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Durand Sylvain - - 2012
Type I toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems are widespread in bacteria and consist of a toxin-encoding mRNA and a partially overlapping antisense RNA that blocks expression of the toxin, either at the level of translation or by mRNA degradation. Four type I toxin families have so far been proposed in B. subtilis ...
Killaspy Helen H Mental Health Sciences Unit, University College London, London, UK. - - 2013
Current health policy assumes better quality services lead to better outcomes. To investigate the relationship between quality of mental health rehabilitation services in England, local deprivation, service user characteristics and clinical outcomes. Standardised tools were used to assess the quality of mental health rehabilitation units and service users' autonomy, quality ...
Wang Junfeng - - 2012
As part of our ongoing chemical investigation of biologically active metabolites from marine-derived fungi, four new polyphenols containing both phenolic bisabolane and diphenyl ether units, expansols C-F (1-4), and one new diphenyl ether derivative, 3-O-methyldiorcinol (5), as well as twelve known compounds (6-17), were isolated from Penicillium expansum 091006 endogenous ...
Yang J - - 2012
This study aims to assess the metabolomic profile and related histopathological outcomes of rat plasma after chronic low-dose exposure to dichlorvos (DDVP). A total of 120 male Wistar rats were treated with 0, 2.4, 7.2, and 21.6 mg/kg of body weight/day DDVP continuously for 24 weeks by drinking water. Rat plasma samples ...
Aguiar A F - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that skeletal muscle adaptations induced by long-term resistance training (RT) are associated with increased myogenic regulatory factors (MRF) and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) mRNA expression in rats skeletal muscle. Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: 8-week control (C8), ...
Ting Valentina J L VJ Research and Innovation Centre, Foundation Edmund Mach, via Mach 1, San Michele all' Adige, (TN), - - 2012
Flavor release from 6 commercial apple cultivars (Fuji, Granny Smith, Golden Delicious, Jonagold, Morgen Dallago, and Red Delicious) under static conditions (intact or fresh-cut samples) and during consumption of fresh-cut samples (nosespace) was determined by proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry. Textural (firmness, fracturability, flesh elasticity, and rupture) and physicochemical (pH, ...
Alvarez-Pérez Sergio - - 2012
The recent upsurge of interest in the role of floral nectar as a habitat for microorganisms has led to some detailed analyses of nectarivorous yeasts. In contrast, very little is known on the occurrence and diversity of nectar-dwelling bacteria, and bacterial-fungal interactions within nectar remain unexplored. In this work we ...
Serrano-Díaz Jéssica J Cátedra de Química Agrícola, ETS Ingenieros Agrónomos, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 02071 Albacete, - - 2012
Large amounts of floral bio-residues (92.6 g per 100 g of flowers) are generated and wasted in the production of saffron (Crocus sativus) spice. Progress in mechanization of saffron crop offer the opportunity to expand the uses of C. sativus flowers, beyond the spice (dried stigmas). The antioxidant potential of ...
Fuchs Coralie E - - 2012
The aim of this study is to gain more insight into basic aspects of identity, in relation to adolescent chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). In dialogical self theory, identity is regarded as incorporating multiple self-positions, such as 'I as tired', 'I as pessimistic', or 'I as ...
Tanaka Hiroyuki - - 2012
Efficient thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) was developed in a material based on a phenoxazine (PXZ) electron donor unit and a 2,4,6-triphenyl-1,3,5-triazine (TRZ) electron acceptor unit. An organic light-emitting diode containing this novel TADF emitter layer was fabricated and exhibited a maximum external quantum efficiency of 12.5% with green emission.
Goebell E E Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52, Hamburg, Germany. - - 2013
The physical background of diffusion phenomena in intracranial cysts is unclear in some cases. To evaluate a potential dependency of proton diffusion on the concentration of proteins in cystic lesions we investigated the correlation of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and magnetization transfer ratio imaging (MTR) in intracranial cystic pathologies in ...
Farajzadegan Ziba - - 2012
Glycaemic control is an essential component in diabetes management. There is growing attention on the protective effects of social capital on health, where social capital comprises features of society that facilitate co-operation for mutual benefit. The aim of this study was to investigate its role as a social determinant of ...
Schaaf Jelle M - - 2012
Objectives The aim of this study is to present a systematic review of available literature on the effect of maternal ethnicity (Africans/blacks, Asians, Hispanics, others) on the risk of preterm birth (PTB).Study Design Studies investigating ethnicity (or race) as a risk factor for PTB were included if performing adjustments for confounders. A ...
Opitz John M - - 2012
Thirty years after its clinical delineation in humans and its teratologic simulation in rats, a Garrodian error of metabolism was discovered in the autosomal recessive RSH/SLO syndrome, namely defective conversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol to cholesterol due to the mutant 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase. This opened the door to the study of several other ...
Yadav Narendra S - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Soil salinity adversely affects plant growth and development and disturbs intracellular ion homeostasis resulting cellular toxicity. The Salt Overly Sensitive 1 (SOS1) gene encodes a plasma membrane Na+/H+ antiporter that plays an important role in imparting salt stress tolerance to plants. Here, we report the cloning and characterisation ...
Mussi Valentina - - 2012
We demonstrate the possibility of using a simple functionalization procedure, based on an initial vapour-phase silanization, to control the size and functionality of solid state nanopores. The presented results show that, by varying the silanization time, it is possible to modify the efficiency of probe molecule attachment, thus shrinking the ...
Desplenter F F Academic Primary Care, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Polwarth Building, Aberdeen AB25 2ZD, UK. - - 2012
Emotional distress is common in cancer patients. This study aimed to describe, in the year after a cancer diagnosis: the incidence of anxiety, depression and excessive alcohol use; the pattern of these diagnoses and treatment over time; and the nature and duration of the prescribed treatment. A matched case-control study ...
Toplak Maggie E - - 2012
Background:  Both performance-based and rating measures are commonly used to index executive function in clinical and neuropsychological assessments. They are intended to index the same broad underlying mental construct of executive function. The association between these two types of measures was investigated in the current article. Method and Results:  We ...
Baczynska Katarzyna A - - 2012
Ultraviolet radiation spectral irradiance was measured at different altitudes on horizontal and tilted planes in different azimuth directions on cloudless days in Austria, in March 2010, within the Impact of Climatic and Environmental factors on Personal Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure project framework. The presented results demonstrate variations of the UVB, UVA ...
Col Araz Nilgun - - 2012
Aims: The dopaminergic and endocannabinoid systems are involved in regulation of feeding behavior. The aim of the study is to examine the possible relation between polymorphisms of the dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) and cannabinoid receptor-1 (CNR1) genes and childhood obesity. Methods: A hundred obese children and 100 healthy controls were ...
Cabot Eugenia - - 2012
The radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic field of magnetic resonance (MR) scanners can result in significant tissue heating due to the RF coupling with the conducting parts of medical implants. The objective of this article is to evaluate the advantages and shortcomings of a new four-tier approach based on a combined ...
Ledet Elisa M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is a complex multi-allelic disease and the most common malignancy in men. The incidence of prostate cancer in African American men is more than twice as high as that of any other race. Despite the high prevalence of prostate cancer amongst African American men, this population has ...
Ndemangou Brigitte - - 2012
The dichloromethane-methanol (1:1) soluble part of Calopogonium mucunoides (Fabaceae) resulted in the isolation of 10 isoflavones (4'-O-methylalpinumisoflavone, 4'-O-methylderrone, alpinumisoflavone, daidzeine, Calopogonium isoflavone A, atalantoflavone, 2',4',5',7-tetramethoxyisoflavone, 7-O-methylcuneantin, cabreuvin and 7-O-methylpseudobaptigenin) and a rotenoid (6a,12a-dehydroxydegueline). Among these, daidzeine, 7-O-methylcuneantin, atalantoflavone and 6a, 12a-dehydroxydegueline have been isolated for the first time from C. ...
Rabkin Alexander - - 2012
We demonstrate control over the orientation of PbS nanoparticles by way of directed assembly, which in turn, affects the crystal structure of alkylamine surfactants such as octadecylamine (ODA, C18H37NH2) and hexadecylamine (HDA, C16H33NH2). This directed assembly method results in the arrangement of PbS nanoparticles with well-defined epitaxial orientation on lamellar ...
Rodrigues Rafael C - - 2012
Immobilization of enzymes may produce alterations in their observed activity, specificity or selectivity. Although in many cases an impoverishment of the enzyme properties is observed upon immobilization (caused by the distortion of the enzyme due to the interaction with the support) in some instances such properties may be enhanced by ...
Negri Bruno - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate bone remodelling and soft tissue reactions around immediate nonocclusal loaded implants with different collar configuration in beagle dogs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The mandibular bilateral second, third and fourth premolars of six beagle dogs were extracted. After 3 months of healing, four implants ...
Buntrock Lydia - - 2012
Organ growth depends on cell division and (or) cell growth. Here, we present a study on two organs whose growth depends entirely on cell growth, once they are formed in the embryo: Malpighian tubules and silk glands of the flour moth, Ephestia kuehniella . Between first and last larval instar, ...
Ramseier Ca - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our investigation was to review the implementation of a comprehensive tobacco dependence education (TDE) curriculum at the Medi School of Dental Hygiene (MSDH), Bern, Switzerland, 2001-2008. METHODS: In 2001, new forms to record patients' tobacco use history and willingness to quit were created for all the ...
Chen I C - - 2012
BackgroundThe purpose of this study is to characterize the risk factors of bloodstream infection (BSI) associated with the use of permanent implantable venous ports (Port-A) in solid cancer patients.MethodsSolid cancer patients implanted with a Port-A were prospectively observed for the occurrence of Port-A-associated BSI (PABSI), defined as BSI without other ...
Ito Shingo - - 2012
Nickel(ii) complexes bearing a phosphine-sulfonate ligand, [(R(2)PC(6)H(4)SO(3))NiMe(2,6-lutidine)] (R = cyclohexyl, 2-MeOC(6)H(4), and 2-[2',6'-(MeO)(2)C(6)H(3)]C(6)H(4), were synthesized and applied as catalysts for the cooligomerizations of ethylene and allyl monomers.
Michels Nathalie - - 2012
The present paper will use fat mass percentage (FM%) obtained via BOD POD® air-displacement plethysmography (FMADP%) to examine the relative validity of (1) anthropometric measurements/indices and (2) of FM% assessed with equations (FMeq%) based on skinfold thickness and bioelectrical impedance (BIA). In 480 Belgian children (aged 5-11 years) weight, height, ...
Dee Chris T - - 2012
Frontonasal dysplasia (FND) refers to a class of midline facial malformations caused by abnormal development of the facial primordia. The term encompasses a spectrum of severities but characteristic features include combinations of ocular hypertelorism, malformations of the nose and forehead, and clefting of the facial midline. Several recent studies have ...
Sellers Ruth R Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Section, Institute of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff, - - 2013
Offspring of mothers with depression are at heightened risk of psychiatric disorder. Many mothers with depression have comorbid psychopathology. How these co-occurring problems affect child outcomes has rarely been considered. To consider whether the overall burden of co-occurring psychopathology in mothers with recurrent depression predicts new-onset psychopathology in offspring. Mothers ...
Kunert-Keil Christiane - - 2012
An early response to high arterial pressure is the development of cardiac hypertrophy. Functional and transcriptional regulation of ion channels and Ca(2+) handling proteins are involved in this process but the relative contribution of each is unclear. In this study, we investigated the expression of genes involved in action potential ...
Nakai Yoshikatsu - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV) and the proposed Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria in terms of the number of cases of eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) and ...
Mulrane Laoighse - - 2012
Here, we describe an integrated bioinformatics, functional analysis, and translational pathology approach to identify novel miRNAs involved in breast cancer progression. Coinertia analysis (CIA) was used to combine a database of predicted miRNA target sites and gene expression data. Using two independent breast cancer cohorts, CIA was combined with correspondence ...
Yilmaz Ali - - 2012
A museum collection of Cinchonae cortex samples (n = 117), from the period 1850-1950, was extracted with a mixture of chloroform-d1, methanol-d4, water-d2, and perchloric acid in the ratios 5 : 5 : 1 : 1. The extracts were directly analyzed using 1H NMR spectroscopy (600 MHz) and the spectra evaluated using principal component analysis (PCA) and total statistical ...
Hoshikawa Y - - 2012
This study examined the thigh muscularity and strength capability in early adolescent soccer players. The cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of the thigh muscles and dynamic strength during knee extension and flexion at 1.05 rad/s were determined twice at an interval of 6 months in 24 male soccer players aged 12-13 years and ...
Zulian Laura - - 2012
Structural colours are the object of a wide scientific interest not only for the potential technical applications of their intriguing optical properties but also for the need of colouring agents to replace toxic and carcinogenic dyes. We present a simple methodology to obtain polymer opal surfaces of self assembled core-shell ...
In Seung Min - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a 1.8 GHz continuous electromagnetic fields (EMF) on human nasal mucociliary transport, and to determine the pathophysiology of ciliary beat frequency (CBF) during an EMF-induced change. METHODS: Human nasal mucosa cells were exposed to a 1.8 GHz EMF ...
Bloemen Jasper - - 2012
Upward transport of CO(2) via the transpiration stream from belowground to aboveground tissues occurs in tree stems. Despite potentially important implications for our understanding of plant physiology, the fate of internally transported CO(2) derived from autotrophic respiratory processes remains unclear. We infused a (13) CO(2) -labeled aqueous solution into the ...
Kalubarme Ramchandra S - - 2012
This study suggests combustion synthesized Ce(1-x)Zr(x)O(2) (CZO; x = 0.1-0.5) as a new catalyst for the cathode in non-aqueous electrolyte based Li/O(2) cells. The spherical catalysts have a fluorite structure with a mean diameter of 5-17 nm. Zr doping into the ceria lattice leads to the reduction of Ce(4+) to Ce(3+), which further ...
Price Anthony N - - 2012
Cardiac MRI in neonates holds promise as a tool that can provide detailed functional information in this vulnerable group. However, their small size, rapid heart rate, and inability to breath-hold, pose particular challenges that require prolonged high-contrast and high-SNR methods. Balanced-steady state free precession (SSFP) offers high SNR efficiency and ...
Bliss Tim - - 2012
ABSTRACT: We are pleased to announce that Molecular Brain has been accepted by Thomson Reuters for tracking and is due to receive its first official Impact Factor in June 2013.
Abdu Kabir - - 2012
We show that DNA containing a conformationally-locked anti analogue of O(6)-alkylguanine is a poor substrate for human O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and the alkyltransferase-like protein, Atl1. This highlights the requirement for the syn conformation and rationalises why certain O(6)-alkylguanines are poor MGMT substrates.
Haugvik Marianne - - 2012
The aim of this article is to discuss how parallel therapy work with parents can be structured to achieve the goals of therapy with their children. Time-limited psychotherapy with children is a structured therapeutic method, where the goal and the number of sessions are contracted together with the child and ...
Friedman Charles P CP Schools of Information and Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. - - 2013
The term informatics is currently enveloped in chaos. One way to clarify the meaning of informatics is to identify the competencies associated with training in the field, but this approach can conceal the whole that the competencies atomistically describe. This work takes a different approach by offering three higher-level visions ...
Hammond Victoria J VJ School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park Campus, Cardiff CF14 4XN, United - - 2012
12/15-Lipoxygenases (LOXs) in monocytes and macrophages generate novel phospholipid-esterified eicosanoids. Here, we report the generation of two additional families of related lipids comprising 15-ketoeicosatetraenoic acid (KETE) attached to four phosphatidylethanolamines (PEs). The lipids are generated basally by 15-LOX in IL-4-stimulated monocytes, are elevated on calcium mobilization, and are detected at ...
Klawitter Jelena J Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado 80045-7503, USA. - - 2012
Cyclosporine (CsA) is a highly effective immunosuppressant used in patients after transplantation; however, its use is limited by nephrotoxicity. Salt depletion is known to enhance CsA-induced nephrotoxicity in the rat, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are not completely understood. The goal of our study was to identify the molecular effects ...
Khatri Khalil A - - 2012
Abstract Introduction: Fractional resurfacing with an Erbium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) 2940nm laser is an increasingly popular option for the treatment of the signs of facial photoaging, which include wrinkles as well as pigmentation issues and unwanted textural changes. Fractional treatment has produced favorable clinical responses, but with less complications and shorter ...
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