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Results 451 - 500 of 2098
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Karlsen Anna S - - 2012
Snap25 (synaptosomal-associated protein) is a 25 kDa protein, belonging to the SNARE-family (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors) of proteins, essential for synaptic and secretory vesicle exocytosis. Snap25 has by immunohistochemistry been demonstrated in the rat pineal gland but the biological importance of this is unknown. In this study, we demonstrate ...
Rønnestad B R - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two different methods of organizing endurance training in trained cyclists during a 12-week preparation period. One group of cyclists performed block periodization (BP; n = 8), wherein every fourth week constituted five sessions of high-intensity aerobic training (HIT), followed by 3 ...
Leto Laura - - 2012
Intravenous loop diuretics are widely used to treat the symptoms and signs of fluid overload in acute heart failure (AHF). Although diuretic therapy is widely used and strongly recommended by most recent clinical guidelines, prospective studies and randomized clinical trials are lacking and so reliable evidence is missing about the ...
Doncheva Snezhana - - 2012
The aim of the present work was to study the response of two sunflower genotypes (cultivated sunflower Helianthus annuus cv. 1114 and newly developed genotype H. annuus × Helianthus argophyllus) to Pb medium-term stress and the role of exogenously applied EDTA in alleviating Pb toxicity in hydroponics. Plant growth, morpho-anatomical characteristics of ...
Labat Frédéric - - 2012
We present periodic calculations carried out with Gaussian-type basis sets on a test set of 21 solids with nine exchange-correlation functionals, extending previous works performed with two parameter-free correlation functionals (TCA and revTCA) which showed promising results for molecules in terms of key structural and energetic properties. Two LDAs and ...
Gokay Nevzat Selim - - 2012
PURPOSE: Alterations in patellar height after high tibial osteotomy are found in many instances. Fibrosis of the tendon is implicated as the cause of the mechanism of patella lowering. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the position of the patella and the histopathological findings at the patellar tendon ...
Yoshino K - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors with age in the long-term prognosis of autotransplantation of teeth with complete root formation at dental clinics. Participating dentists were asked to provide information on transplantations they had undertaken from 1 January 1990 to 31 December 2010. Data on a ...
Turková Kristýna - - 2012
Eleven strains of Lactobacillus collected in the Culture Collection of Dairy Microorganisms (CCDM) were evaluated for selected probiotic properties such as survival in gastrointestinal fluids, antimicrobial activity, and competition with non-toxigenic Escherichia coli O157:H7 for adhesion on Caco-2 cells. The viable count of lactobacilli was reduced during 3-h incubation in ...
Delko T - - 2012
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the gold standard in bariatric surgery. The effect of the procedure is based on restriction, malabsorption and changes in hormonal axis. Ghrelin is an important appetite hormone which is produced mainly in the gastric fundus. By adding a resection of the gastric fundus, we hypothesized ...
Keane Sarah C - - 2012
Nonstructural protein (nsp) 3 is the largest of 16 nsps translated from the murine hepatitis virus (MHV) genome. The N-terminal most domain of nsp3, nsp3a, has been identified by reverse genetics as a likely binding partner of MHV nucleocapsid protein. Here we report the backbone and side chain resonance assignments ...
Reito Aleksi - - 2012
The prevalence of total hip arthroplasty in young patients is small but increasing. We analyzed the results of metal-on-metal hip resurfacing (MMHR) in patients aged 40 years or less. In total 74 operations were performed on 64 patients. Mean age at operation was 33.2 years. HHS averaged 92.3 points at latest follow-up, ...
Faddy H M - - 2012
Background and Objectives  In Australia, the risk of transfusion-transmitted malaria is managed through the identification of 'at-risk' donors, antibody screening enzyme-linked immunoassay (EIA) and, if reactive, exclusion from fresh blood component manufacture. Donor management depends on the duration of exposure in malarious regions (>6 months: 'Resident', <6 months: 'Visitor') or a history ...
Werth Martin - - 2012
The transformation from self-supporting lianas to host-supported climbing lianas is related to re-allocation of biomass and nutrients among plant organs. Therefore, first, variations in leaf mass per area (LMA), leaf carbon and nitrogen allocation and (13)C and (15)N natural abundances were analysed among three tropical Passiflora species (P. edulis, P. ...
Matranga Ariosto - - 2012
The photograph shows a polymer reflector that mimics the colour and underlying molecular structure of a golden beetle. It is formed from self-organizing layers of photopolymerised liquid crystal. These require an aligning layer, but we show that a layer of the material can be used as to self-align subsequent coatings, ...
Coenraads Pieter-Jan - - 2012
Hand eczema is an inflammation of the skin; the cause is often multifactorial. Initial management includes avoiding causative irritants or allergens (e.g., by wearing impermeable gloves) and applying emollients and potent topical glucocorticoids.
Parekh Rupal - - 2012
Background: Left ventricular Doppler-derived -dP/dt determined from the continuous-wave Doppler spectrum of the mitral regurgitation (MR) jet has been shown to be a valuable marker of diastolic function, but requires the presence of MR for its assessment. We sought to determine if a novel method of determining -dP/dt using the ...
Frey Benicio N - - 2012
Large-scale clinical and epidemiological studies suggest a link between bipolar disorder (BD) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). However, smaller studies using prospective charting failed to find this association. Here, we report three cases of individuals with BD and comorbid PMDD who responded successfully to adjunctive contraceptive agents in the management ...
Gündisch Sibylle - - 2012
The quality of human tissue specimens can have a significant impact on analytical data sets for biomarker research. The aim of this study was to characterise fluctuations of protein and phosphoprotein levels in human tissue samples during the pre-analytical phase. Eleven intestine and 17 liver specimens were surgically resected, aliquoted ...
Monfette Sebastien - - 2012
The new complex Ru(NCO)(2)(IMes)(py)(2)([double bond, length as m-dash]CHPh) is the first ruthenium metathesis initiator capable of fast, controlled living polymerization of functionalized norbornenes at room temperature, irrespective of monomer bulk.
Floeck M - - 2012
Abstract AIM: To evaluate the sonographic appearance, size, location and shape of the spleen in 60 healthy sheep. METHODS: A 7.5 MHz linear scanner was used to examine the location, extent and appearance of the spleen from the left side of the sheep, in intercostal spaces (ICS) 8-12 and caudal ...
Zhu Chengcheng - - 2012
Luminal stenosis is used for selecting the optimal management strategy for patients with carotid artery disease. The aim of this study is to evaluate the reproducibility of carotid stenosis quantification using manual and automated segmentation methods using submillimeter through-plane resolution Multi-Detector CT angiography (MDCTA). 35 patients having carotid artery disease ...
Harer K N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patients with eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) commonly have asthma and atopy. AIMS: To determine the predictive factors of EoE in patients with asthma. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a large database identified 156 asthma patients with EoE and 276 patients without EoE between 2000 and 2010. Clinical and laboratory characteristics ...
Bertolotti Jacopo - - 2012
Non-invasive optical imaging techniques, such as optical coherence tomography, are essential diagnostic tools in many disciplines, from the life sciences to nanotechnology. However, present methods are not able to image through opaque layers that scatter all the incident light. Even a very thin layer of a scattering material can appear ...
Ammar El-Sayed M - - 2012
Context: Doxorubicin (Dox) is an anthracycline antibiotic used as anticancer agent. However, its use is limited due to its cardiotoxicity which is mainly attributed to accumulation of reactive oxygen species. Objective: This study was conducted to assess whether the antioxidant, proanthocyanidins (Pro) can ameliorate Dox-induced cardiotoxicity in rats. Materials and ...
Kane Bronach - - 2012
Social representations in later medieval culture have attracted little attention amongst psychologists, pre-dating the development of the so-called 'public sphere' in the eighteenth century. In addition, the association of pre-modern societies with 'traditional' modes of communication in social psychology places implicit limits on areas that may be studied through the ...
Shan Jing - - 2012
Oral lichen planus (OLP) is generally accepted to be a T cell-mediated chronic inflammatory disease with an unclear pathogenesis. There have been numerous studies on the proliferation and apoptosis of T cells in situ. In contrast, research on the proliferation and apoptosis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in patients ...
Patil Ajay B - - 2012
Solvent extraction studies of actinide metal ions such as Am(iii), U(vi), Np(iv), Np(vi), Pu(iv) were carried out in a nitric acid medium using two diamides (L) viz. (DMDBTDMA (N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-dibutyl-2-tetradecylmalonamide) and DMDOHEMA (N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-dioctyl-2-(2'-(hexyloxy)ethyl)-malonamide) dissolved in different room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs). The use of RTILs as the diluent significantly enhanced metal ...
Ma Lianghong - - 2012
This study aimed to develop a modified technique for spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) transplantation with the aid of an operating microscope in an infertile mouse model. Male neonatal C57BL/6 (B6) mice served as SSC donors. SSCs labeled with the PKH26-GL marker were detected by flow cytometry to verify purity. Adult ...
Swami Viren - - 2012
In the present work, we examined associations between oppressive, sexist beliefs and consideration of cosmetic surgery for oneself and also endorsement of cosmetic surgery for one's romantic partner. A total of 554 German-speaking volunteers from the community, mainly in Austria, completed measures of consideration of cosmetic surgery and three measures ...
Demiraran Yavuz - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether levobupivacaine and tramadol wound infiltration decreases postoperative pain following Cesarean section and reduces the need for analgesics in the immediate post-delivery period. METHODS: Ninety patients (aged 18-40 years) scheduled for elective Cesarean section under general anesthesia were randomly allocated to ...
McCrory Cathal - - 2012
The present study examines whether breastfeeding is associated with neuro-developmental advantages at 9 months of age on a standardised measure of infant development in a large cohort study of Irish children. It is hypothesised that if breast-milk confers an independent benefit, infants who were never breastfed will have reached fewer ...
Naghavi Noora - - 2012
In an era of increased cardiovascular disease burden in the ageing population, there is great demand for devices that come in to contact with the blood such as heart valves, stents, and bypass grafts that offer life saving treatments. Nitric oxide (NO) elution from healthy endothelial tissue that lines the ...
Poolkhet C - - 2012
The aim of this study is to explain the social networks of the backyard chicken in Ratchaburi, Suphan Buri and Nakhon Pathom Provinces. In this study, we designed the nodes as groups of persons or places involved in activities relating to backyard chickens. The ties are all activities related to ...
Liu Yu - - 2012
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the factors related to quality of life for patients with type 2 diabetes with or without depressive symptoms in China. BACKGROUND: In patients with type 2 diabetes with or without depressive symptoms, different factors such as gender, social context or regional setting may affect their ...
Milde-Langosch Karin - - 2012
High proliferation rates are characteristic of cancer, and proliferation markers make up the majority of genes included in RNA-based prognostic gene signatures applied for breast cancer patients. Based on prior data on differences in molecular subgroups of breast cancer, we hypothesized that the significance of single proliferation markers might differ ...
Zeng Lin-Hong - - 2012
Four new compounds (+)-jasminoids A (1), B (2), C (3), and D (4), together with seven known compounds, were isolated from the roots of Jasminum sambac. Their structures were identified using spectroscopic methods. This study provides a better understanding to the chemical composition of J. sambac roots that have been ...
Bocahut Anthony - - 2013
Neuroglobin (Ngb) is a globin present in the brain and retina of mammals. This hexacoordinated hemoprotein binds small diatomic molecules, albeit with lower affinity compared with other globins. Another distinctive feature of most mammalian Ngb is their ability to form an internal disulfide bridge that increases ligand affinity. As often ...
Lenart Anna - - 2013
The present study aimed to identify the effect of heavy metal concentration and soil pH on the abundance of the selected soil microorganisms within ArcelorMittal Poland steelworks, Cracow. The analysis included 20 soil samples, where the concentration of Fe, Zn, Cd, Pb, Ni, Cu, Mn, Cr and soil pH were ...
Wilson Rosemary H C - - 2013
There is an extensive list of primary published work related to the nuclear matrix (NM). Here we review the aspects that are required to understand its relationship with DNA replication, while highlighting some of the difficulties in studying such a structure, and possible differences that arise from the choice of ...
Sittig Dean F - - 2012
Hospitals and clinics are adapting to new technologies and implementing electronic health records, but the efforts need to be aligned explicitly with goals for patient safety. EHRs bring the risks of both technical failures and inappropriate use, but they can also help to monitor and improve patient safety.
Corter Arden L - - 2013
Adjuvant endocrine therapy for early-stage breast cancer has greatly reduced the morbidity and mortality associated with breast cancer recurrence. Despite this, a significant proportion of women report fears of cancer recurrence. This study examined the associations between fear of cancer recurrence (FoR) and illness perceptions, medication beliefs, and treatment side ...
Koga Nobuyasu - - 2012
Unlike random heteropolymers, natural proteins fold into unique ordered structures. Understanding how these are encoded in amino-acid sequences is complicated by energetically unfavourable non-ideal features--for example kinked α-helices, bulged β-strands, strained loops and buried polar groups--that arise in proteins from evolutionary selection for biological function or from neutral drift. Here ...
Hassan Hanaa A - - 2013
The present study aims to investigate the heptonephro-protective effect of grape seeds proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) against the risks induced by gibberellic acid (GA3) in male rats. The results recorded that GA3 caused a significant increase in total lipids, total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL-C levels in serum, concomitant with a significant ...
Chaganti S - - 2012
Among 101 feet that presented with symptoms and signs similar to Morton's neuroma, intermetatarsal rheumatoid nodules were found in five feet (three patients). Two patients had bilateral involvement. Histology of the excised tissue showed the presence of a rheumatoid nodule and Morton's neuroma in four feet and a rheumatoid nodule with unremarkable ...
Chapman Colin D - - 2012
One of the most challenging problems facing modern medicine is how to deliver a given drug to a specific target at the exclusion of other regions. For example, a variety of compounds have beneficial effects within the central nervous system (CNS), but unwanted side effects in the periphery. For such ...
Wakita S - - 2013
Gene mutations were found in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and their importance has been noted. To clarify the importance and stability of mutations, we examined gene mutations in paired samples at diagnosis and relapse of 34 adult AML patients. Five acquired gene mutations were detected at relapse. Of the 45 ...
Nielsen Sune F - - 2012
A reduction in the availability of cholesterol may limit the cellular proliferation required for cancer growth and metastasis. We tested the hypothesis that statin use begun before a cancer diagnosis is associated with reduced cancer-related mortality. We assessed mortality among patients from the entire Danish population who had received a ...
Bortolini Michele - - 2013
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-α and -γ agonists, fibrates and glitazones, are effective treatments for dyslipidemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus, respectively, but exhibit class-related, as well as compound-specific safety characteristics. This article reviews the profiles of PPAR-α, PPAR-γ, and dual PPAR-α/γ agonists with regard to class-related and compound-specific efficacy ...
Thrasher James - - 2012
In the United States, black/African American individuals are more likely than whites to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and have higher rates of complications, but are under-represented in clinical trials. The design of a trial comparing the efficacy and safety of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor linagliptin 5 mg/day ...
Nayagam Bryony Ariya - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Stem cells have been touted as a potential source of replacement cells for the treatment of severe-to-profoundly deaf individuals, including possible combined therapy with a cochlear implant. The success of such a therapy is dependent on a number of factors, but of critical importance is the functional incorporation of ...
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