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Jiang Yuhong V - - 2012
The time course of attention is a major characteristic on which different types of attention diverge. In addition to explicit goals and salient stimuli, spatial attention is influenced by past experience. In contextual cueing, behaviorally relevant stimuli are more quickly found when they appear in a spatial context that has ...
Ioannidis Alexis - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study tested the potential hampering effects of acidic sulfur compounds (ASC) containing hydroxybenzene sulfonic acid, hydroxymethoxybenzene sulfonic acid, and sulfuric acid, prior to self-etch and etch-and-rinse bonding procedures on enamel and dentin. According to the manufacturer, ASC should be applied after cavity preparation and prior to application of ...
Ajiki Hiroshi - - 2012
Exciton states and related optical properties of a single-walled carbon nanotube are reviewed, primarily from a theoretical viewpoint. The energies and wavefunctions of excitons are discussed using a screened Hartree-Fock approximation with an effective-mass or k ⋅p approximation. The close relationship between a long-range electron-hole exchange interaction and a depolarization ...
de Jong Antina - - 2013
The increasing number of prenatal diagnostic tests in prenatal screening strategies, raises the question what tests to offer and why. This qualitative study investigated the views and preferences of professionals and potential users regarding four diagnostic test options for women at increased risk for common aneuploidies. Seven focus group sessions ...
Eom Chun-Sick - - 2012
The goal of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to examine the association between the use of antidepressants (AD) and the risk of breast cancer. We searched the EMBASE and MEDLINE databases from inception through February 25, 2012, using search terms related to ADs and breast cancer. Two evaluators ...
Noguchi Keita - - 2012
During establishment of primary cell culture from the kidney of a dead Pacific white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens), a cytopathic effect was observed. Polymerase chain reaction with a set of herpesvirus consensus primers yielded a fragment of the expected size. Nucleotide sequencing of the product indicated that the isolated virus was ...
Lu Feng - - 2012
The electronic structure of the newly discovered superconductor KNi(2)Se(2) is studied by first-principles calculations. Our results show that its ground state is a quasi-two-dimensional metal and the Fermi surface is contributed by the Ni 3d and Se 4p states. These states determine the significant physical properties of the heavy-fermion superconductor ...
Bottari A - - 2012
AIM:he aim of this pilot, single-blinded study was to evaluate the efficacy of a proprietary, dietary supplement Lady Prelox® for supporting and improving sexual function in generally healthy, post-menopausal women. METHODS: The Lady Prelox® and placebo control groups were comparable at inclusion with regard to the total Female Sexual Function ...
Liu Chung-Pin - - 2012
The effect of angiotensin 1-7 (Ang 1-7) on cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](i)) in MDCK renal tubular cells was explored. The Ca(2+)-sensitive fluorescent dye fura-2 was applied to measure [Ca(2+)](i). Ang 1-7 at concentrations of 10-50 µM induced a [Ca(2+)](i) rise in a concentration-dependent manner. The response was reduced partly by ...
Ahmadi Hosseini Seyed Mahdi - - 2012
To evaluate corneal thickness and volume in subclinical and clinical keratoconus in Asian population with the aim of discriminating between normal and ectatic cornea. Eyes were placed into one of the following three groups: normal, subclinical, and mild-moderate keratoconus. Pentacam Scheimpflug imaging (Oculus Inc., Wetzlar, Germany) was performed for each ...
Román Falcó Iván - - 2012
A new approach for the determination of kinetic parameters of the cis-trans isomerization during the oxidation process of 24 virgin olive oils belonging to 8 different varieties is presented. The accelerated process of degradation at 100 ºC was monitored recording the Fourier Transform Infrared Spectra. The parameters obtained confirm a ...
Berth Alexander - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The stemless shoulder prosthesis is a new concept in shoulder arthroplasty. To date, only a few studies have investigated the results of this prosthesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and radiological midterm results of this implant in comparison with a standard anatomic stemmed shoulder ...
Inamdar Arati A - - 2012
Fungi are implicated in poor indoor air quality and may pose a potential risk factor for building/mold related illnesses. Fungi emit numerous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as alcohols, esters, ethers, ketones, aldehydes, terpenoids, thiols, and their derivatives. The toxicity profile of these VOCs has never been explored in a model ...
Todaka Hiroshi - - 2012
Some central nervous system neurons express receptors of gastrointestinal hormones, but their pharmacological actions are not well known. Previous anatomical and unit recording studies suggest that a group of cerebellar Purkinje cells express motilin receptors, and motilin depresses the spike discharges of vestibular nuclear neurons that receive direct cerebellar inhibition ...
Duquesnoy R J - - 2012
The concept that HLA antibodies are specific for epitopes rather than HLA antigens is important not only for the determination of mismatch acceptability for sensitized patients but also for a better understanding of the antibody response to an HLA mismatch. Numerous publications describe epitope-specific antibodies, but there is no standardized ...
García-Fernández Luis - - 2012
Inspired by the amino acid 2-chloro-4,5-dihydroxyphenylalanine (Cl-DOPA), present in the composition of the proteinaceous glue of the sandcastle worm Phragmatopoma californica, a simple strategy is presented to confer antifouling properties to polymer surfaces using (but not releasing) a bioinspired biocide. Cl-Dopamine is used to functionalize polymer materials and hydrogel films ...
McDermott Ryan - - 2012
Metastatic brain tumors provide a formidable obstacle in the survival of affected cancer patients, an obstacle that current treatment is essentially ineffective against. Our understanding of the metastatic cascade has demonstrated the role of incorrectly regulated protein expression and proved it to be a crucial component of this process. Recently, ...
Belcaro G - - 2012
AIM:The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of the sclerosing agent Atossisclerol in the treatment of benign, ecolucent, thyroid cysts. METHODS: Two groups of cysts, one between 1 and 3 cm and a group smaller than 0.99 mm in maximum diameter (range 0.6-0.99) were considered in ...
Rawlings Colin - - 2012
The measurement of cantilever parameters is an essential part of performing a calibrated measurement with an atomic force microscope (AFM). The thermal motion method is a widely used technique for calibrating the spring constant of an AFM cantilever, which can be applied to non-rectangular cantilevers. Given the trend towards high ...
Yeo Woon-Hong - - 2012
Electric field-induced concentration has the potential for application in highly sensitive detection of nanoparticles (NPs) for disease diagnosis and drug discovery. Conventional two-dimensional planar electrodes, however, have shown limited sensitivity in NP concentration. In this paper, the dielectrophoretic (DEP) concentration of low-abundance NPs is studied using a nanostructured tip where ...
Simpson Charlotte - - 2012
Escherichia coli, including enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC), represents the most common cause of diarrhoea worldwide and is therefore a serious public health burden. Treatment for gastrointestinal pathogens is hindered by the emergence of multiple antibiotic resistance, leading to the requirement for the development of new therapies. A variety of mechanisms ...
Griffiths T R L - - 2012
More than 350,000 new cases of bladder cancer are diagnosed worldwide each year; the vast majority (> 90%) of these are transitional cell carcinomas (TCC). The most important risk factors for the development of bladder cancer are smoking and occupational exposure to toxic chemicals. Painless visible haematuria is the most common ...
Shahbazi Mohammad-Ali - - 2012
Today, developing an optimized nanoparticle (NP) preparation procedure is of paramount importance in all nanoparticulate drug delivery researches, leading to expanding more operative and clinically validated nanomedicines. In this study, a one-at-a-time experimental approach was used for evaluating the effect of various preparation factors on size, loading, and drug release ...
Kikuchi Azusa - - 2012
The excited states of UV absorber, ethylhexyl methoxycrylene (EHMCR) have been studied through measurements of UV absorption, fluorescence, phosphorescence and electron paramagnetic resonance spectra in ethanol. The energy levels of the lowest excited singlet (S(1) ) and triplet (T(1) ) states of EHMCR were determined. The energy levels of the ...
Origuchi Tomoki - - 2012
IgG4-related disease is an emerging disease entity characterized by elevated serum IgG4 concentration and tumefaction or tissue infiltration by IgG4-positive plasma cells. In IgG4-related disease, tumor-like lesions develop in multiple organs, such as the lacrimal gland, salivary gland, lung, pancreas, kidney, and lymph nodes. We report here three cases of ...
Finet A - - 2012
Tocilizumab is an anti-interleukin (IL)-6 receptor monoclonal antibody, used since 2010 for the treatment of severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is known to induce infection, similarly to other biotherapies which modulate immune response and cytokines. Few cases of malignancy, however, have as yet been reported. We describe here the case ...
Luckgei Nina - - 2012
The complement 4 binding protein (C4bp) plays a crucial role in the inhibition of the complement cascade. It has an extraordinary seven-arm octopus-like structure with 7 tentacle-like identical chains, held together at their C-terminal end. The C-terminal domain does oligomerize in isolation, and is necessary and sufficient to oligomerize full-length ...
Kandzierski Grzegorz - - 2012
The main objective of the study was to present the influence of the morphological shape of the proximal femoral growth plate in children as one of the risk factors for the incidence of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) in adolescents. This research is based on the X-ray, computed tomography (CT) ...
Filbert Helene - - 2013
Robust and sensitive ELISPOT protocols are commonly applied concomitant with the development of new immunotherapeutics. Despite the knowledge that individual serum batches differ in their composition and may change properties over time, serum is still commonly used in immunologic assays. Commercially available serum batches are expensive, limited in quantity and ...
Bolt Hermann M - - 2013
The toxicology and epidemiology of formaldehyde were discussed on the 2nd International Formaldehyde Science Conference in Madrid, 19-20 April 2012. It was noted that a substantial amount of new scientific data has appeared within the last years since the 1st conference in 2007. Progress has been made in characterisation of ...
Rink Jochen C - - 2013
Planarians are members of the Platyhelminthes (flatworms). These animals have evolved a remarkable stem cell system. A single pluripotent adult stem cell type ("neoblast") gives rise to the entire range of cell types and organs in the planarian body plan, including a brain, digestive-, excretory-, sensory- and reproductive systems. Neoblasts ...
Eichholzer Monika - - 2013
The aim of this study is to evaluate racial variation in umbilical cord blood concentration of vitamin D and to explore its correlation with markers of the insulin-like growth factor axis (IGFs) and sex steroid hormones in white and black male neonates. In 2004-2005, venous umbilical cord blood samples were ...
Inoue Takashi A - - 2012
Many butterflies acquire nutrients from non-nectar sources such as puddles. To better understand how male Papilio butterflies identify suitable sites for puddling, we used behavioral and electrophysiological methods to examine the responses of Japanese Papilio butterflies to Na(+), K(+), Ca(2+), and Mg(2+). Based on behavioral analyses, these butterflies preferred a ...
Zhou Xin X - - 2012
Fluorescent proteins (FPs) are widely used as optical sensors, whereas other light-absorbing domains have been used for optical control of protein localization or activity. Here, we describe light-dependent dissociation and association in a mutant of the photochromic FP Dronpa, and we used it to control protein activities with light. We ...
Rafelski Susanne M - - 2012
Mitochondria must grow with the growing cell to ensure proper cellular physiology and inheritance upon division. We measured the physical size of mitochondrial networks in budding yeast and found that mitochondrial network size increased with increasing cell size and that this scaling relation occurred primarily in the bud. The mitochondria-to-cell ...
Byers John - - 2012
Sexual selection is driven by competition for mates, and the advantage of a competitor is determined by the number of offspring it produces. Early experiments by Angus Bateman characterized this interaction, and the quantitative relationship between a male's number of mates and number of offspring is known as the Bateman ...
Passer B J - - 2013
Oncolytic herpes simplex virus (oHSV)-1-based vectors selectively replicate in tumor cells causing direct killing, that is, oncolysis, while sparing normal cells. The oHSVs are promising anticancer agents, but their efficacy, when used as single agents, leaves room for improvement. We hypothesized that combining the direct oncolytic and antiangiogenic activities of ...
Lajara Rosemarie - - 2012
Most patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are prescribed multiple medications - typically more than one for glycemic control alone, and others for the management of lipids and hypertension. Within a few years following diagnosis, many patients progress beyond an initial starting regimen of metformin and/or sulfonylurea in order ...
Ali Shamsa - - 2013
Saxagliptin (see drug summary box) is a glucose-lowering agent that belongs to the class of Dipeptidylpeptidase-4 (DDP-4) inhibitors used in the treatment of T2DM. Clinical efficacy of saxagliptin as single agent as well as in combination with other medications used for the treatment of T2DM has been well established in ...
van de Ven Wendy J M - - 2013
To estimate the required spatial alignment accuracy for correctly grading 95 % of peripheral zone (PZ) prostate cancers using a system for multiparametric magnetic resonance (MR)-guided ultrasound (US) biopsies. PZ prostate tumours were retrospectively annotated on multiparametric MR series using prostatectomy specimens as reference standard. Tumours were grouped based on ...
Zhou Bin - - 2012
Wt1-Cre-based tools are important reagents for studying epicardial cell fate and gene function. To better describe the properties of Wt1-Cre-based tools to enhance their use in Cre-loxP-based experiments. In contrast to recently reported results, we show that constitutive Wt1(GFPCre) in combination with certain Cre-activated reporters can be used to trace ...
Dixson Danielle L - - 2012
Corals in the genus Acropora generate much of the structural complexity upon which coral reefs depend, but they are susceptible to damage from toxic seaweeds. Acropora nasuta minimizes this damage by chemically cuing symbiotic goby fishes (Gobiodon histrio or Paragobiodon echinocephalus) to remove the toxic seaweed Chlorodesmis fastigiata. Within minutes ...
Breer Stefan S Department of Osteology and Biomechanics, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Lottestraße 59, 22529, Hamburg, - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate specific risk factors, common fracture locations and possible sex-specific differences in elderly patients with stress fractures. This analysis enrolled 105 patients (83 women, 22 men) with stress fractures. For the analysis of possible risk factors related to increasing age, data from 82 ...
Bakker Berdine B Department of Surgery-Traumatology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Room H822-k, P.O. Box 2040, 3000, CA, Rotterdam, The - - 2012
Although the predictive value of Böhler's angle on outcome remains subject of debate, the initial angle at the time of trauma still guides treatment. Changes in Böhler's angle during follow-up are frequently reported following surgical treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACF). The aim of the present study was to ...
Maitra Raj D RD Department of Computer Engineering, Baskin School of Engineering, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, - - 2012
The prospect of nanopores as a next-generation sequencing platform has been a topic of growing interest and considerable government-sponsored research for more than a decade. Oxford Nanopore Technologies recently announced the first commercial nanopore sequencing devices, to be made available by the end of 2012, while other companies (Life, Roche, ...
Di Lorenzo Cherubino C Department of Neurology, Sapienza-University of Rome, Polo Pontino, Rome, - - 2013
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) affects cortical excitability according to the frequency of stimulation. Few data are available on the influence of rTMS applied over the primary motor cortex (M1) on motor performances in healthy volunteers. The aim of this study was to determine, through kinematic analysis, whether rTMS over ...
Moreau David D Psychology Department, Princeton University, Green Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA. - - 2013
Does mental rotation depend on the readiness to act? Recent evidence indicates that the involvement of motor processes in mental rotation is experience-dependent, suggesting that different levels of expertise in sensorimotor interactions lead to different strategies to solve mental rotation problems. Specifically, experts in motor activities perceive spatial material as ...
Philip Benjamin A BA Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, 206 Melvin H. Marx Building, 1416 Carrie Francke Dr, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. - - 2013
Previous findings show an advantage in response speed when stimulus and response correspond spatially (i.e., the Simon effect). Chronic unilateral amputees show altered spatial perception near their affected hand, providing an opportunity to investigate whether experience also affects the visuomotor stimulus-response (S-R) mapping that underlies the Simon effect. We used ...
Fukumitsu Satoshi S Central Laboratory, Nippon Flour Mills Co., Ltd., Midorigaoka, Atsugi, Kanagawa, - - 2013
α-Linolenic acid (ALA), a major fatty acid in flaxseed oil, has multiple functionalities such as anti-cardiovascular and anti-hypertensive activities. In this study, we investigated the effects of ALA on lipid metabolism and studied the possible mechanisms of its action in differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes using DNA microarray analysis. From a total ...
Symeonidis D D Department of General Surgery, University Hospital of Larissa, Aulidos 7, 41335, Larissa, Greece. - - 2013
Our group evaluated on a pilot basis open inguinal hernia repair with the use of a fully absorbable mesh aiming to take mesh inguinal hernia repair one step forward. The purpose of the present study was to assess the long-term results of the proposed technique. Patients that were included in ...
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