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Härkönen Laura - - 2012
SUMMARY Offspring size and performance in invertebrates often decrease with maternal age or as a response to seasonal environment. In viviparous ectoparasites maternal provision may wholly determine offspring performance outside the host. The viviparous deer ked (Lipoptena cervi), an ectoparasite of cervids, breeds from autumn to spring. We reared deer ...
Wan Xiaohua - - 2012
Background and objectives. The study aimed to compare the α fetoprotein (AFP), total β-human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and unconjugated estriol (uE3) levels in the second-trimester triple screening for Down syndrome with different regions, and to analyse the related factors that influenced the screening performance. Materials and methods. The study was ...
Luk N M - - 2012
Background  Topical immunotherapy has recently been found useful in the treatment of chronic and extensive Alopecia Areata (AA). Objective  To evaluate the efficacy and safety of diphenylcyclopropenone (DPCP) use among Chinese patients with steroid resistant and extensive AA in our institute. Methods  The medical records of 31 Chinese patients treated ...
Ma Yadi - - 2012
The interaction of indigo carmine (IC) with calf thymus DNA in physiological buffer (pH 7.4), using ethidium bromide (EB) dye as a fluorescence probe, was investigated by UV-vis absorption, fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, coupled with viscosity measurements and DNA melting studies. Hypochromicity of the absorption spectra of IC ...
Bonacucina Giulia - - 2012
Context: Mixtures made of oil, water and surfactants give rise to a wide range of structure with different characteristics and phase manifestations. Objective: Aim of this paper is to build up and understand the phase diagram of a model ternary system (Water, Polysorbate 80 and isopropyl myristate) by the use ...
Laffleur Flavia - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the biodegradability of thiolated chitosans in comparison to unmodified chitosan. Mediated by carbodiimide, thioglycolic acid (TGA) and mercaptonicotinic acid (MNA) were covalently attached to chitosan via formation an amide bond. Applying two different concentrations of carbodiimide 50 and 100 mM, two chitosan TGA ...
Morón María Carmen - - 2012
Water plays a fundamental function in life and technology. To gain a deeper knowledge to the problem of the hydration of biomolecules, the dynamics of water around an 89-residue protein of interest in molecular recognition, cancer cell research and amyloid fibrils investigations is analyzed. The biomolecule is the ribonuclease inhibitor ...
Zhu Shi-Dan - - 2012
It is important to understand the eco-physiological characters of plants when exploring mechanisms underlying species substitution in the process of plant succession. In the present study, we selected 34 woody species from different stages of secondary succession in subtropical forests of southern China, and measured their hydraulic conductivity, gas exchange ...
Skog Amanda - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To define factors influencing neurodevelopment in children with and without complete congenital heart block (CHB) born to mothers with Ro/SSA autoantibodies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical records of a population-based cohort of siblings with (n=60) and without (n=54) CHB born 1974-2009 to anti-Ro/SSA positive mothers were retrieved from children primary ...
Liran Daniela Miriam - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To investigate teenage pregnancy outcomes controlling for lack of prenatal care (LOPC) and ethnicity. Methods: A retrospective population-based cohort study comparing singleton deliveries of nulliparous women classified into two teenage groups: 15-17, 18-19, and a comparison group of 20-24 years was performed. Multiple logistic regressions were used to ...
Kurian Reshmi - - 2012
Fluorescence yield (FY) detected x-ray absorption spectra (XAS) of 3d transition metal ions are calculated from the integrated 2p3d resonant x-ray emission spectra. The resulting FY-XAS spectra are compared with the normal XAS spectra corresponding to the absorption cross section and significant deviations between the two spectra are found. This ...
Mollinedo Fernando T - - 2012
Abstract  Eagle (Arch Otolaryngol. 1937;25:584 and Arch Otolaryngol. 1949;49:490) first identified elongation of the styloid process and ossification of the stylohyoid ligament as a cause of orofacial pain. The elongated styloid process presses on the internal carotid artery and adjacent structures, including branches of the glossopharyngeal nerve and this produce ...
Diedrich Karl T - - 2012
Attributes like length, diameter, and tortuosity of tubular anatomical structures such as blood vessels in medical images can be measured from centerlines. This study develops methods for comparing the accuracy and stability of centerline algorithms. Sample data included numeric phantoms simulating arteries and clinical human brain artery images. Centerlines were ...
Kaur Indu Pal - - 2012
Neuropathic pain remains one of the most challenging of all the neurologic diseases and represents a large unmet need of the medical world. It often requires patience on the part of the patient and the physician who must try a variety of different medications on a trial and error basis ...
Unlusoy Meltem Ceylan - - 2012
Numerous compounds have been prepared in order to improve the pharmacological profile of insulinotropic activities. In the present paper, we report the synthesis and the in vitro insulin releasing activity of the 6-methyl-chromonyl-2,4-thiazolidinediones (IIIa-c, IVa-c, Va-c). Compounds IIIb, IIIc, IVa-c, Va and Vc (at lower concentration; 0.001 mg/mL) were able to ...
Zimmerman Mark - - 2012
Zimmerman M, Martinez JH, Young D, Chelminski I, Dalrymple K. Sustained unemployment in psychiatric outpatients with bipolar depression compared to major depressive disorder with comorbid borderline personality disorder. Bipolar Disord 2012: 00: 000-000. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Objectives:  The morbidity associated with bipolar ...
Huang Mingdong - - 2012
Zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) is a promising photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy, but faces some challenges: ZnPc does not dissolve in water and thus require either special formularization of ZnPc, or chemical modification of Pc ring to enhance its bioavailability and photodynamic efficacy. Here, we conjugated mono-substituted ZnPc-COOH with a series of ...
López-Contreras L - - 2012
SUMMARY Protein kinases (PKs) of parasitic protozoa are being evaluated as drug targets. A large number of protein kinases within the protein kinome of Entamoeba histolytica strongly suggest that protein phosphorylation is a key component of pathogenesis regulation by this parasite. PI3 K and Src are kinases previously described in this ...
Gallagher J E - - 2012
Background and aim Dental professionals need adequate education in tobacco use prevention and cessation skills. The aim of this study was to identify the level of integration of tobacco education in undergraduate curricula of European dental schools.Method In 2009, a total of 197 European dental schools were identified through web-based ...
Scott Michael D - - 2012
Herein, we report the application of synthesized fluorescent, water soluble polymers for post-translational subtyping and differentiation of breast cancer cells in vitro. The fluorescence emission spectra from these polymers were modulated differently in the presence of conditioned cell culture media from various breast cancer cells. These polymers differentiate at a ...
White Joseph - - 2012
This article describes and analyzes the U.S. health care legislation of 2010 by asking how far it was designed to move the U.S. system in the direction of practices in all other rich democracies. The enacted U.S. reform could be described, extremely roughly, as Japanese pooling with Swiss and American ...
Kozaki Masatoshi - - 2012
A convergent method for the construction of shape-persistent nanoscale assemblies with conjugated backbones was developed. The copper-free Sonogashira coupling reaction was successfully applied to the formation of multiple covalent connections between conjugated terminals (iodide substituted aryl groups) of AB2-type outer components and four conjugated terminals (acetylenic bonds) of an inner ...
Weston Melissa C - - 2012
There is a need for a microfluidic pumping technique that is simple to fabricate, yet robust, compatible with a variety of solvents, and easy to control fluid flow. Redox-magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) offers these advantages. However, the presence of high concentrations of redox species, important for inducing sufficient convection at low magnetic ...
Tani Akira - - 2012
Objectives: Monoterpenes can positively or negatively affect human health depending on their concentrations. To assess the atmospheric risk for greenhouse workers, monoterpene concentrations and personal exposure in herb-growing greenhouses were measured. Methods: Monoterpene concentrations in a commercial greenhouse, where rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) and lavender (Lavandula angustifolia L.) were grown ...
Parker Kathrine - - 2012
Background: We evaluated current oral anticoagulant management at our main dialysis unit and three satellite units against British Haematology Society (BHS) standards. These standards include patients meeting their target INR 60.5 INR units for 60% of the time with an appropriate frequency of monitoring. Methods: Data were collected on anticoagulant ...
Smit P - - 2012
The objective of this paper is to answer the clinical question whether the location of the lesion in an individual patient with actinic keratosis (AK) influences the absolute risk of the development of skin cancer. Between 0.025% and 16% of AK lesions advance towards squamous cell carcinoma per year. It ...
Comakli Veysel - - 2012
Glutathione S-transferase enzyme (GST) (EC 2.5.1.18) was purified from rainbow trout erythrocytes, and some characteristics of the enzyme and effects of some metal ions on enzyme activity were investigated. For this purpose, erythrocyte glutathione S-transferase enzyme which has 16.54 EU/mg protein specific activities was purified 11,026-fold by glutathione-agarose affinity chromatography ...
Daly Blánaid - - 2012
Objective The aim of this study was to describe the dental services delivered by the Community Dental Service (CDS) of Tower Hamlets (TH) and City and Hackney (CH) for adult homeless people in 2009-2011, to assess if the service met its planned objectives and to report the outcomes of the ...
Jeya Marimuthu - - 2012
A novel type III polyketide synthase (RePKS) from Rhizobium etli produced a heptaketide pyrone using acetyl-CoA and six molecules of malonyl-CoA. Its catalytic efficiency (k(cat)/K(m) = 5230 mM(-1) min(-1)) for malonyl CoA was found to be the highest ever reported. Molecular dynamics studies revealed the unique features of RePKS.
Eljarrat A - - 2012
High-resolution monochromated electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) at subnanometric spatial resolution and <200 meV energy resolution has been used to assess the valence band properties of a distributed Bragg reflector multilayer heterostructure composed of InAlN lattice matched to GaN. This work thoroughly presents the collection of methods and computational tools ...
Nair Anroop B - - 2012
Treatment of nail diseases by topical drug delivery continues to draw much attention in the recent days. This study aims to systematically investigate the effect of constant voltage iontophoresis in the transungual drug delivery, using ciclopirox as a model drug. Preliminary permeation studies were carried out by applying constant voltage ...
Galán Amparo - - 2012
The purpose of this review is to provide a complete overview on the functions of the transcription/export factor Sus1. Sus1 is a tiny conserved factor in sequence and functions through the eukaryotic kingdom. Although it was discovered recently, research done to address the role of Sus1/ENY2 has provided in deep ...
Simons D - - 2012
Objective The aim of this study was to describe the dental services delivered by the Community Dental Service (CDS) of Tower Hamlets (TH) and City and Hackney (CH) for adult homeless people in 2009-2011, to assess if the service met its planned objectives and to report the outcomes of the ...
Oonishi Yoshihiro - - 2012
Rounding up: A Rh(I) -catalyzed intermolecular cycloaddition of 4-allenals with alkynes has been developed that provides various monocyclic eight-membered rings in good to high yields in a stereoselective manner. In addition, the chirality of the starting allene is transferred in this reaction, thereby giving optically active monocyclic eight-membered ring compounds.
Suárez-Pantiga Samuel - - 2012
Golden touch: N-allenylsulfonamides react with styrene derivatives to furnish chiral cyclobutanes in both high yield and enantioselectivity at -70 °C. Phosphoramidite ligands such as 1 facilitate this asymmetric gold(I)-catalyzed [2+2] cycloaddition. Tf=trifluoromethanesulfonyl.
Vajjah Pavan - - 2012
The T-optimality criterion is used in optimal design to derive designs for model selection. To set up the method, it is required that one of the models is considered to be true. We term this local T-optimality. In this work, we propose a generalisation of T-optimality (termed robust T-optimality) that ...
Ach Emily - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine whether parental education, socioeconomic status, or family environment moderate the extent of academic achievement deficits in pediatric brain tumor survivors (PBTS) relative to classmate case-controls. PBTS are known to be at risk for cognitive and academic impairment; however, the degree of ...
Sun Shao-Ni - - 2012
Pretreatment is the key to unlock the recalcitrance of lignocellulosic biomass for the productions of biofuels. Ionic liquids pretreatment has drawn increased attention due to its numerous advantages over conventional methods. In this study, corncob was submitted to pretreatments with 1-ethyl-3-methylimadazolium acetate (EMIMAc) or/and H(2)O/DMSO followed by alkaline extraction to ...
Ma Xiang - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This study enzymatically acrylates two flavonoids from bamboo-leaf extracts, isoorientin and isovitexin, with different fatty acids as acyl donors using Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB). The conversion yield ranged from 35% to 80% for fatty acids with different chain lengths. Higher isoorientin and isovitexin conversion yields (>75%) were obtained ...
Hermsen M A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that care staff are not always able to offer quality care. Commercialisation and market forces within the care sector are often pointed to as an explanation for this shortcoming. In the present study, insight is gained into the possible connections between the commercialisation of care, on ...
van der Eijk Anne C - - 2012
AIM: To provide an overview of factors influencing the flow rate in intravenous (IV) therapy for newborns. METHODS: We conducted a review of the literature from 1980 to 2011 in PubMed and Web of Knowledge. Articles focusing on flow-rate variability and possible complications due to flow-rate variability were included. RESULTS: ...
Eitaki Masato - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Anti-cancer drugs are widely used in cancer treatment frequently combined with surgical therapy and/or radiation therapy. Although surgery and radiation have been suggested to facilitate invasion and metastasis of tumor cells in some cases, there is so far little information about the effect of anti-cancer drugs on cellular ...
González-Sánchez M I - - 2012
An electrochemical approach to directly measure the dynamic process of H(2) O(2) release from cultures of Arabidopsis thaliana cells is reported. This approach is based on H(2) O(2 ) oxidation on a Pt electrode in conjunction with continuous measurement of sample pH. For [H(2) O(2) ] < 1 mM, calibration ...
Zhao Haiyan - - 2012
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of grown origin, genotype and their interaction on multi-element fingerprints in wheat kernels to provide theoretical basis for geographical traceability. Ten varieties were grown in three different regions of China during the 2010-2011 growing seasons. The concentrations of ten elements ...
Aycan Zehra - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: There are a few studies regarding the prevalence of testicular adrenal rest tumors (TARTs) in boys and adolescent males with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), and there is little information regarding the treatment outcomes in patients with TARTs. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term treatment outcomes ...
Charlesworth T M - - 2012
An eight-month-old female English springer spaniel was presented with weight loss and severe haematochezia. Upper and lower endoscopy identified small intestinal inflammatory bowel disease and a vascular malformation within the descending colon. The colonic lesion was excised at coeliotomy and identified histopathologically as a colonic vascular ectasia. All clinical signs ...
Varga Csaba - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Identifying risk factors for Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) infections in Ontario will assist public health authorities to design effective control and prevention programs to reduce the burden of SE infections. Our research objective was to identify risk factors for acquiring SE infections with various phage types (PT) in Ontario, ...
Li Sijun - - 2012
A series of block copolymers with fixed length of the semiconductor-block poly(3-butylthiophene) (P3BT) and varying length of the insulator-block polystyrene (PS) are synthesized. These copolymers are blended with phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) for the bulk heterojunction photoactive layers. With appropriate insulator-block length and donor-acceptor ratio, the power conversion efficiency ...
Worrell Brady T - - 2012
A good exchange: 5-Iodo-1,2,3-triazoles undergo facile substitution reactions with fluoride salts, thus providing ready access to 5-fluorotriazoles. The latter can be further elaborated with various nucleophiles to furnish fully substituted 1,2,3-triazole compounds.
Hickey Noelene - - 2012
AIM: To report a study that investigated the career development, aspirations, and choices of undergraduate students and graduates of nursing double degree programmes. BACKGROUND: Over one-third of Australian undergraduate nursing students study by double degree mode. Their career destinations will have an impact on the availability of graduates in a ...
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