Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 2099
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Uematsu Dai - - 2012
: Only a limited number of instruments can be used in single-access laparoscopic colectomy, and triangulation must be forfeited to avoid instrument collision. We investigated whether this problem could be overcome by performing laparoscopic colectomy by the use of the lateral decubitus position, making full use of gravity. : The ...
Balvers Michiel G J - - 2012
It is well established that dietary intake of n-3 fatty acids is associated with anti-inflammatory effects, and this has been linked to modulation of the oxylipin and endocannabinoid metabolomes. However, the amount of data on specific tissue effects is limited, and it is not known how inflammation affects this relation. ...
Awasthi Praveen - - 2012
By employing in silico tools, we devised new chloroplast microsatellite primers for inferring phylogenetic relationships within Brassicaceae. Microsatellite repeats were scanned in 12 chloroplast genomes of Brassicaceae, regions flanking these repeats were aligned and 19 universal primers were designed. Fifteen of these primer pairs are predicted to yield polymorphic amplicons, ...
Finlayson Emily - - 2012
: As the population ages, an increasing number of elderly persons will undergo surgery for rectal cancer. The use of sphincter-sparing surgery in frail older adults is controversial. : The aim of this study was to examine mortality and bowel function after proctectomy in nursing home residents. : This is ...
Nevedomskaya Ekaterina - - 2012
Urinary tract infection (UTI) encompasses a variety of clinical syndromes ranging from mild to life-threatening conditions. As such, it represents an interesting model for the development of an analytically based scoring system of disease severity and/or host response. Here we test the feasibility of this concept using (1)H NMR based ...
Byrne Michael - - 2012
The reversal of low-molecular-weight heparins, particularly at supratherapeutic levels, remains challenging. The paucity of literature available to guide the treatment of these patients makes their management difficult for primary care providers, surgeons, and subspecialists alike. We report the case of a 34-year-old woman, who intentionally overdosed on enoxaparin (Lovenox) in ...
Stamper Sarah A - - 2012
Recent studies have shown that central nervous system neurons in weakly electric fish respond to artificially constructed electrosensory envelopes, but the behavioral relevance of such stimuli is unclear. Here we investigate the possibility that social context creates envelopes that drive behavior. When Eigenmannia virescens are in groups of three or ...
Yamada Naoyuki - - 2012
: We have previously shown that the fibronectin-derived peptide PHSRN (Pro-His-Ser-Arg-Asn) promotes corneal epithelial wound healing in vivo. We have now examined the clinical efficacy of eye drops containing the PHSRN peptide for treatment of persistent epithelial defects (PEDs) of the cornea. : Seven patients (5 men and 2 women; ...
Galgóczy L - - 2012
The mortality rates of fungal infections that affect the central nervous system are high in consequence of the absence of effective antifungal drugs with good penetration across the blood-brain barrier and the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier. In the present work in vitro antifungal activities of three good penetrating non-antifungal drugs (amantadine ...
McCormick P H - - 2012
: The IPAA has become established as the preferred technique for restoring intestinal continuity postproctocolectomy. The ideal pouch design has not been established. W-pouches may give better functional results owing to increased volume, whereas the J-pouch's advantage is its straightforward construction. We report short- and long-term results of an randomized ...
Brígido Clarisse - - 2012
Several molecular chaperones are known to be involved in bacteria stress response. To investigate the role of chaperone ClpB in rhizobia stress tolerance as well as in the rhizobia-plant symbiosis process, the clpB gene from a chickpea microsymbiont, strain Mesorhizobium ciceri LMS-1, was identified and a knockout mutant was obtained. ...
Faucheron Jean-Luc - - 2012
: Sacral nerve stimulation is a recognized treatment for fecal and urinary incontinence. Few articles have been published about patients presenting with both types of incontinence. : The aim of this study was to report the functional results in patients operated on for simultaneous fecal and urinary incontinence by the ...
Holm-Knudsen Rolf J - - 2012
In the rare scenario when it is impossible to oxygenate or intubate a child, no evidence exists on what strategy to follow. The aim of this study was to compare the time and success rate when using two different transtracheal needle techniques and also to measure the success rate and ...
Nagle Deborah - - 2012
: New ileostomates face significant physical and psychological adaptations. Despite advanced resources, such as wound, ostomy, and continence nurses, we observed a high readmission rate for dehydration among patients with new ileostomies. : Our goal was to create a pathway to reduce readmission and facilitate patient education and well-being. : ...
Perez Kari - - 2012
Potyvirus resistance in Capsicum spp. has been attributed to amino acid substitutions at the pvr1 locus that cause conformational shifts in eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF4E. The viral genome-linked protein (VPg) sequence was isolated and compared from three Tobacco etch virus (TEV) strains, highly aphid-transmissible (HAT), Mex21, and N, which ...
Goodfellow L M - - 2012
Goodfellow L.M., Macduff C., Leslie G., Copeland S., Nolfi D. & Blackwood D. (2012) Nurse scholars' knowledge and use of electronic theses and dissertations. International Nursing Review Background:  Electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) are a valuable resource for nurse scholars worldwide. ETDs and digital libraries offer the potential to radically ...
Damaser Margot S - - 2012
: Stimulation of the pudendal nerve or the anal sphincter could provide therapeutic options for fecal incontinence with little involvement of other organs. The goal of this project was to assess the effects of pudendal nerve and anal sphincter stimulation on bladder and anal pressures. : Ten virgin female Sprague ...
Bobbert Peter - - 2012
Dual antiplatelet medication with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and clopidogrel is the main therapy for patients with stable coronary vessel disease (CVD) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Despite platelet inhibition subgroups of patients have been shown to exhibit an increase of risk for adverse cardiovascular events. The aim of our study ...
Munoz Javier - - 2012
Inherited dysfibrinogenemia is a rare disorder caused by mutations in the fibrinogen gene, described in approximately 400 families to date. We present the case of a 20-year-old woman at 7 weeks of pregnancy with a history of two first-trimester spontaneous abortions and a family history of thrombotic events. Her testing ...
Leitch Duncan B DB Neuroscience Graduate Program, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235, - - 2012
Integumentary sensory organs (ISOs) are densely distributed on the jaws of crocodilians and on body scales of members of the families Crocodilidae and Gavialidae. We examined the distribution, anatomy, innervation and response properties of ISOs on the face and body of crocodilians and documented related behaviors for an alligatorid (Alligator ...
Chipps Bradley E - - 2012
Patients with severe or difficult-to-treat asthma account for substantial asthma morbidity, mortality, and healthcare burden despite comprising only a small proportion of the total asthma population. TENOR, a multicenter, observational, prospective cohort study was initiated in 2001. It enrolled 4,756 adults, adolescents and children with severe or difficult-to-treat asthma who ...
Langeron Olivier - - 2012
It has been suggested that predicting difficult tracheal intubation is useless because of the poor predictive capacity of individual signs and scores. The authors tested the hypothesis that an accurate prediction of difficult tracheal intubation using simple clinical signs is possible using a computer-assist model. In a cohort of 1,655 ...
Le Manach Yannick - - 2012
Cardiac output (CO) is rarely monitored during surgery, and arterial pressure remains the only hemodynamic parameter for assessing the effects of volume expansion (VE). However, whether VE-induced changes in arterial pressure accurately reflect changes in CO has not been demonstrated. The authors studied the ability of VE-induced changes in arterial ...
Chan Paul K S PK Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People's Republic of China. - - 2013
Human papillomavirus (HPV) 58 accounts for a notable proportion of cervical cancers in East Asia and parts of Latin America, but it is uncommon elsewhere. The reason for such ethnogeographical predilection is unknown. In our study, nucleotide sequences of E6 and E7 genes of 401 HPV58 isolates collected from 15 ...
Zabel Matthew M Neurosurgery Center for Research, Training and Education, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92354, - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) are two common pathologies associated with β-amyloid (Aβ) accumulation and inflammation in the brain; neither is well understood. The objective of this study was to evaluate human post-mortem brains from AD subjects with purely parenchymal pathology, and those with concomitant CAA (and ...
Zuckerman Neta S NS Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, - - 2013
Cancer-mediated immune dysfunction contributes to tumor progression and correlates with patient outcome. Metastasis to tumor draining lymph nodes (TDLNs) is an important step in breast cancer progression and is used to predict patient outcome and survival. Although lymph nodes are important immune organs, the role of immune cells in TDLNs ...
Ridilla Marc M Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, 240 South Martin Jischke Drive, West Lafayette, IN 47906, - - 2012
Members of the calcium/cation antiporter superfamily, including the cardiac sodium/calcium exchangers, are secondary active transporters that play an essential role in cellular Ca(2+) homeostasis. A notable feature of this group of transporters is the high levels of sequence similarity in relatively short sequences constituting the functionally important α-1 and α-2 ...
Cooper Tanna - - 2012
Purpose The impact of a collaborative drug therapy management (CDTM) agreement enabling pharmacist-managed direct thrombin inhibitor (DTI) therapy was evaluated. Methods A retrospective chart review was conducted to compare selected outcome measures between cohorts of adults who received argatroban or bivalirudin therapy for suspected heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) before (n = ...
Lee Ruth-Ann - - 2012
Purpose Current trends in immunosuppressive therapies for renal transplant recipients are reviewed. Summary The common premise for immunosuppressive therapies in renal transplantation is to use multiple agents to work on different immunologic targets. The use of a multidrug regimen allows for pharmacologic activity at several key steps in the T-cell ...
Brushwood David B - - 2012
Case Law is intended to provide pharmacists with timely information about recent court decisions that may affect pharmacy practice. Each installment includes pertinent background information, excerpts from the opinion of the court, and brief commentary. The contributing editor for the section is David B. Brushwood, B. Pharm., J.D., Professor, Pharmaceutical ...
Oji Valerie - - 2012
Purpose Privileges for administering nonvaccine injectable medications among pharmacists in the United States were assessed. Methods An e-mail inquiry on specific protocols for the administration of injectables was sent to the state boards of pharmacy (BOPs) for all 50 states and the District of Columbia that had a valid e-mail ...
Kwiatkowski Jennifer L - - 2012
Purpose The stability of i.v. acetaminophen beyond the manufacturer-recommended usage limit of six hours for opened vials was evaluated. Methods Intravenous acetaminophen (10 mg/mL) was obtained. Three identical samples of 100 mg (10 mL in a 10-mL syringe), 250 mg (25 mL in a 30-mL syringe), 500 mg (50 mL ...
Bremer Paul T PT Department of Chemistry, The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, United - - 2012
We challenged the performance of our previous heroin vaccine with a similar vaccine containing a more hydrolytically stable hapten analogue and a Th1 adjuvant (CpG ODN). Our results indicate that the elements of our previous vaccine are essential for its anti-heroin potency, i.e., a chemically labile hapten and an exclusively ...
Hutchison Marissa - - 2012
Purpose The results of a survey to determine reasons for the slow adoption of prescribing authority by hospital pharmacists in the Canadian province of Alberta are presented. Methods A Web-based survey was conducted to elucidate pharmacist perspectives on additional prescribing authorization (APA), which permits independent prescribing by Alberta pharmacists who ...
Bai Yang - - 2012
ZnO nanowire networks featuring excellent charge transport and light scattering properties are grown in situ in thin TiO(2) films, as reported by Lianzhou Wang and co-workers on page 5850. The resultant TiO(2) /ZnO composites, used as photoanodes, remarkably enhance the overall conversion efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) by 26.9%, ...
Kota Arun K - - 2012
Hierarchically structured, superoleophobic surfaces displaying one of the lowest contact angle hysteresis ever reported are developed by Anish Tuteja and co-workers on page 5838. These surfaces allow droplets of the extremely low surface tension liquid, n-heptane, to bounce and roll off at tilt angles ≤ 2°.
Kennedy Scott D SD Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14642, United - - 2012
The RNA duplex, (5'GACGAGUGUCA)(2), has two conformations in equilibrium. The nuclear magnetic resonance solution structure reveals that the major conformation of the loop, 5'GAGU/3'UGAG, is novel and contains two unusual Watson-Crick/Hoogsteen GG pairs with G residues in the syn conformation, two A residues stacked on each other in the center ...
Kamski L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates of male and female physicians are about 3-5 times higher compared with the general public. Detailed studies about medical student suicides in the United States exist but similar current data from German speaking countries are lacking. METHODS: In this study suicide among medical students in Germany, Austria ...
Kang Se-Chan - - 2012
It has been reported that Astragalus membranaceus, an Asian traditional herb, has an estrogenic effect in vitro. To examine the possible role of A. membranaceus extract with supplemental calcium (Ca) on bone status in calcium-deficient (LCa) ovariectomized (OVX) rats, a total of 48 female rats were divided into six groups: ...
- - 2012
This report summarizes current (as of 2011) guidelines or recommendations published by multiple agencies of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) for prevention and control of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and tuberculosis (TB) for persons who use drugs illicitly. It ...
Allen Allyssa J - - 2012
Estrogen may influence coronary heart disease risk in women through the effects of endogenous opioids on autonomic control of blood pressure. In a randomized, placebo-controlled trial, we examined the combined effects of estrogen and the opioid antagonist, naltrexone, on blood pressure responses to psychological stress in 42 postmenopausal women. After ...
Maschmann J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy, appropriateness and cost-effectiveness of a new working shift model for anesthesiologists complying with the European working time directive (EWTD) at the University Hospital of Tübingen (UKT), Germany 3 years after implementation BACKGROUND: Applying the standards of the EWTD is ...
- - 2012
In 1988, the World Health Assembly launched the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) and, in 2012, declared the completion of polio eradication a programmatic emergency for global public health. To date, wild poliovirus (WPV) cases reported worldwide in 2012 are at historically low levels. Nigeria is one of only three ...
Millstone Noah - - 2012
This essay is an expanded set of comments on the social psychology papers written for the special issue on History and Social Psychology. It considers what social psychology, and particularly the theory of social representations, might offer historians working on similar problems, and what historical methods might offer social psychology. ...
Mise Yoshihiro - - 2012
In liver surgery, understanding the complicated liver structures and a detailed evaluation of the functional liver remnant volume are essential to perform safe surgical procedures. Recent advances in imaging technology have enabled operation planning using three-dimensional (3D) image-processing software. Virtual liver resection systems provide (1) 3D imaging of liver structures, ...
Ma Alison Lap-Tak - - 2012
Lupus vasculopathy (LV) is one of the complications of lupus nephritis. No definite therapy has been recommended for the management of LV, and patient outcomes are variable. We present the case of a 16-year-old girl who recovered from stage V chronic kidney disease due to lupus nephritis with vasculopathy with ...
- - 2012
Beverages marketed as energy drinks have become a popular form of caffeine consumption targeted at young males, with some brands containing the caffeine equivalent of 1-3 cups of coffee or cans of soda. Energy drinks also include other ingredients intended to boost physical energy or mental alertness, such as herbal ...
Suzuki Hiroko - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the antialbuminuric and antihypertensive effects of aliskiren by monitoring home blood pressure (BP) in comparison with the effects of the angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) valsartan in patients with hypertensive nephrosclerosis and albuminuria. METHODS: We conducted an open-label, randomized trial to compare ...
- - 2012
Hurricane Sandy made landfall as a post-tropical cyclone along the coast of southern New Jersey on Monday, October 29, 2012. In the wake of Sandy, state and federal public health agencies have observed an increase in the number of exposures to carbon monoxide (CO) reported to poison centers. CO is ...
Abdel Samie A - - 2012
Spontaneous small-bowel hematomas most commonly involve the jejunum, followed by the ileum and duodenum, and occur in patients who receive excessive anticoagulation with phenprocoumon/warfarin or who have additional risk factors for bleeding.We report three cases of intramural small-bowel hematoma, all complications of treatment with phenprocoumon, which nowadays is used extensively ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >