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Somers Tamara J TJ Duke University Medical Center, 2200W. Main Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA. - - 2012
Arthritis pain may be best understood in the context of a biospychosocial model of pain. The biopsychosocial model of pain suggests that adjustment to arthritis pain is multifaceted and is influenced by biological, psychological, and social factors. One psychological construct that appears to be particularly helpful in understanding arthritis pain ...
Stiber Jonathan A JA Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2012
Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels have been implicated in several aspects of cardiorenal physiology including regulation of blood pressure, vasoreactivity, vascular remodeling, and glomerular filtration. Gain and loss of function studies also support the role of TRPC channels in adverse remodeling associated with cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. This ...
Amezaga Urruela Matxalen M Rheumatology Section, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2012
Acupuncture has been used for millennia in traditional Chinese medicine as a technique believed to restore the balance of energy in the body caused by disease through the use of needles inserted into specific points or energy channels. This energy is called the de qi. The use of acupuncture for ...
Rogers Jennifer L JL Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, and Immunology and the Thurston Arthritis Research Center, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27517, - - 2012
Many biologic agents that were first approved for the treatment of malignancies are now being actively investigated and used in a variety of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and Sjogren's syndrome. The relatively recent advance of selective immune targeting ...
Wiegand Timothy J TJ University of Rochester Medical Center & Strong Memorial Hospital, Rochester, NY, USA. - - 2012
In 2010, the American College of Medical Toxicology established its Case Registry, the Toxicology Investigators Consortium (ToxIC). ToxIC is a prospective registry, which exclusively compiles suspected and confirmed toxic exposure cases cared for at the bedside by medical toxicologists at its participating sites. The Registry aims to fulfill two important ...
Nowakowski Katherine E KE Mayo Medical School, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2012
Shared decision making has been advocated as a key ethical strategy to improve quality of care and cancer control, especially in relation to screening and treatment decisions at various stages of the cancer continuum. Recent research on cancer in American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities has highlighted significant disparities, raising questions ...
Sadler Georgia Robins GR Moores UCSD Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0850, USA. - - 2012
Asian American women's historically low breast cancer mortality rate has remained constant as rates decreased for all other races. From 2000 to 2004, a randomized controlled trial explored the Asian grocery store-based breast cancer education program's impact on Chinese, Filipino, Korean, and Vietnamese women (n = 1,540). Women aged 40 and older ...
Mosavel Maghboeba M Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298-0149, USA. - - 2012
This paper presents the findings from town hall meetings held with community residents and focus groups with health care providers. A total of five town halls (N = 139) were conducted. Four were conducted in English and a fifth was conducted in Spanish to obtain the input of the local Hispanic community. ...
Wende Adam R AR Program in Molecular Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, 84112, - - 2012
Cardiovascular diseases account for approximately one third of all deaths globally. Obese and diabetic patients have a high likelihood of dying from complications associated with cardiovascular dysfunction. Obesity and diabetes increase circulating lipids that upon tissue uptake, may be stored as triglyceride, or may be metabolized in other pathways, leading ...
Moschidou Dafni D The Institute of Reproductive and Developmental Biology, Imperial College London, London, - - 2013
Human mid-trimester amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSC) have promising applications in regenerative medicine, being broadly multipotent with an intermediate phenotype between embryonic (ES) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). Despite this propluripotent phenotype, AFSC are usually cultured in adherence in a serum-based expansion medium, and how expansion in conditions sustaining pluripotency ...
Ingham S L SL NIBHI, Centre for Health Informatics, Institute of Population Health, Jean McFarlane Building, The University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2013
BRCA1 and BRCA2 are major breast cancer susceptibility genes. Nineteen single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at 18 loci have been associated with breast cancer. We aimed to determine whether these predict breast cancer incidence in women with BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations. BRCA1/2 mutation carriers identified through the Manchester genetics centre between 1996 and ...
Lauer Michael S - - 2012
Comparative effectiveness research represents the kind of research that arguably more directly affects clinical practice and policy. It includes observational studies, clinical trials, and systematic syntheses of existing literature. In this commentary, I argue for the ongoing and critical role of randomization in comparative effectiveness, noting the key differences between ...
Gobert Alain P AP Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232, - - 2013
The cytotoxin-associated gene A protein (CagA) plays a pivotal role in the aetiology of Helicobacter pylori-associated gastric diseases. CagA is injected into the cytoplasm of host cells by a type IV secretion system, and is phosphorylated on tyrosine residues by the host enzyme c-Src. We previously reported that the enzyme ...
Effantin Grégory G Unit of Virus Host Cell Interactions, UMI 3265, Université Joseph Fourier-EMBL-CNRS, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, - - 2013
The endosomal sorting complex required for transport-III (ESCRT-III) proteins are essential for budding of some enveloped viruses, for the formation of intraluminal vesicles at the endosome and for the abscission step of cytokinesis. ESCRT-III proteins form polymers that constrict membrane tubes, leading to fission. We have used electron cryomicroscopy to ...
Eadsforth Thomas C - - 2012
The bifunctional N(5),N(10)-methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase/cyclohydrolase (DHCH or FolD), which is widely distributed in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, is involved in the biosynthesis of folate cofactors that are essential for growth and cellular development. The enzyme activities represent a potential antimicrobial drug target. We have characterized the kinetic properties of FolD from the ...
Guan Rong R Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, New York 10461, United - - 2012
Pseudomonas aeruginosa possesses an unusual pathway for 5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA) metabolism involving deamination to 5'-methylthioinosine (MTI) followed by N-ribosyl phosphorolysis to hypoxanthine and 5-methylthio-α-d-ribose 1-phosphate. The specific MTI phosphorylase of P. aeruginosa has been reported [Guan, R., Ho, M. C., Almo, S. C., and Schramm, V. L. (2011) Biochemistry 50, 1247-1254], ...
Nguyen A L - - 2012
Anomalous aortic origin of the coronary artery from the opposite sinus with interarterial course (AAOCA) is a rare condition with a high risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) during or after strenuous exertion. SCD after repair of this anomaly is extremely rare. Here we present a 15-year-old athlete who collapsed ...
Zolkipli Zarazuela - - 2012
Introduction: Muscle and cardiac metabolism are dependent on the oxidation of fats and glucose for adenosine triphosphate production, for which L-carnitine is an essential cofactor. Methods: We measured muscle carnitine concentrations in skeletal muscles, diaphragm, and ventricles of C57BL/10ScSn-DMDmdx/J mice (n = 10) and compared them with wild-type C57BL/6J (n ...
John-Baptiste Ava - - 2012
Background and Objective: In developed countries, injection drug users have the highest prevalence and incidence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Clinicians and policy makers have several options for reducing morbidity and mortality related to HCV infection, including preventing new infections, screening high-risk populations, and optimizing uptake and delivery of ...
Tan Haitao - - 2012
Death receptor 4 (DR4), an apoptosis-associated gene, plays an important role in the pathophysiology of lumbar disc degeneration (LDD). The present study aimed to determine whether the C626G polymorphism (rs4871857) of the DR4 gene is associated with the risk and severity of LDD in the Chinese Han population. A total ...
Ghasemi Asghar - - 2012
Abstract Background. Endothelial dysfunction, synonymous with reduced biological activity of nitric oxide, is related to all cardiovascular risk factors. Association between metabolic syndrome and nitric oxide metabolites (nitrite + nitrate = NO(x)) has been previously shown in cross-sectional studies. The aim of this study was to determine the ability of ...
Galka-Marciniak Paulina - - 2012
Abstract Tandem repeats of various trinucleotide motifs are frequent entities in transcripts, and RNA structures formed by these sequences depend on the motif type and number of reiterations. The functions performed by normal triplet repeats in transcripts are poorly understood, but abnormally expanded repeats of certain types trigger pathogenesis in ...
Klaver-Król Ewa G - - 2012
Introduction: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a disorder of widespread muscular pain. We investigated possible differences in surface electromyography (sEMG) in clinically unaffected muscle between patients with FM and controls. Methods: sEMG was performed on the biceps brachii muscle of 13 women with FM and 14 matched healthy controls during prolonged dynamic ...
Ip Yuen K - - 2012
The Chinese soft-shelled turtle, Pelodiscus sinensis, is well adapted to aquatic environments, including brackish swamps and marshes. It is ureotelic, and occasionally submerges its head into puddles of water during emersion, presumably for buccopharyngeal respiration. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that the buccophyaryngeal cavity constitutes an important ...
Taniguti Ana Paula Tiemi - - 2012
Introduction: In Duchenne muscular dystrophy and in the mdx mouse, muscle fiber degeneration and subsequent fibrosis lead to cardiorespiratory failure. Previously, we demonstrated that the anti-fibrotic agent suramin was effective in decreasing fibrosis in mdx muscles. In this study, we were interested to see whether suramin could affect metalloproteinases (MMP) ...
Simon Malene - - 2012
Rorqual baleen whales lunge feed by engulfment of tons of prey-laden water in a large and expandable buccal pouch. According to prior interpretations, feeding rorquals are brought to a near-halt at the end of each lunge by drag forces primarily generated by the open mouth. Accelerating the body from a ...
Garvelink Mirjam M - - 2012
Abstract Background. The aim of this study was to obtain feedback from, and reach consensus among different experts who are or have been involved in information provision about FP, regarding the (procedure of) information provision about Fertility Preservation (FP) and use of a web-based decision aid (DA) about FP to ...
Richer J - - 2012
Richer J, Nelson TN, Evans J, Armstrong L, Lauzon J, McGillivray B. CCMG statement on gene patents.
Lima Mariely - - 2012
Background  Sensory assessment of individuals with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) can be difficult for several reasons, including the idiosyncratic reactions that these individuals exhibit to environmental stimuli. This case report presents a combination of behavioural and physiological measurements aimed at providing an objective assessment of the sensory responsiveness ...
Flanagan Eoin P - - 2012
Introduction: Paraneoplastic lower motor neuronopathies have been reported rarely with Hodgkin lymphoma. Methods: We report a case of rapidly progressive motor neuronopathy preceding the diagnosis of Hodgkin lymphoma. Results: A 31-year-old woman developed subacute rapidly progressive quadriparesis. Electrodiagnostic studies revealed a severe diffuse disorder of motor neurons and their axons. ...
Tagliafico Alberto - - 2012
Introduction: In peripheral nerve ultrasound, the healthy contralateral side may be used as internal control. Therefore, inherent side-to-side differences must be minimal. The goal of this study was to assess intrastudy, intraobserver, and interobserver reproducibility of ultrasound in comparative side-to-side evaluation of lower limb nerves. Methods: Lower limb nerves of ...
Nagaoka Takumi - - 2012
Introduction: We investigated the localization of a ganglioside, N-acetylgalactosaminyl GD1a (GalNAc-GD1a), in peripheral nerves with an IgG anti-GalNAc-GD1a antibody, which was produced in rabbits immunized with GalNAc-GD1a. Methods: Teased fibers from ventral and dorsal roots and hemidiaphragm sections of rats were assessed using fluorescent double- and triple-labeling methods. Results: The ...
Won Sun Jae - - 2012
Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine normal reference values for cross-sectional area (CSA) and the correlation between demographic factors and CSA in the cervical roots and brachial plexus trunks using ultrasonography. Methods: Ninety-five age-matched healthy individuals were studied. Ultrasonographic tests were performed via nerve tracing from the ...
Mäthger Lydia M - - 2012
The blue-ringed octopus (Hapalochlaena lunulata), one of the world's most venomous animals, has long captivated and endangered a large audience: children playing at the beach, divers turning over rocks, and biologists researching neurotoxins. These small animals spend much of their time in hiding, showing effective camouflage patterns. When disturbed, the ...
Fernandes Tiago - - 2012
: Aerobic exercise training has been established as an important nonpharmacological treatment for hypertension. We investigated whether the number and function of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are restored after exercise training, potentially contributing to neovascularization in hypertension. : Twelve-week-old male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs, nā€Š=ā€Š14) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY, nā€Š=ā€Š14) rats ...
Le Vaillant Maryline - - 2012
Increasing experience in long-lived species is fundamental to improving breeding success and ultimately individual fitness. Diving efficiency of marine animals is primarily determined by their physiological and mechanical characteristics. This efficiency may be apparent via examination of biomechanical performance (e.g. stroke frequency and amplitude, change in buoyancy or body angle, ...
Evliyaoglu Ferhat - - 2012
Ocular movements and coordination require complex and integrated functions of somatic and autonomic nervous systems. Neurological disorders affecting these nervous systems may cause ocular dysfunction involving extraocular muscles and pupils. In this article, the prevalence, clinical presentations, and management of ocular neuropathy related to certain peripheral neuropathies, including diabetic neuropathy, ...
González-Sales Mario - - 2012
PM00104 (Zalypsis(®)) is a novel marine-derived compound that has shown antineoplastic activity against a number of human tumour cell lines. Myelosuppression was found to be a PM00104 dose-limiting toxicity during phase I studies. The objective of this study was to characterize the time course of neutropenia after intravenous PM00104 administration ...
Schweiger U - - 2012
Approximately 5-10% of women in the reproductive years are affected by infertility which is associated with depression, anxiety and disturbed eating behavior. Part of this association can be explained by the emotional stress resulting from infertility. As mental disorders, such as depressive disorder or eating disorders are also prospectively associated ...
Yoshida Yuri - - 2012
Intramuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) is a potential contributor to declining force production and may be related to impaired central activation; therefore, the purpose of this report is to describe IMAT composition and its association with central activation in older adults. The central activation ratio (CAR) of the knee extensors was ...
Wick M C - - 2012
Osteoarthritis is the most common degenerative age-related joint disease leading to typical degradation of articular cartilage with severe pain and limitation of joint motion. Although knee radiographs are widely considered as the gold standard for the assessment of knee osteoarthritis in clinical and scientific settings they increasingly have significant limitations ...
Kunos Charles A - - 2012
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) supplies deoxyribonucleotide diphosphates demanded by cells to repair radiation-induced DNA damage. Here, we investigate the impact of pretherapy RNR M1, M2, and M2b (p53R3) subunit level upon human cervical cancer radiochemosensitivity. Immunohistochemistry was performed on a tissue array comprised of 18 paired benign uterine cervix and stage ...
Nahm Eun-Shim - - 2012
Hip fracture is a serious injury for older adults, usually requiring surgical repair and extensive therapy. Informal caregivers can help older adults make a successful recovery by encouraging them to adhere to the therapy plans and improve their health behaviors. Few resources, however, are available for these caregivers to learn ...
Fry Christopher S - - 2012
Paraplegia results in significant skeletal muscle atrophy through increases in skeletal muscle protein breakdown. Recent work has identified a novel SIRT1-p53 pathway that is capable of regulating autophagy and protein breakdown. Soleus muscle was collected from 6 male Sprague-Dawley rats 10 weeks after complete T4-5 spinal cord transection (paraplegia group) ...
Loavenbruck Adam J - - 2012
In rare instances, amyloidosis presents as a focal, macroscopic lesion involving peripheral neural tissues (amyloidoma). In all known reported cases, peripheral nerve amyloidomas have had immunoglobulin light-chain fibril composition and occurred in the context of paraproteinemia. A 46-year-old man presented with progressive insidious-onset right lumbosacral radiculoplexus neuropathy without paraproteinemia. MRI-targeted ...
Tuinstra Hannah M HM Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, - - 2013
After injury to the central nervous system, a glial scar develops that physically and biochemically inhibits axon growth. In the scar, activated astrocytes secrete inhibitory extracellular matrix, of which chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) are considered the major inhibitory component. An inhibitory interface of CSPGs forms around the lesion and prevents ...
Ubhi Baljit K BK Department of Biochemistry and the Cambridge Systems Biology Centre, University of Cambridge, UK. - - 2012
COPD, a leading cause of mortality is currently assessed by spirometry (forced expiratory volume in 1 second, FEV(1)). However FEV(1) does not correlate with patient mortality. ECLIPSE (Evaluation of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to Longitudinally Identify Predictive Surrogate Endpoints) aims to identify biomarkers that correlate with clinically relevant COPD subtypes, ...
Ketkar Amit A Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205-7199, United - - 2012
DNA polymerases select for the incorporation of deoxyribonucleotide triphosphates (dNTPs) using amino acid side-chains that act as a "steric-gate" to bar improper incorporation of rNTPs. An additional factor in the selection of nucleotide substrates resides in the preferred geometry for the furanose moiety of the incoming nucleotide triphosphate. We have ...
Kumagai Hironori H Institute of Imaging Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232, - - 2013
This research aimed to validate the specificity of the newly developed nanobeacon for imaging the Thomsen-Friedenreich (TF) antigen, a potential biomarker of colorectal cancer. The imaging agent is comprised of a submicron-sized polystyrene nanosphere encapsulated with a Coumarin 6 dye. The surface of the nanosphere was modified with peanut agglutinin ...
Kaul Malvika M Department of Pharmacology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School , Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-5635, - - 2012
The prevalence of multidrug resistance among clinically significant bacterial pathogens underscores a critical need for the development of new classes of antibiotics with novel mechanisms of action. Here we describe the synthesis and evaluation of a guanidinomethyl biaryl compound {1-((4'-(tert-butyl)-[1,1'-biphenyl]-3-yl)methyl)guanidine} that targets the bacterial cell division protein FtsZ. In vitro ...
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