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Results 251 - 300 of 2099
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Liang Rui-Yun - - 2012
Introduction. Magnesium (Mg) administration has been shown to promote bronchodilation and to improve lung function in asthma. It also plays an additional role in modulating the immune responses. This study was initiated to explore if Mg supplementation could affect the secretion of cytokines in acute asthmatic CD4(+) T cells. Methods. ...
Xian Jian-An - - 2012
This study investigated the toxic effects of cadmium on viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and non-specific esterase activity of Penaeus monodon haemocytes in vitro, using a flow cytometric assay. After 6 h in vitro exposure with 10(-9)-10(-3) M Cd(2+), cell viability, ROS production and esterase activity of haemocytes from P. monodon ...
Xue Hui Yi - - 2012
PURPOSE: Clinical application of cationic polymers for delivery of nucleic acids has been limited by their toxicity. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the polymer-in-lipid hybrid nanotechnology recently developed for controlled siRNA delivery can tackle this toxicity issue by reducing exposure of the cellular components to free ...
Mangone Massimiliano M Biomechanics and Movement Analysis Laboratory, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Azienda Policlinico Umberto I, Piazzale Aldo Moro, 5, 00185 Rome, Italy. - - 2013
The aim of the present research is to evaluate the relationship between an X-ray-based method (i.e. the Raimondi method) and rasterstereography in the evaluation of vertebral rotation (VR) in a sample of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. A total of 25 patients (9 males; mean age 14 ± 3 years; ...
Yu Xiaowei - - 2012
Previous studies indicated that nitric oxide (NO) is involved in secondary damage of spinal cord injury (SCI), which worsens the primary physical injury to the central nervous systems. Recently, nitric oxide synthase interacting protein (NOSIP) has been identified to interact with neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and endothelial nitric oxide ...
Zha Lang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The high mobility group protein A2 (HMGA2) is an architectural transcription factor that plays an important role in the development and progression of many malignant neoplasms. High expression of HMGA2 in gastric cancer correlates with invasiveness of cancer and is an independent prognostic factor. The reason for this might ...
Shiah H-S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Deregulation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling is common in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). AIM: To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the oral mTOR inhibitor everolimus in advanced HCC patients. METHODS: Patients with locally advanced or metastatic HCC (Child-Pugh class A or B) were enrolled in ...
Reich Sven - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate the performance of chair-side generated crowns after 48 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one posterior full contour crowns made of a machinable lithium disilicate ceramic (e.max CAD LT) were inserted in 34 patients applying a chair-side CAD/CAM technique. One crown per ...
Del Gaudio Costantino - - 2012
Thrombosis is the main cause of failure of small-diameter synthetic vascular grafts when used for by-pass procedures. The development of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds with localized and sustained intra-luminal antithrombotic drug release could be considered a desirable improvement towards a valuable solution for this relevant clinical need. For this aim, we ...
Lee Chil Won - - 2012
High quantum efficiency in solution and vacuum processed blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes were achieved using a new benzofuropyridine based bipolar host material. High quantum efficiencies of 18.0% and 23.0% were obtained in soluble and vacuum evaporable blue devices.
Park Mi-Gyoung - - 2012
This study evaluated the shear bond strength (SBS) and adhesive remnant index (ARI) of ceramic brackets with different base designs using a 473-nm diode-pumped solid-state (DPSS) laser to test its usefulness as a light source. A total of 180 caries-free human premolars were divided into four groups according to the ...
Golombieski Jaqueline Ineu - - 2012
This study examined ammonia, urea, creatinine, protein, nitrite, nitrate, and phosphorus (P) excretion at different water hardness, humic acid, or pH levels in silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) juveniles. The fish were exposed to different levels of water hardness (4, 24, 50, or 100 mg L(-1) CaCO(3)), humic acid (0, 2.5, or 5.0 mg ...
Cai Xin - - 2012
Receptor-interacting protein 2 (RIP2) is a member of the receptor interacting protein (RIP) family and plays an important role in the innate and adaptive immune responses. Overexpression of RIP2 mediates divergent signaling pathways including NF-κB activation and cell death. To further investigate the biological activity of RIP2 in vitro, a ...
Attia Amr Ali Ahmed Ali - - 2012
It is generally accepted that the catalytic cycles of superoxide reductases (SORs) and cytochromes P450 involve a ferric hydroperoxo intermediate at a mononuclear iron center with a coordination sphere consisting of four equatorial nitrogen ligands and one axial cysteine thiolate trans to the hydroperoxide. However, although SORs and P450s have ...
Sutton Matt - - 2012
Pay-for-performance programs are being adopted internationally despite little evidence that they improve patient outcomes. In 2008, a program called Advancing Quality, based on the Hospital Quality Incentive Demonstration in the United States, was introduced in all National Health Service (NHS) hospitals in the northwest region of England (population, 6.8 million). ...
Overton Timothy G TG University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol, - - 2012
The birth prevalence of gastroschisis is increasing worldwide, yet little evidence exists concerning the optimal monitoring strategies after diagnosis. The aim of this study was to describe the U.K. prevalence, antenatal management and outcomes of affected pregnancies. Cases were identified throughout the U.K. between October 2006 and September 2007, using ...
Dudvarski Zoran - - 2012
Recent studies have evidenced that nasal polyposis (NP) may lead to significant limitations in physical, emotional and social aspects of life of the affected patients. The study is aimed to investigate the influence of asthma on quality of life (QoL), intensity of symptoms, endoscopic and computerized tomography (CT) sinus findings ...
Lambidis Constantinos - - 2012
The superiority of autogenous fistulae in patients with end-stage renal disease, performing hemodialysis, is well established and largely accepted. However, in case that superficial veins in the upper arm are not available for fistula construction, brachial vein transposition may be a viable alternative prior to graft placement. This transposition could ...
Li Jingguo - - 2012
Herein, we synthesize a coumarin-substituted diacetylene monomer (CODA) and report the novel photo-controlled reversible assembly and disassembly behavior of the polymerized CODA (PCODA) vesicles. The photo-triggered dimerization and cleavage reactions of the coumarin groups within the surface of the adjacent PCODA vesicles can be utilized as the driving force to ...
Ruggiero Simona - - 2012
Introduction. To the average consumer, "cosmetics" are not considered to cause damage to human health under normal conditions of use. Thus, cosmetic "safety" does not require any particular attention to the possibility that cosmetics may result in a toxic exposure, especially for children. Poison Control Centres (PCCs) provide specialized and ...
Davidson Elizabeth W - - 2012
We explored whether extracts of trees frequently found associated with amphibian habitats in Australia and Arizona, USA, may be inhibitory to the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), which has been associated with global amphibian declines. We used salamanders Ambystoma tigrinum as the model system. Salamanders acquired significantly lower loads of ...
Daudén E - - 2012
Background  The relationship between psoriasis and associated diseases has drawn particular interest in recent years. To provide appropriate management of psoriasis from an early stage, it is necessary to include prompt diagnosis of concomitant disease and to prevent and treat any comorbidity found. Such an integrated approach also serves to ...
Schrader Eva - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate possible blood glucose-lowering effects of plant extracts in vivo for which prior to this a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ activity in vitro was observed. The ability of extracts of winter savory, purple coneflower, buckwheat and black elder to dose-dependently activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ ...
Neumeyer Andrea - - 2012
Abstract Investigating the safety of nanoparticles is essential for many fields of their applications, in particular for consumer products, food and medicines. The conventional dye and fluorescence based cytotoxicity assays are limited by the interference of such readouts with nanomaterials. This holds in particular when nanomaterials have been fluorescently labeled ...
Benediktsdóttir Berglind Eva - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the integrity and permeability properties of the immortalized human VA10 bronchial epithelial cell line for its suitability as an in vitro drug permeation model. METHODS: Cells were grown under liquid-covered culture (LCC) or air-liquid interface (ALI) culture, characterized using electron microscopy and immunostaining. Integrity was measured using ...
Li Yan-Ping - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Li et al. (2012) Immunogenicity and safety of a 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) monovalent vaccine in Chinese infants aged 6-35 months: a randomized, double-blind, controlled phase I clinical trial. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses DOI: 10.1111/irv.12028. Objectives  The goal of this double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial ...
Baghalian Ali - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effect of erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser irradiation and conventional dental bur cavity preparation on in vitro microleakage of class V cavities restored with different adhesive restorative materials and two types of self-etching adhesives in primary teeth. Standard class V cavities ...
Holland Aleicia - - 2012
Humic substances (HS) are known to decrease the toxicity of heavy metals to aquatic organisms, and it has been suggested that they can provide buffering protection in low pH conditions. Despite this, little is known about the ability for HS to increase survival to acid mine drainage (AMD). In this ...
Hafizi Maryam - - 2012
Neural differentiation of the CD133+/CD34+ subpopulation of human umbilical cord blood stem cells was investigated, and neuro-miR (mir-9 and mir-124) expression was examined. An efficient induction protocol for neural differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells together with the exclusion of retinoic acid in this process was also studied. Transcription of some neural ...
de la Rosa Xavier - - 2012
PURPOSE: Stroke induces strong expression of the 72-kDa heat-shock protein (HSP-70) in the ischaemic brain, and neuronal expression of HSP-70 is associated with the ischaemic penumbra. The aim of this study was to image induction of Hsp-70 gene expression in vivo after brain ischaemia using reporter mice. METHODS: A genomic ...
Li Wei - - 2012
Temporal analytical techniques to track nanoparticles in live cell would provide rich information to well understand the biologic properties of nanoparticles in molecular level. Significant advances in fluorescence microscopy techniques with high temporal and spatial resolution allow single nanoparticles to label biomolecules, ions, and microstructures in live cells, which will ...
Jacob Heike - - 2012
Emotional communication uses verbal and nonverbal means. In case of conflicting signals, nonverbal information is assumed to have a stronger impact. It is unclear, however, whether perceptual nonverbal dominance varies between individuals and whether it is linked to emotional intelligence. Using audiovisual stimulus material comprising verbal and nonverbal emotional cues ...
Rhodes Allison J - - 2012
Here, we report a method for synthesis of cylindrical copolypeptide brushes via N-carboxyanhydride polymerization utilizing a new tandem catalysis approach that allows preparation of brushes with controlled segment lengths in a straightforward, one-pot procedure requiring no intermediate isolation or purification steps. To obtain high density brush copolypeptides, we used a ...
Chaganti S - - 2012
Among 101 feet that presented with symptoms and signs similar to Morton's neuroma, intermetatarsal rheumatoid nodules were found in five feet (three patients). Two patients had bilateral involvement. Histology of the excised tissue showed the presence of a rheumatoid nodule and Morton's neuroma in four feet and a rheumatoid nodule with unremarkable ...
Howard David L - - 2012
To assess physician attitude towards making oral contraceptives available over the counter in the United States (US). We assessed physician attitudes towards a transition from prescription only to over-the-counter availability (rx-OTC) for oral contraceptive pills by disseminating an electronic survey directed primarily to residents training in Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN) ...
Runquist Ryan Briscoe - - 2012
A plant species immigrating into a community may experience a rarity disadvantage due to competition for the services of pollinators. These negative reproductive interactions have the potential to lead to competitive displacement or exclusion of a species from a site. In this study, we used one- and two-species arrays of ...
Chen Weiyu - - 2012
The structural stability of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) capsids at high salinity, high temperature and various pH values was studied. To obtain the viral capsids, the nucleocapsids were treated with high salinity. The results showed that high salinity treatment can cause the dissociation of VP15 and most of VP95 ...
McNeill Jenny - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Maternity care providers, particularly midwives, have a window of opportunity to influence pregnant women about positive health choices. This aim of this paper is to identify evidence of effective public health interventions from good quality systematic reviews that could be conducted by midwives. METHODS: Relevant databases including MEDLINE, ...
Sánchez-Moya A I - - 2012
Introduction  The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) or the prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in psoriasis patients has not been described in the Spanish population. We carried out a study with the objectives: (i) To describe the incidence of TB in patients with psoriasis on systemic treatment in the Spanish ...
Showalter Shayna L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials have shown no survival difference for patients with stage I breast cancer treated with mastectomy versus breast-conserving surgery (BCS) with radiotherapy (RT). RT is recommended after BCS in order to decrease local recurrence and mortality. We sought to evaluate the treatment trends in patients with stage I ...
Chapman Colin D - - 2012
One of the most challenging problems facing modern medicine is how to deliver a given drug to a specific target at the exclusion of other regions. For example, a variety of compounds have beneficial effects within the central nervous system (CNS), but unwanted side effects in the periphery. For such ...
Halon Agnieszka - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic value of the immunohistochemical evaluation of the multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) expression, together with its subcellular localization in primary fallopian tube carcinomas (PFTCs). METHODS: The immunohistochemical analysis was performed using samples originating from 70 patients with PFTCs. RESULTS: (1) We documented that MRP2 can ...
Ibrahim Imtiaz - - 2012
Polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCIS) are useful for monitoring a wide range of chemicals, including polar pesticides, in water bodies. However, few calibration data are available, which limits the use of these samplers for time-weighted average concentration measurements in an aquatic medium. This work deals with the laboratory calibration ...
Walder Kathryn K KK Department of Biology, Grinnell College, Grinnell, IA 50112, - - 2013
Immunohistochemical studies previously revealed the presence of the peptide transmitter N-acetylaspartylglutamate (NAAG) in spinal motor neurons, axons and presumptive neuromuscular junctions (NMJs). At synapses in the central nervous system, NAAG has been shown to activate the type 3 metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR3) and is inactivated by an extracellular peptidase, glutamate ...
Koga Nobuyasu - - 2012
Unlike random heteropolymers, natural proteins fold into unique ordered structures. Understanding how these are encoded in amino-acid sequences is complicated by energetically unfavourable non-ideal features--for example kinked α-helices, bulged β-strands, strained loops and buried polar groups--that arise in proteins from evolutionary selection for biological function or from neutral drift. Here ...
Zanotti-Fregonara Paolo P Molecular Imaging Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, - - 2013
Two allosteric modulators of the group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR1 and mGluR5) were evaluated as positron emission tomography (PET) radioligands for mGluR1. LY2428703, a full mGluR1 antagonist (IC(50) 8.9 nM) and partial mGluR5 antagonist (IC(50) 118 nM), and LSN2606428, a full mGluR1 and mGluR5 antagonist (IC(50) 35.3 nM and ...
Zhang Dong - - 2012
A new nickel tellurite oxohalide, Ni(15)Te(12)O(34)Cl(10), has been prepared by chemical vapour transport reactions and the crystal structure was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The compound crystallizes in the triclinic space group P1[combining macron] with the pseudomonoclinic cell parameters a = 10.3248(6) Å, b = 10.3249(6) Å, c = 11.6460(8) ...
An Ho Jung - - 2012
Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is an aggressive hematologic malignancy originating from the precursor of the plasmacytoid dendritic cell. It is very rare and has only recently been recognized as a distinct entity. In this study, we report our experience of BPDCN to review the clinical, pathological features and ...
Kim Hye Jeong - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) often presents as multifocal or bilateral tumors, but whether multifocality or bilaterality is associated with disease recurrence/persistence is controversial. We evaluated the association between multifocality and bilaterality of PTC and disease recurrence/persistence. We also analyzed the location and number of tumors in multifocal PTC. ...
Eggebrecht Holger - - 2012
Aims: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a novel treatment option for high surgical risk patients with severe symptomatic aortic valve (AV) stenosis. During TAVI, some patients may require emergent cardiac surgery (ECS). However, the incidence, reasons and outcomes of those needing ECS remain unknown. Methods and results: We performed ...
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