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Menezes Rodrigo C - - 2013
An accurate diagnosis of infection by Leishmania infantum in dogs is fundamental for the control of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (VL). Histopathology (HP) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) are frequently used for the histological diagnosis of L. infantum in dogs but have shown limited accuracy. To improve the sensitivity and specificity of the ...
Cui Zining - - 2012
A novel series of 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives containing 5-phenyl-2-furan moiety were synthesized from the intermediates diacylhydrazine 3 and acylhydrazone 5 via an efficient approach under microwave irradiation in good yields. Their structures were characterized by IR, 1H NMR, and elemental analysis. The antifungal tests indicated that the title compounds showed in ...
Shi Zhongcheng Z Texas A&M University Health Science Center, Houston, Texas 77030, - - 2012
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are key molecular sensors used by the mammalian innate immune system to detect microorganisms. Although TLR functions in colonic immune homeostasis and tolerance to commensal bacteria have been intensively researched, the precise roles of different TLRs in response to pathogen infection in the gut remain elusive. Peyer ...
Sharma Geeta G Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado,School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA. - - 2013
Addition of newly generated neurons into mature neural circuits in the adult CNS responds to changes in neurotransmitter levels and is tightly coupled to the activity of specific brain regions. This postnatal neurogenesis contributes to plasticity of the olfactory bulb and hippocampus and is thought to play a role in ...
Watanabe Tsunamasa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have demonstrated that genetic polymorphisms near the IL28B gene are associated with the clinical outcome of pegylated interferon α (peg-IFN-α) plus ribavirin therapy for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV). However, it is unclear whether genetic variations near the IL28B gene influence hepatic interferon (IFN)-stimulated gene ...
Hosseinzadeh Somayeh - - 2012
Context: For many years it has been known that lead is life-threatening, not only as an air pollutant but also because of it has been associated with several conditions including neurodegenerative disease. Curcumin (the principal curcuminoid found in turmeric) has demonstrated potent antioxidant properties. Objective: We investigated neuroprotective effects of ...
Froehler Michael T - - 2012
A young woman with factor V Leiden thrombophilia presented with headache due to thrombosis of the right transverse sinus (TS) and superior sagittal sinus. Despite appropriate anticoagulation, she experienced worsening headache, progressive neurologic deficits and spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. Endovascular therapy was therefore undertaken. A 6 mm Solitaire FR device was ...
Tsutani Y - - 2012
BackgroundTo select optimal candidates for extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP), we retrospectively evaluated the usefulness of metabolic response by fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy to predict prognosis for patients with resectable malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) who underwent EPP in a multicenter study.Patients and methodsWe carried out high-resolution CT (HRCT) ...
Perkey Eric E Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan College of Literature, Science and the Arts, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2012
Previous in vitro studies showed that CD4 T cells from old mice have defects in TCR signaling, immune synapse formation, activation, and proliferation. We reported that removing a specific set of surface glycoproteins by ex vivo treatment with O-sialoglycoprotein endopeptidase (OSGE) can reverse many aspects of the age-related decline in ...
Corcione Francesco - - 2012
Abstract Introduction: Laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) is seldom used for gastric cancer because the complex vascularization and lymphatic drainage makes lymphadenectomy and esophagojejunal anastomosis difficult and requires special skills. Our aim was to demonstrate the feasibility and accuracy of LTG in gastric cancer with D2 lymphadenectomy. Material and methods: Eighty-eight ...
Huh Dongeun D Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2012
Preclinical drug development studies currently rely on costly and time-consuming animal testing because existing cell culture models fail to recapitulate complex, organ-level disease processes in humans. We provide the proof of principle for using a biomimetic microdevice that reconstitutes organ-level lung functions to create a human disease model-on-a-chip that mimics ...
Cavallo Carola - - 2012
Bone marrow is one of the best characterized stem cell microenvironment that contains Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs). MSCs have been indicated as a new option for regenerative medicine because of their ability to differentiate into bone, cartilage and adipose tissues. However, in vitro-cultivation of MSCs could be associated with some ...
Bellenchi Gian Carlo - - 2012
Research on stem cells has developed as one of the most promising areas of neurobiology. In the beginning of the 1990s, neurogenesis in the adult brain was indisputably accepted, eliciting great research efforts. Neural stem cells in the adult mammalian brain are located in the "neurogenic" areas of the subventricular ...
Kaur Mandeep M Department of Pharmacology, Dartmouth Medical School, Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, - - 2013
The control of normal cell growth is a balance between stimulatory and inhibitory signals. MYC is a pleiotropic transcription factor that both activates and represses a broad range of target genes and is indispensable for cell growth. Whereas much is known about gene activation by MYC, there is no established ...
Li Fei - - 2012
The present study characterized the receptor-dependent regulation of dendrite formation of noradrenaline (NA) and dopamine (DA) in cultured neurons obtained from embryonic day 16 rat cerebral cortex. Morphological diversity of cortical dendrites was analyzed on various features: dendrite initiation, dendrite outgrowth and dendrite branching. Using a combination of immunocytochemical markers ...
Lundin Fredrik - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In a previous study we found significantly decreased N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) and total N-acetyl (tNA) groups in the thalamus of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) compared with healthy individuals (HI). No significant difference between the groups could be found in the frontal deep white matter (FDWM). OBJECTIVE: ...
Tan Bin - - 2012
Formation on demand: An organocatalytic cross-coupling reaction of aldehydes with N-hydroxyimides, hexafluoroisopropyl alcohol, and sulfonimides has been developed. The resulting active intermediates can be directly converted into amides or esters in one pot. This simple method makes use of readily available starting materials, and the newly discovered activating reagents should ...
Paragliola Rosa Maria - - 2012
Background: Post-partum thyroiditis (PPT) is characterized by the development of post-partum thyroid dysfunction which may occur up to 12 months after delivery. The syndrome usually presents with transient thyrotoxicosis, followed by transient hypothyroidism. The association of this condition with resistance to thyroid hormones (RTH) has never been described. Patient findings: ...
Wei Changshuai C Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, - - 2013
Common complex diseases are likely influenced by the interplay of hundreds, or even thousands, of genetic variants. Converging evidence shows that genetic variants with low marginal effects (LMEs) play an important role in disease development. Despite their potential significance, discovering LME genetic variants and assessing their joint association on high-dimensional ...
Ortogero Nicole - - 2012
Mammalian genomes encode a large number of small non-coding RNAs (sncRNAs) that play regulatory roles during development and adulthood by means of affecting gene expression. Several sncRNA species, including microRNAs (miRNAs), piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), endogenous small interfering RNAs (endo-siRNAs) and small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) have been identified to be abundantly ...
Tan Ik L - - 2012
To characterize clinical features, neuroimaging, and outcomes of herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) in immunocompromised individuals. We performed a retrospective case control review of patients diagnosed with HSE. Adult patients were dichotomized into immunocompromised (n = 14) and immunocompetent groups (n = 15). Fewer immunocompromised patients presented with prodromal symptoms and ...
Yin Yan - - 2012
Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are valuable reagents for efficient gene silencing in a sequence‑specific manner via the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway. The current synthetic siRNA structure consists of symmetrical duplexes of 19‑21 base pairs (bp) with 2 nucleotide (nt) 3' overhangs. In this study, we report that an asymmetric siRNA (asiRNA) consisting of ...
Yoshizawa Yuta - - 2012
The recently emerged concept of "vessel normalization" implies that judicious blockade of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling may transiently "normalize" the tumor vasculature, making it more suitable for tumor disposition of subsequently administered drugs. In this study, therefore, the effect of pre-treatment with SU5416, a selective VEGF receptor-2 inhibitor, ...
Horsburgh Avril - - 2012
Background:Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a condition of raised cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure with normal ventricular size. Although the pathogenesis of IIH remains controversial, increased CSF formation may be important. We hypothesised that if increased CSF formation was an aetiologic factor, it might result in a macroscopic increase in size ...
Bahce Idris - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether, in patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC),  tumor uptake of [(11)C]erlotinib can be quantified and imaged using positron emission tomography, and to assess whether the level of tracer uptake corresponds with the presence of activating tumor epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Ten ...
Cheng Liang - - 2012
Upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs), particularly lanthanide-doped nanocrystals, which emit high energy photons under excitation by the near-infrared (NIR) light, have found potential applications in many different fields, including biomedicine. Compared with traditional down-conversion fluorescence imaging, the NIR light excited upconversion luminescence (UCL) imaging relying on UCNPs exhibits improved tissue penetration depth, ...
Dighe Shashi Uttam - - 2012
A copper-catalyzed efficient one step three component strategy for preparing a library of aminoindolizino[8,7-b]indoles from N-substituted 1-formyl-9H-β-carbolines, secondary amines and substituted alkynes with high atom economy has been developed.
Chao Tzu-Chiao - - 2012
Over the last decades microfabricated bioanalytical platforms have gained enormous interest due to their potential to revolutionize biological analytics. Their popularity is based on several key properties, such as high flexibility of design, low sample consumption, rapid analysis time and minimization of manual handling steps, which are also of particular ...
Portillo María Eugenia - - 2013
Biofilm removal efficacy of vortexing alone was compared with the standard vortexing-sonication procedure. Among 135 removed prostheses, 35 were diagnosed with infection and 100 with aseptic failure. At a cutoff of ≥ 50 CFU/ml, sonication was more sensitive than vortexing (60% versus 40%, P = 0.151), while the specificity was ...
Ilori Titilayo O TO Emory Univ. Renal Division, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2013
The regulation of the inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) urea transporters (UT-A1, UT-A3) and aquaporin-2 (AQP2) and their interactions in diabetic animals is unknown. We investigated whether the urine concentrating defect in diabetic animals was a function of AQP2, the UT-As, or both transporters. UT-A1/UT-A3 knockout (UT-A1/A3 KO) mice produce ...
van Vollenhoven Ronald F - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of long-term safety of rituximab in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Pooled observed case analysis of data from patients with moderate-to-severe, active RA treated with rituximab in a global clinical trial programme. RESULTS: As of September 2010, 3194 patients had received up to 17 rituximab courses over 9.5 years ...
Tanvetyanon T - - 2012
BackgroundSome reports suggest that patients with synchronous multiple foci of nonsmall-cell lung cancers (NSCLC) distributed in multiple lobes have a poor prognosis, even when there is no extrathoracic metastasis. The vast majority of such patients do not receive surgical treatment. For those who undergo surgery, prognostic factors are unclear.Patients and ...
Valentine Laura L Division of Experimental Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94110, - - 2012
Persistent viral infection is often associated with dysfunctional immune responses against unrelated pathogens. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) can establish acute or chronic infections in mice and is widely used as a model for persistent virus infections in humans. Mice infected with LCMV develop a transient defect in Ag-specific immunity against ...
Gantar Miroslav - - 2012
Abstract C-phycocyanin (C-PC) from Spirulina has been previously shown to have anticancer properties. Here, we report on anticancer activity of C-PC that was isolated from the novel cyanobacterium Limnothrix sp. 37-2-1. C-PC from this organism exhibited anticancer properties in our in vitro systems; however, the required doses were well above ...
Capron Arnaud - - 2013
Fibre properties and the biochemical composition of cell walls are important traits in many applications. For example, the lengths of fibres define the strength and quality of paper, and lignin content is a critical parameter for the use of biomass in biofuel production. Identifying genes controlling these traits is comparatively ...
Onishi Mami - - 2012
Studies of physician-nurse relationships have focused mainly on nurses' perceptions. Few studies have explored physicians' perceptions and related factors. This study had two aims: to describe physicians' perceptions of physician-nurse collaboration in Japan by focusing on attitudes toward collaboration and collaborative practice and to examine the effect of physicians' experiences ...
Martina Pablo - - 2013
A total of 120 Burkholderia cepacia complex isolates collected during 2004-2010 from 66 patients in two cystic fibrosis reference centers in Argentina were analyzed. Burkholderia contaminans was the species most frequently recovered (57.6%), followed by Burkholderia cenocepacia (15%), a species distribution not reported so far. The recA-PCR-based techniques applied to ...
Vazquez Alexei A Center for Systems Biology and Department of Radiation Oncology, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, - - 2013
Previous studies have documented the roles of transport via the reduced folate carrier, retention via polyglutamylation, and increased levels of the target enzyme, dihydrofolate reductase in sensitivity to methotrexate. Recent studies have shown that the mitochondrial enzymes in the cellular metabolism of serine, folate, and glycine are overexpressed in a ...
Yan Lifen - - 2012
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to observe the photolysis and recombination of a new EPR-silent CO-inhibited form of α-H195Q nitrogenase from Azotobacter vinelandii. Photolysis at 4 K reveals a strong negative IR difference band at $\tilde {\nu}$=1938 cm(-1) , along with a weaker negative feature at 1911 cm(-1) . These bands ...
Penkett Clive S - - 2012
Upon irradiation with UV light, an arenyl dienol was transformed into linear and angular meta photocycloadducts and ortho derived photoadducts. Extended exposure to UV radiation resulted in the formation of other degradation products, which shed light on the chemical processes taking place. One of the linear meta photocycloadducts was thermally ...
Sonar Prashant - - 2012
A fluorenone based alternating copolymer () with a furan based fused aromatic moiety has been designed and synthesized. exhibits a small band gap with a lower HOMO value. Testing this polymer semiconductor as the active layer in organic thin-film transistors results in hole mobilities as high as 0.15 cm(2) V(-1) ...
Tavalaee M - - 2012
Integrity of the sperm membrane, of which phosphatidyl serine (PS) plays a central role, is essential for fertilization. The externalisation of PS (EPS) occurs during capacitation and the acrosome reaction. EPS, from the inner to the outer membrane, is considered as a sign of early apoptosis. Therefore, EPS may have ...
Ariosa Aileen R - - 2013
During cotranslational protein targeting by the signal recognition particle (SRP), information about signal sequence binding in the SRP's M domain must be effectively communicated to its GTPase domain to turn on its interaction with the SRP receptor (SR) and thus deliver the cargo proteins to the membrane. A universally conserved ...
Sacristán R Del Pozo - - 2012
The efficacy of chlortetracycline (CTC) in-feed medication to treat pigs with clinical respiratory disease was investigated in a farrow-to-finish pig herd infected with Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, and with clinical respiratory disease in growing pigs. In total, 533 pigs were included. The animals were vaccinated against M hyopneumoniae and porcine circovirus type ...
Gronseth Gary S GS Department of Neurology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, - - 2012
To review evidence published since the 2001 American Academy of Neurology (AAN) practice parameter regarding the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of steroids and antiviral agents for Bell palsy. We searched Medline and the Cochrane Database of Controlled Clinical Trials for studies published since January 2000 that compared facial functional outcomes ...
Romilly Cédric - - 2012
The endoribonuclease III (RNase III) belongs to the enzyme family known to process double-stranded RNAs. Staphylococcus aureus RNase III was shown to regulate, in concert with the quorum sensing induced RNAIII, the degradation of several mRNAs encoding virulence factors and the transcriptional repressor of toxins Rot. Two of the mRNA-RNAIII ...
Mitchell Leah A LA Department of Clinical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, - - 2012
Vaccine adjuvant-induced inflammation augments vaccine immunity in part by recruiting APCs to vaccine draining lymph nodes (LNs). However, the role of one APC subtype, inflammatory monocytes, in regulating vaccine immunity in healthy animals has not been fully examined in detail. Therefore, vaccine-mediated monocyte recruitment and subsequent immune responses were investigated ...
Anthimidou Eleni - - 2012
Abstract The antibacterial activity of 31 Greek and Cypriot honeys against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was initially screened using an agar-well diffusion assay in comparison with manuka honey. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined in broth using a spectrophotometric-based assay. The MIC of treated honeys with catalase or ...
Hean Sarah - - 2012
Theory is essential to understand our interprofessional educational (IPE) practice. As a discipline, IPE has moved from being widely atheoretical to having a plethora of theories imported from the psychosocial disciplines that have utility to understand, articulate and improve IPE practice and evaluation. This paper proposes that when taking this ...
Pitcher David - - 2012
Cortical regions that respond preferentially to particular object categories, such as faces and bodies, are essential for visual perception of these object categories. However, precisely when these regions play a causal role in recognition of their preferred categories is unclear. Here we addressed this question using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). ...
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