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Klaver-Król Ewa G - - 2012
Introduction: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a disorder of widespread muscular pain. We investigated possible differences in surface electromyography (sEMG) in clinically unaffected muscle between patients with FM and controls. Methods: sEMG was performed on the biceps brachii muscle of 13 women with FM and 14 matched healthy controls during prolonged dynamic ...
Ip Yuen K - - 2012
The Chinese soft-shelled turtle, Pelodiscus sinensis, is well adapted to aquatic environments, including brackish swamps and marshes. It is ureotelic, and occasionally submerges its head into puddles of water during emersion, presumably for buccopharyngeal respiration. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that the buccophyaryngeal cavity constitutes an important ...
Taniguti Ana Paula Tiemi - - 2012
Introduction: In Duchenne muscular dystrophy and in the mdx mouse, muscle fiber degeneration and subsequent fibrosis lead to cardiorespiratory failure. Previously, we demonstrated that the anti-fibrotic agent suramin was effective in decreasing fibrosis in mdx muscles. In this study, we were interested to see whether suramin could affect metalloproteinases (MMP) ...
Simon Malene - - 2012
Rorqual baleen whales lunge feed by engulfment of tons of prey-laden water in a large and expandable buccal pouch. According to prior interpretations, feeding rorquals are brought to a near-halt at the end of each lunge by drag forces primarily generated by the open mouth. Accelerating the body from a ...
Garvelink Mirjam M - - 2012
Abstract Background. The aim of this study was to obtain feedback from, and reach consensus among different experts who are or have been involved in information provision about FP, regarding the (procedure of) information provision about Fertility Preservation (FP) and use of a web-based decision aid (DA) about FP to ...
Richer J - - 2012
Richer J, Nelson TN, Evans J, Armstrong L, Lauzon J, McGillivray B. CCMG statement on gene patents.
Lima Mariely - - 2012
Background  Sensory assessment of individuals with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) can be difficult for several reasons, including the idiosyncratic reactions that these individuals exhibit to environmental stimuli. This case report presents a combination of behavioural and physiological measurements aimed at providing an objective assessment of the sensory responsiveness ...
Flanagan Eoin P - - 2012
Introduction: Paraneoplastic lower motor neuronopathies have been reported rarely with Hodgkin lymphoma. Methods: We report a case of rapidly progressive motor neuronopathy preceding the diagnosis of Hodgkin lymphoma. Results: A 31-year-old woman developed subacute rapidly progressive quadriparesis. Electrodiagnostic studies revealed a severe diffuse disorder of motor neurons and their axons. ...
Tagliafico Alberto - - 2012
Introduction: In peripheral nerve ultrasound, the healthy contralateral side may be used as internal control. Therefore, inherent side-to-side differences must be minimal. The goal of this study was to assess intrastudy, intraobserver, and interobserver reproducibility of ultrasound in comparative side-to-side evaluation of lower limb nerves. Methods: Lower limb nerves of ...
Nagaoka Takumi - - 2012
Introduction: We investigated the localization of a ganglioside, N-acetylgalactosaminyl GD1a (GalNAc-GD1a), in peripheral nerves with an IgG anti-GalNAc-GD1a antibody, which was produced in rabbits immunized with GalNAc-GD1a. Methods: Teased fibers from ventral and dorsal roots and hemidiaphragm sections of rats were assessed using fluorescent double- and triple-labeling methods. Results: The ...
Won Sun Jae - - 2012
Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine normal reference values for cross-sectional area (CSA) and the correlation between demographic factors and CSA in the cervical roots and brachial plexus trunks using ultrasonography. Methods: Ninety-five age-matched healthy individuals were studied. Ultrasonographic tests were performed via nerve tracing from the ...
Mäthger Lydia M - - 2012
The blue-ringed octopus (Hapalochlaena lunulata), one of the world's most venomous animals, has long captivated and endangered a large audience: children playing at the beach, divers turning over rocks, and biologists researching neurotoxins. These small animals spend much of their time in hiding, showing effective camouflage patterns. When disturbed, the ...
Fernandes Tiago - - 2012
: Aerobic exercise training has been established as an important nonpharmacological treatment for hypertension. We investigated whether the number and function of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are restored after exercise training, potentially contributing to neovascularization in hypertension. : Twelve-week-old male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs, nā€Š=ā€Š14) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY, nā€Š=ā€Š14) rats ...
Le Vaillant Maryline - - 2012
Increasing experience in long-lived species is fundamental to improving breeding success and ultimately individual fitness. Diving efficiency of marine animals is primarily determined by their physiological and mechanical characteristics. This efficiency may be apparent via examination of biomechanical performance (e.g. stroke frequency and amplitude, change in buoyancy or body angle, ...
Evliyaoglu Ferhat - - 2012
Ocular movements and coordination require complex and integrated functions of somatic and autonomic nervous systems. Neurological disorders affecting these nervous systems may cause ocular dysfunction involving extraocular muscles and pupils. In this article, the prevalence, clinical presentations, and management of ocular neuropathy related to certain peripheral neuropathies, including diabetic neuropathy, ...
González-Sales Mario - - 2012
PM00104 (Zalypsis(®)) is a novel marine-derived compound that has shown antineoplastic activity against a number of human tumour cell lines. Myelosuppression was found to be a PM00104 dose-limiting toxicity during phase I studies. The objective of this study was to characterize the time course of neutropenia after intravenous PM00104 administration ...
Schweiger U - - 2012
Approximately 5-10% of women in the reproductive years are affected by infertility which is associated with depression, anxiety and disturbed eating behavior. Part of this association can be explained by the emotional stress resulting from infertility. As mental disorders, such as depressive disorder or eating disorders are also prospectively associated ...
Yoshida Yuri - - 2012
Intramuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) is a potential contributor to declining force production and may be related to impaired central activation; therefore, the purpose of this report is to describe IMAT composition and its association with central activation in older adults. The central activation ratio (CAR) of the knee extensors was ...
Wick M C - - 2012
Osteoarthritis is the most common degenerative age-related joint disease leading to typical degradation of articular cartilage with severe pain and limitation of joint motion. Although knee radiographs are widely considered as the gold standard for the assessment of knee osteoarthritis in clinical and scientific settings they increasingly have significant limitations ...
Kunos Charles A - - 2012
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) supplies deoxyribonucleotide diphosphates demanded by cells to repair radiation-induced DNA damage. Here, we investigate the impact of pretherapy RNR M1, M2, and M2b (p53R3) subunit level upon human cervical cancer radiochemosensitivity. Immunohistochemistry was performed on a tissue array comprised of 18 paired benign uterine cervix and stage ...
Nahm Eun-Shim - - 2012
Hip fracture is a serious injury for older adults, usually requiring surgical repair and extensive therapy. Informal caregivers can help older adults make a successful recovery by encouraging them to adhere to the therapy plans and improve their health behaviors. Few resources, however, are available for these caregivers to learn ...
Fry Christopher S - - 2012
Paraplegia results in significant skeletal muscle atrophy through increases in skeletal muscle protein breakdown. Recent work has identified a novel SIRT1-p53 pathway that is capable of regulating autophagy and protein breakdown. Soleus muscle was collected from 6 male Sprague-Dawley rats 10 weeks after complete T4-5 spinal cord transection (paraplegia group) ...
Loavenbruck Adam J - - 2012
In rare instances, amyloidosis presents as a focal, macroscopic lesion involving peripheral neural tissues (amyloidoma). In all known reported cases, peripheral nerve amyloidomas have had immunoglobulin light-chain fibril composition and occurred in the context of paraproteinemia. A 46-year-old man presented with progressive insidious-onset right lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy without paraproteinemia. MRI-targeted ...
Kumagai Hironori - - 2013
This research aimed to validate the specificity of the newly developed nanobeacon for imaging the Thomsen-Friedenreich (TF) antigen, a potential biomarker of colorectal cancer. The imaging agent is comprised of a submicron-sized polystyrene nanosphere encapsulated with a Coumarin 6 dye. The surface of the nanosphere was modified with peanut agglutinin ...
Ubhi Baljit K BK Department of Biochemistry and the Cambridge Systems Biology Centre, University of Cambridge, UK. - - 2012
COPD, a leading cause of mortality is currently assessed by spirometry (forced expiratory volume in 1 second, FEV(1)). However FEV(1) does not correlate with patient mortality. ECLIPSE (Evaluation of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to Longitudinally Identify Predictive Surrogate Endpoints) aims to identify biomarkers that correlate with clinically relevant COPD subtypes, ...
Ketkar Amit A Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205-7199, United - - 2012
DNA polymerases select for the incorporation of deoxyribonucleotide triphosphates (dNTPs) using amino acid side-chains that act as a "steric-gate" to bar improper incorporation of rNTPs. An additional factor in the selection of nucleotide substrates resides in the preferred geometry for the furanose moiety of the incoming nucleotide triphosphate. We have ...
Kaul Malvika M Department of Pharmacology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School , Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-5635, - - 2012
The prevalence of multidrug resistance among clinically significant bacterial pathogens underscores a critical need for the development of new classes of antibiotics with novel mechanisms of action. Here we describe the synthesis and evaluation of a guanidinomethyl biaryl compound {1-((4'-(tert-butyl)-[1,1'-biphenyl]-3-yl)methyl)guanidine} that targets the bacterial cell division protein FtsZ. In vitro ...
Li Nan-Sheng - - 2012
This work describes a general method for the synthesis of oligoribonucleotides containing a site-specific nonbridging phosphorodithioate linkage via automated solid-phase synthesis using 5'-O-DMTr-2'-O-TBS-ribonucleoside 3'-N,N-dimethyl-S-(2,4-dichlorobenzyl) phosphorothioamidites (2a-2d). The 3'-phosphorothioamidites (2a-2d) can be conveniently prepared in good yields (86-99%) via a one-pot reaction from the corresponding 5'-O-DMTr-2'-O-TBS-ribonucleosides (1a-1d).
Ambrosioni Juan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate HIV-1 transmission trends and the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on newly diagnosed HIV infections in Geneva, Switzerland. DESIGN:: Retrospective molecular epidemiology analysis of all newly HIV-diagnosed individuals between 2008 and 2010. METHODS:: Phylogenetic analyses were performed using pol sequences of 780 newly HIV-1 diagnosed ...
Zolotarskaya Olga Yu - - 2012
Water-soluble camptothecin (CPT)-polyoxetane conjugates were synthesized using a clickable polymeric platform P(EAMO) that was made by polymerization of acetylene-functionalized 3-ethyl-3-(hydroxymethyl)oxetane (i.e., EAMO). CPT was first modified with a linker 6-azidohexanoic acid via an ester linkage to yield CPT-azide. CPT-azide was then click coupled to P(EAMO) in dichloromethane using bromotris(triphenylphosphine)copper(I)/N,N-diisopropylethylamine. For ...
Bosch Dustin E - - 2012
Entamoeba histolytica requires a dynamic actin cytoskeleton for intestinal and systemic pathogenicity. Diaphanous-related formins represent an important family of actin regulators that are activated by Rho GTPases. The E. histolytica genome encodes a large family of Rho GTPases and three diaphanous-related formins, of which EhFormin1 is known to regulate mitosis ...
Meier Matthias M Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, United - - 2012
The standard procedure to increase microfluidic chip performance is to grow the number of parallel test systems on the chip. This process is accompanied by miniaturizing biochemical workflows and micromechanical elements, which is often a major challenge for both engineering fields. In this work, we show that it is possible ...
Jones Amy R AR Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0006, - - 2012
Agents that chemically modify DNA form a backbone of many cancer treatments. A key problem for DNA-modifying agents is lack of specificity. To address this issue, we designed novel molecular scaffolds, termed An-Hq and An-Hq(2), which are activated by a hallmark of some cancers: elevated concentrations of reactive oxygen species. ...
Ando Nozomi - - 2012
In the Wood-Ljungdahl carbon fixation pathway, protein-protein interactions between methyltransferase (MeTr) and corrinoid iron-sulfur protein (CFeSP) are required for the transfer of a methyl group. While crystal structures have been determined for MeTr and CFeSP both free and in complex, solution structures have not been established. Here, we examine the ...
Sanchez-Perez A M - - 2012
The attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADDH) is a widely recognized disorder of unknown etiology. Methylphenidate administration is one of the most commonly used treatments to improve symptoms associated with ADDH. Although it is generally a well tolerated drug, several secondary effects may occur. In particular, this paper will focus ...
Ballesteros-Pomar M - - 2012
INTRODUCTION. Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) is a serious complication of carotid revascularisation surgery associated with both carotid endarterectomy and carotid stenting. AIM. To review the literature published to date on CHS with the aim of updating the data available on its incidence, pathophysiology, clinical features, risk factors, diagnosis, management and ...
Labiano-Fontcuberta Andrés - - 2012
There is now growing evidence that essential tremor and Parkinson's disease are related. To present the main findings from epidemiologic, genetic, clinical, imaging and pathologic studies, contrasting evidences for and against an association between essential tremor and Parkinson's disease. We include a complete update of the latest findings regarding the ...
Sobrido-Sampedro C - - 2012
INTRODUCTION. Primary lymphoma of the central nervous system (PLCNS) is a rare tumour whose incidence has increased substantially in immunocompetent patients. AIM. To examine the clinical and neuroimaging features in this risk group, with the aim of establishing a set of characteristics that can lead to a quick and accurate ...
Pedraza M I - - 2012
INTRODUCTION. Primary stabbing headache (PSH) is defined by the presence of short stabbing pains in the first branch of the trigeminal nerve. According to population-based studies, it is very prevalent, but most cases present stabbing pains with low frequencies and intensities that do not lead the patient to seek medical ...
Mayor-Gomez S - - 2012
INTRODUCTION. Takotsubo syndrome is a transient stress cardiomyopathy associated with a distinctive left ventricular contraction pattern. It has been described as a cardioembolic source or as a consequence of stroke. Two patients are reported that illustrate the reciprocal relationship between Takotsubo syndrome and stroke and the physiopathological mechanisms implicated are ...
Sicras-Mainar A - - 2012
AIM. To determine the incidence rate, the treatment administered and the use of health resources and health, and their respective costs in patients with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). PATIENTS AND METHODS. We performed an observational design, made from retrospective review of patient records from six primary care centers and one hospital. ...
Brenke Ryan R Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, MA, - - 2012
An effective docking algorithm for antibody-protein antigen complex prediction is an important first step toward design of biologics and vaccines. We have recently developed a new class of knowledge-based interaction potentials called Decoys as the Reference State (DARS) and incorporated DARS into the docking program PIPER based on the fast ...
Schmidt K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The shortage of qualified doctors and nurses has led to a competition between hospitals. Analyzing the circumstances of the competition, nurses and doctors of so-called generation Y are important. These employees are mainly female and have different requirements compared to previous generations. Therefore, knowledge of these requirements will become a ...
Cordes J - - 2012
Increased cardiometabolic morbidity and increased overall mortality has been observed in patients with severe mental disorders. Therefore, cardiometabolic safety is an important issue in the treatment of patients with psychiatric disorders, in particular in patients with comorbid cardiometabolic diseases. Frequent adverse side effects include disturbances of lipid and glucose metabolism, ...
- - 2012
In the United States, Hispanics or Latinos are disproportionately affected by infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In 2010, new diagnoses of HIV infection among Hispanics or Latinos occurred at an annual rate that was 2.8 times that of non-Hispanic whites (20.4 versus 7.3 per 100,000 persons). To further assess ...
Liu Zhu - - 2012
Background: The globular heads of the human C1q receptor (gC1qR) are multi-compartmental and multi-functional cellular proteins. The list of biological responses mediated by the gC1qR includes growth perturbation and morphological abnormalities, along with the initiation of apoptosis. However, the effects of the gC1qR on the apoptosis of cervical squamous carcinoma ...
- - 2012
On June 20, 2012, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended routine use of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13; Prevnar 13, Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a subsidiary of Pfizer, Inc.) for adults aged ≥19 years with immunocompromising conditions, functional or anatomic asplenia, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks, or cochlear implants. PCV13 ...
- - 2012
CDC is working closely with the World Health Organization (WHO) and other partners to better understand the public health risk presented by a recently detected, novel coronavirus. This virus has been identified in two patients, both previously healthy adults who suffered severe respiratory illness. The first patient, a man aged ...
Dos Santos Priscila P - - 2012
Background/Aims: Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade with a mineralocorticoid-receptor antagonist has not yet been studied in exposure to tobacco smoke (TS) models. Thus, this study investigated the role of spironolactone on cardiac remodeling induced by exposure to tobacco smoke. Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: a control group (group ...
- - 2012
Reminder and recall systems alert the parents of children due (reminder) or overdue (recall) for vaccination and have been associated with increased vaccination coverage. To evaluate the potential of a state-generated recall letter to increase vaccination coverage among Montana children, the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services (DPHHS) ...
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