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Dixon Mike J MJ University of Waterloo, Waterloo, - - 2013
Near-misses in slot machines resemble jackpot wins but fall just short. Previous research has demonstrated that near-misses are behaviorally reinforcing despite the absence of monetary reward. We assessed the hedonic properties of near-misses by measuring the time between outcome delivery and the initiation of the next spin-the post-reinforcement pause (PRP) ...
Rockloff Matthew J MJ Institute for Health and Social Science Research, Central Queensland University, Bundaberg, QLD, 4670, Australia, - - 2013
This paper reviews literature on how jackpots influence Electronic Gaming Machine (EGM) gambling behaviour. Most of the available evidence addresses the motivational effect of the mere presence of EGM jackpots on play, as actual wins are relatively rare for individual gamblers. The review identifies a distinction between rational, biased and ...
Wachholtz Amy B AB University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Ave North, Worcester, MA, 01655, USA, - - 2013
To analyze national trends in the use of prayer among individuals with depression, we adopted a cross-sectional design with data from the adult Alternative Medicine supplement of the National Health Interview Survey 2002 and 2007. Prayer use and depression were combined into 4 categories: (a) prayed in the past 12 months ...
Hellmuth Julianne C JC Department of Prevention and Community Research and the Consultation Center, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 06518, USA, - - 2013
The purpose of this longitudinal study was to examine the prevalence of women's psychological, minor physical, and severe physical intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration during the first 18 weeks of pregnancy and at 6 weeks postpartum and to compare women who used each type of IPV to those who did not. Women ...
Spina Juan Carlos JC Department of Radiology, Hospital Italiano, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Gascón 450, Buenos Aires, - - 2013
Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization with drug-eluting beads (TACE-DC-beads) is a new local treatment for primary or metastatic liver tumors. Despite technical efforts to achieve highly selective embolization of the tumor-supplying vessels, small, or large insults to the non-tumorous parenchyma are inevitably induced by the embolic materials or procedure itself. Parenchymal changes ...
Weine Stevan S Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1601 W. Taylor Street, Fifth Floor, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate HIV risk behaviors and their multilevel determinants in male labor migrants from Tajikistan to Moscow. In Russia and Central Asia, where AIDS rates are amongst the world's highest, conditions in both sending and receiving countries pose serious challenges to HIV prevention. A ...
Do Bao H BH Division of Musculoskeletal Section, Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, S-056, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. - - 2013
Natural language processing (NLP) techniques to extract data from unstructured text into formal computer representations are valuable for creating robust, scalable methods to mine data in medical documents and radiology reports. As voice recognition (VR) becomes more prevalent in radiology practice, there is opportunity for implementing NLP in real time ...
Yakami Masahiro M Diagnostic Radiology, Kyoto University Hospital, 54 Kawaharacho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan. - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to verify objectively the rate of slice omission during paging on picture archiving and communication system (PACS) viewers by recording the images shown on the computer displays of these viewers with a high-speed movie camera. This study was approved by the institutional review board. ...
Crosby Budinger Meghan M Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2013
While parenting behaviors among anxious parents have been implicated in the familial transmission of anxiety, little is known about whether these parenting behaviors are unique to specific parental anxiety disorders. The current study examined differences in the use of five specific parenting behaviors (i.e., warmth/positive affect, criticism, doubts of child ...
Wei Ying Y College of Information Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, No. 3 Wenhua Road, P.O. Box 128, Shenyang, 110004, People's Republic of China. - - 2013
Considering that the traditional lung segmentation algorithms are not adaptive for the situations that most of the juxtapleural nodules, which are excluded as fat, and lung are not segmented perfectly. In this paper, several methods are comprehensively utilized including optimal iterative threshold, three-dimensional connectivity labeling, three-dimensional region growing for the ...
Santucci Lauren C LC Department of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
While the efficacy of cognitive behavior therapy for childhood anxiety disorders, including separation anxiety disorder (SAD), has been established, tailoring such treatments to particular interests and needs may enhance uptake of evidence-based interventions. The current investigation evaluates the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an intensive, cognitive-behavioral intervention for girls with ...
Kuklinski Margaret R MR Social Development Research Group, School of Social Work, University of Washington, 9725 Third Avenue N.E., Suite 401, Seattle, WA 98115, USA. - - 2013
This study examined implications of the economic downturn that began in December 2007 for the Community Youth Development Study (CYDS), a longitudinal randomized controlled trial of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention system. The downturn had the potential to affect the internal validity of the CYDS research design and implementation ...
Chen Hsin-Chen HC Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1, University Road, Tainan, 701, Taiwan, Republic of China. - - 2013
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) has been reported as one of the most common peripheral neuropathies. Carpal tunnel segmentation from magnetic resonance (MR) images is important for the evaluation of CTS. To date, manual segmentation, which is time-consuming and operator dependent, remains the most common approach for the analysis of the ...
Liu Yan Y School of Computer Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, No. 92, Xidazhi Street, Harbin, 150001, People's Republic of - - 2013
Medical image registration is an important component of computer-aided diagnosis system in diagnostics, therapy planning, and guidance of surgery. Because of its low signal/noise ratio (SNR), ultrasound (US) image registration is a difficult task. In this paper, a fully automatic non-rigid image registration algorithm based on demons algorithm is proposed ...
Navarro-González Inmaculada - - 2013
Lactobacillus plantarum is a lactic acid bacterium that is encountered in an extensive range of foods such as fermented dairy products, meat, vegetables, and bakery products. Given the little molecular information available on the lipolytic activity of L. plantarum, the aim of this study was to clone, purify, and biochemically ...
Gil Jose S JS Department of Biological Chemistry, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, 341 Boyer Hall, 611 Charles E Young Drive, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1570, - - 2013
This study aims to use a simple, quantitative method to compare the HSV1sr39TK/(18) F-FHBG PET reporter gene/PET reporter probe (PRG/PRP) system with PRGs derived from human nucleoside kinases. The same adenovirus vector is used to express alternative PRGs. Equal numbers of vectors are injected intravenously into mice. After PRP imaging, quantitative ...
Maguiña Jorge L JL Unit of Health, Sexuality and Human Development, Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University, Lima, Peru. - - 2013
This article presents data about the relationship between alcohol consumption prior to sex and unprotected sex and the prevalence of at least one sexually transmitted infection (STI) including HIV among socially marginalized men in three coastal Peruvians cities. During an epidemiological survey with 2,146 men, we assessed their STI prevalence, ...
Rosell Karolina K Hidrosis Clinic, Sophiahemmet, Stockholm, - - 2013
Hyperhidrosis is a common disorder that may have a severe impact on quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical effect of two novel botulinum toxins, Xeomin®, a type A botulinum toxin, and Neuro-bloc®, a type B botulinum toxin, in the treatment of axillary and ...
Koh In Jun IJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Uijeongbu St Mary's Hospital, Gyunggido, - - 2013
The use of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has increased substantially in most Western countries. However, the trends in TKA use and changes in demographic characteristics of patients having TKA in Korea remain unclear. We documented the trends in TKA use and in the demographics of patients undergoing TKA in Korea ...
Han Hyuk-Soo HS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Boramae Medical Center, 20, Boramae 5th Road, Seoul, 156-707, South - - 2013
The long-term survivorship of TKA in Asian countries is comparable to that in Western countries. High-flexion TKA designs were introduced to improve flexion after TKA. However, several studies suggest high-flexion designs are at greater risk of femoral component loosening compared with conventional TKA designs. We previously reported a revision rate ...
Seon Jong-Keun JK Center for Joint Disease, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Jeonnam, South - - 2013
Recently, high-flexion PCL-retaining (CR) and -substituting (PS) knee prostheses were designed to allow greater and safer flexion after TKA. However, the advantages of high-flexion TKA over standard design have been debated in terms of early maximal flexion. A recent study reported a high incidence of early loosening of the femoral ...
Lau Yolanda C YC School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 513 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, - - 2013
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have numerous etiologies, including structural brain malformations such as agenesis of the corpus callosum (AgCC). We sought to directly measure the occurrence of autism traits in a cohort of individuals with AgCC and to investigate the neural underpinnings of this association. We screened a large AgCC ...
Nel Juan A JA University of South Africa, P.O. Box 511, Groenkloof, Pretoria, 0027, South Africa. - - 2013
A community-based needs assessment among men who have sex with men (MSM) in South Africa found that 27 % (n = 280/1,045) of MSM had never been tested for HIV. The most frequently reported reasons for not having been tested were the perception of not being at risk (57 %) ...
Huang Hsiu-Ying HY Nursing Department, Taipei Medical University-Shuang Ho Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2013
Recruiting and retaining participants for clinical trials, particularly women and ethnic minorities, are challenging. Few studies, however, examine gender and ethnic differences in research processes. Such information is important for findings to adequately represent the available population. The study aim was to examine study recruitment processes (referral, eligibility, consent/enrollment) and ...
Dong M - - 2013
Traditionally, oestrogens were considered to be protective for the cardiovascular system for premenopausal women. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective case-control study to examine the association between endogenous oestrogens and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) risk among postmenopausal women. A case-control study was performed among 30 primary AMI patients and 60 control ...
Powers Daniel A - - 2013
I reexamine the epidemiological paradox of lower overall infant mortality rates in the Mexican-origin population relative to U.S.-born non-Hispanic whites using the 1995-2002 U.S. NCHS linked cohort birth-infant death files. A comparison of infant mortality rates among U.S.-born non-Hispanic white and Mexican-origin mothers by maternal age reveals an infant survival ...
Crawford Natalie D ND Department of Epidemiology, Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. - - 2013
Social discrimination may isolate drug users into higher risk relationships, particularly in disadvantaged neighborhood environments where drug trade occurs. We used negative binomial regression accounting for clustering of individuals within their recruitment neighborhood to investigate the relationship between high-risk drug ties with various forms of social discrimination, neighborhood minority composition, ...
Kessler Jeff J Kaiser Los Angeles Medical Center, 4760 Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA. - - 2013
A number of studies have found an increased risk of lower extremity injuries in obese patients. Most studies, however, are unable to provide stable population-based estimates based on the degree of obesity and few assess the risk pertaining to more detailed fracture location in the lower extremities. We therefore investigated ...
Galeotti Nicoletta N Department of Preclinical and Clinical Pharmacology, Viale G. Pieraccini 6, Florence, 50139, Italy. - - 2013
There is convincing evidence that nitric oxide (NO) may be a causative factor in the pathogenesis of migraine. We investigated the consequences of NO donors' administration on meningeal processes related to the development of migraine pain in an animal model of meningeal nociception. The administration in mice of the NO ...
Shea Kevin G KG St Luke's Sports Medicine, St Luke's Children's Hospital, and Department of Biological Sciences, Boise State University, 109 East Bannock Street, Boise, ID 83712, - - 2013
Although many etiological theories have been proposed for osteochondritis dissecans (OCD), its etiology remains unclear. Histological analysis of the articular cartilage and subchondral bone tissues of OCD lesions can provide useful information about the cellular changes and progression of OCD. Previous research is predominantly comprised of retrospective clinical studies from ...
Lee Rushyuan J RJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, - - 2013
Obesity is a risk factor for various orthopaedic diseases, including fractures. Obesity's influence on circulating hormones and cytokines and bone mineralization ultimately influences the body's osteogenic response and bone mineralization, potentially increasing the risk of fracture and impacting fracture healing. Does obesity delay fracture recovery in overweight or obese children ...
Lang Delia L DL Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road, Room 548, Atlanta, GA, USA. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of pregnancy as well as multi-level factors (i.e., individual, family, and environment) associated with history of pregnancy among a sample of urban adolescent women seeking psychological services. Data were collected from a total of 264 sexually active, 13-18-year-old, adolescent women ...
Petroll W Matthew WM Department of Ophthalmology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to develop and test hardware and software modifications to allow quantitative full-thickness corneal imaging using the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT) Rostock Corneal Module. A personal computer-controlled motor drive with positional feedback was integrated into the system to allow automated focusing through the entire cornea. ...
Norman James J JJ School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, - - 2013
Limitations with standard intradermal injections have created a clinical need for an alternative, low-cost injection device. In this study, we designed a hollow metal microneedle for reliable intradermal injection and developed a high-throughput micromolding process to produce metal microneedles with complex geometries. To fabricate the microneedles, we laser-ablated a 70 ...
Miller Amanda C AC Vanderbilt University, 110 Magnolia Circle, Nashville, TN 37203, USA. - - 2013
We examined reading comprehension in children with ADHD by assessing their ability to build a coherent mental representation that allows them to recall central and peripheral information. We compared children with ADHD (mean age 9.78) to word reading-matched controls (mean age 9.89) on their ability to retell a passage. We ...
DeVolder Ian I Department of Psychiatry, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA. - - 2013
Isolated cleft lip and/or palate (ICLP) is one of the most common congenital birth defects in the USA, affecting roughly 1 in 600 births annually. Along with the facial deformity, this population has been found to have abnormal neurodevelopment and gross structural abnormalities in the brain, particularly within the cerebellum. ...
Zhai Zili Z Department of Medicine, Section of Gastroenterology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2013
The nitrone spin trap 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO) is commonly used to study free radicals. Due to its free radical trapping properties, DMPO is thought to reduce free radial-mediated oxidative damage and other related cellular responses. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of DMPO on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ...
Goldberg Rachel E RE Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA. - - 2013
Epidemiological, economic, and social forces have produced high levels of volatility in family and household structure for young people growing up in sub-Saharan Africa in recent decades. However, scholarship on the family to date has not examined the influence of this family instability on young people's well-being. The current study ...
Healey John H - - 2013
Compliant, self-adjusting compression technology is a novel approach for durable prosthetic fixation of the knee. However, the long-term survival of these constructs is unknown. We therefore determined the survival of the Compress prosthesis (Biomet Inc, Warsaw, IN, USA) at 5 and 10 actuarial years and identified the failure modes for ...
Stiefel Friedrich F Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland. - - 2013
This study assessed medical students' perception of individual vs. group training in breaking bad news (BBN) and explored training needs in BBN. Master-level students (N = 124) were randomised to group training (GT)-where only one or two students per group conducted a simulated patient (SP) interview, which was discussed collectively with the ...
Ueda Takafumi T Osaka University Orthopaedic Oncology Group, Osaka, Japan, - - 2013
Limb-salvage reconstruction for periacetabular malignant tumors is one of the most challenging problems in orthopaedic oncology. Reconstructive options include resection arthroplasty, endoprosthesis, allograft, recycled autobone graft, arthrodesis, and pseudarthrosis. However, no standard procedure exists because of rarity and clinical variability of the disease. We previously developed a megaprosthetic system with ...
Wang Xiao B XB Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2013
This project examined sexual behavior and STI prevalence among HIV-infected individuals in South China. Adult HIV-infected outpatients in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China completed a self-administered survey about behaviors and antiretroviral treatment. Participants were screened for syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia. Univariate and multivariate relationships with any STI were calculated using logistic ...
Erwin Deborah O DO Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, Buffalo, NY, USA. - - 2013
Reported barriers to participation in biospecimen banking include unwillingness to undergo blood-draw procedures and concerns about confidentiality breaches, privacy, and discrimination. The study identified key factors and influential perspectives to address these barriers and inform methods to improve recruitment and research participation among racially diverse community. A mixed-methods, community-based participatory ...
Suzuki Hideo H Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2013
Although hippocampal atrophy and altered functional brain responses to emotional stimuli have been found in major depressive disorder (MDD), the relationship between the two is not yet well understood. The present study focused on children with and without a history of preschool onset MDD (PO-MDD) and directly examined the relations ...
Compton Rebecca J RJ Department of Psychology, Haverford College, Haverford, PA 19041, USA. - - 2013
In this study, we tested the relationship between error-related signals of cognitive control and cortisol reactivity, investigating the hypothesis of common systems for cognitive and emotional self-regulation. Eighty-three participants completed a Stroop task while electroencephalography (EEG) was recorded. Three error-related indices were derived from the EEG: the error-related negativity (ERN), ...
Hershey Linda A - - 2013
Most primary headaches in the elderly are similar to those in younger patients (tension, migraine, and cluster), but there are some differences, such as late-life migraine accompaniments and hypnic headaches. Although migraine in younger persons usually presents with headache, migraine in older persons may initially appear with visual or sensory ...
Manganiello Marc - - 2013
Understanding the role that urologic disease plays within central Haiti could lead to the development of sustainable and regionally appropriate urologic care. We aim to document the prevalence of urologic surgical disease presenting for treatment in central Haiti. The present study is based on a retrospective review of surgical case ...
Gorbach Pamina M PM Department of Epidemiology, University of California, Los Angeles, 90095-1772, USA. - - 2013
In a microbicide safety and effectiveness trial (HPTN 035) in Malawi, 585 women completed the same questionnaire through a face-to-face interview (FTFI) and an audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI). Concordance between FTFI and ACASI responses ranged from 72.0 % for frequency of sex in the past week to 95.2 % for ...
Ginnetti John G JG University of Utah, 590 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, - - 2013
The indication for hip arthrotomy accompanied by intraarticular work during periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) has not been precisely defined. To validate a role for routine hip arthrotomy accompanied by intraarticular work, frequent intraarticular pathology must exist, and the adjunct procedures must not be associated with inferior relief of pain, reduced function, ...
Reiner Bruce I BI Department of Radiology, Veterans Affairs Maryland Healthcare System, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. - - 2013
While occupational stress and fatigue have been well described throughout medicine, the radiology community is particularly susceptible due to declining reimbursements, heightened demands for service deliverables, and increasing exam volume and complexity. The resulting occupational stress can be variable in nature and dependent upon a number of intrinsic and extrinsic ...
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