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) on the efficacy of bisphosphonate (BP) treatment for osteoporosis. A total of 180 women with low bone mineral density were randomly divided into four groups, one in which sodium risedronate was administered with sodium ...
Hillary F G - - 2012
The current study uses effective connectivity modeling to examine how individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) learn a new task. We make use of recent advancements in connectivity modeling (extended unified structural equation modeling, euSEM) and a novel iterative grouping procedure (Group Iterative Multiple Model Estimation, GIMME) in order to ...
Lee Woan-Ruoh - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate skin permeation enhancement mediated by fractional laser for different permeants, including hydroquinone, imiquimod, fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled dextran (FD), and quantum dots. METHODS: Skin received a single irradiation of a fractional CO(2) laser, using fluence of 2 or 4 mJ with densities of 100 ∼ 400 spots/cm(2). In vitro and in ...
Rades D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To create a validated scoring system predicting survival of breast cancer patients with metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of 510 patients, one half were assigned to either the test or the validation group. In the test group, eight pretreatment factors (age, performance status, number of involved ...
da Rosa João Carlos Fraga - - 2013
The gas station attendants are exposed daily to chemical agents that compose gasoline, such as BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene), and the exposure to these agents can cause a variety of effects on the human health. Among the various possible cell alterations associated with these exposures are the formation ...
Gessi Marco - - 2012
Primary Hodgkin's lymphomas of the central nervous system (CNS) as well as cerebral involvement as the first manifestation of a systemic Hodgkin's disease are very rare. CNS involvement usually occurs in patients with advanced or relapsing systemic disease. Because primary CNS Hodgkin's lymphoma may present unexpected and sometimes misleading clinical ...
Dubinska-Magiera Magda - - 2012
The aim of this review article is to evaluate the current knowledge on associations between muscle formation and regeneration and components of the nuclear lamina. Lamins and their partners have become particularly intriguing objects of scientific interest since it has been observed that mutations in genes coding for these proteins ...
Sakai Fumikazu - - 2012
Drug-induced lung injury (DLI) comprises a wide variety of pathologies, each with a unique imaging pattern, so there are no characteristic imaging findings to establish diagnosis. When DLI is suspected, evaluation must exclude progression of underlying disease, infection, and mimicking diseases. Correct diagnosis requires integration of clinical information and radiologic, ...
Arteaga-González Iván J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Postoperative staple line leaks and bleeding are the most common reasons for complications in surgical procedures that involve organ resection, such as sleeve gastrectomy. Increasing the safety of these operations requires improving the instruments (endostaplers or endocutters) used for stapling and sectioning the tissues. METHODS: We present a new ...
Christensen Niels Peter Aae - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the heating-induced dehydration and melting behavior of the trihydrate phase of the calcium salt of atorvastatin. METHODS: Multivariate curve resolution (MCR) was used to decompose a variable-temperature synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction (VT-XRPD) data matrix into diffraction patterns and concentration profiles of pure drug phases. RESULTS: By means ...
Perez Ruixo Juan Jose - - 2013
While therapeutic proteins (TP), particularly recombinant human proteins and fully human monoclonal antibodies, are designed to have a low immunogenic potential in humans, a clinical immune response does sometimes occur and cannot be predicted from preclinical studies. Changes in TP pharmacokinetics may be perceived as an early indication of antibody ...
Weber Benjamin - - 2013
The pharmacokinetic (PK) behavior of inhaled drugs is more complicated than that of other forms of administration. In particular, the effects of certain physiological (mucociliary clearance and differences in membrane properties in central and peripheral (C/P) areas of the lung), formulation (as it relates to drug deposition and particle dissolution ...
Lim Hyeong-Seok - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the potential usage of D(2) receptor occupancy (D2RO) measured by positron emission tomography (PET) in antipsychotic development. METHODS: In this randomized, parallel group study, eight healthy male volunteers received oral doses of 0.5 (n = 3), 1 (n = 2), or 3 mg (n = 3) of haloperidol once daily for 7 days. PET's were ...
Shetty Ritu A RA Department of Pharmacology and Neuroscience and Institute for Aging and Alzheimer's Disease Research, University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth, 3500 Camp Bowie, Fort Worth, TX, 76107, USA, - - 2013
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ) is widely available as a dietary supplement and remains under consideration as a treatment for age-associated neurodegenerative conditions. However, no studies have determined if supplementation, initiated relatively late in life, could have beneficial effects on mild functional impairments associated with normal brain aging. Accordingly, the current study ...
Al-Khashman Omar Ali - - 2012
Wet atmospheric samples were collected from different locations in the southern region of Jordan during a 5-year period (October 2006 to May 2011). All samples were analyzed for pH, EC, major ions (Ca(2+), Mg(2+), Na(+), K(+), HCO(3) (-), Cl(-), NO(3) (-), and SO(4) (2-)), and trace metals (Fe(2+), Al(3+),Cu(2+), Pb(2+), ...
Jafari Najmeh - - 2012
PURPOSE: Psychological distress and morbidity are common consequences of diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer and associated with poor quality of life (QOL). Spiritual well-being is an important aspect of QOL, but little is known about the spiritual well-being and its relationship with QOL in patients of different cultures such ...
Heimbach Tycho - - 2013
Practical food effect predictions and assessments were described using in silico, in vitro, and/or in vivo preclinical data to anticipate food effects and Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS)/Biopharmaceutics Drug Disposition Classification System (BDDCS) class across drug development stages depending on available data: (1) limited in silico and in vitro data in ...
Dave Richa - - 2012
Thiol metabolism is the primary detoxification strategy by which rice plants tolerate arsenic (As) stress. In light of this, it is important to understand the importance of harmonised thiol metabolism with As accumulation and tolerance in rice plant. For this aim, tolerant (T) and sensitive (S) genotypes were screened from ...
McColl Helen - - 2012
Little is known about the nutritional status of pregnant women with severe mental illness. We therefore carried out a systematic review to investigate whether pregnant women and childbearing aged women with severe mental illness have significantly greater nutritional deficiencies compared with pregnant women and childbearing aged women with no mental ...
Liehr U-B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Local ablation techniques are a major focus of current developments in oncology. The primary aim is to retain organs and preserve organ functions without compromising the oncological outcome. METHOD: Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a novel ablation technique that involves the application of high-voltage pulses to induce cell apoptosis without ...
Ellis P E - - 2012
Introduction This paper explores the impact of recruiting patients to a randomised controlled trial (RCT) at recruiting centres. This large multicentre RCT examining the efficacy of chewing gum compared to ibuprofen in the relief of orthodontic pain was carried out across nine recruiting centres.Method The work diaries of clinicians and ...
Daily Johanna P - - 2012
Plasmodium falciparum infection, malaria, continues to cause more than 1 million childhood deaths each year.(1) In addition, millions of nonlethal infections affect communities on an economic basis and inhibit children from reaching their full developmental potential.(2) The creation of an effective vaccine has been a long-sought, elusive goal. The first ...
Gao Y - - 2012
In order to improve the surface bioactivity of titanium implants, CaCO(3) and CaHPO(4)·2H(2)O powder was used to fabricate a calcium phosphate (CaP) coating using laser rapid forming (LRF) technology. The surface characterization showed that a porous and beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) layer with small amount of alpha-TCP was formed on commercial ...
Wang Jiajia - - 2012
RNAi, a crucial pathway in animals to defend against virus infection, is mediated directly by RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) in an ATP-dependent manner. The RISC comprises one strand of short interfering RNA (siRNA) and multiprotein including Argonaute protein, which can cleave target RNAs. However, the proteins interacted with siRNA are ...
Fischmann Arne - - 2012
The purpose of this ethics approved trial was to correlate quantitative MRI with functional abilities in both ambulant and non-ambulant Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Twenty patients with genetically confirmed DMD were recruited. Physical assessment was performed using the motor function measurement (MFM) scale. Axial 3T MRI scans of the thighs ...
Kushnareva Y E YE Apoptosis & Cell Death Program, Sanford Burnham Institute for Medical Research, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2013
Optic atrophy 1 (OPA1) mutations cause dominant optic atrophy (DOA) with retinal ganglion cell (RGC) and optic nerve degeneration. The mechanism for the selective degeneration of RGCs in DOA remains elusive. To address the mechanism, we reduced OPA1 protein expression in cell lines and RGCs by RNA interference. OPA1 loss ...
Kassem Mustafa S - - 2012
Stress, unaccompanied by signs of post-traumatic stress disorder, is known to decrease grey matter volume (GMV) in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and hippocampus but not the amygdala in humans. We sought to determine if this was the case in stressed mice using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to ...
Roozeboom Marieke H - - 2012
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (cSCC) can recur locally and can metastasize. The objective of this study was to identify clinical and histopathological prognostic factors for local recurrence and metastasis in cSCCs at any body site. Clinical and histopathological data were collected from 224 patients with cSCC. During the median follow-up ...
Ballester M - - 2012
Suppressive subtractive hybridization libraries from oviduct at 62 h post-mating of two lines of rabbits divergently selected for uterine capacity were generated to identify differentially expressed genes. A total of 438 singletons and 126 contigs were obtained by cluster assembly and sequence alignment of 704 expressed sequence tags (ESTs), of which ...
Lin Hui-Ju HJ Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, - - 2013
To identify genetic variants that predispose to type 2 diabetes (T2D) with cataract. Genome-wide association study (GWAS) of T2D patients with cataract, as graded by Lens Opacities Classification System (LOCS). A total of 109 T2D patients with cataract score equal to or above 10 designated as the study group, 649 ...
Mochizuki Takeshi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors have been available in recent years for treating early and established rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Twice-weekly administration of 25 mg etanercept (ETN) has demonstrated efficacy and safety. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of once-weekly administration of 50 mg ETN (ETN50), and to compare ...
Sakamoto Keizo K Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Showa University School of Medicine, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8666, Japan. - - 2013
Maintaining or improving motor (balance) ability is essential to extending the healthy lifespan of elderly people, and developing effective and efficient strategies to prevent falls of elderly people is an urgent. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of balance exercise on fall and fracture prevention for ...
Chang Sung-A - - 2012
The clinical utility of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is growing and is being used predominantly as a means of measuring ventricular function. The normal reference range of ventricular function may vary based on age, sex and ethnicity. At present, most CMR reference values for healthy individuals have been reported ...
Sonoki Kazuo - - 2012
Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is secreted from the small intestine to the blood in response to glucose intake during a meal; however, it is not known whether mastication affects GLP-1 secretion. Here, we examined the relationship between mastication and GLP-1 secretion, along with postprandial blood glucose and insulin concentrations. We ...
Wedlock Louise E - - 2012
Fluorescence and X-ray absorption spectroscopy were used to investigate the anion binding properties of a luminescent, dinuclear Au(i) N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) complex ([](2+)) with a short Au(i)Au(i) contact. The addition of Br(-) ions to a DMSO solution of [](PF(6))(2) caused a red-shift in the fluorescence emission band from 396 nm ...
Subaşı Meryem Gülce - - 2012
This study aimed to evaluate the surface changes caused in zirconia by different surface treatments and the influence of the surface treatment and cement selection on bonding to zirconia under aging. Sintered zirconia specimens were divided into five groups (n = 31) based on the surface treatment, namely, control, air abrasion, silica ...
Xia Zhangquan - - 2012
The combined radiation-wound injury is a refractory wound with decreased number or dysfunction of repairing cells and growth factors. This remains a challenge in clinical practice. The object of this study is to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of a combination of human vascular endothelial growth factor 165 (hVEGF(165) ) and ...
Khan Shabana - - 2012
The use of FLPs offers a new and versatile strategy to activate small molecules such as H(2), CO(2), acetylenes, disulfides, olefins, and nitrogen oxides. This chapter describes the recent advances reported on the design and reactivity of new frustrated systems constituted by at least one carbon-based partner.
Tsai Jenny P - - 2012
While mostly diagnosed in the pediatric population, neurological complications of pandemic influenza A infection may affect young and previously healthy adults, and may follow a fulminant, severe, and occasionally fatal course. We reviewed severe neurological complications secondary to influenza infection reported in the literature, in attempt to outline recurrent syndromes ...
Raybaud P - - 2012
We show how density functional theory (DFT) calculations rationalize the origin of high H/Pt ratio and the electronic properties of γ-alumina supported Pt nanoparticles as observed in Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 11766-11779.
Karasugi Tatsuki - - 2012
Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine (OPLL) is a common musculoskeletal disease among people after middle age. The OPLL presents with serious neurological abnormalities due to compression of the spinal cord and nerve roots. The OPLL is caused by genetic and environment factors; however, its etiology and ...
Al-Alao B S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Few patients diagnosed with lung cancer are still alive 5 years after diagnosis. The aim of the current study was to conduct a 10-year review of a consecutive series of patients undergoing curative-intent surgical resection at the largest tertiary referral centre to identify prognostic factors. METHODS: Case records of all ...
Kataoka Kozo - - 2012
PURPOSES: The benefit of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy for liver-limited metastatic colorectal cancer is still controversial. This study defined the resectability regardless of the size and number of liver metastases, and attempted curative hepatic resection in all cases. METHODS: Sixty-four patients that tolerated chemotherapy were diagnosed with CLM (colorectal liver metastases) without ...
Lee Jeongyeo - - 2012
Calcium is an essential plant macronutrient that has unique structural and signaling roles related to tip-burn disorder in Brassica spp. crops. For two types of cabbage inbred lines, tip-burn susceptible and resistant, we measured and compared major macronutrient cations, including Ca(2+), in leaves. In both lines, Ca(2+), Mg(2+), Na(+), and ...
Lajara Rosemarie - - 2012
Most patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are prescribed multiple medications - typically more than one for glycemic control alone, and others for the management of lipids and hypertension. Within a few years following diagnosis, many patients progress beyond an initial starting regimen of metformin and/or sulfonylurea in order ...
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