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Seidel R - - 2012
This article reports the successful use of C1 esterase inhibitor in the treatment of capillary leak syndrome. The coincidence of exposure to latex during surgery and medication with ramipril led to prolonged shock complicated by secondary hyperfibrinolysis, capillary leak syndrome and multiple organ failure. Initial treatment according to relevant guidelines ...
Kang Se-Chan - - 2012
It has been reported that Astragalus membranaceus, an Asian traditional herb, has an estrogenic effect in vitro. To examine the possible role of A. membranaceus extract with supplemental calcium (Ca) on bone status in calcium-deficient (LCa) ovariectomized (OVX) rats, a total of 48 female rats were divided into six groups: ...
- - 2012
Hurricane Sandy made landfall as a post-tropical cyclone along the coast of southern New Jersey on Monday, October 29, 2012. In the wake of Sandy, state and federal public health agencies have observed an increase in the number of exposures to carbon monoxide (CO) reported to poison centers. CO is ...
Abdel Samie A - - 2012
Spontaneous small-bowel hematomas most commonly involve the jejunum, followed by the ileum and duodenum, and occur in patients who receive excessive anticoagulation with phenprocoumon/warfarin or who have additional risk factors for bleeding.We report three cases of intramural small-bowel hematoma, all complications of treatment with phenprocoumon, which nowadays is used extensively ...
Artner J - - 2012
Spinal injections are a treatment option in the conservative management of degenerative spinal disorders. The indications must be critically reviewed for every patient. Treatment with injections for painful spinal disorders should be a part of interdisciplinary treatment regimes. The diagnostic value varies between injection procedures. A large number of imaging ...
Xie Peng - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare the performance of the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CDK-EPI) equation, the 24-h creatinine clearance rate (24hCCr), Cockroft-Gault (C-G) formula, the abbreviated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (aMDRD) equation, the modified Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (mMDRD) equation in determining glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in ...
Elzoghby Ahmed O - - 2012
PURPOSE: To propose a simple method for the development of genipin-crosslinked casein micelles as a new delivery platform for prolonged release of alfuzosin hydrochloride. METHODS: Crosslinked casein micelles entrapping alfuzosin were transformed into solid redispersible nanoparticles via spray-drying technique with no need for drying adjuvants based on the stabilizing effect ...
Chu Ju - - 2012
This minireview mainly aims at the study of S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) production by microbial fermentation. A brief introduction of the biological role and application of SAM was presented. In general, SAM production can be improved by breeding of the producing strain through the conventional mutation or genetic engineering approach in the ...
Takagi Naoto - - 2012
In higher plants, the shoot apical meristem (SAM) is the ultimate source supplying cells that constitute the aboveground tissues and organs. The cells supplied from the SAM begin to proliferate rapidly and then concomitantly start to differentiate. We identified a novel mutant, named bouquet-1 (boq-1), exhibiting highly pleiotropic shoot growth ...
Liu Zhongyu - - 2012
Glioma is one of the most common tumors of the central nervous system, and one of its main types is astrocytoma. Microarray technology has been widely used to explore the molecular mechanism of cancer. It is universally accepted that meta-analysis considerably improves the statistical robustness of results, particularly in clinical ...
Lu Q - - 2012
OBJECTIVEC: Randomized trials fail to demonstrate a decrease in mortality when high Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) is applied to patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Use of PEEP in all patients without taking into consideration specific lung morphology, potential for recruitment and risk of lung hyperinflation could be one of ...
Arbanasić H - - 2012
The genes of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) are a key component of the mammalian immune system and have become important molecular markers for measuring fitness-related genetic variation in wildlife populations. Because of human persecution and habitat fragmentation, the grey wolf has become extinct from a large part of Western ...
Zanin Mark P - - 2012
We have previously shown that Regulator of Calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) regulates multiple stages of vesicle exocytosis. However, the mechanisms by which RCAN1 affects secretory vesicle exocytosis and quantal release kinetics remain unknown. Here we use carbon fiber amperometry to detect exocytosis from chromaffin cells and identify these underlying mechanisms. We ...
Huang Jier - - 2012
Cu complex as photosensitizers: Photoinduced charge-transfer dynamics from a copper(I) diimine complex to TiO(2) nanoparticles were investigated by combining multiple time-resolved spectroscopic methods. An efficient and ultrafast electron transfer process from the singlet MLCT state was discovered as a result of structural control owing to the flattening of the tetrahedral ...
Strukil Vjekoslav - - 2012
Environmentally friendly one-pot synthesis of amides, bis-amides and dipeptides by mechanochemical carbodiimide-mediated coupling of carboxylic acids and amines is described; high reaction yields and simple aqueous work-up allow for the clean, practical and fast preparation of a variety of compounds containing the amide bond from readily accessible reagents.
Houdelier C - - 2012
We analysed, for the first time, songs of the African Red-winged Starling Onychognathus morio and compared their general characteristics with those of the European Starling Sturnus vulgaris. Both species are gregarious during the non-breeding season, but European Starlings tend to nest in colonies, form unstable pair-bonds and are occasionally polygynous, ...
Li Jiabei - - 2012
Wavelength tunability of lasers is one of the most important parameters for achieving practical applications such as optical communication, environmental monitoring, and spectroscopy analysis. A wide-wavelength tunable laser is demonstrated on a single non-doped CdSe nanowire (NW) without changing pumping intensity and position, but by simply gradually cutting the NW ...
Highton Jamie - - 2012
Abstract Acute carbohydrate-protein ingestion has been shown to improve steady-state endurance performance. This study compared the effects of carbohydrate and carbohydrate-protein ingestion on self-regulated simulated multiple-sprint sport performance. Nine participants completed two trials of a modified Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test involving 4 x 15 min blocks of regulated exercise followed by ...
Kessler Elizabeth R - - 2012
With a large, aging population in the USA and continued prolongation of life expectancy, treatment of cancer in the elderly will continue to be of importance. The most common cancer in men is prostate cancer, which is most often diagnosed in those over the age of 65 years. Initial therapies for ...
Sandall Simon - - 2012
This paper takes key insights from social psychologists and interrogates them as methodological tools for historians, applying these theories to a large-scale uprising that occurred in southern England in 1549. In a social order based on notions of paternalism and deference, a diverse band of rebels were able to forge ...
Rodríguez-Martínez Rafael - - 2012
A trial was conducted during the anestrous period in female goats to determine: (a) whether estrus can be induced in anestrous goats by administration of equine chorionic gonadotropic hormone (eCG) and PGF(2α) under pen conditions and (b) whether these sexually active female goats can elicit sexual arousal in sexually inactive ...
Giannakopoulou Efstathia - - 2012
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is implicated in promoting atherosclerotic diseases, including stroke. Therefore, several studies have investigated the association between variants of the MCP-1 gene and risk of atherosclerotic diseases. We sought to determine the occurrence of MCP-1 -2518A>G polymorphism in patients with ischemic stroke (IS), and studied its association ...
Santín M - - 2012
Abstract Cryptosporidium spp. are frequent parasites of livestock and companion animals, raising questions about the clinical significance of such infections. Cryptosporidium infections have a wide spectrum of clinical signs that can vary from asymptomatic to serious infection to death. In neonatal ruminants, cryptosporidiosis is considered an important disease characterised by ...
Wang Shi-Zhen - - 2012
A chemo-enzymatic synthesis method of S-citalopram was developed to overcome the disadvantage of relatively low selectivity of enzyme towards tertiary alcohols. The combination of kinetic resolution, cyclic resolution and stereoinversion synthesis was successfully applied in the asymmetric synthesis of the S-citalopram. Using the kinetic model to predict the cyclic resolution, ...
Shirakashi Sho - - 2012
We monitored infection by a brain-infecting myxozoan Kudoa yasunagai in hatchery-reared juvenile yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata at a culturing site in Japan. Infection was detected by PCR and microscopic observation once every 1 to 4 wk during 2010 and 2011. In both years, we detected first infection in mid-July by PCR. ...
Osorio-Esquivel Obed - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hypolipidemic effect of a methanolic extract from Opuntia joconostle seeds fed to mice in a hypercholesterolemic diet. Acute toxicity of the methanolic extract was investigated by an established method. Phenolic composition and antioxidant activity were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography and ...
Oliveira Francisco P M - - 2012
This article presents an enhanced methodology to align plantar pressure image sequences simultaneously in time and space. The temporal alignment of the sequences is accomplished using B-splines in the time modeling, and the spatial alignment can be attained using several geometric transformation models. The methodology was tested on a dataset ...
Guo Lvhua - - 2012
The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of erythropoietin (EPO) on the proliferation and function of human osteoblast cells (hFOB 1.19) cultured in vitro and to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms to provide a theoretical foundation for clinical applications of EPO in oral implant and restoration therapies. ...
Müller Werner E G - - 2012
The major structural and enzymatically active protein in spicules from siliceous sponges, e.g., for Suberites domuncula studied here, is silicatein. Silicatein has been established to be the key enzyme that catalyzes the formation of biosilica, a polymer that represents the inorganic scaffold for the spicule. In the present study, it ...
Zhang Dong - - 2012
A new nickel tellurite oxohalide, Ni(15)Te(12)O(34)Cl(10), has been prepared by chemical vapour transport reactions and the crystal structure was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The compound crystallizes in the triclinic space group P1[combining macron] with the pseudomonoclinic cell parameters a = 10.3248(6) Å, b = 10.3249(6) Å, c = 11.6460(8) ...
An Ho Jung - - 2012
Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is an aggressive hematologic malignancy originating from the precursor of the plasmacytoid dendritic cell. It is very rare and has only recently been recognized as a distinct entity. In this study, we report our experience of BPDCN to review the clinical, pathological features and ...
Kim Hye Jeong - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) often presents as multifocal or bilateral tumors, but whether multifocality or bilaterality is associated with disease recurrence/persistence is controversial. We evaluated the association between multifocality and bilaterality of PTC and disease recurrence/persistence. We also analyzed the location and number of tumors in multifocal PTC. ...
Cakir Pinar - - 2012
A new approach is proposed for the synthesis of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) (synthetic antibodies) as soluble nanogels with sizes close to the size of real antibodies. To imprint a molecular memory in particles consisting of only a few polymer chains, an initiator carrying multiple iniferter moieties is used. This ...
Vavalle Nicholas A - - 2012
This study presents four validation cases of a mid-sized male (M50) full human body finite element model-two lateral sled tests at 6.7 m/s, one sled test at 8.9 m/s, and a lateral drop test. Model results were compared to transient force curves, peak force, chest compression, and number of fractures from the ...
Kirbas Serkan - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and macular changes (central subfield thickness, cube average thickness, cube volume) in patients with chronic migraine (CM) without visual impairment using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and to compare the results to healthy controls. A total ...
Ganella D E - - 2012
Relaxin-3 is a neuropeptide that is abundantly expressed by discrete brainstem neuron populations that broadly innervate forebrain areas rich in the relaxin-3 G-protein-coupled-receptor, RXFP3. Acute and subchronic central administration of synthetic relaxin-3 or an RXFP3-selective agonist peptide, R3/I5, increase feeding and body weight in rats. Intrahypothalamic injection of relaxin-3 also ...
Tan Siok-Lay - - 2012
Earlier studies show that Hes1 expression is oscillatory in neural stem cells but sustained and high in the roof plate and the floor plate, and that such different dynamics of Hes1 expression (oscillatory versus sustained) regulate different proliferation and differentiation characteristics of these cells (active in neural stem cells but ...
Bossart Gregory D - - 2012
Necropsies were conducted on 4 Antillean manatees Trichechus manatus manatus that were stranded in single events on the coastal beaches of Puerto Rico from August 2010 to August 2011. Three manatees were emaciated and the gastrointestinal tracts were devoid of digesta. Microscopically, all manatees had severe widespread inflammatory lesions of ...
Fenwick Eva K - - 2012
PURPOSE: We are developing an item bank assessing the impact of diabetic retinopathy (DR) on quality of life (QoL) using a rigorous multi-staged process combining qualitative and quantitative methods. We describe here the first two qualitative phases: content development and item evaluation. METHODS: After a comprehensive literature review, items were ...
Caldarella Carmelo - - 2012
Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is a useful diagnostic tool for the staging of patients with multiple myeloma (MM). The aim of this study is to perform a systematic review of the usefulness of FDG-PET or PET/CT in monitoring response to treatment in patients with MM. A comprehensive computer literature ...
Mahmood Usama - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To study national trends in the mastectomy rate for treatment of early stage breast cancer. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database, including 256,081 women diagnosed with T1-2 N0-3 M0 breast cancer from 2000 to 2008. We evaluated therapeutic mastectomy rates by the year ...
Ferri Gian Gaetano - - 2012
Conservative management of small vestibular schwannomas is frequently proposed as most tumours do not grow. Anyway, tumour growth is reported in 30-40 % of the cases, so that surgery is consequently generally proposed. We primarily observed 161 patients affected by unilateral vestibular schwannomas. All patients were examined by means of gadolinium-enhanced ...
Whitty Cc - - 2012
Abstract CASE HISTORY: A 13 kg 3.5-year-old male neutered Cocker Spaniel presented with a 6-day history of deteriorating hindlimb paresis. Approximately 10 weeks previously the owner reported removing a large number of barley grass seeds from the dog's coat and ears. Eight weeks later the dog was treated for pneumonia, based ...
Zador Zsolt - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The eyebrow craniotomy is a less invasive alternative approach for accessing anterior skull base lesions, compared to traditional and more extensive exposures. We give a stepwise description of this minimally invasive technique with discussion on the indications, limitations and key aspects of perioperative management. METHODS: Positioning of the head ...
Constantin J - - 2012
Over the last 25 years, lung imaging has changed our understanding of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Alveolar recruitment, hyperinflation, and positive end- expiratory pressure-induced changes in lung aeration have become evaluable using CT, PET, and ultrasonography. The data have revealed that patients differ, in that the required ventilator settings vary ...
Friedland-Little Joshua - - 2012
We present a case of coronary ectasia and LAD coronary artery aneurysm with angiographic characteristics of Kawasaki disease in a three-yr-old girl two-yr status post-orthotopic heart transplant. Coronary anomalies were noted during initial screening coronary angiography two yr after transplant. Subsequent review of the donor echocardiogram revealed that the LMCA had ...
Xiong Wei - - 2012
The direct formation of graphene on various dielectric surfaces is successful via a single-step rapid thermal processing (RTP) of substrates coated with amorphous carbon (C) and nickel (Ni) thin films. High-quality graphene is obtained uniformly on the whole surface of wafers with a controlled number of graphene layers. The monolayer ...
Chu Edward W - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Clostridium difficile stool toxin is detected in 5-20 % of patients with acute exacerbations of ulcerative colitis (UC). There is little data regarding the safety of surgery for UC with concurrent C. difficile. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 23 patients undergoing colectomy for refractory UC complicated by C. ...
Mladenovic Zorica - - 2012
Purpose: Multislice computed coronary angiography (MSCT) provides valuable morphological information about coronary artery disease, but precise quantification of coronary stenosis remains difficult. Transthoracic color Doppler echocardiography (TDE) gives a new insight into the functional significance of coronary luminal narrowing. We have tried to assess the additive value of coronary flow ...
Mukhopadhyay Somnath - - 2012
To assess the health of ocular surface in a defined urban population, conjunctival goblet cell density and degree of surface squamous metaplasia were utilized as study tools. Two thousand names of those aged between 20 and 79 years from the 2006 electoral register in ward number 63 of Kolkata Corporation area ...
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