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Results 451 - 500 of 2099
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Poolkhet C - - 2012
The aim of this study is to explain the social networks of the backyard chicken in Ratchaburi, Suphan Buri and Nakhon Pathom Provinces. In this study, we designed the nodes as groups of persons or places involved in activities relating to backyard chickens. The ties are all activities related to ...
Liu Yu - - 2012
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the factors related to quality of life for patients with type 2 diabetes with or without depressive symptoms in China. BACKGROUND: In patients with type 2 diabetes with or without depressive symptoms, different factors such as gender, social context or regional setting may affect their ...
Milde-Langosch Karin - - 2012
High proliferation rates are characteristic of cancer, and proliferation markers make up the majority of genes included in RNA-based prognostic gene signatures applied for breast cancer patients. Based on prior data on differences in molecular subgroups of breast cancer, we hypothesized that the significance of single proliferation markers might differ ...
Zeng Lin-Hong - - 2012
Four new compounds (+)-jasminoids A (1), B (2), C (3), and D (4), together with seven known compounds, were isolated from the roots of Jasminum sambac. Their structures were identified using spectroscopic methods. This study provides a better understanding to the chemical composition of J. sambac roots that have been ...
Cakir Pinar - - 2012
A new approach is proposed for the synthesis of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) (synthetic antibodies) as soluble nanogels with sizes close to the size of real antibodies. To imprint a molecular memory in particles consisting of only a few polymer chains, an initiator carrying multiple iniferter moieties is used. This ...
Vavalle Nicholas A - - 2012
This study presents four validation cases of a mid-sized male (M50) full human body finite element model-two lateral sled tests at 6.7 m/s, one sled test at 8.9 m/s, and a lateral drop test. Model results were compared to transient force curves, peak force, chest compression, and number of fractures from the ...
Kirbas Serkan - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and macular changes (central subfield thickness, cube average thickness, cube volume) in patients with chronic migraine (CM) without visual impairment using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and to compare the results to healthy controls. A total ...
Ganella D E - - 2012
Relaxin-3 is a neuropeptide that is abundantly expressed by discrete brainstem neuron populations that broadly innervate forebrain areas rich in the relaxin-3 G-protein-coupled-receptor, RXFP3. Acute and subchronic central administration of synthetic relaxin-3 or an RXFP3-selective agonist peptide, R3/I5, increase feeding and body weight in rats. Intrahypothalamic injection of relaxin-3 also ...
Tan Siok-Lay - - 2012
Earlier studies show that Hes1 expression is oscillatory in neural stem cells but sustained and high in the roof plate and the floor plate, and that such different dynamics of Hes1 expression (oscillatory versus sustained) regulate different proliferation and differentiation characteristics of these cells (active in neural stem cells but ...
Nayagam Bryony Ariya - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Stem cells have been touted as a potential source of replacement cells for the treatment of severe-to-profoundly deaf individuals, including possible combined therapy with a cochlear implant. The success of such a therapy is dependent on a number of factors, but of critical importance is the functional incorporation of ...
Anbarasan Pazhamalai - - 2012
Nearly one hundred years ago, the fermentative production of acetone by Clostridium acetobutylicum provided a crucial alternative source of this solvent for manufacture of the explosive cordite. Today there is a resurgence of interest in solventogenic Clostridium species to produce n-butanol and ethanol for use as renewable alternative transportation fuels. ...
Quintero-Vásquez Gabriela Alejandra - - 2012
This work was aimed to develop a multiplex PCR assay to detect infectious agents such as Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, Fusarium sp, Leveillula taurica, and begomoviruses in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants. Specific primer sets of each pathogen were designed based on intergenic ribosomal RNA sequences for the first three, whereas ...
Liu Xiaoqiang - - 2012
Information regarding in vitro activity of newer fluoroquinolones (FQs) is limited despite increasing resistance in canine or feline pathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli). This study describes in vitro potency and efficacy toward E. coli of seven FQs grouped according to similarities in chemical structure: enrofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, orbifloxacin (first-group), levofloxacin, marbofloxacin ...
Hayakijkosol O - - 2012
Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNV) that causes white tail disease (WTD) is an emerging disease that contributes to serious production losses in Macrobrachium hatcheries worldwide. Mosquito cell lines (C6/36) have been reported to support the growth of MrNV and used to observe the cytopathic effects (CPE) in infected cells. This study ...
Moreno Lucas - - 2012
New molecularly targeted therapies are needed for childhood ependymoma. Angiogenesis and the PDGFR pathway could be potential therapeutic targets. This study aimed to screen ependymomas for the expression and clinicopathological correlates of angiogenic factors and potential therapeutic targets including VEGFR, endoglin (CD105), CD34, CD31, c-Kit, PDGFR-α and PDGFR-β. Immunohistochemistry for ...
Kawanishi Yu - - 2012
The present study is the first to describe the suppressive effect of Spirulina complex polysaccharides (CPS) on glioma growth by down-regulating angiogenesis via a Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 signal. Murine RSV-M glioma cells were implanted subcutaneously (S.C.) in C3H/HeN mice and into TLR4 mutant C3H/HeJ mice. Treatment with either Spirulina ...
Huang Liang - - 2012
A Fe(3+) chemosensor was successfully synthesized with a quinoline moiety bound to rhodamine 6G hydrazide. The sensor shows high selectivity and sensitivity to Fe(3+) in aqueous solution in the presence of other trace metal ions in organisms, abundant cellular cations and prevalent toxic metal ions in the environment. In addition, ...
Sturm Amy Curry - - 2012
The heritable cardiomyopathies are relatively common conditions that can lead to heart failure and sudden cardiac death. Family history collection, genetic testing and genetic counseling are recommended for these patients and families in multiple practice guidelines and consensus statements. Research discoveries and rapidly dropping costs of DNA sequencing technologies have ...
Ladefoged Mette - - 2012
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) has received much attention in the recent years due to its role in development of insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Its expression is elevated in fat and muscle from insulin-resistant mice. Several cells of the pancreatic islets, including β-cells and resident macrophages, express TLR4. ...
Wong Hilary S - - 2012
The effect of socio-economic status (SES) on the cognitive outcome of preterm-born children is unknown. The objectives of this study were to systematically review the published literature and to report the strength and consistency of the effect of SES on the cognitive outcomes of preterm children, across different SES indicators. ...
Zarzoso-Lacoste Diane - - 2012
While the morphological identification of prey remains in predators' faeces is the most commonly used method to study trophic interactions, many studies indicate that this method does not detect all consumed prey. Polymerase chain reaction-based methods are increasingly used to detect prey DNA in the predator food bolus and have ...
Sun Yuna Y National Laboratory of Macromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101, - - 2012
Nucleocapsid protein (NPs) of negative-sense single-stranded RNA (-ssRNA) viruses function in different stages of viral replication, transcription, and maturation. Structural investigations show that -ssRNA viruses that encode NPs preliminarily serve as structural building blocks that encapsidate and protect the viral genomic RNA and mediate the interaction between genomic RNA and ...
Reitzel Lorraine R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Social cohesion, the self-reported trust and connectedness between neighbors, may affect health behaviors via psychosocial mechanisms. PURPOSE: Relations between individual perceptions of social cohesion and smoking cessation were examined among 397 Black treatment-seeking smokers. METHODS: Continuation ratio logit models examined the relation of social cohesion and biochemically verified continuous ...
Colvin-Adams Monica - - 2012
Cardiac allograft vasculopathy remains a major challenge to long-term survival after heart transplantation. Endothelial injury and dysfunction, as a result of multifactorial immunologic and nonimmunologic insults in the donor and the recipient, are prevalent early after transplant and may be precursors to overt cardiac allograft vasculopathy. Current strategies for managing ...
Krishnan P - - 2012
The reefs in some islands of Andaman and Nicobar suffered severe damage following a tropical storm in the Bay of Bengal off Myanmar coast during 13-17 March 2011. Surveys were conducted at eight sites in Andaman, of which five were located in the Ritchie's Archipelago where maximum wind speeds of ...
Sato Hajime - - 2012
Intracortical axons originating from pyramidal cells in layer 3 of the rat somatosensory cortex are shared between adjacent columns, and receive the presynaptic inhibition that is mediated by the GABA(B) receptor. Synaptic actions by intracortical axons of single layer 3 pyramidal cells covary between the two adjacent columns in response ...
Lateef Abdul - - 2012
The growth and development of prostate gland is governed by testosterone. Testosterone helps in maintaining the adipose tissue stores of the body. It is well documented that with advancing age there has been a gradual decline in testosterone levels. Our aim was to study the protective role of daidzein on ...
Choi K - - 2012
Rapid changes in salinity, as with other environmental stressors, can have detrimental effects on fish and may trigger increased susceptibility to disease. However, the precise mechanisms of these effects are not well understood. We examined the effects of sudden increases or decreases in salinity on teleost immune function using Nile ...
Glöckner Gernot - - 2012
Amoeboid life forms can be found throughout the evolutionary tree. The greatest proportion of these life forms is found in the Amoebozoa clade, one of the six major eukaryote evolutionary branches. Despite its common origin this clade exhibits a wide diversity of lifestyles including free-living and parasitic species and species ...
Guidelli G M - - 2012
Rituximab is a human/murine monoclonal antibody targeting the CD20 antigen on B-lymphocytes surface. Although it has been licensed for treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, nowadays it is also a novel therapy for autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Despite the increasing evidence regarding the safety and efficacy ...
Hallford D J - - 2012
Despite the established effectiveness of reminiscence-based interventions for depression, little research exists into the pathways through which specific reminiscence functions are related to depressive symptoms. Drawing on theory of the mechanisms of change in cognitive-reminiscence therapy, the current study tests the hypothesised indirect associations of adaptive integrative and instrumental reminiscence ...
Tátrai Péter - - 2012
Seeding of bone implants with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may promote osseointegration and bone regeneration. However, implant material surfaces, such as titanium or bovine bone mineral, fail to support rapid and efficient attachment of MSCs, especially under serum-free conditions that may be desirable when human applications or tightly controlled experiments ...
Zhong Yufei - - 2012
Order of dipole moment layers at donor and acceptor interfaces in bilayer organic solar cells is manipulated reversibly by applying bias voltages. The energy level shifts at the interfaces induce reversible changes in the open circuit voltage and the diode properties. This finding could lead to a better understanding of ...
Schuurman W - - 2012
Cartilage defects heal imperfectly and osteoarthritic changes develop frequently as a result. Although the existence of specific behaviours of chondrocytes derived from various depth-related zones in vitro has been known for over 20 years, only a relatively small body of in vitro studies has been performed with zonal chondrocytes and current ...
Lee Jungeun - - 2012
Antarctic hairgrass (Deschampsia antarctica Desv.) is the only natural grass species in the maritime Antarctic. It has been studied as an extremophile that has successfully adapted to marginal land with the harshest environment for terrestrial plants. However, limited genetic research has focused on this species due to the lack of ...
Malyszko Jolanta - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is almost always accompanied by anaemia. Erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESA) can increase haemoglobin concentration and thus reduce the frequency of anaemia-related complications including the cardiovascular events. AIM: The aim of the study was to collect prospective data on 12-month standard ESA therapy used in haemodialyzed patients in ...
- - 2012
The Japanese Archipelago stretches over 4000 km from north to south, and is the homeland of the three human populations; the Ainu, the Mainland Japanese and the Ryukyuan. The archeological evidence of human residence on this Archipelago goes back to >30 000 years, and various migration routes and root populations have been ...
Praud Anne - - 2012
Porcine brucellosis due to Brucella suis biovar 1 raises important issues for pig breeders in French Polynesia. In this region, the disease is enzootic, spreads silently and engenders economic losses in infected farms as well as sporadic human cases. While serological tests are essential in surveillance and control programmes of ...
Lima-Neto Lidio Gonçalves - - 2012
This study investigated the relationship of polymorphisms in genes encoding CD14, IL-6 and TLR4 with metabolic, inflammatory and endothelial markers in young adults with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Glucose, lipids, nitrate and inflammatory markers, flow mediated vasodilatation (FMV) and flow mediated by nitrate (FMN) were evaluated in 102 AMI and ...
He Hongpeng - - 2012
The concept of one-protein-multiple-function, i.e., moonlighting proteins, is an ever expanding paradigm. We obtained compelling evidence that an array of "cytoplasmic" metabolic enzymes can enter the nuclei to carry out moonlighting transcription functions; this phenomenon is conserved from Drosophila to Homo sapience. Of particular interest, classical glycolytic enzymes glyceral-dehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase ...
Chalvatzi K - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Schistocytes are major signs of micro- and macroangiopathic haemolytic anaemia. The aim was to evaluate automated fragmented red cell (FRC) count compared to visual microscopy, and to assess FRCs in the presence of microcytosis and hypochromia using Sysmex automated counters. METHODS: Schistocytes were determined with visual microscopy after the ...
Karagozoglu Serife - - 2012
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To reveal the effects of music therapy and visual imagery on chemotherapy-induced anxiety and nausea-vomiting. BACKGROUND: Behavioural techniques such as music therapy and visual imagery are becoming increasingly important in dealing with chemotherapy-induced anxiety, nausea and vomiting. DESIGN: The study is an experimental and cross-sectional one and ...
Zwiech RafaƂ - - 2012
PURPOSE: The study evaluated whether the dual blockade of the renin-angiotensin system may influence the sodium balance in hemodialysis. METHODS: The study involved 148 hemodialysis patients (male 85, female 63), mean age 59.6 ± 12.9 years. Participants were randomly selected to receive either angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI)-subgroup A-or dual blockade ACEI and angiotensin ...
Bai Shijie - - 2012
Mangroves are unique and highly productive ecosystems and harbor very special microbial communities. Although the phylogenetic diversity of sediment microbial communities of mangrove habitats has been examined extensively, little is known regarding their functional gene diversity and metabolic potential. In this study, a high-throughput functional gene array (GeoChip 4.0) was ...
Mercier F J - - 2012
Purpose of review: To review maternal hypotension during caesarean delivery with spinal anaesthesia. Obstetric complications, such as obstetric haemorrhage and problems related to concomitant maternal diseases are not considered. Findings: Reports of hypotension during spinal anaesthesia for elective caesarean delivery are frequent (70- 80%) when pharmacological prophylaxis is not used. ...
Tseng H W - - 2012
Background  Recent researches show that psoriasis is frequently associated with systemic co-morbidities. Objectives  This study aimed to identify possible associated co-morbidities in psoriatic patients stratified by age and sex. Methods  In this retrospective hospital-based case-control study, patients diagnosed as psoriasis at the Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital in Taiwan between January ...
Cho Mi Young - - 2012
Two viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) isolates, VHSV-KR-CJA and VHSV-KR-YGH, were isolated from viral hemorrhagic septicemia disease outbreaks in flounder farms in South Korea. The VHSV-KR-CJA isolate was isolated from a flounder farm with high mortality (80%), while the VHSV-KR-YGH isolate was isolated from a flounder farm with low mortality ...
Xue Xiaoyan - - 2013
The treatment of septicemia caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a great challenge in the clinic. Because traditional antibiotics inevitably induce bacterial resistance, which is responsible for many treatment failures, there is an urgent need to develop novel antibiotic drugs. Amino-terminated Poly(amidoamine) dendrimers (PAMAM-NH(2)) are reported to have antibacterial activities. However, ...
Li Ling - - 2012
Three new triterpene saponins, ilexsaponins D-F (1-3), were isolated from the roots of Ilex pubescens. Their structures were elucidated as 3-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl(1 → 3)-α-l-arabinopyranosyl urs-12,18-diene-24,28-dioic acid 28-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1), 3-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl(1 → 3)-α-l-arabinopyranosyl urs-12,18-diene-24,28-dioic acid (2), and 3-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl(1 → 3)-α-l-arabinoyranosyl-30-hydroxyurs-12,19-diene-24,28-dioic acid 28-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (3) on the basis of the chemical and spectroscopic evidence.
Leong Ming Chern - - 2012
An inverted left atrial appendage is a rare phenomenon post cardiac surgery. The lesion presents as an additional mass in the left atrium, which would trigger unnecessary concerns and frequently, a battery of tests. The lesion can be easily diagnosed using echocardiography. We report a case of inverted left atrial ...
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