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Lohne Jack J - - 2012
Veterinary drug residue analysis of meat and seafood products is an important part of national regulatory agency food safety programs to ensure that consumers are not exposed to potentially dangerous substances. Complex tissue matrices often require lengthy extraction and analysis procedures to identify improper animal drug treatment. Direct and rapid ...
Nour Hany F - - 2012
Over the past few decades, bacterial resistance to antibiotics has emerged as a real threat to human health. Accordingly, there is an urgent demand for the development of innovative strategies for discovering new antibiotics. We present the first use of tetra-carbohydrazide cyclophane macrocycles in dynamic combinatorial chemistry (DCC) and molecular ...
Yamaguchi Yoshiki - - 2012
A central issue in glycan mass analysis is the ambiguity of structural assignments due to the heterogeneity and complexity of glycan structures. Ion mobility mass spectrometry (IM-MS) has the potential to separate isomeric glycans depending on their unique collisional cross section especially when coupled with hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC). ...
He Bo - - 2012
CO(2) 'clumped-isotope' measurements (tracking enrichment of (16) O(13) C(18) O, reported as ∆(47) values, on CO(2) derived from carbonate minerals or the atmosphere) are becoming central to a wide range of geochemical investigations. We present a novel approach to address problems with instrument stability, external precision, and the analysis of ...
Prandi Barbara - - 2012
Non-specific lipid transfer proteins (ns-LTPs) are major food allergens of the Rosaceae family. The severity of allergic reactions often relates to resistance of the allergen to digestion. Thus, it is important to evaluate the digestibility of these proteins and characterise the peptides generated in the gastrointestinal tract. Simulated gastrointestinal digestion ...
Suviolahti Elina - - 2012
Global immunosuppression can be measured by assessing adenosine triphospate (ATP) levels in mitogen-stimulated CD4+ T cells. We investigated the effect of storage time on ATP levels in 234 blood samples from 18 healthy individuals and 152 transplant patients. The difference between day 0 (<13 hours post-blood draw) and day 1 ...
Willey Jeffrey S - - 2013
Little is known regarding radiation effects on adult articular (joint) cartilage, though joint damage has been reported following cancer treatment or occupational exposures. The aim of this study was to determine if radiation can reduce cartilage matrix production, induce cartilage degradation, or interfere with the anabolic effects of IGF-1. Isolated ...
Leung Wai-Hang WH Laboratory of Immunogenetics, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD, - - 2013
The strength of the Ag receptor signal influences development and negative selection of B cells, and it might also affect B-cell survival and selection in the GC. Here, we have used mice with B-cell-specific deletion of the 5'-inositol phosphatase SHIP as a model to study affinity selection in cells that ...
Mayumi Nobuko - - 2013
Human skin contains the following two distinct DC subsets: (i) Langerhans cells (LCs), expressing Langerin but not DC-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing nonintegrin (DC-SIGN), are predominantly localized in the epidermis; and (ii) dermal DCs, expressing DC-SIGN but not Langerin, are observed mainly in the dermis. It is not known whether localization ...
Yu Dezhi D Department of Materials, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, - - 2013
Using a suite of biophysical tools, we assess the mechanical, structural, and functional properties of microtubules (MTs) stabilized by the chemotherapeutic compounds epothilone-A, epothilone-B, and taxol in vitro. We demonstrate that MTs stabilized by epothilone-A or epothilone-B are competent to bind tau proteins and support kinesin translocation. Kinesin speed is ...
Matveeva Tatiana V - - 2012
Genes can be transferred horizontally between prokaryotes and eukaryotes in nature. The best-studied examples occur between Agrobacterium rhizogenes and certain Nicotiana spp. To investigate possible additional cases of horizontal gene transfer in nature between Agrobacterium and plants, a real-time polymerase chain reaction-based approach was employed to screen 127 plant species, ...
De Luca Giuseppe - - 2012
Mean platelet volume (MPV) has been correlated with platelet reactivity, thus its changes might be used to monitor the effects of antiplatelet therapy. However, no data have been reported on platelet remodelling after antiplatelet therapy. The aim of the current study was to investigate the short-term effects of oral antiplatelet ...
Weissburg Marc - - 2012
Blue crabs can distinguish and navigate to attractive (food) odors even when aversive odors (injured crab metabolites) are released nearby. Blue crabs in these conditions detect the aversive odor and avoid it, but find the attractive source with nearly the same success rate as when the attractive source is presented ...
Nagle Deborah - - 2012
: New ileostomates face significant physical and psychological adaptations. Despite advanced resources, such as wound, ostomy, and continence nurses, we observed a high readmission rate for dehydration among patients with new ileostomies. : Our goal was to create a pathway to reduce readmission and facilitate patient education and well-being. : ...
Goodfellow L M - - 2012
Goodfellow L.M., Macduff C., Leslie G., Copeland S., Nolfi D. & Blackwood D. (2012) Nurse scholars' knowledge and use of electronic theses and dissertations. International Nursing Review Background:  Electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) are a valuable resource for nurse scholars worldwide. ETDs and digital libraries offer the potential to radically ...
Munoz Javier - - 2012
Inherited dysfibrinogenemia is a rare disorder caused by mutations in the fibrinogen gene, described in approximately 400 families to date. We present the case of a 20-year-old woman at 7 weeks of pregnancy with a history of two first-trimester spontaneous abortions and a family history of thrombotic events. Her testing ...
Chipps Bradley E - - 2012
Patients with severe or difficult-to-treat asthma account for substantial asthma morbidity, mortality, and healthcare burden despite comprising only a small proportion of the total asthma population. TENOR, a multicenter, observational, prospective cohort study was initiated in 2001. It enrolled 4,756 adults, adolescents and children with severe or difficult-to-treat asthma who ...
Yamada Naoyuki - - 2012
: We have previously shown that the fibronectin-derived peptide PHSRN (Pro-His-Ser-Arg-Asn) promotes corneal epithelial wound healing in vivo. We have now examined the clinical efficacy of eye drops containing the PHSRN peptide for treatment of persistent epithelial defects (PEDs) of the cornea. : Seven patients (5 men and 2 women; ...
László J F - - 2012
We investigated the effect of homogeneous and inhomogeneous static magnetic field (SMF) exposure on the thermal nociceptive threshold of snail in the hot plate test (43 °C). Both homogeneous (hSMF) and inhomogeneous (iSMF) SMF increased the thermo-nociceptive threshold: 40.2%, 29.2%, or 41.7% after an exposure of 20, 30, or 40 ...
Ali Kashif - - 2012
The identification of active ingredients in crude plant extracts offers great advantages. In this study, nuclear magnetic resonance and chemometrics were used for the screening of in vitro anti-TNFα activity in different berry types. Solid phase extraction was applied and the resulting water, methanol-water (1:1), and methanol fractions were tested ...
Takács Sz - - 2012
Male Wistar rats wearing chronically implanted cortical electrodes were exposed to Mn-containing nanoparticles via the airways for 8 weeks following a 2-week pre-exposure period. The rats' cortical electrical activity and open field motility was recorded simultaneously, in weekly repetitions. It was supposed that this technique can provide better insight in ...
Gong Ping - - 2012
New technologies in gene transfer combined with experimental embryology make the chicken embryo an excellent model system for gene function studies. The techniques of in ovo electroporation, in vitro culture for ex ovo electroporation and retrovirus-mediated gene transfer have already been fully developed in chicken. Yet to our knowledge, there ...
Shin Rumi - - 2012
: More than half of all rectal cancers are T3 lesions, but they are classified as a single-stage category. : The aim of this study was to validate prognostic significance of mesorectal extension depth in T3 rectal cancer. : This study is a retrospective analysis of oncologic outcomes of patients ...
Yildirim Tolga - - 2012
The aims of this study were to determine the serum antifactor Xa levels in patients with impaired glomerular filtration receiving low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs), monitor efficacy and complications during treatment, and determine the approach to dose adjustments of LMWH by using antifactor Xa levels in different levels of kidney dysfunction in ...
Cacciapuoti Federico - - 2012
Homocysteine (Hcy) is metabolized through two pathways, requiring folates and B6-12 vitamins as cofactors. Increased Hcy concentration is responsible for early atherosclerosis with possible acute cardiovascular events. Ample evidence has demonstrated that Hcy lowering with folic acid and B vitamin supplementation, even if reduces Hcy serum levels, is unable to ...
Kiss Caroline M - - 2012
A nutrition support algorithm is an operational version of a guideline that is adapted to local requirements and easy to apply in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of implementing a nutrition support algorithm on nutrition care outcomes in an intensive care unit (ICU) ...
Naz Ruphi - - 2012
An efficient and reproducible protocol for in vitro multiplication of Bauhinia tomentosa L. was developed. Multiple shoots were regenerated from cotyledonary node and stem nodal segments excised from in vitro raised seedlings on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with different concentrations (0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.8 and 1.0 μM) of ...
Weis Stephen E - - 2012
: High-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia, the putative anal carcinoma precursor, is more common in HIV-infected persons. The ideal treatment for these lesions has not been established. : The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of infrared coagulation treatment for high-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia. : This is a ...
Tan Ker-Kan - - 2012
: The ideal surgery following seton insertion for high anal fistulas remains debatable. : This study aimed to compare the success between the endorectal advancement flap and the ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract techniques as the definitive procedure following seton placement. : This study is a retrospective review. : This ...
Botanga Christopher J - - 2012
The interaction between the pathogenic ascomycete Alternaria brassicicola and Arabidopsis was investigated by metabolite profiling. The effect of A. brassicicola challenge on metabolite levels was substantial, with nearly 50% of detected compounds undergoing significant changes. Mutations blocking ethylene, jasmonic acid, or ethylene signaling had little effect on metabolite levels. The ...
Calder Alyson - - 2012
The pediatric difficult airway can be unexpected, leading to significant morbidity and mortality. Standardized emergency airway equipment should be available on a regularly checked difficult airway trolley (DAT). We conducted a survey to investigate pediatric anesthetists' knowledge, experience, and confidence with the DAT. Members of the Association of Paediatric Anaesthetists ...
Balvers Michiel G J - - 2012
It is well established that dietary intake of n-3 fatty acids is associated with anti-inflammatory effects, and this has been linked to modulation of the oxylipin and endocannabinoid metabolomes. However, the amount of data on specific tissue effects is limited, and it is not known how inflammation affects this relation. ...
Prabhasawat Pinnita - - 2012
: To compare the efficacy of topical cyclosporine [0.05% cyclosporine A (CsA)] and preservative-free artificial tears in the treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). : A 3-month prospective, randomized, double-masked, parallel-group controlled trial enrolled 70 patients with symptomatic MGD and unstable tear film [tear breakup time (TBUT) <8 seconds]. Patients ...
Galgóczy L - - 2012
The mortality rates of fungal infections that affect the central nervous system are high in consequence of the absence of effective antifungal drugs with good penetration across the blood-brain barrier and the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier. In the present work in vitro antifungal activities of three good penetrating non-antifungal drugs (amantadine ...
McCormick P H - - 2012
: The IPAA has become established as the preferred technique for restoring intestinal continuity postproctocolectomy. The ideal pouch design has not been established. W-pouches may give better functional results owing to increased volume, whereas the J-pouch's advantage is its straightforward construction. We report short- and long-term results of an randomized ...
Brígido Clarisse - - 2012
Several molecular chaperones are known to be involved in bacteria stress response. To investigate the role of chaperone ClpB in rhizobia stress tolerance as well as in the rhizobia-plant symbiosis process, the clpB gene from a chickpea microsymbiont, strain Mesorhizobium ciceri LMS-1, was identified and a knockout mutant was obtained. ...
Amin Huma - - 2012
Aging is associated with increased levels of coagulation factors and decrease in natural anticoagulant factors. This strongly supports that age-related hypercoagulable state occurs in elderly. This study aimed to measure the plasma levels of coagulation factors and anticoagulant levels in young and elderly to observe the effect of age on ...
Romagny Sébastien - - 2012
It is now well established that prenatal sensory experience affects development itself and has long-term consequences in terms of postnatal behavior. This study focused on the functionality of the sensory system in cuttlefish in ovo. Embryos of stage 23, 25 and 30 received a tactile, chemical or visual stimulus. An ...
Byrne Michael - - 2012
The reversal of low-molecular-weight heparins, particularly at supratherapeutic levels, remains challenging. The paucity of literature available to guide the treatment of these patients makes their management difficult for primary care providers, surgeons, and subspecialists alike. We report the case of a 34-year-old woman, who intentionally overdosed on enoxaparin (Lovenox) in ...
Stamper Sarah A - - 2012
Recent studies have shown that central nervous system neurons in weakly electric fish respond to artificially constructed electrosensory envelopes, but the behavioral relevance of such stimuli is unclear. Here we investigate the possibility that social context creates envelopes that drive behavior. When Eigenmannia virescens are in groups of three or ...
Hsu Maylon - - 2012
: To evaluate the indications and outcomes of amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) performed within the first 2 weeks of presentation in the management of patients with acute Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). : A retrospective chart review from January 1998 to May 2011 identified 128 SJS/TEN patients ...
Ke Yuan-Nan - - 2012
Aims: ADVISE was a 12-week, multicenter, randomized, prospective, open-label, parallel-group study comparing combination therapy of nifedipine GITS 30 mg plus valsartan 80 mg (N + V) with high-dose valsartan (160 mg) monotherapy (V160) in Asian patients with hypertension. Methods: Patients with hypertension inadequately controlled with valsartan 80 mg for at least 4 weeks were randomized. The coprimary ...
Miskovic Danilo - - 2012
: The learning curve for laparoscopic colorectal surgery has not been conclusively analyzed. No reliable framework for case selection during training is available. : The aim of this study was to analyze thelength of the learning curve of laparoscopic colorectal surgeons and to recommend a case selectionframework at the early ...
Gordon Andrea L - - 2012
: To characterize the range of symptoms experienced by pregnant methadone-maintained (MM) and buprenorphine-maintained (BM) women to determine whether these differ from those experienced by a control group of nonopioid exposed pregnant women. Opioid-maintained (OM) patients report high rates of symptoms related to direct opioid effects and withdrawal. Pregnancy is ...
Damaser Margot S - - 2012
: Stimulation of the pudendal nerve or the anal sphincter could provide therapeutic options for fecal incontinence with little involvement of other organs. The goal of this project was to assess the effects of pudendal nerve and anal sphincter stimulation on bladder and anal pressures. : Ten virgin female Sprague ...
Bobbert Peter - - 2012
Dual antiplatelet medication with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and clopidogrel is the main therapy for patients with stable coronary vessel disease (CVD) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Despite platelet inhibition subgroups of patients have been shown to exhibit an increase of risk for adverse cardiovascular events. The aim of our study ...
Uematsu Dai - - 2012
: Only a limited number of instruments can be used in single-access laparoscopic colectomy, and triangulation must be forfeited to avoid instrument collision. We investigated whether this problem could be overcome by performing laparoscopic colectomy by the use of the lateral decubitus position, making full use of gravity. : The ...
Rahman A - - 2012
Cognitive impairment is a common feature of both lead exposure and hyperphosphorylation of tau. We, therefore, investigated whether lead exposure would induce tau hyperphosphorylation. Wistar rat pups were exposed to 0.2% lead acetate via their dams' drinking water from postnatal day 1 to 21. Lead in blood and brain were ...
Loutsidou Ariadni C - - 2012
The toxicity, in terms of changes in the DNA content, of two food preservatives, sodium nitrate and sodium benzoate was studied on the protozoan Tetrahymena pyriformis using DNA image analysis technology. For this purpose, selected doses of both food additives were administered for 2 h to protozoa cultures and DNA ...
Mallari Alexander O - - 2012
: Annual screening for anal cancer is recommended only for HIV patients at increased risk: men who have sex with men, individuals with a history of anogenital warts, and women with cervical dysplasia. : The aim of this study was to examine the screening outcomes between HIV populations with and ...
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