Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2097
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Thomale Ulrich-W - - 2012
OBJECT: Overdrainage is a chronic complication in shunted pediatric patients with hydrocephalus. The use of adjustability of differential pressure (DP) valves in combination with antisiphoning devices may help to overcome this sequela and may diminish the rate of possible shunt failures. The purpose of this retrospective study is to report ...
Johnstone Lk - - 2012
Abstract AIM: To investigate the effects of lolitrem B intoxication on renal K(+) secretion in response to increased tubular flow rates. METHODS: Results are derived from a repeated measure pilot study of seven horses fed non-perennial ryegrass feed for a week prior to exposing them to perennial ryegrass seed and ...
Fukuda Shin - - 2012
Aseptic abscess (AA) is characterized by accumulation of neutrophils without evidence of infection, no response to antibiotics, and rapid response to corticosteroids. We report a case of multiple abscesses in the subcutaneous tissues and joints, and severe mitral valve regurgitation. Although AA did not respond to antibiotic therapy, it improved ...
Kwon Soon Hyo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) is a sensitive biomarker for proximal tubular injury. Recently, a few studies have shown that urinary KIM-1 has clinical implications in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). We performed this study to determine whether tissue KIM-1 has clinical implications for predicting long-term outcome and whether urinary KIM-1 is ...
Zhang Jun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The serum IgA/C3 ratio has been shown to be a good predictor of histological lesions and prognosis for patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) in Japanese. But its validity in Chinese population is unclear. We sought to explore the long-term outcomes of IgAN, its clinical and histopathological predictors in Chinese ...
Dy Grace K - - 2012
Introduction As angiogenic pathways have become important targets for inhibition of tumor growth, we examined the concept of dual pathway blockade by small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors targeting vascular endothelial and epidermal growth factor receptors. Methods Escalating doses of pazopanib (400-800 mg once daily [QD]) plus erlotinib (100-150 mg QD) doses were evaluated ...
Zhen Yanzhong - - 2012
A C-type polyoxomolybdate containing a mixed-transition metal cluster Fe(5)Co has been prepared as an ammonium salt, (NH(4))(15)[Fe(5)CoMo(22)As(2)O(85)(H(2)O)]·15H(2)O (). Interestingly, the magnetism measurements show that the compound exhibits not only an overall ferromagnetic cluster with a large spin ground state of S = 11 but also the behavior of single-molecule magnets.
Chalvatzi K - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Schistocytes are major signs of micro- and macroangiopathic haemolytic anaemia. The aim was to evaluate automated fragmented red cell (FRC) count compared to visual microscopy, and to assess FRCs in the presence of microcytosis and hypochromia using Sysmex automated counters. METHODS: Schistocytes were determined with visual microscopy after the ...
Karagozoglu Serife - - 2012
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To reveal the effects of music therapy and visual imagery on chemotherapy-induced anxiety and nausea-vomiting. BACKGROUND: Behavioural techniques such as music therapy and visual imagery are becoming increasingly important in dealing with chemotherapy-induced anxiety, nausea and vomiting. DESIGN: The study is an experimental and cross-sectional one and ...
Bai Shijie - - 2012
Mangroves are unique and highly productive ecosystems and harbor very special microbial communities. Although the phylogenetic diversity of sediment microbial communities of mangrove habitats has been examined extensively, little is known regarding their functional gene diversity and metabolic potential. In this study, a high-throughput functional gene array (GeoChip 4.0) was ...
Mercier F J - - 2012
Purpose of review: To review maternal hypotension during caesarean delivery with spinal anaesthesia. Obstetric complications, such as obstetric haemorrhage and problems related to concomitant maternal diseases are not considered. Findings: Reports of hypotension during spinal anaesthesia for elective caesarean delivery are frequent (70- 80%) when pharmacological prophylaxis is not used. ...
Tseng H W - - 2012
Background  Recent researches show that psoriasis is frequently associated with systemic co-morbidities. Objectives  This study aimed to identify possible associated co-morbidities in psoriatic patients stratified by age and sex. Methods  In this retrospective hospital-based case-control study, patients diagnosed as psoriasis at the Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital in Taiwan between January ...
Zimmerman Jennifer L - - 2012
Prevalence of the non-native swim bladder nematode Anguillicoloides crassus has recently increased in American eels from estuaries of the North American Atlantic coast, but little is known about parasite prevalence or conditions of previous infection in upstream migrant eels within upper watersheds. This study is the first to confirm presence ...
Thomas Samantha L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate how gamblers interact with, and respond to, downstream social marketing campaigns that focus on the risks and harms of problem gambling and/or encourage help seeking. METHODS: Qualitative study of 100 gamblers with a range of gambling behaviours (from non-problem to problem gambling). We used a Social Constructivist ...
Saez Vivian - - 2012
PURPOSE: The extraction of proteins from PLGA/PLA microspheres by a two-immiscible liquid phases system with the addition of surfactants was investigated. METHODS: First, the extraction without surfactants and the interaction between proteins (IFN-α2b and EGF) and empty microspheres (PLGA or PLA) was studied. Next, proteins stability in presence of different ...
Qu Jiao - - 2012
Hyperaccumulators contain tubular cellulose and heavy metals, which can be used as the sources of carbon and metals to synthesize nanomaterials. In this paper, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), Cu(0.05)Zn(0.95)O nanoparticles, and CNTs/Cu(0.05)Zn(0.95)O nanocomposites were synthesized using Brassica juncea L. plants, and the ultraviolet (UV)-light-driven photocatalytic degradations of bisphenol A (BPA) using ...
Baral Nabin - - 2012
Conservation Area Management Committees (CAMCs)-the functional decision-making units consisting entirely of local villagers-are grassroots organizations legally established to manage the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) in Nepal. These committees suffered due to the decade-long Maoist insurgency, but they survived. The paper attempts to test what factors contributed to their resiliency. For ...
Su Y-P - - 2012
HLA-A*33:61 has two nucleotides change from A*33:03:01 at positions 559 and 560 in exon 3 where A→C and C→G (codon 163 ACG→CGG).
Zhao Xiaoli - - 2012
Genome instability is a hallmark of cancer. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with high levels of chromosomal aberrations. The purpose of this study was to characterize chromosomal aberrations in Chinese DLBCL patients and to compare chromosomal abnormalities between germinal centre B-cell-like (GCB) ...
Liu Liming - - 2012
PURPOSE: P. pastoris has previously been genetically engineered to generate strains that are capable of producing mammalian-like glycoforms. Our objective was to investigate the correlation between sialic acid content and pharmacokinetic properties of recombinant TNFR2:Fc fusion proteins generated in glycoengineered P. pastoris strains. METHODS: TNFR2:Fc fusion proteins were generated with ...
Willems E - - 2012
Routine detection of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) production by AmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae in microbiology laboratories is still a problem. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of four different phenotypic ESBL confirmation assays within this group of Enterobacteriaceae. A total of 83 AmpC-inducible Enterobacteriaceae were included in this study ...
Kowalczyk Keith J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Although most prostatectomy studies emphasize optimal nerve-sparing dissection planes, subtle technical variation also affects functional outcomes. The impact of minimizing assistant/surgeon tension on urinary function has not been quantified. We assess urinary function after attenuating neurovascular bundle (NVB) and rhabdosphincter tension during robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). METHODS: Retrospective study ...
Singh Atul P - - 2012
Novel, high "turn-on" Hg(2+) and O(2)(-) fluorescence behaviour (∼25-fold) with probes bearing [S(thi)N(py)] and [S(thi)N(py)N(py)] binding receptors, joined by oxidizable sulphides, may involve S-bound transient ROS species; such optical O(2)(-) behaviour operates moderately in neuroblastoma.
Thorisdottir Asa Vala - - 2012
AIM: Revised infant dietary recommendations from the Icelandic Nutrition Council (11) are outlined in a booklet provided during free postnatal care. These focus on increasing the duration of exclusive and total breastfeeding and reducing cow's milk consumption. This study explored whether maternal education and other parental factors affected whether mothers ...
Wong A K - - 2012
Although variation in the KIT gene is a common cause of white spotting among domesticated animals, KIT has not been implicated in the diverse white spotting observed in the dog. Here, we show that a loss-of-function mutation in KIT recapitulates the coat color phenotypes observed in other species. A spontaneous ...
Liang Rui-Yun - - 2012
Introduction. Magnesium (Mg) administration has been shown to promote bronchodilation and to improve lung function in asthma. It also plays an additional role in modulating the immune responses. This study was initiated to explore if Mg supplementation could affect the secretion of cytokines in acute asthmatic CD4(+) T cells. Methods. ...
Xian Jian-An - - 2012
This study investigated the toxic effects of cadmium on viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and non-specific esterase activity of Penaeus monodon haemocytes in vitro, using a flow cytometric assay. After 6 h in vitro exposure with 10(-9)-10(-3) M Cd(2+), cell viability, ROS production and esterase activity of haemocytes from P. monodon ...
Xue Hui Yi - - 2012
PURPOSE: Clinical application of cationic polymers for delivery of nucleic acids has been limited by their toxicity. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the polymer-in-lipid hybrid nanotechnology recently developed for controlled siRNA delivery can tackle this toxicity issue by reducing exposure of the cellular components to free ...
Yu Xiaowei - - 2012
Previous studies indicated that nitric oxide (NO) is involved in secondary damage of spinal cord injury (SCI), which worsens the primary physical injury to the central nervous systems. Recently, nitric oxide synthase interacting protein (NOSIP) has been identified to interact with neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and endothelial nitric oxide ...
Zha Lang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The high mobility group protein A2 (HMGA2) is an architectural transcription factor that plays an important role in the development and progression of many malignant neoplasms. High expression of HMGA2 in gastric cancer correlates with invasiveness of cancer and is an independent prognostic factor. The reason for this might ...
Shiah H-S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Deregulation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling is common in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). AIM: To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the oral mTOR inhibitor everolimus in advanced HCC patients. METHODS: Patients with locally advanced or metastatic HCC (Child-Pugh class A or B) were enrolled in ...
Reich Sven - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate the performance of chair-side generated crowns after 48 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one posterior full contour crowns made of a machinable lithium disilicate ceramic (e.max CAD LT) were inserted in 34 patients applying a chair-side CAD/CAM technique. One crown per ...
Del Gaudio Costantino - - 2012
Thrombosis is the main cause of failure of small-diameter synthetic vascular grafts when used for by-pass procedures. The development of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds with localized and sustained intra-luminal antithrombotic drug release could be considered a desirable improvement towards a valuable solution for this relevant clinical need. For this aim, we ...
Reitzel Lorraine R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Social cohesion, the self-reported trust and connectedness between neighbors, may affect health behaviors via psychosocial mechanisms. PURPOSE: Relations between individual perceptions of social cohesion and smoking cessation were examined among 397 Black treatment-seeking smokers. METHODS: Continuation ratio logit models examined the relation of social cohesion and biochemically verified continuous ...
Colvin-Adams Monica - - 2012
Cardiac allograft vasculopathy remains a major challenge to long-term survival after heart transplantation. Endothelial injury and dysfunction, as a result of multifactorial immunologic and nonimmunologic insults in the donor and the recipient, are prevalent early after transplant and may be precursors to overt cardiac allograft vasculopathy. Current strategies for managing ...
Krishnan P - - 2012
The reefs in some islands of Andaman and Nicobar suffered severe damage following a tropical storm in the Bay of Bengal off Myanmar coast during 13-17 March 2011. Surveys were conducted at eight sites in Andaman, of which five were located in the Ritchie's Archipelago where maximum wind speeds of ...
Sato Hajime - - 2012
Intracortical axons originating from pyramidal cells in layer 3 of the rat somatosensory cortex are shared between adjacent columns, and receive the presynaptic inhibition that is mediated by the GABA(B) receptor. Synaptic actions by intracortical axons of single layer 3 pyramidal cells covary between the two adjacent columns in response ...
Lateef Abdul - - 2012
The growth and development of prostate gland is governed by testosterone. Testosterone helps in maintaining the adipose tissue stores of the body. It is well documented that with advancing age there has been a gradual decline in testosterone levels. Our aim was to study the protective role of daidzein on ...
Choi K - - 2012
Rapid changes in salinity, as with other environmental stressors, can have detrimental effects on fish and may trigger increased susceptibility to disease. However, the precise mechanisms of these effects are not well understood. We examined the effects of sudden increases or decreases in salinity on teleost immune function using Nile ...
Glöckner Gernot - - 2012
Amoeboid life forms can be found throughout the evolutionary tree. The greatest proportion of these life forms is found in the Amoebozoa clade, one of the six major eukaryote evolutionary branches. Despite its common origin this clade exhibits a wide diversity of lifestyles including free-living and parasitic species and species ...
Guidelli G M - - 2012
Rituximab is a human/murine monoclonal antibody targeting the CD20 antigen on B-lymphocytes surface. Although it has been licensed for treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, nowadays it is also a novel therapy for autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Despite the increasing evidence regarding the safety and efficacy ...
Hallford D J - - 2012
Despite the established effectiveness of reminiscence-based interventions for depression, little research exists into the pathways through which specific reminiscence functions are related to depressive symptoms. Drawing on theory of the mechanisms of change in cognitive-reminiscence therapy, the current study tests the hypothesised indirect associations of adaptive integrative and instrumental reminiscence ...
Tátrai Péter - - 2012
Seeding of bone implants with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may promote osseointegration and bone regeneration. However, implant material surfaces, such as titanium or bovine bone mineral, fail to support rapid and efficient attachment of MSCs, especially under serum-free conditions that may be desirable when human applications or tightly controlled experiments ...
P T Sudheesh Kumar - - 2012
PURPOSE: β-chitin hydrogel/nZnO composite bandage was fabricated and evaluated in detail as an alternative to existing bandages. METHODS: β-chitin hydrogel was synthesized by dissolving β-chitin powder in Methanol/CaCl(2) solvent, followed by the addition of distilled water. ZnO nanoparticles were added to the β-chitin hydrogel and stirred for homogenized distribution. The ...
Prowse C V - - 2012
Background and Objectives  Pathogen inactivation (PI)-treated plasma and platelets are increasingly becoming the products of choice, where licensed. This review summarizes the clinical evidence available for licensed component PI technologies and red cell PI under development. Materials and Methods  Available literature on licensed technologies was reviewed. Results  For the plasma ...
Ariel Robert - - 2012
Learners presumably attempt to allocate their study time to maximize reward, yet in some contexts, their study choices are driven by reading biases that would not maximize reward. For instance, when presented with items in a horizontal array that are worth different values if correctly recalled, learners will often first ...
Jiang Lili - - 2012
Large-scale, uniform, vertically standing graphene with atomically thin edges are controllably synthesized on copper foil using a microwave-plasma chemical vapor deposition system. A growth mechanism of this system is proposed. This film shows excellent field-emission properties, with low turn-on field of 1.3 V μm(-1) , low threshold field of 3.0 ...
Li Jingquan - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim was to develop a slow-release poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA)-5-fluorouracil microsphere, study the pharmacokinetic characteristics as well as to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of this preparation on colorectal tumor in vivo. METHODS: The PLGA-5-fluorouracil microsphere was prepared based on a spray-drying method, and the drug loading of 5-fluorouracil ...
Ferragut Francisco - - 2012
Several mite species commonly attack cultivated citrus around the world. Up to 104 phytophagous species have been reported causing damage to leaves, buds and fruits, but only a dozen can be considered major pests requiring control measures. In recent years, several species have expanded their geographical range primarily due to ...
Cho Mi Young - - 2012
Two viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) isolates, VHSV-KR-CJA and VHSV-KR-YGH, were isolated from viral hemorrhagic septicemia disease outbreaks in flounder farms in South Korea. The VHSV-KR-CJA isolate was isolated from a flounder farm with high mortality (80%), while the VHSV-KR-YGH isolate was isolated from a flounder farm with low mortality ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >